Aspidistra (Aspidistra) is a perennial plant from tropical latitudes, belonging to the Asparagus family. The homeland of the plant is East Asia.
Aspidistra have existed on Earth since ancient times. They have a developed creeping root system and smooth long leaves of deep green color. In this case, the stems of plants are completely absent. Each leaf is located on a long petiole, covered with a kind of scales - a protective layer of small leaves. The leaf blade itself is often bent outward.
Aspidistra rarely blooms as a home plant. Usually this happens only in the summer, while its sometimes imperceptible leathery flower lasts only a day.
Features of aspidistra
Aspidistra is unpretentious and hardy. It can grow even in shady and cool places, and is also undemanding to the purity of the air: smoke and soot will not confuse the flower. At the same time, this plant cannot be called miniature. The average length of aspidistra leaves reaches half a meter. Despite its slow growth rates, with proper care, aspidistra can last for many decades and gradually grow in size. In addition, the ornate leaves of the plant can be used for cutting. They are able to remain decorative for about a week.
Since the late 19th and early 20th centuries, this flower has been an invariable feature of the interior in semi-dark halls and living rooms. Today, many designers also use aspidistra in the design of the interiors of retro-style rooms, as well as office premises. The flower can also be seen in places of establishments designated for smoking. It is cool enough there, the air is full of smoke, but nothing to him - a truly "cast-iron flower", as it is also called.
In addition to the fact that the flower is unique in terms of vitality and unpretentiousness, it is also a rather curious plant. After all, it refers to plants of ancient origin, such as chlorophytums and ferns, in the wilds of which saber-toothed tigers and majestic mammoths wandered.
The plant has another interesting property: it attracts snakes. In countries where there are thickets of aspidistra, by the stirring and rustling of their leaves, one can notice from afar the approach of poisonous reptiles. It is to them that the plant owes its name. Literally it means "snake pointer". In addition, the long rhizome of the flower looks like a snake.
Home care for aspidistra
The popularity of the plant in indoor culture is due to its unpretentiousness and decorative appearance. Finding a houseplant that is also unpretentious to care for is very difficult. Even a beginner or too busy florist can grow an aspidistra. In addition, due to its slow growth rates, this plant will not need to be transplanted annually.
The main varieties of aspidistra can grow normally even in a poorly lit area. Northern windows and other places with insufficiently bright lighting are suitable for them, although it is not recommended to put a flower in deep shade.
In this case, variegated forms will need more light, otherwise they may lose their beautiful color: it can fade or disappear altogether. For such plants, a bright place is suitable, but not too open to the sun. The plants must be protected from direct rays, especially in the summer.
The only thing to consider is the size of the flower. In principle, aspidistra grows slowly, but even a young plant can be quite impressive in size and will take up a lot of space in an apartment with a small area.
Aspidistra feels good in normal room conditions. The optimum summer temperature is about +22 degrees. In the warm season, it can be moved to an open place: a balcony, a veranda or even a garden, choosing a moderately shady corner, protected from the wind, for placement. In the subtropics, the plant is able to winter outdoors.
In autumn and winter, when aspidistra is resting, it can be kept in a cool (about + 15 degrees) place. Such conditions contribute to more active growth of leaves in the next season. The plant is able to survive a greater drop in temperature, but frost can be fatal for it.
If you cannot provide a cool room for the flower, this will not greatly affect its health. But a room that is too warm, where it is kept above +20 degrees, will require an increase in air humidity. For this, the plant must be periodically sprayed. If the house is not hot, there is no need for spraying: in this case, the level of humidity does not play a big role in growing.
For aspidistra, well-settled water is used without excess lime and chlorine. Watering is carried out as needed, waiting for the topsoil to dry out. In spring and summer, 2-3 waterings per week will be enough for the flower. In winter, the volume of moisture must be reduced, during this period the aspidistra is watered only once every 7 days, trying to wait a couple of days after the top layer begins to dry out. But if the room is hot, you will have to water the plant a little more often. Although the flower tolerates a small lack of water better than overflow, the complete drying out of the soil coma can be no less dangerous for it.
Aspidistra leaves, attracting dust, are recommended to periodically wipe or wash. Do this with plain water - artificial foliage cleaners can cause foliage to turn yellow. The wiping procedure will help remove impurities and improve the health of the flower.
The state of the air does not affect the aspidistra and it is indifferent to spraying. But still, once a week it is worth wiping the leaves with a damp cloth and spraying the plant, so it will grow and develop better. Only no chemistry, the flower does not like it.
