Heart of Gold tomatoes: bountiful harvest with minimal maintenance
What vegetable grower refuses to grow tomatoes on his plot that do not require a lot of maintenance, take up little space, and give a good harvest. There are varieties that grow into a compact bush, tying a lot of fruits, and even an unusually beautiful color. One of them is the Heart of Gold. Gardeners call him a toiler tomato.
The origin of the Golden Heart tomato
The author of the Golden Heart variety is Yuri Panchev, a Russian scientist and head of the research center of NICSSA. The variety was bred in 1999, and after 2 years it was added to the State Register for growing in open ground in all regions. Nevertheless, in the north of the country, these tomatoes are also grown in greenhouses.
Tomatoes Golden Heart have an unusual orange color
Description of the variety
The Golden Heart tomato is a determinant plant, meaning it has limited growth and is intended for outdoor cultivation. The height of the bush is 60–70 cm, the leaves are medium-sized, dark green, the cluster consists of 5–7 fruits. The variety is early ripe: 93–95 days pass from germination to harvest, and 80–85 days in the southern regions. Productivity - up to 7 kg / m². Medium-sized fruits - 90–107 g. They are heart-shaped. The color, even when cut, resembles a ripe persimmon: the skin and pulp are bright orange. This color indicates a high content of beta-carotene (provitamin A) - 3.5%.
Beta carotene is a powerful antioxidant. In the human body, it is synthesized into vitamin A.
Fleshy tomatoes, medium-sized seed chambers. It is a versatile variety: it is used for canning as a whole, as well as for preparing various dishes. The variety is hypoallergenic and excellent for baby food.
Heart of Gold is an early ripe variety with beautiful fruits
Sowing tomatoes for seedlings
A heart of gold is sown in late March - early April. You will need:
- container. For sowing, containers with a depth of 5–7 cm are suitable, for the first pick - with a side height of 10–15 cm, and for the second, large pots or boxes with a height of 20–30 cm are needed;
- land. Buy ready-made potting soil for tomatoes, peppers and eggplants from the store. Be sure to disinfect by warming it up to 100 ⁰C;
- seeds. You can sow without any preparation or pre-hold for 15-20 minutes in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then rinse with clean water.
For sowing tomato seedlings, containers with a depth of 5-7 cm are suitable
The process of planting tomatoes for seedlings:
- Pour soil into a container so that a side 2–3 cm long remains to the top, and pour.
- Spread the seeds at a distance of 2x2 cm.
- Sprinkle on top with a 1 cm layer of earth and tamp lightly.
- Cover the box with glass or plastic and place in a warm place.
Video: how to sow tomatoes for seedlings
3 days after sowing (the latest is 7–10 days), the first shoots may already appear. Once this happens:
- Remove the cover and transfer the box to a bright window.
- Water the seedlings with warm, settled water as the soil dries up. For the very first watering, it is advisable to add potassium permanganate to it to pink color or Fitosporin (5 g of powder per 10 liters of water) to prevent black leg.
- About a week after the entrances, when 1-2 real leaves grow, transplant the tomatoes into a larger box or separate pots. Now each plant needs an area of 5x5 cm.
- If the seedlings are elongated, deepen them to the cotyledonous leaves. Tomatoes tolerate transplanting well: the elongated stem can be positioned at an angle, horizontally or twisted into a spiral. Just keep in mind that in small plants it is still very thin and delicate, so it is better to just deepen it.
- When the tomatoes in the box begin to touch each other with leaves, and the aerial part of the plant in volume exceeds the size of a clod of earth in a pot, it's time to make a second pick. At this time, warm weather is usually already established, and the seedlings can be displayed on a glassed-in balcony, in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
As soon as the first sprouts hatch, transfer the tomato seedlings to the light
- For the entire seedling period (about 60 days) 3-4 times with an interval of 10-14 days, feed with a complex fertilizer for seedlings, for example, Fertika Lux (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). After picking, give the first top dressing no earlier than a week later.
Landing in open ground
You can start landing in open ground only when the threat of frost has passed: in central Russia, this period begins after June 5-7... Do not plant tomatoes for several years in the same area, and do not place them after potatoes, physalis, peppers and eggplant. Best predecessors: cucumbers, zucchini and cabbage.
- Always choose a place that is sunny, not shaded by other crops, trees and fences.
- Spread 1 bucket each of humus or compost and 2 cups of wood ash per 1 m². If there is no humus, buy and use ready-made organic-mineral mixtures for tomatoes according to the instructions: Sudarushka, Gumi-Omi, Agricola, etc.
- Dig up and level the ground.
- Place the bushes of the Golden Heart according to the scheme 40x50 cm, each tie to a peg.
- Keep the soil moist for the first week while the tomatoes are rooting. Mulch made from hay or cut grass will help retain moisture.
