Information

Phoenix - Phoenix canariensis

Phoenix - Phoenix canariensis


Phoenix

The phoenixes are fascinating trees, with an important ornamental value. They also belong to the large genus of palm trees and like many of these they are particularly appreciated because they give the landscape or a set of garden crops an evocative "tropical" scenario. The palms, in fact, have a good resistance to cold and for this reason they are able to grow outdoors even in Northern Italy, although their diffusion is greater in areas with a mild climate. The phoenixes have characteristics similar to the other types of palms, although they develop at lower heights than the more slender species, not reaching more than 10 meters. They also have leaves that open with the typical green tuft on the top of the trunk, and flowers closed in the characteristic oval leaf called "spathe". The phoenixes have two particularly widespread types: the phoenix canariensis, or Canary palm, and the phoenix dactylifera, or date palm. The canariensis is, as the adjective that defines it illustrates, a plant native to the Canary Islands, then widespread in the European continent around the second half of the 1800s, often cultivated in temperate or warm climate areas as an ornamental specimen. Within the genus of palms it belongs to that type whose stem does not branch. However, this is large, reaches a height close to 10 meters and is externally covered by leaf petioles, which it is good practice to cut in order to give greater regularity to the shape of the trunk. Very similar to the phoenix canariensis it is the phoenix dactylifera, native to the Middle East. Unlike the previous one, the date palm has a longer and slender stem, which grows up to 20 meters in height and can also boast of beautiful hanging fruit-bearing branches on which reddish fruits grow.


Leaves, flowers, fruits.

The leaves of the canariensis are united in a terminal tuft, elongated and bright with a beautiful green color. These have the characteristic of being composed of numerous bent and also sharp feathers, in particular those located in the lower part of the tree practically form very robust thorns. The flowers come together in a spadix and are supported by some peduncles about one meter long and curved. The fruits of the phoenix canariensis they have a dark yellow color, the size similar to that of an olive and are quite tasteless. The fruits of the dactylifera are dates, well known also in our country, high in calories and usually consumed as an exotic fruit, especially as a sweet food of the winter season or of the Christmas period. They are cylindrical drupes up to 8 centimeters long and even 3 centimeters wide, with a dark shade when they reach maturity, the moment in which they release the best of their flavor. They also have a single seed about 3 centimeters long.


Multiplication

The multiplication of phoenix canariensis can take place by sowing during the spring season (for the dactylifera it is the stone of the date), but also with a transplant of the suckers in early spring. The newly born seedlings will then be placed in small containers, with a diameter that does not exceed 10 centimeters.


Exposure

Its preferred location is a space that is touched by good light, but not directly in the sun. If the plant is grown in the garden in areas with a cold climate, it will be advisable to avoid places too beaten by the wind and also protect the palms, in the winter season, with plastic sheets or mats.


Ground

The preferred soil for phoenixes is soft, not particularly moist and well-moistened. Good growth also occurs in woodland or soil.


Watering

If the phoenix, as often happens for the canariensis, is grown inside an apartment, it is advisable to water it frequently but not abundantly. For its cultivation in the ground it is advisable to water more abundantly, especially in the first vegetative period of the plant and always wait for the soil to dry before watering it the next time. With the growth of the plant, watering will be concentrated, regularly, from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, and then reduce it to a minimum in the winter season.


Parasites

An important danger for the phoenixes that has caused widespread damage to this plant especially in some areas of southern Italy is represented by a fearsome beetle known as the "red weevil".


Uses

These trees have a considerable ornamental value, thanks to the exotic effect they give to the environments in which they are located and to their pleasant color. As for the smaller specimens, it is usual to use them to decorate apartments but also public places. They are often found, in fact, in shops or offices, to give liveliness to places that could be too serious. The larger specimens, with an arboreal shape, are rather widespread to give beauty to parks or gardens, especially in those areas that have a Mediterranean climate.




