Craspedia is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant. Belongs to representatives of the Asteraceae or Asteraceae family, the genus of which includes about 30 species. The area of growth of flowers is concentrated in a humid lowland area, however, some specimens are able to climb up hills and mountain plains. This herbaceous flower prefers the climatic conditions of subtropical and tropical zones.
The flower craspedia gained popularity among gardeners not so long ago. The plant began to spread from Australia. Florists were amazed at the beauty and unusual appearance of this exotic. During flowering, the bush is strewn with buds, shaped like drumsticks, for which the plant received the same name. Craspedia is often used as a bouquet compositional element.
Description of craspedia
Small filamentous roots extend from the central root of the craspedia. Strong erect shoots have a round cross section. They are not easy to break in the wind. The stems and foliage of the plant are painted in a pale green tone. At the end of the season, the color of the ground parts becomes more intense. The longest shoots can grow up to 70 cm. The inflorescences look spherical.
Leaf blades with smooth edges are covered with thick pile. The stems are practically non-leafy, since the leaf rosettes are located near the base of the bush. Every morning dew droplets accumulate on the plates, thanks to which the plant receives additional moisture. Some species and varieties of craspedia still show a tendency to build up green mass of leaves.
Each inflorescence consists of many small flowers, colored in a lemon shade. The flowers are closely adjacent to each other, forming a hard spherical bud. Flowering begins first at the lower and lateral flowers. The top is blooming last. The serrated petals grow together and bend back slightly, resembling the silhouette of a woman's hat. The core looks like a small column covered with stamens. The width of the inflorescence does not exceed 3 cm. The budding process occurs at the end of summer. After the buds have faded, they do not lose their attractiveness even when dried and stay on the stems of the plant for a long time.
The seeds ripen in capsules. One gram contains about 1500 seeds.
Growing Craspedia from seeds
Craspedia is grown using seeds. First, they start breeding seedlings, which are eventually transferred to open ground. The peculiarity of the flowering of the plant is that this process depends on the length of daylight hours. For this reason, the bushes will not be able to bloom in the first decade of summer. If sowing seeds is postponed until a later date, you should expect flowering only next year.
Seedlings develop well in loose peat substrate. Craspedia seeds are poured into wide flower pots, then the roots will not be damaged when removing the seedlings. Too thicken the crops should not be in order to save time in the future for thinning. Crops are covered with foil and periodically sprayed with water. The containers are kept in a lit room at room temperature on windowsills. To evaporate condensation, the pots are regularly ventilated.
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The sprouts begin to appear after two weeks. The film is removed, and the crops are carefully watered. Seedlings will grow faster if a fluorescent lamp is installed above the pots. Craspedia care activities are similar to the cultivation of other Astrovids. Seedlings are transferred to an area under the open sky at the end of May. It is recommended to transplant craspedia in warm weather, when the spring frosts recede. Seedlings are placed in a flower bed at a distance of 25 cm.
If you grow craspedia bushes at home, you should take into account the fact that the stems tend to grow. This property is often used for vegetative propagation. The rhizome is carefully removed from the ground, divided into parts and transplanted into different pots. Autumn is considered a favorable time for transplanting.
For successful adaptation in a new place, it is required to provide the plants with regular watering and feeding. Mineral fertilizers and organic matter are used as top dressing.
Planting and caring for crasped
Planting and caring for kraspedia is not difficult for an experienced flower grower. The bushes must be planted in a nutritious, air-permeable substrate. Sandy and sandy loam soil types with an alkaline or neutral environment are perfect for these purposes. The dug holes are covered with gravel or broken brick, and a layer of compost is poured on top. Young plants are fed at first with nitrogen complexes of mineral fertilizers, mixing organic matter. By the time the inflorescences are formed, they switch to superphosphate.
For abundant flowering of craspedia, a site is selected that is as illuminated as possible and hidden from drafts. However, the process of budding can be interfered with by cold and prolonged rains, then there will be much less flowers.
