Libya grape variety: characteristics, planting and care features
The Libya grape is a relatively young variety, but has already won the sympathy of experienced gardeners. Thanks to its varietal qualities, Libya is gaining popularity in private viticulture. Not every gardener is familiar with the description of its properties due to the novelty of this variety of grapes. Useful information about the peculiarities of growing grapes of this variety will help to avoid common mistakes and get a good harvest of sweet berries.
Features of the grape variety Libya
Libya is one of the youngest and less well-known varieties. However, he has already earned the recognition of many gardeners as promising and worthy of attention. Libya is rapidly gaining popularity and is perfect for growing in a summer cottage.
History of the origin of nutmeg
The authorship of the variety belongs to a resident of Zaporozhye V.V. Zagorulko. The results of the work of this breeder are grape varieties that are already well known to Russian winegrowers:
Zagorulko bred Libya by crossing the table grape varieties Arcadia and Flamingo. Libya has inherited excellent external data and marketability from parental forms.
At home (Ukraine), the variety was included in the Register of Breeding Achievements in 2011. This table grape variety is considered to be early ripening, its ripening period is 105–110 days from the beginning of bud opening to the ripening ripeness of berries.
Photo gallery: parent varieties and bunch of Libya
Description of the grape variety Libya
Young vines of Libya are light brownish in color. The flowers of this variety are of two types: both male and female. Their nondescriptness does not in the least detract from the taste of future fruits, because the berries ripen incredibly tasty, with a slight hint of nutmeg.
The color of the berries is from light to dark pink. In one cluster, both pink and yellow berries can be noted. It's all about the unevenness of the onset of technical ripeness, while the color of each berry changes as it ripens.
Libya berries are large, do not contain many seeds, have a beautiful light pink color
More often in the Livia variety, berries are oval, often round, their size is 2.5 cm by 2.8 cm (width and length, respectively). The mass of one grape is about 10-15 g, the pulp is sweet and juicy, there are few seeds (2-3 pieces).
The berries are collected in large clusters, which most often take a cylindrical structure or do not have a specific shape. The weight of such a brush varies within a kilogram, and the length can be up to 25-30 cm.
The leaves on the shoots are light green, without pubescence. The first leaf is solid, while the others are five-lobed and moderately dissected. An adult vine in Libya is strong, powerful, elongates significantly upward.
Characteristics of the grape variety Libya: its advantages and disadvantages
The characteristic features of the Libya grape variety are hardiness in adverse weather conditions and resistance to most diseases.
An important advantage of the variety is its large fruit size. The fruits do not have a tough skin and astringent taste. But the nutmeg aroma lasts for a very long time - almost a month after the harvest. Excellent taste and nutritional properties of berries characterize this grape variety. The concentration of acids in fruits is 6-9 grams per liter, while the level of sugars in them is 20-23%. Thanks to this, this grape variety is called candy by the growers.
Good transportability and marketable appearance are the qualities for which the Libya variety is valued. It is possible to store the fruits for a month.
Libya today is bred not only privately, but also on an industrial scale. This variety is self-pollinated, therefore, a single Libyan bush can be placed on the site for an experiment. Even in this case, it will be possible to harvest a good harvest. At the same time, it is able to ripen only on moderately loaded vines, while on overloaded branches the yield indicator is only 70–80%.
The disadvantages of the Libya variety are few, but the gardener should know about them:
- heterogeneity of coloring of berries on the brush;
- weak resistance to such an ailment as oidium. It is dangerous because all the leaves on the plant are covered with gray mold. The problem is solved by means of treatments with fungicidal preparations. Resistance to mildew in Libya is somewhat higher, although preventive treatments will not be superfluous for the plant;
- high probability of damage by wasps;
- low resistance to frost - survival is possible only up to -21 0FROM.
Video: a quick overview of the Libya variety
Features of planting and growing varieties Libya
Fruiting of young seedlings begins after three to four years after planting them in open ground. With regular and conscientious care, Libya is capable of producing a rich harvest.
Basic landing rules
The grape variety Libya can be grown on the site through one of two possible methods - seedlings or grafting. The least troublesome way is to plant ready-made seedlings. Its advantage lies in the fact that the grape bush will quickly gain in growth, the taste characteristics of the berries will be quite high.
What a seedling should look like before planting:
- There are no signs of diseases and insects on it.
- 2–3 kidneys are preserved.
- Each root is alive, the cuts are green.
- The trimmed root tips are treated with a root stimulant.
Necessary conditions for planting grape seedlings of the Libya variety:
- well-lit area with the sun;
- any building (house, veranda, etc.) can act as a support, as well as protect the plant from drafts and strong winds;
- Any soil is suitable for Libya, it is always possible to fertilize it with organic or mineral components.
The ideal solution for arranging a vineyard is a place on the sunny side with loose and nutritious soil, which is sandy loam or light loam. The improvement of the soil composition is facilitated by the introduction of organic matter directly at the time of planting the seedling.
In areas of middle latitude and with cool weather, the bushes of Libya are planted on the site in the spring, without waiting for the phase of regrowth of vegetative buds.
