Dill menu: how to properly feed aromatic herbs
Dill on the menu of a Russian person is one of the most familiar and demanded spicy cultures. And our garden without dill is also simply impossible to imagine. How without it you can salt cucumbers, pickle mushrooms, and any summer salad without a sprig of dill is simply unthinkable. But this spicy greenery grows in our plots in different ways: someone just self-sowing, someone specially sows whole packages of seeds every year, and the result is deplorable. Let's try to figure out how we can help here.
For dill to be born
To have a lot of dill, you have to work hard
Many who try to get a good harvest of dill fail. There may be several reasons for this:
- For good growth of dill, the condition of the soil on which it will grow is very important. It is best if it is sandy loam or light loam. This soil composition can be achieved by introducing coarse sand or low-lying peat.
- The plant has a long root, so the nutrient layer of the soil should be at least 30 cm.
- Dill does not like acidic soils. The optimum pH should be between 6 and 7.5. Acidic soil can be neutralized with finely ground eggshell, because the presence of ash is also not to dill's liking.
- Does not like dill and thickening. If sowing is too frequent, it is necessary to thin them up to 2 cm between plants.
- It is best to plant the dill in a sunny location.
- Watering should be done only with warm water.
Yeast is used to loosen the soil and increase fertility.
- 100 g of raw baker's yeast is diluted in 1 liter of warm water.
- Insist 2 hours.
- Diluted in 10 liters of water and watered with dill once every 2 weeks.
Video: what does dill like
What trace elements are required for dill
Sometimes the reason for the poor growth of dill is the lack of 2 important trace elements in the soil - nitrogen and phosphorus. To avoid such a problem, add to the soil before planting:
- superphosphate - 30 g / m2 ,
- potassium salt - 20 g / m2
Superphosphate feeding will please growing dill
The property of dill is known to accumulate nitrates in itself, therefore, when making mineral dressings, you need to very accurately observe the indicated dosage. It is not recommended to use ammonium and sodium nitrate as top dressing.
And if you put the cut dill greens in water for two hours, the nitrate content will decrease by 20%.
How to feed dill after germination
Two weeks after germination, to stimulate growth and tillering, you can still feed the plantings with a small amount of ammonium nitrate - no more than 8 g / m2 .
The emerging seedlings of young dill require feeding, especially if the garden has not been prepared since the fall
Top dressing of dill in the open field
In order for the dill greens to grow enough, it is useful to feed with organic fertilizers.
Biud is a liquid fertilizer obtained by anaerobic fermentation of horse manure under thermophilic conditions in bioreactors
For prophylaxis against diseases, EM drugs are used:
- Baikal EM - 1,
Fertilizers for dill at home
Dill Gribovsky is especially suitable for growing at home
If dill is grown at home, for example, on a windowsill, then once every two weeks it needs to be fed with a complex mineral fertilizer. It can be liquid fertilizer Rainbow or Ideal in very low concentration. For watering plants at the root, it is necessary to dilute 10 ml in 1 liter of water. For ease of measurement, you can use a fertilizer bottle cap, it contains approximately 5 ml. Before fertilizing, the plants must be watered with clean water..
You can feed dill on the windowsill with liquid fertilizer Ideal
Traditional methods of fertilizing dill
Experienced gardeners successfully use homemade products to fertilize dill. Good results are obtained with a green infusion made from cut grass or weeds. Nettles work best. The recipe is as follows:
Nettle Fertilizer Recipe
For feeding dill with folk remedies, you can prepare an infusion of nettle. To do this, you need to collect young shoots on which there are no seeds yet, place them in a large container, filling about half. Add water almost to the very top, cover tightly and leave to infuse for one to two weeks.
Green infusion is easy to prepare yourself
The resulting liquid of a dark color, in which there are no longer any bubbles of fermentation, is used for watering, while diluting in a ratio of 1: 10, half a bucket per 1 m2, 2 times a month.
