Review of popular varieties of apricot
Today there are over 1,000 varietal apricots in the world. There are apricots that ripen early, there are with a medium term, and there are also late-ripening ones. There are apricots that are resistant to fungal diseases, there are columnar or undersized. Such a variety of varieties creates the problem of choosing an apricot for planting in your area. This article will help you decide which apricot trees are best for you.
Apricot: a short description of the plant
Apricot is a deciduous tree 5–8 m in height with a trunk up to 30 cm in diameter. Trees above these parameters are rare. The leaves are rounded in the shape of a heart or egg with a length of 6-9 cm, a width of 5-8 cm. The flower is white or pink, single, 2.5-4 cm in diameter. It has a brown sepal, one pistil and from 25 to 45 stamens. Drupe fruits, round, juicy and fleshy up to 5 cm in diameter, color range from almost white to red-orange, but more often yellow. The weight of the fetus usually ranges from 15 to 80 g.
The fruits are consumed fresh, and also processed for the manufacture of confectionery. In the household, the fruit is used to make jam, marmalade and seasoning for various dishes. A large amount of fruit is used for drying: dried apricots (dried fruit without pits) and apricots (dried fruit with pits). The varietal apricot from the southern regions has sweet kernels that can be eaten fresh. Edible oil can also be squeezed out of them.
The apricot flower can grow up to 4 cm in diameter, it has a brown sepal, one pistil and 25 to 45 stamens
The tree itself is an excellent honey plant. Apricot wood is a valuable material for the production of wood products. Apricot has proven itself as a rootstock for many fruit crops.
There are two main types of apricot: wild and varietal. Wild apricot, in contrast to the varietal one, is less demanding on environmental conditions, the fruits are smaller and often with bitterness. There are over 1 thousand varietal apricots, their fruits have a high taste. The overwhelming majority of varietal apricots known in the CIS countries are frost-resistant. Apricots are usually self-fertile or partially self-fertile. For a self-fertile crop, one tree in the garden is enough to get a bountiful harvest. A partially self-fertile crop requires at least two different varieties to provide cross-pollination and increase yields.
The apricot tree lives for over 100 years. The period of abundant fruiting is up to 30-40 years, so gardeners replace trees at this age. And in production they strive to keep trees only up to 20 years, since it is problematic to harvest from a high crown. Apricot begins to bear fruit from 3-5 years, flowering period - March - April, ripening period - May - September (depending on the variety and region of cultivation). Apricot is thermophilic, but it can also withstand short frosts down to -30 aboutFROM. The weak point of the apricot is its buds and flowers, which can die even with short spring frosts. The tree is light-requiring and drought-resistant, loves loose soils with good aeration and without stagnant water. Apricot varieties are propagated by grafting; both types of apricot, cherry plum, almond and plum usually serve as stock.
Early ripening apricots
These trees are very popular with gardeners, as they have time to ripen in the north of their tolerance region. The tolerance region is a certain set of territories where the tested varieties of apricots show the greatest resistance to the external environment and give a stable and plentiful harvest. Early varieties of apricot also have disadvantages, they are afraid of cold and rainy spring. Early apricots delight every year with their excellent taste, the harvest can be harvested from the third decade of June. The fruits of this group are eaten fresh. Early varieties include: Zhigulevsky Souvenir, Kiev Early, Bryansk Early, Tsunami, Earley Blash, etc.
Feels great in the Central Black Earth Region
The variety is obtained by crossing the apricot Comrade with the apricot Sacer, and then with the apricot Red-cheeked. The tree is fast growing and has a tendency to grow. This apricot is medium-sized, reaching 4 m in height. He does not like waterlogging, therefore, soil moisture control is necessary. Gives a bountiful annual harvest. With an excessive harvest, the fruits become smaller. The apricot is yellow in color with a red blush turning into dots. The fruits have a juicy, sweet and pleasant taste and are estimated at 4.0 points. Their size ranges from 26–33 g. The bone is easily separated from the pulp. Good transportability. The tree is winter-hardy, and also has a high resistance to pests and fungi. Feels great in the Central Black Earth Region. Self-fertile apricot for table and dessert purposes.
