Interesting

Planting flowers in February for seedlings: timing, care, when to plant

Planting flowers in February for seedlings: timing, care, when to plant


Garden plants

Spring always starts unexpectedly, but this does not mean that you do not need to prepare for it, especially if you have pleasant gardening and horticultural chores ahead of you, and therefore, already in January it is time to calculate the time for sowing vegetable seeds for seedlings. Growing seedlings seems simple and straightforward, but it is deceiving simplicity, and you will see this after the first mistake. In fact, a healthy seedling at home requires not only high-quality seed and your efforts, it requires certain knowledge that we are ready to share with you.

What flowers are sown for seedlings in February

In February, seedlings of flower crops are sown with a long growing season so that they can bloom in the open field as early as possible. These crops include both annual flowers and perennials, for example:

  • petunia,
  • lobelia,
  • Shabo carnation,
  • ever-flowering begonia,
  • salvia,
  • viola,
  • eustoma,
  • heliotrope.

Some of them require preliminary stratification:

  • aquilegia,
  • arizema,
  • gentian,
  • codonopsis,
  • iris,
  • clematis,
  • primrose,
  • alpine bell,
  • jeffersonia,
  • princes,
  • breakthrough,
  • lumbago,
  • narrow-leaved lavender,
  • swimsuit.

Among the flowers sown in February for seedlings are those that feel great both in the garden and on the windowsill, for example, balsam, fuchsia and pelargonium. We will tell you about sowing the most popular flowers in more detail.

Petunia

This is a favorite flower of many gardeners, hardy and unpretentious, represented by a colossal number of varieties of all kinds of colors. The only drawback of these amazing and fragrant flowers is their intolerance to rain and wind - their petals lose their attractiveness from bad weather. Although recently hybrids have appeared that are resistant to adverse events. Petunias look great in a flower bed, in balcony containers and suspended structures.

A coated food container is often used as a container for growing petunia seedlings, which makes an excellent greenhouse for seedlings. This container is easy to ventilate, its transparent lid allows light to pass through. In the container, seedlings can grow up to the very pick. Or you can sow flower seeds in seedling boxes and cover them with foil or glass to create a greenhouse effect.

The soil for seedlings of petunias must be moisture-absorbing and fertile. You can buy ready-made soil and add 1 part of sand to it by 5-6 parts. If you prefer to prepare soil for petunia yourself, then mix sand, peat and garden soil in a 2: 1: 1 ratio, then sift and steam the resulting soil mixture for an hour for disinfection. The optimal composition of the soil for petunia seedlings is a mixture of soil with a hydrogel, previously soaked in Kemira's solution. In such a soil, seedlings receive both the necessary moisture and additional nutrition.

Petunia seeds are sown in late February or early March over the ground, without deepening, otherwise they will not germinate. Small seeds are laid out on the surface using toothpicks: with one they mark the place where the seed should be placed, and with the other, wet, pick up this seed and transfer it to the intended place. Using this technique, you will be able to sow petunia seeds at equal distances from each other. It is convenient to sow them on a layer of snow, where the seeds are clearly visible. The seeds spread out on the surface are sprayed with water from a sprayer, after which the container is covered with a lid or film.

If you are planting seeds in the snow, you do not need to moisten them. Petunia seedlings are germinated at a temperature of 20-25 ºC, daily removing the cover to ventilate and remove condensation.

Seedlings can be expected to appear 10-14 days after sowing. If after two weeks they have not appeared, resell the petunia. After seed germination, the seedlings are kept in a well-lit place, but protected from direct sunlight. For growth and development, seedlings need a long daylight hours: if there is not enough light, the seedlings will stretch out, they will grow weak, so be prepared to arrange additional lighting for the seedlings.

The seedlings of petunia develop very slowly, at least at first. When the seedlings grow up and begin to touch the lid, the cover is removed. Petunia is very demanding for watering, it reacts painfully to dry soil. Seedlings are watered at the root, and even better - in a tray so that drops of water do not fall on the delicate leaves.

During the seedling period, petunia seedlings are transplanted into larger pots 2-3 times before planting in the ground. The first time the seedlings dive when their stems can be held with your fingers. Seedlings are transplanted into small disposable cups. After the pick, the daytime temperature is lowered to 18-20 ºC, and the nighttime temperature to 15 ºC. The root system of petunias is branched, and until the time when the weather allows them to be planted in the ground, you will have to transplant them once or twice in a large bowl.