Nettle infusion is best for feeding dill
Video: how to feed dill
And some more useful tips
The dill harvest will please you if:
- To stretch the dill harvest in time, you need to plant several varieties at once with different ripening periods;
- Seeds can be sown in early spring and even late autumn, before winter;
- Before sowing dill, you do not need to add ash to the soil. The taste of dill will suffer.
Dill of the Alligator variety is especially popular among summer residents.
Personally, I have no problems with dill: it grows self-seeding throughout the garden. And the variety is already impossible to determine. And in order to get young greens longer, you have to sow more in mid-June. I tried different varieties, and settled on the beloved Alligator variety.
We cannot do without dill in our gardens! And therefore, he will have to create comfortable growing conditions for him. Let us please him - and he will thank the owners with fragrant, fragrant greens!
My name is Natalya. I am a teacher of the Russian language and literature by profession.
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How and when to feed pepper seedlings when grown at home and transplanted into open ground: the best fertilizers and their composition
How to feed pepper seedlings at home so that they are plump saplings we will understand in detail in this article.
The future harvest also depends on the correct and timely feeding of pepper seedlings. Plants, which receive all the necessary nutrients at the beginning of development, develop a powerful root system, develop good immunity, and they quickly adapt to the climatic conditions of the region.
- Optimal conditions for the growth of dill
- Why does dill need top dressing
- What micronutrients are needed
- The main types of dressings
- Simple mineral
- Complex mineral
- Folk fertilizers
- Fertilization rules and timing
- In the open field
- In the greenhouse
- Expert advice
How to feed eggplants
Nitrogen is necessary for the formation of greenery, trunk, side shoots. But while the root system of plants is poorly developed, it is undesirable to use nitrogen components, nitrogen inhibits root growth. The underground part of the plant requires phosphorus. With its help, the suction capacity of rhizomes is improved, new lateral processes are formed. More nutrients are supplied to the leaves.
Note! Superphosphate is only diluted in hot water or boiling water. Before applying it to the soil for growing eggplants, the fertilizer must be diluted with water (according to the instructions) and cooled.
Potassium stimulates the strengthening of the immune system. The bush survives better during sharp nighttime cold snaps, during the period of intense rains it resists the development of fungal infections. Potassium is found in wood ash, compost humus. Natural potassium salts - nitrate are added.
In this phase of growth, it is desirable to combine nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
Calcium participates in photosynthesis, is contained in the cells of leaf plates, forms the fibers of the trunk. The source of calcium is lime, bone meal or dolomite meal. Eggplant trace elements are obtained from the soil, but in the conditions of the middle lane it is better to introduce them in dissolved form. The chemical composition of folk remedies is difficult to determine. It is recommended to fertilize eggplant bushes with them when growing in open and closed ground - greenhouses, film shelters, greenhouses.
Note! Practice shows that it is necessary to combine mineral and organic fertilizers throughout the growing season. Each phase of eggplant growth requires its own feeding.
It would be wrong to call store fertilizers for eggplants mineral. This category includes only minerals found in nature in a natural state.
Important! Minerals are sold only in dry form and are packed in bags of various capacities. Liquid feed contains supplements in addition to minerals.
The source of nitrogen is ammonium nitrate, urea, nitrophoska, ammophoska. Ammonium sulfate is a salt of sulfuric acid; when applying this fertilizer to the soil, the acidity level should be controlled. Nitrogen components are especially needed in the first phase of the growth of the bush, when leaves are formed.
Juicy and healthy greens are needed for photosynthesis
Phosphorus minerals are needed for a full harvest. Flowers will not be tied without this element. The lack of this element is signaled by the uncharacteristic lilac shade of the leaf plates. Young leaves begin to curl at the edges. All these are signs of an undeveloped root system. A large number of fruits from such a plant can not be expected. The ovaries will develop slowly. The distribution of resources in plants occurs in such a way that the growth points are the first to receive nutrients. Then the leaf plates involved in photosynthesis. Only then do the remnants of the juices go to the fruits. The first feeding of eggplants is done with phosphorus so that the root mass grows.
