Antennaria (cat's paw)
Antennaria - a beautiful and unpretentious garden plant. It has won the hearts of many flower growers due to its unpretentiousness and endurance. Antennaria perfectly withstands frosts, does not freeze in winter. In addition, this plant is almost impossible to trample, and it looks great, like a flower pillow in the garden. Antennaria is popularly known as a cat's paw. She got this name thanks to the buds. When they fade, they look like the soft and fluffy paws of a cat. A carpet of cat's feet will compete with finicky lawns. Nondescript flowers do not lose their attractiveness over a long period.
The antenna looks modest and graceful. Its size does not exceed 30 cm. This discreet plant perfectly adapts to the arctic and alpine conditions of North America and Eurasia. Grows in pine forests, dry meadows, wastelands. It can be found on sunny edges, sandy shores of water bodies. Small flowers of antennae, mostly white and pink, form thyroid inflorescences. The cat's foot has creeping rooting shoots. Flowers form dense thickets, similar to a carpet. The flowering period is from May to July. After that, smooth fruits with seeds are formed in August.
Antennaria is planted in places where nothing can be grown. This groundcover is a good weed control plant. It can grow among sand, stones, calmly endure heat. Flowers will decorate the spaces between stones and slabs. The fluffy rug looks great on the playground. Moreover, it will not suffer from small legs. Cat paws will look great in rockeries and alpine slides, complement heather plantings, and will be a good border. Antennary fixes compositions in misborders. Cat paws look beautiful in dry bouquets. In addition, they have medicinal properties.
Antennaria care - cat's paw
The antenna does not require any special maintenance. All care comes down to weeding at the beginning of planting.
For a cat's paw, it is best to choose a sunny and dry area. In the shade, it will grow poorly. If you plant it in partial shade, it will adapt, but the bushes will stretch too much and fall apart.
Flowers are best grown on poor, slightly acidic, sandy soil. If you plant the antennae in fertile soil, it will stretch out a lot.
Cat's feet tolerate drought well, but flowers need regular watering and moderate humidity. The flower does not tolerate overflow. The plant feels comfortable in a dry place.
Reproduction. There are several options for breeding antennae. One of them is the division of the mother bush. This procedure can be carried out both in early spring and late autumn. Thanks to division, you can get not only "babies", but also rejuvenate the plant. In order for the cat's legs to grow well and delight with their beauty, they must be regularly rejuvenated (every 2-4 years). Old bushes lose their attractiveness, the flower carpet is thinning.
Also, cat legs reproduce by cuttings of creeping shoots that have taken root over the season. In late autumn, you can divide the rhizome.
The most difficult way to breed antennae is with seeds. Seedlings are grown under glass. Seeds give too small shoots, develop poorly. Seedlings are planted in open ground in the summer, adhering to an interval of 20-30 cm. It will grow quickly, but will bloom only two years after planting.
The worst enemies of cats' legs are aphids, spider mites, caterpillars. The most common diseases are spotting, rot, powdery mildew, rust, nematosis.
Types of Antennaria with photos and names
Antennaria belongs to perennial herbaceous plants (dwarf shrubs are sometimes found). There are about 50 species in the genus. 10 species grow in Russia. Some of them can be found in the Red Book.
A perennial ground cover plant that creeps along the ground and forms lush bushes. Its height is about 15 cm. It has gray leaves and small pink-purple flowers. Peduncles are collected in racemose inflorescences. Each cluster has about 2-5 inflorescences. A plant of this species begins to bloom in June and ends in August. The ideal conditions for it are poor, gravelly mulched soil. If you plant it in a well-lit area, dense clumps are formed.
The most common and popular type in garden plots. Its natural habitat is river terraces, open slopes, forest edges. Peduncles reach a height of 10-30 cm. It has a thin rhizome with numerous shortened, recumbent vegetative shoots, a straight stem. This species has small pink or blue flowers. The alternate leaves are glabrous above and have a grayish-green tint, whitish-tomentose below. A low-growing plant forms sprawling bushes. It begins to bloom in May. The period of abundant flowering lasts two months. Then oblong, cylindrical fruits appear. These cat's legs do not need shelter for the winter, they are not afraid of frost. They grow on light, non-alkaline soils.
A representative of perennial plants. Unlike cat feet, the other species is the tallest plant. Its height reaches about 40 cm. The species got its name due to the wide oval leaves, similar to plantain. This antennae grows rather quickly, drowning out stunted neighbors. Its distinctive feature is its unpretentiousness and frost resistance. It is not necessary to cover it for the winter.
A rare species listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. Plant height - 10-20 cm. Very similar to cat's dioecious legs. But the peduncles have no leaves. Grows in the highlands of the Carpathians. Found in Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Romania.
Despite their modest appearance, cat paws look pretty attractive. They can be planted in a flower garden with poor soils. The silvery-green leaves of the antennae will make good neighbors of bulbous crops. You will get a good mixborder composition when using yarrow, tenacious, purslane, lavender, cereals. You can't take your eyes off the fluffy rug of cat's legs with bells, mullein, wormwood. In addition, the plant is widely used in folk medicine. It perfectly heals wounds, stops blood, is a good choleretic agent.
