Nertera. Nertera care, photo, reproduction, species: Nertera granadenzis
Houseplants Published: January 12, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:
Nertera (lat.Nertera) - Plants from the Madder family, including 3-12 species (depending on the source). The homeland of nertera is tropical zones all over the Earth. The genus got its name from the Greek "nerteros" - "small".
Nertera is a herbaceous creeping perennial with oval leaves up to 0.5 cm in diameter, growing oppositely. Four to five membered flowers grow one at a time; green corolla - funnel-shaped or tubular. These flowers have no decorative value; they bloom closer to summer, white. After some time, red berries (1 cm) appear on the nerter, because of which the plant is called "Coral moss".
Usually nertera is grown only for 1 season - they buy it before the berries appear on it, and after they fall off, they throw it away. But with proper care, the plant can be grown for several years in a row. They say that nertera at home increases the activity of apartment residents. And if there are several nerters, then their effect is enhanced.
Briefly about growing
- Bloom: in April-May.
- Lighting: bright diffused light.
- Temperature: in spring and summer - about 20 ºC, and during autumn the temperature gradually decreases to 10-12 ºC.
- Watering: during the period of active growth - two days after the topsoil has dried. In winter, you must not allow the earthy coma to dry out completely.
- Air humidity: during the growing season before flowering, regular spraying with water at room temperature is needed. It is better to keep the flower on a pallet with wet expanded clay.
- Top dressing: during the period of active growth - monthly with complex mineral fertilizer. In winter, feeding is not needed.
- Rest period: from October to February.
- Transfer: after a dormant period as the pot is filled with roots.
- Substrate: sand, peat, humus, turf and leaf land in equal parts. Good drainage is a must.
- Reproduction: seeds, dividing the rhizome.
- Pests: scale insects, mealybugs, whiteflies and spider mites.
- Diseases: sometimes problems arise due to improper care.
- Properties: nertera berries are poisonous!
Read more about growing nertera below.
Caring for nerte at home
The light of a room nertera needs bright, but diffused light. In summer (and preferably from the beginning of spring to the formation of berries on the nerter), the plant is best exposed to fresh air, avoiding direct sunlight, drafts and protecting it from rain. In autumn and winter, the plant needs a lot of light, so it will not be superfluous to illuminate it with fluorescent lamps, setting them at a distance of half a meter from the nerter. If there is not enough light, the home nertera will lose its decorative qualities.
The houseplant nerter grows better at low temperatures. In spring and summer, temperatures around 20 ° C are best. In autumn, the temperature is gradually reduced to 12 ° C, and the plant should overwinter at 10 ° C. From mid-autumn to early spring, the room with nertera needs to be ventilated. If the domestic nerter flower has survived until winter, then when the temperature begins to rise (closer to spring) and does not fall below 6 ° C, it should be taken out into the fresh air in a place without drafts and with good lighting. Watch the weather so that frost does not kill the plant. Nerteru can be returned to the apartment when the flowers begin to give way to berries.
During the growing season, water the nertera a couple of days after the topsoil has dried. In winter, water is carefully watered so that the substrate is moist, provided that the nerter flower hibernates under room conditions at the optimum winter temperature. The usual watering regime is returned when the first young leaves appear in the spring.
Nerter should be regularly sprayed with settled or boiled water during the growing season. Spray with water at room temperature until the flowers appear - do not allow water to get on the berries and flowers. It will not be superfluous to put nertera on a pallet with wet peat, pebbles or expanded clay. Make sure that the water does not touch the pot.
During the growing season, nertera is fed every month with complex mineral fertilizers.
If the wintering went well, then in the spring (even before the flowers appear), the homemade nerter flower is transplanted. The pot is taken low and wide. The substrate should be loose - take in equal parts sand, peat, turf, humus and leafy soil. You need to make good drainage at the bottom of the pot, and the soil does not need to be tamped.
