The only edible bromeliad is pineapple. And this plant is widely used for indoor cultivation, because it has a spectacular appearance.
This genus was first described by a European botanist, and this happened back in 1735. The name pineapple comes from the local name for this plant, but it was slightly distorted. This plant comes from Paraguay, Colombia, Brazil, and Venezuela.
This genus unites 8 different species that can be found in natural conditions, and almost half of them are grown in greenhouses.
Often only 2 species are grown in room conditions. These are such as: crested pineapple (Ananas comosus) and bracts pineapple (Ananas bracteatus). Under natural conditions, these plants can reach 100 centimeters in height, and all 200 centimeters in diameter.
Indoor pineapple does not reach this size. So, if he is provided with good care, then he can only grow up to 70 centimeters in height.
Indoor pineapple care
He loves warmth very much, therefore, in both winter and summer, the room where the pineapple is located should not be colder than 16-17 degrees. The plant will grow and develop best if the temperature on the windowsill (where it is located) is maintained at 22-25 degrees year-round.
He loves light very much, therefore, to place it, you must choose a well-lit place. In the autumn-winter period, experts recommend organizing supplementary lighting of the plant. For this, fluorescent lamps are used, and the backlight should last about 8-10 hours.
How to water
In the summer, water should be plentiful, but it should be borne in mind that watering should be carried out only when the soil is completely dry. For irrigation, lukewarm water (30-35 degrees) is used, standing for at least 1 day. From the last autumn weeks until the end of the winter period, watering should be greatly reduced, since at this time the plant only needs a very small amount of water.
And in the warm season, the plant needs regular spraying and it needs a warm shower from time to time.
Acidic (pH 4.0-5.0) and loose earth is suitable. A suitable soil mixture consists of humus, sod land, coarse sand and chopped peat, which must be taken in a ratio of 2: 3: 1: 3. The substrate must be water-permeable and loose. A wide and low flowerpot is suitable for pineapple because its roots are close to the soil surface.
It is necessary to feed in spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks. For this, nitrogen fertilizer is suitable, or rather, a purchased organic fertilizer or mullein infusion.
It is necessary to transplant pineapple only if absolutely necessary, namely, when the root system ceases to fit in the pot. And you should not disturb the plant without an apparent need.
Can be propagated by rooting the top of a ripe fruit or by separating the basal rosettes. The top (sultan) is carefully cut out, wait until it dries a little, and then planted for rooting. Rooting will occur faster (after 2–4 weeks), if the container with the top is placed in a warm place, there must also be regular moistening. Experts also advise to cover the plant on top with a plastic bag cap or a glass jar.
Typically, the pineapple bloom is observed from May to July, but sometimes it can begin to bloom in December. Only adult plants that are 3-4 years old can bloom. Compound fruit is quite compact and similar to a lump. Fruit ripening occurs after 4 or 5 months. A spectacular shortened shoot is formed on top of the fruit, which is also called the sultan. In order to significantly bring the moment of the beginning of flowering closer, you need to put the pot in a bag filled with ripe apples. Fruits give off gas (ethylene), which helps to accelerate flowering.
Growing pineapple at home. Harvesting!
Diseases, pests and possible problems
The tips of the leaves begin to dry - excessively low air humidity. This plant is very fond of moisture, therefore, in the presence of such signs, it is necessary to increase the humidity in the room.
Mold has appeared on the walls of the container and on the ground. - this is due to excessive watering in the winter. Mold should be removed with a napkin, watering should be made more scarce.
There are small light specks on the leaves - this, as a rule, suggests that such pests as false shields have settled on the pineapple. To get rid of them, you need to process the leaves with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Root system rotted - this happens when the pineapple is in a cool and too humid place. Experts recommend trimming the lower part of the trunk to healthy tissue, and root the remaining top.
Pineapple grows extremely slowly - this can be observed when the plant is standing in a cool place (while the temperature of the soil should also be low). Place the plant in a warm place and water it with lukewarm water.