For normal development, seedlings are fed with complex flower fertilizer. But if you grow them in soil with a hydrogel, then you can do without top dressing. When petunias reach a height of 5-7 cm, they are pinched over 4-5 leaves.

Gatsania

It is a perennial African plant of the Asteraceae family with a height of 25-30 cm. In our climate, gatsania is grown as an annual. Gatsania takes 3-3.5 months from sowing to flowering, this process can be accelerated by planting seeds in February for seedlings, but be prepared for the fact that you will have to arrange additional lighting for the seedlings - seedlings need 14-16-hour daylight hours for normal development ...

Seeds are sown in light, loose soil with a hydrogen index of 5.5-6.5 units, laid out in seedling cassettes with a cell volume of 25 ml. Small gatsania seeds are buried 1 cm in the ground.You can use the same method as when planting petunias - spread the seeds over the surface in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 3 cm using a damp toothpick, and sprinkle them with a layer of soil on top.

But it is even better to use peat tablets for seedlings, and you will not have to deal with picking gatsania in the future. Before sowing, the tablets are soaked in water so that they swell, then the excess water is allowed to drain from them, after which the tablets are made into a cuvette in which they will be throughout the entire seedling period, and with tweezers, if the seeds are pubescent, they are immersed in each tablet, one seed per the required depth. Slippery seeds are best transferred to the tablet with a wet toothpick.

Whichever container you prefer, after sowing, the seeds are sprayed from a spray bottle, covered with foil or glass and placed in a bright place where the temperature will be in the range of 21-24 ºC. The cover must be removed daily to ventilate and remove condensation from it. For seeds to germinate, the top layer of the soil must be slightly moist all the time, but excess moisture leads to infection of the seedlings with a black leg.

In one to two weeks, shoots will appear, and as soon as this happens, the film is removed, the temperature of the content is lowered to 18-20 ºC, and the top layer of the soil is allowed to dry out slightly between waterings. If you grow gatsania seedlings in tablets or a deep container, then you can not dive the seedlings, but if the container is shallow, in the phase of development of four true leaves, cut the seedlings into 0.5 l peat pots and grow the seedlings at a temperature of 12-16 ºC, for example, on an unheated veranda or loggia.

One week after picking, feed the plant with a low concentration of fertilizer for flowering plants.

Lobelia

When this charming plant blooms, its foliage is almost invisible due to the mass of small flowers of surprisingly bright and pure shades. Lobelia is grown as a ground cover and ampelous plant, filling empty spaces with it and decorating unsightly balcony structures.

We sow lobelia seedlings in early or mid-February - it will take 8-10 weeks before flowering. A layer of expanded clay or crushed bark is poured into a container for seedlings 5 ​​cm deep, a light neutral soil is laid on top, consisting of two parts of sod land, two parts of humus or compost, two parts of non-acidic peat and one part of river sand. The soil is well moistened, then the seeds are sown by mixing them with dry sand and not embedded in the soil. The container is covered with foil or glass and placed under bright diffused light. The germination temperature of lobelia seeds is 20-22 ºC.

Make sure that the soil in the seedling box never dries out, and do not leave crops without film for a long time if the temperature in the room is above 22 ºC - both dry soil and dry, too warm air are destructive for lobelia.

Lobelia seedlings will emerge about a week or two after sowing and are immediately moved to cooler conditions of 16-18 ° C. The seedlings need bright, diffused light for 12-14 hours to grow, and since the day is still short at this time of year, you will need to arrange artificial lighting for the seedlings. Watering seedlings at this age should be very careful, through a tray or pouring water under each seedling with a teaspoon. But even if you create royal conditions for lobelia seedlings, the first month they will grow very slowly.

When the seedlings grow up to 3-4 cm in height, the seedlings dive with bushes of 3-4 pieces in disposable cups with a diameter of 5 cm. A week after the dive, the seedlings are fed with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. When the seedlings reach a height of 6-7 cm, they need to be pinched to stimulate branching.

