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13 ways to use sawdust in your garden

13 ways to use sawdust in your garden


Sawdust is wood waste that a good owner will always use. Someone does not take this material seriously, while someone considers it to be the most valuable material for use in the country and in the garden.

Gardeners have found a large number of useful qualities and properties in sawdust. This material is an excellent soil loosening agent. It makes the soil breathable and prevents crusting on the surface of the earth. A soil mixture containing sawdust absorbs and retains moisture well. And sawdust is a natural organic top dressing.

This wood waste can be used not only to protect and fertilize the soil, but also to disinfect, insulate and decorate your site and home.

How to avoid problems when using sawdust in the country

So that when using sawdust, summer residents do not have additional problems, it is necessary to take into account some of the features of this material. For example, in the process of decomposition of sawdust in the soil, the nitrogen content decreases, and fresh sawdust in the beds contributes to an increase in the acidity of the soil.

You can use fresh sawdust, but only for growing those crops that can thrive on acidic soils. Their list is very large: fruit and berry plants (blueberries, quince, barberry, viburnum, honeysuckle, cranberries, dogwood), conifers, herbs and spices (sorrel, spinach, rosemary), vegetables (cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, radishes, potatoes , carrot).

Fresh sawdust can be eliminated from the ability to oxidize the soil with one of the alkaline materials that neutralize acid. These materials must be mixed with sawdust, and only then added to the beds. It is recommended to use both organic additives (eggshells, wood ash, chalk powder, dolomite flour) and various mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium, calcium, saltpeter, etc.

To prevent sawdust from absorbing nitrogen from the soil, you need to mix them with a nitrogen-containing fertilizer. Two hundred grams of urea dissolved in water must be added to a full bucket of fresh sawdust. Wood waste is well saturated with the required amount of nitrogen. Instead of mineral fertilizers, organic components can be added: herbal infusions (for example, based on nettle), freshly cut grass, bird droppings or manure.

In practice, rotted sawdust is obtained as follows. You will need a large piece of thick plastic wrap on which you need to pour prepared fresh sawdust. The prepared liquid (from 200 grams of urea and 10 liters of water) must be thoroughly watered with all wood waste. Pour the same amount of solution onto one bucket of sawdust. Wet, saturated with moisture, sawdust should be folded into large garbage bags made of dark material, tied tightly and left in this form for roasting for 15-20 days.

Ways to use sawdust in the country

1. Sawdust as a mulch layer

Mulching is carried out only with rotted sawdust. The thickness of the mulching layer is about five centimeters. Most often, this type of mulch is used for berry crops (raspberries, strawberries and strawberries), as well as for garlic. It is advisable to apply the sawdust layer in May - June, so that by the end of September the sawdust has time to rot. Later mulching will adversely affect the preparation of plants for the winter period, as it will prevent excess moisture from evaporating from the ground.

2. Sawdust in compost

Compost with fresh sawdust can be prepared in two ways.

The first way is classic. The compost contains plant and food waste, cow dung and bird droppings, and sawdust. With their carbon content, they will help to prepare an excellent organic fertilizer in a short time.

The second method is longer. To prepare the fertilizer, you will need a pit (about one meter deep), which needs to be filled by eighty percent with sawdust. From above, wood waste must be covered with lime and wood ash. The decay process will continue for two years.

3. Sawdust as a substrate

To germinate plant seeds, you need to take a small container and fresh sawdust. They are poured in a thin layer on the bottom of the container, seeds are spread on top, and then again a small sawdust layer. Covering with a thick film, the box with seeds is placed in a warm darkened room until the first shoots appear. Further development of seedlings should take place in a well-lit place. The upper sawdust layer is sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. The picking of young plants is carried out immediately after the formation of the first full-fledged leaf.

It is recommended to germinate potatoes in sawdust substrate. First, ten centimeters of wet sawdust is poured into the prepared box, then potato tubers are laid out and sawdust again (about three centimeters). Until the appearance of full-fledged seedlings (about eight centimeters long), regular water spraying is carried out, after which the tubers can be transplanted into the beds.

4. Sawdust in warm beds

To build a warm bed, various organic waste is suitable, including sawdust. But with their help, you can not only "warm" the bed, but also raise it. Approximate order of work:

  • Prepare a trench about 25 centimeters deep.
  • Fill the trench with a mixture of sawdust, ash and lime.
  • Spread a layer of soil from the trench on top.

The sawdust layer will be an effective component for retaining excess moisture and as a nutrient layer for plants.