- For quick survival, spray the planted seedlings with a stimulant solution, for example, Energena (1 capsule per 1 liter of water).
Tomatoes should be grown in a sunny location
Water the rooted tomatoes 1-2 times a week: the frequency depends on the weather. Pour 2-3 liters of water under each plant to wet the soil to a depth of 30-40 cm, and when the ovaries begin to grow, the rate will need to be increased to 5 liters. Combine watering every 2 weeks with fertilizing with complex fertilizers, for example, BioHumus, which is consumed at the rate of 2 tbsp. 10 liters of water. Loosen the soil after each watering to avoid crusting and cracking.
To solve the problem with watering, a cut plastic bottle, dug down with a spout, which needs to be regularly filled with water, will help.
It is recommended to huddle tomatoes when tubercles appear on the lower part of the stem - the rudiments of adventitious roots. But you can wait for these hillocks all summer, because even without hilling, the Golden Heart gives an excellent harvest. In addition, watering each plant into the hole is more convenient and efficient than into the common furrow, which is formed as a result of hilling.
Video: how to properly spud tomatoes
You need to paint the Golden Heart up to the level of the first brush. Leave all the branches above - a crop will be formed on them. The sooner you remove the lower lateral shoots, the more food will be used for laying the crop. Having cut off the stepsons once, do not hope that they will no longer grow. During the summer, you will have to pinch it 2-3 times: shoots from the lower bud, located near the ground, grow especially actively.
All lateral tomato shoots emerging from the axils of the lower leaves must be removed
The heart of gold is a determinant variety, therefore, it is not necessary to pinch the tops and form a bush, like in indeterminate ones. However, at the end of summer, it is advisable to remove all flowering brushes. They will not have time to give the harvest, but they will draw out juices that could go to pouring the fruits that have already set.
To prevent disease, remove yellowed leaves in contact with the ground. Water only at the root and only in dry summers. The frequency of watering depends on the dryness of the soil. Leaves and flowers can be sprayed during flowering. If boric acid (1 g per 1 liter of water) is added to the water for such spraying, then the yield will be noticeably higher.
In order for the Golden Heart to delight you with the maximum yield, you do not need to leave the tomatoes on the bush until they are fully ripe. Remove the fruits as soon as they have reached their size, the skin turned from matte to glossy, and a blush appeared on the sunny side. For ripening, lay them out on windowsills or in one layer in boxes and boxes. Do not hide tomatoes under a cupboard or other far corner. They need to be checked every day, because in a room with poor ventilation, any wound on the skin can attract midges or mold fungi. The affected fetus can become a hotbed of infection for others.
Tomatoes ripen in a ventilated area at room temperature
Put 3-4 red tomatoes in each box with green tomatoes. They release ethylene, which accelerates maturation.
Golden Heart tomatoes have dense skin, so they can be transported and stored for 1-2 weeks in the refrigerator. Tomatoes are suitable for freezing in slices - they keep their shape after thawing. It is convenient to preserve small fruits whole, and the very first, large and tasty fruits are best eaten fresh.
Video: yellow tomato juice
Tomato Heart of Gold is a godsend for any site. It is especially interesting for gardeners who love tomatoes of an unusual color. The variety requires a minimum of care, for which it generously thanks a rich harvest. ...
Tomato Bovine Heart: a detailed description of the popular variety and cultivation features
The Bull Heart tomato variety is well known to Russian vegetable growers; it is usually grown not only for food, but also for making lecho, adjika, tomato juice and other types of preservation. Ripe Bull's Heart tomatoes are distinguished by excellent taste, they are fleshy and very sweet.
Other qualities of the Oxheart tomato variety, its varieties, the nuances of cultivation, possible diseases and pests will be discussed below, and at the end of the article there are reviews of the Oxheart tomato of those who planted the variety.
Description of the variety
The variety has been in the State Register since 2003. It is approved for cultivation in all regions of the country and is intended equally for cultivation in greenhouses and open field. This is a mid-late variety, in which the first fruits ripen after 130 days from the moment the shoots emerge from the seeds.
This tomato is intended for greenhouse and open field conditions. In regions with hot climates, it is better to grow a "bull heart" outdoors, while in temperate climates the best option is a greenhouse.
Bushes of an indeterminate type, spreading. Indoors they grow up to 180-200 cm, and outdoors up to 120-130 cm. The root is deep, strong. Stems are powerful, with weak pubescence, with large leaves. The leafiness is average. The first fruit cluster on the bush is laid over 8 or 9 leaves. One brush contains up to 5 tomatoes. If the bush is grown in one stem, then no more than 10 brushes are left on it.