Craspedia can withstand drought, but requires constant soil moisture. Pest and disease attacks pose almost no threat to the flower. Despite being thin, the stems are able to withstand strong gusts of wind.
Craspedia cultivars can only tolerate short fleeting frosts. Because of what, it is recommended to dig up the flower in the fall and move it indoors.
Types and varieties of craspedia with photos
On personal plots, only one species representative is grown - spherical craspedia, which was named due to the shape of the inflorescences. Breeders managed to breed three hybrids that differ in color palette:
- Gold Ball- a tall bush that blooms with yellow spherical buds;
- Trommelstock - the length of its stems reaches about 60 cm, the balls have a bright yellow color.
- Billy Baton - a perennial plant, but in a climate of the middle zone - an annual. Plant length up to 60 cm. It blooms with bright yellow buds.
Craspedia uniflora (Craspedia uniflora)
On the territory of the Netherlands, there are wild plantings of one-flowered craspedia - the shortest species of Astrov, decorated with a lush leafy rosette covered with a long matted pile. On the tops of the shoots, semicircular inflorescences in orange tones are formed, the diameter of which varies within 3 cm. One bush is capable of overgrowing with several peduncle arrows at a time.
Craspedia in landscape design
On the garden plot, planting craspedia decorate paths along the curbs, rock gardens, flower beds, where flowers are planted as a tapeworm. The flower looks great against the background of daisies, cereals and succulents.
Cutting plant is no less popular. Flowering stems are used to create bouquet arrangements or boutonnieres.
In dried form, craspedia flowers still retain their attractiveness, which is especially appreciated in floristry. The stems are cut at the peak of flowering, which will allow the buds in the bouquets not to crumble for a long time. Sheaves of freshly cut stems suspended from the ceiling are stored in a ventilated room until they are completely dry.
Wild plantings have a rich palette of colors, mostly in yellow tones. Although it is not uncommon to see bouquets of blue, purple, pink and orange spherical Aster. The secret lies in the usual coloring of inflorescences with the help of aerosol paints, which are sprayed from a can.
Craspedia is widely used in interior design. Today, many are familiar with the concept of florarium - one of the new trends in design, when glass jars or vases are filled with sand, shells, beads, dried flowers and other interesting gizmos. Such original jars will be a wonderful decoration on shelves or countertops. Bright yellow dried flowers will fill the room with warm colors and create a mood.
Yellow flowers in landscape design
Yellow flowers fill the garden with joy. The list of ornamental plants with yellow flowers turns out to be impressive, which is not surprising, because in nature the yellow color of flowers is the most common.
People have long attached special importance to the color yellow. For many peoples, he symbolized life, joy, wealth, pleasure and passion. In different countries and in different eras, the meaning of a particular color was contradictory and could express completely opposite concepts. However, the yellow color and its shades were most often attributed to positive meanings - light, life, sun, wealth, and in beliefs and rituals they were associated with love, kindness and happiness.
In the East, where many legends were associated with yellow, only representatives of the upper strata of society could dress in yellow, white and red clothes. The predominance of yellow in clothing was also regarded as a sign of wisdom and nobility. And in China, one emperor had the privilege of using saffron paint.
In Japan, yellow symbolized light and the sun, and was also identified with the planet Saturn, personifying the life-giving forces of the elements, and was associated with the end of summer. The yellow chrysanthemum (the word "chrysanthemum" means a yellow or "golden" flower) is a favorite flower of the Japanese, in honor of which national festivals have been held since ancient times.
In Europe, yellow was considered a symbol of enlightenment, grace, glory and wisdom.
If you try to list all the ornamental plants with yellow flowers growing in our gardens, you get a pretty impressive list. And this is not surprising, because in nature the yellow color of flowers is the most common.
People have long attached special importance to the color yellow. For many peoples, he symbolized life, joy, wealth, pleasure and passion. In different countries and in different eras, the meaning of a particular color was contradictory.
