How to transplant strawberries to a new place correctly
Fruit and berry plants
Gardeners who grow strawberries know that in one area this crop gives a good harvest for only 4-5 seasons, after which it begins to degenerate, and the garden needs to be moved to another place.
How to choose a good site for strawberries, how to prepare the soil on it and how to transplant strawberry bushes - we will try to answer these questions in our article.
New strawberry plot
A change of site is usually carried out in the first half of August, so that the bushes have time to root before the onset of cold weather, and already next year one could count on a harvest of berries. A place for strawberries should be chosen sunny, preferably surrounded by low bushes. Often, rows are placed between seedlings of fruit trees or along the vine: taller plants will protect the delicate leaves of strawberries from the burning sun and drafts.
Avoid planting strawberries in low areas where melt water or rain water can stagnate. Areas located on steep slopes and those on which groundwater occur above one and a half meters are contraindicated for culture.
Strawberries need a loose, moist soil of a slightly acidic reaction - pH 5.5-6.5. In terms of composition, sandy loam or alluvial-loamy humus soil will be optimal, since it is such a soil that retains moisture well. Of great importance for the health of strawberries is which crops preceded it. It grows best after grains and legumes, leafy vegetables, root vegetables, onions and garlic. Onion plants are also great neighbors for strawberries, as they protect them from pests.
However, after cucumbers, tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers and any variety of cabbage, it is not recommended to grow strawberries, since they are easily affected by the same diseases from which nightshade and cruciferous plants suffer.
Preparing a plot for strawberries
A place for strawberries is prepared in advance, in the spring: the earth is dug to a depth of 25-30 cm with humus or compost at the rate of 5-10 kg / m². Of the mineral fertilizers, superphosphate (30 g / m²), wood ash (2 glasses per m²) or potassium chloride (10 g / m²) are suitable, but it is better to scatter ready-made complex fertilizer for strawberries over the surface of the plot, which can be purchased in the garden pavilion, after why dig up the earth to the depth of the bayonet of the shovel. A small amount of river sand is also introduced into black soil and loam for digging.
It is better not to apply fertilizer immediately before planting, otherwise you can burn the young roots of the plant.
In August, before transplanting strawberries, the surface of the plot must be leveled.
In the photo: Preparing beds for transplanting strawberries
Transplanting strawberries and forming beds
When planting, the distance between the bushes is approximately 25-35 cm, and between the rows - 60-80 cm.The best planting material is young, but developed bushes with three or more leaves and a root lobe reaching a length of 5 cm. Strawberries are planted in cloudy weather or in the evening, after sunset. The holes are dug about 15 cm deep. Then 500-800 ml of cold water is poured into each hole, a seedling is placed in it, its roots are straightened and the hole is filled with soil. After planting, the root collar should be at ground level: when the collar is deepened, the bush will begin to rot, and if it is too high above the surface, the roots of the bush may dry out.
Photo: Transplanting strawberry seedlings
The next day, the surface of the site is mulched with freshly cut grass or straw. It is better not to use sawdust as mulch: over time, they cake and because of this, air stops flowing to the roots of strawberries. At first, especially in the heat, about 1 liter of water must be poured under each bush. If the weather is not hot, each plant will need half a liter of water every other day.
In the following video, you will learn about the personal experience of transplanting strawberries to a new place:
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Sections: Herbaceous Fruit and berry plants Strawberry Pink (Rosaceae) Herbaceous
How to properly plant strawberries in the fall to get a good harvest in the first year
Greetings to all gardeners and gardeners! The rules for transplanting this delicious berry are improved every year. Therefore, even experienced gardeners will be interested in knowing how to plant strawberries in the fall, how to prepare them for winter, which seedlings to choose, how to use the planting scheme, what to add to the soil, what distance to keep during a new planting?
Benefits of an autumn transplant
Many gardeners claim that autumn is the best time to transplant Rosaceae plants. Why? Due to the frequent autumn rains, crop care during this period can be minimized. In addition, rains will help young seedlings to root better, since the soil at this time has a high level of moisture. But the question arises: when to transplant strawberries in the fall, in what month?
In September, you can already transplant strawberries. In warm regions, you can perform these manipulations in October. In this case, young seedlings will have time to build up a sufficient leaf mass for their safe wintering. Everything, as they say, must be done in a timely manner, then you can expect a worthy reward - a bountiful harvest.
Thanks to the autumn transplantation of berries, in the spring the bushes will already bloom, and you can indulge in a small harvest. With a spring transplant, it is not necessary to expect fruiting in principle.
Why is it better to replant in the fall
Summer residents are engaged in strawberry transplanting all year round. Some even transplant those bushes that are bearing fruit at a given time, which is highly discouraged.
Often, strawberries are transplanted in the spring. This option is acceptable. However, such bushes will bear fruit only next year, if the weather is suitable for the rooting of plants in summer. Strawberries do not like heat and need moisture.
