How to feed your cat?
How to feed animals properly - dry food or meat? I alternate food for the cats: in the winter I cook it myself, in the summer I give it dry. Is it not harmful? You need to immediately decide which type of feeding is preferable to you - dry or wet. If dry, then you need to choose a good cat food of exactly the age and weight category to which your pet (or pet) belongs. All high-quality food costs no less than 90-100 rubles per kilogram and is divided not according to tastes, but according to the age and physiological state of the animal. In addition, there are food for certain breeds of cats.
If a wet type of feeding is preferable, then it is better to forget about dry food, and choose canned food, again based on the age and weight of the animal. A mixed type of feeding is possible, but then it is necessary to take dry food and canned food from the same company. However, on a mixed type of feeding, cats overeat more often.
There are a number of restrictions in feeding "home" food:
- fatty, fried, smoked, salted, flour, bones and bone broths are strictly prohibited,
- oats ("Hercules") - an excess of magnesium; fish - an excess of phosphorus - only occasionally in minimal quantities, but it would be better to exclude completely,
- rice - not with a tendency to constipation.
To avoid constipation and protein overfeeding, a portion of proteins (beef, beef tripe, heart, lung, and occasionally poultry or fish) must be mixed with a portion of the side dish (boiled or stewed vegetables and cereals) - feeding with meat alone is extremely harmful !!! It is useful to give a little fermented milk products every day (kefir, yogurt, fermented baked milk) - this enriches the diet with calcium (in meat, and especially in fish - an excess of phosphorus), promotes acidification of urine and prevents constipation.
It is undesirable to "jump" from one type of feeding to another, but if there is such an urgent need (for example, going to the country house or a sudden business trip), then the transition from wet feeding to dry feeding and vice versa should be done gradually, in 7-10 days. The main indicator is the condition of the animal - the absence of allergies, rashes, and digestive disorders.
With any type of feeding, the cat must have free access to water. It is believed that the cat needs to eat often, because in experiments cats often go to the feeder. But in fact, in nature, they often go to the mink's mink, but not every visit turns out to be successful ... So 2-3 meals a day for an adult, healthy cat is normal. The amount of ready-made food is indicated on the package, the amount of homemade food is about 150-200 g, but even these figures are very conditional, I repeat: the main indicator is the condition of the animal. Losing weight - let's get a little more, getting fat - less.
E. Rozhenko, veterinarian
Basic rules for feeding ducks
Keeping indoor dogs at home is a rather profitable activity. The weight of an adult drake of this breed reaches 6 kg, the average weight of females is 3-4 kg. By the age of three months, the ducklings are recovering to 2.4-2.6 kg. At the same time, the cost of feed is very small. The basis of the diet is made up of cereals with the addition of vegetables and green mass.
What do Indo-girls eat with ducklings? For fattening, you can use special feed or make up the menu yourself. Most private farms use the second option, and industrial farms use the first. The menu may differ depending on the season. In the summer, the emphasis is on vegetables, tops, green grass. In winter, cereals make up most of the diet.
Food should contain essential elements (proteins, fats and carbohydrates), vitamins and minerals. The main source of protein is wheat, oats, corn and legumes. Animal proteins are contained in meat and bone and fish meal, sour milk, skim milk. Carbohydrates are found in almost all foods, grains and fresh herbs. The main sources of fat are cake and oilseed meal.
In order for Indo-women with ducklings to receive enough vitamins, they need to be given vegetables, fresh herbs. In winter and spring, as well as during the period of intensive feeding, the ducks are given additional vitamins for breeding. Minerals are found in chalk, salt, eggshells. To prevent ducks from rushing prematurely and gaining weight well, these substances must be added to the diet. You can learn more about the basics of duck nutrition in the video.
What to feed the cat
It is best to consult your veterinarian when choosing the diet for any pet. Therefore, our advice is for informational purposes only. In cartoons and books, cats love milk, eat from the master's table and happily hunt mice for days. In reality, it is necessary to take into account the physiological characteristics inherent in carnivores: a developed sense of smell, low taste sensitivity and ineffective digestion, due to which food is poorly digested and nutrients are not fully absorbed. Therefore, any cat requires a special approach when choosing a diet.
Golden rules of feeding
- It is strictly forbidden to feed cats with food from your table! Animals can have serious health problems - liver, kidney, stomach and intestines
- Avoid overeating and obesity. Food should not be freely available. Remove leftover feed after 30 minutes
- Cats do not tolerate changes in diet well. There is no need to constantly transfer them to new feed. The diet should be complete, but monotonous
- The daily food intake varies between 5-10% of the cat's weight. It is best to feed a healthy cat 2-3 times a day, pregnant cats and neutered cats up to 3-4 times a day. A cat walking in the fresh air requires more food than a house cat. In summer, you can feed cats less often, once a day.
