Many gardeners are wondering: what to do to make the seedlings strong? Despite the fact that the cultivation of individual crops has its own specifics, there are general rules, following which, you will get strong, healthy plants. Today we will tell you about these rules.
At the end of March, you should visit the site, do sanitary pruning, prepare grooves to drain water when the snow melts, spray the garden against pests, sow peppers, eggplants and tall tomatoes on seedlings, if you did not do this at the end of February
Fluorescent lamps are best suited for illuminating seedlings. For a small number of plants, you can build a greenhouse and install short fluorescent lamps inside it. We will tell you how
What to look for when buying seeds, how many seeds are needed for sowing, what to buy - varieties or hybrids, how to process and store seeds. Hardening, soaking, calibration of seeds ... These and other questions are answered by a specialist
Peppers belong to the genus Capsicum, a family of nightshades, numbering over 2000 species, including potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants. Of the species belonging to the genus of peppers, only one is used in a wide culture, represented by sweet and hot peppers.
Characteristics of varieties and hybrids of pepper, a detailed overview (more than 100 varieties and hybrids). Recommendations for planting seeds and growing pepper seedlings from a professional.
For those gardeners, for whom the delivery of "over-aged" seedlings to the site is a problem, the late (April) sowing of pepper for seedlings can be recommended.
I want to share my many years of experience in growing pepper. This is one of my favorite cultures. While mastering her agricultural techniques, I tested many varieties, tried various technologies, the timing of sowing seeds and planting seedlings, and I think I understood many of its secrets.
Many of our plants are grown in seedlings. But this increases labor costs, and some crops should be sown directly into the ground. Consider sowing methods for growing plants by seedling and seedling methods.
The recommended age of pepper seedlings for planting in greenhouses is 60-70 days from germination. It is necessary to plant seedlings at the end of May. If you leave 7-10 days from sowing to germination, then it is clear that you need to sow in the first half of March.
I have tested more than a hundred varieties of vegetable sweet pepper. Of course, there is no dispute about tastes, but who would not like a pepper fruit 25-30 cm long, golden yellow, orange when fully ripe, with a wall thickness of 0.7 cm and a weight of 400 g?
Two types of dressings are used - root and foliar. There are dozens of ready-made schemes for their implementation, which must be taken as a basis, making adjustments for the initial filling of your site with fertilizers, for the condition of plants and weather conditions.
Grow this plant in yourself, and it will delight you all year round with flower stars and the frozen flame of fruit candles. Decorative peppers will become your favorites due to originality, and a long period of preservation of colorful qualities
The timing of planting pepper seedlings depends on the temperature of the soil. It is believed that peppers can be planted already at + 14 ° C. The practice of many years has shown that in our region it is better to wait until the biofuel "flares up" and the soil warms up to a depth of 15 cm to + 16 ° C.
According to agricultural technology, feeding peppers should be done once every 7-10 days. Once again, I draw your attention to the fact that the amount of dressings and their volumes largely depend on what the ridge is filled with, on the temperature in the greenhouse, on the varieties.
Peppers require high soil temperatures. With a lack of moisture in the soil, peppers do not develop. Particular attention should be paid to regular and sufficient irrigation of peppers during flowering and fruit formation.
Some gardeners immediately sow seeds in a large container, so that later they do not make a pick or transshipment. But for those who have a cold apartment, it is better to sow with a pick, because the soil may acidify, it is difficult to regulate watering. Sowing is carried out to a depth of 1-3 cm
Heterosis - hybrid vigor, manifested in the superiority of hybrids over their parental forms. Heterosis is not manifested with every hybridization. Moreover, heterosis may not affect all plant traits.
Many are limited to growing tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and eggplants in greenhouses. But you can make greenhouses work much more actively and increase the return on expensive indoor ground. How? We will talk about this.
Choosing a pepper variety or hybrid that suits you with modern variety is not an easy task. What to be guided by when choosing and what you should pay attention to - this will be discussed in today's article.
Everyone knows that peppers are more thermophilic than tomatoes. Therefore, I recommend growing it not in a greenhouse, but in a tall greenhouse, a small volume of air in which it is easier to warm up than a large volume of air in a greenhouse.
A few simple and practical tips for preparing seeds, peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers for sowing, growing vegetable seedlings and getting early greens from Luiza Nilovna Klimtseva, which will help you avoid crop losses
With red capsicum, Europeans first met in 1494. The ship doctor Hanka, who accompanied Columbus, noticed that the aborigines season their food with a spice called "agi".
Our plots are small, and this area should be used to the maximum. But in order for the plants to have time to please us with products several times per season, it is necessary to grow seedlings, reducing the time the culture stays in the garden.