Ever-flowering begonia

Begonia is sown in January or early February. For her, the most suitable soil is two parts of humus, one part of leafy earth and one part of sand, spilled for disinfection with a 1% solution of foundation or potassium permanganate. The soil is placed in a box or cassette, slightly compacted, and begonia seeds are sown on top, without embedding them in the ground. The inoculated container is covered with foil or glass and kept in a bright place at a temperature of 20-22 ºС. Crops are sprayed with water from a spray bottle every morning, after which they are left uncovered for 1-1.5 hours for airing. Condensation is removed from the film or glass.

After 10-15 days, seedlings will appear, but it is too early to remove the glass - this is done only after 2-3 weeks, but for now it is necessary to air the seedlings daily, removing condensation so that not a drop falls on the seedlings. The temperature of the content after the emergence of shoots is lowered to 17-19 ºС. Seedlings grow slowly, so they dive a month or a month and a half after germination, when they develop 2 leaves.

If you dive seedlings into a box, then a month after the first dive you will have to do a second, and to avoid this, plant them in personal pots in the soil of the same composition as when sowing. After a month and a half, top dressing is introduced into the soil from a solution of bird droppings (1:20) or a complex mineral fertilizer.

Carnation Shabo

It will not be possible to grow this flower in a seedless way - from the moment of sowing to the beginning of flowering, it takes almost six months, and you cannot throw seeds into the frozen ground. Sowing carnations for seedlings is carried out until mid-February in the soil, consisting of sod land, sand, humus and peat. The seeds are soaked for several hours in a solution of a growth stimulant, after which they are laid out on the surface of a well-moistened soil, sprinkled with a layer of calcined sand 3-4 mm thick, covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 23-25 ​​ºС. The glass is regularly lifted to ventilate crops and remove condensation.

Mass germination of seeds begins in about a week, although some shoots appear on days 4-5. With the emergence of sprouts, the container with the inoculation is transferred under a bright diffused light in a cool place - 16-18 ºC during the day and 14-15 ºC at night. The film is removed for the day, and the crops are again covered at night. When the seedlings start to touch the film or glass, build a transparent dome - you can use a transparent cake lid or a plastic cake box. If the seedlings are too thick, thin the seedlings five days after they emerge.

Watering is carried out as the top layer of the soil dries up so that the water jet does not damage fragile seedlings, so it is better to use a spray bottle. Do not water the seedlings too often and abundantly - this causes the seedlings to stretch out and get sick with a black leg. Arrange artificial supplementary lighting for the seedlings so that the daylight hours are at least 12-14 ºС.

The Shabo carnation dives twice: in the development phase of the first two true leaves and in the second half of March. A picking is a strong stimulus for the seedlings of this culture. The first time the seedlings are transplanted into a more spacious container according to the 4x4 cm scheme, the second time you can plant them in separate pots without deepening the root collar. The seedlings are kept in cool conditions, and around the middle of April, when the seedlings develop five leaves, their tops are pinched.

Narrow-leaved lavender

Lavender is a charming, aromatic plant that is easy to grow both in the garden and on the balcony. Those who once saw delicate leaves and globular, lilac-purple lavender bushes will definitely want to grow them in their garden. In addition to all the obvious advantages of the plant, lavender is a wonderful honey plant that attracts bees to your garden.

Before sowing lavender seeds for seedlings in February, they are stratified within one and a half to two months in the vegetable section of the refrigerator, after mixing with wet sand or peat and wrapping the container with this mixture in polyethylene. A few hours before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a warm solution of a biostimulant. Soil for lavender is made up of three parts of garden soil, one part of sand and two parts of humus, it is thoroughly kneaded, sieved, calcined at a temperature of 110-130 ºC or spilled with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

A layer of drainage is placed in the seedling box, a moist soil on which the seeds are laid out, and on top they are sprinkled with a layer of sand 3-5 mm thick, sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with a transparent material. Contain lavender crops in a bright place at a temperature of 18-22 ºC. Crops are sprayed and ventilated from time to time, getting rid of the condensation that has come out.

When shoots appear in two weeks, the cover is removed, and the temperature of the content is lowered by 15-18 ºC. Seedlings are moderately watered in the morning or in the evening, it responds well to spraying with warm, settled water. Daylight hours for the normal growth of seedlings should be at least 10 hours, so you will have to arrange additional lighting for them.

