Country style garden - rustic style
Country style, or, in other words, "rustic" - the most free and democratic option of the whole variety of landscape solutions. This is a garden for those who like large, bright flowers in flower beds, flowering fruit trees, elegant vegetable beds, uncomplicated garden furniture, natural materials of garden paths. True, such a garden will require a little more maintenance than a natural or landscape garden, but those who like country-style plants will be happy to take care of them.
A traditional Russian garden in a rustic style is well known to each of us. Here, behind a wooden fence, apple trees, pears, and sometimes hazel, brought by the owner from the forest, are planted. In a more southern version, the obligatory sign of such a garden is sunflowers, resting on a wicker fence, and rising almost to the very roof of a whitewashed mallow house.
However, sunflowers and mallow are a sign of the middle of summer. And the country garden blooms from spring to late autumn - this is its special charm. In the spring, tulips and daffodils bloom here, then shrubs take over the flowering race, among which the largest and with a bright, thick aroma are lilac and jasmine. Summer is the kingdom of rose bushes and hydrangeas; towards the end of the warm season, phloxes become the dominant of the garden. The garden carnation is very good at this time. Poppies and bright orange capuchins (nasturtium) are appropriate here.
On rather neglected lawns, which cannot be called lawns, clover, bells and even dandelions may well grow. But large-flowered varieties of irises and clematis adored by many in the village garden are not entirely appropriate. In autumn, the owners of such a garden will be pleased with asters and large bright flower beds, the dominant of which can be dahlias, rudbeckia, helenium. Bright yellow thickets of Jerusalem artichoke and "golden balls" along the fence look good.
Recently, in country gardens, such cultivated "savages" as yarrow, variegated whiteness, red-leaved plantain, etc., have firmly taken their place in country gardens. When arranging a garden, it should be remembered that although the flowering in it is quite exuberant, it should look as if it is already a hundred years old.
In addition, it is advisable to pay tribute to the very first examples of such gardens in Europe by planting spicy plants in it and making at least a small decorative garden. The beds of lettuce, parsley and onions look attractive on their own. And if you decorate them with decorative cabbage and flowers, such as marigolds or feverfew, then all this will look no worse than a decorative flower bed. In such a garden, you can keep a greenhouse.
A very good solution would be to divide the ornamental garden into separate sections using low wattle fences and wooden trellises. In a more rigorous version, the gardens, designed by the English landscape designer Gertrude Jekyll, can become a role model.
However, the country style is not only about fruit trees, bright lush plants, beautiful red peppers, tomatoes, salads, green crops and very graphic pumpkins. This is a kind of accessories kingdom. The most common elements often called "Americanisms" are cartwheels, straw stuffed animals, and decorative figurines. There should not be a lot of them, otherwise the garden will look overloaded with details, not real. A beautifully made well, a bright bench at the entrance to the house, a paved terrace entwined with maiden grapes, or a gazebo in a secluded corner will give it much more charm. Having decided to put a decorative cart next to the flower beds, think carefully about the composition of plants that will decorate it.
Floral plants or ornamental vegetables in tin containers - leaky buckets, cans, watering cans - look very appropriate in a village garden. It would be nice if all your "crafts" of this kind were accompanied by an element of humor.
Paths connecting different areas of the garden should not be straight. Their smooth curves will expand the garden space, and behind each a turn can be in for a surprise. Granite screening paths are very appropriate here. And in general, the optimal material for paths in a village garden is natural stone. If the paving is made of concrete paving stones, you can slightly revive it by replacing part of the covering with granite or basalt paving stones. You can drown unnecessary gears and springs into a monolithic concrete base for the track, or make a track from old covers from sewer manholes.
There are not so many options for reservoirs for a country garden. It can be a pond in a rustic style, with banks overgrown with reeds, or a very small reservoir, created from a wooden trough or tub.
So, the country garden is blooming and fragrant, the satisfied owners enjoy the birdsong and come up with something else to plant so that it becomes just like in a picture from a fashion magazine. Such a garden is the best choice for creative people who are bored within the strict canons of the classics, whose hands are still striving to make a new bench or cart, cut out a cute wooden animal and plant another flower, brighter and more magnificent than the previous one ...
