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Cement-sand shingles - a worthy choice for the roof of the house

 Cement-sand shingles - a worthy choice for the roof of the house


People at all times strived to have a strong, reliable and durable roof over their heads, which would not only protect the house, but also decorate it. And in this regard, no newfangled coating can compare with natural piece products. However, the depletion of natural resources led to an increase in their value and, as a consequence, a significant decrease in demand. This forced manufacturers to look for an alternative to natural covering materials, which has become a cement-sand tile - the golden mean with a rare good value for money. In this article, we will try to figure out, without embellishment, what this roofing material is and whether it is possible to lay it on our own.

Cement-sand tile: technical characteristics

The characteristics of cement-sand tiles are determined by the characteristics of the materials from which they are made and the production technology.

Composition and production

For the manufacture of cement-sand tiles, a mixture of sifted refined sand and quick-setting cement (at least M200) with the addition of vegetable dyes is used. The properties of concrete shingles depend on the strict dosage of all components in the concrete mass, especially on the ratio of cement to water. The slightest deviations from the requirements of technology will lead to the appearance of white limescale on the surface of the tiles and a decrease in performance.

The quality of concrete tiles depends on the observance of the correct proportions of the tile composition - 1 part of cement, 3 parts of sand and 0.5 part of water without impurities

After forming, the products are painted and dried in special chambers. Then re-stain and dry again for at least 30 days outside. Double coloring and drying make the cement-sand shingles immune to the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, which means they are able to maintain a presentable appearance and excellent properties for many years.

At the final stage of production, the tiles must be kept outdoors for 30 days, which significantly improves the performance of the material.

Concrete tiles made using three-layer technology are especially durable, where the first layer is high-strength concrete, the second is the spraying of a colored cement composition that fills all the pores under pressure and smooths the surface of the workpieces, and the third (external) is a double acrylic coating, which gives the tiles a wet effect. Such products do not absorb water, as a result of which the frost resistance of the material increases many times over and its ability to calmly endure any climatic negatives, including acid rain.

Coating dimensions and weight

The composition, available inexpensive raw materials and innovative production methods make concrete products similar to ceramic tiles both visually and in quality, but much cheaper and lighter. This is a big plus of cement-sand tiles.

Despite the variety of roofing materials, developers often choose cement-sand tiles because of their fantastically beautiful appearance, high quality and affordable cost.

Technical parameters of concrete roof tiles:

  1. The weight of cement shingles is no more than 45 kg / m², while the weight of ceramic tiles can reach 75 kg / m².
  2. The thickness of the tiles is about 12 cm.
  3. The size of the concrete tiles is larger than the ceramic ones - 42X33 cm - that is, 10-11 pieces are enough for a flooring of 1 m². True, some manufacturers produce models of a smaller format (41x24 cm), which will require about 15 pieces per 1 m² for laying. However, in any case, due to the ideal dimensional accuracy, adjustment of the fragments on the roof is not required, which makes the installation of concrete tiles quite easy.

But, despite this, many developers do not risk purchasing cement-sand tiles precisely because of their heavy weight, since there is an opinion that when using it, it is necessary to strengthen the rafter system, which means additional costs for arranging the roof. Such a statement distorts the truth. The load-bearing roof structure must be able to withstand a load of at least 200 kg / m² without the weight of the covering material itself. And if the heaviest model is included in the design calculations, then by reducing the pitch of the rafters, it will be necessary to increase the cost of lumber by only 7-10%. The foundation and walls, if they were originally planned for a natural covering and erected in accordance with the standards, have a sufficient margin of safety. Therefore, one should not be afraid for their condition, no matter what material they are. Even log houses can perfectly withstand a cement-sand, ceramic, and slate coating, if all the calculations are made correctly. But on the other hand, comfort and coziness in the house with natural covering material will be provided for many generations.

Roofing made of cement-sand tiles will fit the house from any material, the main thing is that the bearing capacity of the walls and foundation is calculated correctly

Video: cement-sand tiles for a wooden house

Material structure

The structure of concrete shingles is of great interest. Its main elements:

  1. Hooks with which each piece is fixed to the crate. They are designed in such a way that the weight of the coating itself and climatic loads are evenly distributed over the entire surface of the roof. In addition, the adhesion of the shingles to the crate is point-like, and not solid, which results in a breathable coating that protects the rafter frame from dampness and decay.
  2. Rounded edges of the tiles, allowing easy natural drainage from the roof.
  3. Reinforcing ribs that give the tiles rigidity and protect them from breaking due to uneven loading at one time or another.
  4. Side locks (bottom and cover), which make it possible, if necessary, to move the tiles up to 8 cm and thus avoid unwanted undercuts as much as possible.
  5. The main lock - single, double or triple - is unique in its design, thanks to which the tiled tiles are connected to each other, forming a strong coating that prevents snow from blowing and moisture infiltration into the under-roof space.

