11 groundcover plants that bloom all summer
Ground cover plants are often used to decorate the suburban area. They are virtually maintenance-free and grow quickly to create a bright and incredibly lush carpet. Low-growing plants prevent the development of water and wind erosion of the soil, enrich it with oxygen and help get rid of weeds.
This profusely blooming perennial completely covers the growing area with delicate white flowers. It is unassuming, does not require maintenance and feeding, and grows quite quickly. Winters well, is not afraid of drought, loves sunlight. If you remove the wilted inflorescences, the chrysalis will bloom again.
A low-growing perennial, not exceeding 15 cm in height, in the season is covered with small bright flowers. Often used to create alpine slides and rock gardens, Aubrietta is frost-resistant and prefers light and moderate watering. During the summer, the plant blooms again if it is cut. Pruning helps shape and stimulates long-lasting flowering.
Due to its unusual appearance, the succulent received a second name - a stone rose. They decorate flower beds, alpine slides and borders. The plant is distinguished by abundant and long flowering. However, each rosette blooms only once, and then dies off. In its place, several new rosettes grow from the axils of the leaves. Best of all, rejuvenated blooms in stressful conditions, for example, in crowded conditions.
Succulent undemanding to growing conditions and humidity. It grows even on rocky soils, but loves the sun, it will not bloom in the shade. Sedum remains green all winter, and in spring it is painted again with bright colors. It produces small inflorescences decorated with golden bright flowers that last until September. It is considered an excellent honey plant.
This is a plant with beautiful small flowers and original foliage. Serves to decorate the soil and flower beds. The plant has the form of pillow-shaped bushes, very low, up to 5 cm in height, which emit long peduncles. Provide the saxifrage with partial shade and adequate moisture and it will reward you with wonderful long-lasting blooms.
Thyme is a spice known to many. It is added to tea, meat and fish dishes. However, the fragrant herb has found application not only in cooking, but also in landscape design. Garden paths, rocky gardens and resting places are decorated with plantings. The plant is frost-resistant, unpretentious, loves the sun. Pruning is necessary to preserve the culture. No need for shelter for the winter.
An original perennial that grows rapidly throughout the territory. Differs in a wide color palette of petals. Delicate flowers look great both in single and in group plantings, which is why gardeners love carnations. The plant is resistant to cold temperatures and adverse weather conditions. It can grow both in partial shade and on poor soils.
A low-growing shrub with a height of only 15 cm. It takes its name from the long narrow leaves that resemble an awl. Peduncles with 1-2 buds are formed on creeping shoots. The flowers are small, white, pink or purple in color. The plant is found naturally even on rocky and sandy soils. Flowering is profuse and long lasting. Phlox loves a lot of light and cannot stand waterlogging.
An interesting perennial plant that looks like an ordinary strawberry. But, unlike her, the ducheneu has yellow bright flowers and rounded berries that grow upward, and do not droop. Dushenei fruits can be eaten, but they do not have a sweet taste and are more a decoration. In one area, the culture can grow for many years. It does not require special care and tolerates winters well, grows successfully in the shade and on poor soils.
Thanks to its unusual soft leaves, the culture is actively used as a flower bed decoration. It is because of the foliage that the plant got the name "sheep ears". The decorative flower loves sunlight, does not tolerate cold weather, while growing even on stony poor soils. Blooms from May to August. The inflorescences are tall, usually purple or lilac. However, now many species of chitose have been bred, which differ in decorative flowering, shape and color.
A perennial is able to take root in the most unexpected places. It is unpretentious, quickly covers the allotted area. Where there is a tenaciousness, weeds have nowhere to grow. Therefore, it is often grown as a ground cover in flower beds, under trees and in rocky gardens. The flowers are usually blue or yellow. The culture blooms all summer.
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Plants for hanging pots in the garden. How to choose and plant
Thinking about how to decorate your garden plot with flowering plants, gardeners are always interested in how best to do this, looking for new ideas on the Internet.
In recent decades, it has become fashionable to decorate the garden with flower pots with flowering plants. The main advantages of such decorations include: the ability to hang them anywhere in the garden, they do not take up space on the site, which is especially topical if the garden is small, such pots with lush flowering plants look decorative.
But in order for them to actively bloom and look beautiful, you need not only to organize proper care, but also to choose suitable flowering plants for the pots.
Peculiarities of the yarn
The lamb is very fast growing, which makes it very similar to a simple weed. The maximum height of such a plant is about 0.25 m. Its root system is fibrous, therefore it can very quickly fill a vast area, decorating it with its branchy stems. The dark green, heart-shaped leaf plates have a serrated edge. In the center of the leaves, soft veins are clearly visible, in some cases the plate is decorated with spots.