Phoenix Hybrid, Date Palm

Category:

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 ° C (20 ° F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 ° C (25 ° F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 ° C (30 ° F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 ° C (35 ° F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 ° C (40 ° F)

Where to Grow:

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

Seed Collecting:

Regional

This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

North Hollywood, California

Gardeners' Notes:

On Apr 30, 2011, Fires_in_motion from Vacherie, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

After studying date palms and their hybrids nonstop for the last 3 years, I am all but certain this is the palm I had. It was sold to me for $ 125 as a P. dactylifera 'Medjool' in July '08, at approx. 15 gallon size. The guy swore up and down it was a pure Medjool, and even showed me a larger one in the back which he believed to be a hybrid. (For what it's worth, that one looked exactly like the one I bought.) The fronds were tied up with rope when I examined it, and when I removed the rope, the fronds stayed up due to the temporary stiffness the rope imparted this was my fatal error which I only realized later. Anyway, the fronds were quite dark green and glossy, and later got even darker and glossier after I planted it that same day (in full sun). The leaf spines were massive and q. read more uite yellowish-orange. Its suckers all came off at ground level, not a single one actually on the trunk itself. (One of my biggest tipoffs that it had no P. dactylifera blood in it.)

Anyway, It did very well, and survived the brutal January-February '10 freeze just fine. It never had any graphiola, which must be a benefit of its P. reclinata lineage. (Graphiola plagues palms unaccustomed to humid, rainy areas e.g. P. dactylifera.) I got compliments on it from people walking by. But I was so disgusted every time I looked at it (the floppy fronds with that classic P. reclinata curvature about 3/4 of the way down, the chubby trunk), and being the P. dactylifera addict that I was / am, just looking at it conjured up thoughts of my having been screwed over. "I wanted a palm with glaucous, stiff, upright fronds and I got the exact opposite? The horror!" So I self-righteously cut it down in early '10. I now have a Shumard Oak in its place, which will be a great wildlife apartment for the next 500 years or so, hence I can't complain. But looking at pics of mature hybrids of this type makes me wish I had kept it, or at least sold it. I do have photos of it which I should post sometime. So I am rating this hybrid "Positive" in order to reflect its good attributes and cold hardiness, overlooking my personal grudge with the seller. (A palm nursery on River Road in Kenner, LA, which will go unnamed.)

On Aug 14, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Truly a massive palm, it looks a lot like a suckering skinny trunked PHoenix canariensis. though there is quite a bit of variability with this common naturally occuring hybrid (common in southern California) - some are solitary. Great looking tree!


Phoenix Species, Canary Date Palm, Canary Island Date Palm

Category:

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 ° C (10 ° F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 ° C (15 ° F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 ° C (20 ° F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 ° C (25 ° F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 ° C (30 ° F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 ° C (35 ° F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 ° C (40 ° F)

Where to Grow:

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

From seed sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Los Angeles, California (2 reports)

Niceville, Florida (2 reports)

Las Vegas, Nevada (4 reports)

Emerald Isle, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Brookings, Oregon (2 reports)

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

Gardeners' Notes:

On Jan 5, 2021, UtahTropics12 from Salt Lake City, UT (Zone 7b) wrote:

The northernmost place in the U.S. I see this palm grown successfully is surprisingly (or not) Brookings / Harbor, Oregon. You won’t see one CIDP north of Brookings, which is the most southernmost city in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. The hardiness zone of the area is 9b / bordering on 10a and these palms get VERY large and thick and lush in this cool, rainy area! I haven’t seen one palm of this species with any sort of winter damage in this area and they are (sort of) common but just a little further north and it’s a totally different story.

On Dec 6, 2020, Bammerpup from Hermitage, PA wrote:

I gathered seeds from a beautiful specimen in Orange County, CA. The palms were left in containers once they sprouted. After 3 years, one seedling was placed into the earth here in Hermitage, PA. Each fall I covered the palm with a greenhouse made from metal hoops and plastic. I utilized an electric heater inside the greenhouse, then when the spring temperatures arrived, the greenhouse was removed so the palm could be outside as part of my landscape. The palm has now been in the ground for 5 years and is massive as well as beautiful. It is about 20 feet tall including the fronds. The trunk too is massive - about 4 feet thick and 5 feet tall. This has brought me so much pleasure plus everyone who comes to my home is amazed and super impressed.

