Such an incredibly beautiful plant as the miltonia orchid is very popular with flower growers who are happy to grow it at home. This amazing plant was named after a very famous orchid collector, Englishman Milton.
Such a herbaceous plant is a perennial and is directly related to the rather extensive orchid family. In nature, it can be most often found in the forests of Colombia and Brazil.
Some time ago, this genus united all species growing in the valleys and mountainous regions of Central America, as well as Brazil. However, at the moment, such mountain plants are separated into a separate genus - miltoniopsis. The miltonia plant, on the other hand, prefers to grow in lowlands, in places with a rainy climate.
Such a plant has a sympodial growth pattern and is epiphytic. So, this orchid has aerial roots and stems, with pseudobulbs located at the base. Its rather long leaves have a very interesting color, which is similar to yellow or gray. Flowers can be painted in a wide variety of color shades. At the same time, extremely unusual patterns similar to the wings of a butterfly are placed on the surface of the petals.
This plant has false bulbs, from which several stems grow, outwardly somewhat reminiscent of a panicle. They can vary in color. So, they are pink, white, red or yellow.
Seeing such a plant for the first time, the last thing that can come to mind is that it is exotic. And all because it has a very attractive, but quite simple look. Florists often call it pansies, because their flowers are very similar in color and shape.
This genus unites about 20 species of various plants, and there are also hybrids, with the most popular being miltassia.
Miltonia orchid care at home
This genus of orchids is relatively easy to grow at home. To do this, you just need to follow all the rules for care.
It needs warmth and good lighting, but the light should be diffused. Miltonia can also grow quite calmly in partial shade. With sufficient light, the leaf blades have a pinkish tint. The leaves should not be exposed to direct rays of the sun, as they can leave burns on their surface.
In the spring-summer period, the plant is recommended to be grown in a room with a temperature not higher than 20 degrees, and in winter - no more than 18 degrees. A sharp change in temperature can negatively affect the condition of the plant. The maximum temperature difference at which the orchid will feel quite comfortable is 3 or 4 degrees. Frequent ventilation is recommended, but experts advise protecting the flower from drafts.
The fact that the temperature regime is not suitable for a given plant can be understood by the state of its leaf plates, which begin to shrink into an "accordion". At the same time, the number of shoots is reduced, they become smaller and grow extremely slowly.
Miltonia will feel great with an air humidity of about 70 percent. It should be remembered that the humidity should not be less than 60 percent, as this has an extremely negative effect on the orchid. So, her growth slows down, and flower stalks begin to dry out. It should be remembered that the warmer it is in the room, the higher the humidity should be. To increase it, you can place an open vessel filled with water in the immediate vicinity of the flower, and also pour moistened pebbles into the pan. Also, do not forget about regular and fairly frequent airing.
How to water
In the spring-summer period, there is an intensive growth, in this regard, it is necessary to water the plant abundantly at this time. Make sure that the soil mixture does not dry out completely, and also be sure to drain the liquid accumulated in the pan. Otherwise, it can lead to the death of miltonia.
Watering is recommended using the "hot shower" method. For this, water is used with a temperature of 45 degrees. Such a shower reminds the plant of rains in the places where it comes from. After watering, wait until all the liquid has drained, and then wipe the leaf plates dry.
In winter, the amount of watering should be reduced.
Fertilizers should be applied to the substrate once every 2 weeks, following the instructions. The use of foliar dressings is allowed - this is when the leaves are sprayed with water, with nutrients dissolved in it. If the plant blooms profusely, then it means that you are feeding correctly.
Typically, the dormant period begins after the pseudobulbs mature. At the same time, young and old processes should become the same size. At this time, the orchid needs coolness (up to 15 degrees), and watering should also be reduced.
Experts advise to rearrange the flower for this period in a cool and fairly dry place. The duration of this period is about 8 weeks. In summer, you can hang the container with the plant in the shade of the trees in the garden. In winter, Miltonia also has a dormant period, during which growth slows down and flowering almost stops. It is necessary to start taking care of the plant normally after young flower stalks appear.
Transplanted 1 or 2 times a year. It is recommended to do this immediately after the beginning of flowering, while the size of young shoots should reach 5 centimeters. More frequent transplants are not recommended.
The root system removed from the old pot must be cleaned of the substrate. At the same time, such a procedure should be carried out as carefully as possible. If necessary, take a larger container.
The drainage is laid out at the bottom, as well as in the center of the container (it is better to take it from plastic). The soil should be loose with pine chips, impurities and crushed charcoal. The first watering after transplanting is recommended in 2–4 days, and before that it is necessary to moisten the foliage as often as possible.
Young sprouts should not be deeply buried in the soil.
Orchid and Miltonia orchids. Transfer, planting in new soil.
You can propagate it vegetatively. Pinch off a shoot from an adult shoot (at least 3 pseudobulbs must be present on it) and plant it in a separate pot.