For aspidistra, ordinary garden soil or universal store soil rich in nitrogen is suitable. You can make a mixture for a plant yourself. Aspidistra will thrive in soil that includes turf, humus, and leafy soil with half the sand. The acidity of such soil should not exceed 7.5.
Aspidistra can be fertilized only in spring and summer. The number of dressings depends on the illumination of the place where the plant is located. The more light falls on it, the more often you need to apply fertilizer. So for a plant in a shady corner, only two dressings per warm season will be enough: once every 3 months. A specimen growing in the sun will have to be fertilized monthly.
For aspidistra, universal soluble formulations containing nitrogen are suitable. You can use ready-made mixtures for plants with beautiful leaves. In this case, the dosage recommended by the manufacturer should be reduced by 2 times. It is not recommended to use fluorine-containing compositions: the plant is sensitive to an excess of fluorides.
When watering, it is important to try so that drops of solution do not fall on the undeveloped young foliage that appears at the roots.
Important! Striped and variegated varieties do not need feeding. Due to fertilization, their leaves may acquire an ordinary green color. If necessary, they are fed no more than once a month.
Due to the fragility of the root system, aspidistra is not recommended to be transplanted unnecessarily. This is done when the roots of the plant fill the entire pot and begin to look through the drainage holes. The recommended transplant frequency is every 3 years. Spring is best suited for the procedure.
The new aspidistra container should be slightly larger than the previous one. Drainage is laid on its bottom and sprinkled with a small amount of soil. The plant is carefully removed from the old pot, trying to move it along with the earthy clod. After the lump is in a new container, the voids are filled with fresh earth and compacted a little, and then watered. At the same time, it is not recommended to deepen the upper part of the basal neck.
If the size of the plant allows it to be left in an old container, the topsoil is simply replaced in it, being careful not to damage the roots.
The new aspidistra brought from the store is kept in special conditions for several days. Such a plant is not fed, but also not overdried, so that it quickly adapts to the new environment. After passing the acclimatization period, the bush can be moved to a new container, which is 4-5 cm higher than the old one.
As the aspidistra develops, it may begin to lose its elegant appearance. This is usually due to the drying out of old leaves or accidental damage to the flower. If the plant is not cleaned of old foliage in a timely manner, this can lead to the appearance of fungal infections or the reproduction of pests.
Dried, leaky, or unhealthy foliage should be regularly and carefully trimmed at the root. It is convenient to do this by slightly pulling out the sheet to be removed. Thanks to such procedures, the growth of fresh leaves is stimulated and the health of the plant itself is improved.
As a rule, aspidistra blooms only in the natural environment. This period falls on the rainy season - the first months of the year. At home, it is possible to observe its flowering only if the ideal conditions of detention are observed. In this case, flowers appear in spring or summer.
The flowering of aspidistra has interesting features. Its buds are on the roots. The opening flowers are star-shaped and burgundy or purple in color. A day later, in place of the flower, a large fruit-berry is formed with one grain inside. You can get it using artificial pollination by transferring pollen from the flower of one plant to another.
Moreover, the seed propagation method of such a plant is considered the most impractical. In this case, the development of a full-fledged aspidistra can take decades. This method is used only by experienced plant lovers seeking to obtain new varieties. Seeds are sown in spring in a container with warm and moist soil, being careful not to burrow them too deeply. The emerging seedlings dive.
Plant care in winter
Although aspidistra can adapt even to cold weather, it must be protected from frost. In addition, the plant should be placed in a corner that does not get cold drafts. For winter placement of aspidistra, you need to choose a moderately lit place. Excess shade during this period can lead to a slowdown in development and a deterioration in the decorative qualities of the flower.
In early spring, the aspidistra, coming out of hibernation, is fed to give the plant strength for the new season.
Breeding methods for aspidistra
Dividing the bush
An easy and fast enough way to propagate aspidistra is to divide its bush. An adult plant that has completely filled its pot is suitable for dividing. The procedure is usually performed in the spring and is often combined with a transplant. The plant is removed from the pot, after which its rhizome is divided into parts. Each cut should have a rhizome segment and at least 3-5 leaves: the larger the part, the faster it will take root.
The sections are treated with charcoal, after which the cuttings are seated in separate containers. They can be small. Then the seedlings are covered with transparent caps and placed in a moderately shady place, where they keep about +18. In such conditions, the seedlings are left until fresh leaf blades appear - this will mean that the plants were able to successfully root. Such aspidistra can be fertilized only a month after planting.
It is recommended to divide the aspidistra in this way no more than once every 5 years.