Growing from seeds
Seeds of nertera are sown at the end of winter in a wide container with a mixture of equal parts of sand, peat and leafy soil. There should be a drain at the bottom of the container. The seeds are laid out on a substrate far from each other and sprinkled with soil, tamped a little, sprayed with water and covered with glass. The seed container is kept at a temperature of around 22 ° C. Nertera seeds do not all germinate at the same time: some can germinate in a month, others in three. When the seeds germinate, the bowl is rearranged on a windowsill with bright light, but without direct sun. If there is not enough light, you need to put fluorescent lamps. Water the seedlings as soon as the soil dries up.
Reproduction of nertera by division
After the berries fall, the nerte can be propagated by dividing the rhizome. Part of the plant is transplanted into a new pot with a substrate of coarse sand, turf, peat and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 1). At the bottom, drainage from expanded clay or broken bricks is needed.
You cannot eat nertera berries. Make sure that children and pets are not poisoned.
Diseases and pests of nertera
Nertera leaves fall off. If the temperature in winter is not reduced, the resting period for nertera will not come, which will lead to the exposure of the plant.
Pests nerte. The main pests are scale insects, mealybugs, whiteflies and spider mites.
Nertera granadenzis (Granada) / Nertera granadensis
Or nertera granadskaya (Nertera granadensis). The native land of the species is Central America, Mexico. The stems are creeping, thin. The leaves reach a length of 0.3 to 0.7 cm, have a lanceolate-rounded shape, stick to 2-4 mm petioles. The plant blooms from June with flowers of a greenish-yellow hue. Flowers are replaced by orange fruits, which keep on plants throughout the fall, and sometimes winter.
This creeping perennial lives in South America. Creeping stems. Small leaves (up to 0.5 cm) grow oppositely, have a rounded shape. Flowers are very small, greenish-white. In summer, the flowers are replaced by berries, which can last until mid-autumn.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Madder
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Ornamental deciduous Plants on N Madder
The amazing nerte kissed like the sun.
Enchanting, juicy, as if descended from the canvas of a famous master colorist, the plant with its beauty "hits" right in the heart, without a miss, and causes a burning desire to have this bizarre beauty at home.
And as it turned out, it is not at all difficult to provide home care for nertera!
Nertera, as a representative of the Marenov family, is small and neat, takes up very little space in the room, and on cloudy gray days pleases the eye with its fresh look. At the same time, the fruits of the plant are the most beautiful, and the creeping thin stems and oval leaves spreading over the surface of the soil are more modest in appearance. Other names for Nertera are "coral moss" or "coral berry".
- Views and photos
- Granadenzis (Nertera granadensis)
- Astrid (Nertera granadensis astrid)
- Pressed (Nertera depressa)
- Does it grow at home?
- Soil and pot
- Location and lighting
- Temperature regime
- Watering and humidity
- Top dressing
- Transplant scheme
- By dividing the rhizome
- Useful video
- Photo gallery
• nertera are kept in room culture in bright diffused light, looks more decorative in spacious bowls
• in cool winter gardens as a ground cover plant
2 cm high, about 20 cm wide, forms a low mat on the soil surface
not required, nertera is grown as an annual plant
leaf land: peat: sand (2: 2: 1)
• under warm conditions of winter keeping nerter loses its decorative effect, berries quickly shrivel and fall off
• the plant should not be sprayed, otherwise it easily rots, to maintain moisture, place the pot on a pallet with constantly damp moss or expanded clay
• may be damaged by aphids
in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity
• division during transfer
• less often by sowing seeds
• needs a cool wintering
• it is better to water the plant by immersing the pot in a container with water or through a pallet with the obligatory removal of excess water
• during the flowering period, ventilate the room to improve fertilization and get more decorative berries
small green leaves no more than 0.5 cm in diameter
round, shiny berries the size of a pea
bright orange, yellow, less often white
from about mid-summer, fruits usually last until the end of winter
Grenada nertera flower care at home
Difficulty of growing: if you grow nertera as a disposable plant - relatively low, it is very difficult to cultivate it as a perennial.
