Prune spring-flowering shrubs
Bridal spirea, gin, forsythia, cherry dogwood, pearl bush and more, all bloom very early. To avoid ruffled bushes and get nice dense flowers, you can prune them when they have bloomed.
Then they have time to form new flowering shoots for next spring. If you thin the bushes in early spring, you also cut off large shoots that are just about to bloom and then a lot of flower splendor disappears. Also lilac thinned after flowering.
Note! Do not thin shrubs and trees of the cherry genus now. Then they can lose so much sap that they die. Wait until July-September (JAS).
When to prune a rose quince
Flowering quince trees provide gardens with ornamental interest, due to their spring blooms but also provide practical use in the form of privacy hedges and striped shrubs. Gardeners growing quilts for foliage rather than flowers prune their trees during all seasons without harming the plants. Those interested in flowers prune their flowering quince plants immediately after the flowers fade, but before the first shoot flush develops
Flowering quince, (Chaenomeles speciosa) produces flowers on the previous year's growth -. Also called old wood. Clear your rose quince when the flowers fall. New growth blooms after pruning and buds as for next year. Avoid cutting new shoot growth, as this will result in limited, if any, flowers the following year.
Wear gloves when pruning your rose quince as its branches are prickly. Cut up any sick or dead branches. Assess the plant and remove unshapely growth. Gardener removes old wood first, cutting it back to ground level. Only remove up to a third of the plant's growth. Cut more than a third place next year's flowering quince blooms in the risk zone.
Flowering quince grows to heights up to 10 meters and often takes the form of a twiggy medium-sized shrub. Prune the rose quince in a tree-like shape by choosing a straight, upward-leading leader to encourage lateral branch growth. Trim back low-lying branches. Hedges and shrubs benefit from thinning out old growth. This practice encourages new growth within the bush center. New growth in a hedge's center results in a healthy, light look instead of a dense appearance.
Save neglected shrubs with renewal pruning, where the plant is a technique of sharp cutting down over a period of time. Difficult to prune rose quince before spring growth begins. Once the flowers have faded, the stems cut back to 6 to 12 inches from ground level. New shoots appear and grow during midsummer during which time gardeners shape their hedges. Cut back the side branches until you achieve a compact appearance. Timing is important. Plants experience stress when undergoing winter and fall pruning.
Flowering quince produces apricot, cream, white and red flowers. Choose a variety that suits your landscape. Texas scarlet is a red variety and Nivalis produces white flowers. Gardeners interested in small, compact specimens have grown Japanese quince (Chaenomeles japonica), which is similar in appearance but reaches only 3 meters.
Prune spring-flowering shrubs - garden
Shrubs can fulfill a wide range of functions in the garden. Some are grown primarily for their beautiful flowers, leaves, bark or fruits, while others are used to protect gardens and patios from both wind and visibility. There is also a long line of shrubs that are both beautiful and practical so you can get the best of both worlds. Why not use beautiful flowering shrubs to create spaces and boundaries within the garden? Or plant a shrub outside the kitchen window whose delicate berries attract both birds and squirrels during the fall and winter? If you have a house that looks a bit angular and hard, shrubs are a great way to soften the shapes and make the architecture look more appealing.
lilac is a classic Swedish garden plant that thrives in almost the entire country.
What then is a bush? A shrub is a perennial plant with woody stems that branch out from the base. Most shrubs do not grow taller than 5-6 meters, and many grow significantly lower than that. In the Swedish gardens, some of the most common shrubs are rosehip, spirean and forsythian. Even in nature, you come across many different types of shrubs, such as the juniper and the shrub. A shrub where only the lower parts of the branches are wooded is called a half-shrub. From the wooded parts shoot the half-bush shoots that are one or two years old. Many half-shrubs are popular garden plants, such as raspberries. Dwarf shrubs that never grow taller than one meter are usually called rice, such as blueberry rice, cranberry rice and heather. Rice can be used as a ground cover and is especially popular on forest plots.
Shrubs are often used to create hedges, both cut and free-growing. If you want a cut hedge, it is important to choose a shrub that can be cut, such as yew, boxwood or privet. This type of shrub also looks great as shaped solitaires. During certain periods of history, strictly cut hedges and solitaires have been extremely popular, for example in 18th century France when they were used to create everything from artistically designed statues to intricate garden labyrinths. For shape cutting, you usually choose shrubs that develop many small and close-fitting leafy branches that give a really compact foliage.
Rhododendron is in love with another popular plant that thrives in southern Sweden.
If you instead want a free-growing hedge in your garden, you can choose shrubs such as lilac or bridal spirea. Consider the maximum height varies greatly between different shrubs. Even a free-growing hedge can feel good from pruning. Some can be renewed and refreshed by cutting the entire bush to a height of a few decimetres, while others feel best if you only cut off dead and damaged branches. Always find out information about the exact species or variety you want to grow so that you do not accidentally destroy it by pruning incorrectly.
If you want to cheer up a wall or wall, you can plant climbing shrubs against it. There are many shrubs that have developed special climbing organs to be able to get up even on completely vertical surfaces, such as ivy and wild wine, both of which are a common sight on tall brick buildings. There are also plenty of shrubs that meander around the supports that are at hand, such as the lovely-smelling honeysuckle.
When should you prune?
The basic rule is that most prosperous trees and shrubs can be pruned almost at any time of the year with the exception of spring, when they grow the most. Pruning in the spring and winter makes it much easier to prune when the shape of the tree crown is clearly visible without the foliage.
In order not to miss the flowering on spring-flowering shrubs, these are best pruned after flowering. Shrubs that bloom later in summer and autumn are pruned in spring. When you have pruned your plants in the spring, it is good to give them some new soil and fertilizer at the same time so they get a good start to the new season.
The JAS period, July, August, September, is another excellent time for pruning. Then you can take the opportunity to prune the plants that are a little more sensitive, such as birch, maple, walnut, mulberry, hornbeam, vine and fruit trees such as cherries and plums. Remember to choose a dry and sunny day for pruning, rain and moisture increases the risk of fungal infections.
The right tool
- It is important to have the right tools when pruning! Both for the sake of the tree and for your own sake. Secateurs are available, for example, in all possible and impossible colors and shapes. Choose one that really fits your hand! It can be unnecessarily laborious to prune with a secateurs of the wrong size. Maybe you need more secateurs that fit into the hands of different family members? A good complement to the secateurs is a pruning shears, it easily cuts thicker branches with fine cuts.
- Also think about the weight of the tool. In the long run, it becomes tiring to work with an overly heavy hedge or branch shears. An electric hedge trimmer may make the job both faster and more comfortable if you have a long hedge to prune. Avoid using a carpenter's saw, a so-called joint tail when pruning! It wedges itself much easier than a real jigsaw.
- Keep in mind that when you prune trees with dull tools, the tree's wounds will not be as sharp. This causes the bark to be crushed around the cut surface and it causes the tree or shrub to heal more slowly after pruning. If you instead use a sharp secateurs with a movable abutment, the branch is cut off with a clean cut and the tree heals much faster.
Make a pruning plan
Tree pruning can easily go wrong if you are too careful and do not dare to prune away enough, or if you cut back the tree too hard. If you are thinking about what to do, you can use the digital camera and photograph the tree from different angles. Then you "crop" the tree in the computer or print the image on a piece of paper and "crop" it with a pen (or scissors). That way, you can try it out before you start pruning the tree itself with a secateurs or saw.