- Monitor the appearance, behavior and stool of the cat, and if something worries you, then call the veterinarian
- Any food should be at room temperature
- Remember, there should always be clean and fresh water next to the bowl.
Nuances of diets
The diet adult cat should be low in protein, calcium, phosphorus and sodium. There is a special dietary food for adult cats on sale.
Feeding dryready feeddoes not tolerate any additional complementary foods. If you add other ingredients throughout the day, your cat's digestive system will be imbalanced.
The diet neutered cat (neutered cat) does not include foods with a high content of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium to prevent urolithiasis. A fish is persona non grata in a bowl of such an animal. And no matter how pleadingly such a pet looks into your eyes, food from the table (smoked meats, salty, sausages, sausages, leftover kebabs, cartilage from grilled chicken and other pickles) is the strictest taboo. If your cat does not drink water on its own, add a little water to each serving or soak dry food.
The house should have fresh herbs: ready-made grass in a tray from a pet store or lawn seeds sprouting in a pot on their own (this is how cats clean the intestines and stomach of fur residues). Otherwise, the cat will eat the leaves of houseplants or gnaw a broom. Moreover, it is not a fact that everything will go without digestive disorders.
If you advocate for natural food, you will have to carefully balance the essential nutrients and supplement with vitamins and minerals. If you follow all the rules, feeding with natural food will not be much cheaper than a good ready-made food. And the hassle will require more.
- Meat, poultry, offal (hearts, stomachs) are cut into cubes of about 1.5 x 1.5 cm and boiled or scalded with boiling water, in order to avoid infection with helminths
- Fatty meat, large coarse bones and skin from poultry do not give. They can provoke an eating disorder (cats cannot digest them)
- Cereals (oats, buckwheat and rice) must be boiled well and mixed with meat: 2/3 of meat + 1/3 of cereal
- Vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cucumbers, cabbage) do not play such an important role in the cat's diet as they do in dogs. They are given only raw and very finely chopped.
- Foods containing a lot of starch are completely unsuitable: potatoes, sweet vegetables and fruits
- In order for your cat to receive all the vitamins, minerals and taurine it needs, consult your veterinarian and be sure to give her vitamin complexes.
There are different diet options. One of the options:
- Raw beef (lean) - 25 g
- Raw lungs - 5 g
- Bran - 4 g
- Dry yeast - 0.2 g
- Vegetable oil - 2 g
- Water - 10 g.
Until you consult with a specialist, the best option is ready-made food (dry or canned). Why?
The feed contains all the ingredients necessary for the full development of the animal. Before buying, do not forget to tell the seller of the pet store the age, activity, weight and breed of the cat, as well as whether she lives at home, sometimes walks on the street or mainly leads the street lifestyle. The personal preferences of the animal cannot be discounted either: the cat will shout for days on end from hunger, but will not touch the "tasteless" food. And the owner will still have to capitulate.
Premium and super premium food (Royal canin, Hill's, Pro Plan, Eukanuba and others) costs from 350 rubles per kilogram. It does not contain any flavors or colorants (unlike cheap brands ending in -as). It is made from meat and cereals, it is suitable for constant feeding, and you can keep the animal for a long time only on high-quality products.
Now the stores have a large assortment of feeds:
- for healthy cats of all major breeds,
- for sterilized animals,
- for sedentary and domestic cats,
- for long-haired breeds,
- for cats with sensitive digestion, etc.
There is also a line of medicated feeds:
- with urolithiasis,
- for adult animals,
- for pregnant cats.
Good quality canned food (chunks in jelly) - more expensive than dry food. This is its significant disadvantage. But he helps out if the animal drinks little, but it needs to be supported with special food, for example, during an illness. An open jar (sachet) should not be stored in the refrigerator for more than a day.
Advice: do not buy a lot of unfamiliar food at once - take the smallest package for a sample. Also, do not take dry food in bulk or in large packages: in an open bag, the food absorbs moisture and loses its attractive aroma for the animal.
How to help a cat acquire urolithiasis and generously infect him with worms? It's very simple - feed him traditionally, with milk and fresh fish. Do you want this for your pet? Then give him the food, saturating with which, he will be healthy and active until the very old age of the cat. Below you will find tips and tricks for proper feeding of adult cats and cats, carefully selected from many articles of highly qualified veterinarians and the personal experience of successful breeders, therefore, there are no unique developments based only on subjective experience.
