What plants to plant around a DIY pond?
With the arrival of the summer season, many summer residents and owners of private houses are thinking about creating a reservoir on their personal plot. After all, a reservoir can have not only decorative properties, but also makes it possible to refresh yourself in it on hot days. Depending on the capabilities of the site and the material component, reservoirs can be of various sizes. The coolness that blows from a fountain, stream or waterfall so saves from the heat and gives strength and vigor. Very often, such reservoirs are called water gardens, since they are necessarily surrounded by various plants. It is very important, when designing your reservoir, to choose the right deciduous and flowering plants.
Reservoir design methods
In order for the pond on the site to remain healthy and beautiful for a long time and not turn into a swamp covered with dense thickets over time, it is necessary to carefully choose the plants for it. They should grow both at the edges of the reservoir and in the water. This is also important because many summer cottages have very little area free from beds. Probably, it will not be very pleasant to see the planting of cabbage or cucumbers next to the water garden.
A standard rectangular pool or stone waterfall will not be entirely appropriate in such cases. You can build, for example, an elevated body of water with a seating area or a pond with a small waterfall on one side and dense vegetation on the other. Modern technologies make it possible to make a geyser fountain in the center of a water garden or a pond with a fluffy grass lawn on the shore.
If the site allows you to build a reservoir of a large area, then this will require you to first create a real project. It will take into account everything down to the smallest detail: materials, plant species, decorative components (for example, stone, figurines, lighting, resting places, a water pump, etc.). To design such a reservoir, you will need a maximum of creativity and imagination, because on such an area you can realize many interesting ideas. There is where to take a walk - these are the banks of the reservoir and the water surface itself.
Large reservoirs have a very important advantage over small ponds - because of the great depth, the water does not bloom and remains clean for a long time. This allows you to grow a large number of aquatic plants at different depths without fear of their full development.
Along the edge of such a reservoir, you can create a natural corner of coastal shrubs and shrubs, evergreen representatives of flora, and marsh plants will perfectly take root in the water. Most often, marsh iris, lotus, snake highlander are used, and among the tall ones - reeds, reeds, badan, cattail, buzulnik, pontederia and others.
Miniature bodies of water
An extraordinary water oasis can be organized even in the smallest area. For skilled hands, space is absolutely irrelevant. Even a small pond with numerous plants will always give you coolness and delight the ear with a splash of water. Representatives of the fauna - frogs, newts, dragonflies and water striders very quickly settle in miniature reservoirs.
Plants for such a water garden must be chosen taking into account how quickly they grow and how luxuriant they grow. It is very important that the pond remains a reservoir for as long as possible, and does not become a small swamp. Experienced craftsmen recommend planting more plants at the edge of the reservoir and at least on its water surface.
They feel favorable on such ponds and delight the eyes of those around them - water hyacinth, cuckoo blossom, marsh forget-me-not, irises of dwarf species, as well as taller plants - bamboo, sedge and various ornamental grasses. So that aquatic plants can be thinned out during growth, it is more convenient to plant them in small flower containers. In winter, these containers with plants can be transferred to the home.
So that the space of the pond is not overgrown with plants in a matter of days, you should not plant cattails and reeds near the reservoir, it is they who have the ability to grow rapidly.
When constructing a reservoir in the shape of a circle, a classic fountain will look good in the center. But for square or rectangular water gardens, a more austere decor will be required. Such reservoirs are often surrounded by stone walls of low height. Plants must match this style and highlight its elegance. It can be ivy, boxwood with a decorative haircut and umbrella-shaped sage, which will look great as a framing of a pond. But for decorating the water surface, lotuses and water lilies are ideal. The coast of such a reservoir can be decorated with climbing roses or other climbing plants.
Decoration of waterfalls and streams
A calm stream in the form of a leisurely water flow can be organized with your own hands without any experience. The bed of such a stream will be narrow and built of large stones or river pebbles. Since the area of the water surface is not wide, it will be enough to plant algae as aquatic plants, but along the coast of such a reservoir it is advisable to place dwarf willows or cedars, coniferous shrubs, dicenter of different shades, as well as irises.