Fruits are small, have a pleasant sweet and sour taste
Fast-growing medium-sized tree, reaching 4 m in height. Annually gives root shoots, which should be harvested so that the yield does not decrease. The crown is dense, spreading. Fruits are small, yellow with a reddish coating, slightly pubescent, weighing an average of 13–20 g. The pulp is yellow, dense, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste, estimated at 4.0 points. The stone is rather large, does not stick to the ripened pulp. The fruits are well kept. Average yield. A winter-hardy variety for universal use. Begins fruiting in the third year.
Sibiryak Baikalov variety
Self-fertility is low, the best pollinators Sayansky and Gorny Abakan
To obtain this apricot, a seedling of an unknown Far Eastern variety was used. Specially bred for the south of Siberia. The tree is low, up to 4 m in height, the crown is spherical, spreading. Self-fertility is low, it is better to use pollinators of northern varieties (for example, Sayansky and Gorny Abakan). Begins to bear fruit from the third year. Withstands cold winters and produces bountiful harvests. The tree is demanding to care for. Fruits are round, yellow-orange, with a blush and medium pubescence, weight in the range of 27–35 g. Fleshy and sweet on the palate, score 4.8 points. Apricot for universal use.
Recognized as one of the best varieties for growing in the Moscow region
The variety is obtained as a result of free pollination. The tree is fast-growing, with an average height of 3–3.5 m, a crown of medium density. It starts bearing fruit in the third year. Apricot requires regular feeding. In the spring there is a risk of contracting fungal diseases. Leaves are ovoid with a pointed end, green in color, smooth to the touch, shine in the sun. The flower petals are white. The tree gives an average yield. Fruits are roundish yellow-orange in color with a reddish coating and light pubescence, with an average weight of 18-22 g, transportable. The pulp is yellow in color, tastes sweet and sour, but juicy and pleasant, the tasters rated it at 4.0 points. The stone is not large, it is easily separated. The tree is resistant to winter. Recognized as one of the best varieties for growing in the Moscow region. The fruits have a universal purpose.
Has a very early ripening period
Apricot of the Crimean selection. The tree grows quickly, reaches a medium height, the crown is spreading and dense. The first harvest can be obtained in the third or fourth year. The tree has low frost resistance and moderate drought resistance. The leaves are small, round, smooth and play in the sun. Fruits are creamy yellow, with rare carmine blotches, slightly pubescent, weight ranges from 32 to 36 g. Sweet flesh with slight sourness, score 4.0 points. The stone is small, does not stick to the pulp. Apricots lie well and can be transported. It ripens very early. The tree is fruitful for dining purposes.
Medium ripening apricots
The largest group of varieties. They tolerate spring frosts well and are adapted to the summer heat. Almost all mid-season fruits are universal: can be eaten fresh, dried or canned... Most often they have the highest taste. Fruit ripening occurs from the second decade of July to early August. Mid-season varieties: Manitoba, Kharkot, New Jersey, Voronezh Rumyany, Phelps, Augustine, Laureate, Shalakh, Superior, Masterpiece, Orange Red, Solnechny, Uralets.
The variety is self-fertile, requires replanting of pollinators
Selection of the State Nikitsky Botanical Garden. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is of medium density, flat-round. The leaves are ovoid, large and wide. It starts bearing fruit in the fourth or fifth year. Fruits are oval, large, weighing 30-50 g, yellow color with small red blotches, slightly pubescent. The pulp is sweet and sour, fibrous and juicy, creamy, tasting score 4.5 points. The stone is separated from the pulp, the nucleolus is sweet. The variety is self-fertile, therefore it requires a pollinator to bloom with it at the same time. A productive and winter-hardy tree for universal use.
One of the best pollinators for other varieties
Breeding of the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Growing, the variety was obtained by free pollination of the Manchurian apricot. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is of medium density, flattened. Fruiting only in the fifth year. Leaves are medium-sized, dark green in color, rounded. Fruits are small, dense, rounded, yellow, can reach 15 g in mass, transportable. The pulp is sweet and sour, juicy, score 4.5 points. The tree has a strong winter hardiness. An excellent pollinator for other varieties. The variety is self-fertile, that is, it requires a pollinator. Fruits for universal use.
