Interesting

Variety Talgar beauty: a special pear from Kazakhstan

 Variety Talgar beauty: a special pear from Kazakhstan


Talgar beauty is a well-known autumn pear variety that has not lost its popularity for more than half a century. However, the reviews about him are ambiguous: they can be both enthusiastic and sharply negative. It will be useful for gardeners to find out what features of the variety cause such conflicting consumer assessments and how to grow this pear.

The history of the origin of the variety Talgar beauty

Pear Talgar beauty appeared in the Kazakh Research Institute of Fruit and Viticulture. The scientist Arkady Nikolaevich Katseiko, who created a significant number of varieties of fruit crops, conducted free pollination of the Forest Beauty of Belgian origin. The parent variety is notable for its winter hardiness, productivity, and also an excellent dessert taste of the fruit.

Since 1960, the pear began to undergo variety testing, in 1991 it was approved for cultivation in the North Caucasus region. Currently, the variety is not listed in the State Register. There is no information in the sources when and for what reason the pear was excluded from it. The Talgar beauty grows successfully in the Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories, in the fruit zones of Kazakhstan, as well as in Ukraine.

Description and characteristics of pears Talgar beauty

Medium-sized tree, no more than three meters. The medium thickened crown is formed in the form of an extended pyramid, the shoots hang down. Frame branches grow in an almost horizontal direction from the trunk. Flower buds are formed mainly on the ringlets. The tree does not bloom very early. Grafting a variety on a quince gives good results, and you can also combine it with a forest pear - in this case, winter hardiness will increase.

Pear tree Talgar beauty has a wide-pyramidal crown of medium density

The pears are medium-sized, their weight can be from 150 to 200 g, sometimes up to 250 g. The fruits have a beautiful elongated pear-shaped shape in the form of an elegant bottle, but almost all of them are asymmetrical: their top is beveled. The skin is not very thick, glossy, oily with a shine, does not have rustiness, it is painted in a light yellow color. Almost all of the fruit is covered with a bright red carmine blush. There are numerous small dots: green under the light yellow skin, under the blush - white.

It is difficult to confuse the Talgar beauty with another variety; a kind of easily recognizable fruit shape is one of its features.

Pear fruits Talgar beauty have an original "bottle" shape

The flesh is creamy, medium-dense, fine-grained, crunchy, incredibly juicy and sweet, with a light pear aroma. The sugar content in the fruits grown in the Kuban is 9.0%, of titratable acids - 0.37%. The predominance of sugars over acids, which determines the taste of extremely sweet, practically acid-free fruits, as well as crispy flesh unusual for pears are the peculiarities of the variety. Professional tasters rated the taste 4.6 points. Consumer opinions were divided. Those who like crunchy flesh and sweetness without acid leave rave reviews for the strain. Lovers of buttery pulp and sweet and sour taste criticize it. The variety is considered a table variety, but the fruit can also be used for processing.

The crop ripens in autumn, at the end of September it is ready for harvest. The fruits hold well on the branches even during strong gusty winds. Pears that have been removed in time have good keeping quality. If you are late with harvesting, the pulp may brown during storage.... Consume products during October - November. In artificially cooled storages, fruits removed on time can be stored until December without staining. Transportability is good.

To avoid the appearance of brown spots during storage, the fruits of the Talgar beauty pear are best collected in a timely manner.

At the age of 4–5, the trees begin to bear fruit. Sometimes, single fruits may appear on a two- or three-year-old tree. The yield is high and stable, increasing from year to year. The official description does not mention the ability of plants to self-pollinate; in some sources, the variety is characterized as self-fertile.

The Talgar beauty variety bears fruit regularly and abundantly, pears hang in clusters on the branches

Winter hardiness and drought resistance are assessed at a fairly high level. Plants are resistant to fungal diseases, especially scab. There is no data on the possibility of pest damage.

The variety has numerous advantages: tolerance to low temperatures and drought, immunity to scab, early maturity, productivity, presentation of the fruit and good keeping quality. There are much fewer disadvantages: the crunchy properties of the pulp and its tendency to brown when taken late.

Video: pear Talgar beauty

How the variety is pollinated

The pear rarely has the ability to self-pollinate, in this the described variety is a typical representative of the crop. Self-fertile Talgar beauty will not bear fruit without pollinators, the most suitable sources of pollen for her are Conference pears, Goverla and Kucheryanka. And also other varieties blooming in medium terms can become them, the main thing is that the flowering period overlaps for at least 5-7 days.

