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Hera or Juno - Goddess of Greek and Latin mythology

Hera or Juno - Goddess of Greek and Latin mythology


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It was called Barberini, a Roman copy of a Greek original, Vatican Museums, Rome

In Greek mythology Hera is the sister of Zeus as the daughter of Cronus and Rhea and according to Hesiod his seventh wife. From Zeus he had four sons: Ares, Hephaestus, Ilizia and Hebe. Envious of her husband who had had Athena without her, she generated the giant Typhon without her husband's help.

She was known in ancient times not only for her jealousy and her revenge against the many women of Zeus but also for her beauty and self-worship. The persecution he gave to Paris and all the Trojans is known because he preferred Aphrodite to her. The persecution she gave to the numerous lovers of her husband among whom we remember Io is known (see the "myth of Io").

In any case, with time Hera became the symbol of conjugal love and the protector of the home and of the marriage bond and all the important events in the life of women. It practically became the symbol of every female virtue.

The pomegranate was sacred to Hera and among the animals the cuckoo, the peacock and the crow.

In Latin mythology is identified with Juno.


Hera / Juno: the anger and jealousy of the goddess of Olympus wife of Jupiter

Hera (in Latin Juno) already from the name reveals itself as the female counterpart of Zeus. Its name has the root of hora, 'season' - where Zeus means 'sky'. The term is connected to the etymology of 'hero' and the Indo-European root of English year and German Jahr: 'Year'. Hera is the goddess of the year and seasons. It is connected to a sacred king, hero, destined for a tragic end and for divinization.

Juno's wrath has three reasons: 1) jealousy for the lovers of Jupiter, her husband and brother 2) revenge on mortals who do not honor her 3) conflict with Jupiter.


Index

  • 1 Genealogy
    • 1.1 Genealogy (Hesiod)
  • 2 Religions of Ancient Greece
  • 3 Etymology of the name
  • 4 The cult of Hera
  • 5 Was in theIliad
  • 6 Era and the children
  • 7 Hera, the enemy of Heracles
  • 8 Anecdotes about Hera's jealousy
    • 8.1 Eco
    • 8.2 Latona
    • 8.3 Callisto and Arcade
    • 8.4 Semele and Dionysus
    • 8.5 I
    • 8.6 Lamia
    • 8.7 Gerana
  • 9 Other legends about Era
    • 9.1 Cidippe
    • 9.2 Tiresias
  • 10 Notes
  • 11 Bibliography
  • 12 Related items
  • 13 Other projects
  • 14 External links

Sister of Demeter, Estia, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus, and wife of the last, she became the mother of Hebe, Ares and Ilizia [2] [3].
He also had Hephaestus [4] [5].

Some Latin authors also attribute them to Typhon and the Charites who, according to other authors, had other mothers.

Genealogy (Hesiod) Edit

As soon as she was born, as a child, she was brutally swallowed by her father together with her brothers but thanks to a stratagem of Zeus and Poseidon, who was also saved by his mother by hiding him in a herd of horses, the father regurgitated his children. She was raised in the house of Oceano and Teti and then in the garden of the Hesperides (or according to other sources, on the top of Mount Ida) she married Zeus. Her ongoing struggle against her husband's betrayals gave rise to the recurring theme of "Jealousy of Era"which is the starting point for almost all the legends and anecdotes relating to his cult [11].

Hera was portrayed as a majestic and solemn figure, often seated on the throne while wearing the "polos", the typical cylindrical headdress worn by the most important mother goddesses of numerous ancient cultures. In her hand she held a pomegranate, a symbol of fertility and death also used to evoke, thanks to the similarity of its shape, the opium poppy [12] Homer defined the boopid goddess or bovine eyes for the intensity of her regal gaze.

She was very jealous of her husband's betrayals, she especially hated Heracles, her stepson as Heracles was Zeus's favorite. The human nature of the hero led Hera to hate the whole human race: known as the most vindictive of the gods, she often used men as authors of her destructive will. Hera chose her warriors by sending them peacock feathers, an animal sacred to her.

The temples of Hera, built in two of the places where his cult was particularly felt, the island of Samos and Argolis, date back to the eighth century BC. and they were the very first examples of monumental Greek temple in history (they are respectively the Heraion of Samo and the Heraion of Argos).

The name "Era" may have numerous different etymologies contrasting with each other. A first possibility is to relate it to "hora"(season), and to interpret it as"ready for wedding"[13]. Some scholars believe it may mean"mistress"meaning it as a feminine derivative of the word"heros"(sir). There are those who propose that it means"young cow" or "heifer", in accordance with the common epithet referred to her as βοῶπις (boòpis, "bovine eye") [14]. The voice "Was"is however already present in the most ancient Mycenaean tablets. All this indicates, however, that, unlike what happens for other Greek gods such as Zeus and Poseidon, the origin of the name of Hera cannot be ascribed with certainty either to the Greek language or to genus to an Indo-European language. Some aspects of her cult seem to suggest that Hera is actually a surviving figure, with some adaptations, from ancient Minoan and Pelasgic cults and refers to a "great mother goddess"adored in those cultures.

The importance of Hera since the Archaic age is testified by the great buildings of worship that were built in her honor.

The cult of Hera, worshiped as "Era of Argos" (Hera Argeia), was particularly alive in his sanctuary which was located between the Mycenaean city-states of Argos and Mycenae, where the celebrations in his honor called Heraia were held. [15] The other main center dedicated to his cult was located on the island of Samos. Temples dedicated to Hera also arose in Olympia, Corinth, Tiryns, Perachora and on the sacred island of Delos. In Magna Graecia, in Paestum, what for a long time was believed to be the temple of Poseidon, in the 1950s it was discovered that it was actually a second temple dedicated to Hera. In addition there was a temple dedicated to the goddess also in Capo Colonna, the temple of Hera Lacinia

In classical Greek culture, altars were built in the open. Hera may have been the first deity to whom a temple with a closed roof was dedicated, which was erected around 800 BC. in Samos, and was later replaced by Heraion, one of the largest Greek temples ever. The most ancient sanctuaries, for which there is less certainty about the divinity to which they were dedicated, were built according to a Mycenaean model called "house-sanctuary". The archaeological excavations of Samos have brought to light votive offerings, many of which date back to the 8th and 7th centuries BC, which reveal that Hera was not considered only a local Greek goddess of the Aegean environment: currently the museum collects statuettes representing gods , supplicants and other votive offerings from Armenia, Babylon, Persia, Assyria and Egypt, testifying to the high esteem enjoyed by this sanctuary and the great flow of pilgrims it attracted.

On the island of Euboea, the Great Dedalee, rites dedicated to Hera were celebrated every sixty years.

In Hellenistic depictions, Hera's chariot was pulled by peacocks, a species of bird that remained unknown in Greece until Alexander's conquests: Aristotle, Alexander's tutor, referred to this animal as the "persian bird". The artistic motif of the peacock was brought back into vogue much later by Renaissance iconography, which merged the figures of Hera and Juno. [16] In the Archaic period, a period during which every goddess of the Aegean area was associated with "his" bird, was also associated with Hera the cuckoo that appears in some fragments that tell the legend of the first courtships to the virgin Hera by Zeus.

In ancient times, her most important association was that with cattle, as the goddess of herds, venerated especially on the island Euboea called "full of herds". His most common epithet in Homeric poems,"boopis", is always translated"from the bovine eye"since, like the Greeks of the classical age, our culture refuses the most natural translation"cow-faced" or "looking like a cow": A bovine-headed Era such as the Minotaur would be perceived as a dark and frightening demon. However, bull skulls adapted to be used as masks have been found on the island of Cyprus, suggesting a probable ancient cult dedicated to deities. with a similar appearance.

Other typical epithets were:

  • θεὰ λευκώλενος (theà leukòlenos): the goddess with white arms.
  • χρυσόθρονος (khrusòthronos): from the golden throne.
  • εὔκομος (èukomos): with beautiful hair.

The pomegranate, an ancient symbol of the archaic Great Mother Goddess, continued to be used as a symbol of Hera: many of the pomegranates and votive opium poppies found in the excavations of Samos are made of ivory, a material that resists the wear of time better than wood, with which they had to be commonly made. Like the other goddesses, Hera was portrayed wearing a diadem and with a veil over her head.

Hera is said to have sided with the Greeks during the Trojan War because of her hatred of Paris and Aphrodite.

First part of book IV ofIliad

«. Zeus says frowning: -Athena and Hera side with Menelaus, yes: but they limit themselves to looking at him and smiling at him. You, on the other hand, Aphrodite, went down to save Paris who, too, had been defeated and therefore deserved death.. I am tired of this war. Let's finish it. Let's give Elena to Menelaus, and that's it. Hera immediately retorted:"No! I don't want peace until Troy is destroyed!" -But what have you done wrong, Priam and his children, that you want to see them destroyed? Mind you, Era, if you want Troy to perish, one day it will be I who will want to see destroyed a city that is dear to you! -And be it! If you want-states the inexorable Goddess-destroy Athens or Sparta or Argos my beloved cities: I will not oppose your will! But you do not oppose my [wanting]. " [17]

Hera was the patroness of marriage proper and represents the symbolic archetype of the union of man and woman in the nuptial bed, however she is certainly not famous for her qualities as a mother. The legitimate children born of his union with Zeus are Ares (the god of war), Ebe (the goddess of youth), Eris (the goddess of discord), Hephaestus (god of fire and metals) and Ilizia (protectress of births) . Some authors still add the Curetes and also the three Charites to this list. Hera, made jealous by the fact that Zeus had become Athena's father without her (in fact he had had her from Metide), out of spite she decided to give birth to Hephaestus without her husband's collaboration. Both, however, were disgusted to see the ugliness of Hephaestus and threw him down from Olympus. An alternative legend says that Hera gave birth to all the children traditionally attributed to her and Zeus by herself, and that she did so simply by beating the ground with her hand, a gesture of great solemnity in ancient Greek culture.