Reproduction by a sheet plate
You can try to root a leaf cut from a bush. This method of reproduction takes a little longer, but is considered more effective and also allows you to preserve all the varietal characteristics of the plant.
In order to get a new aspidistra, a healthy adult leaf with a long (about 7 cm) petiole is cut from the mother bush. There are also options for rooting a leaf without a petiole - in this case, the leaf is cut so as to preserve the fleshy area at the base. After drying the cut, the sheet is placed in a high container with water. In this case, the neck must be closed with a film so that air does not get inside. The container is placed in a warm and bright place. The sheet is kept in such conditions until the roots are formed. They usually form within two weeks. To make the roots appear faster, you can first add growth stimulants to the water. If the leaf begins to rot, the affected areas are cut off and put back in fresh water.
The finished stalk with roots is planted in an individual pot with soft fertile soil and watered abundantly. Until the seedling takes root in a new place and begins to release new leaves, you can keep it under a transparent bag or jar to create the effect of a greenhouse.
Aspidistra is a tall, shade-tolerant plant, a hit of the last century.
Possible growing difficulties
Mistakes in the care of aspidistra can lead to unpleasant consequences. Among them:
- Yellowing of foliage. Under normal conditions, it is associated with its aging, but it may also indicate putrefactive processes at the root. A slight decay of the plant can be dealt with by stopping watering for a while and treating the leaves of aspidistra with fungicides, and the ground with a solution of potassium permanganate. For prophylaxis, the flower must be planted only in sterilized soil with a good drainage layer and try not to overmoisten it by pouring excess water out of the pan. If the foliage loses color but retains its firmness, it is possible that insufficient clean water is being used for irrigation.
- Withering leaves. Most often, the reason lies in the drying out of the soil or, on the contrary, in the stagnation of water at the roots. Adjustment of the irrigation regime is required.
- Drying of leaves. Hot weather and low humidity levels dry out the foliage of the plant. To avoid this, it should be watered and sprayed more often with a spray bottle.
- Leaves fade from lack of light. The pot with the plant is gradually moved to the light or lamps are turned on for it.
- Leaf color change also occurs due to lack of lighting or due to an excess of fertilizers. To remedy the situation, feeding is stopped, and the pot is transferred to the light.
- Slow leaf growth indicates a lack of nitrogen. To achieve the fastest effect, the plant is watered with a urea solution (1 g per 1 l of water)
- Dark spots on foliage - a sign of hypothermia or a consequence of a cold draft. In combination with lethargy, it is a sign of overflow. If the trunk begins to darken, the roots of the flower may have begun to rot.
- Brown spots on the leaves can appear both on the plate itself and along the edges. If the flower stands in bright sun, this is how sunburn appears. In this case, you should change the position of the plant and remove it from direct light. Red-brown watery spots on young foliage can be caused by fungal infections. To avoid this, do not moisturize the green part of the plant in cool weather. Too slow drying of water that has got on the leaves can lead to diseases. Treatment consists in treatment with drugs for fusarium.
- The plant turned yellow, and even the petals of the flowers began to acquire an unnatural color, probably, it is affected by infectious chlorosis. Such an aspidistra will have to be destroyed so as not to infect other plants.
The main pests of aspidistra are the red spider mite and the palm scale. The mite can be recognized by the numerous light specks on the face of the leaf blades. From the inside, they can be covered with cobwebs.Affected leaves can be treated with soapy water and rinsed in the shower. The scaled palm feeds on the sap of the plant, their presence manifests itself in the yellowing and death of aspidistra leaves. The scale insects can be collected from the bush by hand, and then thoroughly rinsed the foliage with plain water. For severe lesions, an appropriate insecticide must be used. This is usually done twice, once a week.
The main varieties of aspidistra
Aspidistra high or Elatior (Aspidistra elatior)
The most popular type for home cultivation. The name comes from its size. In nature, such aspidistra can grow up to 80 cm in height. Indoor specimens reach a height of 70 cm. They have oblong foliage up to half a meter long. Glossy leaves are colored green and slightly pointed upwards. Despite the slow growth rates (up to 5 new leaves per year), over time, the bush of such an aspidistra grows and thickens.
Flowering time for indoor specimens is very rare. It usually falls in the summer. During this period, small (up to 3 cm in diameter) eight-lobed flowers of a red-violet or yellowish-brown color are formed on the aspidistra.
Aspidistra Milky Way
The dark green foliage of this variety of aspidistra is covered with many light specks, reminiscent of star deposits. It is this feature that gave the variety the name Milky Way ("Milky Way"). The height of the "stellar" aspidistra can reach 60 cm, but, like other species, it grows rather slowly. Flowering periods are very rare. At home, they fall at the very end of February or early March. The flowers are purple in color and have pointed petals.