Country style garden (country style)
Country style means rural style... It is very suitable for suburban areas and does not require large physical costs. Country style is in good harmony with our Slavic worldview. To show the mood of a country garden, you need to convey the atmosphere of an old garden in it. Firstly, it should look like a grandmother's garden from our childhood: a little neglected, a little messy. Secondly, a country garden should be overflowing with flowers of various types and colors.
There should be no trendy exotic plantings here. Everything should be much simpler: lilacs, hydrangeas, peonies, everything that corresponds to a rural type of garden. Accessories are very important in a country garden. All this can be purchased in stores, but it will be much more interesting to do it all with your own hands, to put your soul into the life of your country garden, to give old, forgotten things a second life.
Another element of the country garden is a picket fence or wattle fence, on which you can hang clay jugs. The paths in this garden are best made of bricks, gravel, or wood cuts. If you want to put a gazebo in a country garden, then it should be quite simple and uncomplicated. A gazebo with a thatched roof or shingles will look very impressive.
And of course, what a garden without fruit trees. Simple apple trees, pears, cherries, apricots and others will be very appropriate here. Also, pay due attention to fruit bushes.
An important part of the rural garden is the vegetable garden. And if you do not focus on the harvest, then in your ornamental garden you can plant beets, carrots, greens for salad. Be sure to plant a pumpkin somewhere on the sidelines. You can make a funny scarecrow and put it in the garden.
Don't forget, your garden should look pretty democratic. And believe me, everyone who enters your country garden will certainly want to relax from everyday worries, take off their shoes and walk barefoot on the grass, as it happened in childhood.
Wicker in the country-style garden - a master class on creation and photo
When setting up a country-style garden, do not forget about low fences. They will divide the territory into several zones. It is possible with the help of such devices to delimit the territory between neighbors.
Making a wattle fence is pretty simple. Drive several pointed stakes into the soil vertically at equal distances. Then start wrapping them with elastic branches. You can use this idea and, breaking a flower garden. Make a similar small wattle fence and place inverted earthenware jugs on top of the stakes. Attach a wooden wheel to the side.
With the help of a wattle fence, you can designate the area of u200b u200bthe location of a small garden. Such a fence will be low, so it does not require a lot of materials.
If you have old boards, you can also use them to build a low fence. These materials don't even need to be painted. Let it be in its original form to add a touch of antiquity. You will plant flowers inside.
You can arrange a fence in the form of a wattle fence only on one side of the flower garden. Then he will separate the flower bed from the lawn. If you place such a wattle fence on both sides, then there will also be a delimitation of the path with the flower garden.
If you have a wooden fence, add a touch of country to it. Nail the board here on which you want to fix screws or nails. You will hang pans on them, arranging them according to their height.
To make a country-style garden beautiful and functional, you can set up a pharmacy garden here, arrange several beds to harvest.
Someone will remember, probably, a trip to their grandmother in the village, the front garden under the window, and someone has their own idea of the village.
The backbone of the garden is primarily trees and shrubs. On a country-style plot, you can use fruit trees, and not only the usual Antonovka or Papirovka apple trees, but also ornamental berry apple trees and Ussuri pear, which in spring is covered with white foam of flowers. The usual red and black currants, gooseberries look very decorative, but grown on a trunk, they can even be used in flower beds as high-rise accents - they take up little space, and are decorative, and even give a crop.
Of herbaceous perennials in such a garden, rudbeckia will be advantageous, especially rudbeckia dissected-leaved, the famous "golden balls", heliopsis (perennial sunflower), aconite, monarda, paniculate phlox, bearded irises (it is better to choose something from the old varieties - and they get sick less, and will look more natural ), all kinds of asters, chamomile, mountain cornflower, physalis, lupins and, of course, dahlias, gladioli.