Hephaestus took revenge for her mother's refusal by building her a magical throne which, once she sat on it, did not allow her to get up. The other gods repeatedly begged Hephaestus to return to Olympus and free her, but he repeatedly refused. Then Dionysus got him drunk and brought him back to Olympus unconscious, carrying him with a mule. Hephaestus agreed to free Hera, but only after he was granted Aphrodite as a wife.

Hera was the stepmother of the hero Heracles, as well as his main enemy. The name of Heracles literally means "glory of Hera", and the reason for this has had various explanations, since ancient times: perhaps because it was because of Hera's persecutions that Heracles had to perform his deeds and obtain glory, or perhaps because he was nursed by the goddess, who can therefore boast of having nursed such a strong hero. There is also another explanation: after Hera drove Heracles mad, who killed his own children beside himself, the hero went to the oracle of Delphi, where the priestess of Apollo ordered him to go to Tiryns from his cousin. Eurystheus, where he would have had to serve him and carry out all the deeds that he would have imposed on him, and this he should have done for the glory of Hera, and from then on he would be called "Heracles", that is, "the glory of Hera" [18 ].

When Alcmene was pregnant with Heracles, Hera tried to prevent the birth by tying the legs of the mother. She was saved by her servant Galantide who told the goddess that the birth had already taken place, causing her to give up. Discovered the deception, Hera turned Galantide into a weasel as punishment. When Heracles was still a child, Hera sent two snakes to kill him while he slept in his crib. Heracles, however, strangled the two snakes by grabbing them one by the hand, and his nurse found him having fun with their bodies as if they were toys. This anecdote [19] is built around the figure of the hero holding a snake by the hand, exactly like the famous goddess who held snakes in the Minoan era. [20]

A description of the origin of the Milky Way says that Zeus had tricked Hera into breastfeeding Heracles, to make him immortal: when she realized who he was, she suddenly tore him off his chest and a splash of his milk formed in sky the strip of whitish light, which we can still see today, and which is therefore called the "Milky Way". Another version states that it was Hermes who approached Heracles to Hera's breast, who was asleep, to make him drink the milk that would make him immortal. Due to a bite from Heracles, however, the goddess woke up and, suddenly removing her breast from Heracles' mouth, a spray of her milk came out forming the Milky Way. The Etruscans painted an adult Heracles with a beard already attached to Hera's breast.

Hera made sure that Heracles was forced to carry out his famous exploits on behalf of King Eurystheus of Mycenae and, not satisfied, also tried to make them all more difficult. When the hero was fighting the Lernaean Hydra he had a crab bite him in the foot, hoping to distract him. To cause him further trouble, after he stole Geryon's herd, Hera sent gadflies to irritate and frighten the beasts, then made the waters of a river swell so that Heracles could no longer ford them with the herd, forcing him to throw in the huge river stones to make it crossable. When he finally managed to reach Eurystheus' court, the herd was sacrificed in Hera's honor. Eurystheus also wanted to sacrifice the Cretan Bull to the goddess, but Hera refused because the glory of such a sacrifice would also have been reflected in Heracles who had captured him. The bull was thus let go in the plain of Maratona becoming famous as the Bull of Maratona.

Some legends say that Hera eventually reconciled with Heracles, as he had saved her from the giant Porphyry who tried to rape her during the Gigantomachy, and the goddess, to be forgiven for the torments given to the hero, also granted him his daughter as a wife So what.

Eco Edit

Once, Zeus convinced a nymph named Echo to distract Hera from her furtive loves. When Hera discovered the deception, she condemned the nymph to no longer have a voice of her own and to be able, from then on, only to repeat the words of others. One day, Eco met Narciso, her true love who, hearing the last words he said repeated, was offended and left her there to die for love.

Latona Edit

When Hera learned that Latona was pregnant with twins and that her father was Zeus, with a spell she prevented Latona from giving birth, making every land she went to be hostile towards her. Latona found the floating island of Delos, which was neither mainland nor a real island and was too inhospitable to make it worse. On this she gave birth while being surrounded by swans. In gratitude Zeus stared at Delos, which has since been sacred to Apollo, with four pillars. There are other versions of the story as well. In one of these Era he kidnapped his daughter Ilizia, the goddess of birth, to prevent Latona from going into labor, but the other gods forced her to let her go. Some legends say that Artemis, born first, helped her mother to give birth to Apollo, while another claims that Artemis, born the day before on the island of Ortigia, helped her mother to cross the sea to reach Delos to give birth the brother.

Callisto and Arcade Edit

Callisto, a nymph who was part of Artemis's entourage, vowed to remain a virgin, but Zeus fell in love with her and assumed the appearance of Apollo (according to other versions of Artemis herself) to lure and seduce her. It was then, in revenge for the betrayal, he gave Callisto the likeness of a bear. Some time after Arcade, the son that Callisto had generated with Zeus, almost killed his mother by mistake during a hunting trip and Zeus, to protect them from further risks, placed them in the sky transforming them into the two constellations of the bear minor and the bear major . The characteristic of these two constellations is that they never set.

Semele and Dionysus Edit

Dionysus was the son of Zeus and a mortal. Hera, jealous, attempted to kill the child by sending Titans to tear Dionysus apart after luring him with toys. Although Zeus had finally managed to drive out the Titans with his lightning bolts, they had managed to devour almost everything and only his heart remained, depending on the versions of the legend, by Athena, Rhea, or Demeter.Zeus used his heart to recreate Dionysus, placing him in Semele's womb (for this reason Dionysus became known as "the twice born"). However, the versions of the legend are many and varied.

The same topic in detail: Dionysus.

I edit

One day Hera was about to surprise Zeus with one of his mistresses, called Io, but Zeus managed to avoid him at the last minute, turning Io into a white heifer. She was, however, still suspicious, asked Zeus to give her the heifer as a gift. Once obtained, Hera entrusted her to the custody of the giant Argos, to keep her away from Zeus. The king of the gods then ordered Hermes to kill Argos, which the god did by putting the hundred-eyed giant to sleep by the sound of his flute and then cutting off his head. Hera took the eyes of the giant and, to honor him, placed them on the tail feathers of the peacock, his sacred animal. Then he sent a gadfly to torment Io, who began to flee all over the known world, until he reached Egypt where, after giving birth to his son Epaphos, he regained human form.

Lamia Edit

Lamia was a queen of Libya with whom Zeus had fallen in love. It was in revenge that he turned the woman into a monster, and killed the children she had had with Zeus. A different version of the legend says that Hera killed her children and Lamia turned into a monster in pain. Lamia was also struck by Hera with the curse of never being able to close her eyes, so that she was forever doomed to obsessively see the image of her dead children. Zeus, in order to allow her to rest, granted her the power to temporarily gouge out her eyes and then put them back in their place.

Gerana Edit

Gerana was a Pygmy queen who prided herself on being more beautiful than Hera. The furious goddess turned her into a crane and solemnly proclaimed that her descendant birds would be in an eternal fight against the Pygmy people.

Cidippe Edit

Cidippe, a priestess of Hera, was to participate in a ceremony in honor of the goddess. Since the ox that should have been yoked to her chariot did not arrive, her two sons, Bitone and Cleobi, pulled the chariot themselves for 8 km to allow her to take part in the ritual. Cidippe was impressed by their devotion and asked Hera to reward her children with the best gift a person could receive. In response, Hera arranged for the brothers to die in their sleep without suffering.
And the most widespread interpretation of the meaning of this legend is that "no man is ever so blessed until he is dead". This is the version of the legend related by Herodotus (Stories 1.31) and which was used by the Athenian Solon to explain to King Croesus who were the happiest people in history [21].

Tiresias Edit

Tiresias was a priest of Zeus: when he was young he came across two snakes coiled between them and, with a stick, killed the female snake. He was then suddenly transformed into a woman and, having changed sex, became a priestess of Hera, married and had children (including Manto). Other versions say instead that she became a famous and skilled prostitute. After seven years, Tiresias found two more intertwined snakes and this time killed the male snake, recovering its original sex. At this point, since he had been both a man and a woman, Hera and Zeus summoned him to ask him, given that he had lived both roles, if during the love relationship the man or the woman felt more pleasure. Zeus claimed it was the woman. It was of course the opposite. When Tiresias showed willingness to confirm Zeus's thesis, Hera blinded him in anger. Zeus then, unable to remedy what his wife had done, gave him the gift of prophecy to compensate him for the damage.

A different version of the legend of Tiresias says that he was instead blinded by Athena for seeing her bathing naked, and Zeus gave him the prophecy for the pleas of his mother Chariclo.


Hera or Juno - Goddess of Greek and Latin mythology

Actaeon: Ancient god of the forests.

Hades (Greek deity): Brother of Zeus, son of Cronos and Rhea, after the victory over the Titans he divided the universe with his brothers: Zeus obtained the sky, Poseidon the sea and Hades had the underworld of the dead, the Underworld, or Tartarus. Aides means "the invisible" and it is such because the Cyclops equipped him with a helmet that made anyone who wore it invisible. He was very ugly in appearance and none of the goddesses wanted to accept him as a husband: he then raped Persephone, and gave her a pomegranate grain to eat, because whoever went down to the world of the dead and ate something there would not be able to go up among the living. Thus Persephone stayed with Hades for at least a third of the year. Hades is a cruel and merciless god, surrounded by infernal gods such as the Harpies, the Erinyes, the dog Cerberus, the cruel Charon. It prevents the Moors from re-emerging into the world of the living and the living from entering the realm of the dead. Heracles, Piritous and Theseus dared to enter his squalid kingdom and attempted to kidnap Persephone and finally Orpheus. He was identified with the Roman god Pluto.

A nteros: God of passion ..

