Chinese cabbage - benefits and harms for healthy food lovers
Among lovers of healthy food, the topic of the benefits and harms of Chinese cabbage is very popular, which we will discuss right now, in this article. The product is really very interesting, as one of the ingredients of numerous recipes for healthy eating, and it is simply impossible to ignore it.
A little about history and care
The heroine of our article also bears the name "Chinese", since it first began to be cultivated in the Celestial Empire, and does not look like a European one in its oblong shape. From China, she migrated to many other countries around the world, where they have already managed to appreciate its taste and medicinal qualities, as well as the low calorie content of dishes with it - stews, salads, soups and even borscht. For the latter, the Peking beauty gives an even greater richness of taste. At the same time, its taste is softer and more delicate than that of cabbage, to which we are accustomed. Any part of the leaf contains a lot of nutrients. Cabbage leaves are best eaten raw as they provide the most benefits.
Being in the cruciferous family, Chinese cabbage is a relative of ours. Vegetables are also exported in very large volumes from Japan and Korea. By the way, many of us are familiar with the spicy Korean carrot. It will be interesting for you to know that it is in Korea that they also like to cook spicy crispy Chinese cabbage. It is fermented, getting one more branded national product.
Video about Chinese cabbage
Although the vegetable lives for two years, it is recommended to eat it only in the first year. It is easier to buy it than to grow it, because not every vegetable garden can boast of the necessary soil, and not every owner has specific fertilizers. Although opinions are divided here, many believe that the growth rate of the Chinese woman even compensates for the lack of fertilizer. In any case, the plant is very demanding for sunlight. By the way, the leaves of the heroine of the article turn golden when she reaches maturity, as if dyed with sunlight, and before that - flaunts with a light green hue. Another undoubted plus is that the vegetable does not require chemical treatment, since it is indifferent to pests. Environmentally friendly product!
Benefits of Chinese cabbage
An abundance of vitamins: A, B (1,2,5,6,9), C, E, PP (moreover, in a record amount even for vegetables) and K. By the way, vitamin C, if anyone did not know, is one of the main fighters for our immunity. In addition, its amount in the product itself allows it to be stored for a long time without special preservation. In winter and in the first spring months, during the period of vitamin deficiency, the Chinese miracle can become a real cure for all ailments, and give you vigor, a charge of energy for the whole day, and balance the psychological state.
A huge amount of vital minerals: phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium, selenium, chlorine, manganese, iron, sulfur, copper, zinc, iodine and fluorine. Also worth mentioning is the most useful amino acid - lysine, which is involved in a large number of metabolic processes. All this helps to get rid of pain in the head and keep the scalp healthy.
Thanks to such a low calorie content, the vegetable can be included in almost any diet.
Losing weight is a headache for many women, and even men. Know that the calorie content of our cabbage does not exceed 16 Kcal! One hundred grams of the product contains only 300 mg of fat and a little more than 1 gram of proteins and carbohydrates. 97 grams out of a hundred are the most useful substances for the body, and, of course, water. Thanks to such a low calorie content, the vegetable can be included in almost any diet that allows the body to feel light and the head clear.
The use of Peking cabbage salads is also recommended for pregnant and lactating women. However, sometimes its use by them can bring not only benefits, but also harm, although not often, and small - bloating may appear in children. Therefore, doctors advise first to try on, to see how the baby's body will react.
If you suffer from hypertension, chronic gastritis, cardiovascular diseases (including atherosclerosis), as well as duodenal or stomach ulcers, diabetes, be sure to include in the diet Chinese cabbage, the calorie content and beneficial properties of which are already widely known, and the chances of disappearance disease symptoms will increase significantly. The general strengthening of immunity is also strongly expressed.
It is enough just to use the product without complicating your treatment by preparing extracts or decoctions. The preferred form for consumption is raw, baked or boiled, in decreasing order of benefit (due to the occurrence of certain chemical reactions during cooking).
Video about the beneficial properties of Chinese cabbage
Is there any harm?
And in fact, we talked so much about the benefits of the heroine of our article, can it be that there is no harm from her at all? Alas, like any, even the most useful product, it can also bring harm. In what cases? We will list them right now:
- Gastritis and enteritis with high acidity. Since the Peking representative of cruciferous plants contains quite a lot of acidic compounds (especially from the abundance of vitamin C), using it in writing in this case can provoke exacerbations. In the presence of these diseases, as well as with pancreatitis, inflammation of the liver and biliary tract, bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract, you will need to consult a doctor. Sometimes cabbage will be allowed to eat, in small quantities, and sometimes not.
- If you suffer from an upset stomach and nausea, despite the fact that you consume a lot of cabbage, doctors advise to limit the amount somewhat, as these symptoms may indicate an excessive increase in acidity.
- People for whom flatulence and bloating are frequent problems should also not eat Chinese cabbage, since such reactions of the gastrointestinal tract can be justified by the abundance of fiber consumed.
It is recommended to eat Chinese cabbage salads also for pregnant and lactating women.
The benefits and harms of Chinese cabbage, as we can see, are associated with its calorie content and with specific elements in the composition. At first, it is worth consuming it carefully, and if no negative symptoms appear, eat as much as you want, because its useful qualities are invaluable for most people!
All about the benefits and dangers of Chinese cabbage for human health
The rich vitamin and mineral composition and delicate structure have made Peking cabbage a favorite variety of many people. The vegetable is included in the list of essential foods for proper nutrition, is used in traditional medicine and is recommended for children. Its useful and harmful features are worth considering in more detail.
