Tomato Burkovskiy early: an unpretentious variety for all regions
Now you can choose a variety of tomatoes for every taste, but when there are a lot of them, the choice is difficult. Various literary sources can help with this, and even better - reviews of gardeners who have experienced this or that tomato in their garden. However, early reviews of the Burkovsky variety are contradictory: from enthusiastic to "so-so".
The history of growing tomato Burkovskiy early
The seed-growing company "Siberian Garden" is engaged in the sale of tomato seeds Burkovsky early, which made it possible to believe that this variety appeared in Siberia. However, this idea is incorrect, although it is found in many sources. Burkovskiy early appeared as a result of the work of scientists of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Growing (St. Petersburg), since 2015 bearing the name "FGBNU Federal Research Center All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources. NI Vavilov ".
Experts of the institute consider it one of the samples "with the greatest expression of economically valuable traits", along with such varieties as Altai early, Baltic and Borodinsky.
Unfortunately, the variety in question has not been included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation, and it can only be judged by the information of the seed producer and feedback from gardeners in specialized forums. It is indicated that it is mainly planted outdoors, but in the northern regions it grows in greenhouses. It is grown both in moderately hot areas and in the conditions of Siberia and the Urals.
Description of the variety of tomatoes Burkovsky early
Tomato Burkovskiy early is positioned as a high-yielding variety of early ripening. Belongs to the number of determinant, the bushes reach a height of only 60 cm, but due to the large number of fruits, they require tying and, preferably, the formation of a plant. It is also possible to grow the variety without pinching, this does not affect the overall yield very much. The leaves are of normal size, green, the foliage of the bushes is moderate. The stems are not very strong, so you can simply substitute supports under the brushes with fruits. Fruit clusters, starting from the fifth or sixth leaf, are tied after each leaf without gaps.
The bushes do not hold the harvest well, without tying the tomatoes lie on the ground
Fruits are red, medium-sized. The mass of tomatoes on one bush can be 150 g (on the lower tiers), and only 70–80 g. The shape of the fruits is correct, from round to flat-round, with a weakly pronounced ribbing. The fruits have a strong shine, have a dense skin, and the number of seeds is small. Ripening begins about three months after germination.
Characteristics of the tomato variety Burkovsky early
Tomato Burkovskiy early is characterized by unpretentiousness to growing conditions, high resistance to most diseases, including late blight and tobacco mosaic virus. Able to set fruit even in unfavorable weather.
Fruit taste is assessed as good or excellent, strong aroma. The taste is dominated by sweetness, but not without the sourness characteristic of many early tomatoes. The main purpose of the crop is salad, but the excess crop can be processed into any product. The variety is suitable for both salting and drying.
Burkovsky early has a high yield, with proper care from one bush, you can collect up to 3 kg of tomatoes, which, with a dense planting, allows you to get up to 15 kg of products from a square meter. Tomatoes tolerate transportation and long-term storage well, which arouses the interest of farmers who grow vegetables for sale.
The fruits of early Burkovskiy tomato look good: even, without flaws, quite marketable
Thus, the most important advantages of Burkovsky early tomato are complex resistance to diseases and whims of the weather, unpretentiousness, ease of care. The yield is also good. The quality of its fruits, apparently, is not the best: among the early-ripening tomatoes, you can now find many varieties with an exquisite taste. However, there are probably no such qualities that would combine only positive qualities.
Features of agricultural technology
If you do not want to grow seedlings, this tomato can be sown with seeds directly in the garden, especially in warm regions. True, at the same time it will cease to be early, so they still try to cook the seedlings. If there is a greenhouse, you can sow seeds for seedlings and in it, seedlings do not need heat, but you need to sow the seeds of this tomato in early April, when it is already relatively warm in many localities.
The seedlings of Burkovsky early do not outgrow, there are few problems with it, you only need to water it moderately, and you can do without fertilizing in the case of fertile soil. You can plant it in a permanent place already at the age of one and a half months; if you wait up to two months, it will already be with buds. The scheme can be quite dense: five bushes per square meter is normal, and six is also possible.