Apollo (Greek deity): Son of Zeus and Latona, he was born with Artemis at the foot of Mount Cinto, on the island of Delos, where his mother had taken refuge because she was persecuted by Hera (or Juno): she could not have given birth on this earth, so only a he floating and sterile island called Origia accepted to welcome it and received as a reward the most famous sanctuary of antiquity dedicated to Apollo, and the name of Delos (= The brilliant). In Delphi he killed the terrible dragon Python that infested the country, and, in memory of this enterprise, the Pythian games were instituted. He loved the nymph Daphne, daughter of the river god Peneus, who fled before him until, seeing himself trapped, he begged his father to transform her: thus she became the laurel tree (in Greek Daphne precisely) which is sacred to Apollo. He also fell in love with Cassandra, Priam's daughter, who learned from him the art of divining but, having failed to respond to his love, was condemned never to be believed. He had numerous children: with the muse Talia he generated the Coribanti, with Urania he had the musicians Lino and Orpheus, with the nymph Coronides the father of Asclepius. Musical instruments are much loved by Apollo, who is also the god of music. He is a solar divinity, god of the summer sun, and as such capable of drying up the vegetation: hence his fame as a terrible and exterminating god, who strikes and kills instantly with the bow and arrows, like his sister Artemis. But he is also god of life, of health, friend of strong and beautiful young people. The wolf, the roe deer and the fawn, the swan, the kite, the vulture and the raven were sacred to him, and among the marine animals the dolphin. Laurel was particularly dear to him among the plants. The feasts in his honor were celebrated: April 16 (Hiketeria), May 7 (Thargelia), June 2 (birth of Apollo) and September 25 (Pyanopsia).

A straea : - Goddess of justice and purity. His feast takes place on December 8th.

Athena (Greek deity): Daughter of Zeus and Meti, she is identified in Rome with the goddess Minerva. According to legend, it was born from the head of Zeus. She has always been represented as the warrior goddess, armed with a spear and shield. On the shield she wore the head of the Medusa, which made anyone who looked at her stone, and on her breast the aegis with snakes. She is considered the goddess of wisdom and intelligence, and as such the inventor of the arts and sciences. He invented the plow, and the art of spinning and weaving. She was responsible for introducing olive oil to Greece, given by the goddess to Attica to have supremacy over the region.

C armen / C armine: - Deity who helps in the creation of prayers, and spells

C omus: God of Vengeance, of partying, of drinking, and of the various pleasures of the night.

Copy: - Goddess of abundance.

Cronos (Greek deity): Son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (earth), he belongs to the first generation of gods, preceding Zeus and the Olympic gods. He was the youngest of the Titans and helped his mother take revenge on her father by castrating him with a sickle. Then he became lord of the world and threw his brothers into Tartarus. He married Rhea, his sister, and with her he had the children Estia, Demeter, Hera, Pluto and Poseidon. As his children were born he devoured them, because Uranus and Gaea had predicted that one of his sons would overthrow him. Only Zeus managed to escape this fate because his mother Rhea gave birth to him secretly in Crete. When Zeus became an adult he made Cronos spit out all the children he had devoured, and they along with Zeus himself waged war on his father, who was aided by the Titans brothers. Cronos and the Titans were then chained in Tartar. The Romans identified him with Saturn, from him the Italians are called Saturnia gens. It had its throne in the Capitol and its Saturnalia festivals were celebrated from December 17 to 24 each year.

Demeter (Greek deity): Daughter of Cronos and Rhea, she is the divinity of the cultivated earth, different from Gea or Gaia which is the earth conceived as a cosmogonic element. Demeter personified the generating force of the earth, and is the goddess of wheat, identified in Italy with Ceres. She generated with Zeus her daughter Persephone, to whom she is closely linked in almost all the myths concerning her, and which constitute the central nucleus of the Eleusinian Mysteries. The attributes of Demeter are the ear and the poppy, her bird is the crane, her favorite victim is the sow, a symbol of fertility. She is often represented with torches in hand, the ones with which she went in search of her daughter Persephone kidnapped by Hades. It is celebrated: 1st February (little mysteries), 28th February and 4th October (Jejunium Cereris).

Diana: Corresponds to the Greek Artemis. She is considered the sister of Apollo and daughter of Latona and Zeus, but some traditions believe her to be the daughter of Demeter. E 'goddess of the hunt, eternally young and virgin, with her nymphs chases the wild beasts in the woods. She was also identified with Hecate, the moon goddess. Sudden deaths are attributed to his arrows. According to the ancients Diana always wandered in the mountains like the Moon, of which she was the personification, just as Apollo was that of the Sun. She was also the protector of the Amazons.

-Diana is associated with the cult of Silvanus, also called Pan. Goddess of the forests, lady of the beasts. Goddess of the Moon, sometimes defined as "with the infinite bosom". Goddess of mountains, forests, women, protector of childbirth. Patroness of the outcasts, outlaws, slaves, servants, and in general of the oppressed. Her title of Queen of the Paradise gave the Romans the title of triple Goddess. The three aspects were those of Luna Virgo, Mother of Nature and Huntress / Warrior. Diana embodies several other deities, and her name is associated with the Goddess of the Moon, Goddess of the Earth, or Goddess of the Stars.Traditionally, the Goddess of witches in Italy.

-N In ancient Italy, his main place of worship was the lake of NEmi, a volcanic lake, known as the mirror of Diana. The only way to get to the lake was his sanctuary. This deity was known for its fondness for matriarchal societies. Several witch trial documents speak of encounters with Diana. His favorite animals are the dog and the ferret. Its traditional festivals: May 26-31 and August 13 and 15.

D ianus: Consort of Diana. Faun-like fecundating god except that he is a sex god. He was also known as Kern or Cern

Dionysus (Greek deity): Figilius of Zeus and Semele, god of wine, joy and mystical delirium, also called Bacchus and in Rome identified with the Italic god Liber Pater. He was accompanied by a procession of Sileni, Bacchantes and Satyrs. Dionysus was worshiped with tumultuous and orgiastic cults, in which the geniuses of the earth and fertility were represented with masks. Theatrical performances, comedy, tragedy and satyric drama derive in part from these ceremonies. The procession of Bacchus was also called Tiasus and its feasts were celebrated four times, in the Great Dionysian, in the Antesterie, in the Lenee and in the Little Dionysian. For their licentiousness, the Roman Senate in 186 BC. forbade the Bacchanals, but it seems that Caesar had authorized the ceremonies again. These festivals took place on January 3, March 19, July 9 and September 2.

Hecate: She is a female deity with rather mysterious origins, even if Hesiod considers her to be the daughter of Asteria and Persete. His cult was part of the Orphic mysteries. It grants all kinds of favors, including benevolence and eloquence, victory and every kind of abundance to all men who invoke it, according to their activities. Later she became a kind of sorceress linked to the world of shadows, reigning over demons, summoning spirits, scaring men, wandering the streets in the night, announced by the barking of dogs. She was represented with three heads or even with three bodies.

Hephaestus (Greek deity): Son of Zeus and Hera, or according to some son of Hera alone, he sided with his mother one day when she quarreled with Zeus over Heracles, and then the father took him by the foot and threw him down from Olympus. After rolling on land for a whole day, he fell to the ground on the island of Lemnos, but was forever lame. According to another myth he was thrown from Olympus by the same Era who was ashamed of him because he was lame from birth and ugly, and was saved by Thetis who picked him up in the middle of the ocean. Hephaestus then built a throne on which anyone who sat on it remained immobilized, and this fate fell to his mother. The gods to free her called Hephaestus to Olympus and he arrived drunk and on a donkey. He is always identified as the god of fire and reigns over the volcanoes, at the bottom of which he works with the help of the Cyclops. For this he was identified by the Romans with Vulcan. Zeus gave him Aphrodite as his wife, but he had other women of extraordinary beauty, such as Aglae, the youngest of the Charites. He had many children, and contributed to the birth of Athena with a slash blow on the head of Zeus. It was celebrated in Rome during the Vulcanalia on the 23rd of August.

Helium (Greek deity): He is the personification of the Sun, son of Hyperion and Theia, brother of Eos (aurora) and Selene (moon), belongs to the generation of pre-Olympic gods. Every day he travels the sky with his chariot of fire pulled by winged horses (Piroide, Eoo, Aetone and Flegone) that send fire from his nostrils, then in the evening he retires to his golden palace. It sees everything with its penetrating light and it is impossible for men to escape its sight for this reason it is often invoked in oaths as the "eye of the world". He is represented as a beautiful young man, with blond hair and surrounded by luminous rays. He has as his wife Perseide, daughter of Oceano and Teti, with whom he had several children: the sorceress Circe, Eete, Pasiphae and Perse. He also had other children from other nymphs. In later times Elio was confused with Apollo. Famous is the statue built in his honor on the island of Rhodes and known as the Colossus of Rhodes

Enio (Greek deity): Goddess of war, companion of Ares, of whom some called her mother, others a nurse, still others a daughter. He is the personification of violence, and is depicted bleeding. In Rome it was identified with the goddess Bellona. From her Ares takes the nickname of Enialio.

Eos: Daughter of Hyperion and Theia, sister of Elio and Selene, she is the personification of Dawn: with her "pink fingers", as Homer says, she opens the gates of heaven to her brother Elio's chariot every morning. He had many loves among the gods and fathered many children among them Phaeton should be remembered. But the official husband of Eos was Astreus, with whom he generated the winds, Argeste, Zephyrus, Boreas and Noto, and the stars.

Era (Greek deity): Daughter of Cronos and Rhea, sister and later wife of Zeus, she was considered, as such, the ruler of Olympus. Identified by the Romans with Juno, she had four children by her legitimate husband: Hephaestus, Ares, Ilizia and Hebe. She was the protector of brides and parties, as the wife of the ruler of Olympus but had a quarrelsome, obstinate, jealous and vindictive character, which she showed above all on the occasion of the frequent escapades of Zeus, who easily fell in love with goddesses, nymphs and women . The peacock, the cuckoo and the conacchia were consecrated to her, and among the plants she preferred the pomegranate. It was celebrated on April 30th.

Erinyes: When Uranus was mutilated by his son Cronos, the drops of blood that fell on the earth generated these violent and primitive monsters, to which Zeus himself is subject. They are similar to the Fates and sometimes confused with the Chere. Among them three are named: Aletto, Tisifone and Megera. They live in the Erebus and are depicted as winged geniuses with the hair of snakes and with torches or whips in their hands, to torture their victims. Black sheep were sacrificed to them and offerings were made without wine. The ancients also called them Eumenides to propitiate them. The Romans instead called them Dirae or Furie. Above all, they avenge the crimes committed against the family and society but also chew the hybris or the loss by man of the consciousness of his limit. They particularly punish the murderer's crime and the killer, even if unintentional, is tortured by them in 1000 ways until he goes mad.