    Due to the unique structure of the tiles, the installation of cement-sand tiles is not particularly difficult.

Video: concrete shingles, how it works

Advantages and disadvantages

First, let us note the key advantages of concrete tiles - low thermal conductivity and low water absorption, due to which dryness, coziness and comfort in the house are ensured. These are important indicators, since there are many beautiful coatings, and units that are incredibly attractive and at the same time energy-saving, and cement-sand tiles are one of them. In addition, concrete shingles are different:

  • high bending and tensile strength (280 kg / m²);
  • durability - service life up to 150 years, manufacturer's warranty - 30 years;
  • fire safety and environmental friendliness;
  • excellent sound insulation and ventilation;
  • resistance to aggressive climatic influences, hurricane winds, severe frost, ultraviolet light, corrosion, chemical agents, sharp temperature changes - tiles can withstand fluctuations from -60 to +120 ºC without changing their shape;
  • a sufficient color range, thanks to which you can create a beautiful mosaic covering;

    The color scheme of concrete tiles allows you to make a covering with an ornament in order to fully express your individuality

  • versatility - concrete shingles are well adapted to the Russian climate, they hold back an avalanche-like snow fall and can be easily installed on roofs of any shape with an angle of inclination of 22º and higher;
  • low probability of a lightning strike, since concrete tiles do not accumulate static voltage;
  • ease of installation with minimal waste, ease of repair and maintenance;
  • perfectly balanced price corresponding to the quality of products - 450–2100 rubles / m².

Weaknesses of concrete shingles can be called relative, since some of them are at the same time its advantages or appear only in certain cases:

  1. The large weight of the tiles, due to which the roofing is excellently resistant to strong winds. In addition, thick fragments well dampen extraneous noise and provide a quick shrinkage of the building, which allows you to start finishing work much earlier and finish construction faster.
  2. Fragility of the material if improperly handled during delivery, storage and lifting to the roof.
  3. The high cost of installation, if you do not do it yourself.

As a result, not so significant disadvantages remain, which include:

  • not too many shapes and colors, but this material has a great future, and manufacturers are coming up with new technologies to please consumers;

    The manufacturers of concrete shingles never cease to amaze: the latest know-how - multicolor painting, which creates a roofing of incredible beauty

  • susceptibility to microorganisms, which, in principle, is inherent in all natural coatings and is solved quite simply - keeping the roof clean, periodically processing with special compounds or copper sulfate, as well as installing special plates under the ridge, which, when rainwater hits them, form oxides that prevent the growth of moss.

    Susceptibility to organic trace elements is inherent in all natural materials, therefore, such coatings must be kept clean and periodically treated with special preparations

Video: a builder's opinion on cement-sand tiles

What to look for when buying concrete roof tiles

If you decide to cover the roof with cement-sand tiles, then the next step is to choose a manufacturer. The largest suppliers of cement-sand tiles are:

  • concern A-Tiilikate (Finland), whose products are designed for use in the harsh Scandinavian climate, which is why they are perfect for our northern latitudes;
  • Sea Wave tiles (Swedish holding Benders and Russian company Baltic Tile), the tiles of which are famous for their beautiful oblique wave shape;
  • and, of course, Braas (Germany) with its popular models - "Frankfurt" and "Adria".

Before using cement-sand tiles for roofing, you need to choose the best manufacturer and find out all the pros and cons of its products.

When buying, be sure to ask:

  1. The presence of a quality certificate. Good tiles are visually geometrically flat and produce a dull sound when tapped. Of course, you cannot check every tile, as it comes in packs, so check if there is a possibility to return damaged and low-quality products and on what conditions.

    Tiles still have a considerable cost, and the purchase of low-quality products from little-known companies can lead to additional costs for dismantling the roof, purchasing a new batch and re-laying.

  2. The delivery time, the terms of the guarantee, as well as confirmation of the manufacturer's fulfillment of its warranty obligations.
  3. Availability of all components of the roofing system and availability of installation instructions.
  4. The ability to obtain technical advice and service support.

Video: cement-sand tiles - properties, production and selection

Roofing device made of cement-sand tiles

The roof must be viewed as a whole. It consists of two blocks: a rafter system - a support for the enclosing structure and a roofing system, which includes:

  • covering flooring;
  • lathing and counter-lathing;
  • hydro-, heat- and vapor barrier materials;

    The roof has a pie-shaped structure, each layer in which performs a specific function and is placed in a strictly defined place

  • slats supporting vapor barrier;
  • ceiling sheathing;
  • additional elements - roof overhangs, snow retainers, gutters, ridge fragments, ventilation nozzles, etc., which not only give the roof a perfect look, but also significantly affect its service life.