A "mountain" waterfall is much easier to create if the land plot chosen for it is located on a slope. For the channel, it is necessary to choose stones of medium size and preferably of the same breed. They will form steps for the flow of water. To make the shores of the waterfall look festive and cheer up, you need to choose flowering plant species for planting: irises, marsh marigold, mint. It will feel good near such a reservoir of plakun-grass and umbrella susak. For aquatic plants, swamp forget-me-not, dwarf sedge water lilies are suitable.
Springs and fountains decoration
The depth of these reservoirs is usually shallow, so plants for them need to choose multilevel plants and no more than three specimens. Plants should only be planted at the edges of the water surface or in the water. Of the tall representatives of the flora, sedge, irises and arrowhead will look more spectacular here. In the immediate vicinity of the water, you can place a saber or cattail. But on the water surface, white, pink or red nymphs, as well as a water salad, will fit perfectly. It is not worth planting plants in a spring.
Plants most suitable for various bodies of water
When choosing plants for planting in a self-constructed pond, it is very important to consider how deep they need to be planted. If the planting depth is inappropriate, the plants will not take root in a new place or will look unhealthy. Specifically, each plant has its own preferences in this regard and they must be taken into account. Some of them can grow only in shallow water, others - at great depths, and still others - only near the water surface. Conventionally, all domestic water bodies in depth consist of five main parts.
The deep-water zone is considered to be a depth of 40 centimeters or more. In this part of the reservoir, plants develop beautifully, whose leaves and flowers prefer to be on the surface of the water, and the stems and root part - in the water. If the depth of the pond is about a meter, then the plants are able to feel normal even in winter. At this depth, they do not freeze.
The deep-sea zone is most suitable for such plants: water lilies, lotuses, water star, swamp, water buttercup, hornwort, turcha and chilim.
The shallow water zone is considered to be from 10 to 40 centimeters deep. For such a pond, ornamental plants of dwarf breeds or undersized species are needed, in which only the root part must constantly be in the water and the whole plant will develop and grow perfectly and fully. Usually, in shallow water, it is customary to plant flowering plants with medium-sized stems and with a decorative leaf part.
The most suitable plants: marsh irises, arrowhead, grass or marsh calamus, tail, elodea, swamp.
In such a zone, the height from the water's edge to the bottom is no more than 10 centimeters. The water level in such areas very often changes in one direction or the other due to prolonged and heavy rainfall. Such changes are stressful for many plants, so only the most adapted species and varieties will be able to grow in these areas.
Plants that can feel comfortable in this zone: euphorbia, cattail, sedge, manna, hedgehog, calla, loosestrife, watch, chastuha, saururus.
Meadow and soil with excess moisture
Coastal areas that are in close proximity to water, with constant waterlogging of the soil, resemble a damp lawn. Very often, water from a reservoir floods the surface of the nearby soil. This is due to weather conditions or excessive rainfall.
Plants most suitable for this zone are: badan, meadow tea, irises, primroses, tradescantia, swimsuit, ostrich, buzulnik, volzhanka, loosestrife, dawn, hosta.
This zone in terms of area for each owner of a summer cottage may be different depending on the total area of land. The fact that the reservoir is very close has only a positive effect on the development and growth of coastal plants. In such areas, you can grow any plants intended for a garden and a flower garden. The soil is always moderately moist and watering is extremely rare.
The entire transition from the reservoir to the garden plot can be planted with the appropriate plant species: rhododendrons, viburnum shrubs and conifers, ornamental varieties of apple trees, cereals, ferns, geraniums.
The cleanliness of the reservoir and proper care for it will preserve and increase the beauty of plants, and will also be able to delight with coolness and freshness for many years.