There will also be room for biennials. Particularly natural in the village garden look like a bearded carnation, a mallow, a stock-rose, a middle bell, a daisy, a matron's nocturnal, a purple foxglove. Biennials are also good in that they annually give abundant self-seeding and therefore independently settle throughout the garden, giving it naturalness and, as it were, unkempt. The main place in the village garden is occupied by annual flower crops... First of all - a wide variety of tagetes, especially thin-leaved, double-feathery cosmeya, dahlias "cheerful guys", fragrant tobacco, mattiola two-horned, gray-haired levkoy, annual sunflower, Drummond phlox, nasturtium, sweet peas.
There is also space for ornamental vegetables in the village garden. First of all, these are green crops, such as curly parsley, basil, lettuce, dill, or maybe it makes sense to take crops and more complex ones: for example, fennel, perilla, ornamental cabbage. Zucchini, bush pumpkins, corn (especially decorative varieties) look very beautiful in village flower beds. Having made the simplest trellis from twigs, you can plant annual vines: sweet peas, morning glory, beans.
Country style originated in the village, so it brings us closer to nature, forms a certain mood and spirituality.
So what is it - country? This is a pleasant picture of flower beds with bright variegated flowers, fragrant thickets of jasmine and lilacs, and even a dilapidated bench somewhere in a secluded corner under fruit trees and juicy greens that caress the eye - this idyllistic picture of the unity of man with nature is the basis of the country style.
Many Russian citizens own the famous “six acres” outside the city, where they rush to the end of the working week, and even more so in the spring and summer. It is unlikely that anyone would think of decorating their garden plot in an exquisite English style with a topiary haircut, or turning it into a Japanese rock garden, and what is all this about? Respectable decorations in the style of rich Russian estates and modernist trends in landscape design are also unacceptable for six acres.
The best solution for the design of our summer cottages is precisely the country style. Country landscape design fits best into our not quite spacious areas, taking us back to the days when our grandfathers were still young. These are sunny fruits of pumpkins hanging from fences or wattle fences, fruit trees with juicy fruits, bright fragrant flowers, over which bees and butterflies always flutter - why not a paradise for those who have a rest from the bustle of the city? In such a garden, you do not need to mow lawns all the time, form tree crowns and the like - here you will find a full rest and recuperation.
One of the famous directions of the country style is American, which we associate with the sounds of banjo, clatter of horses and cowboys. Russian landscape designers use some elements of American country when decorating our plots - these are low fences knocked together from poles, a cart wheel, as if by chance left in any corner of the garden, and even a decorative hitching post and a drinking bowl. This is what the American country style is limited to in the design of Russian sites. In general, the idea of decorating gardens in the country style came to us not from America, but from an old woman - Europe.
The most famous country-style garden landscaping specialist is the Englishwoman Gertrude Jekyll. The predecessors of the current country gardens were gardens with a small area at the cottages, the owners of which grew various decorative flowers and spices, vegetables. The famous designer kept all this, however, she brought aesthetics and charm to such utility and prosaicity, and this won immense popularity. Originating in England, the country style soon spread throughout Europe, where many country-style garden plots delight the eye with stunning flower arrangements, ornamental gardens and trees. Moreover, the inhabitants of each country gave this style a certain originality characteristic of the culture of a given country. For example, the aristocracy characteristic of the British in France is replaced by a kind of Provencal lightness of being - the French have lavender and other Provencal plants in their gardens. And in Germany, the country style reflects the pragmatism of the German burghers and is successfully combined with the lush German Biedermeier style.
The twentieth century has brought its own adjustments to country - fashion trends and various innovations have not spared this style either. The reasons for this were changes in environmental conditions, attitudes towards design, changing priorities, and so on. The main new direction of landscape design is the creation of gardens that do not require daily and painstaking care. It should be remembered that country-style design is about creating a place to relax, not the cultivation of potatoes and other vegetables. The main principle here is the naturalness of the design: everything should be as close to nature as possible. That is why, along with gooseberries, currants, roses and other cultivated plants, plantain, yarrow and other wild plants are planted. Lawns should also look natural, that is, not very well-groomed and even. In addition to herbs on lawns, you can plant chamomile, buttercup, clover and even dandelion, with which gardeners are at war all the time. All this colorful range enlivens the lawns and creates a natural idyll. But nevertheless, along with such naturalness and simplicity, professionalism and competent design should be felt in everything.
