Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Intuition
Tomato variety Intuition has gained popularity among gardeners with high yields, good adaptation to weather conditions and resistance to diseases. In the article we will consider the characteristics, description and rules of care and cultivation of the variety.
Characteristics and description of the variety Intuition
This hybrid variety was bred in 1998 by Russian breeders. Refers to varieties mid-early ripening.
The period of fruit ripening is 100-120 days from the moment the first shoots appear. The bush grows to a height of 2 meters. In greenhouse conditions, it can grow much higher. The leaves are dark green in color.
Fruits are medium-sized, round, weighing from 85 to 160 grams... The color of the fruit is bright red and the taste is sweet and sour. The pulp is not very dense, tender.
The advantages of tomato
The advantages of this tomato variety include:
- excellent presentation;
- high yield;
- resistance to cracking;
- good seed germination;
- high resistance to diseases;
- good transportability;
- storage duration;
- suitable for collection with brushes;
- dense pulp, convenient for preservation as a whole.
The only drawback of this variety is the excessive height of the bush.
Properly grown seedlings are the key to a good harvest. The most successful timing for sowing seeds is end of February - beginning of March.
Seeds before planting are necessary for disinfection soak for 2 hours in a strong manganese solution... This procedure is performed with the aim of increasing the disease resistance of the seedlings. After disinfection, the seeds are washed with warm water. Seeds, ready to plant, are planted in plastic containers or wooden boxes.
Soil preparation and sowing seeds
Soil for planting seedlings can be prepared by mixing garden soil, peat, mullein in equal proportions. Add to a bucket of prepared soil:
- ash - 150 grams;
- river sand - 1 kg;
- superphosphate - 35 grams.
We fill disinfected seedling containers with this mixture. The seeds are sown in the grooves to a depth of 1.5-2 centimeters... The distance between seeds in a row is at least 2 centimeters. The grooves are sprinkled with earth and watered with warm water. Cover with polyethylene and leave in a room with a temperature +25 degrees.
Before the first shoots appear, watering is recommended daily.
After the sprouts appear, the polyethylene is removed, the room temperature reduced to +22 degrees... After that, the seedlings should be watered no more than once every 5 days. The water should be warm.
When two leaves appear, it should be planted in separate pots with a capacity of 1 liter. The first feeding can be done 14 days after transplanting. For these purposes, it is best suited ash, diluted in the following proportion:
- ash - 1 glass;
- water - 10 liters.
Insist this solution for 5-6 hours and water the seedlings.
Hardening of seedlings
One of the conditions for obtaining strong seedlings is their hardening. This procedure is carried out in 14 days before planting seedlings in a permanent place of growth. The pots are taken outside for 2 hours. If the seedlings are grown on a windowsill, then a window should be opened indoors.
They are planted in greenhouses or in beds at the age of 55 days, when the seedlings reach a height of 11-12 centimeters.
Planting seedlings in a greenhouse
When planting seedlings in a greenhouse, you must adhere to these recommendations:
- Seedlings should be planted in the greenhouse in the evening, or on a sunny day.
- Before planting, the soil should be disinfected by adding manganese to the water for irrigation.
- Remove yellow leaves from seedlings.
- Warm up the soil before transplanting up to 14-15 degrees... In cold soil, seedlings will not take root.
- Do not plant in the ground where peppers, cabbage, eggplant grew.
- Do not deepen the seedlings when transplanting, so that they do not take new roots.
- You should not add chicken droppings or urea to the soil before planting seedlings.
- Planting seedlings should be at a distance 55-60 centimeters apart.
- Since the variety is tall, after 7 days it is necessary to tie the seedlings to the support.
- It is necessary to form a bush in two stems and remove new processes. A large number of scions will reduce the yield.
If the seedlings are planted in the beds, then the planting should be carried out 7 days later than the planting in the greenhouses.
The main care activities are:
It is not immediately necessary to water the seedlings after transplanting so that the seedlings take root well. The first watering is recommended after 10 days... Watering the seedlings is necessary warm water (20-25 degrees) to avoid various diseases. This variety should be watered before flowering. every five days.
Watering rate 1.5 liters per bush. During the flowering period, water consumption per bush is from 4 to 5 liters.
The weeding and loosening procedure is performed every 14 days... This must be done very carefully so as not to damage the root system of the seedlings.
The formation of a bush is carried out in order to remove side shoots so that the bush gives more strength to the fruits. Pruning should be done once every 14 days... At the end of summer, the top of the bush is cut off so that it no longer grows up. Pruning bushes growing in the greenhouse should be after the seventh brush, and those growing in the garden, after the fifth.