In the development phase of seedlings, 2-3 pairs of true leaves, they are dived in 5-6 pieces in separate pots, deepening the seedlings by cotyledon leaves, and a week after the dive they are fed with a solution of mullein or complex mineral fertilizer. When the seedlings develop 5-6 pairs of leaves, the top of the seedlings is pinched to stimulate tillering.

Salvia

Salvia, or sparkling sage, is grown in our gardens as an annual plant. From the moment of sowing to the beginning of flowering of salvia, it takes from 100 to 120 days. Seedlings ripen at home much faster than if you sowed salvia seeds in open ground, so we recommend you exactly the seedling method of growing salvia.

Salvia seeds are sown in mid-February in loose moist soil to a depth of 2-3 mm, sprayed with water, covered with paper or glass and kept until emergence at a temperature of about 25 ºC, watering in a pan as needed. For germination, the seeds need from a week to a month, and as soon as the shoots appear, the cover is removed, the container with the sprouts is moved to the southern windowsill under bright diffused light and artificial lighting lamps are installed near them in order to increase the daylight hours for seedlings up to 12 hours a day ...

The temperature of the content is 18-20 ºC. Seedlings are watered moderately and regularly with warm water, adhering to the principle of the golden mean: the soil should not dry out, but at the same time, the seedlings should not suffer from waterlogging. The seedlings are fed two weeks after the emergence of seedlings with full flower fertilizer.

When 2-3 leaves appear, the seedlings dive at a distance of 5-7 cm between seedlings, deepening them along the cotyledonous leaves. A week after the first pick, the seedlings are fed a second time, and after three weeks the second pick is carried out into separate pots with a diameter of 10 or 12 cm. In the development phase of two pairs of leaves, the top of the seedlings is pinched.

Heliotrope

Today heliotrope is becoming popular again, and it has a right to it: the wonderful vanilla aroma is not the only advantage of the flower. It looks great both in balcony containers and in flower arrangements in a flower bed. From the moment of sowing heliotrope seeds to the beginning of its flowering, 12-16 weeks pass, therefore, it is necessary to sow heliotrope seeds for seedlings at the end of February.

The best soil for heliotrope seedlings is a steam-disinfected soil mixture of one part sand and four parts peat, although commercial flower soil can also be used. Seeds of heliotrope germinate only in the light, therefore, when sowing, they are not sealed, but only slightly pressed against the surface of the soil compacted with a board. The container with the sown seeds is covered with glass and kept in the light at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. Seedlings may appear in a week, or in twenty days, but as soon as the seeds germinate, the cover is removed.

If the windowsill is not northern, then additional lighting for the seedlings will not be required. The temperature required for the normal growth of seedlings is 20-22 ºC. Remember to protect your seedlings from direct sunlight. Watering is carried out with settled warm water as the soil dries up.

When two true leaves appear, the seedlings dive one at a time into pots with a diameter of 10 cm, filled with the same mixture in which you sowed the seeds. After picking, the seedlings are watered, and after two weeks they are fed with fertilizer for seedlings.

Viola or Violet Wittrock

If you want a two-year-old violet to bloom this year, sow it on seedlings in February, especially since it blooms for a long time, grows well and is completely undemanding to care for.

Viola seeds pre-soaked for 24 hours in a solution of Zircon or Epin are sown in a wide container with drainage holes filled with a substrate for violets steamed at 180-200 ºC and well moistened with a small layer of soil rubbed between the palms, after which the surface is sprayed with water. Contain crops at a temperature of 15-18 ºC.

After emergence, and the viola seeds germinate in a week and a half, the cover is removed from the container, the plants are transferred closer to the light, shaded from direct sunlight, and kept at a temperature of 10 ºC. After a week, the seedlings are fed with a weak solution of complete mineral fertilizer and continue feeding once every two weeks. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, the moistening of the soil from above is stopped and transferred to watering in the pan.

Viola dive in the phase of development of two true leaves, and it is better to transplant it into separate pots - you do not have to dive a second time. If you dive the seedlings into a box, then after 2-3 weeks you will have to dive them again, according to the 6x6 scheme. At the first pick, the seedlings are buried in the ground by cotyledon leaves.

