Detailed description of the queen strawberry variety
Strawberries, or garden strawberries as they are called in another way, are very popular among gardeners all over the planet. The Tsaritsa strawberry variety is distinguished by its unpretentiousness in care and living conditions, in addition, such berries can boast of a large size and excellent taste.
Description of the queen strawberry variety
Let's start with a description of the berry. The Tsaritsa garden strawberry variety was bred in Russia, professor and breeding specialist S.D. Aytzhanova. The plant was born by crossing the Venta and Red Gotlenta strawberries. The learned plant boasts a good survival rate in various conditions. Small bushes are not afraid of frost, drought, heat, most common diseases and pests.
In appearance, the Queen is a low, compact bushes, consisting of medium-sized dark green leaves, which lack the pubescence characteristic of the culture. Antennae are reddish, covered with fine hairs. The flowers are large enough, white, bisexual, appear on the bushes in small numbers.
Fruiting of the variety occurs at a later date, so it will be possible to pick ripe berries only at the end of June. For many gardeners, this quality plays an important role, because when other bushes stop yielding their crops, the Queen will only begin to delight everyone with delicious fruits.
Up to 13 tons of crops can be harvested from one hectare of planting. Berries of medium size (40-50 grams) have a regular conical shape, widened at the base. Strawberries look very appetizing because they have a bright, red color.
The fruits are smooth on the outside, but dense and very juicy inside. They have a sweet and sour taste and a bright aroma strongly reminiscent of the smell of wild strawberries. The resulting crop lends itself well to transportation and storage. Berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for various preparations.
The queen lays the buds for the next harvest in late summer, early spring, when the intense heat subsides and the daylight hours will be less than 12 hours.
Region of natural growth
The queen was bred taking into account the harsh Russian climate, which is why this variety is not afraid of frosty winters and tolerates various temperature extremes well. It can be grown both in the south and in the north.
Small bushes are not afraid of summer heat and drought. In winter, under the snow cover, they are able to withstand frosts down to -40 degrees. Without shelter, this mark is significantly reduced (to -20 degrees), so if the winter is given out with little snow, it is better to additionally cover the plant.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of the variety:
- the berries are large, juicy and very tasty, the tasting score is 4.8 points;
- fruits are universal, suitable for various types of use;
- strawberries tolerate transportation well and are stored for a long time;
- unpretentious to care and growing conditions;
- the variety has high frost resistance and easily tolerates drought;
- the shrub is not afraid of diseases and pests;
- is able to bear fruit abundantly for 4-5 years.
- although the plant is not afraid of cold weather, it can die with insufficient snow cover, so you must definitely monitor this indicator;
- yields are at an average level, so using the variety for industrial scale will not bring the desired results.
Planting and leaving
Before planting a plant, it is necessary to pick up healthy seedlings, from which strong fruit-bearing bushes can grow in the future. Experienced gardeners recommend paying attention to the fact that there are at least 4 healthy leaves on the strawberry, and the length of the roots is at least 10 centimeters.
Seedlings with a closed root system, purchased in a container, take root best.
In order for the Queen to feel comfortable, it is necessary to provide her with all the necessary conditions, which include:
- the landing site should be flat and well lit;
- good air circulation is encouraged;
- tall plants, shrubs and trees, as well as nightshade crops should not be located in the neighborhood;
- the soil should be well-drained, light and fertile; loam is well suited for such purposes.
It is recommended to plant the Queen in the beds in the spring., namely in mid-April. This is due to the fact that during autumn planting, the root system of seedlings will not have time to get stronger before the onset of cold weather. In order to prepare fertile soil, in the fall, six months before planting strawberries, the soil is dug up and the following fertilizers are applied to 1 square meter:
- 2 buckets of mullein or humus;
- 30 grams of wood ash;
- 50 grams of urea.
There are two popular planting methods:
- Tape - for this you need to dig grooves 15 centimeters deep and 40 centimeters wide. Separate bushes are located at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other;
- When planting seedlings in the hole, the same parameters are preserved, the only difference is that each bushes are planted in a separate hole.
The central kidney should be a few centimeters above the ground.
The last step will be abundant watering and mulching of the plantings.
Basic rules for caring for berries
In order for the plant to bring a good harvest, it needs proper and high-quality care, which consists of many nuances.
Watering the strawberries should be abundant, but not excessive. During flowering, setting and ripening of fruits, the soil is moistened once every 10-12 days, using 2-3 buckets of water per bush. The rest of the time, the amount of watering is reduced to 1 time in 3 weeks.
After each watering, it is recommended to additionally mulch the plantings with peat, straw or dry leaves. Also, do not forget about weeding, loosening and timely removal of excess mustache.
The fertilization scheme is as follows:
- In the spring, the beds are cleared and nitrogen and mineral fertilizers are applied, which include ash and urea;
- During flowering, the formation of ovaries is applied to the soil with potash fertilizers, iron or manganese;
- In the fall, 1 bucket of humus or half a bucket of peat mixed with the same amount of sawdust is introduced per square meter. Mineral fertilizers can be added to the fertile mixture.
During preparation for winter, in no case should the entire green part of the plant be removed, only diseased and dried leaves should be pruned.
For additional protection in winter, plantings are covered with spruce branches or agrofibre.
Reproduction of the Queen with the help of seeds is extremely rarely successful, because the resulting plants do not retain the main characteristics of the mother plant, become less resistant, and the berries lose their taste and size. In order to get seedlings from seeds, perform the following steps:
- 2-3 months before planting, the seeds are washed, dried and laid out in a container with sand, after which they are sprinkled with a thin layer of soil;
- the main care will be timely watering.