Do-it-yourself pond in the country with a photo and step-by-step instructions
Here, people try to escape every weekend. And, of course, you can make a personal corner on the site next to the country house. The recreation area should have a place where you can gather with your family (gazebo), a barbecue and barbecue area. Here you need to plant beautiful flowers and plants to admire them on vacation.
But there is another important element that makes the site a real place to behold. This is a pond or body of water. Do not worry that you cannot afford such "luxury". Everyone can make an artificial pond with their own hands.
Features of the design of reservoirs
They choose aquatic plants for the pond according to the photo with the names, but much depends on the characteristics of the vegetation - there is simply not enough space for certain species in a shallow reservoir. The classic version of a home artificial lake looks like a small depression from 30 cm (usually with a fountain or waterfall) to 1.5-2 m (full-fledged pools) and an area from 0.5 m² to 4-7 m² in a summer cottage. Artificial vegetation can be placed in such a pond, but it will look unnatural. In landscape design, the following characteristics are usually set as a goal:
- Uneven edges of the pool and proximity to natural forms - boulders are laid around, sand is poured, coastal moisture-loving plants and grasses are planted.
- Plants are placed in the pond for water treatment to maintain the natural balance and ensure the clarity of the water. Such species also prevent decay of plant residues.
- Fill the pond with plants that transform its appearance. These can be water lilies, reeds and other types of vegetation, natural for an open reservoir.
Pond without films, etc. tell me
I want to organize a small pond about 3 * 5 m at the dacha, but I really don't want to bother with films, etc. (expensive for me). Also to run a couple of crucians
Ground - clay (starts already at a depth of 30-40 cm)
the groundwater is close (dry only in the heat). When they were digging a well, the builders said that the water went to the 3rd ring. Can you tell me if I won't flood the site even more? I really don't want to turn it into Venice. If you just dig a pit with an excavator and reinforce the edge of the coastline with something, will it give you a ride?
Class! Hiring an excavator is not expensive for him. And 500 rubles per film is expensive.
the film on such a pond would cost about 25 thousand (with a substrate, etc.)
and a 1700 excavator in 2 hours of work
The profane wrote:
the film on such a pond would cost 25 thousand
I take it gold leaf film? With ermine backing?
Maybe a “pair of crucians” will cost a used PVC banner (30 rubles / sq. M)?
The Romans made watertight reservoirs from clay without any films, concrete, etc. Who knows how?
The Romans had almost free "vibrating plates", and they found clay, which was fat, NECESSARY, unmistakably. In addition, they enjoyed the mildness of the climate. That's why the empire collapsed
Pay attention to the water bodies in the area. Often, if the soil is loam or clay, it is enough just to dig a hole and the water will stand. I have done so. In my case, there is 2.5 m of loam, below is clay, good clay. A pond with an area of 600 m2 was dug in places to clay, in places shallower, on average 2 m deep. The pond defended one summer - the water had to be diverted (it was a rainy summer). I don’t know how the reservoir will behave in a dry summer, but there is a fire pond 200 meters away - there the level drops by half a meter, I think I will have the same situation. Think in advance about the shape, terraces at different depths for plants. And yet - the larger the reservoir, the better for it, in terms of biobalance. It is better to make the beraga shallow, aesthetically it is much better and will not crawl, do not dump the earth with a shaft around the pond. For wintering fish, you need at least 1.5-2 meters of depth
I'm worried about whether the site will flood?
the fact that the water will not go anywhere is for sure, all summer the ditches around the site with water stand, and they are only 50 cm deep
In general, I read in some kind of clever book that it is just recommended to make a pond for drainage purposes in the lowest part of the site.
In general, the topic is very interesting - our site is also on clay, behind it there is a small lawn - I have dreamed of making a pond there since childhood, but all hands do not reach.
but all hands do not reach.
Try to walk to that lawn on your feet.
A clay pond is really a gutter. The water there will be "forever cloudy"
I have a stone pool - so the water is 2 meters clear. Not like a tear, of course. But it is clear that it is clean.