Since Intuition is a tall variety, a prerequisite for care is garter... It can be carried out as early as two weeks after the transplant. The height of the support must be at least three meters. You need to tie up the bushes carefully so as not to damage the stem. For this purpose, it is best to use a nylon thread.
Two weeks after planting, the seedlings must be fertilized. To do this, add 500 gr for 10 liters of water. cow dung and 20 gr. nitrophosphate. For 1 bush, add 1 liter of top dressing, repeat the top dressing after 14 days.
Diseases and pests
Sort of intuition sufficiently resistant to infections and diseases... However, it is necessary to spray the bushes with special preparations 2-3 times throughout the season.
Fruit ripening begins in 110-120 days after germination. They are in good demand due to their excellent presentation and excellent taste. You can use the fruits for making salads and for canning. According to the observation of gardeners, it is better to pluck this variety with brushes. This increases the shelf life.
Following the care recommendations, it is not at all difficult to grow the Intuition variety and get a rich harvest.
Description of large-fruited tomato variety Batianya - characteristics of fruits, cultivation technology
One of the fastest ripening large-fruited varieties is the Batianya tomato. The variety was created by Siberian specialists in 2008. A couple of years later, in 2010, the new variety was awarded a patent as an outstanding achievement of domestic breeding and quickly became a favorite of gardeners.
The large-fruited pink tomato, adapted to Siberian conditions, can be grown in other regions that cannot boast of many warm sunny days. The variety is recommended for cultivation in the middle lane in greenhouses, in more southern regions - in the open air. The description of the Batianya variety and the characteristics of this tomato can be found in this review.
- Features of the variety
- Fruit characteristics
- Growing stages: from seedling to harvest
- Soil preparation
- Germination, picking, hardening
- Landing in the ground
- Care after landing
Sowing dates and growing seedlings
For mid-early varieties, lay 60 days before moving the seedlings to a permanent place. When growing tomatoes in open ground, seeds are planted in the first decade of March. When kept in a greenhouse, sowing work can be carried out at the end of February.
Sowing dates depend not only on the place of cultivation, but also on the region. Southerners are planting tomatoes for seedlings in February. For the northern regions, especially if the tomato is to be cultivated in the open field, early planting is not recommended. Otherwise, by the time of planting, the seedlings will outgrow or stretch out strongly.
Before sowing, the seeds are soaked for 1-2 hours in Fitosporin solution. After disinfection, the planting material is soaked for half an hour in any growth stimulator (Epin and its analogues). The manufacturer himself advises to carry out such a procedure. This will speed up the germination process and contribute to the formation of immunity in future seedlings.
After the preparatory procedures, the grains are slightly dried and planted in seedling containers filled with earth.
As a substrate, especially for beginners, it is advisable to use a special soil for seedlings. It contains all the necessary substances that seedlings need for full development.
The seeds of Babushkin's secret are planted at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other, embedded in the ground to a depth of about 1-1.5 cm. After the seedling containers are covered with foil and removed to a warm place. The optimum germination temperature is from +23 to +25 degrees.
The soil moisture is checked daily. It shouldn't dry out. If necessary, the substrate is moistened with a spray bottle.
As soon as the first seeds hatch, the cover is removed and the seedling containers are moved to the light source. Seedlings planted in February must be supplemented.
After the formation of the first pair of true leaves, the seedlings are seated in separate containers. 1-2 weeks after the procedure, Babushkin's secret tomatoes are fed with a complex mineral fertilizer for seedlings with a high nitrogen content.
10-14 days before the tomatoes are moved to a permanent place, similar conditions are created for them in which they will grow until the end of the growing season. For this, the seedling containers are taken out into the open air, on a veranda or in a greenhouse.
In the first days, the hardening time should be no more than 10 minutes. Then it is gradually increased. On the night before planting, seedlings are left on the veranda or greenhouse.
Planting and growing in a greenhouse
The most optimal option for growing any varieties of tomatoes, not only Intuition, is a greenhouse. The fact is that not all regions of our country can boast of a warm climate, and the tomato is a southern vegetable crop that bears fruit well only when comfortable conditions are created for it. Therefore, greenhouses in this case are the best solution.
Growing tomatoes always starts with sowing seeds for seedlings. To do this, use either seedling boxes or disposable containers (height 6-8 cm). The use of disposable containers reduces the risk of infection of the planting material when reused. Before planting seeds, they should be prepared: disinfected (in special preparations or a weak solution of potassium permanganate), germinate, etc. The seedling container also needs disinfection, even if it is new.
