Poseidon (Neptune) - Greek mythology and Latin mythology

Poseidon (Neptune) - Greek mythology and Latin mythology


Head of Poseidon
Greek sculpture 5th century B.C.

Poseidon (or Posidone) in the Greek mythologyhe was the son of Cronus and Rhea, elder brother of Zeus, and is identified as the king of the sea and of the fecundating power of the waters.

The cult of Poseidon was very important in ancient Greece in consideration of the fact that the Greeks were mostly fishermen and sailors. He was also considered the god of earthquakes.

Poseidon lived in an underwater palace and with his trident (made for him by Hephaestus) he had the power to make the sea calm or rough.

National Archaeological Museum of Athens (Greece)

Poseidon's wife was Amphitrite, a marine deity but had numerous lovers and as many children: his wife had Triton, Bentesecime and Rhodes; from a relationship with Demetra the famous horse Arione; from a story with the nymph Toosa had the cyclops Polyphemus just to name a few.

The horse, the bull, the dolphin and the pine among the plants were sacred to Poseidon.

In Latin mythology is identified with Neptune and has no legend of its own, unlike the Greek one.