To begin with, it is worth looking for a pollinator among the growing pears, perhaps there are already trees blooming at a similar time within a radius of 50 meters.

The closer the pollen source is, the better the pollination conditions. Experts say that the work of bees is most effective at a distance not exceeding 40-50 m.

If there are no suitable plants in the immediate vicinity, and there is sorely lack of space on the site, you can graft the desired variety into the crown of the Talgar beauty.

Grafting a pollinator variety into the crown of a self-fertile Talgar beauty will increase its yield and at the same time save space on the site

Features of the cultivation of "Talgarka"

For the cultivation of an unpretentious variety, standard agricultural technology is used. The pear does not have many features to consider when growing.

Landing

The tree is most often planted in the spring. In the southern latitudes (the main regions of cultivation of the variety), autumn planting is also quite acceptable, but you will need to take care of the shelter of the seedling for the winter. The distance between medium-sized trees of the Talgar beauty should be at least four meters with five-meter spacing. There are no more peculiarities of growing conditions and planting process.

Tree care

When caring for the crown, you need to take into account the following nuances:

  • The natural shape of the crown is prone to spreading, so forming in the form of a bowl with a notch of the central conductor would be the most logical solution.

    The crown of the Talgar beauty is best formed in the form of a bowl

  • Skeletal branches growing almost at right angles from the trunk are under great stress in productive years. Since the wood of the Talgar beauty is quite fragile, it is worthwhile to take care of installing supports under the branches in advance.

    The wood of the Talgar beauty is characterized by fragility, therefore, in productive years it is worth installing supports under the branches

Do not forget to carry out standard types of pruning: sanitary, regulating (thinning) and supporting fruiting (shortening).

Young plants are watered 10-12 times during the season for 3-4 years. As they grow older, the trees acquire the drought resistance characteristic of the variety, therefore, the amount of watering is reduced to two or three per season, depending on the rate of precipitation. During a prolonged drought, it is not worth allowing the soil to dry out; it is better to water the plants once again. If all the necessary nutrients have been introduced into the planting pit, fertilizing begins according to the standard scheme 3-4 years after planting.

Talgar beauty needs to be watered and fed, like any other pear

A high degree of resistance to fungal diseases makes it possible to dispense with preventive measures when protecting plants. If diseases cannot be avoided during the rainy season, fungicides are traditionally used to combat them.

Protective sanitary and preventive works are also the most effective against possible damage by pests. In order not to have to deal with huge colonies of harmful insects, it is better to prevent their appearance.

From reviews about the variety

The unpretentiousness of the variety, productivity and good keeping quality make it attractive for cultivation. The Talgar beauty is not perfect, not everyone likes the specific taste of the fruit, but lovers of sweet pears will not be disappointed. And also children are very fond of it, this should be taken into account when choosing a variety for planting.


Pear variety Talgar beauty description

For those who like to spend time in the garden and enjoy the beauty of the autumn riot of fruits and colors, pears were created. They stand out vividly in the garden, and sweet fruits will delight you with a fragrant cake or sweet jam. Which tree to choose for planting? There are many different types of pear plants. Some are distinguished by the beauty of the tree as a landscape component, others are so tasty that one simply cannot be indifferent - the choice is so great that sometimes the eyes are lost, and it is difficult to stop at a certain type of pear.

Pear Talgar beauty is created by a selective method from a different variety.

Features of the beauty

The pear is created by a selective method from a different variety. Its predecessor is "Forest Beauty". It was created by Kazakh scientists 50 years ago. Suitable for both avid summer residents and those who travel to the country house accompanied by barbecue and rare visits to the beds and the garden. Regardless of what kind of summer resident you are, the description of this type of pear will delight.

Pear seedlings Talgar beauty quickly take root in the garden. So a three-year-old tree will look like a full-fledged tree and will soon bear its first fruits. It has a hidden property - frost resistance and is not picky about prolonged cold weather. The variety is suitable for any climatic zone. We must not forget about the brightness of the taste: it is suitable both for jam and just to nibble instead of an afternoon snack.

Description of the Talgar beauty tree

Unlike the previous version (Forest Beauty), this bright pear is not tall. The tree is medium in size and has a wide, conical crown. The branches of such a tree are prone to drooping. In relation to the bark, it differs in a gray flaky composition both on the trunk and on dense branches.

Speaking about the structure of the tree, it is important to note that the branches are directed mainly horizontally to the floor. But this structure is characteristic only of skeletal branches. As for all the others, they are exclusively hanging down. The kidneys are distinguished by a special cone shape, hairiness and large size. Its leaves are often dark green in color. Their shape resembles an egg, covered with small teeth. They are smooth, without bumps. Concave leaves are occasionally found.