What and how to feed an adult cat and cat?
Problems with proper nutrition, not only for humans, but also for cats, are very relevant today. The reason, about 70%, of visits to veterinary hospitals is a violation of the diet, since people simply do not know how to properly feed their pets, and this, naturally, leads to diseases of animals. How to feed cats so that they are healthy and live long.
Rule one: choose only one type of feeding for your pet: natural food, homemade, or ready-made industrial food. And under no circumstances mix dry food with wet food.
Cat owners often resort to such mixing, due to the rapid rise in prices for their usual super-premium cat food, and thus try to compensate for the shortage in their diet by throwing food from their table into their dishes. But this is absolutely impossible to do, it is better to completely switch to natural home feeding, but, and this must be done correctly so as not to harm your pet.
Why can't you mix different types of feed?
1.When feeding with industrial feed, one should take into account the fact that the composition of a high-quality feed is calculated to a trace element, and if some part of homemade natural food is added to it, an imbalance will appear in the animal's diet. If you add cottage cheese, it will cause an imbalance in calcium, and meat in amino acids.
And besides, there is no need to add expensive industrial food to food for home-made cats, since it is natural food that must be taken as a balance that cannot be achieved with such a combination.
2. Never mix dry food with wet food, be it industrial canned food or homemade meat, as the digestive system reacts to them differently.
In order to digest dry food, cats develop one type of digestion, but for natural food it is completely different. For example, in order for croutons to be absorbed in the digestive tract, they must absorb quite a lot of liquid, and natural food is perfectly digested without drinking. By their nature, cats are low-drinking predators, and when they eat meat and fermented milk products, then, together with them, they receive a sufficient amount of liquid for their life, then their need for clean water is minimal.
3. Mixing and frequent change of the type of feeding leads to the fact that the stomach and intestines of the animal do not have time to adapt, and the work of the digestive system begins to "slip". And if this happens regularly and for a long time, the cat may experience chronic gastroenteritis, intestinal obstruction and other complications.
2. Rule two: when feeding cats with ready-made industrial feeds, you need to take a responsible approach to their choice, taking into account not only the price, but also their quality, that is, look at who the manufacturer of these feeds is.
Should you buy expensive cat food?
1. Remember that economy class foods are made from low quality raw materials and therefore have a low nutritional value. And in order for animals to eat such food with pleasure, manufacturers season it with flavoring and aromatic additives that make them addictive.
2. In addition, low-grade cereals are used for cheap feed, and this is fraught with allergies, dermatitis and digestive disorders.
3.A good professional will never advise for pets Whiskas, Kitekat, Friskies, Darling is an economy class food, because they are made from low quality raw materials. And they are not that cheap either. And the health benefits of cats are the same as McDonalds or Doshirak for humans - nothing useful, but very tasty and addictive, making our pets "addicts". Most of the cost of such products is formed due to huge advertising budgets, and by no means due to high-quality raw materials.
4.Loving owners who care about the health of their pet will definitely choose food for it at least premium class - this is Meow Mix, Gourmet, Royal Canin, Hills, Eukanuba, Iams, Belcando... Such feeds are really made from good natural meat, but, nevertheless, they also contain offal, vegetable protein and preservatives with dyes are also added there, but this is better than the economy class.
5. Super Premium - Bosch SANABELLE, Royal Canin, Arden Grange, Hills, ProNature Holistic, Profine Adult Cat, Cimiao, Nutram ... These feeds are prepared from high quality meat, they are ideally balanced and contain all the necessary vitamins, there is a sufficient amount of minerals and fatty acids. As a preservative, in premium feed, vitamin E is usually added, so necessary for everyone, so they are not only tasty, but also useful.
And yet they also have disadvantages - fakes. Unfortunately, there are a lot of them for such products.And in order not to fall for a deception, carefully examine the packaging, and best of all, purchase premium food in already proven stores.
For example, those cats that eat food from Royal Canin. they look quite healthy, their coat is shiny, there is no bad breath, and they eat it with great appetite. Many cat owners like the breadth of premium food - you can buy "wet food for British Shorthair cats over 12 months old" or "food for Persian kittens up to 12 months old", there is also "food for neutered cats over 7 years old" and " for adult cats in order to prevent urolithiasis ”and so on, all for different ages, breeds and purposes.
6.There are more holistic-class feed - these feeds are considered the most the best, they are produced by real professionals for true professionals who love cats. It is this kind of food that is given to thoroughbred animals in expensive nurseries. Good professional feeds never add any flavor enhancers.
