Is it possible to grow a cherry from a stone?
Many amateur gardeners and simply admirers of delicious cherries are interested in the question: is it possible to grow a cherry from a stone. Answer: of course, because this is the natural way of its growth. In this situation, it all depends on when, where and how to grow a cherry from a stone. Its fruiting directly depends on how to grow cherries correctly. In this article, we will look at the main nuances of how to grow a cherry from a stone.
Growing from a bone
Growing a tree from a bone is a rather laborious and time-consuming process. How to properly grow a cherry from a stone will be prompted by certain rules.
Rules for growing cherries from a stone:
- first you need to collect the bones of the selected variety;
- they must be rinsed with water;
- after washing, they are dried and placed in a darkened place;
- before planting, the cherry pits are placed in water for one week. Do not forget that the water needs to be changed periodically;
- then you should place the seed in the ground, after adding sand there. Leave her in this state for two months;
- after that, the sprouted shoot can be planted in the garden;
- it is worth planting in October;
- the depth of the hole for landing - 3 cm;
- the top is covered with a layer of humus, sawdust and peat.
Let's take a quick look at each of the above points.
The choice of the variety.
Before growing cherries, you should take into account the requirements of varieties for climatic conditions, soil acidity, temperature conditions, etc. If you neglect these requirements, you risk not growing the tree at all, or it will be frail, sluggish and give a poor harvest.
Collection and preparation of seeds
Cherry cultivation begins precisely from this stage, which is the most important and fundamental. It is best to use cherry pits that grow in your garden or a nearby garden, as pits taken from purchased cherries are more likely to not sprout. Once harvested, they should be prepared for growing. First, they need to be rinsed well with water and spread out in a sunny place for quick drying and drying.
In autumn (October) they are planted in open ground. Due to the possibility of descent, several pieces should be planted at once. For germination, dig a hole up to 5 cm deep, the distance between adjacent stones should be at least 15 cm. In winter, they will stratify, which will contribute to their better cultivation.
If you plan to start growing cherries in the spring, then its seeds must first be kept in the cold for about two months (the temperature should be from 1 to 6 C⁰). For storage, you can use the refrigerator. Before that, they should be placed in a glass jar filled with peat moss and sand, which is closed with a lid. Holes are made in it for air.
You can grow cherries from the stone in summer and winter. In this case, the technology is slightly different from the above conventional method. In this situation, you can grow cherries using pots, followed by transplanting the seedling into the garden in the spring. In this way, you can grow the cherry of the Japanese version - bonsai.
It is best to plant it immediately in a permanent place so as not to injure the tree in the future with a transplant.
Video "Growing cherries from pits"
Some additional information about this process can be found in the video below.
By the above methods, you can grow the following varieties of cherries: red, pink, Barbados, shpanka, Lubska, Surinamese. Moreover, history knows numerous cases when, even in the harsh conditions of Siberia, for example, Novosibirsk, it was quite successfully possible to grow cherries from the seed, thanks to the observance of the rules of cultivation and care. Shrub (steppe) cherries take root here most well.
Growing from seedlings
After it has been possible to grow a cherry sprout, depending on the growing method, the seedling is planted in open ground. In this situation, you should meet the disembarkation deadline. If they ate it in the fall, then the best time is the beginning of October. If in spring - then April, but only until the bud breaks.
Planting is carried out in accordance with the rules of agricultural technology in order for the cultivation of cherries to be successful. Directly for planting, you should dig a planting hole of the following parameters: diameter up to 60 cm, and depth up to 45 cm.The entire root system of the seedling should fit into it without any problems. The soil removed from the pit should be halved and displaced with humus and ash, potassium chloride and superphosphate should be added. For clay soils, sand is also added.
Before planting itself, you need to carefully examine its root system and remove damaged and dried roots. Sometimes it is recommended to keep the roots in water for a couple of hours.
At the bottom of the pit, a cone is poured above the prepared soil described above and the seedling is lowered there so that the root collar is three centimeters above ground level. Then the roots are covered and the soil is compacted with your hands. A peg is driven in from the north side and a seedling is tied to it. Near it, a roller is made of earth in such a way that a hole for irrigation is formed. The seedling must be well watered with water that has been heated in the sun. Then the soil around it is mulched with humus, compost and liquid bird droppings.
During the year, a young seedling should be fertilized several times so that it has enough nutrients for full growth.
Basic rules of care
The rules for caring for a grown cherry seedling are practically no different from other fruit trees.
Care rules include the following processes;
- loosening the soil;
- timely watering;
- fertilization of the soil;
- caring for the crown by cutting and shaping it;
- protection from pests and diseases, as well as proper care of a diseased tree;
- weed removal.
Adhering to all of the above rules and tips, growing cherries from the stone becomes a completely feasible business. And further correct and timely care will help your seedling grow into a beautiful, strong and healthy tree, which will delight you with its color and its fruits.
How to grow a cherry tree from a seed?
Cherry belongs to the Rosaceae family and grows as a shrub or tree.
Its origin has been known for a long time in the northern regions of the Caucasus and the western part of Siberia. Breeders have bred different species of this tree in the process of biological research.