Note! It is also not recommended to abuse phosphorus. For the entire growing season, phosphorus components are applied no more than 5 times, feeding eggplants in the greenhouse should be moderate, if superphosphate was added during digging.
Potassium components improve the structure of the skin, make it dense and smooth. Potassium stimulates the growth of fruits, if you want the "blue" ones to be larger, you need to pay attention to the symptoms that signal a lack of potassium:
- the intensity of coloring decreases (this applies only to varietal crops obtained by crossing without the participation of other solanaceous plants)
- the growth of ovaries is inhibited, they delay the start, remain in an embryonic state for a long time
- the fruits are bent, the shape becomes irregular.
Potassium preparations are used every two weeks, starting with planting the bushes in a permanent place.
Magnesium is needed for the formation of chlorophyll in the leaves. If the shoots are yellowish, green streaks have appeared on the foliage, an urgent need to apply fertilizers with magnesium. Lack of iron causes disease, the bush turns yellow, can die. With a lack of manganese, chlorosis occurs - light spots appear on the plates.
Boron, molybdenum, selenium and other trace elements stimulate fruit formation, are contained in preparations together with amino acids.
Organic matter is capable of accelerating the growth of eggplants during fruiting - these are the waste products of animals (manure or mullein), birds (droppings), rotted plant residues (compost). Every gardener knows that it is useful to pour slurry on any crop, eggplant is no exception. They also love organic. It is more difficult to calculate the amount of organic fertilizers, but there is no harm from them either.
Important! Fresh manure and chicken droppings are poisonous. For fertilization, only 3-day infusions are needed, when excess ammonia breaks down. It is recommended to add fresh grass to natural fertilizers, which accelerates chemical processes and gas formation.
Organic matter is introduced along with watering, usually no more than 0.5 liters of prepared infusions are added to a bucket of water. Fresh manure for infusion is taken in a ratio of 1: 4 (4 parts of water are added to one part of manure). About 500 g of droppings are diluted in 10 liters of liquid. The mixture is mixed well, covered loosely, kept in a warm place. Organic matter is applied no more than once every 2 weeks. It is recommended to feed the eggplants after planting.
Note! It is impossible to completely replace minerals with organic matter, in the manure, the infusion of herbs, the content of minerals is insufficient, but there is a lot of nitrogen.
Organic fertilizing is especially useful in the first phase of growth, before the fruit darkens. During the ripening period of eggplants, organic matter is not introduced so as not to stimulate the growth of green mass. Then all the juices will be directed to the fruits.
When eggplants grow poorly in the open field, experienced gardeners recommend introducing complex formulations. Such mixtures are easy to use, it is enough to dissolve the recommended amount of granules or powder in the recommended volume of water. Each manufacturer must indicate instructions for use on the packaging.
- Complex fertilizer for nightshade crops
- Good power
Important! For foliar feeding, recommended in dry periods of summer, the amount of water is doubled.
Eggplants in the greenhouse and in the beds are fed at the root in the evening so that there are no burns on the foliage. After complex balanced mixtures, eggplants grow exclusively!
Liquid formulations with vermicompost, microelements, despite the relatively high cost, are purchased for seedlings. These are the most effective feeding. The universal Agricola can be applied throughout the growing season; in addition to the main elements, the composition contains boron, copper, magnesium and manganese. Complex fertilizers for tomatoes or peppers (“Ideal”, “Kemira universal”) are suitable for "blue" ones.
Important! Mixtures of granules and powder can be applied dry only when digging, when the eggplant grows, solutions are needed. Add ¼ of the recommended dose per square meter to 10 liters of water.
Any complex fertilizer has a balanced composition necessary for growth during the fruiting period. Usually, gardeners choose complexes taking into account the characteristics of the soil on the site or in the greenhouse. When the land is scarce, mixtures with humus are effective. On fertile soil, minerals alone are enough.
How to feed cucumber seedlings so that they are healthy and plump (+ infographics)
Seedling is considered the first and most important step in the cultivation of cucumbers. During this period, light and thermal conditions, as well as the supply of nutrients, are of great importance. We will talk about how the feeding of cucumber seedlings at home should be carried out in this article.
