Haworthia (Haworthia) - a miniature plant from the subfamily Asphodelova. This South African succulent is named after its explorer, British botanist Adrian Haworth. In nature, Haworthia lives on dry rocky or sandy soils. Often, such plants are found near larger shrubs and trees, creating a sparse shadow for them.
Haworthia has fleshy leaves that make up a basal rosette. Usually it is located near the ground, but some plant species have a short stem. The leaves have a dark green hue, there may be teeth or hairs on their edge. Like other succulents, this plant can accumulate moisture in them, which is needed to survive periods of drought. Many species protect themselves from the scorching sun with leaves with raised white dots, which give them additional decorative effect. Some varieties have translucent windows on the surface of the foliage, allowing sunlight to better penetrate the tissues.
Haworthia bushes can often form side shoots. At home, the plant can bloom, but its small white flowers do not attract much attention.
Brief rules for growing haworthia
The table shows brief rules for caring for haworthia at home.
|Lighting level||The lighting should be bright, all directions except the north are suitable. Varieties with solid green leaves can be shaded in the summer heat.|
|Content temperature||The temperature regime for the pot culture is almost not important: Haworthia feels good in normal room conditions, but in winter it is advisable to reduce the temperature to +12 or +15 degrees.|
|Watering mode||During the growth period, the soil is moistened moderately. The plant should be watered after the top layer of the earth has dried. If a dormant period occurs in winter, water it about once a month.|
|Air humidity||Air humidity is not important for growing Haworthia, ordinary room is suitable.|
|The soil||You can use ready-made soil for cacti.|
|Top dressing||Held monthly from mid-spring to late summer. Fertilizers for cacti can be used, but the recommended dosage should be halved.|
|Transfer||Transplants of young specimens are carried out annually, adults are moved three times less often. The procedure is best done in the spring.|
|Bloom||Nondescript enough. In floriculture, the plant is valued for its elegant leaves.|
|Dormant period||Weakly expressed. The plant usually rests in winter, during this time it can be removed to a cooler but lighter room or placed further from heating appliances.|
|Reproduction||Seeds or vegetatively, separating the “baby” rosettes.|
|Pests||The plant can infect mealybugs and scale insects. They are fought with the help of insecticidal preparations.|
|Diseases||Decay due to excess moisture or stagnation in the outlet.|
Haworthia home care / Haworthia pearl
Main features of Haworthia
Despite the unpretentiousness of the plant, when growing haworthia, basic requirements must be observed. This will create a beautiful and healthy bush.
- For planting a succulent, low wide pots are selected, at the bottom of which a layer of drainage is laid. The desert habitat has taught Haworthia to have a rather poor soil. The soil for them is made up of sheet earth and turf, adding to them baking powder in the form of perlite, crushed brick or fine gravel. They can be up to one third of the volume of the soil. The resulting mixture should have a slightly alkaline or neutral reaction.
- Haworthia loves the sun, so any direction is suitable for its cultivation, except for the shady north side. Lack of light can affect the brightness of the color of the sheet plates. But bright direct rays can damage the beauty of the plant, so during hot hours it must be shaded. Otherwise, the leaves may turn brown and begin to dry out at the tips.
- In the spring and summer, the flower is watered moderately. If, during the rest period, the plant is moved to a cooler area, the frequency of watering should be reduced to once a month.
Caring for Hawortia at home
Haworthia is a non-capricious plant that takes up little space, so almost everyone can grow it. Taking care of a flower means following basic care procedures.
Haworthia grows and develops well under artificial light, has nothing against partial shade. But with natural light by the window, the plant can show all its beauty. But species with a variegated color (for example, striped haworthia) can lose their decorative effect if they are shaded.
On hot days, the bush can be removed from a sunny place and transferred to moderate shade. For this, open, cooler corners are also suitable - a balcony or a veranda. To ensure the supply of fresh air, the room with the Hawortia should be regularly ventilated.
The plant has no special temperature requirements. In winter weather, Haworthia feels normal at room temperature, on summer days it can stand on an open balcony.
Watering the Hawortia is only worth well-settled water. In this case, the soil should only be slightly moistened: the plant does not need abundant watering. In summer, it is watered when the topsoil begins to dry out. In winter, the frequency of watering depends on the temperature in the room where the plant is kept. If it was moved to a cool place, watering is reduced to monthly. In a warm room, a one-time watering in 2 weeks will be enough. At the same time, water should not flow into the outlet: this often leads to the development of diseases. In addition, from waterlogging, Haworthia leaves can begin to wither and fall off.
