The best varieties of sweet raspberries for the Urals and Siberia
Raspberries do not need special and complex care, as they are too susceptible to cold and temperature changes. Before growing a vitamin culture, it is necessary to carefully study the varieties that grow well in the given climatic conditions and the quality of the soils of the region.
Raspberry varieties for the Urals and Siberia must have a high ability to survive in frosty years, have time to quickly yield high-quality berries, and be resistant to diseases and pests.
Features of growing remontant raspberries in the Urals
In the Urals, ordinary raspberry varieties freeze out under the influence of frost, which becomes the reason for the unprofitability of this crop. Therefore, it is necessary to make a choice in favor of winter-hardy and remontant options.
Reparability is the ability for continuous fruiting, such varieties, immediately after the return of the main harvest, again throw out inflorescences, bloom and bear fruit.
Shoots of remontant raspberries are resistant to drooping, do not need to be tied to trellises and supports. It is enough to mow the shoots in the fall, and then remove them from the site in order to prevent the development of diseases and the wintering of pests on the stems.
But if, after cutting, leave hemp, and plantings of ordinary raspberries are located nearby, such pruning will not guarantee against damage by pests and fungi. Therefore, when caring for remontant raspberries, you do not need to spend money on chemical treatments, but only take time for correct, simple agricultural technology. And in the summer, such varieties will give an environmentally friendly harvest.
Raspberry varieties for the Urals must have high yields and be adapted to unfavorable growing conditions. After all, the yield and taste of fruits depend on favorable wintering conditions and weather during the growing season. The yield is reduced by abundant rains during this period, which lead to inhibition of shoot growth, as well as severe frosts in November in the absence of snow cover, which leads to freezing of branches.
When growing remontant raspberries, the problem of freezing and winter drying of shoots is solved. The root system of such varieties is also very frost-resistant, so in the spring it will give new, strong shoots.
Repaired raspberries have different ripening periods, therefore, when buying seedlings, the climatic zone is taken into account. Adapted varieties are offered by nurseries located in your area. It is optimal to opt for several options in order to make sure of their quality in practice.
The best varieties of the Ural raspberries
For the Urals, early varieties of raspberries with high winter hardiness are suitable: High and Zorenka Altai. They are slightly less resistant to frost: Rubinova's seedling, Kirzhach, Novost Kuzmina, Kolokolchik, Kichinovskaya. The best remontant variety of raspberries for the Urals is Zorenka Altai.
Judging by the taste, the most juicy and delicious berries near Kolokolchik, Zorenka Altai, Lyubitelskaya Sverdlovskaya and Novosti Kuzmin.
The most susceptible to the influence of the raspberry beetle are the early ripening options: Novost Kuzmina and Lyubitelskaya Sverdlovskaya, and least of all - Zorenka Altai.
Of the mid-season varieties, there are more affected berries in Vysokaya, Kolokolchik and Kichinovskaya. Tourmaline is the most resistant to damage.
Amateur Sverdlovsk. Berries are deep ruby color, juicy, with a pronounced raspberry smell. Gardeners appreciated not only the quick and more friendly ripening of berries, but also the resistance of the shoots to the harsh climate. Bushes of medium size, wide, spreading. On the shoots, a waxy coating is observed, the thorns are soft and almost do not interfere with harvesting. Fungal diseases affect the bushes quite a bit, and with timely preventive treatment, you can forget about them.
Lel. The berries are red, dense, large, with a pleasant smell. They stay on the bush for a long time and do not crumble, they also lend themselves to transportation. The bush is high, semi-spreading. Raspberries are almost not exposed to diseases and pests.
Zorenka Altai. Showed high winter hardiness, amicable return of tasty fruits, large-fruited and endurance to temperature extremes. The berries are scarlet, round, with a pleasant taste, and can be transported. Bushes always delight with abundant harvests, ripening of berries is amicable and simultaneous.
The berries hang on the shoots for a long time, are not susceptible to gray rot, do not overripe and do not crumble, are slightly affected by the raspberry beetle.
Delicious fresh, as well as compote and preserves. Bushes grow tall and sprawling, shoots are covered with numerous thorns.