- Chemical composition
- Benefits and harm to human health
- What are the beneficial and harmful properties for people of different categories and ages?
- Contraindications for use
- Comparison with white cabbage
- Medicinal and culinary uses
- Directions for use for maximum benefit
- Can I eat while losing weight?
- List of alternatives
- How to choose a Chinese vegetable in a store?
- Health recipes
- Useful video
Cabbage leaves are colored dark purple. White veins are clearly visible on the sections. Red cabbage tolerates heat well, loves sun and moisture. When grown in the shade, the leaves lose their characteristic color, the heads of cabbage are poorly formed. Withstands temperature drops up to 7 degrees Celsius.
Red cabbage harvest
The most popular varieties: Faberge, Mars MS, Rubin. Red cabbage is consumed mainly fresh, although it is suitable for heat treatment and fermentation. Most varieties keep well during the winter.
Chinese cabbage for weight loss
This product is characterized by a low energy value: 100 g of fresh leaves contains only 16 kcal, for this reason greens are included in many diets. A source of both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, Chinese cabbage helps reduce blood LDL (bad cholesterol) levels when losing weight. Petsay saturates the body with such plant antioxidants as:
- potassium thiocyanate
Petsay is very good for health promotion and weight loss. Peking cabbage contains vitamins, minerals, nutrients that have a beneficial effect on the digestive tract. Due to its low calorie content, this vegetable is an indispensable ingredient in diet salads. It saturates the body with beneficial trace elements, which include:
What are the vitamins in Chinese cabbage
Chinese salad is a source of many nutrients such as vitamins A, C, D, E and K. They contribute to normal body function and weight loss. What other vitamins in Chinese cabbage help a person maintain health:
- pantothenic acid
- folic acid
- vitamin B6
Calorie content of Chinese cabbage
Petsay is a useful slimming product due to its low energy value. A dietary vegetable contains a scanty amount of calories, so it is recommended to be included in the diet for anyone who wants to get rid of excess weight. You can find out how many calories are in Chinese cabbage from the table:
Daily Value Percentage
Garden and vegetable garden secrets and tips for growing in joint beds
In our section "garden and vegetable garden secrets and tips" on increasing the yield of fruits and vegetables in summer cottages, we will tell you about the compatibility of plants grown in the open field in the beds.
Consider how you can most efficiently use the area, combining the planting of vegetables with different ripening periods.
Our summer cottage is small, but we want to place on it not only a garden and a vegetable garden, but also leave a place for rest, garden paths with beautiful flower beds, put benches, and make a gazebo by the pond. To make it all fit in a small area, I am constantly looking for ways to make the most efficient use of the area of the site. An excellent heading for summer residents "garden and vegetable garden secrets and advice" helps me with this. Here, competently, they give advice on how to increase yields of fruits and vegetables, but also give good advice for more economical use of space.
So recently I was able to find out about the correct compatibility of plants in the garden in order to grow some of them together in the same garden.
Joint planting of vegetables consists in their different ripening rates, and play an important role in achieving high yields. A garden and a vegetable garden is such an ecosystem where both good neighbors in the beds and enemies completely incompatible with each other can grow nearby. This happens because all plants not only consume moisture and nutrients from the soil, but also release special enzymes into it, which affect neighbors in the garden either favorably or negatively.
Here I will tell you what are the positive aspects and advantages of joint cultivation of compatible types of vegetables in the garden. First of all, this makes it possible to most efficiently use plots of small size, and place plants in common plantings that have different fruit ripening times and requirements for the nutritious area. Thanks to such joint plantings, I now get vegetables from the beds throughout the summer season, and the plants always remain strong and healthy because they support and help each other in growth and development.
The secrets of a garden and a vegetable garden for growing on joint plantings make it possible to densely plant each bed with different types of plants, not maintaining the traditional interval between them, the main thing is that they are compatible and not at enmity with each other.
So these sensible secrets and tips allow me to grow carrots and cabbage in the same garden. In this case, I sow carrots in the center of the garden, and plant cabbage seedlings around the edges. By the time the cabbage ripens, the carrots have already been removed from the garden, and while the cabbage ripens, the carrots are freely poured with juice and strength, supported by enzymes secreted by the cabbage into the soil.
Following other tips for the joint cultivation of vegetables in the same garden, I plant a row of cabbage in the center, and plant the edges with beets, which also has a beneficial effect on the yield and maturation of both types of vegetables.
Thus, by planting compatible plants on the same bed, which during the growing season support themselves and their neighbors, I have the opportunity to get high yields of good quality from a small area.
Co-location of cultures
Watercress ripens first, followed by dill and spinach. After collecting these crops, other plants begin to develop very quickly. Savory can be used both fresh and dried. Therefore, it should be removed only as needed. Leftover greens can be easily cut off in the fall for drying.
Interesting results are obtained by joint cultivation on a 1 m wide ridge of radish, spinach, kohlrabi, head and leaf lettuce.
Kohlrabi (6 pieces) should be planted in 3 rows, alternately with head lettuce. Plant 2 rows of spinach between them. Sow 1 row of lettuce on the sides alternately with radishes. This arrangement promotes pest control: lettuce helps kill cruciferous flea beetles. First, the harvest of radish and spinach ripens, after which the head lettuce must be removed. The last to be removed is kohlrabi. Placing various crops according to the proposed scheme, it is possible to obtain 7.5 kg of yield from an area of 1 m 2 (see Fig.).
