When to dig tulips after flowering, how to store
Tulips are spring primroses, the flowering of which ends in May. After flowering, gardeners dig up the tulip bulbs and store them until autumn.
But do you need to dig up the bulbs every year? And when is the best time to do it? And how to store the dug up bulbs before planting? We will give answers to all these questions in our article.
When do you need to dig up tulips
Every year, each bulb grows with four or seven children, who feed on the mother's bulb. If you want to enjoy the flowering of tulips every year, you need to give the bulbs a rest and separate the babies from them in a timely manner. In addition, bulbs that have not been dug out for years gradually go deeper and deeper into the soil, and it becomes more difficult for the sprout to break through the soil. It is for these reasons that gardeners dig up tulip bulbs after flowering, tidy them up and plant them again in the fall.
Watch a video on how and when to dig out tulips
Photo: Dug tulip bulbs after flowering
However, this issue should be approached selectively:
- bulbs of simple and wild tulips, as well as varieties Kaufman, Greig and Foster you can dig it up once every 4-5 years, and this will not affect their attractiveness in any way;
- the bulbs of modern hybrid varieties, Dutch tulips and late flowering tulips must be dug up annually.
When to dig up bulbs
Yellowed and withered foliage and an elastic, unbreakable tulip stem are a sign that the bulbs can already be removed from the ground. Usually such signs appear by the end of June or by the beginning of July. In the northern regions, tulip leaves turn yellow later - by mid-August. By this time, the leaves will have time to transfer the necessary nutrients to the bulbs, and they will be able to regain their strength after flowering.
Growing tulips from A to Z - everything you need to know
How to dig
The bulbs are removed from the ground in good, clear weather. A week before the procedure, watering of tulips is stopped: you need to choose bulbs from dry soil. This must be done carefully, trying not to damage small children - planting material for the propagation of tulips. Dig deeper: if you haven't dug out the bulbs for several years, they probably went deep. It is better to use a fork instead of a shovel for this purpose to reduce the risk of damaging the bulbs.
Preparing the bulbs for storage
Shake the bulbs from the ground, dry them in a sunny place, cut off the above-ground part and sort by size, rejecting damaged, disease or pests. Wash the planting material selected for storage with a saline solution - dissolve 1 tablespoon of sodium chloride in 1 liter of water. You can also use a light pink solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection. Then dry the bulbs again, arrange them into varieties in one or two layers in boxes or boxes and attach tags with the names of the varieties. It is most convenient to store the bulbs in egg trays, spreading them out into the cells.
Storing tulip bulbs
For three weeks, while the buds are set for flowering next season, the bulbs should be stored at a temperature of 25-28 ºC and an air humidity of no higher than 70%. Then the planting material is transferred to a cooler, dry place and stored at a temperature of 20 ºC, and from September the temperature is lowered to 15 ºC.
Small bulbs of tulips - children - do not keep warm: they can dry out. They are immediately placed for storage in a cool place, and in early or mid-August they are planted on the school garden for growing.
When can you plant tulips in a flower garden
From mid-September to November - more exact dates depend on climatic and weather conditions - rested tulip bulbs are planted in a flower garden. For their successful rooting, the soil temperature must be at least 9-12 ºC.
Details about the autumn planting of tulips - detailed information
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When and how to dig up tulips, store bulbs
After flowering, a summer resident who grows tulips may have questions about whether it is necessary to dig up flower bulbs, how and what to do with them next. If you want to preserve the varietal properties of flowers, especially for the fringed, parrot or green-colored group, then you need to dig out the tulip bulbs annually. Tulip varieties do not need annual digging: Darwin hybrids, Simple early, Triumph, Foster, Kaufman and others. However, it's best not to risk it.
Why dig up tulips after flowering
In the conditions of our flower beds, tulip bulbs (even during one season) tend to deepen and, if we do not choose them from the ground, then every year they will go deeper and deeper. It will be difficult for the sprouts to make their way up from the depths - as a result, the bulbs will simply rot in the ground, not even leaving the children. The spring flower bed will be empty ...
There is another reason why tulips need to be dug up. After flowering, the bulbs should form a new flower arrow during the dormant period. The main requirement is that at this time they must be at a temperature not lower than 25 ° C. But the deeper, the lower the soil temperature. The farther north tulips grow, the more difficult it is to provide them with the desired temperature at depth.
Thus, there are at least two reasons for picking tulips from the soil after flowering:
- avoid natural burrowing of the bulbs
- ensure the storage temperature is not lower than 25 ° C to form a full-fledged flower arrow.