I work for a landscaping company, and we are working on house just north of Seattle WA in Everett WA. My client has expressed interest in this plant as well as mule palms, Sylvester date palms, and Mexican fan palms. I usually landscape yards with plants that are common around the Seattle area, therefore, I have no experience with these types of palm trees. I have done research on a myriad of websites, including this one (which coincidentally claims this palm can be grown in the very city I am working in.) Our area is USDA zone 8b (although our winters are more like 9a) and apparently all of these plants can grow here. I would like get some more information and / or personal experience as well as some advice when dealing with more exo. read more tic palm trees. Anything helps!

On Oct 15, 2014, IlhadoPico from Sao Roque do Pico,
Portugal (Zone 11) wrote:

These grow fine on Pico Island, Azores.

On Jun 1, 2014, beau99 from Benton, LA wrote:

I live in Benton, Louisiana just outside of Shreveport in Zone 8a. I was told I couldn't grow a Canary Island date palm in this area, but I love proving people wrong. and I did! I grew the tree from a seedling about 15 years ago and it has grown huge and beautiful! It is now about 20 feet tall. It has suffered frond damage after a few very cold winters with temps down into the teens for a few nights, but it recovered with no problem! It is true that this tree grows very wide before it starts to grow up. It is also true that the spines are EXTREMELY sharp and dangerous! I have to take extreme care when pruning old fronds, but for me it's worth it to have this beautiful tree in my yard!

On Feb 20, 2014, DaveTorquay from Torquay,
United Kingdom (Zone 10b) wrote:

An extremely common palm here in Torquay, infact I think every single street has at least 12 planted. I did have one in my garden, but had it taken out as my back passage is on the small side and the leaves were pricking people as they walked past (it was also a pain when I tried to sunbathe nude in my garden, literally) . Very fast growing, a seedling planted in the ground will be around 20ft and fruiting in approximately 5 years and 2 months here. They self seed profusely and I am constantly weeding out seedlings from my side border, as well as my tubs out front. Torquay is the only place you will now find this palm in the UK, after winter 2010 they died everywhere, including on the Scillies I believe (as it got much colder there). There is a mature specimen located by the railway line in. read more town, the only mature specimen in the whole of western Europe. It was planted in 1876 by Reginald B. Hawkings, an engineer from Paignton. I'm sure he would be highly amused that this palm now towers over Torquay, if he wasn't dead that is. Seedlings from this palm spread all over Tor bay, carried by seagulls (I expect) specimens in Brixham & Paignton were all killed in 2010 however, but not a single one was damaged in Torquay, well it didn't get a frost here, so you know. The council here don't actually plant any, they employ a staff of 30 to weed them out, a few are left and those are the ones you can see about the town. When they get to around 15ft tall they are removed and then new ones allowed to sprout, that is why there are no other mature specimens. They love the long hot summers in Torquay (the warmest in the UK) and are so common that I actually hate them now, I only give a positive as they remind me of a visit to Majorca in my youth.

On Oct 2, 2013, hoitider from Emerald Isle, NC wrote:

I purchased three of these palms two years ago one is at the end of my septic tank field getting the nutrients and water from that and is outstanding, tremendous growth, gets afternoon sun, the other two are in different locations and are no where near as nice.apparently the like moisture and nutrients, I have four other types of palms and my livingston chinensis, chinese fan pals are now 12 ft and looking grat they did not shed their leaves this year, guess we are moving into zone 8 or 9, my butias palms are out standing, needle pals are nice sabal palm just bought 12 ft will see what it does, my chamacrops humilis shrub palms are abot 8 ft high and five wide doing nicely, mt saw palmeto silver are slow my lady palms did not make it, my washington robusta mexican fan palms are doing grate six f. read more t tall and five wide, windmill palms are doing fine, this collection of palms in zone 8 were experemental

On Jul 31, 2012, palmScott from Portsmouth,
United Kingdom wrote:

Phoenix canariensis are very commonly planted all around Portsmouth, with some large specimens planted close to the beach. They have survived the last few cold winters we have had in the UK without damage here & I would consider them hardy in this location. They also have survived in central London & other sheltered locations along the south coast, including the Isle of Wight, Channel Islands & Scilly Isles.

