How to make a wooden staircase to a country house or gazebo: step by step instructions
The house in the country can be one-story or have 2-3 floors - much here is determined by the financial situation of the owners. Usually, if there are enough funds, people prefer to build a two-story house - there is more useful area, and it takes up as much space on the site as a one-story building or a little more. The construction of any two-story house will not be complete without a staircase. Wood is one of the most suitable materials for its manufacture. A staircase made of wood will suit any interior and will become its decoration. Wooden stairs for summer cottages today can be ordered from specialized firms or made on your own.
Structural types of stairs
The main types of stairs are, of course, marching and turning. Straight stairs are marching structures, they are easiest to assemble, but they take up a lot of space, so this option is more suitable for a large house.
Marching staircase with risers and interesting railings made of timber, mesh and metal rungs. Lateral supports are used little, their lack is compensated by the use of a grid. The lobby of the first floor is spacious, the use of a flight staircase is quite appropriate here
The swivel staircase is compact, it can be spiral and mid-flight. Installing a swing ladder saves space, especially screw structures, but the disadvantage is that it is not easy to make them yourself.
Spiral staircases look much more original than marching ones, such a staircase itself is the central detail of the interior, but for its manufacture it is necessary to involve specialists
The main stages of the construction of the stairs
Stage # 1 - choosing the right material
Work begins on the creation of the staircase already with the choice of material. Pine, beech, birch, ash, oak are the types of wood that are best suited for this - they look beautiful in the interior and are durable in use. Oak stairs are the most expensive and durable, but pine is a relatively inexpensive material with good characteristics.
Stage # 2 - carrying out calculations and drawing up drawings
Before you start designing, you will need to calculate the dimensions of the stairs and make a drawing of it. For the house, you can make a stringer staircase with risers, balusters and railings. We will look at how to build a staircase without turns with a one-march rise.
First you need to prepare a place for installation. If you neglect this point, the ladder may be installed incorrectly, over time, creaking and gaps will appear. Unevenness in the floor and walls entails an incorrect distribution of the load, which leads to deformation of the structure.
Knowledge of the basic rules is necessary in order to make the necessary calculations. The ideal angle of elevation of the march is 45 degrees, but if there is not enough space, it can be reduced to 30-40 degrees.
Scheme of the construction of a wooden marching staircase with risers. The simple design can be used both indoors and outdoors when building a porch
Then you need to calculate the length of the stairs. Here we will have to remember the school geometry course. The formula for calculating the hypotenuse of a right triangle will help you: c = √ (a2 + b2). Here c - will be the length of the side bases, a - the height from the floor to the second floor, b - the distance between the point where it is planned to place the first step to the mark of the second floor, which will need to be projected onto the floor.
Depending on the height and internal structure of the house, the staircase can be one-flight or two-flight. The height of the risers is 290 mm. The width of the steps is no more than 25 cm, 3 cm goes to the ledge. If the steps are high, or the number of steps in the march exceeds 18, you can make a small platform (700 / 1000mm). The width of the march should not be less than 80cm, ideally it should be one meter.
According to the established standards, the height of the railing is from 90 cm to one meter. It will be much easier to work if you indicate all the necessary calculations on the drawing of the future staircase.
Stage # 3 - preparation of tools and organization of work
Tools and materials that will be needed for work: a meter, a marking pencil, a hammer, a square to mark the stringers, a hacksaw, boards for steps, risers, kosour, screws, nails, a bar for railings and balusters.
First, the side bases are made. We measure the angle of abutment to the floor from the bottom edge of the board, draw a horizontal line. From the line with a square we measure the width and height for each step to the top, then measure the angle of adherence to the 2nd base. In the same way, we make the markup of the second board. We cut out the patterns with a hacksaw, fix them in the right place with screws.
The next step is cutting and nailing the risers to the base. They should adhere to the stringers without distortions, ideally even. After the base is finished, you can mount the steps.
The steps can be made of a solid board or you can use two narrow boards 15 cm wide. What you choose is up to you, but the tree must lie firmly, evenly. Boards are fixed with screws and nails
Stage # 4 (optional) - installation of handrails and fences
Railings are an important part of any staircase, they make the ascent and descent safe, and serve as a decorative function, giving completeness to the staircase structure. A simple option that will look good is a railing from a bar. We cut out meter balusters. Two balusters will be straight supports, the rest need to be filed and shortened by 5-10 cm at an angle of 45 degrees. The side supports are nailed to the steps, you can cut grooves into them. A bar is placed on top, which serves as a handrail.