If you want to admire the large flowers of tulips, it is recommended to remove the bulbs from the ground every year.
This is one of the main methods of tulip cultivation.
Leaving the bulbs untouched in the ground, we deliberately contribute to the grinding of flowers, since several children form next to one bulb, which will also sprout in the spring. We will get a bunch of tulip sprouts that will interfere with each other's growth and development, they will also lack food. As a result, every year we will receive flowers in the flowerbed smaller and smaller. In addition, remaining in the ground, tulip bulbs accumulate diseases, and they will bloom the next year later than usual.
For the best formation of the flower arrow after flowering, immediately cut off all the peduncles, do not let the seed box ripen.
I am often asked whether it is necessary to extract tulips from the ground that have been planted in special baskets for bulbs? Indeed, in this case, the bottom of the plastic mold will not allow the bulbs to deepen.
That's right, deepening will not occur, but without picking out the bulbs from the ground, which over time become overgrown with children, you risk losing abundant flowering - the flowers will become smaller, their number will decrease, and not grow.
Planting tulips and other bulbs in plastic bulb baskets makes digging much easier and faster. All bulbs - large, medium, small - are in one place, it is impossible to miss them, leave them in the ground.
The timing of digging and planting
For each type of work with flowers growing in open ground, there are certain deadlines that must be adhered to in order for the plants to get maximum benefit. There is no binding to calendar dates - the state and appearance of the tulip plays a role, and they depend on the climate, weather conditions during this period of time, varietal characteristics.
When to dig
The readiness of the underground part for digging is indicated by the appearance of the plant when it enters the dormant stage after the end of flowering. During this period, the outer leaf turns yellow, dries, the color of the stem and inner leaf becomes faded. These signs indicate that all the juices are concentrated in the bulb, and it's time to get it out of the ground. This period falls on the 3rd decade of June and the 1st-2nd decade of July.
Early excavation will lead to the fact that the underground part will not have time to accumulate nutrients, and this will affect the development of the aboveground part. If you skip this time, the leaves and stems will dry out, fall off and it will be impossible to find the location of the bulbs, and it is easy to damage them when they are released from the ground blindly.
Days to dig for tulips in 2021:
Planting in autumn
Reproduction of tulips takes place with the help of baby bulbs - they carry all the information about the variety. Tulip bulbs must be planted in a timely manner in the fall - they must gain the necessary supply of nutrients, which will lay the foundation for obtaining a large flower. With early planting, seedlings may appear that will die in frost, if planted late, then the root system will not have time to form and the plant will die. Spring planting is not practiced, because the setting of a flower bud occurs later, the flowering period is shifted, and the time required to prepare the plant for digging is reduced accordingly.
In the northern regions of the Urals, Siberia, you can plant a little earlier - at the end of August, in central Russia this is the period of September, when there is no longer the summer heat, and the time for a prolonged bad weather has not yet come. In the southern regions, on the contrary, they are planted later - in the middle or at the end of November.
Landing dates by region:
- middle strip of Russia - September
- southern regions, Rostov region - October
- Krasnodar and the region - II decade of November
- Moscow and the region - early October
- Ural - I decade of September
- northern regions of the Central part, Siberia - II-III decade of August
- St. Petersburg and the region - the first decade of September.
The place is chosen in a well-lit area, protected from through winds. You can build a ridge under the crown of a tree - in the spring, when flowering begins, there are no leaves yet, and there will be enough light. If flowers are planted in a flower garden in winter, then first you need to draw up a plan for the placement of crops so that when digging out tulips you do not harm neighboring plants.
Digging out the tulip bulbs. When and how should this be done?
It should be noted that there are several opinions about the frequency of digging tulip bulbs. Someone advises to do this every year, others only once in 2 years, and some suggest doing this even less often. However, the practice is on the side of those who are used to digging out the bulbs every year. But, if you don't do this every year, then the reproduction rate decreases significantly, the bulbs themselves become much smaller, the plant's nutritional area decreases, the bulbs begin to get sick more often (or they are attacked by pests), the soil becomes less nutritious, and there is an accumulation pathogens. You don't have to dig up the smaller bulbs, and grow them like a biennial crop. This method is not suitable for other instances.
When to dig up?
It is best to carry out this simple procedure in June, or, more precisely, in the middle of it, or already at the end of the month. The foliage of tulips by this time is already very dry, but it has not yet completely moved away from the bulbs, so you can easily determine their location, and when digging, you will not damage the bulbs.
How to dig it out?
As for the order of their digging, then start with the early varieties. At this stage, immediately discard diseased bulbs, as well as those that have not sprouted. They are simply destroyed.