Verbena

Verbena is picky and charming, and if properly cared for, it retains its beauty until early fall. Verbena seeds are sown on the surface of the soil, after which the container is covered with glass, and if the crops are kept at a temperature of 25 ºC, the seeds germinate within 3-4 days, and at a normal room temperature of 18-20 ºC, the seedlings will appear in a week. As soon as this happens, the container is moved to cooler conditions under bright, diffused light. Ventilate crops daily and remove condensation from glass.

Care should be taken when watering, as excess moisture can lead to disease and even death of seedlings.

In the phase of development of two pairs of leaves, the seedlings are dived in separate pots, and a week after the dive, the seedlings are fed with complex mineral fertilizer. To stimulate branching, they are pinched over 5-6 leaves.

We told you about growing seedlings of flowers, the most popular among gardeners. We offer you summarized information on how plant seedlings are grown, and we hope that this information will be useful to you.

Flower Seedling Care in February

Watering seedlings

The seeds are sown in moist soil, after which the crops are moistened from a sprayer and the container is covered with film, paper or glass, which protects the soil from drying out. Therefore, usually before the emergence of seedlings, the crops are no longer watered - you can simply spray the soil from a spray bottle. When the seeds germinate and the cover is removed, watering is best done with melt water before the seedlings have 3-4 leaves: bring some snow from the yard in a bucket and let it melt.

If the winter is snowless, prepare "living water" for the seedlings yourself. To do this, the water on the stove is heated until the first bubbles appear, removed from the heat and quickly cooled. "Living water" is a potent agent, therefore watering with such water should be alternated with moistening the soil with settled tap water at room temperature.

Temperature

The temperature in the room where the seedlings are grown is the most important factor in the success of the process. Most garden flowers germinate at a temperature of 18-20 ºC, but there are species whose seeds require cooler or, conversely, warmer indoor air:

  • Snapdragon germinates at 8-12 ºC;
  • perennial daisy - at 12-15 ºC;
  • viola, Carpathian bell, geychera and cloves - at 15-18 ºC;
  • pelargonium, primrose, erect tagetes and seaside cineraria - at 18-21 ºC;
  • large-flowered coreopsis - at 20-24 ºC;
  • Waller's balsam - at 22-25 ºC.

After the emergence of seedlings, the temperature is lowered by 2-3 degrees, after the pick, another slight decrease in temperature occurs. A week or two before planting, it is necessary to begin hardening the seedlings, gradually accustoming them to the conditions in which they have to grow in the open field - to fresh air, the difference between day and night temperatures, wind and sun. To do this, they are placed on a balcony or terrace, first for a short period of time, but every day increasing the duration of such a session. By the time of planting, flower seedlings should be in the fresh air around the clock.

Picking

Scientists were divided on the need to pick plants. Some argue that dived plants develop a better root system, they are more hardy and adapt faster in the open field. Others believe that picking just slows down the development of the seedling, after transplanting it has to start from scratch, and the seedlings lose 2-3 weeks of time, which delays the formation of buds and, accordingly, postpones flowering, but the task of the seedling method is just the opposite - accelerate the flowering of plants with a long growing season.

It is up to you to dive seedlings or not. If you have a lot of space, you can sow seeds immediately in separate containers and not injure the roots of the seedlings with a dive. But if you are limited by space, then sow seeds in cassettes, and when picking, use the following rules:

  • water the soil on the eve of the pick;
  • carefully remove the seedlings with a wooden stick or toothpick;
  • after picking for a few days, organize the shading of the seedlings from the light.

Top dressing

During the seedling period, the seedlings are fed 2-3 times: the first time in the development phase of 2-3 leaves, the second time a week after picking the last time shortly before planting the seedlings in the ground. Feeding is carried out with organic or mineral fertilizers in low concentration - mullein solution, for example, or Uniflor micro.

When to plant seedlings in open ground

The grown seedlings of flowers are planted in a flowerbed when return frosts pass - in the second half of May or in early-mid June. Flowers such as Shabo carnation, levkoy, cineraria or sweet peas can be planted as early as the first ten days of May - they can withstand frosts down to -4 ºC. Towards mid-May, be ready to plant flowers such as Gaillardia, Lobelia, Gatsania, Petunia, Verbena, Heliotrope, Rudbeckia, Salvia, and Snapdragon. In early June, it is time to plant ever-flowering begonia and narrow-leaved lavender in the ground. It is not scary if flowers open on the seedlings even before planting - the flowering seedlings take root well in the open field and continue to bloom.