Plants have different attitudes towards moisture. Give one only water, others may die from its excess. The moisture-loving ones include: cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkins and cabbage. Watering is especially important for them at the time of fruiting.
Depending on the situation, seeds are sown dry, wet, or germinated. Each method has pluses and minuses - for example, sowing with dry seeds is carried out quickly, but the seedlings are in no hurry to appear in the white light.
The success of growing pepper depends not only on the timely implementation of all agricultural practices, but also on the correct choice of a variety, a hybrid capable of producing full-fledged yields in the specific conditions of garden plots.
In practice, when working in the garden, it is very often required to quickly get an answer to one or another question in order to immediately make the right decision. I hope that our cheat sheets will help many with this.
It is possible to improve the soil in the greenhouse in a natural way, by regulating the ratio of living organisms in the soil through the introduction of good compost, the use of green manure and microbiological preparations
Some gardeners believe that the fruits of the varieties are tastier than the fruits of the hybrids. This is not entirely true. The fact is that during hybridization, product specialization is formed in hybrids, and the taste directly depends on the choice of this specialization.
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It is best to grow mid-early and mid-season varieties and hybrids with fruits with thick walls weighing up to 250 g in a greenhouse.
A full-fledged one is one in which many leaves have grown by the time of planting. The stem is strong and has a few unblown buds.
Seedlings need to be planted in well-warmed soil. The optimum temperature for transplanting is 16-19 ° C, this usually happens at the end of May. Peppers do not grow on cold, heavy soils, so humus or compost must be added to the planting hole, a pinch of ash and superphosphate.
Potash and nitrogen fertilizers must first be mixed with irrigation water and watered. Organic fertilizers can be replaced with nitrogen fertilizers (25 g of ammonium nitrate and 20 g of urea per 1 sq. M). They are scattered after planting the seedlings and embedded in the soil by 3 cm.
- The weather in the middle lane is unstable. Either it will snow at the beginning of summer, then the rains will charge for the whole week. Therefore, immediately after planting the pepper, install the arcs and cover them with a thin non-woven material. As the plant grows, the non-woven material is removed from the arches.
- At air temperatures above 30 ° C, the flowers are not pollinated and fall off. Therefore, in addition to airing in the greenhouse, it is necessary to put containers with water and water the paths with cold water.
- The peppers are watered after 3-4 days. No more than 1.5 liters of water is poured under one plant. Sprinkling is not necessary. 2 days after watering, the soil around the plant needs to be shallowly loosened. When the leaves close, you need to stop loosening.
- It is useful to mulch the soil with humus or peat. You can spread strips of black nonwoven fabric between the rows. You can water through the cloth, and remove the cloth during feeding.
You don't need to use straw or grass cuttings, they attract slugs.
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Peppers - garden and vegetable garden
- Garden flowers
- Flower garden
- Strawberries and strawberries
- Sweet cherry
- Apple tree
- Diseases and pests
- TOPs and Ratings of varieties
- ROSES - the best varieties
- Zucchini and Eggplant
- The best varieties of strawberries and strawberries
- Cherry and Sweet cherry
- Useful Tips
Here's what you need to do so that the peppers do not pump up and give a huge harvest.
1. It is necessary to grow peppers only through seedlings and in a greenhouse, only in this way the plants will be strong and healthy.
2. In order for the seedling to develop vigorously, it is necessary to remove all leaves from it below the fork of the stem.
3. At the age of 2 months, the seedlings should be transplanted into a greenhouse. The bushes should be transferred from the cups along with a lump of earth and be sure to make sure that the root collar is not buried in the soil, otherwise the plant will decay.
4. In order to produce more peppers, the distance between them should be 30 cm. As the plants grow, they need to be tied to pegs.
5. It is impossible to plant hot, bitter and sweet peppers nearby - all the peppers will become bitter. At the same time, I am answering the question of a reader from No. 8 - it is impossible to create a hybrid of sweet and hot peppers using cross-pollination.
6. Peppers like frequent but moderate watering. After it, the ground must be carefully loosened so that a crust does not form, but you can do without this if you mulch the soil with sawdust or straw with a layer of 7-10 cm.
7. During the season, the plants must be fed 4-5 times with nitrogenous-potassium fertilizers (according to the instructions). Fresh manure cannot be brought in - the fruits will rot.
8. A couple of times over the summer, to prevent disease, peppers should be treated with copper-containing preparations, for example, a solution of copper sulfate (5%).
9. Pinch the top so that the peppers sang faster.
10. Fruiting branches must be removed immediately so that the plant does not expend energy on them, but gives nutrients to new fruits.