And not nearby, on clay. and so it was done - stumbled upon clay - how good! the water itself is worth it! But the transparency of the water is 5-10 centimeters. Always.
strange - the clay settles pretty quickly in the water, you can check it even in a bucket of water - after 40-50 minutes, muddy water with diluted clay will become transparent
probably the turbidity is not from clay, but from plankton, microorganisms, etc. "Life", which is not enough in a stone bowl
Quite right. The mud in the reservoir is not from clay, but from life. Both microorganisms (water bloom) and fish are involved here. Carps, for example, feed on benthic organisms, walking along the bottom, thereby roiling the water. Flowering is especially typical for small, heated water bodies. For example, I did not have flowering (large, deep volume and shaded). Transparency is also at least 1.5 - 2 meters (the bottom is visible). The water is certainly not crystal, but like in a good clean reservoir. Transparency drops during heavy rains, but not significantly. The color of the water is bluish-greenish.The water really becomes cloudy during active swimming with diving and running along the water's edge (there are few plants so far along the shore and it is washed out). It takes a day or two until the turbidity completely subsides.
The most difficult thing is not a pit with water, but a competent decor of the banks and further operation.
With fish, the issue is also solved - crucian carp, for example, prefers plankton.
Anyone who is curious can see the photos ”>
Conifers for the garden - evergreen compositions in the country
If you are a supporter of evergreen territory, then this material is for you! After all, spring and summer flies by quickly, and the eye wants to see greenery in winter. Not even so, in winter our eyes are especially in need of green tones. Gray and empty tree branches can cause melancholy and depression. How can you avoid this? Plant conifers on your site!
There is a great variety of forms, varieties and colors of conifers. These plants are able to decorate absolutely any area with their appearance. If you plant a coniferous plant separately, then it will certainly attract eyes, it will be a kind of accent in your garden, around which you can already break up a shrub-flower group.
Conifers are also an excellent background for your floral experiments. The plus of such a background is obvious - in winter, as well as in autumn and early spring, it is able to maintain the integral structure of your garden ensemble.
Before planting a plant, check how much this variety will grow in the future. Otherwise, you may face the fact that in a few years you will have a thick shadow in front of the windows, and the entrance to the house will have to be sawed through thorny needles.
What soils are suitable
These plants do very well on fairly dry, drained soils, but where there is stagnation of groundwater, or just water is on the surface, conifers wither.
According to the composition of the soil, the situation is as follows: yews, fir, thuja and spruce love fertile nutrient soil, rich in organic matter.
Pines, larches and junipers, on the contrary, feel better on poor sandy loam soils. Remember where pine trees grow in nature - maybe on bare sand. The presence of air in the soil is important for them.
When to feed for the first time
The first feeding with organic fertilizers or rotted compost can be carried out in the second year after planting. You can also feed it with a special composition specifically for conifers, this is probably the best option. But in any case, you should not overfeed.
Consequences of overfeeding
If the plant receives an excessive amount of fertilizing, then its bark begins to crack and resin oozes along the trunk. Also, the plant may begin to lose its varietal qualities - to stretch out, change the color of the crown to yellow due to combustion from an excess of minerals introduced with fertilizers. Keep this in mind!
How to plant conifers correctly
There are several planting options, depending on which plant you bought from you. It can be a seedling in a container or with bare roots, or it can just be with a lump of earth. Always pay attention to the condition of the roots at the time of purchasing the seedlings. They should not be dry, lethargic, broken in many places.
The best time to plant ephedra is the end of April and the May holidays. At this time, the buds of the plants are still in the sleep phase, so the plant itself will be comfortable during transplantation. If you decide to plant a coniferous tree closer to autumn, then plant it in August. At this time, the fastest rooting takes place.
It is preferable to buy a seedling in a container, so its roots will be intact and the plant itself will not experience any stress when planting in open ground. By the way, such seedlings can be planted painlessly at any time of the year, warm, of course! So, if you are a passionate lover of conifers, you can gradually plant your future forest throughout the summer season!