    The use of all elements of the roofing system will help create a reliable and durable coating

In turn, the covering flooring is formed from different tiles, subdivided into:

  • privates (basic);
  • half shingles that minimize undercutting. As a rule, they are used in valleys - 3 pieces per running meter;
  • ridge and pediment;
  • ventilation - usually 3-5 pieces per slope;
  • checkpoints, footrests and snow retention.

    Each type of cement-sand tile should be used when installing the roof, only in this case you can get the maximum operational result

All types should be used during installation. Only in this case, you can get the maximum effect from the arrangement of a cement-tiled coating.

Installation of cement-sand tiles

Undoubtedly, concrete shingles are a good covering material that is trustworthy. Nevertheless, the nevertheless considerable price, fair weight and relative fragility require utmost care and attention during installation. After all, there are no trifles in the roof. Even fasteners - nails, screws and clamps help to mount a strong, reliable and long-lasting coating. How to correctly calculate the material, carry out the installation with your own hands and what is needed for this, let's try to figure it out now.

The creation of a beautiful cement-sand pavement requires the utmost accuracy of calculations, the use of high-quality materials and accuracy during installation.

Necessary equipment and tools

In addition to concrete tiles for roofing, you will need:

  • additional elements for the design of roofing units;
  • edged board and wooden beams;
  • fasteners - screws, bolts, nuts, clamps, staples;
  • insulation;
  • waterproofing and vapor barrier film or membrane;
  • roof hammer, sealant and syringe for it;
  • pencil, two-meter rail, ruler, utility knife;
  • hacksaw, tool bag, angle cut-off saw for cutting fragments and stapler;
  • synthetic lace, metal scissors, dyeing strip, level;
  • rolling roller and electric drill;
  • drills, discs, drill bits and ladders for walking and climbing.

    Before starting work, you must check the availability of a complete set of tools and their serviceability

In order to avoid breakage of the tiles, it is advisable to lift them onto the roof using a motor vehicle hoist.

Material calculation

To understand the calculation scheme, let's look at an example. We have a simple gable roof with an area of ​​50 m². The length of the ridge is 8 m. We will use a tile format of 420X330 mm (operating parameters 399X300 mm). We carry out calculations:

  1. We determine the useful area of ​​the tile by multiplying its working dimensions indicated by the manufacturer. In our case, 0.399 x 0.3 = 0.1197 m².
  2. We calculate the number of tiles by dividing the roof area by the area of ​​one tile - 50: 0.1197 = 417.71 pieces.
  3. We add 10% to the stock and round up to a whole number of 417.71 + 10% = 459.48 = 460 pieces.
  4. We calculate the number of ridge tiles. To do this, we multiply the length of the ridge by the number of products per 1 running meter, which is indicated in the technical specifications. For example, the consumption of Braas ridge tiles is 3 pcs / running. m.Therefore, 8 x 3 = 24 + 10% = 26.4. We round up to a whole number and we get 27 pieces. The valleys and ridges are calculated in a similar way.
  5. We buy ventilation tiles at the rate of 3-5 pieces per slope (mainly near the roof windows and chimney), and half tiles - 3 pieces per 1 running meter. m (in valleys, near gables, ridge and ribs).
  6. We purchase fasteners according to the manufacturer's instructions, since each model has its own characteristic fastening features.

Installation work

Work begins with the preparation of the scaffolding, checking the working condition of the tools, creating fences in accordance with safety regulations (SNiP 111-4-80) and raising the tiles in small batches to the roof.

Cement-sand tiles have a lot of weight, so they should be lifted to the roof carefully and placed in small batches over the entire area.

The further order of work is as follows:

  1. They examine the geometry of the slopes without fail, for which they measure diagonally using a two-meter rail. Permissible deviations according to SNiP 3.04.01–87 are from -5 to +5 mm per 2 running meters. m.
  2. Near dormer or dormer windows, as well as in the places of abutments and passages, if necessary, the load-bearing elements of the structure are reinforced.
  3. A drip is installed over the entire width of the slope with a removal of no more than 300 mm beyond the extreme rafters and the required amount of solid, side and half tiles is calculated.

    At the very beginning of the installation, a drip is installed and the number of tiles along the width of the slope is calculated, taking into account whole side and half tiles

  4. A waterproofing film is laid along the upper edge of the rafter legs with a 150 mm width extension to decorate the gables. The waterproofing material may not be used when arranging cold structures with a slope of up to 60º. On top of the waterproofing, counter-rails are stuffed from a bar with a cross section of at least 30X50 mm. For complex structures or with long slopes, the cross-section of the timber is increased to 50X50 mm.

    Waterproofing is laid along the upper edge of the rafters and is fixed with a counter lattice, which provides the necessary ventilation gap

  5. The edge boards of the crate are stuffed. The lower plank at the eaves should be higher than the rest of the boards by the thickness of the covering material. The second row is packed taking into account the removal of the shingles of the first row, which can be 0–80 mm. The lathing boards are fixed to the counter-lattice with self-tapping screws with an offset along the axis.