5. Sawdust paths and aisles

Covering sawdust between the beds in the garden or dacha makes it possible to move around the land even after rainy days. Shoes will stay clean, no lumps of dirt or adhesion of garden soil are scary to you. Such coverage looks neat and even attractive on the land plot. When the sawdust layer is compressed, not a single weed will germinate. Sawdust is not only protection against weeds, but also moisture retention in the soil and organic fertilizing.

6. Sawdust as insulation

If vegetables and fruits (for example, apples, carrots or cabbage) are stored indoors in a high box with sawdust, they will retain their freshness and taste for a long time. You can also save your crops on the balcony in a specially made thermal box. Sawdust will be a kind of insulation in such a container.

7. Sawdust in the seedling soil

In the composition of the soil for growing seedlings of vegetable crops, such as tomatoes, bell peppers, eggplants and cucumbers, there are also rotted sawdust.

8. Breeding mushrooms

For growing mushrooms, fresh sawdust is used, which undergo special training, consisting of several stages. It is recommended to take only hardwood sawdust for the substrate. Sawdust of birch, oak, poplar, maple, aspen and willow are ideal for breeding oyster mushrooms.

9. Sawdust for tree insulation

Fruit trees need insulation for the winter. Sawdust must be placed in dense garbage bags and tied tightly so that moisture, frost and rodents do not penetrate them. Then you need to put such bags over the young trees around the trunk. This method of insulation is proven and reliable.

The vine can be insulated in another way. To do this, you need a wooden frame, hammered from small boards. It must be placed on top of the plant, filled with fresh sawdust to the very top and tightly covered with foil.

It is very important that the sawdust does not get wet when used as a heater, otherwise at the first frost they will become a frozen lump.

10. Sawdust bedding for animals

Sawdust and wood shavings from fruit trees make excellent cage bedding for rabbits, goats, piglets, poultry and other animals. This material can provide double benefits: minimal costs (or no financial costs at all) and organic fertilization. With the help of woodworking waste, you can insulate the floor and not worry from a hygienic point of view, since the sawdust perfectly absorbs all excess moisture. As it gets dirty, the old litter will still serve as a natural fertilizer in the beds.

11. Use of sawdust in the smokehouse

For smoking meat, bacon, fish, as well as vegetables and fruits, wood waste is used in the form of shavings, chips and sawdust of some types of trees. The most commonly used are alder, juniper, fruit trees, as well as oak, maple, ash. The aroma of the smoked product depends on the type of shavings and sawdust. Professionals in this business prepare sawdust mixtures from several trees at once.

It is recommended to use only the branches left after the spring pruning of trees for smoking.

12. Use of sawdust in construction and finishing works

Construction specialists use sawdust to make sawdust concrete. Such a mixture of concrete and shredded wood waste is used for the production of building blocks and bricks, as well as plaster for finishing country houses and closed gazebos. You can also make a mixture for plastering from sawdust and clay.

Since sawdust is a material that retains heat and is natural, they can be used to insulate floors and walls in any room.

13. Sawdust in the classroom for the development of creativity

Creative fantasy and imagination has no boundaries. Real craftsmen use sawdust both in pure form (for filling pillows or toys) and in color. A little bit of gouache and colored sawdust will make great appliqué materials.

Using sawdust in the garden


Proven ways to use sawdust in the country

Hi friends! Gardeners have been arguing about the benefits and dangers of sawdust at their summer cottage for a long time. Someone is categorically against their use, while someone regularly pours a thick layer in the garden and claims that this improves the structure of the soil and fertilizes it. Who is right? We'll figure out!


Gardeners have been arguing about the benefits and dangers of sawdust for a long time

But first, let's talk about the properties of sawdust.


Treat with nitrogen fertilizer before use

To increase the nitrogen content in the soil, you can use a solution of urea in the proportion of 70 grams per bucket of water. Sawdust is shed with this tool, they will not deplete the soil, reducing the nitrogen content in it.

To obtain the highest quality and most effective fertilizer, it is recommended to add other inorganic substances to the compost, for example, calcium or phosphorus. They are found in hydrated lime, which neutralizes acidic environments and also helps bacteria process acid-reacting materials such as cellulose, sawdust, pine needles and bark.

In general, sawdust makes the soil looser, retains moisture, inhibits the growth of weeds, this is an excellent mulching agent that has long and well proven itself among experienced gardeners. In addition, you can sprinkle them on garden paths, germinate seedlings in them and store root vegetables.