Choose a cloudy day or time after sunset for planting, spill the pots of seedlings well, carefully remove the seedlings from the pots and transfer them to the pre-made holes. If the seedlings were grown in peat pots, then plant the seedlings in the ground directly in them. After transplanting into the ground, the seedlings are watered and shaded from the sun with lutrasil for several days so that the plants take root faster. Be prepared to cover your flowers if the cold weather comes back for a short while, as is often the case in spring.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Information about Garden Plants

Sections: Garden Plants Flowering Growing Seedlings


Names and photos are biennialthem and perennial flowers for sowing seedlings in February

And now you will find a selection of equally impressive perennial plants that you can sow for seedlings in February.

Salvia sparkling (ornamental sage)

Salvia sparkling (the second name is Ornamental sage) - an amazing garden plant can be both an annual and a perennial. It blooms for a long time throughout the summer. Mixed plantings, consisting of different colors, and monoclumba look beautiful. Looks amazing in border plantings and flower beds, especially in combination with seaside cineraria (example in the photo below).

Salvia is usually sown for seedlings at the end of March, but with proper care, cultivation from February is acceptable. The seeds are evenly distributed in a wide container, it is convenient to first mix them with sand for a more even distribution. After planting, they are slightly pressed into the soil surface.

Daisies

Daisies are perennials, but they are often grown as biennial flowers because they can lose their beauty and decorativeness after two years. In the first year, the flowering is not very bright and lush, but it can be fully enjoyed the next year after planting. The color is very delicate: pink, white, red.

Sowing daisies for seedlings in February is carried out in a spacious and shallow container. The seeds of the culture should be evenly scattered over the soil in a bowl, and then sprinkled with a millimeter layer of sand.

Pansies

Pansies (another name for the flower culture - Viola or Violet tricolor) are perennials, but they are often grown as a biennial flower, because after the second year of life it can become less beautiful and decorative. The most delicate undersized viola is perfect for single plantings, flower beds, balconies, rabatki. In this case, a biennial plant is considered unpretentious.

The most popular way to propagate a flower is to grow from seed through seedlings. Therefore, if you want to enjoy pansies in your garden in the summer, then you should plant them already in February. Sowing is carried out in a common wide and shallow bowl, first grooves are made in it with a depth of 3 mm and at a distance of 3 cm.And then the seeds are sown in grooves at a depth of 2 cm from each other and sprinkled on top with soil with a layer of 3 mm.

Korean chrysanthemum

Korean chrysanthemum is an incredibly colorful and lush plant that will make every corner of the site more interesting and picturesque. Perennial blooms from July-August to late autumn. There are varieties of various shades, as well as undersized, medium-sized and tall varieties. Thanks to this, you can find your ideal option. Perfect for border plantings, flower beds, rabatki.

You can sow chrysanthemum seeds for seedlings in different containers: boxes, plastic cassettes, cups. When planting in a common container, it is necessary to observe the distance between the seeds - 3 centimeters. The sowing of this culture is extremely shallow, the seeds only slightly take root to the surface of the earth.

Primrose

Primroses look very beautiful in the garden when densely planted, when perennials are planted close to a friend (example in the photo above). This is especially interesting if all plants are of different colors.

This is not to say that growing a primrose from seeds is very easy and simple. Of course, you will have to try, but the result in the form of beautiful flowers will make you forget about all the hassle. Seeds of almost all varieties require mandatory stratification (on the packaging with seed material, information is indicated - whether the variety needs a procedure or not). In this case, stratification can be done before or after sowing. The seeds are sown evenly over the surface of the earth in a common bowl, the container is covered with a lid and placed in the refrigerator for one month.

Delphinium

Delphinium can have a variety of colors - blue, pink, blue, lilac, white, red. It can be both a perennial and an annual plant. Therefore, every gardener will find his ideal option! It is also called "larkspur" and "spur", but among flower growers the most popular name is delphinium. Larkspur is loved very much for its lush flowering - the long stem is all dotted with small and graceful flowers.

Before sowing a delphinium for seedlings, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a growth stimulator to improve germination. After pre-sowing treatment, the seeds are sown into a common container at a distance of 2 centimeters, sprinkled with soil 2 millimeters on top.

