A plant like chrysalidocarpus (Chrysalidocarpus) is directly related to the Arecaceae family. This palm tree is quite common and in nature it can be found in Madagascar and the Comoros. The genus was so named because of the light yellow color of the fruit. From the ancient Greek language chryseus - "golden", karpos - "fruit". It happens that such palms are called Areca (an outdated name).
Such a palm tree can be both multi-stemmed bushy and single-stemmed. It can reach a height of 9 meters. Erect unbranched stems have a pubescent or smooth surface. There are shoots swollen in rings, they may also have lateral offshoots, which together represent a group. The cirrus leaves have 40 to 60 pairs of lanceolate leaves that are dissected at the tops. The leaves are located in the upper part of the shoots on thin cuttings. There are species in which basal leaves grow near the stem and they merge with the general crown of the plant. This plant is both bi and monoecious.
Chrysalidocarpus care at home
This plant loves bright light and is calm in direct sunlight. Recommended to be placed near a south-facing window. However, in the summertime, the palm will need to be shaded from the midday scorching rays of the sun.
In summer, chrysalidocarpus needs heat from 22 to 25 degrees. At other times, it must be rearranged to a place with a temperature of 18 to 23 degrees (but not less than 16 degrees). Throughout the year, the plant needs regular ventilation of the room, but at the same time remember that the palm tree must be protected from the effects of drafts.
Needs high humidity. In this regard, in the spring and summer period, it must be sprayed regularly and often enough. To do this, use well-settled soft water at room temperature. You also need to wash the leaves of the plant once every 2 weeks. In the autumn-winter period, it is impossible to moisten the palm tree from the sprayer.
How to water
In spring and summer, watering should be abundant and should be carried out as the topsoil dries up. To do this, use well-settled soft water. With the onset of the autumn period, they begin to gradually reduce watering, bringing it to moderate. At the same time, make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out completely. In the autumn-winter period, overflow is unacceptable, because it can extremely negatively affect the state of the chrysalidocarpus. At this time, watering is recommended after 2 or 3 days have passed after the topsoil has dried out.
It is necessary to fertilize the plant throughout the year. In the spring-summer period, feeding is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks. To do this, use fertilizer for palm trees or mineral fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants. In the cold season, fertilizers should be applied to the soil 1 time in 4 weeks.
To prepare a suitable soil mixture, it is necessary to combine humus-leaf, light clay-sod and peat soil, as well as rotted manure and sand, which should be taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1. You also need to add a small amount of charcoal to the mixture. If desired, you can purchase ready-made potting soil for palm trees.
Reacts extremely negatively to the transplant. In this regard, experts recommend transshipment, while it is necessary to replace the drainage and fill up with fresh soil mixture. Young plants are subjected to this procedure once a year, older ones - once every 3 or 4 years. Large specimens should not be reloaded; instead, the top layer of the substrate should be replaced once a year. Do not forget about good drainage at the bottom of the container.
You can propagate by root suckers or seeds. Before sowing in a light peat substrate, the seeds should be soaked in lukewarm water (30 degrees) for 2-4 days. The container is placed in a well-lit, warm (20-25 degrees) place with high humidity. The first seedlings will appear 3-4 months after sowing. After the appearance of the first true leaf, the plant must be transplanted into a separate pot with a diameter equal to 10-12 centimeters.
Root offspring grow from the inferior adventitious buds. At the base of the offspring, their own root system develops. Such offspring can be easily separated from the mother plant and rooted in light soil. It is recommended to propagate in this way in the spring and summer.
Pests and diseases
Can catch a fungal infection. As a result, spots are formed on the foliage, which gradually grow. They have the shape of an oval or a circle, and are painted brown-red with a pale outline. In order to cure a palm tree, it must be treated with a fungicide and for a while stop moisturizing the foliage.
Worms often settle at the bottom of the leaves. As a result, the leaf begins to turn yellow and is damaged. It is recommended to wipe the leaves with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol, and treat the plant with an insecticidal preparation.
Due to the settled mites, light yellow specks appear and the leaves gradually dry out. Treatment with acaricide should be carried out, as well as more frequent moistening of the foliage from the sprayer.
- The tips of the leaves are brown - low air humidity, poor watering, low air temperature, damage to foliage as a result of touching its surface.
- The foliage has brownish spots - overflow, a sharp drop in temperature, or hard water is used for irrigation.
- The tips of the foliage turn brown - low air humidity, too cold, poor watering.
- Leaves turn yellow - too intense lighting, poor watering.
- The foliage turns brown - over time, the lower leaves darken and fall off. They cannot be cut off, but only cut off. Darkening of the entire palm tree and the presence of signs of rotting indicates overflow.
Chrysalidocarpus yellowish (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
This plant is bushy, and it branches quite strongly at the base and has lateral rooting stems. Leaf petioles and young trunks are light yellow with small dark black dots. Their surface is comparatively smooth. Arcuate leaves in length can reach 200 centimeters, and their width is equal to 80-90 centimeters. Each leaf consists of 40-60 pairs of not drooping sufficiently strong leaves, reaching 15 millimeters in width. The furrowed petiole can reach a length of 50-60 centimeters. It is colored yellow and has a layer of blackish small scales on its surface. The axillary inflorescence is highly branched. This dioecious tree prefers to grow in a warm room.
Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis (Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis)
Such a plant is single-stemmed and it can reach a height of 9 meters, while the trunk diameter is 20-25 centimeters. The smooth trunk is slightly widened at the base and rings are clearly visible on it. Cirrus leaves consist of shiny leaves, arranged in a bundle and reaching a length of 45 centimeters. Axillary highly branched inflorescence has a length of 50 to 60 centimeters. The palm is grown only in a warm room.
Areca is a member of the Areca palm family, which consists of nearly 50 different plant species native to tropical rainforests in Asia. The palm tree consists of a long and thin stem with a smooth surface and traces - rings (in the form of scars) in the lower part, left over from large hard fallen leaves of a rich green color. Another distinctive feature of this plant are small-sized white flowers, collected in inflorescences-cobs, and red-yellow fruits with white-pink seeds.
Types and varieties
Only three species of areca palm plants are cultivated at home. The areca palm is often used as a houseplant. Betel palms are grown, yellowing and three-stalked. Any of them will bring a touch of freshness to the room of an evergreen representative of the tropical flora.
Palm tree catechu
Another name is betel palm or betel palm. One of the largest representatives of the genus. Areca catechu is a highly toxic, poisonous plant. Previously used in alternative medicine as an antidiarrheal and antihelminthic agent, as well as to reduce intraocular pressure. Nowadays, in Southeast Asia, catechu palm seeds, which are part of the gum, are used as an alternative to smoking. This chewing mass has a stimulating, antihelminthic, psychotropic and narcotic effect.
Areca catechu is best known among all members of the genus Areca. It is a slender, non-branched tree, up to 20-25 m high. The trunk is smooth, up to 20-50 cm in diameter, straight, unbranched, with numerous annular scars from fallen leaves.
The root system is branched, numerous roots extend from the base of the stem.
At the top of the trunk are alternately pinnate leaves up to 2 meters long. The leaves are lanceolate, pointed, smooth, glossy, with venation along the leaf, arranged quite densely, 30-60 cm long, up to 3 cm wide.
The plant is monoecious, male (stamen) and female (pistillate) flowers are on the same plant.
At the beginning of flowering, the flowers are collected in an inflorescence of an ear, but reaching a length of 1-1.5 m, they are transformed into paniculate. The flowers are white with a pleasant aroma. In the lower part of the panicle there are female flowers, in the upper part there are male flowers. After flowering, the fruit is formed - a single-seeded ovoid drupe up to 4-5 cm long. The fruit of the catechu palm is called the betel nut.
In its natural environment, it is found in tropical Asia, Indonesia, South Vietnam, on the coast of the Malay Peninsula, in eastern India, the islands of the Malay archipelago.
Widely cultivated throughout the tropical zone, it is a highly decorative species. On the territory of Russia can be seen in the greenhouses of botanical gardens. At home, it grows no higher than 3 meters.
In its natural environment, it is found in Madagascar, in tropical Asia, Oceania.
Bushy palm, strongly branching at the base, with rooted side shoots.
In the natural environment, the species of areca chrysalidocarpus grows up to 6-10 m in height, indoor specimens are not more than 2 meters.
The trunks of young plants, as well as leaf petioles, are smooth, yellowish with small black blotches.
The leaves are arcuate, 1.5-2 m long and 60-90 cm wide. The leaf segments are strong, rigid, about 1.5-2 cm wide, in the amount of 40-60 pairs. The petiole is 50-60 cm long, yellowish, furrowed, covered with small dark scales.
Botanists count about 20 species of areca chrysalidocarpus, the most famous are: yellowish chrysalidocarpus, three-stalked, Madagascar.
Growth area - Malaysia. Height is about 10 meters. The trunk is straight, thin, covered with annular markings. At home, it grows no higher than 2 meters. Leaves up to 1.3 m long, arcuate-curved, pinnate. Lanceolate leaves are planted quite tightly, reach 20-35 cm in length, up to 3 cm in width.
A distinctive feature is the yellowish color of the leaves and lushly branching bases, which makes the palm tree look like a bush. Often used in indoor culture. The yellowing areca species is highly decorative.
Plant height 2-3 m. Trunk diameter 5 cm, covered with annular scars. Leaves up to 1-1.5 m in length, pinnate, straight, glossy. A bush palm is formed by several trunks.
Inflorescence up to 80-100 cm in length, axillary, white flowers, with a scent reminiscent of lemon.
The fruit is a drupe, about 2.5 cm long. The species is highly decorative, often used in indoor culture. In its natural environment, it is found on the Malacca Peninsula and the territory of India.
Peperomia Obtusifolia (Obtusifolia)
A common type of blunt-leaved peperomia has a yellowish border along the edge. The leaves are shiny due to the wax coating on their surface. Venation is pronounced, has an arcuate shape. Flowering is the same as in all other varieties - nondescript, spike-shaped.
The shoots are erect at first, and then bend down under their own weight. The greatest decorativeness is achieved by hanging the pots on the wall or in the window opening, allowing the branches to hang freely down. He loves partial shade and daily spraying with warm boiled water.
For a beginner, the content of peperomia is difficult only because it cannot be neglected. Every morning it is necessary to check the moisture content of the soil and perform traditional spraying. But bright greens will be the best reward for your daily attention.