If an animal is already addicted to cheap food, it may refuse to eat quality food. But then, a little hungry, these "fussy" begin to devour healthy food on both cheeks.
Third rule: Choose quality food from only one manufacturer for feeding your pet.
If, out of a desire to pamper your pet, give the animal, albeit high-quality food, but different brands, this will not benefit him. Since, for each manufacturer, this product is balanced in its own way (for vitamins, proteins and microelements), and by mixing feed of different brands, you can introduce an imbalance in your pet's diet, and this will have a bad effect on his health.
How to properly feed your cats natural homemade food?
Cats are not people, they are predators, so it is wrong to feed them directly from your table. There is no need to give them spicy chicken legs, cutlets and other tasty dishes for us. Of course, they may like such food very much, but this does not mean that such food is good for them - it is toxic for them and, most likely, will lead to illness. What, then, should you feed your meowing pets?
1.Every adult cat should include vegetables and cereals - up to 25%, and the rest - 75% meat.
When feeding our pets, it is best to focus on wildlife. Although cats do not grow vegetables, they still get enough of them when they eat game. Birds peck grains, and mice eat, in addition to cereals, also vegetables. Eating such a mouse, the cat receives useful nutritional supplements along with it.
Therefore, in the diet of every adult cat should be present: oatmeal, wheat and rice. For cats, this type of porridge can be given slightly boiled or simply steamed with water. It is not recommended to feed cats with buckwheat and millet.
From vegetables potatoes and white cabbage should not be given to cats... But the cauliflower and broccoli, please go ahead - they are good for cats. Cats can be fed with beets, carrots, pumpkin.
Before eating, vegetables are best mashed or finely grated so that they can be mixed with cat meat dishes. You can take rabbit or chicken meat, boneless and skinless, chop finely and mix with these pieces of meat.
For better adhesion of vegetables to meat, it can be mixed with steamed bran - this will not allow the animal to separate the ingredients from one another, and hunger is not an aunt, you will have to eat everything. After a while, they will get used to such a diet, and will be happy to eat like that.
2.Maybe, I will surprise someone, but fresh milk should not be given to adult predators... Why? Milk contains lactose and casein - these two components are contraindicated for predators, since they cannot be fully processed in its digestive system. This product can only be given to kittens up to three months of age.
In adult cats, whole milk can cause loose stools and skin allergies. Indeed, in the wild, a cat does not milk cows. Although most cat's milk is very pleasant, but it is unlikely that anyone will like a sick and often defecating animal, for which you need to constantly remove loose stools. You can find out how to wash cat urine here.
And here fermented milk products can and should be given to cats... It is useful for them to eat non-fatty cottage cheese (9% fat is not sick), yogurt, kefir, yoghurts without additives - such products normalize the microflora in the intestines of the animal, deliver a number of essential amino acids and trace elements.
And here cream and sour cream cannot be given - they have a high percentage of fat. Sour cream will cause a disruption in the work of the digestive tract, liver, and this, in turn, will not have a good effect on all metabolic processes in the animal's body, and therefore on its activity and the condition of the coat.
3.All cats love raw fish, but they can't eat it! In nature, not a single feline goes fishing. Fish contributes to the development of urolithiasis in felines, a deficiency of vitamin B 1, since this product contains one enzyme that interferes with the absorption of the B vitamin. And as a result, there may be various pathologies in the animal: dizziness, convulsions, and even death.
In addition, raw fish is a wonderful breeding ground for all kinds of helminths. An animal that eats raw fish infects itself and infects its hosts.
It is permissible to give cats only boiled fish, marine varieties and boneless, and no more than once a week.
4. But raw meat must be present in the diet of a domestic predator and in large quantities - within 70-75% of the total diet.
But before giving it to your pet, it should be prepared. It must be frozen for three days, and then defrost, grind and pour boiling water for a few minutes. Such processing will help reduce the risks of infection of the animal with all kinds of microorganisms and larvae of worms that may be in the meat. But you should not boil the meat, because raw meat contains essential amino acids for cats: arginine and taurine, which are destroyed during heat treatment.
How much natural food should you give an adult cat and cat?
The solution to this issue must be approached, depending on the individual characteristics of the animal. In some cases, it will be normal to give food in the amount of 100 g per 1 kg of the animal's weight, from the total diet per day - and this will have a good effect on the cat's body. And for an animal whose metabolic processes are slowed down, and he is prone to obesity, it will be enough to give 50 g per 1 kg of his body weight. In order to choose the right food and calculate the diet for your pet, it is better to contact a good specialist.