Sawdust for the garden: benefits and harms, safe methods of use

Let's figure out how to use sawdust correctly so that they will surely be beneficial. Sawdust is really good as a fertilizer for the garden and vegetable garden, but there are some nuances. You should not wait for a rich harvest if they were simply thoughtlessly scattered along the garden bed until a stable microbial community has been created.

1st method: sawdust as compost

This is the way it is, and everyone has been scared for a long time that you should not use fresh sawdust for any crops. When decomposing, they will consume the nitrogen reserve available in the soil, while expelling toxic substances. It would be much more rational to make compost from sawdust.

To do this, first the bottom layer of grass or hay is laid out in the compost container, and then sawdust is tamped in layers of 10-15 cm. Each layer is noticeably filled with a solution of water with urea, made in proportions of 200 grams of this substance per bucket of water.

Of course, mineral water can be replaced with weed infusion (there are more nettles and dandelions there, yes with roots) or bird droppings can be diluted. It is good to layer each layer of 10-15 cm with earth in order to populate the compost with useful microbes.

When the whole pile is ready, it should be covered with plastic wrap or any material that does not dry out. After two weeks, the pile must be poured with a shovel (to make a transshipment). After a two-month period, the sawdust will completely darken and the safe organic fertilizer for the garden is ready.

Method 2: nitrogen-enriched sawdust - quick mix for the lazy

There is not always time and patience to make a complete compost fertilizer. Not a problem. Plants will get an excellent feed from untreated wood sawdust mixed with nitrogen fertilizer, prepared by any of the following methods:

  • 20 grams of carbamide per kilo of wood chips
  • 0.5 liters of poultry manure solution per bucket of water
  • 3 liters of weed infusion for 7 liters of water.

You can mix dry sawdust with urea in advance, or first sprinkle them on an empty garden bed and spill it with a solution - no difference. After a while, the ground covered with sawdust can be cultivated as usual. Enriched sawdust is great to use when laying high beds - they give looseness to the soil, improve moisture holding capacity.

If you have a little sawdust, you can enrich them with home remedies - rinse the bowl from under the preparation of the jellied pie dough (another name is "charlotte") and soak the sawdust. The washout from the dough contains everything you need - egg leftovers, flour, sugar. Soil biota will definitely be delighted with such a freebie. By the way, it is not a sin to sprinkle the soil in pots of home flowers with such sawdust - evaporation from the soil surface will decrease, and the surges in transpiration will be smoothed out.

3rd method: enrichment of fresh sawdust with EM crops

Wood sawdust as fertilizer for the garden can be enriched with EM-kami. It doesn't matter - purchased or homemade. We also cook like OFEM in this video of the charming Valeria Zashchitina:

4th method: a mixture of fresh sawdust with compost or manure

Potatoes, tomatoes and carrots can be fertilized with sawdust mixed with organic fertilizers. In this case, it is better to shower them on the ground in autumn.

As for cucumbers, cabbage, melons, they should be fertilized in this way, preferably in the spring, mixing with animal manure and ash.

5th method: mulching the soil with sawdust

As already mentioned, due to the many publications, novice summer residents doubt whether it is possible to mulch with fresh sawdust. It seems to us that such articles are incomplete and frighten beginners in vain. Sawdust is a wonderful natural material, and it is simply a sin to refuse such cheap organic matter. By the way, such a wonderful fertilizer as lingohumate is obtained from wood waste. Have you tried it? Try at least on seedlings.

As mulch, sawdust will remarkably protect the soil from adverse weather conditions and drying out, because they perfectly retain moisture. In addition, many rooted weeds will not be able to break through layers.

After a year, the sawdust will rot without a trace, nourishing the soil with nutrients during this process, which will ensure a good harvest. In the next season, it is advisable to take care of the plants by soaking the sawdust mulch with aerated compost tea or weed solution.

So that there is no trouble

And, as usual, having considered all the advantages, one must nevertheless remind about the harm of sawdust to the soil. There are not so many cons.For example, there is no need to sprinkle the soil around the plants with sawdust of unknown origin. Varnishes, glue, carcinogens and other chemicals they contain can kill crops or spoil the expected harvest. If a mistake has already been made, all the beds should be generously watered with rotted humus. It will gradually cleanse the soil of unwanted substances.

The second warning is also quite simple - softwood sawdust contains organic resins, and they acidify the soil. It is advisable to use them to mulch the soil near rhododendrons, blueberries and heathers. Or add deoxidizers - dolomite flour, ground eggshells and / or wood ash.

