My experience in growing grapes
Grapevine in Sinyavino
I am a gardener with decent experience. My plot of nine acres is located in the gardening "Voskhod" of the Kirovsky district of the Leningrad region. I have various fruit trees in my garden on the site: apple trees nine varieties, three pears, cherries, plums, berry bushes... But I never thought that in our rather harsh climate it is possible grow a vine and have a harvest of "sun berry".
But the happy acquaintance at lectures with wonderful specialists: a genetic biologist, breeder Igor Aleksandrovich Timofeev and wine grower Mikhail Viktorovich Solovyov convinced me that this is also possible in our Ladoga area. However, I will immediately note that you need to treat the cultivation of grape vines responsibly, as you can waste your time and effort.
Dviet grape variety
It is necessary first of all resolve the issue of varietiesthat can be grown in our climatic conditions: either in a greenhouse or outdoors in a wall culture with planting bushes at a distance of 40 cm from the foundation on the south side of the building. I would not grow grapes in open ground without protection from wind and precipitation, even with shelter for the winter. I still have a very modest experience of growing grapes in a greenhouse, because I have been growing it for only 7 years. But now there is a lot of good literature on viticulture. I use books by R. E. Loiko "Northern Grapes" and M. Abuzov "Atlas of Northern Grapes".
As a result, I already have six grape vines planted at different times: Korinka Russian, Dvietsky (two bushes), Aleshenkin, Krasa Severa (Olga) and Moscow delicacy, i.e. in my greenhouse, designed according to my capabilities for ten bushes, six are bearing fruit.
Grape variety Krasa Severa
Four bushes are not yet bearing fruit, they are only two years old. But this season, in the fall, if the vines ripen well, which I really hope, I will form them for fruiting. These are Rusbol (seedless), Early Vanderlaand, Elegant (very early) and Purple August. I received them from the wine-grower M.V. Soloviev. They are recommended for growing in greenhouses. All the varieties I have listed are available in viticulture catalogs.
All ten bushes are arranged along the greenhouse in two rows from north to south. There is a passage with barriers between the rows. The distance between the bushes in a row is 1.5 m. The vines are distributed on trellises, consisting of five stretched wires, spaced from each other at a distance of 30-40 cm.
Here are some of the results from the past season. By September 13, 2009, the Dvietsky variety had formed clusters weighing 200-330 grams, the Aleshenkin variety - clusters weighing 200-300 grams, but this vine had a lot of small berries (peas). He needs additional artificial pollination. The Krasa Severa variety had a brush weight of 300-440 grams, and the yield was about 5 kilograms; variety Moscow delicacy - brush weight 200-260 grams, yield - 5 kilograms; variety Korinka Russian - brush weight 160-220 grams. It begins to ripen from August 5th.
Since of the above vines varieties Korinka Russian, Aleshenkin and Dvietsky can grow in open ground, I multiplied them and planted five seedlings (2 bushes of the Dvietsky variety, 2 bushes of the Aleshenkin variety and 1 Korinka Russian bush) on the south side of the building (kitchen and hozblok ) into open ground in wall culture... And in order to protect the vines from atmospheric precipitation, I plan this spring, when repairing the roof, to increase its front overhang by one meter above the vines, and I also want to cover the surface of the ridge with peat to better warm the soil with the sun.
For those who intend to start growing grapes, I want to remind you of a very important and time-consuming event before planting it: you need to carefully prepare the soil that meets its natural requirements - crushed stone, sand, gravel, and first dig the old soil to a depth of 80-90 cm, removing into the dump, including clay. And replace everything with new soil, fertilizers.
I will say a few words about greenhouse device: Now there is a wind around the city - many residents are replacing wooden window frames with plastic ones. In any courtyard there are removed wooden glazed frames and doors. They can be used to make a greenhouse. A glazed greenhouse is more durable than a film one, since the film is torn from the wind. Greenhouses from used glazed frames can be made to any height and any vine shaping can be applied there. The roof over such a greenhouse must be made removable so as not to do too much shelter vines for the winter: make a light cover with corrugated cardboard, covering it with a film, and the rest will be covered with snow.
N. A. Benko in the greenhouse
As far as I can, I do the most accessible forming vines according to the two-armed Gusteau system without a stem, leaving after pruning 6-8 eyes on the fruit arrow, and 4 eyes on the replacement knot. I try to perform this shaping in the fall.