The variety is drought-resistant and is able to survive short periods of cold snaps.
Aspidistra variegata (Aspidistra variegata)
Shrub up to half a meter high. It is considered one of the most capricious varieties of aspidistra. The plant requires special care with the observance of certain lighting and humidity levels. The timeliness of dressings also plays an important role. The work on growing variegated aspidistra is compensated by its attractive appearance. The foliage of such plants has vertical light stripes of a cream shade. If the flower is not properly maintained, they disappear. This is usually caused by overflow or excessive fertilization.
Aspidistra blume (Aspidistra blume)
The leaves of this species resemble the enlarged foliage of a lily of the valley. They have a similar shape and are colored deep green. The length of each sheet can reach half a meter, and the width reaches 15 cm.
This aspidistra blooms very rarely. The flower, like other species, is formed at the roots, but has a yellow or crimson color. Each flower has 8 petals.
The leaf plates are distinguished by long petioles reaching 30 cm. The dimensions of the leaves themselves reach up to half a meter. The leaf blades are covered with a scattering of light spots. The species is notable for its unpretentiousness, its representatives can grow well even in cool corners. They will not be confused by areas with dirty air. Over time, perennial bushes can grow significantly.
Flowering occurs once a year, in early summer. Aspidistra forms a small (about 3 cm in diameter) basal flower of purple color.
Aspidistra grandiflora (Aspidistra grandiflora)
A recently discovered species that is gaining more and more popularity among florists. The homeland of this aspidistra is Vietnam. The variety is notable for oval foliage up to 80 cm long with contrasting spots. It is also interesting for its large (up to 5 cm) flowers. They are not similar in shape to compact flowers of other species and have very thin and long petals of pink-purple color. Rare periods of flowering of domestic specimens occur in mid-summer. At this time, up to 5 buds are tied on the main root, forming buds.
Unlike other varieties, the bush does not grow too much over a period of time.
Sichuan aspidistra (Aspidistra sichuanensis)
The flower owes its name to the place of growth - the high-mountain open areas of the bamboo thickets of China. There, this species of aspidistra can grow, forming real plantations. A pot-grown specimen turns into a dense bush over the years. The length of the leaves of this species reaches 30 cm, and the width is about 8 cm. The foliage is green with light longitudinal stripes of an arched shape, but there are specimens with a uniform dark green color.
The flowering period is in late winter or early spring. Buds form on the roots, turning into small, deep purple six-petalled flowers.
BUTspeedistra oblancefolia (Aspidistra oblanceifolia)
Another Chinese variety with narrow (up to 3 cm wide) dark green leaves. There are varieties with variegated foliage, decorated with yellowish specks. The bush grows to a height of 60 cm. Flowering is observed in early spring. Small bright red flowers-stars appear on the plant.
Aspidistra guangxiensis (Aspidistra guangxiensis)
The species is distinguished by wide, relatively small (up to 20 cm) leaves on long petioles up to 40 cm long. Dense leaf blades are covered with small yellowish spots. The roots of this plant are especially thin. The flowering of such aspidistra occurs in May, at this time pairs of buds appear on its roots, from which large purple or violet flowers with thin threadlike petals develop.
The healing properties of aspidistra
In Asian countries, aspidistra is widely used as a medicinal plant. It can often be found in alternative medicine due to its special composition. The flower contains substances that have a disinfecting and hemostatic effect. They can also remove tumors. Aspidistra is also used as an anticonvulsant. At the same time, all parts of the plant have certain medicinal properties.
Fresh leaves of the plant can be applied to bruises or abrasions, like plantain foliage. With bleeding gums or periodontitis, such a leaf can be chewed periodically. Decoctions of aspidistra leaves are used to treat stomach or intestinal diseases, they help with diarrhea, cystitis and even angina. Aspidistra is also used for preventive purposes, for example, for the preparation of tonic infusions. For this, the crushed leaf of the plant is added to a glass of lukewarm water and insisted for at least an hour. The resulting product is taken in 2 tbsp. spoons for breakfast and lunch for three days.
Cherry is a member of the Rosaceae (or Pink) family. Specialist botanists include this genus in the genus Plum as a separate subgroup. In this case, the genus is subdivided into two sections: Cherry and Lavrovishnya. Garden varieties were obtained by domestication and hybridization of wild ancestors. However, to this day, its species are easy to find in the wild.
The appearance is quite typical for representatives of this family. Wild-growing wild cherry is a short (no higher than 3 m) tree. Garden varieties also have shrub forms. The leaves are not dissected, dark green, have small teeth along the edge, like a saw.