Despite the relative cold resistance of the variety, if at the time of planting there is a threat of a strong drop in temperature, and even more so of frost, the plantings must be covered with spunbond for a while: the seedlings are stocky, low, this is easy to do.
For growing seedlings, you can not take separate cups, than save space
Plants are usually taken care of, this variety does not require high qualifications of a gardener. Water the tomatoes as needed, avoiding waterlogging of the soil. Until the fruits ripen, the soil is kept in a moderately moist state, then a little drying is recommended. Since the variety is early, they only manage to feed it 2-3 times. The scheme is standard: a complex fertilizer or mullein solution two weeks after planting seedlings, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers at the beginning of fruit growth and, possibly, an ash solution at the very beginning of their browning.
This variety can be grown without forming a bush, but lovers of order throughout the entire pinching process, leave the two strongest lower stepsons, that is, they lead the bush in three stems. Tying a bush to a peg is desirable: a bountiful harvest can cause the plant to fall, tomatoes will have to be picked from the ground. There is no point in harvesting in an immature state: tomatoes ripen perfectly on the bushes, it is in the sun that they gain all the taste and aroma required for the variety.
The formation of a bush, if carried out, is quite traditional
Reviews about the tomato variety Burkovsky early
Video: tomato seeds from the "Siberian Garden"
Tomato Burkovskiy early - one of the problem-free varieties of early ripening, characterized by not the most delicious fruits, but high resistance to adverse factors. Despite the absence of the variety in the State Register of the Russian Federation, many gardeners know it and plant a dozen bushes for early consumption.
Planting and care rules
Sowing seeds for seedlings for tomatoes is carried out one and a half to two months before planting young plants in open ground. Tomatoes of this variety can be planted without going through the stage of growing seedlings. In this case, the sowing of seeds is carried out starting from mid-May.
Shchelkovsky Early variety is a warm and light-loving crop. Planting seedlings, as well as sowing seeds in open ground, is necessary after the threat of night frosts has passed, and the air and soil have warmed up sufficiently.
Seeds, packaged by producers, do not need pretreatment. If the seeds were collected with their own hands or were bought by weight, they must be treated with a disinfectant solution of potassium permanganate, diluted aloe juice, soda or Fitosporin. This is required to increase yields and protect plants from disease.
It is also advisable to disinfect the soil for seedlings with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate or by calcining.
Tomatoes grown by an experienced gardener (photo)
After disinfecting the soil, it must be well moistened and left for 10 days to fill with bacteria useful for tomato growth.
Then the soil is poured into containers, grooves are made in it 1 cm deep. The distance between the furrows is 3-5 cm. Seeds are placed in the furrows, retreating from each 2-3 cm, and sprinkled with soil.
You do not have to make furrows, but simply put the seeds on the surface of the soil and sprinkle them on top.
The containers are covered with foil or glass and placed in a well-lit place.
After 10 days, when the first two true leaves appear, you can make a pick - plant the seedlings in separate containers. After a few weeks, another pick is carried out in a larger container.
I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.
Tomatoes of the Schelkovsky Early variety, according to reviews, develop well if grown through seedlings. The picking process is one of the most important stages of cultivation.
When preparing a substrate for seedlings that will be transplanted, it is worth adhering to the same rules as when sowing seeds. The soil should be loose, fertilized and disinfected.
We recommend that you immediately allocate enough space for each seedling and limit yourself to picking in one stage. If a box is chosen for planting tomatoes, a distance of 4.5-5 cm must be observed between the plants. The same amount should be left in the aisles, and also retreat from the edge of the container.
If the number of tomatoes is small, it is convenient to use glasses. Then, the transfer to the garden bed will be easier, because transshipment can be used. Regardless of the container chosen, a drainage layer must be laid on the bottom and make sure that there are enough holes for the outflow of moisture and they are evenly distributed.
As a drainage material, according to the reviews of experienced gardeners, it is convenient to use old sawdust. They are lighter than small stones and will not spill like sand.
After picking, the plants must be well moistened with slightly warm water with the addition of a fungicide. Magnicur Energy would be a good option, because this product also contains vitamins.
If the planting is carried out in open ground, the seedlings must be pre-hardened. To do this, containers with tomatoes must be taken out into the garden, having previously chosen a place protected from wind and strong sun.