If the plant lacks moisture, then the tips of the leaves begin to deteriorate, acquire a brown color, dry out and die.
Due to its fleshy leaves, Haworthia is insensitive to moisture levels, so the flower does not need to be sprayed.
Soil and pot selection
For planting, a rounded, wide, but not too deep container is selected. Excessive pot depth can lead to stagnation of liquid at the roots. It is also not recommended to choose a pot "in reserve" - a little tightness will have a positive effect on the appearance of the Haworthia. A sufficient drainage layer is certainly placed on the bottom of the pot. As a soil, you can use ready-made soils for cacti, adding a little clay there, as well as small pebbles or expanded clay. This will help drain off excess water.
The rosettes of the planted bush must be completely above the ground. But it is worth watching the exposure of the roots, pouring earth into the pot as necessary. If this is not done, the roots of the plant can dry out too quickly.
It is recommended to fertilize haworthia during the entire growing season, feeding is carried out about once a month. Complex formulations for cacti are suitable, but the indicated dosage should be halved. Top dressing is advised to be combined with watering so as not to overmoisten the soil. From autumn to mid-spring, you do not need to fertilize the plant. An excess of nitrogen for a plant is very harmful, in addition, excess nutrients can lead to a change in the color of the leaves.
A newly transplanted flower does not need additional feeding for the whole season.
Due to the compact size of the bush, the haworthia transplant is not difficult. It is produced when the plant ceases to fit in an old pot. Haworthia leaves in this case begin to shrink. Younger, more actively growing specimens move annually. More adults are transplanted every 2-3 years. The bush removed from the pot is checked for signs of rot and dried or damaged roots are removed. All sections should be treated with an antiseptic.
During flowering, a long peduncle with small nondescript flowers appears from the Haworthia rosette. Due to the fact that the flowers are not too decorative and take away a lot of energy from the plant, it is recommended to remove the peduncles immediately after they appear. This will allow the bush to not waste energy on the formation of buds. In addition, some species die immediately after flowering or ripening in the event of pollination.
Breeding methods of Haworthia
When the lateral rosettes have formed their roots, they can be carefully separated from the mother bush and immediately planted in a pot of moist soil. Spring is considered the best time for this procedure. If a separated stalk with several leaves did not have roots, before planting, its cut must be powdered with ash, dried for several days, and then placed in a container with moist light soil, for example, with sand. When the cutting takes root, it is transplanted into regular soil.
Haworthia can also be propagated by leaf cuttings cut at an angle. After separation, they must be dried and then planted in the sand. It takes about a month to root. In this case, before the development of the roots, it is not worth watering the sand; you can only slightly spray its surface from a spray bottle. It is not recommended to cover the cuttings with jars or bags - greenhouse conditions in this case are more likely to cause the development of rot than to accelerate rooting.
Haworthia Care How to propagate and plant Haworthia children
Growing from seeds
Despite the availability in flower shops, Haworthia seeds do not have a good germination rate and have a long development cycle, so the vegetative propagation method is considered the simplest and most reliable. Most often, breeders resort to such an alternative. Seeds are sown superficially, spreading over loose and light soil or sand. Covering the container with a film or glass, it is removed in a bright and warm enough (up to +25 degrees) place.
Types of Haworthia with photos and descriptions
Barrelless perennial. The bush is made up of several tight rosettes of thick oblong leaves. From the inside, they have protruding white stripes, and from the front side they are painted in a uniform green color and have a smooth surface. The length of each leaf reaches 5 cm, and the width is no more than 1.5 cm.
In terms of its characteristics, the look is similar to the striped havoria, but it looks less elegant. Its leaves are decorated with raised dots, which have both a contrasting white and green color. The leaf blades are longer - up to 7 cm with a width of 1.5 cm.
This species is also known as the twisty aloe. It is distinguished by a small stem, reaching no more than 15 cm in height. The leaf blades are dark green and short - only up to 2.5 cm in length. There are small growths on the convex seamy side.
Bushes can vary in height, but usually it does not exceed 20 cm. Leaf blades in rosettes form three vertical rows. The length of each leaf is small - about 2.5 cm. Each leaf has a bent tip, at the base it is dark green, and closer to the edge it acquires a reddish tint.