They grow big very fast here & are not suitable for small gardens, but they are cheap & readily available from all garden centers & D.I.Y sheds.

All in all an ideal fast growing palm for the mildest locations in the UK.

On Apr 9, 2012, sherizona from Peoria, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Very easy palm to care for in the desert southwest. They tend to grow out before they grow up and palmbob is right, those big needles can pack a punch so be careful pruning. Softens hard concrete walls that seem to be everywhere here, just mind the mature size. Many plant this palm in their postage-stamp-sized lots and after a few years wish they chose a pygmy instead. You really need a good-sized space for this graceful giant.

On Mar 20, 2011, Tropicalnikko from Brisbane bayside,
Australia (Zone 11) wrote:

This palm grows well pretty much anywhere in Australia. Great hardy palm suitable for all big gardens.

On May 10, 2010, peejay12 from Porthleven, Helston, Cornwall,
United Kingdom (Zone 9b) wrote:

Although not as hardy as Butia capitata, this palm has become quite popular with gardeners in coastal parts of Cornwall, where (amazingly) it seems to thrive. In the UK it seems to grow faster than Butia and is a lot cheaper to buy. It seems to show more signs of rot (brown spots on the base of new leaves) after the winter than Butia.

Although the largest specimens in the southwest may survive, I think most of the others will perish in our first really hard winter. Even large plants are only (claimed to be) hardy down to -10C.

The leaves will reach over 4m long, so a plant will cover an area the size of a house (even before the trunk forms!) So a lot of thought needs to go into positioning this giant.

This is a plant for very large garden. read more s and municipal plantings. In Penzance many large (but not very tall) plants can be seen, such as beside the quay car park, outside the town hall, and in the gardens near the art gallery, and in the Queen Mary Gardens at Falmouth (although these suffer from the sea winds).

On Apr 23, 2010, paulrintexas from Friendswood, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I planted two of these palms five years ago that were in 45 gallon containers. I'm right on the border of zone 9a / 9b. I brought them home in the back of a pickup. Although they are a slow growing palm, mine are getting very large. They need a lot of room and mine now measure about 20 'across. They are truly a beautiful palm tree.
We had the hardest winter in 15 years this year with 5 nights of temps in the 20s. One night was right at 20 *. The palms suffered little damage other than the fronds were a little burned. Be VERY careful when pruning. The spines are unforgiving and will pierce easily thru a leather glove. I have been stabbed twice and the pain several hours later was excruciating.

On Mar 21, 2010, donnacreation from Sumter, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

This palm requires partial winter protection (xmas lights and frost cloth) here in central SC. I protected mine in Dec and removed the frost cloth 2 months later in mid Feb. It seems cold hardier than several phoenix sylvestris dates I planted and protected at the same time. Since removing its winter protection, this palm has withstood temps down to 24f and many heavy frosts with no damage, while the frond tips on the sylvesters are a little burnt.

On Mar 21, 2010, donnacreation from Sumter, SC wrote:

This palm requires partial winter protection (xmas lights and frost cloth) here in central SC. I protected mine in Dec and removed the frost cloth 2 months later in mid Feb. It seems cold hardier than several phoenix sylvestris dates I planted and protected at the same time. Since removing its winter protection, this palm has withstood temps down to 24f and many heavy frosts with no damage, while the frond tips on the sylvesters are a little burnt.

On Mar 21, 2010, donnacreation from Sumter, SC wrote:

This palm requires partial winter protection (xmas lights and frost cloth) here in central SC. I protected mine in Dec and removed the frost cloth 2 months later in mid Feb. It seems cold hardier than several phoenix sylvestris dates I planted and protected at the same time. Since removing its winter protection, this palm has withstood temps down to 24f and many heavy frosts with no damage, while the frond tips on the sylvesters are a little burnt.