    The lowest bar or board at the cornice is raised above the plane of the entire lathing by the thickness of the covering material, because here the tiles with their lower edge rest directly on the lathing, and not on the next row

  6. The step of the crate is calculated in the interval between the second lower row and the uppermost one at the ridge. The step size for cement-sand products varies depending on the slope of the roof from 32 to 39 mm according to the selected tile model. The crate is filled completely, placing the joints of the boards in a checkerboard pattern over the rafter legs.

    Measure the distance between the second bottom and ridge boards of the sheathing, and then calculate the pitch of the sheathing depending on the length of the selected tile

  7. They equip the chimney (using a reinforced mesh and sealant) and valleys - they lay double waterproofing, fill the frequent lathing, mount the valley gutter and shingles using half tiles.

    After filling the lathing, valleys are formed - they lay double waterproofing and increase the lathing along the entire joint line

  8. With a dyeing cord on the crate, they beat off the location of the pediment columns, and then every third to fifth vertical column is marked along the width of the slope.

    With a dyeing cord on the crate, they beat off the location of the future columns of the tiles in order to make the correct, even and beautiful laying of the fragments

  9. According to the markings made, ordinary shingles are laid from bottom to top and from right to left. In this case, each subsequent row is laid with an offset relative to the previous one. Adjustment to the width of the flooring is done with half tiles or by undercutting. Concrete tiles are fixed to each other with a lock, and fastened to the crate with hooks. Thanks to the overlaps, the upper rows press the lower ones, reliably protecting the mount. But still, individual sections of the roof must be additionally strengthened. In regions with a normal climate, with a roof slope of up to 60º, in addition to the lock and hooks with clamps or galvanized self-tapping screws, tiles are fixed along the perimeter of the slope... In windy areas or with a greater slope, a safety attachment is made in those places that bear the greatest wind load - at the junctions, all undercutting fragments, as well as on the tiles of the cornice and ridge row.

    Concrete tiles are fixed to the crate with hooks, and fastened to each other with a lock, additionally only fragments are fixed along the perimeter of the slope, while the fasteners should not be rigid to compensate for the thermal expansion of the tiles

  10. On hip or hip structures, tiles begin to be laid from the middle of the slope, laying out the entire central column, then the entire bottom row and then fragments in the direction from the central column to the edges of the roof.

When slopes are sloped from 10 to 22º, the lower roof should be stuffed - a continuous deck made of particle boards or waterproof plywood with an additional laying of waterproofing material or roofing felt along it.

Video: installation of cement-sand tiles

Arrangement of roofing units

After all the slopes are mounted, the installation of the ridge begins, the formation of ridges and a drain:

  1. Measure the distance between the lower edges of the ridge tile and the upper edges of the ridge bars.
  2. Having noted the distance to the bending line of the slopes, squeeze the mount.
  3. The air element of the ridge is fixed with staples to the ridge bar with a step of 30 cm.
  4. Loosen the self-tapping screws that fix the top board of the crate, put the fastener under it and tighten the screws.

    The ridge is equipped with the use of self-adhesive ventilation tapes and special aero elements, while the ridge tile should cover the self-tapping screws, which are used to attach the tiles of the upper row to the crate

  5. A ridge beam is stuffed on the ridges and tiles are laid using half tiles near the edges.

    On the edges of the hip roofs, waterproofing is laid so that the edges of the panel are thrown over the edge by 15 cm or more, and the tiles, if necessary, are trimmed and laid at a distance of 3 cm from the ridge to ensure ventilation

  6. At the last stage, the drain is collected. For concrete shingles, inexpensive plastic products can be used to match the base coat or in a contrasting color. Then the overhangs are hemmed. From the side of the attic space, insulation and vapor barrier are laid, which is fixed with counter-rails, then the ceiling is hemmed.

This completes the installation of the cement-sand tile roof. If everything is done correctly, accurately, in compliance with the standards and instructions of the manufacturer, then as a result of all the work you will get an amazingly beautiful, durable, reliable and long-lasting coating.

It is possible to lay cement-sand shingles on almost any shape of roofs except for flat ones, and for Mediterranean or European-style houses, concrete shingles are almost an obligatory roofing material.

Installation errors

Most often, when installing cement-sand tiles, the following mistakes are made:

  • insufficiently strong fastening (or lack of it) of the side fragments or excessive tightening of the bolts, due to which, due to uneven thermal expansion, the fasteners will weaken over time and will contribute to the appearance of leaks and deformation of the tiles;
  • sloppy shingle trimming;
  • the absence of aeroelements in key nodes - the use of airtight materials instead;

    All problem areas of the roof must be reliably protected from leaks and well ventilated, for which they use ventilation tapes, special aero elements, high-quality sealant and ready-made strips with seals

  • improper arrangement of abutments - insufficient sealing;
  • the absence of a counter-lattice, which disrupts air exchange in the under-roof space;
  • incorrect pitch of the lathing, as a result of which the fasteners remain open, which significantly reduces the waterproofing protection of the roofing structure.