Nertera Grenada perfectly tolerates partial shade at home, but a bright place is better for her. Optimal place: north, west and east exposure. From spring until the berries appear, it is recommended to take the plant out to the balcony or garden, protecting it from direct sunlight, precipitation and drafts.
Temperature requirements: in summer - 20-22 ° C, in winter - 10 ° C. Nertera can withstand temperatures as low as 6 ° C.
Lighting requirements: bright diffused light shaded from direct sunlight. When caring for nertera in the autumn-winter period, good lighting is also necessary, you can use additional illumination with fluorescent lamps, placing them above the plant at a distance of 50-60 cm. With a lack of lighting and at high temperatures in winter, the plant grows, stretches, loses its decorative effect ...
Watering, spraying: in spring and summer - abundant watering, in winter - limited with a cool content, but the frequency of watering directly depends on the specific temperature. Under all conditions, the soil should not dry out completely. During the growing season, it prefers high humidity; constant spraying with boiled or soft filtered water at room temperature is necessary. Spraying is carried out only before flowering in spring (water should not get on flowers and berries).
As you can see in the photo, when caring for nertera to increase air humidity, the pot with the plant can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay or pebbles, while the bottom of the pot should not touch the water:
Top dressing: during the growing season, complex mineral fertilizers should be applied once a month.
Transfer: in the spring before flowering. The pots are wide and shallow. When replanting, the earth is not compacted or compacted. Drainage must be placed on the bottom.
Substrate: turf, leafy soil, humus, peat and sand, taken in equal amounts.
Possible problems: if nertera forms a lot of leaves in the absence of flowers and berries or the berries crumble, the plant stands in a too warm room. Move it to a cool place and increase the humidity. Base stem rot is the result of over-watering the plant. Dry leaf tips are a sign of sunburn and dry soil.
In the process of growing at home, nertera can be affected by spider mites, whiteflies, mealybugs. You can kill these insects with insecticides. If the nertera does not provide a proper dormant period in winter, then the flower will begin to stretch, grow and become bare.
We use ground cover plants in our garden, but there are also house plants of a similar type. These green down jackets help transform the look of spaces.
Arrangements made with indoor cushion plants look original and fresh (both literally and figuratively). All indoor ground cover plants tolerate pruning well, so they can be shaped in different shapes.
Cushion indoor plants
What kind of house plants form cute pillows?
Soleirolia Soleirolia (Soleirolia soleirolii, Helxine soleirolii). Another name for the plant is Helksina Soleirol. Soleirolia needs a light or semi-shaded place. It tolerates both room temperatures and cooler conditions. Helksin cannot be poured - watering is needed even, preferably in small portions. Otherwise, the stems of the plant will rot. It will be optimal to fill the sump with moisture, and after a few hours, when the soil is optimally moistened, drain the water. Solleyrolia does not tolerate stagnant water at all.
Selaginella (Selaginella). This cushion plant belongs to indoor ferns. And like all members of this family, Selaginella needs high humidity. Therefore, frequent spraying is necessary (or a room humidifier). Selaginella will feel best on the north window. Be careful with fertilizing - the plant is sensitive to salts in the soil.
Different varieties of Salleirolia have leaves of different shades of green. But this color, in any shade, goes well with orange jewelry.
The central part of the composition here is represented by salt lily grown on a high wire frame - a rather effective technique for ground cover plants.
Pillow plants, due to their unusual shape, allow you to create funny genre scenes as arrangements.
For example, on the glades of khalksina (saltyrolia), you can “settle” fairy elves.
You can make a whole composition of indoor ground cover plants. Sellaginella and helksina are interestingly combined with each other.
Tradescantia (Tradescantia). Loves light, warmth and humidity. If you pay attention to these three points, then Tradescantia will feel great. The cushion shape of this groundcover houseplant is maintained by regular pruning of the shoots. By the way, these shoots take root very quickly, just put them in water for a few days - so you can easily propagate Tradescantia by cuttings.