Lupine

Lupine is another perennial flower to be sown in February! Charming, delicate and expressive flowers will be a wonderful decoration for your flower garden. It will look great along the fence, buildings, in the background or middle plan of flower beds, in empty areas of the garden. As a rule, they are tall and medium tall, but there are also low-growing varieties, so be sure to study the information on the seed package. It is very easy to grow unpretentious plants in the garden, even a novice florist can cope with the task. Lupins are very unpretentious in outdoor care, they are also easy to sow and grow seedlings.

Sowing of lupine is immediately carried out in individual deep containers, since perennial seedlings do not tolerate picking well. But before that, you need to place the seeds in a damp cloth in a plastic bag until germination. Before planting, it is recommended to mix the seeds with crushed tubers from the roots of old lupines so that nitrogen-fixing bacteria are initially located next to them. Seeds are sown at 5 cm intervals, and then covered with sifted soil 0.5 cm apart.

Eustoma

Eustoma (other names for the culture "lisianthus" and "Irish rose") is very beautiful and graceful.Growing a flower crop from seeds is a long process. Therefore, it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings early, that is, in December and January, but some growers plant in February. If you didn't manage to do it in the first two months of winter, then hurry up to do it at least at the beginning of February.

Eustoma seeds are evenly sown on the soil surface in a wide container, and then sprinkled on top with the thinnest layer of soil (a layer of about 1-2 mm).

Lavender

Lavender is an amazing perennial evergreen plant, it is unpretentious to care for, smells very nice, has an interesting and beautiful flowering.

Lavender seeds need mandatory stratification, so February is a very good time to sow a crop and poison it to stratify for 45 days in the refrigerator. It is necessary to sow lavender for seedlings at a distance of 2 cm between the seeds (this can be done both in a common container and in individual containers). From above, the seeds are covered with sand or soil with a layer of 3 mm. And then they are transferred to the refrigerator. After the specified time has elapsed, the container is moved to a warm place.

Aubrieta

Aubrieta (also called Aubretia) is a beautiful and pretty groundcover. It looks with luxurious splendor on stones, so it is worth growing it on alpine hills, rockeries. Also very beautiful in border plantings. Perennial culture is very unpretentious and easy to grow.

It is recommended to plant aubriet for seedlings immediately in individual containers (cups, cassettes, pots) in order to avoid picking, because aubretia does not tolerate this procedure well. Two or three seeds are placed in a container (in case some do not germinate, if all germinate, you can leave the strongest seedling). From above, the seeds are covered with sand (layer thickness is about 1-2 mm).


When to plant cabbage by region

You should know that this variety of cabbage first appeared in the northeast of the Mediterranean and was cultivated in Italy for a long time. The climate there is relatively mild, and therefore the vegetable is quite capricious to weather conditions. It does well in cool, damp weather and does not tolerate heat well. But broccoli grows on any soil.

Since seedlings should be planted in the beds in mid-May, sowing seeds should begin in March-April. It should be borne in mind in which region the vegetable will be grown.

The timing of sowing broccoli seedlings:

  1. The middle strip and the Moscow region - the last week of March - mid-April. Suitable varieties: Tonus, Vitamin, Gnome.
  2. Urals and Siberia - mid-March. It is better to opt for early varieties such as Macho, Tonus, Fiesta.
  3. Southern regions of Russia - end of February - beginning of March. It is worth purchasing broccoli seeds Calabrese, Bosphorus, Aurora.


Seedling care

Lighting

In order for the plants to develop well, additional lighting lamps are definitely needed, it is best to use phytolamps for these purposes. The duration of the light period should be approximately 12-13 hours a day, otherwise the seedlings will stretch out.

Watering pepper seedlings

To prevent the plants from getting sick, water them more carefully, do not allow the soil to become waterlogged, otherwise they may be attacked by a black leg.

Advice.
After sowing, do not moisten the soil for a couple of days. Before sprouting, the soil can be watered using a spray bottle, and after emergence, use a pipette, and then a small watering can.

Temperature

In addition to light and moisture, temperature is also important for seedlings, + 22 ... + 24 degrees is considered optimal.

Top dressing of pepper seedlings

Young plants also need feeding, often two are enough. The first is carried out when the first true leaf appears. For this, as well as the second time, you can use a nitroammophoska. It needs 50 g per bucket of water. The first time, 100 ml is enough for pepper, and the second time - two weeks after the first - the dose must be doubled.