On Mar 21, 2010, donnacreation from Sumter, SC wrote:

This palm requires partial winter protection (xmas lights and frost cloth) here in central SC. I protected mine in Dec and removed the frost cloth 2 months later in mid Feb. It seems cold hardier than several phoenix sylvestris dates I planted and protected at the same time. Since removing its winter protection, this palm has withstood temps down to 24f and many heavy frosts with no damage, while the frond tips on the sylvesters are a little burnt.

On Nov 14, 2009, stephenp from Wirral, UK, Zone 9a,
United Kingdom (Zone 9a) wrote:

This palm is one of the most architectural there is, and is gaining massive popularity around the UK, although tends to be only confined to coastal areas, although some grow a little inland.

Biggest ones occur on the south coast, and on the Isles of Scilly (eq. USDA zone 9B / 10A)

Here where I live (zone 9a) CIDP's rarely get winter damage if at all, and they are becoming frequent in peoples gardens, there are a few fairly large specimens around too, which have been growing for the last decade or so. The main problem is that people are relatively inexperienced with these palms and therefore plant them next to walls, not realizing their potential size.

A great plant definitely a positive.

On Mar 16, 2009, ArchAngeL01 from Myrtle Beach, SC (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is my favorite palm probrobly, it defoliates here a lil in winter but recovers rapidly i seen HUGE one in charleston and it AMAZED me

On Feb 19, 2009, JamesPark from Auckland,
New Zealand (Zone 9a) wrote:

Now surpassing Trachycarpus fortunei in popularity here in the southwest UK, specimens are beginning to mature now and many small gardens have been taken over by these palms. They grow steadily all throughout the year due to our constant rainfall although the recent freeze has damaged the foliage of many plants. I have had a spear pull on two seedlings! Their potential is now being recognized and plants are beginning to be planted by councils across the country.

On Oct 8, 2008, agentdonny007 from Las Vegas, NV (Zone 8b) wrote:

Grows with little care. Very gorgeous specimen but does require good space in the yard! One of the largest palms seen through the Las Vegas valley and many hotel / casinos utilize it's tropical appeal to create oasis style landscapes. Fronds can receive slight burn in cold winters, but definitely one of my favorite palms :)

On Oct 29, 2007, cazieman from Seattle, WA wrote:

i have a 2 year old seedling from a plam in Sochi, Russia, it is doing good so far, slow growing though.

On Apr 17, 2007, 1cros3nails4gvn from Bluffton, SC (Zone 9a) wrote:

these are popular palms here in the Lowcountry of S.C. Although for some reason the Lowcountry is classified as 8a / 8b, which is incorrect for most of the region, because the winters are more like 8b and 9a and even higher on islands and near the beach or marsh (on Hilton Head to 10a in some places). this palm is popular here in residential landscapes and it is fining its way into commercial landscapes, as well as the pygmy date and sylvester date (wild date palm). canary dates hardly get damaged if at all during hard freezes. most palms here are small because to the residential landscapes they are not that readily available in large sizes like they are to commercial landscapes. if one wants a tall palm here, they get a palmetto which go for as low as $ 210 for a 10-18 foot stripped palm.

On Jan 1, 2007, WebInt from Vista, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Very easy palm to transplant. Large mature trees are great back drops for pools and often used for this reason. Make sure you do not get females plants. Most providers will want to push a female on you. They are not as desirable and they usually have a lot of them. So someone looking for a plant that has no idea will be sold a female. Females are messy and you will be picking up fruit out of the pool almost year round. Considering that most CIDPs that are large enough to walk under will run you $ 5000 and up, it is worth taking your time and start your search early for the right plant.

Due to the width of the crown it also makes a great palm for canopy cover for the smaller rare palms. But that is one expensive canopy!

On May 19, 2006, Jay9 from Jersey,
United Kingdom (Zone 9a) wrote:

Several specimens growing in Jersey (the original one, in Britain) Zone 8b. 49oNorth. Largest are 50 years old. We are surrounded by sea and only get the odd night below -3oC, but short winter days this far North and wet!

On Feb 20, 2006, jdiaz from Chowchilla, CA wrote:

i have dozens of these growing all over my yard because i live on a street lines with canary date palm. very attractive palm when it has formed a trunk but not really before that.