Fruits well in the Central Black Earth Region
A tree of medium height (up to 4 m) with a wide, not very dense crown. The crop gives from the age of three. The leaves are large, oval, without shine. Fruits are small, ovoid, flattened, light orange with red blotches, slightly pubescent, weighing from 33 to 35 g. The pulp is closer in yellow color, sweet, but slightly sour, score 4.2 points. The bone does not stick to the pulp. It is a partially self-fertile variety. High resistance to frost. It bears fruit well in the Central Black Earth Region.
When ripe, the fruits do not crumble, in rainy years they do not crack
Medium-sized tree with a roundly elongated crown of medium density. The leaves are large, ovate with a slight taper at the end. Fruits are large, with slight pubescence, marketable, weighing from 30 g. The shape is rounded-elongated, with a beak at the top. The pulp is yellow, juicy, sweet and sour, with a pleasant taste, score 4.0 points. The bone is easily detached. Ripe fruits do not crumble and are not afraid of rain. A winter-hardy and fruitful variety for universal use.
Possesses high winter hardiness and annual productivity
Far Eastern variety. The tree is medium-sized with a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are large, ovate, with a pointed apex, matte. The flowers are pink. It starts bearing fruit in the third or fourth year. Fruits are medium, round, with a slight lateral suture and a pronounced beak at the top, weighing 26–32 g, transportable. The pulp is orange, tender, sweet and sour, tasting score - 3.5 points. The stone easily falls behind the pulp, the nucleolus has a sweet taste. Possesses high winter hardiness and annual productivity. Resistant to moniliosis and drought. The variety has a table purpose.
Sweet variety for the South Ural region
The variety was bred as a result of free pollination. The tree is fast-growing, of medium height, reaches 3 m, spreading crown of medium density. Begins to bear fruit annually from the age of four. The variety is partially self-fertile. Leaves are oval, green, shine in the sun. Fruits with weak pubescence, yellow color and red blush, weighing 18-22 g, have a presentation. The pulp is yellow-orange, juicy, sweet, tender, the taste was rated at 4.9 points. The bone is well separated. A sweet variety for the South Ural region. The tree is resistant to drought and various diseases. Frost-resistant universal grade.
Late ripening apricots
Harvesting of late varieties of apricots takes place from early August to early September. These varieties are not afraid of sudden spring frosts, since the flowers bloom much later. The fruits have dense flesh, therefore they are well stored. They are eaten fresh or used for conservation. Late-ripening varieties: Edelweiss, Hargrand, Kompotny, Rattle, Sardonyx, Northern Lights, Hardy, Comrade.
Good shelf life, up to 2 weeks at low temperatures without loss of presentation
A fast-growing tree of medium height with a spreading crown of medium density. It bears fruit already in the third year. The leaves are large, ovoid, dark green, smooth and shiny. Fruits are oval, pubescent, yellow with a red blush, weighing 22-30 g. There are harvests with fruits in 50 g. Good keeping quality, up to 2 weeks at low temperatures without losing the presentation. The pulp is sweet and sour, yellow in color, aromatic, the tasters rated it at 4.0 points. The stone is large, it is separated from the pulp with effort. The tree is resistant to moniliosis. A winter-hardy variety for universal use.
Not a demanding variety with intermittent fruiting
The variety is obtained by free pollination of Dessertny apricot. It grows slowly, of medium size with a flat-round crown of medium density. Begins fruiting at the age of three. Leaves are medium, round, light green, matte. Fruits are medium and medium pubescent, round, yellow, weighing 30 g. The pulp is yellow-orange, slightly coarse, gristly, sweet and sour taste, score 4.2 points. The stone is medium in size, well separated from the pulp. The frequency of fruiting is observed. Winter-hardy, undemanding variety for universal use.
Possesses high winter hardiness of wood and flower buds
The tree is of medium height and has a spreading crown. Fruits begin to bear only from the fourth year of life. The leaves are dark green, smooth, ovoid. Fruits are small, oval, yellow, with an average weight of 17–18 g. The flesh is sweet and sour, firm, light orange. The taste of apricot is estimated at 4.4 points. The bone does not stick to the pulp. Apricots stick well to the tree, do not crumble when overripe. Drought-resistant. Possesses high winter hardiness of wood and flower buds. A high-yielding multi-purpose variety.