All these errors can be avoided if you carefully study the installation instructions provided by the manufacturer and strictly follow all recommendations. Otherwise, you will have to partially or completely dismantle the coating, which is extremely undesirable for such an elite material, and will result in large financial costs.

Video: reconstruction of a cement-sand roof, installation errors

Concrete tile roof maintenance

The main rule for caring for a roof is to keep it clean. Cement-sand tiles are sensitive to microorganisms that arise most often at the joints of the tiles when dirt, debris and dust accumulate in them, generously saturated with rain and melt water.

The best remedy for such a misfortune is considered to be "Grön-free" - after treatment with it, microorganisms die immediately, and there is no need to clean the roof from residues. They will wash off themselves with rainwater. The period of validity of "Grön-free" is up to 6 years, depending on the conditions of the coverage. Products such as Primacol and MossKade (Poland), IKOpro (Belgium) also showed themselves well. When fighting organic matter, you can also use a folk remedy - saline solution - but such treatment is very inferior in effectiveness to chemical compositions. The installation of copper plates in the ridge area also helps - rainwater, upon contact with them, ionizes and, flowing down the roof, stops the growth of moss, lichen, algae and other things.

As for the repair of the roof, with regular preventive examination and timely cleaning of the drain, it will not be needed for many years. However, there are force majeure circumstances that require replacement of damaged fragments. All repairs are reduced to the fact that the coating is disassembled in a certain area and the damaged tiles are replaced with new ones. This is where those 10% of the stock will come in handy, which were taken into account when buying roofing material and additional elements.

Comparison of concrete shingles with other types

Each type of tile has its own advantages and disadvantages. The choice depends only on personal preferences and financial capabilities. Although it is not entirely correct to compare different types of tile coverings, let's try to highlight the main points.

Table: comparative analysis of individual types of shingles

Types of tilesCement-sandCeramicMetal tilePolymerBituminousWoodenShale
Thermal conductivitylowlowhighlowlowlowlow
Soundproofinghighhighlowhighhighhighhigh
Strengthgoodgooddepending on the type and thickness of the polymer layer - from low to highgoodgoodgoodhigh
UV resistancehighhighdepending on the type of polymer coating - from low to highgoodgoodrequires periodic processing with special compoundshigh
Fire safetyhighhighhighignites but does not sustain combustiongoodrequires fire retardant treatment and installation of spark arresters on chimneyshigh
Environmental friendlinesshighhighaveragelowgoodhighhigh
Frost resistancehighhighhighgoodfragilehighhigh
Life time100-150 yearsup to 150 years25-50 years with PVDF coating and aboveup to 50 years25-30, quality products - up to 50 yearsfrom 15 to 100 years depending on the type of woodnot less than 100 years
Cost, rubles / m²450–2100700–2500260–560250–800220–700500–17005800-14000 + the cost of laying from 2000 and more

Testimonials

Today, cement-sand tiles are a worthy competitor to other roofing coatings. But you need to understand that not all concrete shingles are equally good. Therefore, when choosing, give preference to reliable manufacturers who value their reputation and adhere to production technology. In addition, observe the installation conditions, then an amazingly beautiful roof will become a decoration and a faithful protector of the house for decades. Good luck to you.


Reviews of roofing materials

The purpose of roofing is to protect the home from moisture and damage caused by the vicissitudes of the weather and the ultraviolet rays of the sun. This material is covered with the uppermost part of the roof, securing it in a certain way (depending on the type of roof). When choosing roofing materials for the roof, it is useful to read the reviews of people who have already encountered certain materials. This will make it easier to determine if this particular hat is right for your home.


Tile installation rules

During installation, it is important to take into account the characteristics of each type of tile and adhere to the fastening technology. Cement-sand tile consists of the following elements:

  • main lock - triple, double or single. Protects the roof from blowing and snow ingress, increases the strength of the coating
  • side locks - lock the tiles together and prevent leakage. Allow parts to shift relative to each other up to 8 cm
  • reinforcement ribs - to reinforce the tiles. Provide strength and resistance of each part to various loads
  • rounded edges - allow effective drainage of sediments
  • lower hooks - fix the tiles to the lathing, help to evenly distribute the weight.

Tiled tiles are varied and have a well-thought-out structure

Each tile is equipped with mounting holes for easy installation work.

How to make a crate for a tile

For the lathing, coniferous wood bars with a moisture content of no more than 25% are used, which protects the base from deformation and decay.