Haworthia navicular (Haworthia cymbiformis)
The leaves of this variety are indeed rook-shaped. They are uniformly colored in light green tones. The rosette of such a haworthia reaches about 10 cm in diameter, in the presence of lateral shoots, the plant bush can be about 20 cm wide.Translucent windows can be found on the leaves, facilitating the penetration of sunlight.
Haworthia pearl (Haworthia margaritifera)
The stem of the pearl haworthia is almost absent. The outlet includes dense and rigid leaves, pointed to the top. Their length reaches 8 cm, and their width is up to 2.5 cm. On all sides, the dark green foliage is covered with rounded convex specks of white color, larger than those of other types of haworthia. Their presence makes the plant especially spectacular. During flowering, an inflorescence-brush of small greenish flowers is formed on the bush. After its completion, the main plant dies, being replaced by daughter rosettes.
Haworthia chess (Haworthia tesselata)
The fleshy leaf blades are triangular in shape and jagged edges. The main color of the leaf is greenish-brown, with a light mesh pattern. There are small growths on the inside of the leaves.
The rosette of this Haworthia is extended upwards. It is formed by thick triangular leaves arranged alternately. Their length is 3.5 cm, their width reaches 1.5 cm. On the seamy side, rich green leaf blades cover noticeable white dots, which stand out due to their convex shape.
One of the varieties of Reinwardt's haworthia - "zebrina" has more contrasting white bulges, and its leaves are larger. Young bushes are distinguished by straight stems, which over time bend and lay down under the weight of the weight.
During flowering, it forms a long (up to 1 m) peduncle with yellowish-green flowers.
Refers to varieties that have windows. Triangular thick leaves are slightly bent on top. Their length reaches 5 cm. The seamy side is painted in green or brownish tones, and on top the leaves have light strokes and stripes resembling the color of a watermelon. There are varieties that are almost devoid of green color, as well as more pronounced variegated varieties. The "Gigant" variety stands out for its particularly large foliage with veins on the upper part.
Haworthia: home care
The houseplant Haworthia belongs to the genus of dwarf stemless, or short-stemmed, succulents of the Xanthorrhea family, growing in the arid regions of Central and West Africa. The genus, numbering, according to various sources, from 50 to 500 species, got its name in honor of the English botanist Adrian Haworth, thanks to whom the unknown representative of the African flora took her place in the classification of plants.
The tough, fleshy leaves of Haworthia look very much like agave or aloe leaves. Collected in a tight socket, they serve as reservoirs for the plant, which contain a solid supply of life-giving moisture in case of a long drought. Warty growths (tubercles) on the foliage, similar to drops of frozen sugar glaze, give the plant a special charm. Some types of tubercles do not have, but on their leaves there are translucent areas ("windows") that let light into the plate. In indoor conditions, Haworthia does not bloom, but you should not worry about this: the small white flowers of the plant are unattractive and inconspicuous. In the room collection, the African woman looks advantageous in the company of other succulents, such as euphorbia, oscularia, green and pubescent cacti, and a fat woman. Growing haworthia does not require special skills; even a novice florist can achieve the location of the desert beauty.
Haworthia came to me seven years ago. At that time, I was on fire with the idea of creating a succulent garden, and ran away from the nearest obi. There, without thinking at all about the concept of the garden and the rules for its compilation, I grabbed the plants I liked: crassula perforated, a small cactus and haworthia. At home, I quickly shoved all the plants into ordinary soil in a wide bowl, adding another small branch from my money tree. Decorated with pebbles and prepared to enjoy the beauty for a long time. But miracles do not happen, and with the addition of excessive watering, all the inhabitants of the garden began to slowly move to another world. And only one Haworthia did not complain about anything, only grew and grew to herself. In the end, she was left alone in the bowl.Then I transplanted her into a separate pot and was terribly angry with her. She seemed to me some kind of monster that killed the other inhabitants of the bowl.
Haworthia began to live in a separate pot on the west window. Years passed, I did not replant her, did not feed her, sometimes in an attack of a floricultural impulse I watered often, and when the gust passed, I could not water for weeks. And the Haworthia kept growing and growing, even got children. One kid was generally as tall as her mother. I was more and more convinced of the opinion that this is not a plant, but a monster - nothing takes it.