There should be nothing superfluous on the grape bush. All shoots should be directed towards fruiting. Therefore, it is necessary to timely carry out all operations on the grape bush, namely: pinching, fragments of stepchildren, minting on 15 sheets. And then the vine will certainly delight you with an abundant harvest of juicy and tasty berries. Even in the conditions of our risky farming.
Nikolay Benko, gardener
Photo by the author
The author of the article is Nikolai Aleksandrovich Benko, a resident of besieged Leningrad. This issue comes out of print on the eve of the anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War. We sincerely congratulate our new author, all war veterans, home front workers, blockade soldiers on this glorious date and wish all of them good health and prosperity!
Sweet potato. My growing experience!
I first met sweet potatoes in the vegetable section of a supermarket, a few years before the first planting in the garden. In my region, buying sweet potatoes is expensive. Prices, to put it mildly, "bite".
I shared with my friend that I plan to allocate a bed on my six hundred square meters and try to grow sweet potatoes on my own, and she was even able to get sprouts somewhere.
The first experience was of course unsuccessful. It can be seen in the photo that the tubers are small and thin.
I decided to use these tubers for planting next year.
It is interesting to grow sweet potatoes. I placed the tubers in a container and sprinkled it with earth, leaving it on the windowsill in the house and began to water it periodically.
Very quickly, sprouts began to appear, and then shoots.
I planted these shoots in the ground, already in open ground.
Sometimes sweet potatoes are compared to potatoes, but the differences are significant. The sweet potato does not like pests at all, it is not overcome by the Colorado potato beetle, it does not require chemical processing and is completely natural.
Reduces cholesterol levels, improves metabolism, makes the kidneys and liver work more actively, and has a positive effect on the elasticity of blood vessels.
Description and main characteristics of the variety Witch's fingers
The variety got its main name because of the unusual shape of the berries. They are intricately curved and look like elongated and curved fingers. Others saw in the grapes a resemblance to small pods of hot peppers and gave the variety a parallel name - Chile. When describing the variety, the following features should be noted:
- the manufacturer declares the variety as a dessert hybrid of raisins
- the variety has ordinary grape leaves
- the vine is powerful with great vigor, so it will need pruning
- flowers are bisexual, capable of self-pollination
- the color of the berries can be dark blue, black-blue or deep purple
- peel without shine, strong, taste without sourness
- the pulp is juicy and crisp
- the taste of berries is specific, sweet, slightly reminiscent of a plum
- apple-pear berry aroma.
Note! The variety is intended for fresh consumption. Long-term storage and heat treatment are detrimental to the beneficial properties of Witch's fingers grapes.
In the United States, one kilogram of Witch's fingers grapes costs about $ 20.
Table: the main characteristics of the grape variety Witch's fingers
|Appointment||The variety belongs to the table, red|
|Ripening terms||Mid-season. Ripening begins about 4 months after the leaves bloom|
|Cold resistance||Withstands frosts down to -23 degrees|
|Resistance to pests and pathogens||High enough|
|Brush mass||0.6 to 1.5 kg|
|Berry mass||7 to 15 g|
|Acidity||Low, for 1 liter of juice - 6-7 g of acid|
Witch's fingers grapes form large conical bunches
Note! The fruits of the grape variety Witch fingers have a high percentage of ascorbic acid, sugars, fiber, and various vitamins. Its calorie content is 95 kcal per 100 g of product.
The variety exhibits increased resistance to most grape diseases. Manufacturers declare its sufficient resistance to downy mildew and bacterial cancer - the most common fungal diseases. This is due to the high sugar content and the low acid content. Since the berries of Witch's Fingers have a dense skin, the wasps do not pose a danger to the variety. The main pests are birds and rodents, with which growers fight with proven means: they install drinkers for birds, traps and barriers for mice, use poisonous baits.
My experience of growing grapes - garden and vegetable garden
Message Elena Lvovna »23 Sep 2016 00:54
Hooray! I was lucky enough to visit Alexander Georgievich Mamaev!
In short, SHOCK is ours!
But I know that many want it in detail))
Our group was small, 4 people, incl. and the press - Svetlana Kalinina from the newspaper Solnyshko, and, as you can see, the "Internet press", without which this trip would not have taken place.