Planning involves first and foremost the identification of areas for relaxation in the garden.An irreplaceable and traditional attribute of the garden in the village is the bench at the entrance to the house. In the summer heat from the sun, you can take refuge on the cobbled terrace under the trees. For privacy and quiet relaxation, you can select a corner somewhere in the distance. If the area allows, then it is better to build a gazebo in the garden - it will become a favorite place for guests and household members, and if this is not possible, then it would be nice to pull a light awning between the trees, and under it - a small table with chairs.
Rest is rest, but you also want to plant something, there is free land! Many Russians combine business with pleasure on their land plots. If your site is decorated in country style, then its advantage will be that even the most ordinary objects can be displayed in a completely different light - for example, if you equip a simple greenhouse with a decorative door with an ornament and a ridge, it will become a garden decoration and a background for various decorations ... As the professionals from the Positive Project company advise, it is better to decorate the walls of outbuildings with vines, and separate the utility part of the garden with trellises or a wattle fence with decorative trim.
Garden - well-groomed beds with parsley, green onions and other plants already have a beautiful decoration for your garden, and if you plant ornamental cabbage, marigolds or something else on the beds, you will get the most exquisite flower bed. Much depends on your imagination and ingenuity - you can turn the garden into an original living corner. You can, for example, install a do-it-yourself tin plate on the beds, which will depict the culture growing on this bed, you can also attribute here some information about this culture. This is a very original and useful approach, especially for children, who will gain some knowledge of botany in this “aesthetic” way.
We also advise you to visit specialized art salons, where you can choose for the garden many different funny, but at the same time necessary trinkets, which will decorate the garden and give a certain decor to the garden. Many tin objects that have outlived their time can also serve as flower pots and other ornamental plants - watering cans, buckets, and so on. Do it with ease and humor, so that everything looks aesthetically pleasing and fun, because the country style is exactly that.
Flower garden decoration - what household plot in Russia does without front gardens? This traditionally Russian element of landscape design pleases the eye with bright colors and smells sweet all over the area. Mallows and sunflowers, as well as other flowers and ornamental plants, inverted krynka on fences, and a bench between lilac or jasmine bushes for conversations and discussing the latest news - all this is dear and pleasant for a Russian person.
Tracks - play an important role in the design of a country-style garden, and in any other style too. They do not have to be even and straight, they need to be done with smooth curves - this will help to visually expand the space. And you can also arrange something like a pleasant surprise around every turn. The material for the formation of garden paths can be granite screening, limestone or sandy flagstone, and for the arrangement of sites - wooden platforms. If you cover the paths with concrete paving stones, it will be good to revive such an unsightly landscape with stonecrop and thyme pillows, add basalt or granite paving stones, and also sprinkle with pebbles in some places. To give dynamics and liveliness in the concrete base of the tracks, you can drown various unusable nuts, washers, glass balls, springs, gears and the like. Even old sewer manholes can be used, which are pretty good material for decorating paths. Originality in the landscape design of the garden area is an important factor - this is the opinion of the specialists of the Positive Project company.
Small architectural forms: country-style design also assumes the presence of small forms in the garden, and the main material in this case is wood. What are small country style shapes? These can be pergolas made of uncut poles or various details woven from vines. And in order for the vine to serve for a long time, you can soak it with a special water-repellent, that is, water-repellent solution. Traditional wattle fence can be replaced with decorative climbing plant supports or balls. Various figures made of wood or bronze look very nice - they can be placed in certain corners of the garden. But it is not recommended to use ceramic figurines when decorating a design, as ceramics will violate all the natural and so romantic mood of your garden.
Water in the garden - no landscape is unthinkable without it, this applies equally to country-style landscape. The whole picture of your garden and a single composition will be wonderfully complemented by a windmill - this most important attribute of rural life. But remember that it should in no way be installed under an apple tree or any other tree, or in the middle of a lawn - this will disturb the harmony of the garden. You can install it on a wooden platform next to the reservoir, and if the landscape allows, then on a hill.