E rmes (Greek / Roman divinity): Son of Zeus and Maia, he was identified with the Roman Mercury. He was born on Mount Cillene south of Arcadia. Zeus made him herald of the gods and entrusted him with the task of leading the dead to Hades. All the other myths in which he is present represent him as a secondary but indispensable character for the unfolding of the facts. He was also the god of dreams and he was given libations before going to sleep. He is the god of inventions, trade, thieves, deceptions, pastures, roads, musical instruments, religious rites.In the crossroads of the streets images were placed in the form of a pillar whose upper part represented the human bust, but with very showy virile organs, called Hermes. He carries the rod, called caduceus, in his hand, has winged shoes, a wide-brimmed hat and is often represented with a lamb on his shoulders. The snake is particularly dear to him.

Eros (Greek god): He is the god of love, born, according to primitive legends, directly from Chaos, at the same time as the Earth, or, according to other legends, son of Ares and Aphrodite. It is represented winged and equipped with arrows with which it makes anyone fall in love, it is sung by poets like a cruel and capricious child who enjoys wreaking havoc in hearts. The gods however fear him because he is not respectful of any law, reckless and mischievous, he is capable of upsetting everyone's life. His adventure with Psyche is famous, with whom he fell in love and who was immortalized in Olympus as his wife. From this marriage the daughter Voluttа was born.

Estia (Greek / Roman deity): She personifies the hearth, of which she is the goddess and keeper. Daughter of Cronos and Rhea, sister of Zeus and Hera, she was eternally virgin and received a particular cult on earth in all the houses of men, and on Olympus by the gods, of which she represents the motionless center. The Romans called it Vesta and dedicated a particular cult to it, in which the priestesses had to keep the sacred fire always lit and also had to keep their virginity intact, under penalty of death. One of the Vestals, Rhea Silvia, sired Romulus and Remus by the intervention of Mars. The feasts of Vesta were called Vestalia and took place on June 9th.

Fana / Fauna: Consort of Faunus. Also called Bona Dea, and often related to Maia. Goddess of the earth, fields and fertility. She was the goddess of frility and was honored with a mysterious party in early December. This party was forbidden to men and ended in an orgy. The exact day was December 19th. It was crushed with particular vehemence by Christianity.

Faunus: Consort of Fana / Fauna. Similar to Pan, a bucolic god, also called Lupercus, "Little God", very ancient. On February 15 he was honored for Lupercalia. Its priests practiced naked rites. Protector of agriculture, beekeeping, fishing, outdoor life, forests, music and medicine. The masculine strength that fecundates the feminine one, present even in narrow places, protects natural and sacred places.

Februs: God of purification.

Flora: Sabine divinity introduced in Rome by Tito Tazio, presides over the flowering and life of all vegetation. According to Ovid she was a Greek nymph, called Chloride. One day she was seen by the god of the wind, Zephyr, who raped her and married her, entrusting her with the government of the flowers, the seeds of which she gave to men together with honey. Ovid also recounts that Juno, envious because MInerva was born from the head of Jupiter, wanted to conceive a child without the help of the male and to do so she turned to Flora, who fertilized everything with her touch. Thus Juno conceived March, which is the first month of spring.

Luck: It is the Roman goddess corresponding to the Greek Tyche, introduced into the Roman cult by Servius Tullius, who was said to have loved her secretly. She is represented with the cornucopia and with the rudder, with which she guides the life of men. She is mostly blind. It was invoked with a series of appellations referring to the various circumstances of life.

Gaea (Greek deity): also called Gaia, or Ghи, which in Greek means "earth" is precisely, as such, the primordial element that generated all the divine lineages from her womb. She was born from Uranus (the sky) with which she united, being the only element that can "cover" her entirely, and she had with him the children representing the first generation of pre-Olympic gods: the Titans, Oceano, Ceo, Crio, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronos and then the female divinities which are the Titanides, that is Theia, Rhea, Themes, Mnemosine, Phoebe, Teti. Then the Cyclops and the Hecatonchiri were born. Gaea then sired the marine deities and with Tartarus sired Typhon, a prodigious and frightening god, and Echidna. In general, all the monsters that represent the prodigious and violent forces of nature are considered his children: so were Antaeus, Charybdis, the Harpies, Python and even Fama. It was later confused with Demeter, while the Romans called her Tellus and identified her with Cybele.

Janus (Roman divinity): It is among the most ancient gods. He is depicted with two faces, facing opposite directions. Many Roman legends are linked to his figure that make him a special protector of Rome and its inhabitants. Its name is linked to its function: it guarded the doors of the house (ianua) and passages (iani), carried the keys in his hand, like a porter (ianitor), and its two faces face the entrance and exit. , to the past and to the future. The first month of the year, Ianuarius, is dedicated to him and a special cult was paid to him in a temple whose doors were always open in case of war and always closed in peacetime. It was said that Janus had married the nymph Juturna and that he had a son of her, Fons or Fontus, the god of springs. He was honored on the first day of January.

Juno (Roman divinity): She is the goddess assimilated to the Greek Hera, and was part of the Capitoline triad with Jupiter and Minerva. She also had temples where she was venerated as Moneta (the one who admonishes) and as such she would have saved Rome during the invasion of the Gauls by means of the geese consecrated to her. She was also revered as Lucina, and with that name she was the protector of births and children. She was also the patroness of married women and the Matronal feasts were celebrated in her honor on 1st March and Caprotine feasts on 7th July. Furthermore, each woman had her own Iuno, which corresponds to the Genius of men.

Gorgon: The Gorgons were winged monsters, daughters of Forco and Ceto, named Euryale, Steno and Medusa. They were horrible to look at, frightening to men and gods, and their gaze petrified. They had teeth like boar's fangs, snake hair, bronze hands, and wings of gold. Only Poseidon had dared to join Medusa whose eyes turned all who looked at her to stone. This was faced by Perseus who managed to fight it because he used the shield as a mirror to avoid having to look at it. The head of Medusa was then placed on the shield of Athena and from her neck came two beings sons of Poseidon: Pegasus and Chrysaore. Nymphs: Daughters of Zeus, they are subordinate divinities who represent the elementary forces of nature and populate the countryside, the woods, the waters. They spend their lives singing or spinning, they live in caves or in the woods, in rivers, in the sea or in those places of which they are the expression. There are the Naiads, nymphs of rivers and springs, sometimes considered descendants of Ocean or generated by the god of the river to which they are linked: they have the power to invade the mortals who see them, and they are the guardians of the sources from which they derive. The Oceanines and the Nereids are the sea nymphs, the Oreads instead of the mountains, the Dryads of the woods. Among them the Meliadi, nymphs of the ash trees. Elseids lived in the groves, and other nymphs were then referred to particular places or trees. They are secondary divinities but very tied to the life of men, and therefore they can be formidable, even if they usually personify the fecundity and the grace of nature.

Graie: They are the personification of old age, sisters of the Gorgons, they have only one eye and one tooth in common, which they lend each other in turn. They live in the land of the night.

Graces (Roman gods): Goddesses of Beauty, of joy and perhaps in ancient times of vegetation, dwell on Olympus and often entertain themselves with the Muses singing in chorus. They are known as the three sisters Eufrosine, Talia and Aglae, daughters of Jupiter and Eurinome: they are usually represented as three naked girls with their backs to each other. They often accompany Venus, Eros and Bacchus. For the Greeks they were known as Le Cariti. Chere : They represent the Destiny that follows every man from the moment of his birth, but particularly the kind of death that must be his lot, and are therefore at the side of every hero at the moment of death during battles and wars. They feed on the blood of the dead and wounded, and have a large black cloak flecked with blood. They are daughters of Nyx (the Night), and are often confused with other similar deities such as the Moira and the Erinyes.

Hymenaeus: It is the divinity that guides the wedding procession and protects the marriages. Son of one of the Muses or even of Aphrodite and Dionysus, it is said that he was a young Athenian of extraordinary beauty, who loved, unseen, a girl from the same city. One day a pirate raid took place and the Athenian girls were all kidnapped: with them Hymenaeus, who was so beautiful that he was mistaken for a female. He managed to surprise the pirates in their sleep and free the girls. He was thus able to marry the woman he loved.

The pnos: He is the personification of sleep, son of Nyx (the night) and twin of Thanatos (Death). It is considered a beneficial god, because it helps men to rest and takes away pain and fatigue. He lives in an enchanted palace and is represented with wings

Iris (Greek deity): Daughter of Taumante and Electra, she is an Oceanina, sister of the Harpies. The rainbow is represented in her, representing the link between heaven and earth, and as such she is responsible for carrying the commands of Zeus and Hera.

Jana: Common name in Sardinia to indicate a witch-fairy-goddess who lives in the mountains.

Janus: A Diotype of Roman Mythology, called Janus Pater, god of the gods, comes before Jupiter, associated with Saturn. He is honored on the first day of the year and the first month of the year has his name. Depicted as a god with two faces, with the name of Janus, he protects harmony from chaos, and his idol can be used as a protection of the doorposts.

Kern: Ancient name, in northern Italy, of the god of the forest.

The upercus: Another name of Faunus, also associated with the wolves of winter.

Maia (Greek deity): Daughter of Atlas, she was loved by Zeus on Mount Cillene, in Arcadia, where Hermes was generated. In late epoch she was identified in Rome with a goddess Maya who represented the awakening of spring, to which the month of May was dedicated and therefore became the mother of Mercury. It is honored on the 1st of May.

Mars (Roman deity): Identified with the Greek Ares, Mars was the son of Jupiter and Juno. He is the god of war and continuously participates in furious battles, in which he enjoys carnage and blood, accompanied by his sister Discordia (Eris) and by his children Fear and Terror (Deimos and Fobos). He is represented with breastplate and helmet, armed with shield, spear and sword. He has a powerful build, and his voice thunders like thunder. He was a lover of Venus, but he also often loved mortal women. The animals consecrated to Mars were the dog and the vulture. The feasts in his honor were celebrated: March 23, May 29 (Ambarvalia) and October 15.