Callisia (Callisia). This cushion plant in winter needs low temperatures (13-20 ° C) and sufficient lighting - in cloudy weather it is necessary to supplement it.
Nertera grenada (Nertera grenadensis). You probably know this plant, even if you have never kept it at home. At Christmas and New Year's Eve, nertera can often be found in garden shopping centers - because of the ornamental fruits, the plant is used for holiday arrangements and as a gift. Another name for nertera is coral moss.The pads of this plant are decorated with orange or white berries throughout autumn and winter. The fruits fall shortly after the Christmas holidays. In Europe, the plant is usually thrown away immediately afterwards. However, if it is possible to maintain the temperature regime and optimal humidity, then in the spring the nertera will bloom again, and by the next autumn it will again be covered with beautiful fruits. In order to bloom in spring, nertera requires a dormant period in winter - a low temperature (11-13 ° C) and minimal watering through a sump.
An interesting idea is to place tradescantia in a tall pot. The lower part of such a container is filled with expanded clay, and a pot with a plant is placed on top.
Callisia is planted in a funny head-shaped pot and takes on the role of a “hairstyle” that needs a regular haircut.
Cushions coral moss (nerters) look truly gorgeous, strewn with their fruits, like pearls. Nertera berries are orange and white. The plant is often used as a gift for the New Year with a wish for well-being.
Nertera - Plants from the madder family, including 3-12 species (depending on the source). The homeland of Nertera is tropical zones all over the Earth. The genus got its name from the Greek "nerteros" - "small".
Nertera is a herbaceous creeping perennial with oval leaves up to half a centimeter in diameter, growing oppositely. Four to five-membered flowers grow one green corolla - funnel-shaped or tubular. These flowers have no decorative value, they bloom closer to summer, white. After some time, red berries (1 cm) appear on Nerter, because of which the plant is called "Coral moss".
Usually Nertera is grown only for 1 season - they buy it before the berries appear on it, and after they fall off, they throw it away. But with proper care, the plant can be grown for several years in a row. They say that Nertera increases the activity of the residents of the apartment. And if there are several Nerter, then their effect is enhanced.
Ampel indoor plants: graceful home decorators
Ampel indoor plants are among the most unpretentious. They are suitable even for those who have never had flowers in their home. The name of these representatives of the flora comes from the German language, in translation from which Ampel is a hanging flower vase. In turn, this word originates from Latin (Latin ampulla - flask, small bottle).
This is what indicates that such flowers are grown in special hanging pots, pots or baskets. These plants have a flexible creeping stem or twine around the supports installed next to each other. Consider what types of ampels are the most popular for landscaping a room and how to care for them.
Famous ampelous plants for room decoration
Ampels are successfully used everywhere for decoration and zoning of residential and office buildings, namely:
- Window and doorways
Next, we will describe the names of representatives of this category of flora and attach beautiful photos so that you can not be mistaken with the choice of the "green neighbor".
Decorative leafy ampels
This species includes plants with nondescript flowers, or not flowering. They have no decorative value. Such specimens are very numerous, they have rather unusual and interesting varieties.
This vine is quite unpretentious and feels great even in dry air. Serves to decorate windows and walls, thanks to dense growth, it successfully mask bare areas. It has leathery, shiny leaves. Variegated ivy varieties are very finicky to care for. The plant is a little poisonous, so it is advisable to limit the access of animals and children to it. It is a curly shade-loving indoor flower.
- 2 times a month ivy needs to be fed with fertilizers
- Water on time and well enough
- To stimulate the density and branching in the fall, it is necessary to prune the shoots by 1/3 of the length.
This strange name for an ampelous plant hides an attractive flower with variegated, round leaves and thin, long stems. The axils of the leaves form nodules that have a supply of moisture. The plant has its own peculiarity - a beautiful interweaving of the stems among themselves. If you want to untangle them, you can damage the ceropegia. Plant several shoots of the "green friend" in one pot and get dense seedlings.