Variants of stairs for summer cottages: 1 - marching with risers, 2 - without risers, 3 - rotary structure, 4 - light wooden staircase, 5 - light spiral staircase made of wood and metal, 6 - spiral staircase with steps along the support pillar
If you want to create an original staircase, the railings can be made of another material - you can order forged railings, metal or even tempered glass, for a wooden staircase. Carved details will also give an attractive look to the stairs.
Swivel staircase made of wood and metal. Wrought iron railings and metal supports match perfectly with wooden steps
Marching staircase with a small platform. The platform will be convenient with a large number of steps. A staircase without classic risers looks lighter. The design looks aesthetically pleasing despite its simplicity
The staircase can be without railings, but this option is not common - it is dangerous for children to walk on such a staircase, carry bulky objects up.
If you wish, you can make a staircase without railings - for example, like this staircase-wardrobe, where the space under the stairs is used for the benefit of business - in such a kind of cabinet you can place dishes and other trifles, and the structure as a whole looks very original
Here's a simple ladder that will turn out if you follow these instructions. The design is ready, and if you cover it with varnish, skillfully choose the decor, then it will look attractive and aesthetically pleasing, despite its simplicity.
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With your own hands - How to do it yourself
IS IT POSSIBLE TO MAKE A BEAUTIFUL, RELIABLE AND INEXPENSIVE WOODEN LADDER YOURSELF WITHOUT USING COMPLEX TECHNOLOGIES? DMITRY TOKAREV FROM THE MOSCOW CITY ODINTSOVO ANSWERS CONFIDENTIAL, PROVING IT BY A PERSONAL EXAMPLE.
To make a classic wooden staircase, you need standard elements sold in a hardware store or in the market. There are only eight of them.
IF THE LADDERS ARE INSTALLED IN A WOODEN LOGS OR A SHOULDER HOUSE, THEN IT SHOULD BE AT LEAST 4-5 YEARS: THE SHRINKING OF THE HOUSE IS PRACTICALLY FINISHED, AND THE LADDER WILL NOT LEAD.
Actual materials for wooden spiral staircases to the second floor
The range of building materials that are now actually used for the manufacture of staircase structures is practically unlimited. These can be time-tested structures made of stone, blocks, bricks, concrete slabs, metal or lighter ones, glass, aluminum, PVC. Which material to choose in each specific case, the decision is made individually, not the least role, among which finances play, the purpose and location of the stairs, as well as the tastes of the owner of the house.
Steel remains the favorite building material for creating more modern staircases. It can be lightweight yet incredibly strong and is often used in combination with wood or glass.
Naturally, the wooden structure will always have many admirers. This building material is so diverse and versatile that it can be made from it, both voluminous, massive structures, and light, almost airy ones.
Also, stairs can be made from:
- DPK, etc.
Today, structures made of polypropylene pipes are very relevant, which are distinguished by originality, practicality and low project cost.
It is possible to build a wooden staircase with your own hands, adhering to certain rules. We have collected tips from professionals for you in the article: https://homeli.ru/remont-i-otdelka/lestnitsy/kak-ustanovit-derevyannuyu-lestnitsu.
Staircase in a private house on a metal frame
Another of the most popular types of structures that connect the floors of a house is a staircase on a metal frame. The reliability and strength of metal does not need advertising, but not everyone knows the information about the finishing materials with which it is best combined. We will talk about this now.
For a luxury home, only an even more luxurious staircase will do.
Stylish and elegant metal staircase for the living room
The use of bare metal is of course also permissible, but not everyone will be pleased to walk on it, especially when it is cool in the house. Therefore, it is best to use a combined version of the manufacture of a staircase, the frame is metal, the steps are wood, glass or artificial marble.
Two types of staircase designs are most commonly used:
- Marching flights - consist of the same length of flight flights and a platform separating them
- Spiral (screw) - in the classic design, this is a staircase with a projection contour in the shape of a circle.
Original flight staircase with wooden steps
Spectacular wrought iron staircase with an interesting design
Stylish staircase to the second floor in the Art Nouveau style
Stairs with transparent impact-resistant glass railings look lighter and more airy. They are best suited to modern and high-tech interior styles.
Their graceful and sophisticated appearance will always draw attention to themselves. Glass can also be combined with panels of various types of wood. The most interesting combination will look with such species as teak, oak, cedar, beech and maple.
Glass railings add grace to the perfect forms of modern style
Airiness, elegance, lightness and at the same time absolute reliability and safety of the staircase
With the right design, you can fit a staircase even into a fairly narrow span.