How to keep apples in an apartment
Growing a rich apple harvest is only half the battle, and the other half is preserving the harvest. But many owners of land or summer cottages do not always have a cool basement or cellar. Most have to bring the harvested apples to an ordinary city apartment and store them in every possible way.
Of course, everyone wants apples to be stored longer and not spoil. And here the questions arise: What is the most suitable place in the apartment for storing these fruits? Maybe the apples need to be subjected to some kind of processing?
Try to choose whichever storage method works best for you - traditional or non-traditional.
Basic rules for storing apples
In order for fruits or vegetables to remain fresh and undamaged for a long time, certain storage rules must be observed. For apples, such rules also exist.
Each apple belongs to a specific variety. Among the varieties of apples can be distinguished: summer, autumn and winter varieties. Each of them has its own shelf life. Summer apple varieties will retain their taste and appearance for a short time, a maximum of 15 days. And no cool place will help them. Autumn varieties are suitable for short storage. They will remain fresh and attractive for about 2 months. Winter varieties are the most retaining all their positive qualities for 7-8 months. The skin of such apples is dense and thick, and it is also covered with a protective natural waxy coating.
Conclusion: choose only winter apples for long-term storage.
Apples are tender fruits, they do not like sudden temperature fluctuations. Do not carry boxes with these fruits from one room to another and vice versa. Changing a warm room to a cold one and vice versa will lead to a large number of spoiled apples.
When choosing winter varieties of apples for storage, remember that a wax coating on them is their protection. It is not desirable to damage this plaque. You need to pick apples carefully, preferably together with the stalks. Collect these fruits when they are not yet fully ripe. During the long storage period, they will gradually mature.
Apples release large amounts of ethylene during storage. This substance acts on all fruits and vegetables nearby. They ripen very quickly and start to deteriorate. And the apples themselves do not change for the better either: they become less juicy, and their pulp turns into gruel.
Conclusion: it is better to store apples in a separate room.
Methods for storing apples in an apartment
Fruits such as apples keep well in a cold room. In a city apartment, such a room can only be a balcony, a loggia or a storage room with the possibility of ventilation. The most favorable temperature is from 2 ° C to 5 ° C. There are several storage methods - widely known and not so well known.
Storing apples in a thermobox
Such a storage place can be made independently and kept on the balcony throughout the entire winter period, regardless of whether the balcony is glazed or not. In such a box, a constant temperature required by the fruit will be maintained. It will become a reliable protection against sudden frosts.
To make it, you will need some materials:
- 2 cardboard boxes of different sizes
- Styrofoam approximately 5 centimeters thick
- Any insulation (foam waste, wood shavings or sawdust, polyurethane foam or ordinary rags)
The boxes must be selected such that between the smaller and larger (when stacking one into the other) there is a gap of about fifteen centimeters. This gap is then tightly filled with the prepared insulation. The foam should be placed on the bottom of the smaller box, and the apples should be carefully placed on it until the container is full. Then the top of the box is closed and another layer of foam is placed on top. After that, it remains to close the large box and cover it with a thick warm cloth (for example, an old blanket).
This reliable and proven apple storage area has only one drawback - difficult access to the fruit.
Storing apples in paper
This method is not suitable for those who have harvested a huge harvest. It is ideal for those with fewer apples. Each apple is carefully and neatly wrapped in paper. This can be newspaper, napkins, plain white printing paper, and other options. Wrapped apples are placed in prepared wooden or plastic boxes, cardboard boxes.
Storing apples in polyethylene
For this method, plastic cling film is suitable, as well as bags of different sizes. You can stack fruits in different ways:
- Spread the plastic wrap in the box so that the edges hang down. When the container is full to the top, you need to cover the top of the box with these hanging edges according to the "envelope" principle.
- Each apple is placed in a small plastic bag and tied tightly. These small bags are folded into a large box and taken out to a cool place. It is advisable to keep the fruit in the cold for two hours before packing.
- You can put apples in a large transparent plastic bag. A small cotton swab dipped in vinegar or alcohol should be left inside the bag. After that, the bag is tightly tied. Air should not penetrate inside.
This method increases the shelf life by emitting carbon dioxide from the fruit. When the required concentration is established inside the bag or bag, metabolic processes stop in apples and the fruits do not deteriorate for a long time.
After storage in polyethylene, apples can then be stored for a long time in an ordinary tightly closed suitcase in a cool room.
Processing apples before storage
This way of processing apples will be appreciated only by courageous gardeners. Various types of fruit processing extend their shelf life. This process is for patient people, since each apple needs to be processed for a long time (soak, dry, spread and even irradiate). Maybe someone wants to experiment with this. We offer several ways:
- Before putting the apples for storage, each of them must be greased with glycerin.