On rafters located with a pitch of no more than 75 cm, bars with a cross section of 30 × 50 mm are used for the installation of the battens, on rafters with a pitch of no more than 90 cm - bars of 40 × 50 mm. If the pitch of the rafters reaches 110 cm, the bars are 50 × 50 or 40 × 60 mm. These indicators are universal.

The step of the lathing should not be more than the length of the tiles.

The step of the lathing depends on the slope of the roof.

If the roof has slopes with a slope of up to 22 °, then the distance between the bars is 312–320 m with a slope of 22–30 °, the lathing step is maintained within 325–335 mm. If the slope angle is more than 30 °, the lathing is placed in increments of 340–345 mm.

When constructing multi-slope roofs, the distance between the lathing bars is calculated for each sloped surface separately.

Installation Basics

Before starting construction, an antiseptic should be applied to all wooden parts of the roof from a sprayer, and an anti-corrosion agent should be applied to metal parts. After filling the crate, the chimney is sealed: a tape with a reinforcing mesh is attached to it. If a valley is provided in the roof structure, then a sealing tape is laid in this area. Then the process of laying the tiles begins:

  1. The first row is placed from the bottom right corner. The tiles should hang over the edge of the roof by no more than 7 cm. The tiles are fixed to the crate with galvanized self-tapping screws.
  2. Further along the edge of the end of the roof, a row is mounted in the vertical direction. Before laying the next strip, pull a cord between the opposite edges of the roof to ensure that the rows are laid horizontally.
  3. Observing the markings and starting from the fixed end pieces, horizontal rows are formed.
  4. In difficult corners and valleys, a covering of pre-cut elements is laid out.
  5. The last are the ridge, connecting and other additional parts.

Installation of cement-sand tiles in the valley area requires precision in cutting the tiles and correct fastening

Installation can be carried out along the perimeter of the slope or vertically, but the presented method is the simplest and allows you to get even rows.

Video instruction: installation of lathing and laying of tiles - in detail, with calculations and measurements


Quite a few owners dream of equipping their home with a fairly elegant and prestigious roof covered with high-quality ceramic tiles. True, the very significant cost of such a roofing coating makes it available today only for a relatively small category of owners. And an excellent solution here, now usually just becomes the use of special cement-sand tiles, which is a much cheaper type of ceramic analogue.

This type of tile usually includes in its basic composition such components as water, cement, special quartz and special natural dyes. The procedure for its production is based on the initial molding of finished products under a sufficiently high pressure, and their subsequent drying at a relatively low temperature, of the order of +60 C.

You can order cement-sand tiles in Tver and the Tver region at: http://www.kiji-tver.ru/catalog/krovelnye-materialy-i-komplektuyuschie/cherepitsa/braas-cement/. They have a large catalog of products.

Speaking about the advantages of such cement-sand tiles, first of all, it should be noted that this material is extremely environmentally friendly, which is explained by the presence of only truly natural ingredients in its composition. In addition, this type of roofing is also characterized by a rather significant durability, which is achieved due to a very specific method of its manufacture. In terms of aesthetic indicators, this type of tile is absolutely not inferior to its truly classic counterpart, and therefore roofs made with its help usually look very respectable and luxurious.

The special composition of such a tile makes it not only absolutely indifferent to corrosion and decay, but also frost-resistant enough, which allows the use of such coatings even in areas with extremely cold winters. This type of tile is completely indifferent to sudden changes in temperature and has a fairly low level of water absorption. In addition, the roof coverings made with its help do not support combustion and, which is very important, thanks to a special installation technique, they provide the under-roof space with excellent ventilation.

A very remarkable advantage of this material is also its incredible resistance to ultraviolet radiation. Due to this very remarkable feature, such coatings do not lose their original attractiveness during the entire service life. And, finally, the most important advantages of such a cement-sand tile is its acceptable democratic cost, as well as excellent performance in terms of noise and thermal insulation.


Cement pishchana tiles BRAAS Teviva Cisar 420х330 mm black

Cement-pishchana tiles BRAAS Teviva Сisar Chorny koloru is designed for laying on dakhs from 22 to 65 degrees. To be stashed for huge, silskogospodarskie budowels, small architectural forms, as well as in technically folding architectural projects. Covering from cement-festooned tiles does not let the heat get burnt, the sounds of the midst of the mountains clinging, do not heat up on the sun and do not let the warmth out of the middle. An element is prepared from the sum of quartz sand, cement, and the drive of natural pigments. Oxide of zaliza is found in the barvnik, which will preserve the stiffness of the colora.

On the surface cement tiles BRAAS Teviva applied to the bagatosharovoy painting Cisar, which is stored from an armored, virile and acrylic ball. Material is characterized by vologo and frost-proof, as well as stiff to biological infusion (ultraviolet changes, chemical and mechanical infusion). Polymer acryl pereshkojaє overgrown with tiles with moss and lichens. Vitrate material for 1 m 2 should be 10 pieces.