Columnar trees have a straight trunk with lateral branches no more than 20 cm long extending from it, and are very much like a column in shape. In height, these apricots rarely reach 3 m. Often the fruits are not very large and ripen in the second half of summer. Trees enter fruiting early and have good yields, moreover, the fruits have universal properties. Columnar apricots have a number of features:
- Compact size. An area of 1 m in diameter is sufficient for the tree, it does not create a shadow.
- Decorativeness. During the flowering period, it looks like a solid flowering column.
- Convenience of harvesting. Compact size both in width and height.
- The need for annual pruning.
- In the first year of the tree's life, it is necessary to remove all formed buds. This procedure will allow you to get a bountiful harvest in the future.
Variety Prince Mart
The tree can be kept in flowerpots due to the shallow roots
Bonsai up to 2 m in height. The variety is frost-resistant, suitable for central Russia. Begins fruiting in the second year. The fruits are large, orange, with a red blush, with an average weight of 30–60 g. The pulp is sweet, juicy, tender, orange in color. The stone is easily separated from the pulp, the nucleolus is sweet.Resistant to diseases and pests. Requires annual pruning. The fruits are eaten fresh or processed. The tree can be kept in flowerpots due to the shallow roots.
High yield, fruit weight can reach 100 g
The tree is 2–2.5 m high. It blooms in April for two weeks. Fruits are very large, yellow in color, with an average weight of 70–100 g. The pulp is yellow, juicy, sweet, aromatic. The tree is frost-resistant. High-yielding variety.
It is convenient to harvest from such trees.
Self-fertile tree 2–2.5 m in height. It starts bearing fruit in the second year. Fruits are large, yellow with a red blush, with an average weight of 30–50 g. The pulp is juicy, sweet, aromatic. High-yielding variety. Frost resistant. The tree is convenient for harvesting.
Moniliosis (fruit rot, monilial burn) is a fungal disease that affects not only apricots. Pathogens usually enter the tree through the apricot flowers, suppress its growth and development during the entire growing season. When the form is running, they lead the tree to death. The main reason for infection with moniliosis is a cold spring during the flowering period of a tree with cloudy weather and, accordingly, high air humidity. If such a spring is constant in your region or you want to consistently get a good harvest every year, then it is better to choose late varieties of apricot, in which flowering begins much later, or choose apricots that are resistant to moniliosis.
Variety Special Denisyuk
The fruit resembles a peach in appearance and taste
Late ripening variety. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is of medium density. Saplings in appearance can be confused with the wild. Fruits are large, yellow-red, with an average weight of 50-60 g. The pulp is juicy, sweet, aromatic, score 4.9 points. The stone is poorly separated from the pulp. It resembles a peach in appearance and taste. The fruits hang on the branch for a long time. The variety is winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests, especially fungi. The yield is high, which can overload the tree.
Differs in large fruits that can reach 120 g
Late-ripening variety of American selection. The tree is medium-sized with a spreading crown, has white flowers. The fruits are very large, oval, yellow-orange, with a blush, with an average weight of 70–90 g. In some cases, the mass can reach 120 g. The pulp is orange, juicy, sweet, score 4.7 points. The stone is large, well separated from the pulp. The winter hardiness of the variety is average, but it is resistant to diseases and pests. Table apricot, suitable for commerce. Popular in Ukraine.
A distinctive feature - the fruits do not shrink when overloaded with crops
Medium ripening tree. Often called Petrovsky. This is a Ukrainian variety obtained from crossing a domestic variety with a Chinese one. Growth strength is weak. Fruits are very large, oval, yellow, with a blush, weighing from 70 to 120 g. The pulp is sweet, juicy, aromatic, taste rating is 4.6 points. The fruits do not have the property of being smaller. The variety is frost-resistant, fruitful, has immunity to fungal diseases.
A promising variety of Ukrainian selection
Medium ripening tree. Medium height with a rounded pyramidal crown. Fruits are large, round, light orange in color with a blush, with an average weight of 45–60 g. The pulp is sweet and sour, juicy, fragrant, 4.6 points. The stone is medium in size, easily separated from the pulp. High resistance to winter. The tree is high-yielding, not afraid of fungal diseases. A promising variety of Ukrainian selection.