In the first two weeks after planting, we do not recommend fertilizing the tomatoes. This can harm the fragile roots, the plants will take root more slowly.
To protect against diseases, pests and feeding, we recommend combining spraying with preparations with foliar fertilizers.
These tomatoes grow well in fertile soil. Planting tomato seedlings is carried out on a cloudy, windless day. The bushes are planted in pits, retreating 40 cm between them, and watered well, then sprinkled with soil on top.
Further care for tomatoes consists of watering, loosening the soil and protecting against diseases and insect pests.
Reviews of gardeners about the Schelkovsky Early tomatoes are only positive due to the early maturity of the fruits, high yields and ease of care.
While watching the video, you will learn about growing tomatoes.
The tomato of the described variety is a good option for growing, both in open soils and in greenhouse conditions, including on the balcony. Excellent properties will allow you to enjoy the taste of juicy and healthy tomatoes soon after planting.
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Agricultural technology varieties of tomatoes Burkovsky early
The variety is recommended for cultivation in regions with a harsh climate; it showed itself well in the middle lane. The cultivation method is traditional, through seedlings.
Seed preparation and sowing
It is recommended to soak tomato seeds for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate, and then you can start germination. Cups with soil or boxes should be prepared in advance (if the seeds are first planned to be sown in common containers).
Germinate the seeds in a damp cloth in a warm place. The tissue is periodically moistened, but not flooded with water, otherwise the embryos in the seeds may die.
The timing of seed preparation and sowing is mid or late March. The seedlings should be about 60 days old when transplanted into the ground. If you plant tomatoes in a permanent place at the end of May, then sow for seedlings in mid-March.
The timing is determined by the gardeners themselves, taking into account the peculiarities of the area, the weather, the conditions for growing tomatoes.
Sprouted seeds are sown in containers, removed to a dark place and sprouting await. As soon as the sprouts appear on the surface, the pots are rearranged to the light.
Tomato seedlings are grown at a temperature of + 23ºC… + 25ºC - during the day, and about + 18ºC at night. It is advisable to carry out additional illumination of seedlings in the initial period.
Water sparingly as the soil dries up. Top dressing is carried out twice, but if the soil was nutritious, then you can not apply fertilizer.
Tomatoes must be gradually hardened 10-14 days before transplanting to a permanent place. To do this, they are taken out to the balcony or loggia, to the veranda so that the windows are open. The hardening time starts from 10-15 minutes, bringing to a full day.
Tomatoes are planted only when the soil warms up to + 14ºC… + 16ºC. It happens that spring is late, but there is no need to rush to disembark. In the cold ground, seedlings will hurt, they may die.
Strong seedlings will catch up as soon as the warm days come.
Tomato Burkovskiy early planted up to five bushes per square meter. It is good to do this: leave the seedlings for one or two days in the garden right in the glasses, so that it gets used to the new conditions, and then transplant.
The early Burkovskiy variety is usually grown on ridges, in the open air. It is advisable to mulch the plants with peat, humus, rotted compost immediately after planting. Sawdust and cut grass are also good. Tomatoes that are grown on loam will respond especially well to this.
If mulch is not used, then in caring for tomatoes, they do not forget about the obligatory loosening of the soil. During the season, at least 3-4 loosening is carried out.
In the initial period, tomatoes can be covered with a non-woven material to protect them from possible cold snaps. You can treat the bushes with a solution of any growth stimulant (the composition is prepared according to the instructions for the drug).
Tomatoes growing outdoors are rarely watered, given the weather conditions. Plants often have enough rainfall, but in hot summers additional watering will be required. It is especially important to provide tomatoes with sufficient moisture at the very beginning of flowering and during the period of fruit formation.
For each adult plant, up to three liters of water are consumed.
During the period of fruit ripening, all watering and feeding are reduced and gradually stopped altogether.
As top dressing, infusions of mullein or bird droppings are used (diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and 1:20), as well as infusions of herbs. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the first growing season (about three weeks after planting tomato seedlings in the garden).
The next dressings are potash and phosphorus fertilizers, which are important for the formation of ovaries, the formation of fruits. As always, gardeners use wood ash (both as fertilizer - infusions, and as protection from diseases and pests - dusting the soil).