It is quite beneficial to grow marjoram and carrots together, which has a beneficial effect on its growth. With mixed crops, 4 rows of marjoram can be placed on a 1 m wide garden bed, and between them - rows of carrots. Such an arrangement (see fig.) Allows not only to make harvesting of carrots for the winter, but also to dry marjoram greens.
Growing parsley, broccoli and head lettuce together is equally beneficial. On a ridge 1 m wide, you first need to sow parsley in 3 rows so that 1 row is in the middle, and the other 2 rows are at a distance of 5 cm from the edge of the garden. In May, broccoli should be sown between the rows of parsley, placing the crops in 2 rows.
It is required to leave a distance of about 45 cm between the plants in the row, and 60 cm between the rows. Then thin out the slightly grown parsley and plant the seedlings of the head lettuce in the row. A distance of about 30 - 45 cm should be left between the seedlings in the row.
The joint cultivation of table beets, cabbage and lettuce is easy to organize according to the following scheme. Plant seedlings of lettuce and lettuce at a distance of 30 cm from each other. As soon as the lettuce seedlings sprout, 20-30-day beet seedlings should be planted in its aisles, leaving the distance between the plants in a row of 10-15 cm. After 30-40 days after planting, the lettuce can be removed. During this time, beet plants are able to take root and develop well.
Root crops will reach maturity in September early October, then they should be harvested.
The joint cultivation of watercress, radish, peas and Brussels sprouts can be organized according to the following scheme. Plant Brussels sprouts in the middle of the garden every 20 cm. Sow a few radish and watercress seeds between cabbage seedlings. On the sides of the bed, sow 1 row of peas at a distance of 30 cm from the central row. The first of these crops will ripen the peas, followed by the radish.Watercress is in the shade of Brussels sprouts. The crops of these crops can be harvested as needed.
Co-cultivation of watercress, radish, peas and Brussels sprouts
No less useful is the joint cultivation of carrots and broccoli, which can be organized on a ridge 1 m wide. Sow carrot seeds in 3 rows, 1 row in the center of the ridge, 2 others at a distance of 10 cm from the edge. In early May, broccoli seedlings should be planted between the rows of carrots with a distance of 50 cm between the rows, and 45 cm between the plants in a row. Harvesting of broccoli can be done during the intensive growth of carrots. Carrots are traditionally harvested at the end of September.
The joint cultivation of dill and cucumbers gives good growth of plants with an increase in their yield. The planting scheme is quite simple: the cucumber seedlings must be planted in 2 rows at a distance of 60 cm from each other.
Sow dill in 3 rows: 1 row - in the middle between cucumbers, 2 others - along the edges of the garden.
A large plot is needed to grow cabbage, tomatoes and celery together. These plants need additional fertilizers, so they must be fed with slurry. Neighborhood with tomatoes is very useful for cabbage - they protect it from the cabbage moth. In small areas, you can grow kohlrabi cabbage in such a neighborhood. If the plot is large, it is best to plant cauliflower, savoy cabbage, or broccoli.
Good results are obtained by joint cultivation of crops such as parsnips and lettuce - head or leaf. Why do you need to sow parsnip and lettuce seeds alternately in the nests of the 1st row. As soon as the salad sprouts, it should be thinned out. It is recommended to remove the parsnips after the salad as the roots develop.
Cultivating peas, cucumbers and dill together benefits cucumber seedlings because the peas protect them from the wind. Dill, on the other hand, always grows between crops much better than in simple sowing. Neighborly cultivation of these crops, covering the soil, ensures moisture retention.
The joint cultivation of garlic, strawberries and shallots is beneficial in that the phytoncides of onions and garlic always protect various crops from pests and diseases, favorably affecting their growth and development. With such a neighborhood, the garlic should be planted in 1 row between the strawberry plants, and the onion should be placed in rows between the strawberries.
Vegetable compatibility in the garden
Vegetable plants planted side by side or in joint plantings can be "good" or "bad" neighbors. In the first case, they have a beneficial effect on each other, attract bees for better pollination of "neighbors" and even protect them from pests. In the second case, vegetables are affected by common diseases and oppress each other. It is necessary to follow other rules of the "successful garden".