Blooming tree - a wonderful sight. Flowers appear simultaneously with leaves or slightly ahead of them. Flowers with five delicate petals, they have a white or cream color and a pleasant smell. The tree is all covered with flowers and looks like a white cloud. The flowering of the Japanese representative of the genus, sakura, is even a national holiday and serves as an important component in fostering a sense of beauty among the Japanese.
The fruit, or berry, has a dark red color and a smooth surface with one shallow groove from the stalk. The taste of the fruit is sweet with a pronounced sourness; in wild trees, the berry can be slightly bitter.
Description of aspidistra
According to one of the legends, the plant helped people protect themselves from bites - when the reptile even slightly touched the leaves, they swayed. According to another - it got its name because of the roots - thick, curved, similar to the interweaving of snake bodies. People speak of the flower as a snake's grass, but there is also a less predatory name - a friendly family.
There is no stem. Short petioles emerge from the ground, turning into wide oval leaves of a dark green color, dense, glossy, as if covered with a wax coating, collected in a bush resembling a crown in shape. Length - from 25 to 60 cm, depending on the type of plant, width - up to 15 cm. Roots - massive, creeping. The plant blooms for 1 day - more often in winter or early spring - the color of the petals can be white, red or pale purple. The aspidistra looks attractive in the photo, home care is simple.
The Latin name is aspidistra elatior. It is grown most often. If you don't know that this is a photo of a tropical flower, you might think you see a large lily of the valley. The bush is dense, with often growing dark leaves, up to 10 cm wide. Height - up to 80 cm. It grows slowly - 2-3 new shoots are formed a year.
There are several subspecies of a flower:
- Milky way or the milky way is smaller than the main species, the height reaches 60 cm. Irregular spots of white and cream color on the surface of the leaves are not a sign of a disease, but a characteristic feature. It was for these stars that the flower was given its name.
- Snow Cap. The difference from the parent species is the original color of the leaves. At the petioles, they are green, and towards the ends they brighten and become almost white.
- Blume. Bright, almost emerald leaf plates, when blooming, produces yellow or brown-crimson inflorescence stars.
If tall aspidistra is more often grown in offices or in various institutions - probably attracts by its "severity" - then "colored ones can be found in apartments. All subspecies are looked after equally.
According to some sources, it also belongs to the species of tall perennials, but differs in color and flowering. The leaf plates are painted bright green and are covered with longitudinal stripes over the entire surface - clear and indistinct, white or cream, of different widths.
On the slopes of the wooded mountains of Taiwan, a plant was discovered, which was named attenuata. Despite the voluminous bush, up to 60 cm in height, and a dense massive curved rhizome protruding from the ground and forming bizarre bends, the flower immediately gained popularity. It has some peculiarities - leaves (6-8 cm wide) covered with light streaks, grow on high petioles. The flowers are single, bell-shaped, with pale green petals, open in early summer. The inflorescences are large, up to 3 cm.
Narrow leaves - up to 3 cm, yellow-green, lemon or spotted. In blooming, it looks attractive and even mysterious because of the numerous small bright red inflorescences of stars. The maximum height of the bush is up to 60 m.
Small homeland - the foothills of China of the province of the same name, found at an altitude of 800-1110 m above sea level in bamboo thickets. Does not like direct sunlight. The root is powerful, branched, the leaves are single, erect, dark green with white or creamy arches and veins, lanceolate. The height of the bush is up to 70 cm. The inflorescence petals, which open at the beginning of winter, are dark purple.
It is found in the wild only in China and blooms in May. Purple flowers have the shape of elongated jugs and are up to 3 cm in size. The leaves are small, oval, light green, with small yellow spots, thin, scaly roots.
Large-flowered aspidistra began to grow very recently. The low popularity is explained by the rare flowering, and if the buds open, the flowers do not make an impression. The petals are thin, like spider legs, purple, with a diameter of 5 cm.The bush is crown-shaped, high - reaches 80-90 cm.
Home care, description of aspidistra flowers and leaves, flowering and types of indoor plants
Indoor plants have been constant human companions for many decades. Green helpers are able to revitalize and decorate any room, as well as purify the air and improve the climate. Biologists count several hundred types of indoor flowers. For several decades, tropical plants brought from other countries have been in demand. Decorative flowers quickly and easily adapt to new climatic conditions and become pets in many European countries. A striking representative of this group of plants is aspidistra.