Peduncles grow from internodes, while in length they can reach about 0.3 m. They are overgrown with small leaf plates and flowers. Flowers can be painted in different colors, they are double-lipped corollas. In the center of each flower there are thin stamens with violet-black anthers. Flowers are collected in whorls. After the whorl withers, a seed pod is formed at this place, and in it there are three-sided nuts. This seed pod is the fruit of the lamb. When the fruits are fully ripe, the seeds spill out of them, thanks to which the plant reproduces well by self-sowing. Lamb blooms for a very long time for several months. The first flower buds are formed in the last spring weeks, and the beginning of the formation of fruits occurs at the end of June.
Groundcover perennials: what to plant in the shade
It is clear that one and only species cannot be dispensed with. Planting together will add another limitation: perennials should not interfere with each other when they grow. But even if all these requirements are taken into account, you can find many plants for beautiful and sustainable ground cover plantings under trees and shrubs. Let's divide them into conditional groups: according to the shape and texture of the foliage. It is convenient to combine perennials from different groups in one composition - such combinations will always be expressive due to contrast.
It is important to create good starting conditions for such landings. The soil must be free of rhizome weeds (runny, wheatgrass), the planting material is of good quality. In the year of planting, care will be needed: watering, weeding, possibly feeding.
Horny Goat Weed gracefully blooms in May with ruby flowers of the original form. Neat curtains in spring and early summer adorn bright young leaves. Variety 'Lilafee' Horny Goat Weed has also shown itself to be reliable and consistently blooming. Less common is a similar growth pattern vancouveria six-chained... White flowers adorn low graceful curtains in early summer. Flowering is not as abundant as in mountain goats, but the ground cover is quite stable and very attractive due to the delicate greenery and the original shape of the leaves. A beautiful carpet of carved fragrant leaves can quickly create geranium large rhizome... Perhaps this is one of the most unpretentious species, also drought-resistant. It blooms in June, there are varieties with pink, crimson, white flowers. It blooms weaker with strong shading.
Certainly ephemeroid tuberous corydalisblooming in early spring, we will also include in our ensemble. But for our purpose, rhizome species are more suitable. Corydalis yellowand I and sulfur yellow have beautiful openwork foliage. Their neat curtains are decorated with small graceful flowers all season. Luminous pure blue color of numerous inflorescences Corydalis sinuous, high and their hybrids will not leave anyone indifferent. However, they are quite capricious. Corydalis nobleon the contrary, it is easy to cultivate, blooms from the end of May for at least two weeks. In shaded areas with sufficiently moist soils, it retains openwork leaves throughout the season. Effective in large arrays and is most suitable for large areas.
The most unpretentious of dicenter – exceptional- blooms all summer with pink-lilac hearts, leaves are thinly dissected, glaucous. One "but": it does not tolerate moisture stagnation. Openwork cover is created by low ferns with creeping rhizome: holokuchniki oak and Roberta... They are durable and unpretentious; natural leaf litter is quite enough for the successful growth of the curtain. More hygrophilous forest telipteris: he has "curly" and light fronds. For fast growth maidenhair foot there is no need to count - an adult curtain can reach 1 m in diameter, but for this it will take at least 10 years. Common ostrich is able to quickly create thickets with a height of 1.5 m on dense moisture-consuming soils. It should not be used next to young tree plantings - the ostrich can strangle them in its arms. Dwarf variety 'Erosa'has less root volume and is better suited for small areas. On dry, poor soils in the shade and partial shade, ostriches develop successfully, but they form less dense and powerful clumps.
Satin and silk
Dense, stable clumps of broad, shiny leaves give smilacinsand miners... Flowers in all species are white, collected in medium-sized elegant inflorescences, appear at the end of May. Plants are unpretentious and winter-hardy. Similar to miniks in terms of growth, spectacularly blooming bought- clumps grow to the sides with the help of a branched rhizome located in the upper layer of the soil. Besides bought multi-flowered, changeable and other tall species of interest, especially for small areas, is a dwarf buy low.
Disporum smilacin and woollycannot boast of spectacular flowering, but if the first autumn frosts usually pass your garden, then the curtain decorated with straw-yellow leaves will be decorative in a new way. At this time, the fruits are clearly visible - shiny berries: black in the smilacin dysporum and red in the woolly one.
Perennials with dense leathery and, as a rule, wintering leaves are especially valuable because they are decorative from snow to snow. Recently, numerous varieties of popular badanov... Their rhizome is located superficially, so that a very small layer of nutrient soil is enough for badans. It is worth considering that with strong shading, they bloom weaker. But liverwortwill delight you with abundant flowering and in the shade. For
our goal is best suited liverwort noble... In perennial plantings, it is quite possible to count on a stable increase in the occupied area with the help of self-seeding - the ants willingly take away the seeds. Terry forms of liverwort do not tie seeds.
Self-seeding helps to spread and round-leaved saxifrage... Its neat bushes, crowned in June with a cloud of small white flowers on high peduncles, are appropriate everywhere, they easily get along near or even inside the clumps of neighbors. Saxifrage shadow grows into the ground cover, blooms also in June, the delicate inflorescences are especially graceful in contrast to the dense leathery leaves. The variegated form grows faster, but has a rather "garden" look, not suitable for natural-style plantings.