Although this pear variety is drought-resistant, this does not mean that watering should be neglected. If you want to get tasty, high-quality fruits as a result, you need to take care of “Talgar beauty”. The tree needs to regularly receive water in the proportion of 1.5-2 buckets per unit. Watered in a large hole formed in the area of ​​the crown of the tree. To check if a tree needs watering, a simple gardening method with soil will help: take a handful of soil near the tree and squeeze it. If the earth falls dry, then the tree needs watering. If not, then a lump of dirt will form in your hands and you can wait a little with watering. The fruit doesn't like to be poured. In this case, the root can rot and this will manifest itself both on the bark and on the leaves of the tree.

The description of the tree is not distinguished by a particular density of branches. The pear is weather-resistant, the structure of the tree withstands strong gusts of wind and the newly formed fruits do not fall from it.

Talgar beauty has a pronounced shape

Tree fruit

The description of the fruits of the Talgar beauty suggests the brightness of the color and ruddy of its sides. This pear, like any others, has a pronounced shape. It is elongated and resembles the shape of a bottle. Occasionally, it can be slightly beveled or curved. The abundance of fruits will delight gardeners. They differ in a not very thick skin, which makes the fruit not habitually tart. Such a pear has its own aroma, combined with fine-grained pulp and sweetness of taste, will not leave indifferent from small to large.

After conducting a chemical analysis of the fruit, scientists in the laboratory distinguish the following:

  • sugar composition not less than 9%
  • acidity level approximately 0.37%
  • wateriness - 85%
  • vitamin C per 100 grams is 7.0 mg.

They cannot be called dry, since the pear is classified as a juicy fruit. These light yellow pears with red barrels on the sunny side grow in a standard small size. On average, their weight does not exceed 150 grams. The skin of the fruit is completely covered with small white dots.

Summarizing the above, there are five epithets about the Talgar beauty pear:

  • juicy
  • crispy
  • sweet
  • fine-grained
  • fragrant.

The benefits of a pear are obvious to the naked eye when you see an autumn pear tree thickly covered with fruits. Mostly ripening occurs in the second half of September. The fruits of such a tree are preserved for a long time in a cellar or any other dry and cool place, but only if they are fully ripe. They can lie like this until December. Their application is varied. Therefore, their elasticity will contribute to the possibility of long-distance transportation without problems and the safety of fruits.

Ripening occurs in the second half of September

The description of the pear includes information on how quickly the tree will begin to bear fruit. In this case, you will have to wait until the pear gets stronger and gains strength. In this species, this period lasts on average 4-5 years. As already mentioned, the fruiting of the tree pleases the owners. This happens every year, which is doubly enjoyable.

Pros and cons of pears Talgar beauty

Pear Talgar beauty is a plant that, like any representatives of the "vegetable garden", is attacked by pests. Since this pear was bred by selective crossing of three pollinators: Hoverla, Favorite Klapp and Conference, this gave it a high immune resistance to external pests. She is not subject to fungal diseases and even scab.

The pear is so amazing that it has practically no flaws. The abundance of its characteristics pleases gardeners with excellent results. But, there are disadvantages, albeit not significant. Pear pulp changes color from light to brown in case of late harvest. It is not stored for a long time, because due to its over-ripeness it loses both taste and vitamin qualities.

The above characteristics of the Talgar beauty pear indicate the presence of positive features of the plant.

  • An unpretentious variety of pears to care for.
  • Looks great in the autumn when the color of the leaves changes.
  • Large-fruited and high-yielding tree.
  • The pears are delicious and meaty.
  • The tree is resistant to cold and frost.
  • High resistance to external damage, including scab.
  • Long-term storage, high lightness.
  • Requires minimal intervention and worries.

Regardless of the changing weather conditions, the tree is distinguished by longevity and productivity. Having appreciated the taste of pears and the time spent on care, the fruits will become a favorite fruit in the owner's refrigerator. Are you thinking of planting a juicy, beautiful and fruitful pear on the site? You will make the right choice if you stop your gaze on the "Talgar Beauty".The tree that the gardener dreams of is easy to care for, unpretentious and demonstrates an amazing harvest.


Advantages and disadvantages

The variety is famous for its impressive number of advantages.

Talgar Beauty has a significant number of positive properties. But the disadvantages of this pear are insignificant.