Moire: They are the personifications of each man's destiny, the part that everyone has in this world, whether lucky or unfortunate. They were soon assimilated to the Chere, which however had a violent and bloodthirsty character. Even the gods must submit to the Moira, which represent and guard the order of the world. They were three in number: Clotho, Atropos and Lachesis. They regulated the life of every man by unwinding and winding the thread of destiny that was cut at the end of life. They are therefore depicted as spinners and are called daughters of Zeus and Themes and sisters of the Hours, or, according to another genealogy, they are daughters of the Night and are among the elementary forces of the world. They are usually remembered together with Ilizia, deity of birth and with Thyche who embodies fate. In Rome they were identified with the Parche.

M use: Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosine, they preside over song, music, dance and more generally in every form of artistic thought. In ancient times there were three: Melete, Mneme, Aoide, but subsequently they are remembered in number of nine: Clio, muse of history, Euterpe, of the sound of the flute, Thalia, of the comedy, Melpomene, of the tragedy, Terpsichore, of the dance, Erato, of the choral lyric, Polymnia, of pantomime, Urania, of astronomy, Calliope of the Epic. They protect men by granting persuasive words to kings, so that they can placate disputes and restore peace, giving them the gift of gentleness and giving everyone oblivion from pains and troubles. Their song is divine and they intervene by singing to all the festive events of the life of Olympus

Nemesis (Greek deity): Daughter of Nyx, she was loved by Zeus, who she tried to escape by transforming into different animals and eventually into a goose. It represents revenge and tends to punish the ybris, that is, every attempt to get out of the limit imposed by its own nature, and has the task of restoring order and balance whenever any excess puts it in danger. She is honored during the feast of 23 August.

Nereids: Daughters of Nereus and Doride and grandchildren of the Ocean, they are sea gods and personify the waves of the sea. They are fifty in number and most of them have a personal name although only a few have a well-defined personality. Among these Teti, the mother of Achilles, Amphitrite, the wife of Poseidon, Galatea and Orizia. The Nereids were beautiful girls who lived at the bottom of the sea in a palace shining with gold, busy spinning or weaving or singing. They rode the dolphins and rode in chariots pulled by Tritons. I am often depicted around Aphrodite coming out of the sea. His favorite animal was the owl. Many festivals were celebrated in his honor, such as the Panathenaic and the Erroforie (June 14). In Rome it was celebrated in the quinquatria between 19 and 23 March

Nereus (Greek deity): Son of Pontus (The sea wave) and Gaea, he is an old sea god, husband of Doride. He knew the future and had the power to transform himself into any species of animal or being, he was a beneficial god who protected sailors like a good old man.

Nyx (Greek deity): In Greek it means Night, of which this goddess is the personification. Daughter of the primeval Chaos, sister of the Erebus, generated the Ether and Emera (the Day), as well as Moros (The fate), the Chere, Ipnos (the Sleep), the Dreams, Momo (the Sarcasm), the Misery, the Moire, Nemesis, Apate (deception), Filote (tenderness), Ghera (old age), Eris (discord), the Hesperides (daughters of the evening). It was said that he lived at the far end of the earth, towards the west

Ocean (Greek deity): Son of Uranus and Gaea, he is the eldest of the Titans and is the personification of the water that surrounds the world. He was the father of all rivers and his sons include the Nile and the Scamander, as well as the Acheloo, the Alphaeus and almost all the rivers or rivers then known, in number of about 3000, which he had from Thetis . From Teti he also had as many daughters, the Oceanines, who personify the springs and small streams. Satyrs: Mythological beings linked to nature and wild impulses: they were represented as bearded men with goat's legs, hooves, ears and horns, or with a thick ponytail. Their appearance lost many animalistic attributes over time. They were recognized as devotees of Dionysus, with whom they drank in the woods chasing euphoric Nymphs and Maenads.Their figure was copied to represent Satan by Christians, in order to demonize the cult.

Hours: They are the divinities of the seasons, and later they also indicated the hours of the day. They are daughters of Zeus and Themes, and sisters of the Moirae. The Greeks identified two of them: Thallus, the flowering of spring and Carpo, the autumn fruiting. Later they added Axo, the summer growth. The deities of order who ensure the maintenance of society were also considered, and as such they were called Eunomia, Diche and Irene, that is Discipline, Justice and Peace. In Olympus they have different tasks. They are in the wake of Aphrodite and appear in the procession of Dionysus, they play with Persephone and in the woods they keep company with Pan. They are represented as young girls with flowers or green branches in their hands, in an attitude of dance.

Pan: God of shepherds and flocks, he is represented as a demon half man and half animal, with the feet and horns of a goat, a flattened nose, a hairy body and a tail. He has an expression of bestial cunning, a wrinkled face, unkempt hair, long beard and prominent chin. It has a great agility in climbing and runs fast, loves the coolness of the springs and the shade of the woods and during the midday hour it falls asleep under the bushes or starts spying on the nymphs. Carry the syringe, shepherd's cane, pine wreath, or pine bough in your hand. It is wild and noisy and undermines the nymphs among them in a particular way Eco. He knows the art of divination, protects sheep and goats, shepherds and warriors. There are numerous legends about his origin: Sometimes he is considered the son of Penelope, sometimes of Zeus and Aether, of Cronos or of Uranus, but sometimes of a simple shepherd, Crati. In Rome it is identified with Faun or with Silvano, god of the woods, while the Neo-Platonists made it the personification of the whole. It was celebrated on May 12th.

Persephone (Greek deity): She was the queen of the Underworld. According to a famous myth Persephone (or for the Romans Proserpina) was the daughter of Demeter and Zeus was kidnapped from her mother by Hades, the ruler of Tartarus. But Demeter did not resign herself and obtained from Zeus that her daughter return to her for a part of the year. As the daughter of Demeter she was also generously called "the girl" (Kore), under which title she was venerated together with her mother in Eleusis, in the local mystery cult. She was honored in the Little Eleusinian Mysteries on February 1st, on April 3rd her return from Tartarus was celebrated and the beginning of the period of stay with her mother, on September 22nd her return to the world of the dead was celebrated.

Pertunda: Goddess of sexual love and sexual pleasure, invoked by frigid women for pleasure.

Poseidon (Greek deity): Son of Cronos and Rhea, brother of Zeus, husband of Amphitrite from whom he had a son, Triton, was the god of the sea and lived in a palace in the depths of the sea. He was considered the younger brother of Zeus with whom he always had friendly relations. He obtained the dominion of the sea when Hades had that of the underworld and Zeus that of heaven and earth. Its power, tremendous in the expanses of the sea, also extends to lakes and running waters. When the gods divided the cult in the various cities Poseidon was unfortunate, because other gods had the dominion of cities coveted by him however Poseidon had the dominion of the most beautiful island: Atlantis. He had numerous children, usually monsters or evildoers. He was represented armed with a trident and carried on a chariot dragged by monsters half men and half snakes, and surrounded by fish, dolphins and marine creatures of all kinds. The Romans identified it in Neptune. The horse, the bull, the dolphin and the pine were sacred to him. It was celebrated on June 23 during a festival called Neptunalia. Saturn (Latin deity): Ancient Italic deity, he was often depicted with the scythe and the billhook. Legend has it that Saturn was overthrown by other gods in Greece, and for this reason he arrived in Lazio, where Rome was founded. Then he settled on the top of the Capitol, and from there he commanded the first inhabitants of the area during the golden age, bringing civilization and instituting laws. He loved Entoria and had four children. By its nature it was recognized as the Cronos of the Greeks. He was honored on March 23 and in a festival called Saturnalia which runs from December 17 to 24.

Rhea (Greek deity) : Titanide daughter of Gaea and Uranus. She married Cronos and from this she had six children: Estia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Each of his children, however, was devoured by Cronos as soon as he saw the light: he in fact knew an oracle of Uranus and Gaea who predicted the end of his reign by one of his sons. Rhea managed to save the last one, Zeus, who fulfilled the prophecy and drove the Titan gods out of the world. The feasts in his honor were celebrated: July 9, August 25 (opiconsiva).

Saturn (Latin deity): An ancient Italic deity, he was often depicted with the scythe and the billhook. Legend has it that Saturn was overthrown by other gods in Greece, and for this reason he arrived in Lazio, where Rome was founded. Then he settled on the top of the Capitol, and from there he commanded the first inhabitants of the area during the golden age, bringing civilization and instituting laws. He loved Entoria and had four children. By its nature it was recognized as the Cronos of the Greeks. He was honored on March 23 and in a festival called Saturnalia which runs from December 17 to 24.

Sirens: Being half women and half birds, they were mostly considered sea demons who attracted the boats to the rocks with music and songs and then devoured the sailors. Their origin is rather contradictory, but their island has been identified in the Sorrento peninsula. in the world of the dead

Tagni: The oldest name of the god of witches.

Burrow: Dialectal for Diana, also used in various children's games in Northern Italy, for example in hide and seek, where it is invoked as "Tana free all". Associated with freedom and the stars.

T artaro: In ancient times it was the antithetical region to the sky where Uranus, Cronos and Zeus had reunited their most powerful enemies once they were defeated. Uranus locked the Cyclops there being jealous of their strength and art Cronos freed them when he took power, but immediately locked them up and together with them also imprisoned the Hecatonchirs. Later Zeus freed both the Cyclops and the Hecatonchirs during the war against the Titans, winning it precisely for their intervention. The Titans themselves were locked up in Tartarus, where they remained guarded by the Hecatonchirs. Later the Tartarus had the function of the punishment threatened by Zeus for his enemies slowly Tartarus identified with the Erebus, and became part of the underworld as the afterlife of punishment as opposed to the afterlife of the reward represented by the Elysian Fields . It was the domain of Hades since he had it in the partition of the universe.

Thanatos (Greek deity): Son of the night and brother of sleep, he is the winged male genius who personifies Death.