Our recommendations in the end: You, of course, want the garden to be decorated in the same style, and to feel harmony and aesthetics in everything. In this case, we strongly recommend abandoning elements that are alien to the country style, such as alpine slides or rockeries, or other details that also "come" from other styles. And if you really want to have something like this with you, then it is better to fence off this part of the landscape from the general territory of the garden with the help of a low wattle fence or hedge, thereby delimiting the wildlife and cultural landscape from each other.
Summing up, we will emphasize the main features of country-style garden landscape design:
- the garden does not require daily and exhausting maintenance
- it should be remembered that there should be many flower beds in the garden, where, along with cultivated flowers, cultivated wild flowers and herbs should also be planted
- all those already unusable items that you have ever used in the garden - watering cans, buckets, wheelbarrows, etc., can be used for planting flowers, seedlings and creating a unique decor
- and most importantly - fantasize yourself and use your imagination and humor, but do not forget about the basic principles of country style.
All the best and successful in your business!
Landscaping in a "rustic" style actually requires good taste - it is important not to overdo it with the details. You need to create the atmosphere of an old garden, serene rural silence.
The first and most important principle: a country-style garden should be a little neglected, it should not give the impression of an impeccably cleaned "remake". Try to recreate the atmosphere of "grandma's garden".
The second important point: a country garden should look very romantic, there should be a lot of flowers. Any exotics are completely inappropriate, but peonies, hydrangeas, phloxes, jasmine, lilacs, golden balls, familiar to us from childhood, are just plants for a rustic style. You can make it easier and plant plants that require little or no maintenance. For example, cultivated varieties of wild plants: some varieties of yarrow, tansy, cornflowers, chamomile, red-leaved plantain, etc.
The third and, perhaps, the most essential principle: your garden is a space for the use of imagination, you need to put your soul into it. Accessories create the atmosphere in the country garden. Of course, you can buy decorative cart wheels and a hitching post in the store (these parts are traditional for American country) or, for example, a decorative mill (to create a Dutch flavor). You can even buy poisonous motley garden gnomes, if they are dear to your heart. But it's much more interesting to do something for the garden with your own hands. In terms of country style, this is very welcome.
Old things - watering cans, buckets, troughs, wheelbarrows - can and should be breathed a second life. Plant flowers in them (by the way, this is very fashionable) or place them in the garden as a fun accessory - a sense of humor when decorating a country-style garden is a must.
Country style garden
When choosing a garden design style, it is useful to take into account your inclinations and character traits. After all, a garden is a continuation of the owner, a kind of his embodiment - in herbs, trees, flowers…. For example, if, instead of digging in the ground, you prefer to spend time next to a barbecue, on which an appetizing barbecue is prepared, or to lie in a hammock with a book in your hands, you are unlikely to find such a popular cottage style with short-cut lawns and carefully cultivated shrubs. A garden with an abundance of all kinds of exotic plants that winter badly in our climate and therefore need special attention is also not for you. Your style is a rustic garden that doesn't require as much maintenance as other gardens. There are no labor-intensive lawns requiring weekly mowing. Instead of them - a charming clover lawn, and in the shady corners - thickets of dream. In the village garden, trees and shrubs are allowed to grow as they please. The very selection of plants is determined by the degree of their unpretentiousness. Plants for a country style garden should grow on their own with minimal human maintenance.
House in the village
Let's start at home. Everyone understands that the house and the garden must match each other. If you are an adherent of the country style, then when decorating your home, use natural building materials, not vinyl siding. Wooden houses made of rounded logs or beams are good. If the house is stone, then it can be plastered: the white color of the walls resembles hut-huts. The fence and benches in the rustic garden should be wooden. A wattle fence looks very stylish, with which you can visually separate one part of the garden from another. By the way, the same wattle fence will be a good support for low climbing plants - morning glory, sweet pea, undersized clematis. Chairs and tables made of rattan look good in a rustic garden. They are very comfortable, but they are best protected from rain.