The most popular vegetative propagation method will be the use of whiskers, that is, the shoots that appear in adult plants.
- First, the healthiest mustache is chosen, the rest are removed;
- The first rosette is buried in the ground, and it is looked after like a seedling;
- As soon as the core is formed and 3-4 leaf rosettes of the plant can be divided.
This method will help preserve all the positive qualities and will not harm an adult plant.
Another method is that an adult, spreading plant is dug out of the ground and divided into several parts, each of which must have several leaf rosettes and developed roots. The resulting bushes are planted as separate plants.
The queen is considered an unpretentious variety with good yields, but when growing such a plant, several nuances should be taken into account:
- In rainy and cloudy weather, the number of irrigations must be reduced in order to avoid stagnant moisture and decay of the root system;
- With high-quality fertilization of the ridges before planting, the first fertilizing can be applied only in the third year of the plant's life;
- The berries ripen unevenly, so it is necessary to carefully examine all the bushes and collect only ripe fruits;
- Experienced gardeners recommend harvesting after the dew has melted;
- With the age of the bush, the berries begin to shrink, so the plantings are renewed every 4-5 years.
Diseases and pests
The Tsaritsa variety is not susceptible to the appearance of various kinds of diseases, but pests can easily settle on such a plant. The most dangerous are the larvae of the May beetle and the wireworm, against which the spilling of soil with an ammonia solution helps well.
You can ward off insects with the help of alkaloid lupine, which is placed nearby.
Also, a transparent strawberry mite can cause significant damage, which can be eliminated with the help of karbofos or special insecticides.
As a preventive measure, you need to follow all the rules for caring for strawberries and carry out regular treatments with Brodsky liquid or soapy water.
The Queen is a very worthy strawberry variety, popular throughout Russia. Its main advantages will be the excellent taste of berries and unpretentiousness to climatic conditions, thanks to which the plant can be grown even in the northern regions.
Description of the Tsaritsa strawberry variety, reviews of summer residents, photos
Garden strawberries are a thermophilic culture. Most varieties grown in open ground in all regions, except for the southern ones, need to be carefully covered for the winter, and in the spring, flower buds should be protected from recurrent frosts. Against their background, the Tsaritsa strawberry stands out favorably - according to the description of the variety, reviews of gardeners, the photo she perfectly tolerates the Russian climate and has excellent consumer qualities.
- Characteristics of the variety
- Description of the plant
- Fruit characteristics
- Fruiting, productivity
- Resistance to adverse factors, pests, diseases
- Pros and cons
- Fundamentals of agricultural technology
About the history of the variety
The Tsaritsa strawberry variety was bred in the Bryansk region as a result of mixing two varieties of culture - Red Gauntlet and Venta. The varieties for crossing were selected according to the characteristics: high frost resistance, even fruits, the possibility of long-term storage.
The variety obtained during the work of the breeder Svetlana Aitzhanova was registered in the State Register in 2009. The official record was preceded by all kinds of tests. As a result, the culture was recorded as "mid-season garden strawberries of universal significance."
Origin and zoning of the variety
"Tsarina" is considered to be one of the achievements of modern Russian selection. A team of specialists headed by Professor S. D. Aitzhanova worked on its creation at the Kokinsky support point of the VSTISP in the Bryansk region. The variety was obtained by crossing popular predecessors: the high-yielding Lithuanian Venta (combining the best qualities of Zenga Zengana and Festivalnaya) and the winter-hardy Red Gauntlet. Since 2002, "Tsaritsa" has been undergoing state variety trials and seven years later, in 2009, it was officially registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation by the originator of VSTISP as approved for cultivation in the Central Region. Experts note that the variety is also well suited for the north-western regions and the entire central zone of Russia, the Urals and Siberia, the territories of Ukraine and Belarus.
The effect of drought is also manifested in the fact that after picking strawberries, an insignificant amount of leaves is formed on the plants, the old ones at this time are in the phase of withering away, and sharply reduce photosynthetic activity.
The largest losses from drought are in the flowering and fruiting phases of strawberries. In the first of them, the duration of flowering is reduced, the number of berry pickings is reduced. The berries ripen faster, and a significant number of berries end prematurely during severe drought. Their commercial qualities deteriorate and the overall productivity of the plantation decreases.
Drought negatively affects the development of the leaf apparatus of strawberries, primarily in the second wave of growth, after the end of the harvest. Dry winds are very harmful to strawberry plantations. The so-called refreshing field has a positive effect on the restoration of the work of the leaf apparatus. They are carried out with a small amount of water, spraying or scattering.
Having prepared the place, and having purchased or dug up the seedlings, you can start the planting process. To do this, it is necessary to dig depressions at a distance of 50 cm from each other. This distance will allow the bush to grow freely and receive enough sunlight. Water each hole. Before planting, the root system of the Queen's strawberry is shortened so that the total length does not exceed 8 cm. A mound is made at the bottom of the recess, and a seedling is placed on top.
The roots should lie freely in the holes, located on the sides of the mound. During the burying of the root system, it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not fall into the center of the outlet, as it can close the young bud.
The optimal time for planting seedlings is the spring month or late August and early September. During this period, the sun and air temperature do not create dry weather, and the young bush will easily take root in a new place.
Diseases and pests
The first dangerous pest of the “Tsaritsa” strawberry is considered to be the larvae of May beetles, wireworms.
In order to avoid them in the soil, use ammonia water or plant alkaloid lupine.
Another pest is the transparent strawberry mite. From him, a plot of land is cultivated with karbofos.