The width of the element is 420 mm, the width is 330 mm. Warranty term of exploitation - 30 years.


Comparison with other materials

Metal shingles differ from other types of roofing materials according to different criteria. So, it is better than soft tiles in terms of rigidity, but inferior to the same material in terms of sound insulation. It is cheaper than ceramic tiles, but more expensive than Euroslate.

Comparing metal tiles with other types of roofing materials, they must be divided into two groups: soft and hard coatings.

Soft roofing

Soft coatings include: flexible shingles (aka bituminous), euro slate, onduvilla. Bituminous shingles are in many ways inferior to metal ones. It is less durable and requires the installation of a continuous sheathing over the rafter system. This is a time consuming process and unnecessary stress on the structure. The resistance of shingles to environmental conditions leaves much to be desired. It deteriorates from moisture, ultraviolet rays, severe frosts. When freezing, the material becomes brittle, the top layer cracks. Water gets into cracks, and mold and mildew develop in a humid environment, since the material is not biostable.

Bitumen is a flammable substance. Soft shingles support combustion and release harmful substances in the process. Finishing with soft tiles for 1 sq. m is several times more expensive than steel. If we compare the positive characteristics, that is, the aspects in which the metal tile already loses: high-quality sound insulation and thermal insulation, simple installation, elasticity, the minimum percentage of waste when installing a complex roof. Low weight and wide range are the advantages inherent in both types of shingles.

Euroslate, better known on the market as ondulin, is the main competitor of metal tiles among soft coatings. For some technical characteristics, they are similar. So, both materials are sheet, have approximately the same weight and size. The service life of metal tiles is on average 10 years longer than that of ondulin. Both types of sheets support combustion and cannot be recovered after a fire.

Profiled steel sheets are superior to ondulin in that the polymer coating retains color brightness longer. The color range of metal tiles is more diverse than ondulina.

According to some characteristics, the metal tile differs from ondulin in an unfavorable way. So, the euro slate has 100% tightness, you can not install waterproofing under it. The metal tile does not leak only for the first few years, therefore, one cannot do without a waterproofing membrane. Ondulin promotes thermal insulation, steel sheets do not. The sound insulation of ondulin is 15 dB higher than that of metal tiles. The differences between metal tiles and ondulin are almost identical to the comparative characteristics with Euroslate.

Hard coatings

  • ceramic roof tiles
  • cement-sand tile
  • corrugated board
  • slate
  • folded metal profile.

Ceramic roof tiles - this is a prototype of a metal tile. It has few advantages. It is beautiful, resistant to freezing and fire, and serves for tens of years. The rest of the modern material is superior to it.

Ceramic tiles are assembled by hand from small clay plates. This is a long process that requires professional involvement. The embossed surface of the roof does not provide complete tightness, therefore it is imperative to install waterproofing and thermal insulation. The shingles are heavy, giving a huge load on 1 sq. m of the rafter system. Ceramic plates are not resistant to mechanical damage. During the installation process, some of the material becomes unusable due to chips and cracks. The total cost of material and work is many times higher than the cost of sheathing with metal tiles.

Cement-sand tile Is a budget analogue of ceramic made from natural materials. Like metal tiles, it comes in a wide range of colors. They have the same long service life, biostability, wide temperature range of use, virtually zero water absorption.

Natural tiles do not rust, unlike metal tiles, they provide better sound insulation, and are installed with a minimum amount of waste (no more than 5%).

The disadvantages that a natural one has and a metal tile does not have are the following:

  • piece material
  • mounted for a long time, accurately and only by professionals
  • heavy weight
  • high prices for materials and installation
  • low mechanical strength and associated transportation difficulties
  • limited variety of shapes and colors.

Slate is close in characteristics to natural tiles. With metal tiles, this material has in common the size of the sheets and good sound insulation. Otherwise, it is inferior to modern material due to its high weight, lack of aesthetic qualities, fragility and water permeability. As for combustion, slate does not just support it, but it also explodes in the process.

Seam roofing, profiled sheet, metal profiles - This is a group of materials that differs in the way of fastening and profiling of sheets. In this regard, they have some external differences. And also the thickness of the sheets and the composition of the coating vary. Metal tile looks more interesting in comparison with all sheet materials made of steel. The rest of the profiled sheets and metal tiles are interchangeable.


Review: Cement-sand tile Braas Tegalit Protegon - Gadyukino is not up to show-off: to smoke a hookah on milk, you need to get up at five in the morning

Therefore, it is in Hamburg that there is an innumerable number of copyright, design and simply frostbitten buildings of varying degrees of rigidity, which have no special relation to this review.
Directly related to it are, like architecture, perverted, little-used, expensive and simple materials to show off.

This coating belongs precisely to the last two categories, it is expensive, more than a hundred rubles at a rate that is shaggy even by the standards of the best ceramics, not to mention the concrete from which it, in fact, is made.