It happens that the tops of the bulbs still do not want to separate. Such specimens are placed in a cool room, where they "ripen", and then these tops are already removed. The best way to dig up the bulbs is with a pitchfork. With their help, you can more safely remove the bulbs from the ground without damaging them. A shovel, nevertheless, is a more dangerous tool in this sense. In addition to the pitchfork, prepare two more boxes. In one of them, adults will need to put the bulbs, and in the other - children. Also, you will need potassium permanganate, and a pen (or, you can take a marker), plus more paper. All this is needed to sign the names of varieties.
How to store?
For storage, those bulbs that have dried well are already removed. Now, let's once again briefly go through the entire procedure, from digging to the procedure for storing the bulbs.
So, you have determined the location of the tulips, carefully dig them out with a pitchfork, without damaging the bulb itself. If the tops are still sticking, then there is no need to remove them at this stage.We shake off all the ground. We prepare a 0.5 percent solution of potassium permanganate, and in it we pickle our bulbs for about 30 minutes. It is believed that a similar procedure, carried out twice (after digging the bulbs, and, again, before planting them), is a good protection for them from pests. In addition to protection, we thus give the tulips all the manganese they need.
Now, the already processed bulbs can be laid out in the boxes. Do not forget to sign their grades. For the boxes, you need to choose a room that is sufficiently well ventilated. There, in 2-3 days, the bulbs will dry out. This time will be quite enough for nutrients - they can already completely pass from the tops to the bulbs. After that, the tops are removed.
When the bulbs are dry, you can sort them. Children should be separated from adults. For storing all (in size and quality) tulip bulbs, paper bags are well suited, in which we make holes. In such bags, they can be successfully stored in the pantry, again, if only it is ventilated well enough. Do not forget to write the name of the variety on the bag, so you will not allow misgrading. You need to plant the bulbs again in early September.
And here is also a video where they will tell you about the timing of digging tulips and show you how to do this. We look.
If you need to dig up tulips blooming or forming buds, you should do this:
- Cut off all flowers, leaving leaves.
- Dig up the bulbs with a large clod of soil.
- Transplant to a new location. If it is sunny, the planting should be shaded so that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the plants.
- Water abundantly.
- After the leaves turn yellow and dry, they are dug out.
- During this time, small replacement bulbs will form inside the old bulbs. It is they who are removed for storage.
Important! These tulips will not bloom next season, the bulb will gain strength.
Watch the video! Rules for digging and storing tulips
Working with planting material deserves special attention, since the formation of future flowers occurs directly in the bulbs. In order not to happen that not all bulbs will sprout or the flowers will not be as charming as expected, it is necessary to correctly plant the autumn plant.
It is best to plant tulips in the fall, as they are one of the first spring flowers. They begin to sprout when the last snow has not yet melted, which is why they need to be planted in the fall, in order to admire this cute plant in the spring and cheer yourself up.
Also, the active development of the bulb occurs just in the autumn and even in winter. Natural cooling contributes to the normal course of some processes for the formation of the arrow of the future tulip. It is the cooling that contributes to the rapid ejection of the arrow in early spring. In addition, tulips will not bloom at all without a cooling period.
It is recommended to plant tulips in September - October. It is best to choose the middle ground in the numbers when the soil temperature is kept at around 10 degrees. Immediately before planting, the planting material must be disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The dormant period of the bulbs ends by the beginning of autumn, and they begin to germinate. You can plant at any autumn time, there are practically no strict planting restrictions. They can be planted in early autumn, together with garlic before the first frost. In order for the flowers to develop and bloom correctly, it is necessary to carry out the planting correctly.
- planting depth is determined according to the size of the bulb. It must be planted to a depth equal to three of its dimensions. That is, if the length of the bulb is 2 cm, it must be planted to a depth of 6 cm.
- large bulbs will look better and more harmonious in the center of the composition, and small ones, on the contrary, around or in front
- when planting, you need to keep a distance for large bulbs - 10 cm, for small ones - 5-8 cm
- tulips of different varieties and sizes are planted at a distance of 20 cm.This method will help not to confuse the bulbs of different varieties when digging
- tulips need to be planted in holes, on the bottom of which a layer of sand must first be placed; when planting, you do not need to press them in
- placing bulbs in holes with sand, cover with soil
- after planting, water the flowers for about 10 days.
If you correctly plant the autumn planting, you can enjoy tulips for many years in a row.
As you can see, tulips are not so difficult to care for. The main thing that is needed is to consistently carry out the autumn digging, drying, storage and planting actions. If everything is done correctly, a flower bed with tulips will delight the owners for many years.