|Basic vegetable plants||Compatible (good neighbors)||Incompatible (bad neighbors)|
|Legumes||Beets, cabbages, carrots, marigolds, pumpkin, strawberries, corn, tomato, mustard, potatoes||Fennel, garlic, onions, peas|
|Broccoli||Beans, beans, celery, dill, mint, nasturtium, onions, oregano, potatoes, sage, rosemary||Lettuce, tomato, strawberry|
|Eggplant||Peas, tarragon, thyme|
|White cabbage||Beans, beans, tomato, garlic, beets, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, marigolds, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, sage, radishes||Strawberries, tomato, oregano, grapes|
|Brussels sprouts||Beans, beans, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, nasturtium, potatoes, sage||Strawberry|
|Cabbage||Lettuce, bush beans, peas, carrots, spinach||Cucumber, kohlrabi, turnip, spinach, rhubarb, beetroot, curly beans, tomato, zucchini, onion|
|Cauliflower||Beans, beans, celery, dill, hyssop, mint, nasturtium, potatoes, sage||Strawberry, tomato|
|Potatoes||Legumes, cabbage, lettuce, onion, celery, radish, petunia, nasturtium, marigold, corn||Apple tree, pumpkin, tomato|
|Zucchini||Beans, beans, mint, nasturtium, radish, corn, sorrel||Potatoes|
|Kohlrabi||Beets, onions||Beans, peppers, tomato|
|Bulb onions||Beets, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, tomato, potatoes, strawberries, cucumber||Legumes, turnips|
|Leek||Carrots, celery||Legumes, broccoli|
|Carrot||Legumes, sage, onions, peas, radishes, celery||Dill|
|Cucumber||Legumes, dill, broccoli, celery, cabbage, lettuce, radish, beetroot, asparagus, spinach, onion||Sage, tomato, asparagus, zucchini, rhubarb, carrot, turnip, leek|
|Pepper||Basil, carrot, lovage, marjoram, oregano, onion||Fennel, kohlrabi|
|Parsley||Carrots, asparagus, tomato|
|Rhubarb||Beans, cabbage, lettuce, spinach||Peas, turnips, potatoes, cucumbers, carrots, radishes, radishes, beets, tomatoes, onions|
|Radish||Legumes, squash, cauliflower, cucumber, peas, lettuce, pumpkin||Tomato, fennel|
|Turnip||Peas, beans, spinach, tomato, lettuce, celery||Cabbage, cucumber, potatoes, carrots, beets, radishes, rhubarb, onions|
|Celery||Legumes, cabbage, onion, tomato, cucumber||Turnip, spinach, rhubarb, beetroot, radish, radish|
|Beet||Cabbage, beans, peas,||Cucumber, potatoes, turnips, spinach, rhubarb, celery|
|Tomato||Asparagus, sage, basil, carrots, parsley, onions, beans||Dill, potatoes, peas, cucumber|
|Pumpkin||Legumes, mint, nasturtium, radish, corn||Potatoes|
|Garlic||Carrot, rose, tomato||Legumes, strawberries|
|Spinach||Eggplant, cabbage, celery, onions, peas||Asparagus, zucchini|
|Bush beans||Cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, cabbage lettuce, turnip, radish, radish, rhubarb, celery, spinach, tomato||Asparagus, curly beans, zucchini|
Planting in greenhouses
Planting in a heated winter greenhouse can be started in March, when the daylight hours are still short, which will protect the plants from shooting without additional shelter. To obtain early vitamin greens, the seeds are sown in rows, the distance between them is 17–20 cm. Cutting can be started when shoots are 12–15 cm.
In film greenhouses, Peking cabbage is grown as a sealant for cucumbers, since they have similar requirements for soil and air moisture, but you should not seal tomatoes with it.
For Chinese cabbage, irrigation by sprinkling with settled water is suitable, given that evaporation in a closed ground is slower than in an open one. Loosening is carried out as needed. Top dressing is needed every 2 weeks with an infusion of mullein, bird droppings or herbal infusion.
Peking cabbage for vitamin greens can be grown on a windowsill from late autumn to spring. To do this, you do not need to have your own garden, a packet of seeds, a couple of dozen cups, a packet of fertile soil and desire is enough, and she does not need additional lighting at all, a short winter day is enough. Tested on my own experience, it grows well both on the south and on the north, east and west windows.
In each bosom of a cabbage leaf there are root rudiments and a bud of growth, so cabbage can be grown literally from "nothing". If you plant an unpeeled cabbage stump in a pot with soil, then after a while young roots will hatch from the sinuses, and the buds will start to grow. A full-fledged head of cabbage may not work, but it will be interesting for children to watch how the plant grows and develops.
Video: growing Chinese cabbage from stalk
How to eat broccoli: is it possible to have leaves, stalk
For many, broccoli is associated only with diet and is considered tasteless, dull and a forced part of a healthy diet. It is not as popular with us as, for example, in the West.
But its useful, even medicinal properties are so unique that in our country it deserves a completely different attitude towards itself and widespread distribution.
The mere fact that scientists are working to create a cancer drug based on substances contained in broccoli is worth a lot. But besides this, there is still a lot of useful things, with almost complete absence of contraindications, hidden in these lilac-green inflorescences.
It is very similar to its relative, white cabbage, but as the name implies, it has a wonderful red-purple color. It contains more vitamins than regular cabbage. Vitamin C is twice, and carotene is 4 times more. It also contains more minerals, sugars, protein and iodine.
The content of the article
- Different types of cabbage
- Red cabbage
- Savoy cabbage
- Brussels sprouts
- Chinese cabbage
- Chinese cabbage
- Kale cabbage
- Video about different types of cabbage
You can pick the leaves for a salad in June, without waiting for the full ripeness of the head of cabbage.
And although many people are more familiar with such cabbage in salads, fresh, it is good both stewed and pickled.
Red cabbage can be early, medium and late.
I think this is a popular crop among gardeners. This is a wonderful dietary product. It is good both as an independent dish and in an assortment with other vegetables will be very useful.
She has her own whims when growing. Cauliflower loves fertile soils and the heads need to be covered with leaves from the sun to keep them snow-white. Contains in its composition protein, mineral salts of potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, vitamins C, PP and group B.
Its inflorescence heads are green in color, but otherwise looks like cauliflower. This cabbage is the richest in its composition of proteins and vitamins, in medicinal and dietary properties. It contains a lot of vitamin C, methionine - it increases radiation resistance and increases efficiency.
Amino acids contain anti-sclerotic substances that prevent aging of the body. This cabbage delicacy is easy to grow. It is unpretentious, withstands frosts down to -7 ° C, the heads do not need to be shaded and does not require special fertility. Loves watering when the heads grow.