European hoof it is durable, shade-loving and unpretentious, in addition it has winter-green leaves of the original shape - they look like a hoof track. Helleboresbloom early, immediately after the snow melts. Among the stably blooming, stable and durable in our climate - Eastern hellebores and the black... They develop better on nutritious non-acidic soils. The curtain grows rather slowly, but from the age of 5-6 the plants give abundant self-seeding. Second-year seedlings can be carefully planted in the spring. The dense, leathery leaves don't always look good after wintering, but the plants will not be affected at all if they are cut off.
The non-aggressive nature of growth is characteristic speckled... It has varieties with silvery or golden leaves that bloom in June with purple, pink or white flowers. Zelenchuk yellow undemanding and much more active. Suitable only for large areas where it will quickly create a ground cover. Leaves with a silver pattern, flowers are light yellow. Sugar lungwort slowly builds up a curtain, leaves are soft, with silver spots. For our purposes, the natural species and old varieties close to it are suitable (for example, 'Spilled milk'). Grows rapidly and actively reproduces by self-seeding dark geranium... Moreover, varieties with patterned leaves ('Samobor ',' Pannonia') repeat varietal characteristics well during self-sowing and grow well in partial shade.
Planting and leaving
Ground cover plants remain in one place for several years, so the substrate must be carefully prepared:
- First, the soil is dug up, weeds and debris are removed.
- The topsoil is mixed with compost or other fermented organic fertilizers (the last treatment is best done in autumn).
- If the soil is too compacted, it is dug up, adding deoxidized peat, and if it is very sandy, with clay.
Landing different types
The planting density of the cover plants depends on the strength of their growth, so you need to choose such an interval to obtain a dense carpet in 2-3 years.
Before planting plants, you should plan how much area they will occupy and calculate how many seedlings you need to buy. For example:
Spring-flowering ground covers are accepted throughout the growing season, provided that they are purchased in containers with a closed root system. If they are transplanted from another flower bed, it is better to do this in early spring, before flowering or at the end of summer.
The soil around the planted plants should be mulched with bark - this helps maintain moisture and limits the development of weeds.
Until the plants cover the entire surface, you need to apply fertilizer (for example, Multifoska, Agrofoska), simply spray the soil 2-3 times in the spring at the dose recommended on the package (usually 5-15 g / 1 m²). When a dense carpet forms, it is best to feed the plants with diluted liquid nutrient formulations (eg Liquid Fructus) or a mineral fertilizer solution (eg Agrecol Garden Universal, Magic Strength for Garden).
Ground covers do not require special care, except for watering in the dry season.Some species (such as chrysalis) look better when the wilted buds are trimmed off.
After 4-5 years, the flower carpet begins to age. Plants in the central part die. At the end of August, old bushes need to be dug up and divided into small ones. The healthiest ones are chosen for transplantation. Seedlings are usually dug immediately after flowering or in the second half of August, and then rooted in boxes of sand, placed in a semi-shady place. For the winter, these boxes are carefully covered.
How to properly grow low-growing perennials
Like all perennials, dwarf flowers do not need any special care. However, in order to provide your garden with spectacular healthy flowers, the owner will have to sweat a little by performing the following actions:
- Remove dried flowers in a timely manner so that they do not take away the strength from the entire plant.
- Shield the soil with stones or plastic (metal) plates to prevent overgrowth of roots.
- Planting flowers is not continuous to the border or the edge of the flower bed, but at some distance. It is necessary to take into account the high growth rate of perennials.
- Using a drip irrigation system is more convenient to control the supply of water and fertilizers.
- Cover perennials for the winter using spruce branches or synthetic "breathing" materials.
- Select perennials so that the flower bed delights with flowering from early spring to late autumn.
Each photo of a low-growing perennial increasingly confirms the uniqueness and showiness of these plants. In order for the beauty of perennials to appear especially brightly, these flowers do not need to be planted one by one - they look great in dense group plantings.
Use in landscape design
Unpretentious ground cover roses, thanks to long and lush bloom, will decorate any garden. A properly designed scheme for planting roses and their accompanying flowers will help create a unique landscape.
Creeping roses are used to create colored spots on a green lawn, and as a potted culture, they form picturesque cascades dotted with flowers.
The slopes covered with a flower carpet formed by ground cover roses look very picturesque.
Creeping roses also found their place on the alpine hills, creating a unique landscape with a combination of delicate flowers and rough stone.
Tall varieties with long flexible shoots become soloists in the floral ensemble, emphasizing the sophistication of the landscape.
Fragrant curbs, hedges of ground cover roses will effectively divide the site into different zones.
Some types of roses with long shoots are suitable for decorating gazebos or gates, forming tall bushes, densely strewn with flowers.
For almost any landscape, you can pick up ground cover roses, which, in addition to the decorative function, will serve to improve the condition of the soil and hide defects.
How to root any rose, see the video below.