The upper protective layer is polymeric, not oxide - it is abraded and scratched at times, even being in tightly packed bags of 28 pieces, because the analogue of the adhesive tape, which is used for sealing the sealing protrusions, does not work well for pressure.

By the way, packing in such volumes is also a big problem. The weight of one stone varies according to different catalogs from 5.25 to 5.5 kg per tile, so the package weighs at least 150 kg, not 25 (because other factories put 5-6 pieces in a bundle) and lift it without even opening the three of us are simply unrealistic. After opening the package, the following problem arrives: it is impossible to throw the tegalite evenly over the slope area and as it should be - the profile of the stones is such that you cannot put more than two or even one in a pile on the crate, they break off and hit on the head and other parts of the mortal bodies of those who at this moment was lucky enough to be under the working area.
Again, the problems of delivery and unloading include the "uniqueness" of the packaging of tiles in pallets of 2 and 3 bags in one row. The presence of a gap between the packages in the first case and the third package in the second leads to the need to use two types of special Brasov pliers, which even not every crane is equipped with, therefore, when delivering, drivers rarely stand on ceremony, stupidly throw off the tiles on the ground near the house, and then, the installers stand in the pose of a running Egyptian or in a chain, give each tile a name and look at the ensuing problems three paragraphs above.
What is good about this tile? Probably only the appearance and insignificant (compared to other matrices, due to the absence of a wave) profile height, although again with one very serious reservation.
This tile will look good and lie only on a perfectly flat and correctly mounted lathing.
Yes, and it is cut and drilled just like any concrete just fine.

And here we come to the very pulp of the installation features: only a highly professional group of specialists can install this material qualitatively, beautifully and relatively quickly, either on the crate of a new house they themselves assembled or on a carefully aligned and removed old truss structure, which in both cases, due to the colossal labor costs will cost two to three times higher than the cost of work on a similar area using classical forms.

And you get the well-known abbreviation D & G, which is not deciphered by adequate people "Dolce and Gabbana", but "Expensive and stupid."

Do I recommend this? Is that for show-off, the rest is better to walk around the market and buy something really cool and high quality.
In the column below, the price of a standard package of 28 pieces at the exchange rate on the day the review was created.
Especially keen and curious visitors, I would like to inform you that in the review of Flandern Plus from Roben, a video with a presentation of the tiles has also been added, where you can watch them live on a real freshly assembled North German roof.


The best manufacturers of cement-sand tiles

Cement-sand tiles have existed since the days of Ancient Rome. Modern technologies make it possible to obtain a durable, moisture and frost-resistant roofing covering with excellent decorative qualities. The experts praised the products of several brands.

Braas

Braas began to produce concrete products from the first days of its existence. And although the fashion for roofing materials dictates manufacturers to use other materials, Braas does not change his traditions. One of the important advantages of cement-sand tiles is their durability (up to 100 years). In the technological cycle, natural raw materials are used, so the final product is environmentally friendly. The brand offers the Russian consumer a variety of colors, high durability, good heat and noise insulation properties.

The experts highly appreciated the dimensional accuracy, so the installation does not cause problems for the specialists. The brand wins our rating. Its products are durable, practical and aesthetic.

Dignity

  • durability
  • high strength
  • resistance to severe frost
  • environmental friendliness.

Disadvantages

A-Tiilikate OY

The Finnish company A-Tiilikate OY produces a wide range of cement-sand roofing. The company has been operating since 1997 and has evolved from a family business into a leading company in the country. Shingles under the AURA brand are well known in the Scandinavian and Baltic countries, and since 2001 these products have been supplied to Russia. It pleases consumers with precise geometric dimensions, a classic S-shape and a wide palette of colors. The manufacturer confirms the high quality of its products with a 30-year warranty. The catalog contains all the necessary elements, from the end cap of the ridge to the X-shaped ridge tiles.

Experts and users are satisfied with the quality of Finnish tiles, the brand deserves an honorable second position in the rating.

Dignity

  • exact geometrical dimensions
  • reliable coverage
  • 30 year warranty
  • a large assortment of additional elements.

Disadvantages

Baltic tile

The largest manufacturer of roofing materials in Russia is Baltic Tile. The company was founded in 1998, from the first days of work, the employees focused on the development and production of natural tiles. Since 2002, the company has been supplying Sea Wave cement-sand tiles to the domestic market. In a short time, the manufacturer has won an impeccable reputation in the Russian market. Consumers appreciated the presentable appearance, variety of colors, and affordable cost.

Experts, as well as users, are delighted with the quality of the St. Petersburg cement-sand tiles. Due to its affordable price, it ranks third in our ranking. Only the high cost of additional elements somewhat outrages buyers.


Watch the video: Βοτσαλωτό δάπεδο