Frankly, I was practically not familiar with Alexander Georgievich, and was a little cowardly))
And in life he turned out to be an extraordinary, kind-hearted person who heroically endured all our stupid and amateurish questions, and never even asked (like Vladimir-27) what E.L. I studied in the classroom, whom I listened to and what I looked at. I think that if Lyubov Solomonovna heard me, she would be ashamed of such students
Well, it's not about me.
No matter how much I looked at these vine arches here in the photographs - what I saw with my own eyes, of course, heaven and earth.
I compare with many amateur gardeners, and I mean myself, what we do first - we buy, we grab everything indiscriminately, the season comes - we rush around the site where we can attach all this, we are city some kind of temporary trellis, literally from stakes for a tomato. and laughter, and sin in general!
And then I saw what I should strive for! Of course, not everyone will have the opportunity to build such a structure right away, but at least some thoughts will be spinning in their head how this can be done!
The main thing for me was important - this is how the land was raised, because my summer cottage is not so far from Galkino, the notorious Smirnovka is only 10-15 kilometers away. and close water table and swamp are the same problem.
It seems like a trench, but it seems like not a trench, because, with a nearby garden plot, this trench is clearly higher. And the two-meter passages between the rows of grapes are even higher. The work done is titanic, monumental and for many years!
And in general, it seemed to me that there on the site everything is not the same as I had seen before, and the formation on such long sleeves that the beauties themselves are hanging right in front of your eyes, you do not need to bow and stand with the letter zyu, in short it is very convenient and comfortable to work with such bushes. For me, this always plays a paramount role - ease of use! A garter. not along the trellis, but across, and the shadow in these grape galleries. And with all this, an unthinkable harvest of fine and varied table grapes.
It seems to me that Alexander Georgievich can already patent his invention))
With what love he spoke about each variety, led us from vine to vine and gave us everything to try
Each variety was left on the bushes in several bunches, although the main crop, of course, was harvested
At first I was speechless and forgot that I needed to shoot and photograph, then I grabbed, then I forgot again, so the video practically did not work, and I will naturally expose a few frames.
I remember for its taste Brilliant, Transfiguration, Kish Mish radiant, Japanese - I will not pronounce the name, Blagovest, and of course, Arcadia, Gourmet, but there was still a lot.
We also saw peaches in the stanza, several trees, here's a swamp for you. Human hands, perseverance, work, a clear task set for oneself, and of course, a bright head. This is what is needed in order to get such beauty, which appeared before us.
A thousand words of gratitude to this person from me personally and from the gardeners who were with me on this delicious and so informative excursion.
And what do you think we left empty-handed! No, of course, Alexander Georgievich cut us a whole large package of his sunny berries, at the sight of which in our store the tasting and testing of each variety immediately began by a more crowded group of our customers.
It was hard for them to believe in this, but my burning eyes and the overwhelming emotions with which I arrived at my store convinced the most unbelievers that this was all true.
My experience of growing onions
Hello dear friends!
Many summer residents allot a garden bed for onions in the garden, which is quite simple to grow. Subject to agricultural techniques, even a novice vegetable grower can get a pretty decent harvest, providing his family with an onion turnip for the whole winter.
Having analyzed my personal experience of growing onions on the site, I want to share with you some tips for growing onions:
1. Allocate a well-lit place under the bow.
2. Lowlands and flooded areas are not suitable for a plant, since excess moisture causes rotting of the root system and contributes to the development of fungal and other diseases.
3. Root crops develop well in well-structured fertile soil. If there is clay soil on your site, then the introduction of coarse-grained river sand, peat and humus will help to loosen it.
4. It is possible to improve the moisture and air permeability of the soil under the onion by sideration. Planting green manure crops with a powerful root system, for example, winter oats, rye, wheat or lupine, and the subsequent plowing of green mass into the ground is not only soil structuring, but also the enrichment of the site with vermicompost and all the necessary minerals.
5. The plant bears poorly on acidic soils. The earth should be alkalized in the fall, plowing dolomite flour or lime fluff when digging.
6. Sevok (planting material) before immersion in the ground, it is advisable to sanitize by soaking in a weakly borne solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, and then drying.
