Growing Indian Eggplants: Learn About Common Indian Eggplant Varieties

Growing Indian Eggplants: Learn About Common Indian Eggplant Varieties

By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

As the name suggests, Indian eggplants are native to thewarm climate of India, where they grow wild. In recent years, the smallegg-shaped veggies, also known as baby eggplants, have become highly desiredfor their mild sweet flavor and creamy texture. The good news is that growingIndian eggplants isn’t difficult, and is much the same as growing othervarieties.

Types of Indian Eggplants

Gardeners can choose from several kinds of Indian eggplants. Here are a few of the most popular Indian eggplant cultivars:

  • Black Chu Chu hybrid, which produces small rounded fruits, is one of the newer Indian eggplant varieties.
  • Red Chu Chu hybrid is an egg-shaped, bright reddish-purple eggplant.
  • Calliope is an attractive oval eggplant with purple and white streaks.
  • Apsara is one of the newest kinds of Indian eggplants. It produces rounded purple fruit with contrasting white stripes.
  • Bharata Star is a high-yielding plant that produces rounded purple-black fruit in 60-70 days.
  • Harabegan hybrid is an unusual eggplant with long, narrow, pale green fruit and few seeds.
  • Raavayya hybrid is among the most popular Indian eggplant cultivars. It produces egg-shaped fruit with attractive reddish-purple skin.
  • Raja hybrid is a unique white eggplant with a rounded shape.
  • Udumalpet produces pretty pale green, goose-egg shaped fruit with purple streaks.

Growing Indian Eggplants

The easiest way to begin growing Indian eggplant is topurchase young plants in spring. You can also start seeds indoors six to nineweeks ahead of time. Indian eggplant is a tropical plant and doesn’t toleratecold temperatures. Don’t move plants outdoors until all danger of frost haspassed and daytime temperatures are at least 65 F. (18 C.).

Indian eggplant likes fertile, well-drained soil. Dig in agenerous amount of compost, well-rotted manure or other organic material beforeplanting. Mulch the plants well to keep the soil moist and discourage growth ofweeds.

Provide Indian eggplants with at least an inch (2.5 cm.) of waterper week. Deep watering is healthier and produces strong roots. Avoid frequent,shallow watering.

Indian eggplant is a heavy feeder. Apply a balancedfertilizer at planting time, and again shortly after fruit appears.

Weed around eggplants frequently, as weeds will rob moistureand nutrients from the plants.

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Four Eggplant Varieties Harvested How To Harvest Eggplants

In today’s video we discuss the profile for 4 different eggplant varieties. These eggplants, also called brinjal or aubergines are popular varieties to grow. Buy Seeds: and and
Harvesting eggplants is easy but its important to know the different varieties of eggplant, aubergine or brinjal that you can harvest in your home garden. We show you how to harvest eggplant, brinjal or aubergine in today’s video. Eggplant production is not very difficult as you will see in this video.

Video taken from the channel: California Gardening

Container Types

Eggplants can grow rather large, so it’s a good idea to start with a large pot so it has lots of room to grow. A 5-gallon pot that’s at least 12 inches deep is recommended. Each eggplant requires 12-14 inches of space. If the eggplant really thrives, you may need to transplant it into a larger pot as it grows.

If you live in a cooler climate and still want to plant eggplant, you can try my method. I’ve had great success with getting a better yield by using black plastic pots. They retain more heat than lighter-colored ones, and keep the soil warmer, which is what the plant needs in order to fruit.

You can also try growing eggplants in an upside-down bottle planter, as pictured in the video above. This method works well for tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers too. If you’re really short on yard space, this “hanging garden” technique is invaluable! You can grow tons of vegetables without taking up valuable land.


Eggplants come in all shapes, sizes and colors and are prized in the Indian kitchen. These scrumptious eggplants are easy to grow and do well in the heat of the summer. Ratna is a round to oval variety that's early maturing, and very productive. This shape and size is the proto-typical Indian eggplant. Dark purple, can be harvested while small or large.

Approximately 5500 seeds/oz