Diseases and pests
The plant is most often home to whiteflies, thrips and scale insects.
- Thrips - love warmth and dryness. On the front side of the leaves, grayish dots are formed. The foliage itself takes on a silvery hue.
- Whiteflies - whitish or yellowish spots are formed on the seamy side of the leaves. Over time, the foliage becomes colorless, and then acquires a brown tint. After that, the flower dies.
- Scabbards - brownish plaques form on the surface of foliage and shoots, leaving sticky.
Miltonia orchid care
Miltonia brilliant (Miltonia spectabilis)
This plant is versatile as it can grow peacefully in both warm and cold conditions. Slightly elongated pseudobulbs are flattened laterally. The yellowish leaves have a belt-like shape. Quite large flowers are often painted white and yellow. And also there are pink flowers with purple streaks. It blooms in late summer and autumn.
The homeland of such an orchid is Argentina. It has double-leaved pseudobulbs and peduncles, which can bear no more than 14 snow-white patterned flowers. Pointed leaves have a straw color. This miltonia blooms from March to August.
Miltonia snow-white (Miltonia сandida)
From one bulb, 1 or 2 peduncles grow, which bear no more than 5 fragrant and rather large flowers. In this case, the cups are wavy and colored yellow. On the surface of the petals there are small brownish or reddish spots.
Thin leaves have a glossy surface. The peduncle bears no more than 6 fragrant white flowers. On the pink lip, there are stripes of purple hue.
This hybrid was created by crossing brassia with miltonia. The petals of lovely flowers are not the usual rounded shape, but a little elongated. They are collected in a panicle inflorescence and outwardly similar to many spider legs.
Also very popular are such species as Parusovidnaya, Delightful, Phalaenopsis, Ruzla, and hybrids - Odontonia, Degarmoara.
Orchid "Pansies" or Miltonia: home care for a spectacular and sophisticated representative of the orchid family
The Pansies Orchid is a very beautiful plant. The petals and lip are in many ways similar to the popular garden flower Violet tricolor, but the size of the elements is much larger. Miltonia is one of the most spectacular members of the orchid family. The combination of pink, lilac, white, purple colors with rich greenery creates a festive mood.
What conditions does an exotic Miltonia orchid plant need for successful growth? Home care consists of basic activities. Features of cultivation, varieties, measures to protect a flower from diseases and pests are described in the article.
- Miltonia: species and varieties
- Snow white
- Home care
- Location and choice of flowerpot
- Soil and drainage
- Planting and transplanting
- Content temperature and humidity
- Watering and spraying
- Lighting and supplementary lighting
- Top dressing and fertilizers
- Flowering and resting period
- Reproduction methods
- Care errors and their elimination
- Diseases and pests, control methods
- Miltonia orchid in the house: signs and superstitions
What does Miltonia orchid look like?
Miltonia (Miltonia) - one of the many genera belonging to the Orchid family (Orchidáceae). It got its name in honor of the British aristocrat who was one of the first to collect these extraordinary plants - Adligen Milton. The first representative of the genus (miltonia brilliant) was described in 1837 by the famous botanist John Lindley. The natural habitat of the plant is Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Central America.
Under natural conditions, miltonia most often settle on tree trunks, using them as a support.
For more than 60 years, miltonia was the name given to all orchids found in a specified area and resembling the one described by Lindley. But at the end of the 19th century, they were divided into Miltonia proper and Miltoniopsis (literally translated as “Miltonium-like”), based on the identified differences in morphology. The first genus included Brazilian lowland plants living in tropical forests, the second - Colombian orchids preferring mountains. But there are still certain difficulties in classification.
Miltoniopsis is more difficult to grow than miltonia. At home, they are accustomed to rather low temperatures, which are problematic to recreate at home.
Like most other orchids, miltonia is an epiphyte. She uses the trunks and branches of trees as a support. At the same time, the plant is not a parasite, receiving the necessary moisture and nutrients from the atmosphere with the help of a developed system of aerial roots. Somewhat less often, the orchid settles directly on the rocks, clinging to the smallest cracks in the stones.
Miltonia are herbaceous perennial evergreens. They differ from other orchids in a non-standard shade of leaves - grayish or yellowish, although a green undertone is also present. The length of the leaf is 35–40 cm. They are rigid, lanceolate, sometimes slightly bent back.
Tuberidia or pseudobulbs (thickening of the stem, in which the plant stores water and nutrients) are small in miltonia - 6-8 cm in length and 4-5 in width. The shape is elliptical or pear-shaped. They are flattened and rather densely arranged.
Miltonia's pseudobulbs are rather small compared to other orchids.
Miltonia flowers captivate not with their exoticism, but on the contrary, as if with deliberate simplicity and bright colors. The most common are scarlet, purple, pink, yellow, terracotta, snow-white and their various combinations. In shape, they resemble the viols familiar to all Russians, therefore the plant also has a nickname - "pansies".