Coleus: rules for self-cultivation and reproductionThe author of the article: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening
General features, characteristics and etymology of the name of Coleus, agrotechnical conditions during cultivation, steps for independent reproduction, species.
The content of the article:
- General requirements for growing, flower care
- Breeding methods, planting at home
- Cultivation difficulties
- Facts to note
Coleus (Coleus) belongs to the genus attributed to the Lamiaceae family, or as it is also called Labiatae, which also includes about 150 more varieties. The native territory of growth of representatives of this genus falls on the lands of the forests of Asia and Africa, where the tropical climate prevails.
This plant got its name on the basis of the translation, the Greek word "kleos" which means "case, tube" or "scabbard", of course, that, apparently, this is due to the structure of the flowers of the representative of the clear family, since the staminate threads in the bud are spliced in the form of a tube, in which the pestle is reliably hidden. Although a different name for this specimen of flora has become firmly established among flower growers, it is called "the poor man's croton", since the variegated color of the leaf plates of the coleus is very similar to the croton, but the general appearance of their leaves does not have the same effect. There is generally an unsightly name for Coleus - "garbage plant", apparently because many of the lovers of home flora have not yet seen the newly introduced varieties of Coleus, which can compete on equal terms not only with the aforementioned croton in the beauty of foliage, but also with other equally popular variegated plants ... You can hear people pick it up with "nettles" because of the shape of the leaves.
Another property that makes Coleus a favorite of flower growers is its simplicity and undemanding care in caring for it (unlike the capricious Croton) and reproduction.
So, all varieties of the Coleus genus are either semi-shrubs or plants with a herbaceous form of growth. With its shoots, this variegated handsome man can reach a height of 35 cm. The stems have tetrahedral cross-section and juicy outlines, although their appearance is almost transparent. The leaf plates have a velvety surface and an incredibly variegated color that combines a wealth of shades, which includes the most incredible combinations of red, yellow, brown and green colors, as well as patterns of spots and stripes. The edge of the leaf is serrate, which makes it very similar to the leaf plates of the well-known nettle.
The flowers of the Coleus, in comparison with its highly decorative foliage, are not of particular interest and do not stand out at all. Their sizes are small, a paniculate inflorescence is collected from the buds.
Magnolia species and the best varieties
The shrub is of two types: evergreen and deciduous. The first is suitable for the southern regions, and the second is suitable for the middle zone. In total, more than 120 varieties have been bred, but frost-resistant varieties are the most suitable. They are maximally adapted and not capricious in their care. The choice of the variety depends on which area the gardener can highlight, because magnolias need a lot of space. Therefore, in a small area, it is worth giving preference to miniature shrubs; for large gardens or parks, you can take large specimens.
Description of the most suitable varieties for growing in the middle lane:
- Soulange. Most often this tree is 5 m high, in favorable conditions it can grow up to 8 m. It begins to bloom in April. The flower has the shape of a glass, 15 cm long and 25 cm in diameter. A young bush has rare flowers, the number increases every year, and at the age of 7 the bush enters its optimal shape with abundant long flowering. The color of the petals is bright - from pink to purple. The aroma is subtle and unobtrusive; some varieties have no aroma. The plant grows well in cold climates
How the magnolia of Soulange blooms
- Cobus. A tall tree up to 12 m, has high frost resistance, easily tolerates frosts up to 28 ˚С. The first time the plant can bloom only in the tenth year after planting. The crown is formed for a long time. In adult specimens, it is spherical, a young tree has the shape of a pyramid. The petals are most often white. The flowering of this plant is accompanied by a delicate pleasant aroma.
How Magnolia Kobus blooms
- Magnolia Lily It is sometimes called the orchid tree. This is a shrub up to 6 m in height, the crown in diameter can reach 8 meters. The peculiarity of this variety is that the plant can bloom twice a year. The first flowering begins in May, under favorable weather conditions in September the bush can bloom a second time. Gardeners are very fond of this variety, especially the Nigra variety, for the decorative appearance of the flower. Outside, it is painted with bright pink, up to a ruby hue, and inside the petals are lilac-white. The flowers are medium-sized, in comparison with other varieties, no more than 10 cm in diameter.The aroma is subtle, very refined
How Magnolia Lily Blossoms
Magnolia Star. Miniature shrub grows to a maximum of 2.5 m in height. This shrub differs from other varieties in slow growth, no more than 15 cm per year, begins to bloom earlier than others - in late March-early April, even before the leaves appear. However, the flowering period is very fast - no more than 3 weeks. The flower has the shape of a white star
This magnolia variety does not tolerate frost well, it is also important to choose the right area that is sheltered from the wind.
How does Star Magnolia bloom?