- You need to prepare a mixture of 500 grams of alcohol and 100 grams of propolis tincture. Each fruit is completely dipped in this mixture, and then allowed to dry well.
- Get 2% calcium chloride solution from your pharmacy. Dip each apple in it for one minute.
- Get a 5% salicylic acid solution from your pharmacy. Dip each apple in this solution for a few seconds.
- Melt the beeswax or paraffin wax to a liquid state. Holding the apple by the tail, immerse it completely in this liquid, then let it dry well and send it to storage. Fruit processed in this way is best stored in boxes filled with sawdust.
- Apples are stacked in prepared containers in layers. Each layer must be irradiated with a germicidal ultraviolet lamp for 30 minutes from a distance of 1.5 meters. This will prevent the development of diseases associated with rotting apples.
Use at least one of the suggested methods and you will see how easy it is to keep apples in your apartment.
Apples in the apartment
- Conditions in the apartment
- Storage in the apartment
- Apples for the winter
- Apples in plastic bags
- Apples for storage
- Apples in winter
- Apples for storage
- Apples for long-term storage
- Apples at home
- Pickled apples
- Apples in sawdust
- Apples on the balcony
- Apples in bags
- Apples in warehouses
- Apples in the cellar
How to store apples
Apple lovers know full well that these fruits come in two main varieties - winter and summer. At the same time, a distinctive feature of winter apples is a rough and fairly thick skin and a weakly expressed bloom of wax. If you correctly collect, transport and store winter varieties of these delicious fruits, you can enjoy them throughout the cold season.
But how to do it right? How to store apples at home in winter? Everyone who has ever asked this question immediately began to sort out the options - where, how is it better: in the apartment, in the cellar, in the refrigerator, on the balcony, in the basement? After all, the sellers in the market somehow keep them.
However, prior to storage, you need to know how the fruits were collected from the trees. It is strictly forbidden to shake off fruits and collect them from the ground, because in this case they will not lie for a long time. They will most likely start to rot within a few weeks. Use ladders, stepladders, or other tools to collect the fruit so that you can very carefully remove the fruit from the tree. The skin of the fruit must remain intact and safe, therefore, the collection must be carried out in cotton gloves. It is advisable to put apples in a special basket or a plastic bucket, lined from the inside with a soft cloth or burlap.
All harvested fruits must be carefully sorted and removed to the sides of the fruits that were at least slightly damaged during the collection, have worms or any diseases. Store apples at home in winter only those that are absolutely "healthy". Whole fruits must be sorted by size - small, medium, large. As practice shows, medium-sized fruits can be stored for the longest, and large ones are more susceptible to disease.
Before choosing a storage location: in an apartment, in a cellar, in a basement, in a refrigerator, on a balcony, you should pay special attention to preparing containers for apples. It must be strong and clean, made of "soft" wood or moisture resistant cardboard. There should not be large gaps between the boards in the box. For long-term storage, it is best to insulate each apple well. Each fruit can be wrapped in paper, or you can simply sprinkle the fruit with soft wood shavings, sand, buckwheat husks or husks. Rows of apples can be rearranged with straw. In this case, the fruits can be superimposed diagonally or in rows. In order for the fruit to be stored as long as possible, each fruit must be dipped in a propolis solution infused with alcohol or in a 2% solution of calcium chloride.
It is best to store apples in packaged boxes on shelving in a cellar, basement, balcony, or other cool and well-ventilated area. A refrigerator will not work for these purposes. The air temperature should ideally be about two degrees Celsius, and the humidity should be about eighty percent. As practice shows, apples can be well stored in the ground, but in this case they must be stored in plastic bags, one kilogram each. In this case, the fruits must be buried to a depth of no more than 25 centimeters. At the same time, it is necessary to sketch branches and grass from above to get a warm "blanket".
If everything is done correctly, then you can enjoy delicious and juicy apples from your fruit trees all winter.
Preparation for preserving the harvest begins at the time of harvest, adhering to the following rules:
- fruits are removed from the tree upon reaching technical ripeness (slightly unripe)
- the harvest is harvested in dry sunny weather
- apples do not have the stem removed and do not erase the natural wax coating
- the plucked fruits are carefully placed in a prepared container, being careful not to damage the skin.
After harvesting, the fruits are sorted, damaged, rotten, substandard fruits with spots or traces of pest damage are rejected. For long-term storage, it is recommended to lay apples of winter and late winter varieties with a high degree of keeping quality:
- Oryol winter.
These varieties retain their taste, aroma and vitamins for 5-8 months. Optimal conditions for the preservation of apples:
- ambient temperature from 0 to +4 ° С
- humidity - from 85 to 90%
- constant air flow
- lack of sunlight.