When preparing the soil for seedlings, all the nutrients necessary for seedlings as food are laid in it. But with normal development, after 2 weeks they practically exhaust all the nutrition embedded in the substrate. That is why seedlings need feeding.
We have prepared a checklist describing the three main dressings for cucumber seedlings. In the article below you will find information on variations of mineral and folk remedies for seedlings and their use.
Experienced vegetable growers usually get by with three or less dressings. In exceptional cases, when the seedlings grow poorly, add another 1-2 dressing before planting the seedlings in the ground.
For cucumber seedlings, you will need to prepare a suitable substrate ahead of time. It can be purchased at gardening stores. It will already contain all the nutritional elements necessary for cucumber seedlings.
You can prepare the soil for cucumber seedlings yourself. There are many recipes, we will give you one of the most common:
- mix equal amounts of field soil, peat and humus
- add sawdust there in the amount of 10% of the volume of soil
- add nitrophosphate at the rate of 30 g per 10 kg of soil
- wood ash at the rate of 200 g per 10 kg of soil
- urea at the rate of 15 g per 10 kg of soil
- mix all components of the substrate thoroughly
- pour the substrate into seedling boxes, peat pots.
Top dressing recipes for cucumber seedlings
The initial feeding of cucumber seedlings should be carried out when the first true leaf appears. Earlier feeding will not give the expected effect due to the weakness of the root system. The only exceptions are those cases when, due to lack of nutrition in the soil, the leaves and stems of seedlings begin to turn yellow and wither.
- 3 liters of water
- 1 teaspoon of urea.
- 3 liters of water
- 1 teaspoon of nitrophosphate
- 1 tbsp. spoon of wood ash.
Pour 100 ml of nutrient solution under each root. The interval between these dressings should be 7-8 days.
Complex mineral mixtures containing many nutrients, such as Kemira-Lux or Nitrofoska, are also suitable. They are used as follows:
- 10 liters of water
- 40 g superphosphate
- 15 g urea
- 10 g of potash fertilizers.
The rate of application of the solution is 5 liters per m 2.
By the time of the second and subsequent fertilizing, the seedlings already have time to get strong enough and their need for nutrients is greatly increased. Therefore, the amount of mineral components in these dressings increases significantly.
There are many different feeding recipes for seedlings. We have given above only those that are used most often.
Valery, author of the channel “Garden, a vegetable garden with your own hands”, tells how to feed the seedlings of cucumbers after germination.
In the greenhouse
If the cucumber seedlings are grown in a greenhouse, then the time interval between the first two dressings should be 2 weeks.
In the same volume of water for the second and subsequent applications, the amount of mineral components of the solution is increased by 100%.
Seedlings grown on poor soils, especially if they do not develop well, are useful to feed with a mullein or a mixture of ash and chicken droppings. Bearing in mind that a solution with such organic components can burn young leaves of seedlings, feeding is done very carefully and only under the root.
After landing in the ground
Immediately after planting cucumber seedlings in a permanent place, it is advisable to refrain from feeding. The transplanted plants are stressed and may not be able to withstand the additional stress. It takes about 2 weeks for engraftment and adaptation. After this time, if there are five true leaves on the seedlings, you can start feeding, having previously moistened the soil with water.
For feeding, you can use organic compounds - infusion of mullein or bird droppings. Further feeding is carried out at intervals of 2 weeks.
Top dressing can be done with a mixture of the following components:
- 10 liters of water
- 20 g potassium nitrate
- 30 g ammonium nitrate
- 40 g superphosphate.
How to feed cucumber seedlings
During the vegetable-growing practice, many different feeding recipes for cucumbers have been developed and introduced. They are made up of organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as folk remedies.
Moreover, organic matter, mineral fertilizers and folk remedies can be used individually or in various combinations.
As fertilizers, gardeners use not only organic and mineral fertilizers, but also folk remedies - various herbal infusions, egg shells, wood ash, baking soda, iodine and much more.