Modern psychologists argue that yellow, due to its sunshine and radiance, creates a joyful mood, clearly standing out against the background of dark tones and, due to its activity, is imprinted in the memory much better than others. It has a stimulating effect, creates uplifting.
It is noticed that at the physiological level, yellow color has a beneficial cleansing effect on the entire body, especially on the digestive system, liver and skin. It has a good effect on the work of the brain and, accordingly, on intellectual abilities.
A person perceives yellow and orange colors as warm and warming, symbolizing joy, life. But the lemon-yellow and greenish-yellow shades make a somewhat repulsive impression, which is probably why they were considered a symbol of envy, betrayal and falsehood.
This is why some people are biased towards yellow. But no matter how we relate to yellow flowers, it is simply impossible to imagine a garden without them. They delight us with their flowering throughout the season. In early spring, when there is still snow, we suddenly notice bright sparks of mother-and-stepmother on the thawed patches, and then the yellow flame of dandelions flares up on lawns, meadows, fields and squares, symbolizing the awakening of nature.
At the same time, yellow flowers begin their procession in our gardens. Yellow crocuses, primroses, doronicum, daffodils and tulips pass the baton to daylilies, calendula, sunflowers, coreopsis, marigolds, rudbeckia and chrysanthemums, which bloom until the very autumn frosts.
It should be noted that lately yellow has become fashionable. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, many new varieties of lilies, gerberas, roses and chrysanthemums in warm yellow tones have appeared that are in great demand. In the open field, many little-known and completely new plants have also appeared.
Australia (except for its eastern part)
open spaces, roadsides
end of February-beginning of March
perennial, winter-hardy only up to -12 degrees, grown as an annual
the plant is drought-resistant, but it develops better with regular moderate watering, without stagnant moisture
the plant develops and blooms better on fertile soils, responsive to mineral fertilizing (at least 3 fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer per season)
August-September (blooms with the onset of a short day)
small, tubular, with a yellow five-part bend
spherical heads up to 3.5 cm in diameter, consisting of 70-200 capitate inflorescences, each of which includes 3-6 flowers
leaves are predominantly basal, stem leaves are rare, b.ch are concentrated. in the lower part of the stem, linear, 10-30 cm long and 4-12 mm wide, with 1-8 protruding longitudinal veins, covered with brownish-gray appressed hairs
each plant has several grayish-green flowering stems, usually simple, rarely - branched in two at the base, pubescent in the lower part, hollow inside
fruits - wedge-shaped achenes 1.5-3 mm long and 0.5-1 mm wide, with a tuft of 9-16 pinnate hairs 2.5-5 mm long
long taproot with several thick superficial branches
An Australian perennial grown in the temperate zone as an annual. It has bluish pubescent leaves and very original inflorescences - yellow spherical heads. Blooms in August-September. An unusual plant for flower gardens, very popular in floristry.
Nobody has created threads yet
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BidenseYellow flowers: bidense. Photo: www.gardensonline.com.au
Bidense ferulele (Вidens ferulifolia). An annual plant that is still rare in our gardens. However, it is so versatile and decorative that it deserves the widest possible distribution.
Biden is very cold and drought tolerant. Undemanding to growing conditions. This is a rather tall plant (height The stems are strong, strongly branched, with dark green lace leaves. From June to October, the plants are covered with numerous bright yellow inflorescences-baskets with a diameter similar to golden stars.
Biden is propagated by seeds, sowing in early spring to a permanent place. Distance between plants You can grow bidense seedlings (sown in a greenhouse in early April).
Seedling plants bloom two weeks earlier. For abundant flowering, it is good to apply fertilizing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Biden looks very nice in balcony boxes, hanging planters and containers. This is the record holder for the duration of flowering.
In summer, sunlight floods our rooms and brightens up our days. Everything seems clean and fresh. Add white flowers and the result is a mesmerizing timelessness reminiscent of fabulous places like Santorini. Thus, a house with floral décor will become a little oasis of escape from everyday life. Here, even a bouquet of flowers can rise from the vase and take place in the room. Lightweight and airy materials accentuate this character.