Sequence of planting a seedling:
- Dig a hole 80 cm deep (the depth depends on the size of the seedling - it should be 4 times larger than the latter).
- Half of its volume is laid with humus, soil or sand is placed on top of it, on which the roots of the seedling are placed. Do not put the roots directly on the humus in order to avoid the appearance of burns on them.
- When burying a seedling, exercise caution, trying not to injure the already rather fragile roots.
- Two buds are left above the soil surface. In regions with a warm climate, the seedling is placed so that one bud is at ground level and the other is higher.
- The rest of the seedling is cut off.
Planting a seedling should be done with extreme caution, trying not to damage the delicate roots.
Young bushes are planted in autumn or spring.... Low-growing shoots of the first year of life are tied to pegs. For shoots two years old and older, a strong support is required, which is a trellis.
How to properly organize plant care in order to get a good harvest
Libya grapes are demanding for timely and proper care - this will allow you to get the harvest in the required amount, remove sweet and juicy berries. Caring for this grape variety is similar to that inherent in most grape varieties and includes procedures:
- top dressing;
Libya feels comfortable on well-irrigated soil. Most of all, these grapes need watering before and after flowering. Increase the rate of watering during severe drought, but make sure not to overwet the plant too much. Otherwise, the risk of the appearance of putrefactive and moldy processes increases. Regulate the amount of watering according to the state of the foliage. Its brown tint indicates that the soil is saturated with moisture in the heat. The danger to the health of grapes is indicated by the dark green tint of the leaves - it may indicate the onset of chlorosis.
Chlorosis in grapes is the inability of a plant to produce photosynthesis due to a lack of iron in the soil. The disease manifests itself in the form of yellow spots on the leaves.
With severe chlorosis, grape leaves begin to become stained, which threatens the death of the plant
Mulching the soil in autumn and spring is a prerequisite for growing this form of grapes. The organic layer not only helps to retain water in the soil, but also serves as an additional insulation in case of frost. Sometimes it acts as a source of nutrition, since the mulch for Libya grapes is often humus.
During the period of rapid growth of vines, grapes require additional fertilizing, especially potassium-phosphorus and organic ones. The best way to apply fertilizer is dry directly under the bush.
Since the bushes of Libya grow very long, they are sometimes subjected to short pruning. The procedure is performed to increase the rate of fruiting. In this case, the vines are shortened by 4-6 eyes.
The type of pruning is chosen according to the age of the plant.
The recommended number of eyes to keep on one bush - 45 pieces... This figure is called experienced winegrowers. They note that a greater number of retained eyes will affect yield deterioration due to the appearance of unripe bunches on the vine. It is also not recommended to pick off the leaves. If a large number of flowers are formed on one bush, it is advised to remove some of them.
Be sure to regulate the formation of shoots and stepchildren in Libya. Before flowering, excess fruiting shoots are pinched, stepchildren are removed, which allows you to preserve the strength of the plant for development and fruit formation.
If the region has frost more than -21 0C, plants must be covered for the winter... The shoots are cut and tilted to the ground, the remnants of dry foliage and berries are removed, and treated with fungicides. The following materials serve as a shelter:
- the soil;
Video: everything about proper grape care
Reviews of gardeners about the cultivation of Libya
The grape variety Libya is ranked among the unique selection varieties that are developed as a result of a single or multiple selection of different varieties. He has already managed to fall in love with domestic winegrowers. The variety is excellent for growing in non-traditional areas for viticulture and does not require special knowledge and skills. Libya is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and high yield, and huge sweet berries with an amazing caramel flavor will appeal to both adults and children.
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Veles grapes can be planted as cuttings harvested in the fall, and with the help of seedlings. When using both methods, the bushes take root well. How to properly plant this grape variety:
When disembarking Veles, you need to act carefully so as not to damage the white side roots. It is also advisable to immediately install a support for the shoots. This variety belongs to vigorous, so pre-prepared trellises will not be superfluous.
When burying a young plant in the planting pit, it is recommended to make the ground level 30-40 less than in the rest of the plot. This will make it easier to cover the grapes for the winter.
After planting, the seedling must be watered abundantly. Many gardeners also recommend mulching the soil around the young shrub with chopped peat or sawdust to reduce moisture evaporation and slow weed growth.
Climate, region of growth
Veles, like many other grape varieties, reveals its potential much better when grown in warm regions. However, it can be grown in cooler latitudes. Mostly it can be found in places such as:
- Krasnodar region
- Volga region
- Black earth
- Moscow region.
The variety has moderate frost resistance. It is able to withstand temperatures as low as -21 ° C. In the middle climatic zone, the bushes will need to be carefully insulated so that they can survive the winter normally.
In the southern regions, you can get by with lighter shelters. As gardeners note, after moderately low temperatures, even in the presence of damage, the root system and the vine are able to recover.
Veles is not very picky about the soil, so it can be grown in areas with soils such as:
- clay soil
- black earth
- rocky ground
- calcareous soil
- sandy loam.
At the same time, it is not recommended to plant bushes in swampy soil. The roots will lack air, they will rot and die. The minimum permissible depth of groundwater is 1.5 meters from the surface of the land on the site.