Table: strengths and weaknesses of the variety

Positive traitsdisadvantages
Sweet tasteLoss of taste and the formation of dark spots on fruits with late harvest
Attractive appearance and large fruit sizeCrispy pulp
Winter hardiness
Drought tolerance
Good transportability
Long shelf life (up to February)
Scab immunity
Early maturity (for 4-5 years)
Regular fruiting
Resistance of ripe pears to shedding

Video: overview and characteristics of mature fruits


Description of fruits

The variety gives fruits large, elongated pear-shaped or bottle-shaped. The peel is smooth, yellow, with a red blush. Dots are present - white or green, in large quantities. Each fruit comes with a thick, slightly curved peduncle. Read how to grow a pear from a seed here.

  1. Calorie content. 100 g of pear contains 55 calories. The fruits are rich in trace elements, vitamins, valuable acids and other nutrients. The fruit contains a large amount of sugar. This article will tell you about the calorie content of a pear.
  2. Taste. The pulp is creamy or white, crispy, sweet, with small grains, juicy. A very tasty variety.
  3. Fruit sizes. The Talgar beauty produces large fruits, the average weight of which is 200 g.
  4. Application. The purpose of the fruits is dessert, they have high tasting ratings. Pears can be eaten fresh, dried, canned, used for making jam, compotes.

Harvest unripe fruits to keep them as long as possible.


How the variety is pollinated

The pear rarely has the ability to self-pollinate, in this the described variety is a typical representative of the crop. Self-fertile Talgar beauty will not bear fruit without pollinators, the most suitable sources of pollen for her are Conference pears, Goverla and Kucheryanka. And also other varieties blooming in medium terms can become them, the main thing is that the flowering period overlaps for at least 5-7 days.

To begin with, it is worth looking for a pollinator among the growing pears, perhaps there are already trees blooming at a similar time within a radius of 50 meters.

The closer the pollen source is, the better the pollination conditions. Experts say that the work of bees is most effective at a distance not exceeding 40-50 m.

If there are no suitable plants in the immediate vicinity, and there is sorely lack of space on the site, you can graft the desired variety into the crown of the Talgar beauty.

Grafting a pollinator variety into the crown of a self-fertile Talgar beauty will increase its yield and at the same time save space on the site


Landing features

When choosing a place for planting, remember that the Talgar beauty is not too demanding on growing conditions, although, like all pears, it prefers sunny places. She does not need protection from the wind, since the fruits of this variety are very resistant to shedding.

Pear loves a sunny place

If you are not going to plant immediately, protect the seedling from drying out. To do this, their root system must be moistened and wrapped in burlap or polyethylene, the existing leaves must be removed. If the seedlings begin to dry up during transportation, they are placed in water for 24–48 hours to restore viability, and not only the roots, but also the stem are immersed in water. After delivering the seedlings to the site, dig them in right away, even if the planting is scheduled for the next few hours. Before this, the seedlings are examined and any broken or damaged roots and branches are cut off with a pruner or a garden knife. The cut at the roots should "look" down, so it will come into contact with the soil. In the garden, pear trees are placed at a distance of at least three meters from each other.

A pear seedling requires a pit 1–1.5 m in diameter and 0.6–0.7 m deep. In lowlands and for dense soils, do not dig a hole deeper than 0.4 m so that water does not accumulate in it. It is best to prepare the hole in early September (regardless of whether you are going to plant in autumn or spring) and immediately fill it with a mixture of soil and fertilizers - this will speed up the onset of the fruiting pore and increase yields. Take soil only from the surface layer, if there is not enough soil, add it from the row spacing.

To support the seedling, drive a 130–150 cm long stake into the bottom of the hole to a depth of 12–15 cm. Make sure it does not reach the lower branch of the seedling. Then add a mixture of soil and fertilizers (mineral and organic).

If the pit fills up 5-6 months before planting, apply any organic matter (excluding fresh manure). If less than 1 month is left before planting, take compost or humus (3-4 buckets), peat (6-10 buckets) or rotted manure (25-30 kg). When using peat, it must first be composted with small volumes of rapidly decomposing organic matter (slurry, feces). From mineral fertilizers, potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen must be added. Nitrogen fertilizers promote growth enhancement (at a dose of 70–100 g). Superphosphate (1 kg) can be used for phosphorus enrichment. When planting on acidic soils, take 2 kg of a mixture of 1 part of superphosphate with 2 parts of phosphate rock (dose per 1 tree). Potassium is introduced in the form of wood ash (about 1 kg), potassium chloride (140-150 g) or potassium sulfate (250-300 g). Before adding, you can mix them with ground limestone or lime (in a 1: 1 ratio).