Suitable containers for storing fruit are wooden crates, cardboard boxes, wicker baskets. It is recommended to disinfect the container before filling. Apples are laid with the stalk up, large specimens are placed below, smaller fruits are placed on top.
How to store apples in the cellar for the winter
Before placing the crop, the cellar is well dried, ventilated, and the ventilation system is checked. The room is treated with lime mortar or copper sulfate.
In the cellar, apples should be stored away from piles with potatoes, carrots, since such a neighborhood negatively affects the taste of the fruit. You should not place fruit stocks next to onions, garlic, as they absorb specific odors well. Storage methods in the cellar:
Apples are placed in cardboard or wooden boxes in layers, wrapping each fruit in paper or sprinkling the layers with sawdust, dry sand. For free air exchange in the container, ventilation holes are made, the bottom is lined with paper.
Before laying, each fruit can be dipped in glycerin or wax melted in a water bath. For better keeping quality, it is recommended to place the crop for 20-30 minutes under an ultraviolet lamp.
The shelves and racks are thoroughly wiped with a disinfectant, dried, covered with paper. Apples are laid out in one layer, tails up, trying not to touch each other. This method has an undeniable advantage - the ability to control the quality of the fruit and immediately remove rotten specimens.
It is permissible to lay out the second layer if it is separated from the first by a layer of thick cardboard or to place fruits on the shelves in a checkerboard pattern.
In plastic bags
Sealed packaging allows you to maintain the required moisture content inside the bags. No more than 3 kg of apples are placed in each bag. After the fruit has cooled down and the temperature inside the package is equal to that of the environment, the neck of the package should be tied tightly.
You can put a cotton pad moistened with vinegar or vodka inside. This will accelerate the production of carbon dioxide, which ensures the best preservation of the fruit.
Some gardeners are resorting to the alternative of storing apples in the ground. To do this, they dig a hole 0.5 m deep, the bottom is lined with coniferous spruce branches to scare off rodents.
Plastic bags with fruits are placed in a depression, covered with spruce branches on top, and covered with earth. A layer of dry foliage is additionally laid above the fossa. The bookmark is made before frost, at an air temperature from +5 to +7 ° C.
How to keep apples for the winter at home
If you don't have a cellar or basement, you'll have to figure out how to store your homemade apples for the winter. For this purpose, an insulated balcony, loggia, pantry, or refrigerator are suitable.
A cool, dark closet is ideal for home storage. On the shelves of the utility room, boxes (wooden, cardboard) or lattice plastic boxes are placed. The bottom of the container is lined with paper or covered with a layer of sawdust.
Apples are laid in different ways - staggered or in layers, sprinkled with wood shavings, sawdust or wrapping each fruit in paper.
Pre-treatment of fruits with glycerin, wax, paraffin, dipping in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or salicylic acid will help prevent decay processes and increase shelf life.
On an insulated loggia or balcony, the crop can be stored in homemade thermo boxes.It is enough to sheathe the wooden box inside with foam and insulate the lid in order to preserve the fruit harvest for 3 to 4 months.
The insulating layer will not allow the fruits to freeze even at minus temperatures, and a stable temperature inside the box will help preserve the taste and aroma of fresh apples.
How to keep apples for the winter in an apartment when there is no suitable utility room or balcony? If, after processing into winter preparations (preserves, compotes, jams), part of the crop remains, place it in the refrigerator for storage.
Do not wash or wipe off apples. Spread the fruits in plastic bags with ventilation holes, tie the neck and place in a special compartment.
It is important that there are no other ethylene-producing fruits nearby. This substance accelerates maturation, provokes the development of putrefactive processes. Under such conditions, apples can be stored for 3-4 weeks without any special losses.
Finally, watch a 4-minute video on how to keep apples fresh for the winter at home:
How to keep the apple harvest at home
Not everyone has a basement or cellar, so residents of multi-storey buildings store their crops in an apartment. It is very good if there is a glazed balcony or an insulated loggia, where you can maintain a temperature suitable for storage using a heater or ventilation. On the balcony, apples can also be stored in boxes or boxes, just like in the cellar. Fruits from below and from above are laid with straw or tissue paper. If the harvest is small, each apple is wrapped in paper and stored in a small box or basket.
But what if there is no balcony? In this case, you will have to use the refrigerator, since apples will not be stored for a long time at room temperature.
How to store it in the refrigerator
Of course, a large harvest will not go into the refrigerator, but some part can be saved until spring. To do this, the following rules must be observed:
- Place the fruits in the refrigerator 3-4 days after harvest. During this time, hazardous ethylene will no longer be released from the fruit, and they will be stored longer.