This vegetable is just a storehouse of usefulness, easy to care for and prepare. Can be boiled, fried, pickled. The conclusion is simple - it is imperative to plant!
This is an extraordinarily beautiful cabbage. Its leaves are curly and as if in air bubbles. Compared to white cabbage, the composition is much richer. A lot of protein, mineral salts, vitamin C carotene, sugars. The taste and structure of the leaves is softer than that of regular cabbage.
Perfect for dietetic food. Good in salads, and great for cabbage rolls. Her leaves are easily disassembled, it is worth pouring boiling water over the head of cabbage. It is grown in the same way as white cabbage, while it is resistant to drought and pests do not like it.
This interesting cabbage forms a stem crop. Such is a tremendous sweet stump, tastes softer than turnips and radishes. It goes well with salads. This type is especially recommended for diabetics, it contains more vitamin C than lemon, a lot of potassium and calcium, fructose and glucose. The main thing is to cut off the heads in time and not allow the fibers to become coarse.
It is very unpretentious in cultivation. You can sow in open ground - it ripens in 2-2.5 months. Can be stored for a long time in suitable conditions.
The rarest cabbage in our gardens. She has small heads of cabbage, no more than 4-5 cm. And the growing period is extended until October, when sown in April. But despite such shortcomings, she has great advantages.
Much more than in white cabbage, it contains vitamins and amino acids, especially a lot of phosphorus. It contains mustard oils, like a radish. This explains the spicy, nutty taste of Brussels sprouts, which is not at all like cabbage. Boiled heads of cabbage are a real delicacy.
In appearance and composition, it is similar to cabbage and salad at the same time. She has loose, elongated heads of cabbage with delicate, juicy leaves. It is eaten mainly in salads, fresh. She ripens quickly, in two months. It is better to sow early in April-May, so that it does not go into the arrow. Can be grown through seedlings and sown directly into the ground.
This is an unusual collard greens. She has no head of cabbage. Contains many vitamins and minerals, in composition it is close to white cabbage. Contains lysine, an essential amino acid that detoxifies the body and boosts immunity. It is considered a source of longevity.
Beautiful collard greens, can be grown as ornamental and edible. Surprisingly healthy cabbage, just a pantry of various vitamins and minerals, undeservedly forgotten by Russian gardeners.
Video about different types of cabbage
Look how many different varieties of beautiful and healthy cabbage. And many, in the old fashioned way, continue to grow only white cabbage. To correct this misunderstanding, I will tell you more about all these types of cabbage with photos and descriptions in new articles. Do not miss!
The homeland of cabbage is the countries of the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of Europe and Asia. The word "cabbage" comes from the ancient Celtic "cap" - head.
The ancient Roman historian Mark Cato in his writings "On Agriculture" called cabbage the first of all vegetables. In his opinion, cabbage combines the qualities "most conducive to health." Cato was convinced that it was thanks to cabbage that the Romans did without medicine for centuries.
The mathematician Pythagoras mentioned in his sayings that cabbage is capable of maintaining a cheerful, calm and cheerful mood in a person. In Ancient Russia, skits days were specially highlighted in the peasant calendar.
Experimental and clinical data
In cabbage, you can find a wide range of substances valuable to the body that determine its healing and nutritional properties. It contains a rich set of vitamins - B1, B2, B6, C, PP, K, U, pantothenic and folic acids, provitamin A, minerals (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, iron salts), fiber, sugars, enzymes, organic acids, phytoncides.
Cabbage is also rich in vitamin C, and most importantly, this vitamin is preserved during long-term storage both fresh and sauerkraut. Due to the presence of ascorbic acid, cabbage helps to eliminate cholesterol from the body and prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
Scientists have discovered tartronic acid in cabbage, which normalizes fat metabolism in the human body. It can rightfully be called a youth-preserving product! Cabbage contains few carbohydrates, so it is suitable for people with diabetes. Mineral potassium salts help to remove excess fluid from the body - cabbage has a high content of this mineral. In addition, potassium improves heart function.
Useful properties of cabbage and indications for use
Avicenna also wrote that the ash of cabbage stalks dries and has analgesic properties. This is how he described in his writings the healing properties of cabbage: “Cabbage promotes healing and prevents the spread of malignant ulcers. Apply well with egg white on burns. A decoction of cabbage leaves and seeds is used for shaking. And with gout, cabbage, together with the pooper, is applied to the joints. A decoction of cabbage and cabbage seeds slows down drunkenness and helps with dandruff. Cabbage drives urine and menstruation. "
Cabbage has long been used to treat many diseases.
Cabbage leaf juice with honey is used for:
- liver diseases,
- gastritis and stomach ulcers.
Scientific medicine in Sweden officially uses cabbage seed decoction for gout and polyarthritis.
The Romans attributed to cabbage the ability to treat insomnia, soothe headaches, and cure deafness. It was used to treat bowel disorders and constipation.A lightly boiled vegetable was used to loosen up, and cabbage, boiled for a long time, was used to fix. And in Russian folk healers there are many recipes for treating epilepsy with cabbage and removing warts with raw cabbage juice. Also, cabbage is very helpful for the stomach in the digestion of food.
Fresh cabbage and its juice are useful for:
- respiratory tract diseases,
- diseases of the spleen and liver,
- with insomnia,
- eczema, scrofula.
The antiscorbutic effect of fresh cabbage juice has also been proven.