On Apr 28, 2005, zsnp from Pensacola, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I am in Pensacola, Florida. Date palm grows well in my area (zone 8b), but you have to cover the trunk with a blanket in December and January. The freezing cold will destroy this tree if you neglect it just once.

On Feb 15, 2005, thrinax01 from Salt Spring Island,
Canada wrote:

Phoenix c. are grown as an experimental species in our zone 8b climate and some of them have managed to survive for several years unprotected. I do know of one growing in town since the Spring of 1999 and it seem to be just thriving. However it is growing right beside the ocean so it can feel the full maderating affect the Winter months. Personally I've lost numerous Phoenix over the years, but I may try one more time. The nicest specimens I've photographed in the Pacific North West were located in Brookings, Oregon on the south coast. They seemed to be every where once I started driving down side streets. The crowns were massive and the trunks were thick. They were decades old monsters and I've never even seen tham that full and with such thick trunks in southern California. The oldest I. read more came across was planted in 1954. I also spotted two very large Phoenix in Gold Beach 27 miles north of Brookings, and they also looked great. I wouldn't mind to have one that size on my property. They are a beautiful palm indeed! By the way, many other species of palms are grown on our island with no problems at all. ature T.fortunei are common and there are some very nice Chamaerops as well.Banana Joe, Salt Spring Island, B.C.

On Dec 4, 2004, vegasguy from Las Vegas, NV wrote:

my favorite palm, does very well in las vegas. often seen at car dealers, upscale office buildings. unfortunately, most of the ones i see at homes are neglected. they look fantastic when professionally trimmed. mature grade a canaries are $ 4-6 thousand + planting here

On Apr 7, 2004, angelam from melbourne,
Australia wrote:

This palm always looks its best no matter how dry the Summer. I think they loose some of their charm when the dead fronds are pruned away, as they lose the ball like shape of the canopy. I accept that they have to be pruned as street trees, because of the risk of a falling fronds and the spines. However the one in our lawn always drops old fronds on a windy day and they pose no problem. The spines are filthy. In our palm many small birds nest and roost in the frond bases, presumably for the protection the spines give, but they leave them encrusted, and needing careful handling.

On Sep 21, 2003, fairch from Watsonville, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Be careful of the spines at the base of the frons. I once stabbed myself with one, and the pain was excruciating. Either the spine is poisoned by the plant, or some toxic organism on the spine got injected by the stab. Be warned.

On Jul 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is the classic avenue palm in Southern California (aside from the Mexican Fan Palm) - there are thousands of them lining the streets all over Los Angeles. It is one of the fastest growing, largest and hardiest palms you can grow. It seems to like Mediterranean climates better than tropical ones- those grown in Florida always look a bit anemic to those in drier climates. Once established it needs no water, and will look good in high heat and freezing cold.

It does have a few drawbacks, however. Until the crown grows over your head, or the roof of your home, you will need to contend with long, spiny leaves, the base of which have strong, sharp spines that look like darning needles up to 2 feet long that can easily penetrate the toughest clothing- even leather. I know c. read more areful when pruning! It also is susceptible to Fusariam Wilt, a fungal disease that is spread by pruning with 'infected' shears / pruners. All those pruning multiple palms are urged to clean the instruments with bleach or something that kills the fungus.

On Mar 27, 2003, Chamma from Tennille, GA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have just finished a project for a client where I used a canary date palm in a huge planter. The temps can reach up to 45C here and lots of hot winds. I chose the canary palm because it makes a wonderful specimen plant and it withstands heat and sun!


Large Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm 1.2m

This tropical, architectural beauty will add that holiday feel to your patio for years to come! With its spectacular fan-shaped foliage, Phoenix canariensis will provide an incredibly dramatic impact to your garden.

Amazingly, this superbly exotic plant thrives in the UK and is winter hardy to -6C! Abundant across the Canary Islands and Spain, it's perfect for patio pots and will provide a stunning centerpiece for your garden.

The Phoenix Palm is undeniably impressive and can grow to more than 12m in its native Canary Islands. Fortunately, here in the UK and when restricted in a container, it reaches a much more manageable height of 1.5m (5ft).