Now let's look at the planting depth. Try to plant a coniferous tree so that the root collar of the plant is at ground level. Do not bury the trunk any more than it was in the pot. Otherwise, the likelihood that your seedling will take root will be extremely low. The root collar is the place where the roots pass into the trunk. It is visible in all seedlings. For conifers, it is very important that the neck is level with the ground, and not dug deeper after planting.
Well, now, directly, about landing in a hole. Dig it out slightly more than the seedling itself. Indeed, in the process of growth, the plant will grow, expand its root system. When planting a seedling with an earthen clod, then do not shake off the soil, try to disturb the roots as little as possible.
Roots without soil, it is best to cover with damp burlap. If this is not done, then the delicate root hairs will die, and the plant itself will take longer to take root.
A fertile substrate should be poured into a pre-rammed planting pit, and a plant is planted on it, straightening the roots. Then they fill the hole with earth, controlling the level of the root collar. From above, after planting, the soil must be compacted.
Please note that when planting in autumn under frosts, the root collar must be buried three centimeters into the ground, with the expectation that the plant will be kicked out of the ground during the winter.
Make bumpers of earth around the edges of the planting hole and sprinkle the plant thoroughly. This technique allows you to get rid of air voids and precipitates the earth.
For the first weeks, control the condition of the soil in the near-trunk circle, not allowing it to dry out. If your coniferous plant is planted in the sun and the weather is hot, then shade the seedling with a dark fabric over the seedling so as not to dry out the seedling.
Secure the trunk of the newly planted tree with stakes and stretch marks so that it can root properly.
How to choose the right coniferous plant for planting
For residents of the Moscow region and below on the map there is no fundamental difference which seedlings to buy. But for those who live to the north, it is advisable to breed only prepared breeds. In addition, in the first years of life, they will have to be sheltered for the winter, and mulched - that is, taken care of with increased attention.
If you do not want problems with planting conifers, then do not take the Chinese Strickt juniper and the Canadian Konik spruce. They are, of course, very beautiful, but in winter they freeze out in any case. They are weak, although beautiful. They, of course, recover in a season, but each year you will have a struggle for survival.
Eating ordinary ones feel great and do not require any special care: Pygmy, Nidiformis, Wills Zwerg, Little Jam, Ehiniformis, Glyauka Globoza.
The problem of spring burns of ephedra
In the spring, many people, including my friend, get burned conifers - they turn yellow. This is due to the fact that the crown overheats, gives off a lot of moisture, and the roots in the ground are still frozen and do not supply liquid. The needles are overdried.
Burns are especially severe on Tuya, fir, yews and junipers. Therefore, in the spring, when the sun is already warming, and the earth has not yet melted, cover the plants with a dark cloth. You can take into account the position of the sun and initially plant the plants so that they are covered from the rays.
We plant an ephedra from the forest
You can dig a tree you like in the forest for free and plant it on your site. This should be done in the spring, in May. Choose a plant that is not too large. Take the radius of the digging about 30 cm for a plant with a height of 50 cm.Then, carefully, together with the lump, move the seedling to a new place.
Further - everything is by analogy with what I already wrote above. In the forest, you can choose your own tree for free. And one more rule - the smaller your tree is, the more chances it has to take root.
Garden decoration with flowers
Garden decoration it is impossible to imagine flowers without. Gardeners choose flowers for their site of all varieties and types. To decorate a garden beautifully, you need to know on what principle the plants will be selected: a certain color continuously, a blooming garden range, varieties of one or several cultures.
When decorating a garden, flowers are used in several ways:
- Rabatki. Flowers are planted along the paths in wide stripes. One or more types of flowers are used.
- Tapeworm. one A large plant with a tall ornamental mixborder is used.
- qualities. The flower garden is planted with different plants and has an irregular shape. Plants bloom continuously, landscape design is provided unusual.
- Arrays. Various plants are used. The flower garden has a large free form.