Low-growing apricots are formed by the dwarf rootstock Pumiselekt. Thanks to him, the growth force of trees is two times less, and the volume of the crown is three times less than on ordinary rootstocks. Therefore, trees on a dwarf rootstock rarely reach 3 m in height, and the crown is 2 m in width. Low-growing apricots occupy an intermediate position between ordinary apricots and columnar ones. They take up less space in the garden than ordinary apricots, enter fruiting earlier and reach their maximum yield earlier. They are easier to trim, tie, clean and fertilize. However, in all these parameters, they are inferior to columnar apricots. Trees sometimes require support for branches due to the abundant harvest. The life expectancy of low-growing apricot varieties is about two times lower.
Geography of apricot varieties
For each region, a certain apricot variety will show the highest, stable yield and will be resistant to the damaging factors of the winter period.
For the Central region of Russia, such varieties as Iceberg, Alyosha, Aquarius, Countess, Lel, Monastyrsky, Favorit, Tsarsky will show themselves in the best way.
For the Central Black Earth Region - Kunach, Orlovchanin and Ulyanikhinsky.
For the Middle Volga region - Kuibyshevsky Yubileiny, Pervenets of Samara, Samara, Amber of the Volga region.
For the Lower Volga region - Saratov Rubin, Son of Krasnoshekogo.
For the south of the Ural region - Kichiginsky, Pikantny, Snezhinsky, Chelyabinsky Early.
For the south of the East Siberian region - East Siberian, Gorny Abakan, Lyubimy, Sayansky, Sibiryak Baikalova, Solnyshko.
For the south of the Far Eastern region - Academician, Amur, Gritikaz, Khabarovsk.
Most varieties of apricot are suitable for the North Caucasus region, since this region, in terms of climatic conditions, is most suitable for this tree.
For Belarus, the zoned varieties are Znakhodka, Pamyat Govorukhin, Pamyat Loiko, Rattle, Spadchyna, Pamyat Shevchuk, Triumph Severny.
For Ukraine, the zoned varieties are Pineapple Tsyurupinsky, Krasnoschekiy, Canned Late, Nikitskiy, Hungarian Best, Jubilee.
Table: decoding of the regions of Russia
We gave a characterization of the apricot tree and reviewed the main varieties of apricot popular in the vastness of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. This article allows you to narrow the scope in the choice of varietal apricot depending on the area and climate, as well as the goals and objectives that the gardener sets himself.
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Late varieties of apricot
Apricot is a fruit tree that loves warmth and nutritious soil. Trees can be grown in your garden. You can get a harvest after 4 years of the tree's life. Apricot was brought to the countries of Europe and the CIS from the Caucasus. Today there are dozens of species of this tree, some of which can grow well in a northern climate. When choosing an apricot for your garden, take into account the weather conditions, the climate in the region and the nature of the soil.
If the type of trees is chosen correctly, then every year you will receive a rich harvest without significant stress. What are the varieties of apricots, with the name and description, see below.
Apricot varieties can be divided into early, mid-season and late varieties. If you plant several trees in your garden with different periods of fruit ripening, you can get a harvest for almost the entire warm period of the year.
What varieties of apricots can be grown, their characteristics and features, we will consider in this article.
Self-fertile varieties of apricot
Self-fertile apricot varieties are often chosen for growing in small backyards where there is no opportunity to plant many trees. They bear fruit every year, regardless of whether there are pollinators nearby, as they pollinate themselves. Below will be listed the best self-fertile apricot varieties with descriptions and photos for growing in small areas and large orchards with.
The most productive self-fertile varieties of apricot
Self-fertile apricot varieties do not give the same yield as ordinary, not self-fertile, but there are a number of varieties in this category that are distinguished by good fruiting annually.
- "Pineapple" apricot gives annually up to 145 kg of fruits from one tree! Apricots ripen around the middle of summer. The fruits of the "Pineapple" variety are up to 50 g, the shape is uneven - rounded, but bumpy. The stone is small, the color is yellow apricot with a red barrel. The pulp is fibrous, light yellow, with a high content of juice and sugar. It is used more often fresh, as it can lose its taste when preserved. The variety is prone to shedding, frost resistance only up to -25 degrees.