The landing pit is being prepared in advance

It is also good to add lime in the form of ground dolomite or limestone (0.7–1 kg). When applied simultaneously with ash, the amount of lime is reduced by 1.5–2 times. On sandy soils, dolomite or dolomitized lime enriched with magnesium is added.

Fill the soil mixed with fertilizers into the hole 2/3 of its depth and cover it with a layer of earth on top.

Planting pears should be done in late September - early October (but no later than 20-25 days before the soil freezes) or in early spring - until mid-May (after snowmelt). In the middle lane, spring planting usually gives a better result than autumn planting. In the southern regions, it can be planted in the fall.

Step-by-step planting process:

  1. Before planting, the roots of the tree are dipped in liquid clay (or soil solution). Just make sure that the clay does not dry out on the roots - it will do harm instead of benefit.
  2. An earthen mound is poured to the stake driven into the center of the pit. A seedling with straightened roots is placed on it close to the stake so that the root collar remains 4-7 cm above the soil level. This can be determined using a landing board. It is more convenient to plant together: one person places the tree at the required height and straightens the roots, the second pours loose soil. In this case, the seedling must be shaken several times, then it is better to fill all the gaps between the roots with soil.
  3. A roller is poured around the tree, and a depression is made in the middle for watering. The diameter of the roller is equal to the size of the pit.
  4. The seedling is watered (10–20 liters of water), even when it rains. When moisture is absorbed into the ground, mulching is carried out with humus or peat (18–20 kg per tree).
  5. The seedling is tied to the stake, but not too tightly, since then it cannot settle with the soil, and the roots may be exposed. After the final subsidence of the soil, the tree is firmly attracted to the stake to provide support in the winds.

After planting, the root collar should be 5 - 7 cm above the soil level

Planting a seedling too high will expose its roots. In this case, they need to be covered with earth and the tree will begin to actively grow.


Diseases and pests

Despite the fact that the variety is very resistant to diseases, for the purpose of prevention, every year the tree is sprayed with fungicides and insecticides to protect against sucker puck, pear gall mite and goldtail. For the same purpose, infusions of nettle, calendula and chamomile are used.

When infected with fruit rot, the affected fruits are removed and destroyed, and the tree is treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid or 4% copper oxychloride solution.

For 10 liters of water, take 25 g of the drug and spray the tree with the resulting solution until complete recovery 1 time per week.

Talgar beauty is a unique variety, the advantages of which largely outweigh the disadvantages. It will become a worthy addition and even decoration of any garden!

Talgar beauty is an achievement of Kazakh breeders. The authorship of the variety is registered to A.N. Katseiko. The most widespread was in the Stavropol Territory and in the Krasnodar Territory. According to the description, photo and reviews, the Talgar beauty pear develops well on quince stocks, which provides it with a fairly high winter hardiness.


Pear care

When caring for the crown, the following nuances must be taken into account: the natural shape of the crown is prone to spreading, therefore, shaping in the form of a bowl with a notch of the central conductor will be the most logical solution.

The crown of the Talgar beauty is best formed in the form of a bowl. Skeletal branches growing almost at right angles from the trunk are under great stress in productive years.

Since the wood of the Talgar beauty is quite fragile, it is worthwhile to take care of installing supports under the branches in advance. The wood of the Talgar beauty is characterized by fragility, therefore, in good years it is worth installing supports under the branches.

Do not forget to carry out standard types of pruning:

  • sanitary,
  • regulating (thinning)
  • supporting fruiting (shortening).

Young plants are watered 10-12 times during the season for 3-4 years. As they grow older, the trees acquire the drought resistance characteristic of the variety, therefore, the amount of watering is reduced to two or three per season, depending on the rate of precipitation.

During a prolonged drought, it is not worth allowing the soil to dry out; it is better to water the plants once again. If all the necessary nutrients have been introduced into the planting pit, fertilizing begins according to the standard scheme 3-4 years after planting.

Talgar pear needs to be watered and fed like any other pear. A high degree of resistance to fungal diseases makes it possible to dispense with preventive measures when protecting plants. If diseases cannot be avoided during the rainy season, fungicides are traditionally used to combat them.

Protective sanitary and preventive works are also the most effective against possible damage by pests. In order not to have to deal with huge colonies of harmful insects, it is better to prevent their appearance.


Watch the video: Ethno Village Huns and nearby Talgar aimaq in Kazakhstan