That ginger root possesses useful properties, people have known for a long time. So, people living in China and India use it not only for medicinal purposes, but also in cooking. Nowadays, you can easily buy ginger root, because it is sold in almost every store or pharmacy.
but ginger is now quite successfully grown as a houseplant... This is a fairly simple task that will not be difficult. And now incredibly healthy ginger root can be at your fingertips all the time.
Preparing for landing
The appearance of this plant is very similar to sedge. So, he forms false shoots from leaves rolled into tubes. Ginger, when grown indoors, can reach a height of about 100 centimeters. A suitable flower pot must be purchased for this plant. It should not be too high and rather wide. The fact is that in this plant, the root system grows quite strongly in breadth. You should also prepare the ground for planting. The soil mixture that is used for planting vegetable crops is perfect.
After the soil and container are prepared, you should start choosing the planting material. Your future harvest depends on how high-quality it will be. When choosing a ginger root for planting, you should pay attention to the fact that there must be a lot of "eyes" on it. You should also choose a root that has a smooth surface; no damage should be noticeable on it. In the event that the planting material is of inadequate quality, the seedlings will not appear, no matter how much you wait.
Video about growing ginger at home
Planting ginger root
Prepare the ginger root before planting. So, he must be immersed in lukewarm water, where he must spend several hours. Then it should be cut with a very sharp knife into pieces along the jumpers. After that, leave the slices for a while to dry the slices. If desired, the cut sites can be treated with crushed charcoal or, in some cases, potassium manganese is used for this.
To grow ginger successfully, you must provide it with favorable conditions. Planting should be carried out either in the winter or at the very beginning of the spring. Almost any soil mixture for planting ginger is suitable, the main thing is that it is sufficiently loose and not solid. This is necessary so that the sprouts of this plant can easily break through the soil, which will ensure their rapid development and growth. Also, experienced flower growers recommend feeding the plant with fertilizers, which contain potassium.
Ginger can be grown not only in an apartment. During the warmer months, it can be taken out into the garden and placed in the shade of a tall tree. It is important that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on it, as this can cause significant damage to the plant.
Since the plant is native to tropical areas, special attention should be paid to watering. So, it must necessarily be plentiful, but at the same time, in no case should the soil become waterlogged. Otherwise, the root system may start to rot. In order to avoid this trouble, you need to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the peas during planting, which may consist of expanded clay. Thus, you will avoid stagnation of water in the substrate.
In the event that the plant is properly cared for, it can begin to bloom. However, it should be borne in mind that flowering can occur only in a plant fully adapted to the new conditions of existence (and this can take several years).
In an adult plant, not only the roots can be eaten, but also the stems or leaves. Very tasty and healthy salads are prepared from them. But in the event that you want to grow a large root, you should refrain from cutting them.
It will take at least 8 months for the ginger root to become usable and to a suitable size. So, if the planting was made at the beginning of the spring period, then by winter the root can already be used. Watering at this time can already be stopped, since the shoots and leaves will completely dry out.
It is recommended to put the color of the pot in a place where it is rather cool and there is high humidity. So, a refrigerator or a kitchen is perfect for this.
How to grow ginger at home: tips and rules
Ginger has become an extremely popular herb for its medicinal and dietary properties.
Many people buy it in markets and supermarkets and use it as a cure for colds and for weight loss. But few people know that you can grow ginger at home. This requires a pot of soil, regular watering, and a few months.
Domik.ua tells how you can not just grow ginger on the windowsill, but also get a good harvest.
Preparing for landing
Ginger is a perennial herb with a branched rhizome that begins flowering three to four years after planting. At home in the Ukrainian climate, ginger is grown mainly as an annual plant.
To get a well-developed root, ginger must be planted in the month of February. When choosing a rhizome that will serve as a "seed", you should remember that it should be fresh, smooth and firm to the touch, not very fibrous, and most importantly - have fresh buds (like potatoes in spring).
The rhizome must be placed in a glass of warm water and a few drops of potassium permanganate and covered with a plastic bag to wake up the eyes.