Aspidistra (cast iron tree) is an ornamental deciduous flower that belongs to the Asparagus family. Because of its unpretentiousness, the plant is often called the cobbler's palm. The natural habitat of aspidistra is tropical and subtropical climatic latitudes with darkened and cool forests. The plant feels comfortable in Asia, China and Japan. The second name of the aspidistra is a friendly family.
The flower's root system appears to be compacted and partially located on the soil surface. The leaves are formed from basal cuttings and have a dark green tint. The maximum height of elongated leaves with a lanceolate shape is 80 cm, and the width is 15 cm. Some varieties have beige stripes on the surface of the leaf plate. The formation of small purple flowers occurs in the perianth. The shape of the seed is pear-shaped.
A plant of this type very rarely forms inflorescences at home. To obtain unusual flowers, it is necessary to bring the indoor climate as close as possible to the natural conditions in the homeland of the flower. The main feature of buds is their formation on the surface of the root system. Small purple inflorescences on the soil surface delight with their appearance only for 24 hours.
After the inflorescence withers, a small fruit with one seed begins to form.
Among the huge number of advantages of this plant, biologists distinguish the following:
- undemanding to sunlight
- ease of planting and maintenance
- fast green mass gain
- resistance to temperature extremes
- air purification and release of phytoncides
- sound absorption
- visual zoning of living space
- creating a bright point of attraction
- the ability to grow in children's rooms
- the presence of medicinal properties.
Aspidistra is not only an ornamental indoor plant, but also a medicinal flower. The flower sap has hemostatic, wound healing, countercurrent and disinfectant properties. Medicines made from aspidistra leaves are used to treat inflammation of the digestive and urinary systems, pneumonia, amenorrhea and gynecological diseases, as well as help to solve problems in the oral cavity.
Biologists identify several of the most popular types of this houseplant.
- Elatior Is a herbaceous tall perennial that has a creeping root system. The width of the leaf plate is more than 12 cm and has a dark green glossy color. The shape of the leaves that grow directly from the rhizome are lanceolate or oval. The eight-lobed perianth is yellow or crimson in color. The flowering period in indoor conditions is in the summer. The inflorescences are small and have a reddish-purple hue.
- "Milky Way" Is an evergreen fast growing variety that is easy to tolerate like ivy in low temperatures and drought. The structure of long leaves is rigid with milky spots on the surface of the leaf plate. These spots, resembling small stars, provoked the appearance of the second name of the flower - "Milky Way". At the end of winter, a houseplant can please with the appearance of small purple flowers.
- Variegated - This is a short species, the maximum height of which is 45 cm. The plant is distinguished by its demands on air humidity, watering frequency and soil quality. The dark green leaves have vertical milky stripes. Improper care, application of a large amount of fertilizer and frequent watering can provoke the disappearance of these stripes.
- Large-flowered Is a popular species native to Vietnam. The main feature is the ovoid form of leaves with contrasting spotting, the maximum height of which is 75 cm. This species blooms in mid-summer. Purple corollas are formed from basal buds. Bright and long petals with a deep purple color are formed along the edges of the corolla.
- Attenuata Is a fast growing variety with a creeping and round root system. The dark leaves are 50 cm high and 10 cm wide.
- Guanjou - This is a delicate variety, which is distinguished by thin roots and medium-sized leaves in the form of an ellipse. The long petiole is covered with yellow shapeless spots.
- Oblancefolia Is a Chinese cultivar with narrow leaves and small flowers. The color scheme of the leaves ranges from yellow-green to deep green.
- Sichuan Is a Chinese species whose natural habitat is bamboo thickets. A distinctive feature is the presence of a strong and powerful creeping root system and separately growing leaves, the maximum height of which is 75 cm.The leaves consist of a leaf plate about 35 cm in size and a cutting, the height of which can reach 40 cm.The color of the leaves is dark green with spotted interspersed.
You can get a new plant using several methods of propagation.
Dividing the bush
The simplest and most popular breeding method is to divide the bush. A mother shrub that has more than 10 leaf blades can be divided into several parts. The number of leaves in each part should not be less than 4 pieces. Above the pots with young plants, it is necessary to build a small greenhouse and place the structure in a warm place. To prevent the flower from rotting, you need to ventilate the greenhouse daily, and also moisten the soil as necessary.
Experienced gardeners recommend removing the film only after the first young leaf appears.
The leaf rooting method is more complex and takes a long period of time. The main advantage of flower propagation with the help of leaves is to obtain a new plant with all the varietal characteristics of the mother bush. Planting material for propagation is healthy leaves without petioles, the cutting of which is carried out with sharp and sterile tools.