- "Red-cheeked" ripens around mid-July. The first fruits are children 3-4 years after planting. Productivity, when compared with other self-fertile varieties, is high - up to 100 kg of apricots are removed from the tree every year. Fruits up to 50 g, oval, orange in color with raspberry "cheeks". The peel of Krasnoshchekiy's apricot is dense, but not thick, velvety. The stone is well separated from the pulp, small in size, occupies only 6.2% of the total weight of the fruit. The taste is sweet, full-bodied, the acidity is almost inaudible. It contains up to 9.8% sugars and 1.36% acid. Main disadvantages: it does not tolerate high humidity and requires constant care.
- "Melitopol early" ripens around mid-summer. The yield can reach 55 kg / ha for industrial cultivation or 100 kg / tree. It grows up to 5-6 meters in height, needs regular pruning and maintenance. Fruits up to 40 g, oval, yellow-orange, with a small number of subcutaneous points. The taste is sweet, slightly tart, the flesh is soft, orange in color. The rind is very thin, velvety. The use of the fruits is universal, however, the fruits cannot be transported - they are very soft after ripening.
Photo of self-fertile varieties of apricot
What self-fertile varieties are frost-resistant?
In the middle and northern regions, where the climate, and especially winters, is unpredictable, it is necessary to plant frost-resistant self-fertile apricot varieties.
- «Northern triumph»Grows up to 4 meters in height. Differs in increased frost resistance, it is grown even in the northern regions of Russia. Fruit weight reaches 60 g. The shape is oval, the skin color is yellow with pink spots on the surface, the pubescence is weak. The flesh of the Triumph of the North is sweet and sour, juicy. Among the shortcomings, there is an average yield of 50-60 kg, unstable fruiting, as well as the fact that the first harvest can be obtained only in the 5th year of the planting field.
- «Tsarsky"- an early maturing self-fertile variety of apricot. Frost resistance up to -40 degrees Celsius. The tree grows up to 4 meters, the first fruits appear at about 4 years. Productivity from a tree up to 30 kg. Fruits of 20-30 g, yellow, with a red blush. The pulp is sweet and sour. Among the shortcomings, it should be noted that small fruits and the fact that the bone is poorly separated from the pulp.
- «Sardonyx"- mid-season variety. Withstands frosts down to -33.7 degrees Celsius. Fruit ripening is observed in early August. The tree is of medium height, fast-growing, the first harvest is harvested 4 years after planting. The weight of the oval fruits is up to 50 g, the peel is orange, the flesh is lighter. The taste is sweet, the fruits are versatile.
- «Hardy"- late self-fertile apricot variety. Provides consistently high yields. The tree is tall, vigorous, the crown is slightly branched, needs shaping. Fruiting from 5-6 years, yield up to 60 kg / tree. Increased winter hardiness, there is an average disease resistance. But it should be borne in mind that the variety is often affected by moniliosis, and therefore requires regular processing. Abricoski weigh in the range of 30-40 g, rounded and flattened on both sides. The peel is yellow-orange, dense, pubescence is weak. The taste is sweet, rich, sugary.
Unpretentious self-fertile apricot varieties
Unpretentious self-fertile varieties of apricots are very easy to grow. They practically do not require maintenance, they grow quickly. The main thing is just to water them sometimes, to feed them at least once a year and to harvest on time.
- «Dessert»Apricots are grown even by young, inexperienced gardeners. It grows quickly and requires almost no maintenance. The tree is of medium size, the crown is sparse, round in shape. Fruits up to 40 grams, round, slightly flattened on both sides. The peel is strongly pubescent, yellow. The pulp is light orange, not very dense, juicy, sweet, but sour. Has a strong aroma.
- «Snegirek»Has high frost resistance. The tree grows only up to 1.5 meters, which makes it much easier to care for. The yield from a tree is within 10 kg, but it happens even more, depending on the region of cultivation. In southern cities, yields can reach up to 20 kg per season. Ripening occurs around mid-August. Fruits are dense, beautiful, easy to transport. Weight only 15-20 g, cream color with burgundy blush.
- «Lel»Self-fertile variety of early ripening apricot. Trees grow up to 3 meters in height, the crown is round. The first apricots give 3-4 years after planting. Up to 20 kg of fruits are removed from the tree annually, but if additional pollinators are planted nearby, it will increase 2-3 times. The apricots are orange, weighing within 20 g. The pulp is sweet, almost without acid after full ripening. The bone comes off well from the pulp. Ripening occurs around the end of July. Delivers frosts down to -30 degrees.