This spring I again took up indoor floriculture. I was examining my flowers, which survived in the years of oblivion, and I caught sight of the Haworthia. For the first time she seemed beautiful to me, and I decided to urgently plant her overage baby and change the soil to soil for succulents. The operation was successful, the baby found a temporary home in a plastic jar. And my hvaortia decided to thank it with flowering. Haworthia's flowers are nondescript, but cute, and the peduncle is incredibly long. First, the lower bud blooms and then higher and higher.
Haworthia is a beautiful and extremely unpretentious plant. Very suitable for careless housewives, to whom I belong. But good housewives, of course, will do too. Do not be afraid to make yourself such a green friend, he is aimed at survival.
Hello! Today I decided to tell you about another favorite succulent plant of mine, Haworthia. I have fewer species than Echeveria, but they, too, will surprise you with their shape.
First, let's admire these little ones.
I often consult with professionals who have been growing these plants for more than 2-3 years. I don't listen to the Internet and other popular groups.
INPot selection. The roots of the Haworthia are powerful and large. That is, they need deep pots. The plant grows mainly in breadth. Absolutely does not require re-rooting.
Priming: handmade. Natural habitat at Haworthia: deserts. That is, the soil can be very poor. I take soil for cacti and succulents, mix it with charcoal (I'll tell you why I'm doing this later) and river sand. The proportions are as follows: 40% soil, 50% sand, 10% coal. More sand can be added to the Haworthias. Everything is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pot. There should be enough drainage in the pot (about 20% of the space in the pot). Oversupply water is the enemy of succulents!
Care: watering plants in summer - once every 10-12 days, as the earth dries up. The water must never stagnate! Succulents themselves are the guardians of water. Make sure that it does not remain in the pallet. There is a huge amount of it in their leaves. In winter, you can forget about them altogether, the stage of rest begins. (November-March)
Window selection: sunny side, but it is a little desirable to shade. In direct sunlight, the plant turns brown.
Breeding: I propagate them by cuttings. No one practices leaf breeding at Haworthia.
Fertilizer: try not to use. Once every 3 months I water it with water with a drop of mineral fertilizer. They have enough.
MAIN SUCCULENT DISEASE-ROT
It can be brought along with the store earth. (In the OBI store, plants are almost always sold with it.) It can appear due to frequent overfilling. Alas, at first I killed several plants.
Already bought with such roots. The plant died slowly (Unlike other types of succulents). The root system and trunk turns black. Therefore, COAL is added to the ground. He helps to avoid this fate. It is very cheap, but it saves the kids.
►After the purchase, completely rid the roots of the purchased land. Can be slightly soaked with water. Old and dead roots must be removed.
►Once a month I spill the plants with a weak, barely pink solution of potassium permanganate. Again, this is prevention of rot.
►If you were presented with a florarium, then I recommend immediately pulling out the plants from there and planting them in ordinary pots. In florariums, water stagnates and clean air weakly passes. Plants may not survive.
►If suddenly in your pot one plant has died from rot, and the second is still intact, in no case leave the second plant in the same land! This land is already infected, it needs to be thrown out, a living plant should be planted in new fresh soil, after clearing the roots of the old soil.
►Rooting plants is better in sand.
►When watering, try not to touch the leaves
►If the plant is brownish, put it in the shade for a while. It will return to its green color.
►►Generally Haworthia do not like watering... They can be left for 1-2 months, come and they will still be 100% alive. The most unpretentious succulent.
Ideal for beginners
Basically I like deciduous plants, aroids, succulents not very much, but I really like some varieties. I wanted to buy Cooper's Hawortia for a long time, but did not come across. In stores, such plants are quite expensive, but from time to time local growers sell the surplus.
Haworthia Cooper interesting with unusual and beautiful leaves in the form of water drops with green paint. From above, they are transparent, so a beautiful decorative effect of the plant is created. There is a small pile along the edges of the leaves.
In general, the plant is unpretentious, suitable for keeping flower growers who do not like to coward over plants, wipe the leaves, spray. Haworthia doesn't like all this. She needs peace and rare watering.
Peas for growing haworthia.
Like all succulents, Haworthia does not like excess moisture in the soil, so you need to choose the right pot and soil. Small round pots are best, not too much larger than the ground part of the plant.