- Common cherry
- sour cherry (tree)
- steppe cherry (forest-steppe)
- Sand cherry
- cherry felted
- cherry Magueleb (Antipka)
- Bessey cherry (Sandy)
- Pennsylvania cherry
- cherry prickly.
The biological characteristics of this culture determine its nature of development. The root system is of a mixed type. Root outgrowths are horizontal and vertical to keep the tree alive with regular replenishment of nutrients.
The fibrous roots perform the main function when propagating this culture by the rootstock method or propagating cherries by cuttings. Each stage of tree growth is characterized by the formation of certain types of buds. The development of growth buds occurs on an annual tree. The flowering of the tree means the timely formation of flower buds. The formation of adventitious buds means the development of near-stem shoots in winter conditions.
Given these features, any gardener can give the right advice on how to properly plant and propagate cherries. To do this, you need to adhere to the rules of the sequence of the process and then the cherry tree will bear fruit and give a good harvest.
Benefits of pitted cherries
Drupe cherries have many advantages. The most important thing is that the plant is fully adapted to climatic conditions; additional hardening or the use of warm shelters is not required. Cherry also favorably differ in endurance and resistance to diseases, there will be no problems with leaving. Seed propagation is also recommended if a tree needs to be grown to create a bonsai.
The disadvantage of growing seedlings is that varietal characteristics are extremely rare. The only way to get sweet, tasty fruit is by vaccination.
The process of cultivating cherries from seeds is a long and painstaking work. And the successful result largely depends on the preparation of the planting material, as well as the phased implementation of all the necessary steps, taking into account the recommendations.
When to harvest and how to preserve cherry pits before planting
Cherry seeds should be harvested from large fruits without signs of diseases or pests. The berries should be picked at the stage of technical maturity and placed on a sunny windowsill to ripen.
As soon as the fruits acquire a dark red hue, and their pulp becomes softer, you need to get the seeds and wash them thoroughly in cold water to wash off the remaining juice. Then the seeds must be put on a cloth in one layer and left in a shaded place to dry.
After that, put the seeds in a paper bag and store until planting in a dry place at a temperature of +20 degrees.
Natural stratification: spring and autumn
To germinate a cherry seed requires stratification. To do this, they must be kept in the cold for a certain period of time. There are two options for carrying out this procedure. In the first case, the bones must be folded into a plastic bag (in the fall, at the end of October, before the onset of cold weather). And then bury it in the ground until spring. In this case, the seeds will undergo natural stratification, but they cannot be obtained until the soil thaws.
In order to carry out planting in the spring, you can use the second stratification option. It consists in the fact that the seeds must be folded into a damp material, rolled up, and put on a plastic bag on top. Then put the resulting package in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator and leave for at least 3 months. During this time, it is necessary to periodically moisten the material so that the seeds do not dry out.
Important! The duration of the cooling period depends on the type of cherry: for felt cherries, 3 months are enough, and for ordinary, tree-like cherries - 5 months.
At the end of the stratification, you can start germinating the seeds. To do this, you need to soak the bones in water for 3-5 days, changing it every 12 hours. You should also prepare pots with a height of at least 15 cm and a nutritious substrate. If desired, the soil can be prepared by yourself. To do this, you need to mix turf, peat, leafy soil, sand and humus in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1: 1.
Step-by-step instructions for germinating drupes:
- Place a drainage layer on the bottom of the pots.
- Fill the rest of the space with nutrient soil.
- Water liberally and wait until the moisture is completely absorbed.
- Smooth the surface, bury the seeds 1 cm into the ground.
- Sprinkle with earth on top.
- Moisten the surface with a spray bottle.
At the end of the procedure, the pots must be covered with a transparent film and placed in a shaded place with a temperature of +25 degrees. From time to time, the shelter should be removed and the containers ventilated.
Planting a felt cherry with a bone
Felt cherries are a bushy variety of this fruit crop. The grown crop has a great taste, and the shrub itself is compact in size and bears excellent fruit throughout its life.
Many gardeners are thinking about whether it is possible to grow felt cherries from a stone, plant them at home, or immediately in the garden in a permanent place. Such a planting is possible, while the gardener can get the first harvest literally 4 years after planting the seeds. However, it should be remembered that the seed sowing technology is suitable for propagating felt cherries as a species, but not as a variety. That is, no one guarantees you that you will be able to grow felt cherries on the site, planted from the seed of the variety you need, which the mother plant had. This somewhat limits the popularity of this technology.
In general, we note that the technology of sowing and growing felt cherries from the stone is standard. It is necessary to select whole intact bones, dry them for several days in the open air, and then stratify them by keeping them in a refrigerator or in the cold in a cellar for several months. After that, we plant such seeds at home in fertile soil or immediately in the garden in a permanent place. The sprouts will need active care, including fertilization, frequent watering, and loosening of the soil.
Seed preparation and stratification
Be sure to free the bones from the remnants of the pulp, rinse with warm running water. Pour drupe with water, stand for three days, regularly changing the liquid. After a short drying, send the seeds to a container filled with wet sand, it will help preserve the seeds, cause sprouts to appear.
The stratification process is mandatory; for this, send the container to the refrigerator. Can be kept for several months in a cool, well-ventilated area. If an autumn planting is carried out, hardening is not necessary, winter frosts will perfectly cope with stratification.