Garden decoration is a responsible business. It is important to know the ecological features of plants, the nuances of caring for them. it is better to pick up several types of plants that grow well in our latitudes, rather than chasing a wide composition. In the assortment, flowers are selected taking into account the compatibility of their moisture to requirements, soil, light. In the foreground, undersized flowers are placed, in the background - tall. It is important time and about remembering flowering.
It is better to arrange a flower garden in a small area in front of the entrance to the house and along the leading alley to it. Vertical gardening is also a great solution. For vertical gardening, you can recommend hops, honeysuckle, grapes.
Next, what we are, consider the flowers to plant in the garden. In a summer cottage, it is better to grow perennial flowers: phlox, primroses, chrysanthemums. Of the annuals, those that bloom for a long time are suitable. It can be asters, lion's, petunia's pharynx. It is recommended to plant calendula, pansies, carnations, mallow in large arrays. will fit perfectly into the overall picture of the flower garden bulbous and corms. True, hyacinths, gladioli, tulips and it is better to plant crocuses separately.
Look great especially, irises near water bodies. Low-growing forms of more stony in the usual areas, in mixborders. Such garden flowers for and vegetable garden will delight everyone and the gardener of his guests for a long time.
It is worth remembering about color matching colors. It is not recommended to plant red and orange next to crimson or pink flowers, and purple and bright lilacs with blue and blue and blue.
flowers exquisitely garden does not amount to much Everything. labor, the effort put in will pay off when the fragrant plants sprout, and the site drowns in their color.
How to choose a seat?
Before starting work, a plan of the area is created. It is necessary to immediately indicate the shape and size of the site. The area will depend on the style: some area will require minor adjustments. Further, the entire area is ruled into squares - segments. The resulting grid is very important, as architectural objects are snapped to the segments.
All plantings and artificial structures are plotted on the diagram, taking into account their location and actual dimensions. All future buildings need to be depicted on the plan... Taking into account the dimensions will help to competently dispose of the existing space. Do not forget to fix the location of existing buildings... Further, it should be noted the location of utilities: lighting, plumbing. When designing a fountain or pond, pipes must be applied to the diagram and the places of their connection with existing communications.
All landscaping elements are placed on the plan last.... Not only the location of the detached trees is recorded, but also their number. The same applies to drawing on the front garden diagram. The garden is depicted taking into account the number of beds. You can create an additional scheme with a large scale to depict the plants in the flower beds.
About one fifth of the total area of the site should be allocated under the reservoir. Position your front gardens so that they are visible through the window frames: the distance from the wall of the house to the flower bed should not be too small or too large.
It is not recommended to place trees in front of the house.... Their crowns will darken rooms, and the root system can destroy the base of the foundation. It is better to place seedlings no closer than five meters from the house.
Private gardens have become very popular. This is a separate area set aside for abundant planting. In such a garden, there are also some architectural elements - sculptures, benches, arches. Fruit shrubs and trees are most often placed togetherto save time on maintenance and harvesting. They are staggered.
Pond exterior decoration
Regardless of whether you made a home pond for the purpose of raising fish or for decorating your yard, it needs to be ennobled outside. You need to take into account all the little things when designing frames and stone fences around it. Please note that fish can jump out of your lake, so all adjacent areas must be done with a slope towards the water.
After you put the PVC material, it will lay around the pool. You need to dig a little soil, put a film, press down on top with stones, and select the most suitable in shape so that there are no cracks. The corners can be decorated with plants so that the untidy folds of PVC are hidden not only under stones, but also under the leaves of any exotic plants.
Pond water purification is an important step in the construction of a pool. It must be necessarily external, since the internal one will not cope with its task 100%. It makes no sense to install charcoal and polymer filters - they are expensive and will change the qualitative composition of water, destroying all biological forms. Biological treatment is the most acceptable option for getting rid of greenery, it replaces a lot of devices for cleaning the walls of the reservoir. Represents fish and snails that cleanse the pond walls from unwanted unicellular algae.