Infection with harmful insects is extremely rare.
Blooming and fruiting pineapples at home
You can also get your own pineapple at home:
- by purchasing one of the miniature ornamental plants from a specialized flower shop, often offered already with a small fruit at the top of the shoot
- self-planting the culture using the apical outlet from the purchased ripe pineapple.
The first method must be recognized as more costly, but also the simplest, since the method of rooting and further growing pineapple from a green cutting at home is a process that involves a number of difficulties and is quite lengthy.
Description of the plant
Pineapple is a terrestrial plant with thorny stems and leaves. It has many adventitious roots that grow in the leaf sinuses, absorbing water that lingers in them. Pineapple leaves are quite wide and fleshy, covered with a special epidermal layer. In them, the plant keeps a supply of moisture. The leaves can be up to 140 centimeters long.
After the complete formation of the leaf rosette, it forms a long peduncle covered with many bisexual flowers. As a result of a two-week flowering, a seed fruit of a golden bright orange color, reminiscent of a pine cone, grows.
Types and varieties of milkweed
The euphorbia family includes many plant species (different data include 800-2000 species). A small number of plants grow outdoors. Most often, the spurge grows and develops beautifully, like an indoor flower.
Surely most people know the most interesting representatives of the euphorbia plant family:
Euphorbia fringed - is an annual plant with a height of 70 cm. When living in natural nature, the plant is distributed along the slopes of the mountains, forms dense thickets. It is named so due to the fact that there is a light border on its large leaves of light green color.
Varieties and varieties of milkweed.
White-veined spurge (white-veined). A fairly common houseplant. In the wild, it can grow up to one and a half meters. It features a ribbed thick barrel. Renewal of long dark green oval leaves with white veins occurs in the upper parts of the trunks, while the lower leaves die off. It blooms with small and inconspicuous flowers.
Euphorbia multiflorous - it belongs to garden perennials. The average plant height is 70 cm. The shape of the bushes is hemispherical. The stem is densely scattered with dense bright green foliage, which has an elongated oval shape. In early May, green-yellow flowers appear.
Triangular spurge (triangular). It is a perennial that can grow up to three meters in indoor conditions. It is distinguished by the presence of a characteristic fleshy triangular stem, the width of which is 5-6 cm. Oval leaves and thorns grow on the serrated ribs. It blooms extremely rarely, but it is propagated by cuttings.
Euphorbia crested - belongs to evergreen shrubs, has a thick ribbed stem. At the top of the plants, leaves are collected, which have an oval elongated shape, their length reaches 20 cm, the root is red-brown. A small peduncle dissolves white and pink flowers.
Euphorbia mile... This plant is also called the "crown of thorns". It is a thorny shrub whose leaves are bright green and elliptical. It blooms with small white, yellow and milky flowers.
Reproduction of indoor pineapples
Despite the status of an elite exotic, pineapples are not at all difficult to propagate on their own. This plant is easy to grow even from seeds harvested from ripe, overripe fruits. But vegetative methods are much more popular - the separation of daughter rosettes and rooting of the apical cutting.
For cuttings in pineapples, use the apical shoot that develops above the seed. The sultan is carefully cut off with a part of the pulp or broken out by twisting it out of the fruit, cleaned of the lower leaves, exposing 2-3 cm of the stem and letting the cut dry for several days.
The apical shoots of pineapple are rooted in wet sand, maintaining a stable temperature from +20 to + 22 ° C. Greenhouse conditions, covering with a cap or foil are required.
Pineapple babies are simply separated during plant transplant. Daughter outlets are separated only when they grow to a height of 15 cm or higher. For rooting, you can use a peat-sandy soil mixture and also cover the kids with a cap or film.
If you already have indoor pineapple growing at home, share your experience of growing it in the comments. It will be interesting to many readers of "Botanichka".