Sauerkraut is very beneficial for teeth and gums. Cabbage, both fresh and sauerkraut, has vitamin properties and helps to improve the secretory activity of the glands of the digestive tract.
The most interesting thing is that cabbage can be consumed in any quantity, but nutritionists still recommend eating cabbage in the late afternoon, as it enhances intestinal motility due to its high fiber content.
Sauerkraut is strongly advised to be consumed as a dietary product for cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases.
Sauerkraut juice is used as a laxative: it is recommended to drink 1-2 glasses on an empty stomach.
In folk medicine, fresh and sauerkraut is used for diseases of the liver, stomach, kidneys, as well as for gout.
How to store cabbage properly
- Choose firmer, denser cabbages for storage.
- Then remove the dirty leaves and cut off the excess stalk.
- If you washed the cabbage before, then give it time to dry.
- Then take plastic wrap and wrap the cabbage tightly in several layers. When wrapping cabbage, be sure to try not to leave air between the layers of films, for this, smooth the film to the sides of the cabbage with your hand, and also try to cover all the sides of the cabbage with it.
- Then place the cabbage, wrapped in cling film, in the refrigerator.
The film serves as a moisture-proof barrier that protects the delicate inner leaves of cabbage from drying out. But moisture can accumulate in the film over time, so the film will need to be changed periodically.
Keep in mind that for longer storage, late varieties of cabbage, which ripen in late autumn, and are harvested before the first frost on the soil, are more suitable.
Cabbage against cancer cells
Not so long ago, scientists made a discovery, thanks to which broccoli became known as a fighter against cancer.
It was found that this cabbage contains substances that activate the immune system to fight cancer cells, stop their growth and even destroy them.
One of them is called "sulforaphane" - an organic substance that has strong anti-cancer and antibacterial effects.
True, broccoli contains only glucoraphanin, which is converted to sulforaphane by enzymes when chewed. So the popular saying “The longer you chew, the longer you live” in the case of broccoli is absolutely true.
Most of this substance is found in the seeds and stems of the plant.
Broccoli against other diseases
It effectively fights even antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Therefore, broccoli dishes are useful for stomach ulcers, gastritis, inflammatory diseases, and dysbiosis.
- Thanks to its fiber and dietary fiber, it helps with constipation.
It helps the body to remove harmful substances: from toxins to heavy metal salts. Improves digestion by stimulating the secretion of bile, normalizing the work of the pancreas.
- Broccoli is good for diabetes.
The chromium contained in it regulates the level of sugar in the blood, normalizes the production of insulin.
- Broccoli fights excess cholesterol and prevents its accumulation in the body.
Beneficial for cardiovascular health.
- The substances contained in broccoli have a beneficial effect on the condition of the eyes, in particular, the retina and lens.
This cabbage should be included in the diet for the treatment of cataracts.
- Broccoli increases the body's defenses.
Therefore, it is necessary in the diet of the weakened after illness and the elderly, pregnant women, children.
A dietary vegetable to help you lose weight
Broccoli is a staple of many weight loss diets. And this is not surprising.
- Low calorie content in the absence of fats and starch, the presence of fiber (improving digestion and metabolism), a lot of protein are the characteristics of an ideal dietary product.
- Broccoli contains a lot of vitamins and micro- and macronutrients, especially necessary with a limited diet.
- Due to its composition, it has an anti-cellulite effect, and is also useful for hair, nails and skin, which are usually not affected by diets in the best way.
Broccoli for women and their health
This is a product that women need not only to maintain their beauty and normal weight.
It is also very useful for expectant mothers and their babies.
- The protein found in broccoli is a building block for muscles, and it is vital for a growing man.
And pregnant women often cannot eat meat or fish due to changed taste preferences. Many do not even tolerate their smell.
- This cabbage helps maintain salt balance, and it is very important for pregnant women with their frequent edema.
- Constipation is a common problem for pregnant women.
Broccoli will help to cope with this delicate problem.
- A portion of this cabbage can almost completely meet the daily requirement of a pregnant woman in ascorbic acid, which means strengthen her immunity, help her resist colds.
- Folic acid, iron and other substances are essential for the normal development of the baby.
And although pregnant women usually take vitamin and mineral complexes, those vitamins and minerals that enter the body with food, for example, from broccoli, are better absorbed.
When the baby is born and grows up a little, mothers will be able to appreciate this vegetable again.
- Broccoli is ideal for introducing complementary foods.
It is hypoallergenic, so it is suitable for most children trying adult food for the first time.
- And in baby food, the vegetable is also valued for vitamins, micro- and macroelements that contribute to the growth and health of children.
- Today's children are increasingly experiencing the problem of being overweight. Broccoli is great for these kids.
Application in cosmetology
Only in this area is not so much the plant itself appreciated as the oil from its seeds.
Obtained by cold pressing, it retains all the beneficial properties of the vegetable.
It cannot be ingested - it is toxic due to the erucic acid it contains.
But it contains a lot of vitamins (A, B, C, PP, E, K), it contains fatty acids, iron, magnesium, zinc, sodium, phosphorus, chlorophyll, potassium, calcium and other useful substances.
- It moisturizes and nourishes hair, leaving it shiny, silky and smooth. Helps to repair damaged and split ends.
- Broccoli oil is used for all skin types. It restores its protective functions, softens, nourishes, relieves irritation.
The easiest way to take advantage of the healing properties of broccoli seed oil is to add a few drops to your hair and skin care products.