And may your pets be healthy and happy!
How many crabs to start?
Often many people buy animals in pairs so that they do not get bored with living in their aquarium or cage. But when purchasing a crab, you should know that male crabs are distinguished by their territoriality and protect their living space from fellows. In addition, food, female or power can be the cause of crab fights. As a result of such battles, crabs lose their claws or other limbs, which should not particularly upset the owners - after all, after molting, everything grows back.
Video about crabs at home
If you still really want to have two crabs, then it is better to acquire a female and a male so that they do not fight among themselves. At the same time, you need to know that these animals do not breed at home. Males differ from females in their larger size and brighter color.
For feeding rabbits, breeders use several types of feed: concentrated, green and juicy, as well as coarse.
Concentrated foods should make up the majority of your rabbit's diet. These feeds include grains, legumes, and oilseeds. Cereals are high in carbohydrates, legumes are rich in protein, and oil crops are rich in fat.
Suitable grains for rabbits are oats, barley and corn.
Oats carry many nutrients without contributing to the obesity of the animal. The proportion of oats in concentrated feed can be up to 50%.
Barley is also nutritious, moreover, it surpasses oats in this indicator by 20%. Barley contains the essential amino acids lysine and choline. In addition, this cereal helps to improve digestion. This culture is recommended for feeding rabbits during lactation and young animals. The disadvantages of barley can be attributed only to the film shell, which is difficult to digest, so it is better to crush barley before feeding the animal.
Corn can be safely attributed to energy-intensive feed. It contains a large amount of carbohydrates, carotene and fats. Because of its properties, corn can cause obesity in the animal, therefore, in a concentrated feed, it should be no more than 25%.
Wheat carries less energy, but contains a lot of vitamins and protein. Feed wheat is used as a component of concentrated animal feed (no more than 25%). The use of this cereal as a single feed can cause bloating of the intestines and a violation of mineral metabolism.
Legumes are high in protein, vitamins, phosphorus and calcium. Rabbits are encouraged to feed vetch, peas, soy and lentils.
Peas are a source of the amino acid lysine. It is highly digestible and has a high energy value. Peas should be fed to rabbits in ground form (10% in concentrated feed).
Soy contains a lot of protein and a healthy combination of amino acids. Before adding it to feed, soybeans must be subjected to moisture-heat treatment.
From oil crops, flax seeds are used in feeding rabbits. It is also necessary to give the animals chestnuts and acorns. They can be mixed with bran or cake, as well as juicy feed.
Green rabbit food includes grasses, silage, haylage, root crops and melons. Grasses can be divided into forest, meadow, steppe and weeds. Good forest grasses can be found in well-lit wastelands and clearings. Rabbits are very fond of clover, alfalfa, wheatgrass, sainfoin, dandelions, plantain. Among the steppe grasses for rabbits, wormwood and yarrow will become a delicacy.
When choosing meadow grasses, pay attention to the fact that rabbits do not like plants from waterlogged or flooded meadows. That is, they do not need to give, for example, sedge or horsetails. These herbs taste sour. Well these animals eat tansy, sorrel, sow thistle, coltsfoot, etc.
In the summer, green fodder should be the main one. It is better to mow the grass before lunch, when the weather is not yet hot. It is not recommended to give grass cut after rain or dew to rabbits.
Silage is a shredded and preserved fresh herb. For the production of silage, it is best to use stalks of Jerusalem artichoke, corn and sunflower, carrot tops and cabbage leaves. So that putrefactive bacteria do not appear in the silo, the components must be carefully tamped during its manufacture and ensure the tightness of the container.
Silage is made from dried grass, which must be crushed to 2-4 cm, then tamped tightly into a container and covered with a film, maintaining its tightness.
Root crops contain a lot of water, carbohydrates and vitamin C and a small amount of protein, fat, fiber and minerals.
Rabbits can be fed with fodder and sugar beets, kale, carrots and potato tubers. Before feeding the rabbits, wash the vegetables and boil the potatoes.
Melons and gourds contain various vitamins, carbohydrates and microelements useful for animals. Melons can be used both in pure form and in combination with other feeds in autumn, when there is no access to green feed.
In winter, roughage becomes the main type of food for the rabbit. They are nutritious and able to provide an adequate amount of the diet. Rough forages include hay, straw, twigs, grass and hay flour, chaff, and corn stalks and stalks.
Hay is the main roughage. It contains many vitamins and minerals. The best food would be leguminous and leguminous-cereal hay, mown before flowering and dried in the shade.