Your palm will grow rapidly to form a thick trunk, with the distinctive, deep-green leaves fanning out above to form wonderful shadows on your patio this summer. You'll truly feel as if you've been transported to the Canary Islands!

As soon as your palm arrives, you'll be able to achieve an instant Mediterranean feel - we supply a 4-year-old plant in a 5L pot, ready to be placed wherever you want for immediate results, no need to wait!

Please note: While your palm tree will be tolerant of dry conditions when fully established, in very hot, dry weather it will need to be watered every day along with the rest of your plants.


Contents

Phoenix canariensis is a large solitary palm, 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall, occasionally growing to 40 m (131 ft). The leaves are pinnate, 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, with 80–100 leaflets on each side of the central rachis. The fruit is an oval, yellow to orange drupe 2 cm (0.79 in) long and 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter and containing a single large seed the fruit pulp is edible but not the best of dates. [3]

Common names in English include Canary Island date palm and pineapple palm. The common name in Spanish-speaking countries and in the Canary Islands is palmera canaria.

The Canary Island date palm is typically cultivated in wet-winter or Mediterranean climates, but also in wet-summer or humid subtropical climates like eastern Australia and the southeastern United States. There are even several instances of cultivated Canary Island Date Palms in high-latitude oceanic climates, such as Ireland, the UK, and the Channel Islands. [4] It can be cultivated where temperatures rarely fall below −10 or −12 °C (14 or 10 °F) for extended periods, although it will require some protection if cold periods are longer than normal. It is a slowly growing tree, exclusively propagated by seed.

The palm is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics. It is not uncommon to see Canary Island date palms pruned and trimmed to enhance the appearance. [5] When pruned, the bottom of the crown, also called the nut, appears to have a pineapple shape.

The Canary Island date palm is susceptible to Fusarium wilt, a fungal disease commonly transmitted through contaminated seed, soil, and pruning tools. Spread of the disease can be reduced when pruning tools are disinfected before use on this palm. [6] The South American palm weevil causes them to droop, turn brown and die.[1]

In the Canary Islands, the sap of this date palm is used to make palm syrup. La Gomera is where most of the sap is produced in the Canary Islands.

In some areas, Phoenix canariensis has proven to be an invasive plant. In Bermuda and the United States (Florida and California) it is considered naturalised (lives wild in a region where it is not indigenous). It has also spread in some areas of peninsular Spain, Portugal, Italy, Australia, and New Zealand. [9] [10] [11] It is listed as invasive (naturalized) in coastal southerne California. [12] In Auckland, New Zealand, the palm has itself become a host for the naturalised Australian strangler fig, Ficus macrophylla.

Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) collection at South Coast Wholesale Nursery San Diego, California

Mature Canary island Date in Melborne Florida.

P. canariensis fruit in Northern Florida.

Tall, Old Canary Island Palm in Phoenix Arizona.

Canary Island Date palm growing in Hatteras North Carolina, about their northern limit unprotected on the east coast, many have died further south in cold snaps.


L'exposition devra être très lumineuse. Si votre intérieur est plutôt sombre, évitez d'acheter un Phoenix, il finira par dépérir.
Vous pouvez aussi le placer au soleil direct à condition qu'il ne fasse pas trop froid à l'extérieur.
Le Phoenix se plaît à des températures aux alentours des 20 ou 22°C. En hiver, vous pouvez le laisser à de telles températures mais, si vous disposez d'une pièce plus fraîche, ayant des températures comprises entre 10 et 15°C, ce sera l'idéal pour lui.

Un arrosage très modéré et régulier est indispensable.
Au printemps et en été, laissez sécher le substrat en surface entre deux arrosages. Cela revient à l'arroser tous les deux à trois jours.
Vaporisez aussi de l'eau sur le feuillage tous les jours.
En automne et en hiver, réduisez les arrosages de façon à ce que le substrat sèche sur quelques centimètres entre deux et stoppez les vaporisations d'eau sur le feuillage.
Durant toute l'année, il est très important de juste humidifier le substrat lors d'un arrosage et non de le détremper.


Video: Indoor Phoenix roebellini care