Today there are the following varieties of the variety:
- “Golden bull heart” - yellow cone-shaped fruits. Average weight of tomatoes from 400 to 750 g
- “Bovine pink heart” - the color of the fruit is deep pink. Their weight is about 1 kg. Tomatoes ripen a little later than other varieties. The most demanded variety of the variety
- "Bovine heart is white" - the fruits are white, slightly yellowish. Weight up to 900 g. The fruiting period is long, ending immediately after the onset of the first frost
- "Orange bovine heart" - tomatoes of a rich orange color, weighing up to 1 kg. Plants are able to put up with a lack of moisture for some time.
- “Black bull heart” - the color of the fruit is dark burgundy brown. Their weight is up to 700 g. The tomato is late ripening. Its peculiarity is not only in color, but also in the fact that the fruits on all brushes ripen almost simultaneously.
Bovine heart varieties are grown through seedlings in all regions.
- Tomatoes are heart-shaped, ribbing is clearly visible throughout the fruit.
- In the open field, the bushes give tomatoes an average of 120-150 g, in the greenhouse - up to 300 g.
- Ripe vegetables are colored orange-yellow.
- The skin is dense, does not crack.
- The pulp is fleshy, juicy, tender.
- Inside 4-6 seed chambers with few seeds.
- The pulp contains a large amount of carotene.
- They have good sharpness.
- They are resistant to transportation, while not losing their marketability and taste.
Important! Tomatoes of this variety can be plucked from the bushes in an immature state, as they ripen perfectly outside the bush at room temperature.
Next you can see photo of tomato variety Golden Heart on the bush and cut.
Excellent tomato - Golden heart: description of the variety and features of its cultivation
Farmers have always enjoyed fame and love for the heart-shaped line of tomatoes. The Golden Heart variety has become a favorite of many gardeners. Its undeniable bonuses include productivity and amazing taste.
|Height||Pick-up location||Ripening terms||Fruit color||Fruit size||Origin||Fruit shape|
|Medium-sized||Greenhouse, Open ground||Mid-season||Orange||Middle||Variety||Heart-shaped|
Description and characteristics of the variety
It is part of the line of yielding groups, it is distinguished by its resistance to hot and cool weather. Leafiness and bushiness are moderately expressed.
Tomato The golden heart "Sedek" forms 5-7 tomatoes on fruitful clusters. In total, up to 8 clusters with fruits are formed on 1 plant.
Characteristics of the fruit of the tomato Golden Heart "Siberian Garden":
- average weight 150 g, large specimens weigh up to 300 g
- elongated, longitudinal shape
- moderate ribbing at the peduncle
- seed chambers 4, few seeds
- the pulp contains a lot of meat, sugar
- high carotene levels
- sweetish taste with mild sourness.
The origin of the tomato
The tomato is a successful result of Russian breeding. Created in 1999 by the leading agricultural biotechnologist Panchev. Registered in 2001 in the State Register.
Advantages and disadvantages
- excellent taste
- amicable maturation
- high productivity
- endurance to adverse factors
- pathogen resistance
- uncomplicated cultivation.
- the need for a garter, feeding.
From 1 m2 10-12 kg are harvested, from 1 bush the yield is 4-5 kg.
Features of growing and storage
The Golden Heart variety is intended for planting in open areas, as well as in greenhouses and greenhouses. Grown traditionally - through seedlings.
The beds are chosen in well-lit places, the best predecessors for tomatoes are green manure crops, beans, carrots, beets. Solanaceae are a highly undesirable option.
The pits are fertilized with:
- 1 handful of compost
- 1 handful of rotted humus
- 10 g superphosphate
- 1 tbsp wood ash.
To achieve maximum yields, follow simple rules:
- watered moderately 2 times a week, the water rate is 7 liters
- make top dressing in the form of bionastoy, 1:10 diluted mullein or poultry droppings
- form in 2-3 shoots
- stepchildren once every 10-12 days
- mulch with straw or hay, a layer of at least 8 cm.
Planting and leaving
- 1% saline for rejection
- 1% potassium permanganate for disinfection
- "Kornevin" for better germination.
The soil mixture is made up of the following components:
- leaf turf 2 parts
- peat 1 part
- sand 1 part
- rotted humus or silt 1 part.
For 10 kg add 30 g of superphosphate and 1 glass of ash.
How to grow strong seedlings:
- maintain a temperature regime of 20-22 degrees
- poured through a spray bottle with warm water
- harden for 1 week
- make 2 times "Kemira-wagon".
We invite readers to watch a video on the topic of the article:
Graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. His main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and various interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, experience in truck farming, gardening, mushroom growing, as well as fiddling with pets and poultry). Freelancer, perfectionist and "bore" in relation to his duties. Hand-made lover, creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads.A passionate admirer of the printed word and an anxious observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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