For feeding tomatoes, ready-made compositions of complex fertilizers are suitable, among which KEMIRA is especially popular with gardeners.
To improve the formation of ovaries, stimulants are used - Ovary, Tomaton. Spraying tomatoes with a boric acid solution is also effective, which accelerates fruit formation.
This short tomato does not need pinching and forming a bush. It is only recommended to remove the leaves before the first flower brush.
Usually, in early Burkovsky, the first brush appears after the fifth leaf, then the brushes come after each leaf. With good care, fruits grow quickly, and they can be removed with a milky or brown color. This will allow the fruit to form faster in the following brushes.
For ripening, tomatoes are harvested in boxes, where they “reach” full ripeness in about 10-12 days. When growing this tomato in greenhouses and under shelters, even in the North-West and the Urals, many plants have fruits ripening right on the bush.
By about mid-July, the first fruits are harvested, while the Burkovsky early variety is distinguished by a friendly return of the harvest.
To prevent the appearance of late blight, it is recommended to spray the plants with Bordeaux liquid in the initial growing season. It is advisable for tomatoes growing in open ground to carry out such treatments regularly, after two to three weeks, and about 20-21 days before harvesting the fruits, the treatment is stopped.
Features of growing and planting tomato Schelkovsky early
Sowing seeds for seedlings should be 45-60 days before planting them in open ground / greenhouse (usually this is the second half of March). To do this, you need a container or box with loose and fertile soil. The optimum seeding depth is 1 cm. After that, in about 6–7 days, seedlings will begin to appear en masse.
Video: planting seeds of standard tomatoes for seedlings
Caring for them consists in regular watering, and, if necessary, in additional illumination with an artificial light source (so that the total daylight hours are approximately 12 hours). In the phase of two true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate containers.
To avoid picking tomatoes and if space permits, seeds can be immediately planted in separate cups
Hardening of young bushes should be started 10-14 days before they are planted in a permanent place. The timing of planting seedlings in a greenhouse depends on the growing region:
- in central Russia and the Moscow region, it is planted in open ground in early June
- in Siberia and the Urals - 1-2 weeks later.
Tomatoes can be planted in a grower greenhouse 2-3 weeks earlier than in open ground. Planting scheme - 30 × 40 cm.
The standard varieties of tomatoes have a very poorly developed root system. This is due to the fact that they spend nutrients not on the growth of roots, but on the formation and ripening of fruits. Therefore, a large area of food for the bushes is not required and they can be planted densely: by 1 m2 fits up to 8 plants.
Further care for tomatoes consists in timely watering, loosening, and, if necessary, weeding. It is advisable to carry out root and leaf dressing with universal or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, ash. The introduction of a small amount of rotted organic matter is allowed only during planting of seedlings to a permanent place.
Shchelkovsky early - this is the first variety of tomatoes that I have had a chance to cultivate. I had no experience, so I decided to buy a “simpler” variety, which can be grown in the open field and not be pinned. But I did not know that the seedlings need to be hardened. Therefore, after planting in a permanent place, all the bushes burned out in the sun, but the stems remained intact. I was very sorry, but I noticed that new leaves began to form on them. I decided to leave and see what happens. As a result, I waited for the fruits, but not in June / July, but in early August. There were few of them, but they corresponded to the description of the variety. I think, if not for my mistake, everything would be fine. After all, 5 bushes, which I gave to my mother-in-law, gave a lot of tomatoes. True, she grew them in a greenhouse.
Reviews who planted
Testimonials gardeners about Andromeda tomatoes are different. Most often they are grown because ripe tomatoes ripen early and are characterized by excellent taste. Below are the reviews of gardeners who have been growing Andromeda tomatoes on their site for more than one year.
Olga Gennadievna, Sverdlovsk region
Alexandra Vladimirovna, Rostov region
Irina Sergeevna, Samara region
Dmitry Petrovich, Moscow region
Gennady Alexandrovich, Chelyabinsk region
Tatyana Ivanovna, Leningrad region
Ludmila Vasilevna, Tomskth area
Victoria Vitalievna, Moscow region