- Never wash apples before storing them.
- Place the apples in a compartment with an air temperature of 0 to +4 degrees.
- If the fruits will be stored simply in a box, you can increase the storage duration using a damp towel, which covers the apples on top.
- Apples will keep better in the refrigerator if you put them in a bag. The bag is half filled with fruit, after which it is hermetically tied, and several cuts are made along the bag itself. Condensation will accumulate inside, the fruits will "breathe", as a result they will not dry out and not mold.
How long to keep apples in the apartment?
keep apples in the apartment for as long as possible without having a cool room (basement, cellar)
Late autumn and winter apples, which are still harsh in September, are also collected in boxes, placed on a balcony or loggia. It's cool there. At a temperature of 3-5 degrees Celsius, apples can be stored for another 2-3 months. On nights when frost is expected, cover the apple crates with an old blanket. So, gradually selecting those that have become softer, more edible, apples can be stored for a long time. If space permits, you can fit a large cardboard box on the balcony, into which insert another, smaller one. In such a box, apples can be stored even longer.
You can ferment apples with cabbage or so simply (there are a lot of recipes on the Internet), soaked apples are very tasty and healthy and put in a cool room, for example, on a balcony, you can freeze them in the freezer and then cook compotes. If you see that you have begun to deteriorate quickly, you can eventually cook the jam.
If you want to keep them fresh, you can store them in the refrigerator in a special fruit compartment. But they can be saved a little like that.
You can put apples in a cardboard or wooden box, basket, inspect each apple for integrity and wrap it in paper, for example, napkins so that the apples do not come into contact with each other and do not spoil. And put it in a cool place on a balcony or loggia. But if it's cold there, you need to wrap up with a blanket and monitor their condition. Apples do not like temperature fluctuations from cold to hot, and then back. Therefore, try not to put the box once again in a hot apartment.
Some apples can go bad quite quickly, and this is affected by the apple variety.
If apples are stored for a long time, then until the locks can be stored on the balcony, but at the same time it is advisable to cover them with something warm and do not forget to sort them out from time to time.
It is best to cook something from them and put them away for storage, for example, you can make apple compote or add other berries to apples and make berry compote.
We live in the area where, as they say, stick a stick in the ground, an apple tree will still grow. Apple trees grow well, bear fruit, in especially fruitful years most of the apples disappear, especially of summer varieties.
The topic of preserving apples is relevant because they are not stored due to the lack of suitable storage places.
The fact is that after the apples have ripened, they do not remain in the same state, they continue to "breathe", the process of their ripening, overripening lasts until the stage of final spoilage. It is very problematic to preserve such apples in an apartment, and in cellars too, because the temperature there, too, in autumn is not so low that they are well preserved. And for them there should be a cellar separate from potatoes, carrots and other vegetables. Otherwise, the smell of potatoes will discourage the desire to eat these apples.
You can do this. Remove apples from the tree when they are not ripe completely, up to 90% percent. Place immediately in refrigerator containers and leave there. Then the ripening process will slow down. If they have not been eaten during this time, then they will lie for a couple of months.
If these are late varieties, then they may persist longer.
Storage on the balcony of late varieties is possible for a while, but if you do not close the window and autumn is already late. But miracles do not happen, because two containers in the refrigerator are minuscule in the scale of the entire harvest, which happens almost every year.
How to prevent brown flesh
The flesh darkens during storage. This phenomenon is the result of a gradual loss of activity by enzymes, which leads to a violation of cellular stability. In some varieties, the flesh turns brown faster, in others, more slowly. Apples grown in industrial gardens are treated with certain stabilizing compounds that inhibit fermentation, but do not stop it. The cells die anyway and the organoleptic characteristics change.
The organoleptic characteristics of an apple are the characteristics of the fruit, which are determined by the senses, its texture, taste, smell and appearance.
For processing home crops, stabilizer compositions are not used, as they are dangerous and slow down the browning of the pulp for a short time. In order to prevent darkening on your own at home, when transferring fruits from cold to warm, you must gradually increase the ambient temperature for fruits. The pulp turns brown more if there was a sharp increase, therefore it is advised to transfer apples to a room with an increasing temperature in 2-3 stages. You should not rush with the timing of the harvest, which they plan to send to maturation. And during the storage period, the room where the apples lie is regularly ventilated.
Apples are long-term fruits, it is not difficult to create suitable conditions for them. Not only in the house, but also in the apartment, you can arrange the harvested crop and save it. But, it is advised to take into account the recommendations of summer residents and choose only proven methods. The main thing in winter storage of apples is to choose the right variety, pack the fruit according to the rules, observe the temperature and maintain the desired humidity.