- For such an interesting specimen, a hanging planter is well suited. Then the twigs won't break
- A bright room, where bright sunny lighting will be present, will be highly appreciated by the "green inhabitant"
- Will grow well on the frame. Also, with the help of ceropegia, different figures are made.
- This representative of the flora belongs to succulents, therefore, an excess of moisture is destructive for it, and a lack of moisture is an ideal condition for growth.
How to grow ceropegia at home, read this article.
Decorative flowering ampels
Blooming ampelous indoor plants are great for decorating rooms.
Includes a huge number of varieties with double and simple flowers of pink, yellow, white, red. Begonia blooms all summer until autumn, and is very suitable for decorating verandas, balconies, rooms. If you put it in a hanging planter, then it will look just amazing.
- Requires even watering. Abundant moisture or drought is harmful to the plant
- A bright location is very favorable for begonias, but the sun's rays should be scattered, not direct
- He loves heat very much, so the temperature should be at least 15 degrees.
Gloriosa is like an orchid. Its shoots sometimes reach five meters, but there are also dwarf species. It has lanceolate leaves and bicolor flowers of an unusual shape, which are located on long peduncles. When a gloriosa bud opens, it looks like a flame. Plant varieties come with red, orange, yellow flowers. Growing on curly supports gives the flower an attractive appearance.
- Seed propagation is a very laborious process, so it is best to propagate this interesting specimen using tubers
- In summer, gloriosa feels great at moderate temperatures, and in winter - at temperatures up to 10 degrees.
- It is advisable to install a pot with a flower in expanded clay or wet pebbles, constantly spray, because it is a tropical species that prefers a high percentage of air humidity
- It is best to place the plant on the east or west side of the room because gloriosa grows favorably in moderate light.
We wrote in more detail about growing and caring for gloriosa in this article.
It belongs to evergreen vines, has original, beautiful flowers of various shades. Flowers have stigmas in the shape of a cross, which is an interesting feature. In a home environment, the blue and three-striped varieties are usually grown.
- The flower prefers high humidity in the air.
- Loves bright light, so it is advisable to put it on the south side
- In the spring, the vine must be cut, otherwise it will take up a lot of space.
Seeds and planting ampel indoor plants
Most of the flowers are sold already formed and ready for interior decoration. But you can grow some flowering species from seeds and independently, for example, begonia, lobelia, petunia. When buying seed, be sure to look at the expiration date.
Ampel landing consists of the following stages:
- The soil mixture is disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will help prevent infection with fungal diseases.
- Fill the container with the prepared soil, water it lightly and sow the seeds (if they are too small, you can gently mix them with sand)
- Pour the seed material onto the soil mixture and treat it with a growth stimulator using a spray bottle. The air temperature during landing should be at least 22 degrees
- Seedlings will begin to break through after 1-2 weeks. The temperature regime can be reduced by 2-3 degrees
- When the first leaves appear, carefully monitor the soil moisture level. The soil should not be excessively damp.
Caring for ampel indoor plants
These simple guidelines will help create a comfortable living environment for ampels:
- Decorative deciduous species should be located behind a window curtain at a distance of 20-30 cm from the window, then they will have enough light
- The flowering varieties will thrive on a west or east facing window. At the same time, the direct rays of the sun will affect them only in the morning and evening.
- If you place ampelous indoor flowers on risers or shelves, take care of a light plastic pot and high drainage in advance.
- A flower located at a height is exposed to dry air and begins to dry out faster, so you need to regularly spray its leaves with water from a spray bottle and loosen the ground, slightly removing the top layer
- When growing in pots, make sure that the mountings can support the weight of the plant together with the soil when watered. You also need to place the pots so that it is convenient to spray the flower and monitor the condition of the soil.
- Do not forget to remove excess moisture after watering, otherwise the ampel may start to rot
- During the heating season, dishes with water should be placed next to the pot to give the flora representative additional moisture. We wrote here how to humidify the air in the room.
Pay attention to these simple tips and you can turn any room into a green paradise.