Typhoon: Fabulous monster, half man and half beast, of gigantic stature and exceptional strength, son of Gaea and Tartarus. He could touch the East with one hand and the West with the Other and touch the stars with his head. It had a hundred dragon heads for fingers and viper snakes from the waist down. He had a winged body and flaming eyes, he was the father of the most impetuous winds, husband of Echidna, from whom he had Cerberus and Ortro. When the gods saw this monster for the first time they were afraid of it and fled taking on the appearance of the most varied animals. Only Athena and Zeus resisted him, but the latter was defeated by him deprived of muscles, legs and locked up in a cave. Zeus's muscles were entrusted to the dragoness Delfine in custody, but they were returned to him by Hermes and Pan. Zeus then struck Typhon with lightning and buried him alive in Etna.

Uni: The oldest divinity of the witches.

Uranus (Greek deity): It is the personification of the sky. Son of Gaea, or of the Ether and of Emera. According to the Orphic theogony Uranus and Gaea are children of the Night. Uranus is always considered the husband of Gaea, whom he covers and with her he has had a long line of sons and daughters. The genealogies of the children of Uranus are numerous and varied: in all of them he appears to be the progenitor of many divinities.

Venus (Roman deity): Goddess of beauty and love identified by the Greeks as Aphrodite. According to Greek mythology it was born, if we rely on Homer, from Zeus and Dione, according to others instead from Gea and Uranus. After her birth, in a shell she was pushed by Zephyr on the beach of the island of Cyprus: here the Hours dressed and adorned her and then took her to the Immortals who were amazed and admired by her beauty. Zeus (or Jupiter for the Latins) gave her in wife to Hephaestus (Vulcan), the lame god who was a blacksmith. Obviously Venus had several extramarital adventures, among which famous is the one with Mars (Ares) with whom she had two sons Deimos and Fobos (Fear and Terror). Among others, he loved Adonis and Anchises, from whom he had Aeneas. Venus was always accompanied by a procession of semi-divine creatures, including the Graces (or Charites), Rice, Cupids, Nymphs and doves sacred to her. Swans, hares, dolphins, turtles were also sacred to her. Among the plants he especially loved the rose, the myrtle, the apple tree and the poppy. The feasts in her honor were celebrated: February 6, July 6, May 23 (rosalia) and August 8.


Goddess of Roman war

Bellona Ancient Roman goddess of war (in lat. Bellum). Probably of Sabine origin, a temple was dedicated to her by Appius Claudius Blind in 296 BC, outside the pomerium, in the Campo Marzio in front of it stood the Columna bellica, around which a symbolic rite of declaration of war to the enemies was celebrated (feziale ) Minerva, (Athena for the Greeks) daughter of Jupiter and his first wife Metis, was the Roman goddess of war, wisdom, poetry and medicine as well as protector of the artisans Victoria depicted on a coin of the Roman Republic Solido with the effigy of the Roman emperor Constantine II and Victory bearing a laurel wreath and a palm tree. Vittoria (Latin: Victoria), in Roman mythology is the goddess personifying victory in battle and was associated with Bellona God of violent war, violence, bloodshed, military strategy and just war (only among the Romans) of the anger, of nature, of thunder. Artemis. Diana. Goddess of hunting, wilderness, the crescent moon, children, virgin girls. Athena Even her name shows her importance since in Latin bellum means war, from the name of this Goddess. In the temple of Bellona, ​​which had snakes in its hair and held a bloody whip in its hand, the Romans began and ended their military campaigns

Bellona in the Treccan Encyclopedia

Laran, god of war. Menrva, goddess of war, art, wisdom and health (from which the Latin Minerva originates). Germans. Woden, god associated with wisdom, war, battle, and death, and also magic, poetry, prophecy, victory, and hunting Artemis was the daughter of Zeus (the Jupiter of the Romans) and Latona: her mother had given birth to her in Delos together with her brother Apollo, with whom she has many features in common. Goddess of the hunt, she was armed with a bow and, accompanied by nymphs, frequented woods, mountains and cool clearings (the Goddess Fortuna helps the strong!) Motto impetuous. - Heb Hep Hierusalem! Attributed to some Roman units after the destruction of Jerusalem. - Hodie rudit leo (Today the lion roars). Victory cry - Lupae filii sumus! (We are children of the she-wolf!) Shout for spur in battle. - Or Romans, sumus filii Lupae Capitolinae The goddess Roma is a figure of Roman mythology who, since the second century BC, was the divinity who personified the city of Rome and, more generally, the Roman state. There is a plurality of hypotheses on the origin of the term Rome, including the derivation from the ancient Greek ρώμη that is to say rome which can be translated with force or from the Etruscan word Rumon with which the river Tiber was called by the Etruscans. According to the oldest tradition, she was a Trojan prisoner whom he accompanied.

Who was Minerva? Know

The goddess of the hunt Artemis for the Romans was Diana (from the Latin adjective dia resplendent, luminous), while the intelligent protector of the arts and sciences (the Greek Athena) in Rome was Minerva. Elio and Selene were revered as Sun and Moon, true personifications of the two stars Athena for the Greeks, Minerva for the Romans, goddess of wisdom, of wisdom, of war. Athena - Greek deity Immediately after dethroning Cronus, Zeus joined Metis, who became pregnant. Gaea and Uranus informed Zeus that, after giving him a daughter, Metis would give birth to a son stronger than his father destined to overthrow him. Goddess of the hearth and of the house, he ceded his throne on Olympus to Bacchus. She was a virgin and very humble goddess. In the Roman period, a group of priestesses who consecrated themselves to the goddess assumed great importance, also thanks to the creation of the order of the Vestals. Its symbol was a crane. Greek form: Estia. MINERV The vicissitudes of Aeneas, his wanderings and the new city he founded in Italy made Venus very important for the Romans, so much so that she became the protector of the people Julia, to whom Augustus belonged, and of his successors who descended from Julius, son of Aeneas and therefore grandson of the goddess

Associated with the name of Minerva in mythology Roman, Athena was there Goddess of the War daughter of Zeus and of the goddess of the prudence and wisdom Goddess of the military strategy e of the war just (only among the Greeks), and also of the wisdom, useful arts, crafts and ingenuity The Goddess Salus guaranteed health and well-being both to the citizen and to the entire Roman state and was represented as a young and beautiful woman holding a cup of water, perhaps water of life , but also the water so useful for the health of the Romans, such as aqueducts, spas, baths and canalizations. The feast in her honor was celebrated on March 30th Warrior goddess par excellence, Athena, the Roman Minerva, is the alter ego of Ares, the savage lord of battles and conflicts. Daughter of Zeus and Meti La Prudente, Athena merged the prerogatives of her two illustrious parents Aeneas (Αἰνείας), hero of the Trojan War and ancestor of the Romans. Ajax Telamonius (Αἰας ὁ Μέγας), hero of the Trojan war and king of Salamis. Ajax Oileo (Αἰας ὁ Μικρός), hero of the Trojan war at the head of the Locrian fighters Goddess of beauty, desire and love. In Roman mythology: goddess of gardens and fields. Apollo, Phoebus: Apollo: God of prophecy, medicine and artistic inspiration and later god of the Sun. Ares: Mars: God of war. Artemis: Diana: Goddess of the hunt. She was also goddess of the moon. Asclepius: Aesculapius: God of.

Greco-Roman mythology Achilles, leader of the Myrmidons in the war against Troy, son of King Peleus and the marine goddess Tethys, was a demigod. Legendary Greek hero, he is the main character of Homer's poem. Among the most famous episodes, the ambush in Troilo is remembered here. The most beautiful, as well as the most valiant of heroes. Born from the head of Zeus, god of the gods, Athena is the goddess of wisdom, science, justice and civilization. She is also goddess of war. Aura. This beautiful name refers to the goddess ... Its equivalent in Greek mythology is Enio. Also according to tradition, it would be the wife of Mars is represented as a charioteer, who sits on a chariot brandishing a torch, or a spear [Minerva (lat. Minerva) Ancient Italic divinity, entered early, probably through the Etruscans, in the group of the gods of the Romans was later identified with the Greek Athena. His cult was introduced in Rome probably at the time of the Tarquins. With Jupiter and Juno he was part of the Capitoline triad. After the capture of Falerii (241) a temple was dedicated, on the Celio, to Minerva.

Find goddess of war for sale from a large selection of on eBay. Immediately at home, in complete safety The goddess of love and beauty, who was Aphrodite, what is the meaning of her Greek and Roman name, images and symbol and why it is often also a tattoo Athena (in Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, transliterated in Athēnâ ), or Pallas, Zeus's favorite daughter, is the Greek goddess of wisdom, arts and war. Warrior goddess and virgin, she has various functions: she defends and advises heroes, instructs industrious women, guides the judges of the courts, inspires artisans, protects children

Bona Dea Roman deity venerated in the Kalends of May in his temple on the Aventine, and on the night between 3 and 4 December in the house of the magistrate in charge, where he received a sacrifice and a libation from the magistrate's wife, matrons and Vestals . Men were banned from the ceremony. According to the myth the goddess, who traditionally is Fauna, was the wife, daughter or sister of. The Goddess of War is a fantasy novel that is part of the Avalon Cycle, Plot. Britannia. 40-61 AD The Romans threaten to invade Britain, divided into tribes and lacking the strength and cohesion needed to prevent it. A girl of noble lineage, named Boudica, daughter of the leader of the Iceni, was sent to. Roman mythology is for the most part indebted to the Greek one, of which it takes up almost all the divinities by giving them a Latin name and sometimes adding new symbolic nuances to it, on the basis of the cultural specificities of Latin civilization. In the late imperial period, moreover, Roman mythology was enriched with figures of oriental origin, such as the Persian Mithras. The solution for the definition FOR ROMANS WAS THE GODDESS OF WAR was found in our search engine. Come and find out the answer on cruciv.i