- Ash. A tall tree of at least 5 m, some specimens grow up to 7 meters. A very popular variety for the middle lane, because gardeners are attracted by the frost resistance of magnolia and how long it blooms, in comparison with other species. Its advantages are due to the later flowering in late May - early June. The plant has a rather tropical appearance, as it has large leaves (more than half a meter in length), they are framed by large creamy flowers. The floral aroma is pronounced citrus with notes of jasmine. This variety is highly valued by designers due to its decorativeness and rarity.
Every gardener who decides to plant a magnolia wants to see its magnificent flowering as soon as possible, but on average the magnolia will bloom only in the fifth year after planting. The terms can be longer or less, depending on the conditions in which the tree will grow. However, the joy and pleasure gained from the flowering period is worth the investment and patience. The correct planting site and proper care will additionally help the magnolia to gain strength as quickly as possible and bloom profusely in the backyard.
Ground cover perennials
Low-growing, perennial flowers blooming from early spring to late autumn, can quickly create a beautiful floral carpet in the country that does not require special care. For this, flowers no more than 15-20 centimeters high are ideal, such as:
- Phlox subulate
- Dusheney Indian
- Sedum (sedum)
- Felt splinter
- Bryozoan subulate
- Creeping thyme (thyme)
- Veronica threadlike
- Tenacious creeping
- Alpine antenna
- Cat's foot dioecious and alpine
- Loose leaf or meadow tea
- Carnation herbal
- Alpine two-seed
- White clover creeping
- Bristly haired catula
- Ivy budra.
When growing these plants, the garden is protected from weeds, the soil does not overheat, does not dry out or erode. The soil in your area is saturated with oxygen, its texture improves. Ground cover perennials tolerate trampling well.
Description of the plant
In different classifications, the genus of nephrolepis is referred to the Lomariopsis or Davalliev family. The genus consists of 30 species of ferns. Many are distinguished by the endurance of the sun. The native environment is the tropics. Most of the species grow in America and Australia.
The rosette consists of pinnately compound leaves. Feature - adult leaves continue to grow for several years. In nature, the nephrolepis fern grows above 3 m. Sori can be seen at the ends of the veins. The coverlet is attached along the base or fixed in one place. Each sorus contains sporangia of varying degrees of maturity. The spores are small, the feather bed is visible.
These indoor plants are not particularly demanding on growing conditions. But still, there are some rules.
In its natural habitat, this succulent is usually located next to shrubs, in partial shade or shade. Therefore, caring for Gasteria at home involves finding the container in the shade so that the direct rays of the sun do not fall.
Place the pot on the southwestern windowsill. It is illuminated by the sun, but the probability of direct rays is small. When the sun hits the foliage, it changes color and color saturation, the beautiful pattern disappears.
You cannot leave the plant in drafts, near cold windows (for example, on a balcony). You can place the container next to the cacti. In the summertime, you can take the plant pot outside. Just make sure that there are no drafts and cold gusts of wind, precipitation and the sun.
In the fall, it is necessary to create artificial lighting; it does not need shading. It is recommended to use fluorescent lamps, installing them half a meter from the pot. The duration of artificial lighting must be at least eight hours.
The most optimal temperature indicators for growing gastria are - not lower than 22 degrees. It is not recommended to place the flower pot directly near the heating source.
The minimum temperature at which a plant can exist is 12 degrees. The indicators below are detrimental to the flower.
Watering and humidity requirements
Although succulents have the ability to accumulate moisture in their leaves in their natural habitat, flowers do not have this ability when grown at home. Irrigation should be regular, but not frequent. It is enough to water once a month in winter and once a week in the hot season.
Air humidity is not critical. You can periodically arrange a warm shower for the leaves, thereby cleaning them from dust. But in summer, spraying the leaves can cause sunburn, so you need to be careful with such procedures.
Soil and fertilizer
For planting the plant, it is recommended to use a special soil substrate intended for cacti. It can be purchased at a specialized point of sale.
Or you can do it yourself by mixing garden soil with parts of turf and leafy soil, sand and peat. The bottom layer should consist of a separate layer - fill in the drainage layer - fine gravel, broken brick.
During the appearance of inflorescences, top dressing should be carried out. You can also use a special feeding for cacti, only its concentration should be half as much as for representatives of other types of succulents. Top dressing is carried out only in summer.
This flower is very slow in growth, so it rarely needs a transplant. Only in case of emergency, when there is not enough space in the pot for the plant, or too small a container for planting was originally chosen. The optimal transplant period is spring, the procedure should be carried out no more than once every two years.
When transplanting, a large container, a drainage layer, and a soil substrate should be prepared. A drainage layer is poured into the bottom of the pot, the gasteria, together with an earthen lump, must be transplanted into a new container. Lightly tamp on top, adding the required amount of substrate.
It is recommended to separate the young children during the transplant. This will allow the plant to grow faster. If the plant has just been purchased, it is not worth replanting immediately (of course, provided that the container is of a suitable size). It is recommended to choose a wide, but shallow container for transplanting the succulent.