7. To accelerate the germination of the seedlings, the tops of each bulb are trimmed.
8. It is recommended to lightly sprinkle the furrows with table salt before planting. This procedure helps to prevent the colonization of plantings with the main enemy of the turnip - the onion fly, whose larvae cause irreparable harm to root crops.
9. Carrots are considered the best neighbors of onions in the garden. Phytoncides of carrot tops scare away the onion fly, confusing the pest, and the volatile compounds of onion feathers mask the smell of the aerial part of the carrot from the carrot fly. It is also practiced joint planting of onions and carrots on the same bed according to scheme 2 through 2 rows.
10.The introduction of additional nutrients at the initial stages of plant development contributes to an increase in the size of the bulbs several times.
a. The first root feeding is performed when 2 full-fledged onion feathers are formed, with a solution of slurry (1: 4) or chicken manure (1:20) with the addition of superphosphate granules (30 g / bucket of diluted fertilizer) and plant ash (1 glass / bucket). Phosphorus compounds are pre-dissolved in a small amount of hot water (temperature about 50 ° C).
b. The second root feeding is done after 2 weeks, using a solution of complex nitroammophoska (20 g / bucket of water) or combining mono-compositions, for example, urea (10 g / 10 l), double superphosphate (20 g / 10 l) and potassium sulfate (5 g / 10 l).
c. The third root dressing is needed at the stage of head formation. It falls on the last decade of June. Nitrogen components are no longer introduced, spilling the soil with phosphorus-potassium solutions, for example, ash infusion (a glass of ash for 10 liters of water, leave for a day).
11. Onions react negatively to the presence of chlorine, therefore fertilizers containing it, for example, potassium chloride, are not used under the crop during the growing season. It can only be plowed in during the autumn digging and preparation of the beds, then the chlorine by the spring almost completely evaporates, and the potassium remains.
12. Potassium sulfate has proven itself well under onions.
13. It is undesirable to take fresh manure and bird droppings from organic matter under onions. Such fertilizers impair the commercial qualities of the bulbs and reduce their keeping quality.
14. Watering of onions is stopped 3-4 weeks before harvest. Excess moisture in the heads leads to a deterioration in keeping quality.
15. In order for the harvested crop to be stored as long as possible, the dug turnips should be thoroughly dried. Dig up the heads in dry weather, leaving the stems on them until completely dry. Next, the bulbs are laid out in one layer on a sackcloth under a canopy, in a shed or in an attic, where there is good ventilation and dry air.
16. Before laying for long-term conservation, the bulbs are cleaned of already dry soil and the tops are trimmed, leaving hemp of 8-10 cm. If you store the heads in braids, then the stems do not need to be trimmed, since they are intertwined with twine.
17. Containers for storing onions must be made of natural materials. These can be paper bags, cardboard boxes, or wooden crates. The bow also lies well in nylon nets, which it is advisable to hang to improve air access to the heads.
18. Stored onions should be regularly sorted out, discarding sprouted or spoiled specimens that can cause rotting of the entire batch of turnips.
I hope my experience with onion cultivation and the helpful tips based on it will help you harvest a bountiful onion crop every year! See you, friends!
Planting cuttings in the beds (school)
Picking into the beds is carried out according to the scheme 25 × 12 cm (32 cuttings per square meter). They dug grooves 15 cm deep across the bed. Cuttings with polymer on the roots are carefully laid out in the groove, trying not to shake off the granules from the roots, covered with earth, abundantly watered and spudded, covering the watered soil. Be sure to mark the entire garden bed.
In the case of recurrent frosts, the seedlings must be covered with a non-woven material, laying it directly on the shoots of the seedlings. The lightest covering material is suitable (17 g per 1 sq. M) in two layers. The edges of the covering material are pressed down. In hot weather above + 20C, the covering material is removed to avoid overheating.
Seedlings in the beds are regularly watered, fed with microelements and carried out protective treatment against diseases, even if they are healthy, because in the garden (in the school), a massive disease is possible due to the rapid spread of the disease with overcrowding and high planting density.
By August 15, the shoots reach a meter. To limit their growth, minting is done, the underdeveloped part of the shoot is removed, or a pinch for weaker plants and treatment with potassium sulfate or ash infusion is started every 15 days until the leaves are dropped after the first frost.