To form the root system, it is necessary to place the leaf in a transparent sealed container with a small amount of water. The plant should be placed in a warm room with high light levels. After the roots appear, the planting material can be removed from the greenhouse and planted in a flower pot with a light deciduous substrate. A foil cap must be created around the young plant.
Only after the appearance of young leaves can the protective plastic film be removed.
The method of obtaining a new plant from seeds is the most difficult and time-consuming. Its main advantage is the ability to get a new variety of aspidistra. Finished seeds can be purchased at specialized garden stores. The selected seed material must be laid out on the surface of the container with nutrient soil and the soil must be moistened with a spray bottle. The number of seeds in one pot depends on the gardener's desire to carry out the subsequent picking of seedlings.
The plant reproduces quickly and without painstaking labor.
An unpretentious plant does not need frequent replanting. Experienced flower growers recommend this procedure as the root system grows with an interval of 4 years. After acquiring a young plant, it is necessary to keep it in quarantine for several days. The flower needs to be watered regularly and refrain from feeding. The diameter of the new planting container should be at least 5 cm larger than the old pot and also have a higher height. The root system of the flower has a high growth rate, but its delicate and fragile structure does not allow for frequent replanting. The most suitable method for transplanting is transshipment.
For transplanting, you need to purchase a ready-made universal soil or prepare a soil mixture yourself. To prepare nutrient soil, you need to mix sod soil, peat, sand, compost or humus in equal proportions. A small amount of leafy soil will help increase the acidity. A prerequisite for transplanting is the presence of a drainage layer in the new planting tank... The extracted plant, together with the earth, must be carefully transferred into a new pot and covered with nutritious soil all the voids.
The planted plant must be watered abundantly with settled water at room temperature.
Aspidistra is an unpretentious plant that is afraid of direct sunlight. Home care will not cause difficulties even for inexperienced flower growers. The flowerpot can be placed in any darkened place. A tall plant does not require special weaving devices. Varieties with variegated foliage need more light. In the absence of natural sunlight, the plant can grow and develop, receiving only artificial light.
The optimal temperature regime in the summer is in the range from +20 to +25 degrees. In winter, the plant feels comfortable at +16 degrees. The flower is not picky about air humidity, but it needs regular dust removal from the leaves with a wet sponge. The plant prefers regular and moderate watering, which should be carried out after the top soil layer has dried. For irrigation, use settled water at room temperature. In winter, at an air temperature of no more than +18 degrees, it is enough to moisten the soil once every 2 weeks.
It is strictly forbidden to use non-settled water for irrigation, which contains a large amount of mineral elements and salts. Together with water, the tuber transfers to the leaves and dissolved salts, which, when evaporated, are deposited on the leaf plate and provoke the development of burns. With prolonged use of poor quality water, the flower can not only get sick, but also die.
Experienced gardeners recommend a timely plant transplant. If the root system has completely filled the entire volume of the planting tank, the flower stops growing and stops forming new leaves.
Aspidistra responds positively to the timely application of mineral and organic fertilizers. To carry out feeding, it is necessary to purchase complex fertilizers for deciduous ornamental plants in specialized stores. Varieties with bright spots do not need feeding, which can cause the spots to disappear. Pruning of aspidistra is carried out only in sanitary measures, when dry and damaged leaf plates appear among healthy and bright leaves. You need to cut off the diseased leaf at its very base.
When growing aspidistra, a number of the following problems can arise:
- dark spots on the leaf plate - the effects of sunburn treatment - placing the flower pot away from direct sunlight
- decay of the root system - the consequences of prolonged waterlogging of the soil treatment - normalization of the frequency of watering
- yellowing of the leaf plate - a sign of aging or damage to a flower by dangerous insects, biologists identify several of the most common pests - spider mites and scale insects treatment - plant treatment with special chemicals
- wilting of foliage - non-observance of the watering regime, the plant can be restored with the help of moderate and regular soil moistening
- drying of leaves - the presence of a low level of humidity in the room treatment - an increase in the number of sprays
- color change - a sign of over-fertilization and low light levels
- lack of young shoots - a sign of a lack of nitrogenous elements treatment - fertilization of the plant with a urea solution.
Examples in design
Aspidista is a versatile plant that can be used not only to decorate apartments, offices and social facilities, but also to create bright and beautiful bouquets with its help. The main advantages of this plant in floristry are its high aesthetic characteristics, the ability to give the desired shape to the bouquet, as well as its harmonious combination with a large number of flowers.
Compositions with aspidistra and roses, calla lilies, lilies, chrysanthemums and gerberas can be used to decorate various events and special occasions.