Velvet. Does not lend itself to low temperatures. The yield is high and stable. The berries are red, juicy, sweet, easy to transport. They can hang on bushes for a long time and not be affected by gray rot. Bushes grow medium, semi-sprawling. The shoots are densely covered with soft thorns, so they seem soft and velvety.
High. Resistant to low temperatures, adapted to temperature extremes. Every year raspberries give stable yields of tasty berries, rich "raspberry" color, pleasant to the taste, spherical, dense, well transported.
Consumed fresh, canned and frozen. If the flowering has fallen under spring frosts, then the variety is able to restore the harvest due to flowering on additional inflorescences. The bush is high, slightly spreading. Straight shoots end with weakly drooping tops. Average number of thorns on shootsbut they are tough and long. Disease resistant.
Tourmaline - refers to large-fruited varieties. If you work hard to bend the shoots for the winter, then it will winter well. Very large pink-red berries, tasty, dense, easy to transport. After the harvest ripens, the berries stay on the bush for a long time and do not fall off.
They ripen at a later date, which prolongs the raspberry season. Shoots do not grow tall, plastic, without thorns. It manages to grow well on a trellis, because bushes can break under the weight of the fruit. Sometimes the variety freezes over, but quickly grows due to fruit branches in the upper part of the shoot. Resistant to pests, slightly affected by purple spot.
The best raspberry varieties for Siberia
Breeders apply all their skills and knowledge to promote raspberry varieties further North, and to meet the needs of gardeners for a tasty and juicy summer berry. The varieties must be of good taste, and must not freeze and withstand periods of drought.
- Early sweet - ripens quickly, has increased resistance to Siberian frosts;
- Siberian light - the fruits are tasty, delight with high taste;
- Barnaulskaya - won the respect of gardeners in Siberia and the Urals for high frost resistance;
- Reward - will delight you with juicy and fragrant fruits, the variety can withstand low temperatures and does not freeze;
- Gift of Siberia - withstands severe frosts without freezing, resistant to damage by pests and diseases.
Vera. Gardeners argue that there is simply no better raspberry variety for Siberia. It has an average yield - about 5 kg per bush, but the bush itself is low, semi-spreading. Harvesting takes place in 2-3 harvests, the first harvest is the most massive. Drought does not affect the quality of the harvest, but when watering, the taste of the berries improves, they become more juicy with a pleasant sourness.
Shoots are very well leafy, have an average ability to shoot. Resistant to pest infestation.
Early sweet. A variety of folk selection. The berries are red, small, short-conical. The fruits will delight you with a pleasant taste and aroma, but cannot be transported. The bushes are tall, they give little overgrowth. Annual shoots are thorny, covered with a waxy bloom. The thorns are short, thin, purple. Does not freeze.
Shiny. Berries with a raspberry color, not very large, fragrant, with a sweet and sour taste, do not ripen at the same time, harvest in 5-6 times. The fruits hang on the bushes for a long time and do not crumble. Can be eaten fresh, but also suitable for processing and freezing. The shoots are flexible, the tops are inclined downward, so it is better to grow on a trellis. Biennial shoots become brown, slightly spiny. Bushes are winter-hardy, resistant to diseases and pests.
For health. Berries are medium to large in size with a carmine color. The pulp has a dessert taste, dense and juicy. The bushes are medium-sized, spreading, few shoots are formed. Annual shoots are purple and covered with thorns. It needs watering; in dry weather, the yield decreases sharply. Raspberries are resistant to spider mites and purple spotting.
Gift of Siberia. Very interesting berries - a delicate creamy shade, pleasant to the taste, stay on the bush for a long time, dense and aromatic. Harvesting is possible not at one time, fruiting is stretched. Bushes grow tall and vigorous. The shoots growing in the first year of the growing season are green, the next year they turn brownish. Born to grow in harsh conditions, does not freeze.
It is extremely important to choose the right raspberry variety for the site. Before buying, you need to decide what characteristics it should have, the taste of the fruit and the possible purpose of the harvest. The most profitable and frost-resistant are the remontant varieties that are grown in a one-year culture. Such varieties will delight you with harvests, unpretentiousness and delicious berries.