Miltonia flowers in shape (and sometimes with a shade of petals) resemble "pansies", but the latter are noticeably smaller
One pseudobulb can produce several peduncles with 6-8 buds each. They are located in the axils of the leaves. The flowers are quite large - 10–12 cm in diameter. The edges of the petals are often corrugated.
The fewer buds on the peduncle, the larger each of them and the richer the very “tasty” honey aroma.
Miltonia bloom lasts from three to six weeks. But on cut peduncles, the buds fade within 2-3 hours.
Video: Miltonia appearance
What to do right after purchase?
After the orchid has ended up in its new home, it needs to be given time to rest and get used to the new atmosphere. It should be left directly in the plastic wrap for several hours or even a day.
At the same time, it is worth examining the leaves of the flower - are they whole, healthy, are there any midges. If everything is fine, then you can remove the packaging by cutting it with ordinary scissors.
Often after purchasing, transporting and changing the atmosphere, orchid flowers fall off, or the flowering will not be long at all. Don't worry - this is a completely normal reaction for a flower. In six months to a year, when the orchid blooms in indoor conditions, this situation will not happen again.
The most important rule for an orchid after purchase is to separate it from the rest of the flowers. Arrange quarantine for 1-2 weeks.
You can safely put it on a table in the back of the room and not worry about a lack of sunlight - nothing will happen in two weeks. After "quarantine", the orchid can be placed in its main place of residence.
It is also important to carefully wipe with a damp cotton pad and inspect the leaves from all sides:
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- are there any insects on them
- is anyone crawling on them
- Are there any spots, wrinkles, or damp areas?
What to do in this case?
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- If you notice wet rot in the middle of the leaf, then it must be cut right along with the leaf. If the rot is at the root, then you will have to cut off the entire leaf. Such an attack may appear 2-3 days after purchase, but you have to be ruthless with it, because otherwise it will lead to infection and death of the entire plant. Moreover, this wet rot can quickly spread to other flowers, so it is extremely important to withstand quarantine. The cut sites are processed with Miramistin or Chlorhexidine.
- If the leaf turns yellow, then it is important to know from which side this is happening. If the edges turn yellow, especially the lower leaves, then this is a natural process - you should not worry. If the yellowness comes from the roots, then most likely the orchid has fusarium, and urgent action is needed.
- If there is a loss of turgor, that is, the tone of the leaves, which is expressed in wrinkling or lethargy, then the orchid just needs to be allowed to adapt. This is most likely a common reaction to a move.
Next, you need to go to the inspection of the root system:
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- Are there mushrooms in pots? If there is, then there is nothing wrong with it - they can be easily eliminated by simply drying the plant and changing the soil.
- If the orchid is planted not in the bark, but in a peat mixture, then it will be necessary to start transplanting after quarantine.Prior to that, watering must be approached very carefully - it is better to underfill than overflow.
- If green algae are seen, this indicates a high humidity in the pot. It is necessary to make holes in the pot, but very carefully - so as not to damage the roots of the plant. The holes will prevent moisture stagnation and improve air access to the inside of the pot, which means the orchid will be more comfortable.
- You can also see small jumping bugs - these are puffs. In small quantities, they are not harmful to orchids, but these bugs quickly jump over to other plants - and it will be difficult to get them out of there. The presence of podur indicates that the plant has been flooded. All you have to do is let the plant and bark dry well and limit watering. These actions will be enough for the suckers to disappear by themselves. If this does not happen in a month, then it is already worth resorting to more serious methods of exposure, for example, formicides.
Watering after purchase
You should not rush to water, because in most cases, orchids are poured in stores, and inside the pot you can see condensation or even green algae, very similar to moss. It is worth paying attention to the moisture content of the bark and color of the tips (this is important!) of the roots:
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- if they are bright green, then the plant is ready to accept new water
- if the color is pale or even tends to yellowish, it is better to let the orchid dry out.
Of course, you should not immediately after the purchase engage in a flower transplant. It will grow quietly in its original plastic pot for 1–2 years.
Orchid roots don't need a lot of space - they even like a little tightness.
What are the main conclusions that can be drawn? After buying an orchid, you must:
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- leave it in quarantine away from other plants for about two weeks
- carefully examine the plant
- do not water for the first week, then be very careful about watering.
Diseases and pests of orchids
Orchids that are not properly irrigated can develop fungal infections that lead to root rotting.
In addition, Miltonia orchids can suffer from bacterial blight, powdery mildew, gray and black rot. The larvae of mealybugs, whiteflies are able to gnaw the roots, and aphids, spider mites harm the surface parts of flowers.
On a note! For the prevention of orchid diseases, the industry produces a variety of biological products, after the use of which plants are not threatened by fungal and bacterial infections and pests.
Nature gave people beautiful tropical plants - orchids, the beauty of which sometimes overshadows many flowering plants of temperate climates. Of course, special conditions are needed for growing orchids, some material costs, but a florist who is keen on orchids will make many sacrifices to admire these flowers.