Experienced housewives recommend growing a flower in the kitchen, where there is a large accumulation of the smell of burning and smoke. Aspidistra not only absorbs all dust and toxic substances as a vacuum cleaner, but also humidifies the air.
The absence of toxic substances in the sap of the plant allows you to make flower zones from aspidistra in the nursery. The flower stabilizes the child's psyche, improves memory and attention. The cast iron flower is absolutely safe for pets. In the summer, large flowerpots with a plant can be taken out into the street and decorate the local area with them. In climatic zones where the temperature in winter does not drop below 0 degrees, gardeners use the flower for designer garden decoration.
Cast iron wood looks especially impressive in large office spaces. The flower, planted in stylish and beautiful pots, will emphasize the chosen stylistic direction and improve the atmosphere in the work area. For many decades, indoor flowers have been a traditional decoration of any room along with interior items, paintings and textiles. Each experienced housewife tries to grow several of the most beautiful plants on her windowsill.
Before buying a flower you like, it is imperative to study its properties and influence on the home atmosphere, as well as the features of care. Florists consider aspidistra a win-win option, which will not only purify the air and have a positive effect on the emotional state of all family members, but also help cure some diseases.
For information on how to properly care for adspidistra at home, see the next video.
The most tenacious house plants
Houseplants have a beneficial effect on the mental and emotional state of a person, therefore their presence in the house is extremely important. In addition, they enliven the interior, are a wonderful decorative element, and their color is considered soothing. However, many green pets require careful care, without which they can die pretty soon. We will consider in this article those plants that practically do not need care and are adapted to a wonderful independent existence.
Initially, the name of this flower meant "cast iron plant", from which one can conclude about its inflexibility and unpretentiousness. The plant is more than neutral to frequent watering, does not feel a lack of water for many weeks, so it is extremely difficult to destroy it in this way. Moreover, aspidistra feels great in a gloomy place devoid of light, so it will be a wonderful decoration for some dark corner of the room.
Another completely independent plant species, the natural habitat of which is Africa. Perhaps that's why it feels great when left out. Mother-in-law's tongue also has useful properties, in particular, the ability to clean the air well and saturate the room with oxygen. This is definitely a plus for the plant, which requires almost nothing in return. All he needs is watering once every few weeks. Much more important in this situation is to pour, not add. For the most comfortable existence, you can put the mother-in-law's tongue in a place that is susceptible to the influence of indirect sunlight, but such a condition is completely unnecessary, because it is difficult not to please this plant.
The money tree still needs one prerequisite: it loves sunlight, so a bright corner in the house is suitable for it. The plant does not require a lot of water. There is an opinion that it brings good luck and money, which is why, in fact, a similar name was presented to it. In another way, the money tree is called a fat woman.
For the first time, such an important material in the history of mankind as rubber was obtained from this plant. It has large, wide leaves, which make it perfect as an interior decoration. Rubber ficus is quite capable of reaching a height of fifteen meters and, thus, taking root in its position as a decorative element for many years to come. By analogy with previous plants, this type of ficus is unpretentious to watering and is able to withstand many adversities.
What is gardening? How to properly care for flowers?
Horticulture is one of the horticultural industries that grows fruit and ornamental plants. In fact, this is not a very simple task, because at the present time the assortment of varieties is so huge that it is quite easy to get lost in it.
Many novice gardeners are interested in the question of how to properly care for flowers in the garden. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the soil - it must be not only permeable and light, but also fertile.
The second condition is the place where the plant will be planted, it should be quiet and without drafts. The third condition should be good but moderate watering, as well as regular weeding and feeding.
How to care for garden flowers? This needs to be figured out.
- Peonies are the most unpretentious plant that will not provide much trouble. Basically, they just require a garter during the flowering period and feeding with phosphorus fertilizers.
- Gladioli - they must be planted in early spring in a sunny place without wind. Such flowers require regular feeding. Before the emergence of shoots, loosen the ground around them.
- Roses - they require a lot of attention and care. Only grafted seedlings should be planted in the soil; this is best done in the fall. In the summertime, roses require regular watering, loosening and weeding. When spring comes, it is imperative to prune old or damaged branches.
- Lilies - These plants require black soil and a shaded area without direct sunlight. Watering should not be regular. In April, it is necessary to fertilize with mineral fertilizers.
- Tulips - these plants require a transplant every four years, usually in the month of October. Top dressing with fertilizers is not required, watering should be constant, and loosening and weeding should be infrequent.
Floriculture is a fun and exciting experience. It helps to understand and protect nature.Gardening and floriculture are closely related, which is why, using these tips, you will not have to wait long for the result.