Ordinary baker's yeast contains many beneficial microorganisms that are endowed with the ability to break down organic compounds into simpler substances available for plant nutrition.
Practice has shown that the introduction of yeast under the cucumber seedlings perfectly stimulates the rooting of seedlings and contributes to their growth and development. Feeding with yeast is best done twice:
- after transplanting plants into open ground, about a week after nitrogen fertilization
- a week after the second feeding with phosphorus-potassium compounds.
For use, the yeast is diluted in warm water and the cucumber seedlings are poured under the root with the resulting solution.
An aqueous solution of iodine is used in the following cases:
- for the prevention of infections
- use as fertilizer
- seed dressing for their rapid germination.
The use of iodine for feeding cucumbers is allowed at all stages of development. For many years of practice of using iodine, many different recipes have been developed for feeding cucumbers.
For watering cucumbers at the root, add 1 drop of the product to 3 liters of water.
Rich in potassium and phosphorus. Recipe:
- 3 liters of hot water
- 1 glass of ash.
The composition is infused for 24 hours.
For more information on feeding the seedlings of cucumbers with ash, see the video:
Most often, feeding of seedlings of cucumbers is performed with mineral fertilizers. There is a simple explanation for this:
- it is convenient to work with mineral fertilizers
- they contain many nutrients
- in complex mineral fertilizers, nutrients are balanced for specific plants.
Unlike ammonium nitrate, urea can be used both for root dressing and for foliar applications.
When the first true leaf appears, urea can be added under the root as an aqueous solution.
Water the seedlings at the root, at the rate of 100-200 ml of solution for each plant.
In addition, foliar dressing is carried out on cucumbers with urea. For this purpose, the solution is prepared according to the following recipe:
- 10 l of water
- 5 tbsp. spoons of urea
The prepared solution is treated with cucumber leaves. Processing should be carried out in the evening, when solar insolation comes to naught.
Ammonium nitrate is a fairly cheap and popular fertilizer containing up to 34% nitrogen in ammonia and nitrate forms.
As a rule, it is not used for foliar feeding. The ammonia form of nitrogen can burn cucumber leaves.
The application can be carried out in the spring, when preparing cucumber beds. The application rate is 30 g per square meter.
In the process of growing cucumbers, they can be watered under the root with ammonium nitrate dissolved in water. In this case, the solution is prepared according to the following scheme:
- 10 l of water
- 30 to 40 g of ammonium nitrate.
Stir the composition until the granules are completely dissolved.
Depending on the age of the plant, from 200 to 400 ml of the finished solution is poured under each root.
In the process of growing cucumbers, in order to obtain the maximum result, it is necessary to carry out not only root dressing, but also foliar processing. In the second case, fertilizers fall on the leaves and stems of plants and are absorbed by them.
In order to finely and evenly spray the nutrient solution onto the vegetative part of the plant, you will need a garden sprayer or spray bottle. The advantage of such feeding is the low consumption of fertilizers and the speed of action.
Before the flowering phase, foliar feeding of cucumbers with urea is carried out. To do this, you need to do the following:
- 3 liters of clean water
- 5 grams of urea
When the cucumbers enter the fruiting phase, it is recommended to feed them by spraying them onto the leaves with boric acid. The boron contained in the acid improves the absorption of potassium and promotes the synthesis of active substances.
The feeding composition is prepared according to the following algorithm:
- 1 liter of water
- 1 gram of boric acid
Foliar dressing with boric acid can be carried out during the entire fruiting with an interval of 10-15 days.
Some gardeners also perform foliar feeding with potassium nitrate or magnesium nitrate. In the first case, top dressing contributes to the formation of complete and beautiful fruits. In the second variant, magnesium promotes photosynthesis, which is very important for the plant.
Top dressing of cucumber seedlings is an important assistant to the development of the plant. It is fertilizers, whether they are mineral compositions or organic matter, that are the source of the nutrients necessary for the culture to form the vegetative mass and yield the fruits.
When growing cucumbers, it is necessary to develop a feeding system that covers all stages of plant development and includes fertilization at the root, as well as foliar applications.