Contraindications and harm: it is possible, if careful
It would seem a vegetable that is pleasant in all respects. Healthy, dietary, and affordable. But, unfortunately, he also has contraindications. Fortunately, they can rather be called restrictions.
- Nursing mothers should be careful to include this cabbage in their diet, especially in the first months of feeding.
Despite the fact that broccoli is a good source of vitamins necessary for mother and child, it can cause harm - cause gas formation in the baby, although to a lesser extent than its relative, white cabbage.
- Broccoli contains purine bases - adenine and guanine, although less than, for example, cauliflower.
But when boiled, they are concentrated in the broth. Therefore, broccoli soup is not the healthiest dish, and for gout, kidney stones, pregnancy and childhood it can be eaten in small quantities. Moreover, you can cook more healthy and tasty dishes from it.
- Increased acidity of the stomach and problems with the pancreas are also a reason to limit the use of this type of cabbage.
We choose, store, prepare correctly
Broccoli is a vivid illustration of the thesis "Food is the best medicine." To get the effect of a natural medicine, you just need to eat it. The most important thing is to choose it correctly, save it and prepare it.
Owners of broccoli beds have no problem choosing a quality vegetable.
It is enough to choose not overripe cabbage, without yellowed leaves, with unopened inflorescences.
In the store, in order to choose really good cabbage with the maximum amount of nutrients, you need to be very careful.
- The normal color of broccoli is lilac green, gray.
Open buds, yellow leaves are a sign that it is better to leave this cabbage on the shelf.
- Naturally, the absence of mold, rot, black or brown spots is a prerequisite.
- Not only the appearance speaks about the quality of broccoli: it must be strong, dense, firm.
But if you are unlucky, and a withered cabbage comes across, it can be reanimated. To do this, you need to cut the stump and put it in fresh, clean water. After a few hours, the head of cabbage will become firm and firm again.
- The fresh smell also speaks in favor of the selected instance. No smell of mustiness, mold and rot.
Storage rules: it is better to freeze
The maximum amount of nutrients is in fresh, even freshly cut broccoli. But this ideal option is not available to everyone and not always. Therefore, it is important to preserve it with minimal losses.
- If you need to keep it for no more than 12 hours, then it is enough to put it in a jar or vase with clean cold water.
"Bouquet" will wait for preparation without prejudice to its useful properties.
- If a longer storage is expected, then the best place for this is the vegetable shelf of the refrigerator.
The unwashed vegetable should be placed in a loosely closed container or bag (paper or plastic). So broccoli can be stored for about three days, maximum - five to seven.
- If broccoli is frozen, it will retain its beneficial properties for up to 12 months.
Before freezing, it must be disassembled into inflorescences and rinsed thoroughly.
To get rid of possible small insect pests, inflorescences are soaked for an hour or two in cool salted water (a tablespoon of salt per liter of water).
They are then washed, blanched for about three minutes, and chilled quickly in very cold water.
Arrange the dried cabbage in packages and send to the freezer to wait in the wings.
It is not difficult to prepare broccoli so that it retains its medicinal properties. It is boiled, stewed, fried, baked.
But the maximum useful properties are in fresh broccoli or steamed according to simple but important rules.
- Before use, fresh cabbage must be very thoroughly rinsed under running water, and then soaked in water or saline solution.
Harmful substances and possible insects will remain in the water.
- Broccoli leaves contain more vitamins than inflorescences.
Therefore, if they are not yellowed, you do not need to cut them off.
- It is better not to season salads with broccoli with lemon juice: it changes its color to an unpleasant gray.
- Steam cooking should take 3 minutes. 10 minutes is the maximum.
So the cabbage will lose a minimum of useful vitamins. And the very anti-cancer substances for which broccoli is especially valued are destroyed by heat treatment.
- Quick and easy microwave cooking is not like steaming.
The microwave oven deprives cabbage of the benefits for which it is cooked.
Healthy recipes with benefits for the body
Thanks to broccoli and eggs, they have a very high protein content - a building material for muscles, thanks to cheese - calcium, which is necessary for bones, teeth, cardiovascular system, and thanks to broccoli and green onions - vitamins.
- So, beat 6 eggs with a whisk or blender.
- Steam one or two broccoli heads (in a double boiler or multicooker).
- Grate 100 g of hard cheese.
- Chop a bunch of green onions.
Mix everything (but not with a blender, but with an ordinary spoon), add a little salt, pour into cake tins and bake for 10-15 minutes.
- Casserole with cottage cheese and broccoli is also a healthy dietary dish, which is high in protein, calcium and vitamins.
For it, you need to mix 200-250 g of cottage cheese, 100-200 g of broccoli, 2-3 eggs, a little greens.
Disassemble the broccoli into small inflorescences and mix everything.
Cook in a double boiler or sprinkle with grated cheese and bake in the oven until tender.
- Any salad (naturally, without mayonnaise, smoked meats and pickles), to which the "secret ingredient" has been added, can prevent viral diseases and even cancer. The name of this ingredient is broccoli sprouts.
The fact is that the very sulforaphane, to which broccoli owes its fame as a fighter against cancer, is concentrated in the seed of the plant. Interestingly, as the cabbage grows, it does not grow anymore. That is, its amount is the same in a small sprout and in an adult vegetable.
Therefore, for the prevention of cancer, you can eat broccoli sprouts. Moreover, getting them is not at all difficult. Seeds need to be wrapped in damp gauze and wait a few days until they germinate. Like wheat, oat, and soy sprouts, they can be added to salads or other dishes.