Straight paths made of concrete or sidewalk tiles are completely unsuitable for a country-style garden. Picturesque winding paths made of gravel, natural stone, wooden cuts look better here. Paths made of flat stone slabs of a natural shape look very natural, the gaps between which are sown with clover, lawn grass or ground cover plants resistant to trampling. And, of course, a village garden cannot be imagined without a well, even a decorative one.
Plants for a rustic garden
A village garden without fruit trees and berry bushes is simply unthinkable. They not only yield a harvest, but are also beautiful, especially at the time of flowering. True, they require care. Without it, large harvests of berries and fruits will have to wait a long time. Maybe all my life. However, you should not suffer much if your garden, in the absence of proper care, stubbornly does not want to give record harvests. While the trees are small, they can be "compacted" by planting flowers and even shrubs. If you are not going to dig the earth under the trees every year and apply top dressing, plant shade-tolerant plants in the tree-trunk circles that can withstand aggressive weeds - zelenchuk, tenacious, lungwort, lilies of the valley. If the old apple tree has stopped bearing fruit, do not rush to get rid of it: the tree can be twisted with a climbing plant that needs a powerful support - actinidia, maiden grapes, and if lighting conditions permit - then a climbing rose.
A vegetable garden in a country garden does not have to be sent to the backyard of the garden. It can be arranged close to home. And then you don't have to go far for every bunch of greenery. The idea of a "garden-flower bed" is very productive, where not only vegetables, but also flowers are planted. A real decoration of such a flower bed will be a few asparagus bushes, which are placed in the background or in the center of the entire composition, but they must be tied up to give the plant the shape of a "green fountain". Various types of lettuce are very decorative, carrots, beets - chard, parsley, dill, not to mention pumpkin and cucumbers. Onions look attractive slime with flat edible leaves and chives with narrow leaves "tube" and beautiful purple inflorescences. In fact, it is difficult to find a vegetable that does not have a place in a vegetable bed, unless radishes and radishes are unlikely to become its decoration. In addition, the radish ripens very soon, and its leaves suffer greatly from the leaf flea, which eats small holes in them.
Edible flowers will become a natural addition to the "garden flower bed". Daylilies use buds and flowers for food, leaves of badan and monarda are brewed in tea, marigold flowers and thyme leaves are used as a spice, calendula petals are used as a natural dye, buds and young fruit of nasturtium are pickled. Many types of bells, mallow, chrysanthemums are quite edible.
The village garden is generally distinguished by a large number of flowers and a bright color scheme. The style of such a garden is well matched by large bright flower beds with unpretentious perennials - peony, phlox, astilba, chamomile, bells, poppy seeds, rudbeckia. They are planted in groups: the taller ones are in the background, the lower ones are in front. Annuals - snapdragons, marigolds, calendula, nasturtium, ageratum, as well as pansies so beloved by everyone - have a special "rustic" charm. It is more convenient to place these flowers in a separate flower bed or plant them along the paths and near the house. "One-year-olds" look good in clay pots, wooden boxes, tubs, carts, which give the garden a special rustic flavor. And, of course, in what country garden do not grow "golden balls" - dissected rudbeckia, delphiniums, mallow and perennial asters - "Octybrinks"! These plants, due to their impressive size, are best planted near the fence, necessarily providing for the possibility of a garter of lodging stems.
From shrubs and small trees in the village garden, mountain ash, hawthorn, elderberry, bird cherry, lilac, dog rose, viburnum look great. By the way, earlier the elderberry was necessarily planted near the barn and next to the house. It was believed that its smell drives away flies, and mountain ash brought happiness to the house. This tree grew in almost every Russian front garden. The famous rowan liqueur was made from rowan berries, pies were baked with bird cherry berries, jelly and jam were cooked from them, they were treated with viburnum and wild rose berries. In general, our ancestors sought not only to admire plants, but also to derive the maximum benefit from them. It is this principle that underlies the village garden, which harmoniously combines beauty and utility.
landscape designer, journalist