Third, sawdust of poplar, oak, walnut is known to be allelopathic. That is, their excretion inhibits the growth of many cultivated plants. But do not throw away such organic matter! It is better to accumulate sawdust, shavings and foliage of these tree species somewhere separately (bag, box, etc.), spill them with EMC or urea and calmly use it after a year or two.

By this time, natural colins will disappear, waste will be saturated with natural organic acids, saprophytes will develop in it, and the whole armada of soil biota will pounce on these sawdust when you distribute it in the garden and vegetable garden.

These are the ways to use sawdust in the garden and vegetable garden. So do not be alarmed by incomplete publications, and do not try to collect and export sawdust somewhere in the country, and even more so to burn it - this is blasphemy! We hope that the excessive emotionality of the article did not prevent you from figuring out how you can use sawdust for the garden - the benefits and harms of their use in the country became obvious.

(76 estimates, average: 4,33 out of 5)

Previously, she also did not want to use sawdust in the garden in any case - they scared that a wireworm would start. And the soil will become acidic to the point that the roots begin to burn. But for many years I have been watching Kuznetsov's nursery - grace and nothing else, and my fears were dispelled. But I don’t pour it fresh, I let it lie down for a year.

Thank you for your feedback, Elena. It also seems to me that one should not be afraid of sawdust, but thoughtless waste of organic matter - to burn or take out such waste is simply waste

There is a small garden (apple, cherry, 2 sweet cherries, early autumn babies of plum, pear and rodrdendron), roses, conifers, berry bushes and ornamental shrubs. There is no experience. There is last year's horror from all the pests in the creepy co-vahs (especially the whitefly, which covered the ENTIRE plot of 10 acres, the entire surface of the soil and all plants). There is a desire to do without chemistry. Hope to become friends with your site and get useful tips and advice. I am ready to share my experience and the necessary information).

Ellina, hello. I can imagine your horror at the sight of a horde of whitefly. Try sprinkling with Bars flea shampoo or spray (check out your vetharmacy).

Well, as for the exchange of experience - you are always welcome, we are very glad to your proposal.

Thank you, now I know where to put the sawdust left after the construction

Good day! We have a lot of birch sawdust from a ferret, can we use it for a vegetable garden? The site has just been purchased, not yet developed, the soil is heavy, it needs to be loosened.

Oh, Irina, of course you can. By the way, we also use sawdust for the latrine in the dog enclosure - they absorb the smell perfectly. It is better to let the birch sawdust rest a little. Let's say until the fall. And in the fall, distribute them in the beds

Hello ! I'm a beginner, the dacha appeared only in the summer. There were no landings at all, everything started from scratch. In the fall, she planted a lot of garden trees, shrubs, flowers. On the advice of a neighbor, she insulated all the planted plants first with peat and sawdust on top. I sent my husband specifically to the sawmill. Now it turned out that fresh sawdust in the garden is harmful, that they must be poured initially with a solution of urea. And what to do in my case in the spring, when I open the seedlings. Remove the layer or spill with what?

Hello. So what kind of sawdust can you use fresh? From your article, I understood that coniferous, oak, birch and poplar trees should be allowed to rest. Then what trees can you use right away?

One of the most sensible articles on the Internet. As someone who has been growing vegetables on a balcony for five years in sawdust soil, it is strange to see that most are still in the Stone Age. So in order. "Jumping" with purchased soil (it is expensive and a lot to run) or the use of garden land (eternal overflow and it is not clear what the plants lack + any infection) did not suit my particular balcony gardening. About 30 containers of 5-8 liters each are placed on 12 running meters of the log. It is not difficult to calculate how much soil you need and, at least, bring in purchased soil on your hands, which is for the money, which is problematic when walking to the store. I found a way out simple, thanks to my cats, woody cat litters turned out to be optimal for my purposes. Further, more, I began to use in addition lumpy filler (diatomite) pieces of porous gray silicate the size of peas. The mixture is simple: 5-7 parts of swollen wet sawdust (500 ml of pressed wood filler pour 2-3 liters of water and let it swell completely), 0.5 parts of lumpy dry filler, 1 part of purchased peat soil. For 10 liters of a mixture of 2 tbsp of ground eggshells and 1 tbsp. complex fertilizer (without a slide) with a composition not worse than 10/10/10. Mix everything well and the soil is ready. You can plant. Yes, you heard right, no more dances with tambourines are needed. You can plant both seedlings and ready-made plants for growth. I use 5-8 liter water containers for one large plant (cucumber, tomato, pepper, etc.). If you live in the middle lane, then the harvest will be only in the south-west, south and south-in the windows. There is an exception - basil, it grows all year round and only the northern window will require additional lighting in winter. Concerning acidification. Sawdust in the filler - in 99% of conifers, but my careful measurements of the dynamics of soil acidity revealed in all samples both old plantings (5 years on sawdust) and new ones an interesting thing: sawdust keeps pH as a good buffer in a very narrow range of 6.0-6 , 4 units.