Then you need to divide the rhizome so that there is a fresh bud in each piece. To be sure that the rhizome will take root and sprout, you need to sprinkle it with charcoal.
Parts of the cut ginger should be planted in shallow but wide containers with drainage from pebbles covered with a layer of river sand. Next, the pot must be filled with loose soil. The land for growing ginger should consist of 1 part of sod land, humus and 1/2 part of sand.
The ginger root should be laid horizontally, buds upwards and covered with a layer of earth 2 cm high. After planting, the soil should be watered abundantly (as the top layer of the earth dries up).
The first sprout of the plant appears one and a half months after planting. This is called a period of active growth, so organic and mineral feeding should be done every two weeks. In summer, in good weather, the plant can be taken out into the open air.
Keep ginger in a bright place, but away from drafts and direct sunlight.
The plant loves low light, high temperature and humidity, and moderate watering. It should be remembered that in the heat, water the plant abundantly, and when the temperature drops, reduce watering. In frosts, you can spray the leaves and stems from a spray bottle.
In the spring, after frost, ginger can be transplanted into a greenhouse if desired.
In summer, at high temperatures, it is advisable to rearrange the ginger pot on a balcony or terrace.
If the ginger was planted in February, then in September-November, the first harvest can already be harvested. After that, in the fall, the leaves and stems of the ginger dry out. Then watering stops, the rhizome is removed from the soil, cleared of soil, stems and small roots and dried for 2-3 days in a dry ventilated place. Some of the rhizomes can be used for food or as planting material for the next year.
Description of culture
Ginger root is a dense and hard part of the plant, slightly yellow in color, with a thin skin. Ginger root has a unique spicy aroma and pungent taste. Despite the fact that the stem part of the plant is not of interest to gardeners as a useful raw material, growers are not averse to planting ginger in their flower beds, since ginger has high decorative properties. A distant relative of tulip, cardamom and turmeric, native to exotic Asia, ginger attracts gardeners with a delicate yellow-red flower that forms on one of the plant's many stems. Home-grown ginger reaches 1 m in height. The room in which this culture lives is filled with the subtle scent of lemon. Many growers rightfully believe that ginger root is, in fact, its stem. Its complex bumpy shape bears little resemblance to the refined root we are used to. But no matter what part of the plant the familiar ginger root is called, it will not be difficult to grow it at home.
Growing ginger from the root at home
If you are going to grow this plant at home, you need to solve two questions for yourself, on the answer to which all other actions depend: will we grow ginger to get root crops or flowers, will it grow only at home or will it move to an outdoor garden in the summer?
Ginger came to us from the tropical forests of South Asia. This perennial herb has a very valuable, aromatic root tuber, very similar to the root tuber of iris, the same thickened and branched.
Stems resembling sedges grow up to one and a half meters in height, and twenty-centimeter leaves tightly cover the shoot. With good care, very beautiful, bright, unusual flowers appear on the ginger plantings.
On industrial plantings of ginger root, flowering is not allowed, and when growing for yourself, it is very pleasant to admire such a miracle.
The complete cycle of root development is about 8 - 9 months. If there are plans to harvest ginger in the open air, then plant it in home containers in winter so that it has time to ripen before the frost begins.
How to choose ginger root for planting
Selected root tubers should be smooth, elastic with live buds-eyes. The planting material is cut into separate parts, 5-8 cm in size, so that each has at least one peephole.
So that the ginger is stored for a long time and does not germinate, it is treated with special chemicals before transportation, which retard the growth of greens on root tubers.
You can remove traces of these substances and accelerate bud germination by soaking the planting material in warm water for up to 2 days. Agents can be added to the water to kill the infection on the surface of the tuber. It can be potassium permanganate, soda solution (1 tsp per glass of water) or Fitosporin solution.
Decontaminated ginger can be planted in soil. The roots of this plant do not go deep into the soil, which means that it needs a wide and shallow container for planting. Drainage at the bottom is required. Its thickness must be at least 2 cm.
Next, a nutritious soil is poured. In this capacity, light garden soil or universal soil for flowers is suitable. You can mix garden soil with wood ash or charcoal. This mixture will inhibit the spread of root rot.