Description and characteristics of the 50 best raspberry varieties for Siberia
To get a rich harvest of sweet raspberries in Siberia, it is necessary to correctly choose the best varieties for the region, which give the largest fruits and easily tolerate the harsh climatic conditions. There are many varieties that will satisfy even the most discerning gardener. In addition, breeders continue to work on new crops with increased yields and frost resistance.
- 1 Criteria for the selection of varieties
- 2 The best varieties of raspberries for Siberia and the Urals
- 2.1 Varieties by maturity
- 2.2 Repaired varieties
- 2.3 Large-fruited crops
- 2.4 Sweet varieties
- 2.5 Varieties of new selection
- 3 The specifics of growing raspberry bushes
- 3.1 Schemes and boarding times
- 4 Further care
- 4.1 Transfer
- 4.2 Berry ripening terms
Description of the best varieties of raspberries for the Urals
The harsh climate of the Urals imposes strict requirements on the characteristics of the grown raspberries. The variety selected must be:
- early or mid-season
- have strong, powerful shoots that can withstand gusts of wind
- with the root system below the surface layer
- resistant to diseases and pests.
These qualities are inherent in remontant varieties of raspberries, which bear fruit for a long time before the onset of the first frost. As a rule, they are picky to care for, high-yielding, easily tolerate frost and drought.
Repaired raspberry variety with very large berries. It has become widespread in cold regions, due to its unpretentious care and the ability to bear fruit even in low frosts down to -5 ° C. Fruiting is long, extended, from the second half of August to the first frost. In the northern regions, 70-90% of the harvest has time to ripen.
The berries are large (up to 4 cm in length), in the form of an elongated cone with a spindle-shaped arrangement of the drupe, dessert-like, sweet with an unobtrusive sourness. Ripe berries hang on the stalk for up to 5 days without dropping.
The advantages of the Bryansk diva are:
- good frost resistance - down to –20 ° C
- high yield - 3.5-4 kg per bush
- excellent taste
- long-term fruiting
- good transportability (it is recommended to grow commercially)
- standard disease and pest resistance.
The disadvantages of the variety are difficulties in harvesting due to the large number of thorns. And also the weakening of the resistance of shoots to fungal diseases after the last harvest. In dry weather, the berries become smaller without sufficient watering.
An early ripe remontant standard raspberry variety attracts gardeners with its ability to bear fruit abundantly in different climatic conditions. The first crop appears in early August and fully ripens by mid-September, which is especially valuable for cold regions.
Large cone-shaped berries of dark raspberry color, weighing 3.5-4.5 g, with a weak aroma, sweet taste, with a distinctly sourness. After ripening, they do not crumble, without spoiling, within 5-7 days.
The positive features of Eurasia are as follows:
- high yield - up to 2.6 kg per bush
- large dense berries are well stored and transported
- rapid ripening of the entire crop
- drought tolerance
- excellent decorative view of the bushes
- the density of the berry allows for machine harvesting.
The disadvantages of the variety are considered to be a small sugar content of the fruit with an obsessive sourness, an average resistance to diseases and pests.
The repairing raspberry variety stands out for its berry color and abundant systematic fruiting. The first crop can already be harvested in mid-summer, the second - from mid-August to the first frost. During the season, it manages to ripen up to 70% of the crop.
Velvety yellow berries in the shape of an elongated cone reach 4 cm in length, have a subtle raspberry aroma, sweet taste. The average weight of fruits is 5-6 g, but it can reach 10-12 g.
The undeniable advantages of the Orange Miracle are:
- high yield - 2.5-3 g per bush
- profuse maturation
- large and sweet fruits
- frost resistance
- unpretentious care
- resistance to diseases and pests.
- susceptibility to heat
- dependence of the taste of fruits on the weather and watering
- the thorns on the shoots make harvesting difficult.
An early ripe remontant standard variety stands out for its high productivity and immunity to pests and diseases. Fruiting from late spring to early August, which is suitable for regions with cold climates. The flavor of the berries varies from sweet and sour to sweet and sour depending on weather conditions and soil.
- high yield - up to 6 kg per bush
- large berries
- lack of thorns, which makes harvesting easier
- pleasant aesthetic appearance of the bush
- resistance to diseases and pests
- good transportability.