Responsibility for the disposal of waste from the woodworking industry

Despite the fact that sawdust is classified as 5 hazard class according to the federal catalog of waste classification, that is, to practically safe, they still need to be disposed of in any available way.

In addition, dried sawdust is very flammable material, which is difficult to extinguish if the fire has gained strength. Therefore, wood sawing waste can be disposed of in any available way:

  • dump
  • bury
  • distribute to people and businesses
  • sell to any buyers
  • use for heating in winter
  • use in a subsidiary farm for any needs
  • use to generate pyrolysis gas and use it in any way
  • hand over to the nearest pulp and paper or chemical plant that processes wood
  • recycle in any way (some goods may require a license to produce).

If the sawdust is not removed for a long time and there is a fire threat or someone else's territory is littered, then questions may arise from various regulatory organizations.

In Russia, the disposal of any waste, including sawdust, is regulated by the federal law N 89-FZ of 24.06.1998 "On production and consumption waste", which you can read by following this link.

Another document regulating the disposal of any waste, including sawdust, is the federal law of March 30, 1999 N 52-FZ "On the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population."

Everything in it storage and disposal of waste considered in the context of the impact on the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of people.

Therefore, any method of disposal must comply with the laws adopted in Russia.

No permits are required for a single combustion of a small amount of sawdust, however, regular combustion of large volumes requires not only permits for the combustion itself, but also solution for the disposal of the final product - ash or soot.

The same applies to burying sawdust in the ground. In some regions, there may be claims of officials in connection with formal violations of some points of the law, but in reality, such nit-picking may be due to lobbying the interests of landfill owners.


How to avoid problems when using sawdust in the country

So that when using sawdust, summer residents do not have additional problems, it is necessary to take into account some of the features of this material. For example, in the process of decomposition of sawdust in the soil, the nitrogen content decreases, and fresh sawdust in the beds contributes to an increase in the acidity of the soil.

You can use fresh sawdust, but only for growing those crops that can thrive on acidic soils. Their list is very large: fruit and berry plants (blueberries, quince, barberry, viburnum, honeysuckle, cranberries, dogwood), conifers, herbs and spices (sorrel, spinach, rosemary), vegetables (cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, radishes, potatoes , carrot).

Fresh sawdust can be eliminated from the ability to oxidize the soil with one of the alkaline materials that neutralize acid. These materials must be mixed with sawdust, and only then added to the beds. It is recommended to use both organic additives (eggshells, wood ash, chalk powder, dolomite flour) and various mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium, calcium, saltpeter, etc.

To prevent sawdust from absorbing nitrogen from the soil, you need to mix them with a nitrogen-containing fertilizer. Two hundred grams of urea dissolved in water must be added to a full bucket of fresh sawdust. Wood waste is well saturated with the required amount of nitrogen. Instead of mineral fertilizers, organic components can be added: herbal infusions (for example, based on nettle), freshly cut grass, bird droppings or manure.

In practice, rotted sawdust is obtained as follows. You will need a large piece of thick plastic wrap on which you need to pour prepared fresh sawdust. The prepared liquid (from 200 grams of urea and 10 liters of water) must be thoroughly watered with all wood waste. Pour the same amount of solution onto one bucket of sawdust. Wet, saturated with moisture, sawdust should be folded into large garbage bags made of dark material, tied tightly and left in this form for roasting for 15-20 days.


Sawdust fertilization technique

It should be borne in mind that even after processing, the sawdust contains a fairly large amount of all kinds of acids, which, ideally, should still be neutralized. therefore the best option is to supplement the wood chips with bird droppings... In this case, fertilizers are applied to the soil in layers to a depth of 10-15 cm: first there is a layer of wood shavings, and then droppings, after which there is again a layer of shavings or compost based on it. However, this method should not be used if the soil is naturally low in acidity. In this situation, sawdust should be added to the soil before starting field work, and then the garden should be properly dug so that the sawdust is mixed with the ground.