Soaked roots are planted in the resulting soil mixture. It is necessary to strictly monitor that the kidneys are directed upward. The planting material is covered with soil no thicker than 2-3 cm, and we leave the same amount to the edge of the planting container. The larger the area of the planting box, the more roots you can plant in it. Planting is completed by watering with warm water.
There is another way to sprout ginger.
The root tuber planted on a thin rod is suspended over a container of water in such a way that it slightly touches the surface of the water. Monitor the water level until roots appear. Tubers, with emerging roots, are planted as usual.
At temperatures below + 25 ° C and high humidity, at least two weeks pass before the first shoots appear. In conditions of growth close to native tropics, far from cold and drafts, ginger grows very quickly. At lower temperatures, the shoots turn yellow and stop growing.
The issue of watering is very important. Until sprouts appear, the soil is maintained in a moderately moist state. As the green mass increases, they are watered more often. The soil in the container must always be moist.
Water it with warm and soft water. The higher the ambient temperature, the more often you water.
When it gets colder, the frequency of watering is reduced. Spraying is helpful.
The sustained heat will allow the ginger plants to be planted outdoors or in a greenhouse. On industrial plantations, planting is carried out according to such schemes 40 * 40 or 35 * 60 cm. The place should be well lit by the sun and be closed from the winds. At noon, openwork shading is desirable.
Grown up shoots - care
When growing ginger outdoors or in a greenhouse, you need to remember about timely watering. It is necessary to maintain the necessary moisture in the soil and air throughout the growing season.
It is very important for obtaining a high yield of root tubers apply the necessary fertilizers... These should be organic and mineral dressings, but it is better if they are in liquid form. They are brought in alternately every two weeks. You can also use ready-made forms intended for decorative foliage plants, in accordance with the recommendation on the package.
When fertilizing plantings, it must be remembered that nitrogen enhances the growth of green mass, potash fertilizers stimulates the laying of buds, phosphorus increases the yield of root tubers. Reducing watering a month before the leaves begin to wilt will help to increase the yield of tubers. In this case, nutrients from the leaves are transferred to the tubers, increasing their volume.
Keeping the soil loose is very beneficial for the whole ginger plant. The next day after watering, it is very useful to loosen the soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm.
In September, the ginger tops begin to turn yellow, dry and fall apart in different directions. This serves as a signal that the harvest time is approaching and watering should be shortened and soon stopped. Rhizomes are removed from the soil, shaken off the soil, cut off small roots and dried in the sun for several days.
You need to store the harvested crop at a temperature of at least 2-4 degrees Celsius. As an alternative to the cellar, a refrigerator, a compartment for vegetables, where the harvested crop can be removed in a paper bag, is suitable.
You can grow ginger in a room to get unusual colors. In order to see such a miracle, you need to limit the landing capacity. Lack of potting space stimulates the ginger to bud. A home-grown ginger plant from planting stock purchased from the vegetable section of a supermarket can only bloom two years after planting.
At the beginning of autumn, potted ginger is brought indoors. It is not necessary to dig up root tubers. A plant can live in one pot for several years. In winter, watering is reduced to the limit. You just need to keep the soil slightly moist. With the onset of spring, watering is intensified, fertilizers for flowering plants are added, stimulating the growth of buds.
A home-grown environmentally friendly product can be used both for culinary purposes to prepare a fragrant warming drink from ginger or marinate it for future use, as well as for medical purposes.
Landing in the country
Growing ginger in the country is not particularly difficult if there is one condition - shelter from direct sunlight. If you have a greenhouse or greenhouse - a bountiful ginger crop is guaranteed! If you decide to plant a root in open ground, then build a penumbra shelter.Although ginger is a light-loving plant, it is not used to living under the scorching rays of the sun and will quickly fade.
It is recommended to germinate the root itself at home, and in February-March, depending on weather conditions, plant it in open ground. Stop watering before harvesting in the fall. Thus, the plant begins to actively build additional root system. In addition to the rhizome, ginger leaves can also be eaten. They are perfect for salads and light snacks.