Plant Cooper's Hawortia in small round pots. Flatter options with good drainage should be preferred. You should not plant the plant in square pots, because the trunkata does not like excess water, and if the soil is too wet, the leaves begin to rot.
Haworthia can be planted in the soil for succulents, you can also prepare a mixture of clay-sod and leafy soil, coarse sand, brick chips yourself, you can add perlite. The soil should not be dense and moisture permeable.
The rules are not complicated, similar to planting any succulents and other cuttings. Drainage is laid at the bottom of the pot, then a little prepared substrate is poured, a cutting is placed, covered with substrate around the edges, the soil can be tamped slightly, but quite a bit.
Succulents do not require frequent watering, so they are optimal for growers who love plants, but do not have the time to take care of them. The plant provides for a supply of water with foliage, so in the summer haworthia needs to be watered once or twice a week when the soil dries up. In winter, once a month is enough. Watering is carried out with settled water, room temperature in summer, cool temperature in winter. It is advisable to water in a pan, which is optimal for low pots. Water must not be poured into the outlet of the plant.
Hawortia needs to be fed with fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen fertilizers are not suitable for the plant. It is necessary to carry out top dressing from March to the dormant period, October. Top dressing is carried out once a month.
Haworthia grows in nature in Africa, she does not like scorching sunlight, she needs bright, diffused light in indoor growing conditions.
Cooper's Haworthia grows normally in dry air, so it does not need to be sprayed. In summer, the plant feels fine at +25 degrees Celsius; in winter, during the dormant period, it is advisable to maintain about +14 degrees.
Reproduction of Haworthia.
Haworthia reproduces by lateral layers, leaves and seeds. Seeds are more difficult, you need a special soil, a greenhouse. It is placed in a darkened place until shoots emerge. After emergence, bright artificial lighting is provided.
When planting a shoot, it is separated from the main plant, placed in a greenhouse. It is advisable to separate shoots with small roots.
The plant takes root with a leaf after it has dried. To do this, the leaf is cut off, left to dry for a couple of days, after which it must be put in coarse sand, covered a little, providing a greenhouse, but the air must still pass to the plant. After the formation of the roots, the leaf can be transferred to the ground.
In general, Haworthia is a plant that does not require much maintenance. But it is important do not overdry, do not fill the soil, diffuse lighting.
Other popular types of succulent Haworthia
The following types of succulents are also in demand among florists:
- Haworthia cooper or trunkata (Haworthia cooperi)... It has light green leaves, on the edges of which there is a characteristic "awn" and transparent stripes around the tips.
Some varieties have completely transparent leaves. Haworthia retusaorHaworthia Retuza... It has leaves of a triangular shape with denticles along the edge.
On the lower part of the leaf plate there are small warts, and on the upper part there are lines resembling a mesh. Haworthia cymbiformis or Haworthia navicular. The adult rosette reaches up to 8 cm in diameter.
It blooms with traditional white flowers, up to 10 cm high.
Succulents are unpretentious plants that do not require abundant frequent watering and can withstand temperature extremes. This makes them ideal "pets" for people who are constantly on the road or just very busy, forgetting to water the flowers in the house.
However, this is not why I love succulents. They are just very interesting and wonderful.
One of my favorites is Haworthia. I call it a crocodile because of its thick pointed leaves - like a bunch of crocodile tails, they stick out of a pot.
Haworthia appeared in my childhood, when I just began to be interested in indoor plants and did not know its name.
There are several types of haworthia, and one of the most common is striped haworthia. She has no trunk. Her leaves are thickened, dark green, covered with white growths-pimples on one side, and on the other they are smooth. Plants grow in a dense rosette, bush. My Haworthia grows often, and I share the shoots with everyone I can.
That is, it is easy to propagate it by simply digging out a new bush.
It is better to put Hawortia in this place in a brightly lit place, but not in direct sunlight. So her color will be bright and rich. In the sun, of course, succulents usually do well, but Haworthia turns pale in direct sun.
Watering is moderate. I water once a week - that's enough. In winter, succulents need little water, this is a dormant period. And Haworthia is no exception. If the house is cold and you water the haworthia frequently, the leaves may start to rot. So it is necessary to ensure that the soil is not waterlogged.
Haworthia usually pleases us with its decorative appearance, but sometimes it blooms:
It is better to plant in a small, shallow pot. I choose a special soil: for succulents.
I really like this flower. Will decorate any interior!
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