For growing seedlings, you can buy soil or make it yourself (mix peat, humus and turf soil). Add another 1 kg of river coarse sand to a bucket of homemade soil, as well as 30 g of superphosphate and 100 g of wood ash.
Sowing seeds of Intuition for seedlings is carried out in February-March. Before sowing seeds, the soil in the containers must be compacted to remove air pockets. Their presence can negate all your efforts. In this case, the soil should be well ventilated, disinfected and fertile.
The seeds should be planted to a depth of 2 cm. A distance of at least 2 cm should be maintained between them. After planting, the ground should be watered and covered with polyethylene, which is removed after the first shoots appear. The room must maintain a temperature of +25 degrees. After emergence, the temperature can be lowered by a few degrees.
When the seedlings have 2 true leaves, a pick is carried out into separate containers. Until the time when the seedlings are 55 days old, hardening should be carried out. Tomatoes should be taken outside for 2 hours, as well as open a window in a greenhouse or indoors.
When the seedlings are 55 days old, they can be planted in a permanent place of growth. Disembarkation takes place in deep holes. A distance of 50 cm should be observed between neighboring plants. It is recommended to tie up the bushes immediately after planting to accelerate their growth and development. There is one nuance here. For tying, you must choose synthetic materials. They do not cause shoot rot.
After the seedlings have been planted, they need proper care, which consists of the following points:
- periodic watering. It should be abundant, but not frequent. Water is poured out at the root
- it is imperative to loosen
- if necessary, weed the beds from the formed weeds
- plant feeding is carried out once every two weeks
- it is necessary to do pinching every two weeks, removing the lower leaves and lateral processes. Plants should be kept in 1-2 stems.
Correctly carried out planting of seedlings and further care for it will allow you to get the maximum yield from the bushes.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any plant has positive and negative properties. If there are more of the latter, then the variety, instead of popularity, will gain a bad reputation.
- high yield
- versatility of use
- good taste
- high density
- crack resistance
- the fruits are firmly fixed on the hands, do not fall off from touch
- suitable for long-term storage
- retains its presentation during transportation
- has immunity to certain diseases.
- the hybrid does not produce seeds that preserve its genes
- exactingness to the formation.
The rest of the disadvantages are inconsistent and insignificant for most gardeners.
Growing any variety of tomatoes begins with planting seeds for seedlings. It is recommended to do this from mid-February to March 1st.
Preparation of containers
For growing seedlings, you must use disposable containers or special seedling boxes no more than 8-9 cm high. You can also use disposable containers to reduce the risk of contamination of the planted seeds.
For the preparation of the soil mixture, ordinary garden soil and special additives are used that improve its properties. There are several of the most popular seedling soil formulations:
- River sand, peat and garden soil are mixed in equal amounts. After that, the mixture is watered with mineral fertilizers: 30 g of potassium, 15 g of carbamide and 40 g of superphosphate. Peat has a high acidity, therefore, if desired, 50-60 g of chalk can be added to the soil.
- Peat, turf soil and humus are mixed in one part, after which 500 g of wood ash and several matchboxes of superphosphate are added to the mixture. Then the resulting mixture is sprayed with warm water.
In order not to waste time preparing the soil, you can purchase a pre-prepared mixture in the store, which contains the optimal amount of all the necessary components.
Before planting, the planting material must be treated with nutrients to increase yields. For this, you can use special industrial agents, sodium or potassium humates. During processing, the seed is dipped in a nutrient solution for half an hour, after which it should be dried in the sun.
Seeds must be planted in planting containers to a depth of about 2-4 cm.The distance between each seed should not be less than 3 cm.Having placed the planting material in containers, the soil must be sprayed with water, and the containers must be covered with foil and placed in a lighted room with a temperature of about 20 degrees.
One and a half months after planting the seeds, the seedlings must be hardened. To do this, the containers with the plant are taken out on the balcony or street for several hours.
Thus, we can say with confidence that "Japanese crab" is an excellent salad variety of tomatoes, with excellent characteristics of taste and high external qualities of the fruit. This is confirmed by numerous reviews and a description of the variety. It is quite simple to cultivate tomatoes if you know some of the features and rules of agricultural technology. We tried to tell about them in detail above in the article, so that every willing farmer has the opportunity to grow a good harvest of delicious tomatoes with his own hands.