Victory (deity) - Wikipeds

  1. Goddess of wisdom, arts and military strategies. Affiliation. Olympic gods. Athena (in Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, transliterated in Athēnâ), or Pallas, the favorite daughter of Zeus, is the Greek goddess of wisdom, arts and war. Warrior goddess and virgin, she has various functions: she defends and advises heroes, she educates women.
  2. For the Romans she was the goddess of war. This crossword puzzle is part of the CodyCross Transports Group 120 Puzzle 3 Pack Answers. Here you can find all the answers for the CodyCross game. This is a very popular game developed by Fanatee which is finally available in Italian too
  3. All the more, therefore, grant, O goddess, an inextinguishable pleasure to words. In the meantime, let the ferocious occupations of war, by sea and every land, extinguished, calm down. In fact, you alone can benefit mortals with a quiet peace, because the ferocious occupations of war rule warlike Mars, which often abandons itself on your womb.
  4. The correspondences between Greek and Roman divinities are the most visible sign of a religious and cultural continuum among the populations that have orbited around the Mediterranean Sea and that have pushed towards the north of Europe. On the basis of this thesis, the various pantheons and religious cults have differentiated over time and according to the cultural characteristics of each people.
  5. The Goddess of Harmony is part of the deities of the Greco-Roman pantheon, she is known as the goddess of harmony and concord. It was conceived in an adulterous relationship between the goddess Aphrodite and the god Ares and as such it has taken possession of some of their characteristics, in fact it presides over conjugal harmony, disperses conflicts and discord, and dispenses harmony even among soldiers in war

Correspondence between Greek and Roman gods - Wikipeds

Freyja - goddess associated with love, beauty and magic, shamanism, Seiðr, sacrifice, war, death, and sexuality. Freyr - worshiped as a fertility deity with phallic symbolism, his primary duty was said to be to bestow peace and pleasure upon mortals. Frigg - goddess of marriage, married women, family duty, and divination Ishtar, the goddess of love and war - Tanogabo.it. admin Archeology | Mythology | Various 12/08/2019 11/01/2021. British Museum - Burney relief, Queen of the Night, person portrayed: Lilith, or Inanna / Ishtar or Ereshkigal - Wikipedia, public domain. Ishtar the Great Mother is naked, as Truth does not need to cover herself with veils No less than the goddess of war and intelligence, she is also known as the daughter of Jupiter and is represented with a spear, a shield and a helmet. Bacchus. He was the Roman god of wine. Venus.The goddess of love born from the foam of the sea is undoubtedly one of the most popular, she also represents fertility and beauty

Warrior goddesses - The Circle of Lun

  1. the. They lived on Mount Olympus, and the clouds that enveloped the top prevented them
  2. The god of war. War, in the ancient world, was very frequent and military activity was one of the most practiced occupations by man. Each people, therefore, had its own god of war, who protected the soldiers in battle and was the symbol of virtue and strength. The Greeks and Romans also had their own god of war
  3. The Pax Romana. Augustus proclaimed the beginning of the Pax Romana in 29 BC, after the end of the bloody civil wars. The Pax Romana, also called Pax Augusti, is the long period of peace imposed on the states within the Roman Empire thanks to the seizure of power by Octavian Augustus and therefore also called Pax Augustea
  4. Minerva was the goddess of wisdom of Roman mythology, daughter of Jupiter and Metis who was the goddess of prudence. Minerva symbolizes the arts and techniques of warfare, she was the protector of the city of Rome, and was also the patroness of the artisans who represented an important race in this city. Among the Roman gods, this was very relevant because its mission was to.
  5. For example, Athena, as the goddess of wisdom, was highly respected by the Greeks. However, the Romans did not respect so much Minerva, Athena's counterpart. For them, Bellona, ​​Goddess of War was more important as the Romans were a nation that was interested in wars. Bellona has no Greek counterpart

THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODS. CUPID OR EROS. CUPIDO (Rome) Latin cupid, from cupere, to covet, in Roman mythology, son of Venus, goddess of love, and of Vulcan, god of fire.Known above all as the young and beautiful god who fell in love with Psyche, a beautiful girl Minerva: Roman goddess of war Inventor of music, she protected artisans and intellectual activities. For the Greeks it was born from the head of Zeus and was called Athena. Beautiful among the beautiful, Athena disputed the title of beautiful with the goddesses Hera and Aphrodite from which the Trojan War originated

Divinity of War - Wikipeds

  • Roman Mythology - Names of the Roman Gods. Roman Mythology - Roman Gods. Roman Mythology - Roman Protectors. Names of the Nymphs. The myth of Heracles. The ancient Greek tragedies. Greek Tragedies - Atreus and Tieste. Greek Tragedies - Medea, Phaedra and Alcestis. Myths and Heroes - The Trojan War
  • For example, Athena, as the goddess of wisdom, was highly respected by the Greeks. However, the Romans did not respect much Minerva, the counterpart of Athena. For them, Bellona, ​​the goddess of war was more important as the Romans were a nation interested in wars. Bellona has no Greek counterpart
  • and of uncertain significance, perhaps to be understood as the one who throws the rod. Athena was the goddess of wisdom, arts and sciences, protector of the city of Athens, where a temple, the Parthenon, was dedicated to her, and where, every year, a procession was held in her honor

Diana in Children's Encyclopedia - Treccan

Among the goddesses of Greek Olympus stands the figure of Pallas Athena (identified by the Romans with Minerva), born of Zeus by pathogenesis. According to the myth, Pallas Athena emerged from the skull of Zeus. Roman society: general characteristics, economy, classes, culture, games and shows. Curated by Bianca Dematteis. History and characteristics of the Roman society that profoundly changed over the course.

ROMAN WAR MOTTS Romano empire

  1. ata Diana in Roman mythology. Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo, born therefore from the extramarital union between Zeus and Lato. Goddess of hunting, game and woods, she was also worshiped.
  2. A brief but complete note that tells the story of the feared Mars, the god of war, both in the Greek and Roman concepts.
  3. Husband of Hera, Hades, (Roman Putone), son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Zeus, god of the Underworld, over whom he reigns with his wife Persephone kidnapped by him., Athena, (Roman Minerva), daughter of Zeus and Meti, came out armed from the head of Zeus who had swallowed his mother. Virgin goddess of war, wisdom, arts and sciences
  4. ili inspired by the Greek and Roman goddesses. For pregnant couples looking for a fem name

DEMETRA. Goddess of fertility and agriculture, usually associated with everything that had to do with birth and healthy growth.According to the Greeks it was Demeter who favored the crops and the flowering of fruit trees. Demeter was also the mother of Persephone, the girl kidnapped by Hades in search of her daughter, the goddess launched a terrible famine on the earth, thus forcing Zeus. later she became the goddess of wisdom and war She was often associated with birds, especially the owl, gave mortals the invention of the plow and the flute, the arts of building ships, making shoes, domesticating animals and the olive tree. Legend has it that it was precisely for the gift of the olive tree that the principal Athena was dedicated to her, as a warrior goddess she participated in numerous enterprises: she sided with her father in the war against the Titans, she was a judge in the dispute between Aphrodite and Hera, she sided with the Greeks during the Trojan war after the fall of Troy he helped Ulysses in his adventures directed the construction of the ship Argo helped Perseus in his fight against Medusa and many other enterprises

The religion of the Romans - Pairings. Lari - had the task of protecting the house and family, Penates - had to make sure that the pantry was always full and the family united, Mani - spirits of deceased ancestors, Jupiter - was the most important god of all, the god of sky that the Greeks called Zeus, Diana - was the goddess of. Answers for the definition * Was part of the Roman province of Illyria * for crosswords and other puzzle games like CodyCross. Answers for crosswords starting with the letters B, BO. It is the ancient name of the coastal region of the Adriatic between Istria and Epirus Essentially the Roman gods can be classified under two categories: the indigetes gods and the novensiles gods, who were assimilated later. The indigetes divas were the native Roman gods, from their qualities and festivities it can be easily deduced that the ancient Romans, despite being part of a substantially agricultural community, were lovers of war and combat

Rome (divinity) - Wikipeds

History, mythology and legend of Hera, Goddess of Marriage and Love. Sister and wife of Zeus, Hera was worshiped as the goddess of marriage. Associated with the name of Juno from Roman mythology, she is more generally venerated as the goddess of love. Associated with her figure we find some sacred symbols such as the cow and the peacock Answers for definition * The last Latin goddess * for crosswords and other puzzle games like CodyCross. Answers for crosswords starting with the letters S, SP. She is the personification of Hope in Roman mythology The goddess of wisdom. Athena was a warrior goddess (since she was born already an adult, as a baby she even helped her father fight the war against the Giants) and was considered invincible but her war was one conducted with order and prudence, not the ferocious and bloody one of Ares. his strength was tempered by wisdom and a sense of justice. This is why it is defined. She was represented with a matronly and maternal aspect a) Junion b) Vulcan c) Diana d) Venus 8) the artisans turned to her to invoke protection, but she was also and above all the goddess of war a) Venus b) Vulcan c) Diana d ) Minerva 9) Protected the waters and wells, was the god of the sea a) Mani b) Mars c) June d) Neptune 10) represents the love for the Romans a) Diana b.

Roman Mythology - Names of the Ancient Roman Gods

  1. Report includes: Contact Info, Address, Photos, Court Records & Review
  2. Bellona Goddess of war, who fought in the front row with the Romans. Bona Dea for the good crops. Bonus Eventus God of success and luck. Bubona Goddess protector of oxen. Caca ancient Goddess of fire Cacus God of fire, who however protected from fires. Caelestis protectress of births Caelus, god of the skies. Cama, prescient Goddess.
  3. Hebe, goddess of eternal youth, was the daughter of Zeus and Hera, as well as sister of Ares (god of war), Hephaestus (god of fire) and Ilizia (goddess of birth). Hebe was the handmaid and cup-holder of the gods, she had the task of serving them the nectar and ambrosia, the food and drink that the gods ate to remain immortal and young
  4. In Roman mythology, Cupid represents love and undoubtedly, he is one of the best known beings in all parts of the world. Son of Venus (goddess of beauty) and Mars (god of war), he is depicted as a man with wings, bows and arrows. In Greek etymology, its name means: desires, cravings or passion. Birth

Athena or Minerva - Greek and Latin Mythology - Study Rapid

Venus (in Latin Venus) was a Roman goddess, which is equivalent to the Greek Aphrodite. She was one of the most important goddesses, considered deities of love, fertility, and beauty. She would have been born not from carnal union but from the seed of Uranus, when the genitals of the same, cut by the son Cronus, fell into the sea and created the foam from the [Mythology - Ishtar, goddess of love and war The corresponding divinity in Egypt was Isis. Ishtar is a personification of that force of nature that .. in the photo: Depiction of the goddess Fortuna preserved in the Museum of Roman Civilization. However, beyond the legends, it was from ancient times that the city of Rome began to fill up with ..