Broccoli is not a vegetable that can be eaten through strength just for the sake of its benefits.
When properly prepared, dishes made from it are not only extremely useful, easily digestible, but also very tasty.
If you cook them correctly, they will retain the maximum benefit, will become a valuable source of vitamins, micro- and macroelements, and other substances that we need so much. And if broccoli dishes are included in the diet from childhood, then they will become familiar and will take their rightful place in the diet of people who want to eat not only tasty, but also healthy.
Eaten large quantities of fresh cabbage can negatively affect your well-being. Usually a glutton gets off with gas, belly bubbling, bloating and heavy winds. Sometimes this is accompanied by intestinal discomfort.
For dogs suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and thyroid gland, cabbage should be given on the advice of a doctor, dosed, after appropriate treatment. The owner must remember that even in small quantities, the plant contains a natural component called thiocyanate, which in large doses suppresses the thyroid gland and leads to hypothyroidism.
If the dog cannot imagine life without tasty food and wants to eat it often and a lot, then it is better to boil the vegetable before use in order to neutralize the unwanted substance.
The reasons why it is impossible
Cases of individual intolerance to white cabbage by dogs are quite rare. Small species are characterized by heavy digestion of plant foods and difficult gas separation. In this case, the cabbage should be steamed, stewed, boiled and served in small portions.
Attention to the diet of the animal is required for certain forms of diseases and allergies. Usually such pets are under medical supervision and strict dietary control.
ATTENTION! Add new foods gradually, observing the dog's reaction.
What to do if the pet is overeating and feels bad?
In the case of overeating, and such cases are unique and isolated, some symptoms may occur:
- Difficulty digestion caused by excessive food intake
- Excessive flatulence, accompanied by bloating and pain in the intestines
- The animal is inactive, lies for a long time, stretches unnaturally, whines
- Does not allow you to examine yourself due to pain in the peritoneal region.
The owner should consult a veterinarian, not self-medicate and not give any drugs, blurring the overall picture of the condition. At the reception, describe in detail the behavior of the dog from the moment of the onset of the malaise, trying to indicate as accurately as possible the time and reason for the deterioration in well-being.
Puppies, pregnant or lactating
Feeding mommy before and after childbirth completely depends on her appetite, her condition and food preferences. Usually it is milk porridge and meat puree with vegetables.
Boiled or stewed cabbage with meat is an important component for the presence of calcium, vitamin C and other essential elements. You can forget about raw vegetables, because babies get absolutely everything that their mother eats, and excess gas formation is extremely undesirable for her neither "before" or "after."
Attention! It is important to accustom animals to natural feeding in a timely manner. After acquaintance with milk, cereals and meat dressing, a vegetable soup appears in the children's menu, to which a pinch of finely chopped raw cabbage with boiled cereals and finely chopped steamed meat is added.
- vegetable soups
- porridge with vegetable broth with meat and cabbage
- separately cooked meat with vegetables.
Chop or rub finely all vegetable food, add a little oil or sour cream.
An irreplaceable vitamin supplement in the form of a mixture is also served as an independent dish. When the puppies grow up and get stronger, the diet includes a salad of fresh vegetables with vegetable oil.
Raw, boiled, stewed or sauerkraut?
Precisely because the dog is not able to completely digest cabbage, this product, as the main source of fiber, is involved in the formation of feces, intestinal motility and the maintenance of a favorable microflora. Question: in what form to give?
It makes no difference how the vegetables are offered - finely chopped or mashed. The main thing is to focus on health features, veterinarian advice, watchdog preferences, the state of the digestive system and teeth.
For better assimilation of vitamins, the product is crushed or ground. Can be boiled or boiled by adding other ingredients.
- grind in a blender
- cut in small pieces
- cut into cubes or cubes
The dog happily devours the diced vegetables, chopping them independently to a size that is convenient for him.
Chewing raw cabbage helps prevent plaque formation and freshens breath.
This form of feeding is not suitable for puppies and adult pets, transferred to natural nutrition from dry food. Children are not able to chew food, and an animal that is not used to innovations chooses meat, leaving pieces of vegetables intact.
Vegetables can be given raw, boiled, or baked. Many of them contain beta-carotene, which is absorbed only in a poached form with a small amount of animal fat, sour cream or kefir. These include: carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, eggplants, turnips, and beets.
TIP: Does the dog eat fresh cabbage with pleasure and without consequences? To preserve the valuable properties, there is no need to subject the product to heat treatment.
If desired and possible, you can pamper the animal with a delicious vegetable casserole:
Ingredients vary according to pet's preference:
- a tomato
- a raw egg
- sour cream, kefir
- vegetable oil.
- Grease the form with vegetable oil
- Peel vegetables
- Cut food into cubes
- Add the egg and sour cream, then mix everything
- Sprinkle with grated cheese on top and stir again
- Pour kefir into this mass and mix
- Put in a preheated oven at 190 C for 15-20 minutes.
You can also give your dog a vegetable stew with cabbage. When preparing such dishes, you need to take into account the taste preferences of the animal. There are dogs who do not eat this green product at all, others love its stew. If the animal shows a negative attitude towards an unfamiliar thing, then it is better to create a joint combination with meat.
Getting used to new food - mix vegetables into minced meat, bringing it from a minimum to a norm. With a categorical rejection of plants, bran can become an alternative.
It is important 2-3 times a week to give a few tablespoons of sauerkraut, rich in ascorbic acid.
ATTENTION! The dog should never eat any fried food!