Here, in fact, is all you need to know about the timing and rules for sowing pepper seeds for seedlings. Do not forget that there is no point in sowing the seed harvested from F1.

_________________________________________________________________________________
Read also our other articles about planting:

Seedling planting calendar 2021
__________________________________________________________________________________
BUT do you follow the planting calendar? Share your opinion with other gardeners in the comments.

Looking to grow healthy seedlings in 2021?

Everything about seedlings from planting to disembarking in one handy cheat sheet. Download the Guide from the experts of the Antonov Garden project!

Go to the Guide page →

Antonov Garden. Newsletter

A selection of the most popular news, useful announcements, free events and contests.
Join the community of passionate summer residents.

CAMPAIGN CALENDAR

GARDEN

FLOWERS AND PLANTS

COUNTRY DESIGN

HOUSEHOLD BUSINESS

USEFUL RECIPES

Antonov garden - a site for enthusiastic summer residents

We invite you to our cozy corner! We are glad to communicate and are waiting for the sparkle of amateur flower growers, knowledgeable gardeners and experimenters, who will give advice and answer questions. We greedily collect articles, video instructions, photos and master classes throughout Russia so that interesting and necessary materials are conveniently read and see.

Now there are already 2000 articles on the cultivation of tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers, caring for apples, pears and plums, sowing seeds for seedlings, in a greenhouse and in open ground, forming trees and shrubs, pinching and pinching vegetables, feeding flowers.

It is especially important for summer residents to determine the exact dates of planting and favorable days of sowing, watering, fertilizing and pruning. To do this, we regularly publish the current Lunar calendar and post a list of seasonal jobs from January to December.

Sections are filled with notes on agricultural technology of fruits, berries, flowers and vegetables. There are tricky horticultural tricks for all climates. When to plant onions and garlic in the Moscow region? How to care for grapes in the Middle Lane? What varieties to choose for the Far East? How to cover roses in Siberia?

Every day we add texts on how to preserve the health of seedlings, protect young seedlings from adversity and provide residents of the suburban area with a full-fledged diet and proper nutrition. Visitors are happy to share their observations of how the inhabitants of greenhouses and garden beds are gaining strength. Together we are looking for effective ways to effectively combat diseases and pests, we calculate the rates of fertilizing and fertilizers.

Want to show off your biggest tomatoes? Choosing the best salting samples? Looking to serve an early harvest? Trying reliable ways to get rid of weeds? Feel free to ask in the "Question-Answer" section and get quick and accurate answers. Experienced experts, agronomists, researchers and seasoned amateurs will proudly introduce you to personal life hacks and tips.

Gardeners are passionate about creating amazing oases filled with plant beauty and bountiful harvests! Tell us how you settled exotic guests in the garden beds, what overseas novelties you ventured to try. Show pictures and describe observations of the garden. The editorial board and readers will be happy to learn what is grown in Transbaikalia and Primorye, Leningrad and Moscow regions. Selling and buying seedlings? Looking for rare collectible seeds? Place private ads about buying and selling, searching and providing services. What if there are giant tomatoes of author's selection right in your region or sent from the Urals!

Well, and when you want to take a break from what you love, look into Useful Recipes - for a healthy body and a delicious table. Simple masks and creams at home, exquisite preparations, salads, compotes and kebabs - everything that pleases in the season and reminds the taste of fresh fruits on winter evenings. Antonov Garden is glad to everyone for whom the dacha and agriculture are a source of joy and a piece of soul!


Florist lunar calendar for June 2021

The first month of summer is the hottest time in the garden. In June, all grown flower seedlings are planted in flower beds and seeds of annuals, biennials and perennials are sown.

It will be possible to transplant and plant seedlings of flowers on June 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.

Favorable days for sowing seeds are 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.

Roots, tubers and flower bulbs can be planted on June 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 25, 26, 29, 30.

Unfavorable days in June are - 10, 24, 27, 28.

Now you know what flowers and when you can plant by months and according to the lunar calendar 2021. Focusing on him, you can do a pleasant job of growing seedlings of beautiful flowering plants that will decorate a summer cottage or a garden plot from spring to autumn.