. but only violent and bloody asçrtti. Ares is exalted in the outbursts of fury and the Greeks said he was a God of whom one did not p'teva Ares is remembered as. Among his animals s.-ri c il and the vulture Jupiter: Roman divinity corresponding to the Greek Zeus. Jupiter had in Rome the first place among the gods, like Zeus among the Greeks but the Roman Jupiter is in a higher position, as the main god of the Roman people and throughout the state, in all cities like Juppiter Optimus Maximus (Jupiter Optimal Maximus). The attributions of Jupiter largely correspond to those of the. Con romana: Ancient Roman coin A Roman road with catacombs Roman Hollywood The Roman fountain in La dolce vita Ancient Roman ship The Roman road that reaches Ascoli. With goddess: The goddess of the sea mother of all rivers A goddess of the Phoenicians The goddess who came to Earth The goddess of hunting Mythical goddess with the cornucopia A goddess loved by Zeus The Sicilian location with the goddess of. Ishtar, goddess of war and love was the wife of Anu. Marduk, son of Ea, was appointed protector of Babylon. His cult spread between 2000 and 1000 BC, as the .. The name Aurora was chosen by Tsar Nicholas II in homage to the goddess of Roman mythology. Archive photo The first great conflict in which the Aurora participated it was the Russo-Japanese War.

, in a people so proud of themselves as the Romans were, the goddess Victoria also in Greece there was an analogous goddess, who was called Nike (or Niche): but for the Greeks she was a minor personality, while the Romans (and in particular the generals when they returned victorious from a war), with a decidedly more warlike spirit, treated Victoria as a real star Ares had numerous loves, among them Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty, wife of Hephaestus. the fright, and Phobos, the terror .. Ares for the Romans is Mars. Rome identified Ares with Mars, much more human and benevolent. Among the Romans, he was originally the god of agriculture and the first month of the ancient Roman calendar was dedicated to him.

Dike is the justice of the group, the justice of the state. Dike is what the Latins also called Iustitia, and which spread justice and virtue to men. Solon, first, elected archon in 594, creates a common space (koinon) the polis where he requires everyone not to transgress the limits of justice with excessive demands (pleonexia) by committing ibris and where, according to. A note of Italian for high schools that describes who some mythological characters are, that is the famous gods of Olympus important for the ancient Greeks Greco-Roman mythology - Athena (Minerva): goddess of arts, war and wisdom Athena was, together to Zeus, the most revered divinity of Greek Olympus, and his cult permeated practically all .. The creative goddess par excellence (the Roman Juno) for the Etruscans is called Uni the virgin goddess, patroness of arts and knowledge (the Roman Minerva) for the Etruscans is Menerva and the goddess of love, equivalent to Venus, is Turan: the root tur-, the same as the tower and the tyrant, indicates domination: Turan is the Lady, the one who commands the hearts of beings humans The Romans, just like the Greeks, were polytheists, they worshiped many gods to whom they attributed powers and skills in different fields, the Roman and Greek deities were often differentiated only in name and represented the same entities with the same influences. on humanity, with the exception of Apollo, the Greek god of music and poetry, medicine and prophecy that he did not have.

What is the difference between Greek gods and Roman gods? Although the Greek gods are probably best known, Greek and Roman mythology often have the same gods with different names because many of the Romans are borrowed from Greek mythology, often with different traits. For example, Cupid is the Roman god of love and E. Rome, an empire, but above all an army. A people of fighters and leaders who made the military body a real strength and identity. Ancient Rome during the monarchy and the Republic was all this: an army. To make this all work, however, the Romans had. Athena is the favorite daughter of Zeus, the result of one of his many betrayals with the goddess of wisdom Metis an oracle had said that the son who would be born of Metis, would have ousted. For example, Ares is the Greek god of war. The Romans accept Mars as the god of war. The Romans recognize Mars as the god of fertility. According to the Greeks, Ares is a very strong and terrifying God due to the fact that he is the true God of incarnate war. More than Romans The Romans have lived in the Roman Empire since 800 BC

From my point of view, the fact that one of the 2 protagonists of this novel is a historical character who really existed gave strength to the novel, already in the other volumes the plot intertwined with the fictional characters some historical characters but they were almost always side characters that little weight had in the economy of history, The Goddess of War tells the story of Queen Boudicca who led an uprising of the Breton tribes against the Roman conquerors and that although. For this reason, this beautiful deity influences infidelity, because she had many lovers like Mars, the god of war with whom she had several children. Romulus, Adonis, Poseidon, Mercury and Aeneas were his other business Answers for definition * A deity from Roman mythology * for crosswords and other puzzle games like CodyCross. The answers for the crossword puzzles that begin with the letters P, PL The Social War, from the Latin socius, ally, will last from 91 to 88 BC, fought between Rome and the municipia of Italy which had been allied with the Roman people until then. ROMAN CITIZENSHIP Being a Roman citizen entailed many important privileges, variable throughout history, with different degrees of citizenship 1) the king of the underworld and the lord of riches a) mars b) jupiter c) volcano d) pluto e) mercury f) neptune 2) the king of all the roman gods a) mars b) jupiter c) volcano d) pluto e) mercury f) neptune 3) god of waters and currents, of the sea and earthquakes a) mars b) jupiter c) volcano d) pluto e) mercury f) neptune 4) god of earthly destructive fire a) mars b) jupiter c.

Roman gods - The names and main characteristics

  • ili
  • Download this stock image: Athena Greek Goddess of Wisdom and War Roman copy after the statue of Kresilas 430 BC marble - DPB4W5 from the Alamy library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors
  • Ares: the God of War Ἄρης, Greek for Ares (Mars in Roman religion and culture), was one of the main characters of Greek religion and mythology. He was the son of Zeus and Hera. He was a god of war, more precisely of blood and struggle. Half-brother of the goddess Athena, both are gods of war, but there is a distinction: [
  • Romans gererent = (indirect speech), the Romans should not have waged war either in Africa or outside Africa || Bocchus cum peditibus postremam Romanorum aciem invadunt = Bocco together with the infantrymen attacks the Roman rearguard || ubi animadverterunt nulli occasions fraudis Romanum patere = when they understood that the Romans did not offer a chance for cunning.
  • All the goddesses were jealous of her beauty, in fact she was the most beautiful of the goddesses, more beautiful even than Hera herself. Its corresponding Roman name is Venus. Ares: he was the god of war, bloodthirsty and brutal, he was disliked by all the gods, including his father Zeus fell in love with Aphrodite and had Eros from her
  • The goddess Minerva. Roman deity of war and wisdom, associated with Athena, her counterpart in Greek mythology. Legend has it that Jupiter ate his first wife Metida when she became pregnant because he was predicted that a possible child would surpass him in wisdom and power.
  • God of war perhaps of Thracian origin. Identified by the Romans with Mars. His cult, devoid of the moral and social laws of the most important deities, was not very popular and widespread. ARTEMIS Greek goddess of fertility and hunting. Identified by the Romans with Diana, she was the most popular of all the deities

GREEK AND ROMAN MYTHS: ANALOGIES AND DIFFERENCES. In the reading of Greek and Roman myths, the confusion between Greek and Roman gods is frequent, but not entirely justified.In fact, in the first period of the history of Rome, before the encounter with the Greek civilization, the Romans had their own divinities, different from those of the Mediterranean neighbors and it was only towards the end of the Republic that the divinities. . Nuada represented the good king handed down by mythology, that is the one who directed the battle from afar, Ogma instead was the real war field, he represented the real champion

Video: Venus - - Roman Mythology - - Between History and Myth


Difference between the Greek goddess Artemis and the Roman goddess Diana

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Greek goddess Artemis versus the Roman goddess Diana

The Greek goddess Artemis and the Roman goddess Diana are goddesses of the hunt and the moon. These two gods have many similarities to each other. Diana is considered equal to Artemis and vice versa.

According to Roman mythology, Diana is considered the goddess of the wild or the hunt. It was closely related to the forest and animals. She is also considered a virgin goddess who protected women and virgins. Diana was one of three deities, including Vesta and Minerva, who had sworn not to marry.

Mythology says that Diana was born on the island of Delos along with Apollo, her twin brother. She is the daughter of Latona and Jupiter.

Artemis is the Greek goddess of the wild, hunting, wilderness, animals, virginity, childbirth and young girls. She is often described as a huntress with a bow and arrow. According to Greek mythology, Artemis was born to Leto and Zeus.

Diana was related to the word divios, which means sky. The name Artemis was related to artemes which means butcher which means safety or artomos.

The famous cults of Artemis were on Delos Island, Attica and Sparta. Diana had her famous cult in Aricia.

Both Diana and Artemis are portrayed alike. They are portrayed as young women. When depicting the goddess of the hunt, Diana and Artemis were seen in short dress with a bow and quiver on the shoulder. They are also shown with a hunting dog or deer. When depicted as the Moon Goddess, both goddesses are portrayed in a veil covering their face.

  1. According to Roman mythology, Diana is considered the goddess of the wild or the hunt. It was closely related to the forest and animals. She is also considered a virgin goddess who protected women and virgins.
  2. Artemis is the Greek goddess of the wild, hunting, wilderness, animals, virginity, childbirth and young girls.
  3. Mythology says that Diana was born on the island of Delos along with Apollo, her twin brother. She is the daughter of Latona and Jupiter.
  4. According to Greek mythology, Artemis was born to Leto and Zeus.
  5. The famous cults of Artemis were on the island of Delos, Attica and Sparta. Diana had her famous cult in Aricia.
  6. The word Diana has been related to the word divios, which means sky. The name Atemis was related to artemes which means butcher which means safety or artomos.


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