Autumn is the best time to transplant strawberries. The autumn transplant is good because in September the earth does not have time to cool down yet, it is saturated with moisture, and the weather is not hot. Before winter, the young bush will have time to take root, put down roots and new leaves, with which it should be covered for the winter. A bush that is already strong, ready to harvest in the summer, and is not afraid of cold weather, will winter. The maximum yield is given by 2- and 3-year-old plants. But annuals will not leave you without fragrant berries in the summer.
The only thing to worry about is early frost. They will cause irreparable damage to immature seedlings. Therefore, it is advisable to look at the weather forecasts. If necessary, you can postpone the transplant to an earlier date (mid or late August).
Summer and autumn transplant
As for whether strawberries can be transplanted in summer, it should be noted that this is not a very good time. Plants should be planted carefully during this period. You can start work only after harvesting the fruits, from July to August. The closer to the end of summer, the better.
Choose a cool day or evening for replanting strawberries. Fertilize the garden bed for it with compost and dig it up twice. The seedlings must be fresh. It is best to dig it up just before disembarking.
Leave two or three shoots on the selected bushes. The rest - carefully remove. Extra shoots weaken the plant. In order for strawberries to winter safely, they need proper care. To do this, water and feed it often enough.
According to gardeners, autumn is the most favorable time for transplanting strawberries. It is rich in rainfall, making it easy to care for your plants. The soil at this time is well saturated with moisture, and, consequently, the root system develops better. The leaves of young plants will have time to grow before winter, which will allow them to painlessly go through this period.
Depending on climatic conditions, strawberries are planted from September to October. But no later than twenty-five days before the first frost, which may come in November. By spring, the bushes will bloom, and in June the first fruits will appear on them. There is no need to wait for a bountiful harvest, but the berries will grow quite good.
Novice gardeners are interested in the timing of transplanting strawberries. The transplant can be done in spring, autumn and summer. If the transplant takes place in the spring, then this should be done as early as possible, preferably in early April. If you transplant the bushes in late April or early May, it will grow and develop more slowly. In the summer, you can transplant the bushes too.
It is best to do this in July-August and choose cloudy days. Frequent watering will also be needed, especially during dry periods. To prevent crust formation on the ground after watering, the ground must be mulched. Young plants should also be protected from direct sun.
Autumn is the best time for replanting strawberry bushes. It is not so hot in autumn, and it rains much more often than in summer. Therefore, strawberries will need less maintenance. It is best to replant strawberry bushes in autumn at the end of August and 20 days before the first frost. But even in the fall, you can choose the best time for transplanting. If the weather is rainy and cloudy, you can do a strawberry transplant during the day. If the weather is dry and sunny, it is better to wait until evening.
Never scoop out strawberries for transplanting in advance. Then the roots of the plant are weathered and dry out. If, for some reason, you dug it out earlier, then you need to take care of the safety of the roots: the earth is not removed from them completely, they are sprayed with water and wrapped in plastic wrap. Thus, the bushes can be stored until they are planted in a new bed.
Strawberry transplant can be done at any time of the year, while it is warm, but the best period will be late summer, early autumn or spring. Then the engraftment and development of the bush will be faster and more painless.
Things to Consider When Transplanting Strawberries
The first step is to prepare the soil and choose a place for planting young plants.
Choosing a place for planting
This issue must be approached responsibly. Since the health of the bushes and the harvest depend on the place allocated for the beds. When choosing a place, you need to remember about the crop rotation of plants. Good predecessors for strawberries would be:
It is good to plant strawberries after siderates. But do not forget about those crops after which it is not recommended to plant strawberries, there is a high risk of infection with verticillary wilting.
But if the territory does not allow transferring the planting to a favorable place, then it is imperative to decontaminate the soil. For this, fungicides are used.
The area for strawberry beds should be located in a calm place, but well lit.
Raspberry care after transplant
Caring for transplanted bushes is generally standard, as with caring for raspberries. However, at first, you need to observe a special regime: shade the bushes, constantly keep the soil moist and feed in the spring.
When transplanting raspberries in the spring, when the sun is quite hot, immediately after transplanting, be sure to shade the seedlings from the sun from the south side. So it is advisable to keep them for about a week, then the shading can be removed.
When planting at any time of the year, and especially in spring, it is important to monitor the moisture content of the soil, it should not be allowed to dry out. The planted plants need to be watered depending on the “weather outside the window”.
- In the spring, you need to water every other day, pouring 2 liters of water under the seedling, if there is no rain, and do this for a month until young locks appear.
- In the fall, watering can be carried out every 2 days, if there is no rain, for about 15-20 days.
- It is not worth feeding the plants in the fall, the fertilizers that you applied to the soil before planting are enough.
- When planting in spring, it is advisable to add 1 tsp under each plant in a month. nitroammophoska dissolved in water.
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