The disadvantages include the dependence of the taste of berries on the place and growing conditions, poor frost resistance (pruning the bush at the root helps).
This medium late traditional variety was developed for cold climates. Zorenka Altai bears fruit in early July. Berries of a rich dark raspberry color, weighing 2.8-3.2 g, have a dessert taste with rich sweetness, for which the variety received a tasting rating of 4.5 points out of 5.
The positive characteristics of Zorenka Altai include:
- high frost resistance
- good yield - up to 3 kg per bush
- large sweet berries
- good transportability
- low crumbling of berries when ripe.
The weak points of the variety are considered a predisposition to damage by a raspberry beetle and purple spot. In addition, the multiple thorns make it difficult to pick the fruit.
A repairing medium-sized variety with sprawling branching bushes.The first ripening of the crop occurs at the beginning of August and lasts until the first frost. Before the onset of frost, 90% of the harvest has time to ripen. Shoots with a height of 1.2-1.6 m sag under the weight of the fruit, therefore, they require a garter to the trellis.
Ruby-colored berries with a weak pleasant aroma weigh 4-4.5 g. The surface of the fruit is smooth, shiny, hence the name of the variety. The taste of juicy pulp is sweet, with a slight sourness, estimated at 4.3 points.
Advantages of Diamond Raspberry:
- attractive presentation of berries
- excellent taste characteristics
- long-term fruiting
- yield - 2.5-4 kg per bush
- resistance to temporary high temperatures and drought
- good transportability.
The disadvantages of the variety are:
- decrease in yield when there is a lack of sunlight
- the need to tie up fruiting shoots
- a small number of root suckers, which makes reproduction difficult.
An early maturing remontant variety with high frost resistance is especially popular in the northern regions. Abundant fruiting begins in early August and lasts until the first frost. The sweet and aromatic bright raspberry berry weighs 6-8 g.
The positive qualities of the August miracle are:
- excellent frost resistance
- early ripening of the first harvest
- abundant fruiting throughout the season
- high yield - 3-5 kg per bush
- resistance to pests and diseases
- versatility of berry use
- good transportability.
The disadvantages are the inconvenience of harvesting from shoots covered with thorns, and the need to tie fruiting shoots to the trellis.
Rating of the best varieties of raspberries
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||rating|
|The best remontant varieties of raspberries||1||Hercules||4.9|
|The best classic raspberries||1||Kuzmin's news||4.9|
|The best standard raspberry varieties||1||Tarusa||4.9|
Preparing for winter
Most of the traditional varieties of raspberries can be successfully tolerated below -25-30 degrees only under cover. Tying in bunches, bending to the ground and covering the stems is a laborious and time-consuming operation. Helping gardeners grow remontant raspberries.
Preparing such bushes for the winter is simple, not burdensome in terms of time and effort.
- After harvesting the berries at the end of summer, the shoots are cut "on a stump" immediately at ground level. To prevent the spread of diseases and pests, cut branches are removed from the site and burned.
- The surface of the soil in the raspberry bush is covered with a layer of mulch. It is best to use compost - in addition to thermal protection, organic matter will enrich the soil with nutrients.
- In regions with little snow, it makes sense to take care of snow retention - put up shields, spread cut large branches of fruit trees on the site.
If the autumn was dry, the raspberries should be watered - the wet earth does not freeze so much and the raspberry roots winter better.
With the arrival of spring, a protective layer of mulch will provide food for overwintered bushes. Sanitary pruning and feeding of raspberries will prepare the plants for the new season - the harvest of sweet berries, even in Siberia, is guaranteed.
The best raspberry varieties according to gardeners' reviews
|The best remontant varieties of raspberries||1||Polka||9.8 / 10||250|
|2||Orange miracle||9.7 / 10||250|
|3||Bryansk miracle||9.7 / 10||270|
|4||Firebird||9.5 / 10||220|
|5||Hercules||9.5 / 10||450|
|The best classic raspberries||1||Kuzmin's news||9.5 / 10||250|
|2||Yellow giant||9.5 / 10||300|
|3||Patricia||9.4 / 10||200|
|The best standard raspberry varieties||1||Tarusa||9.7 / 10||300|
|2||Monomakh's hat||9.3 / 10||270|