American-style garden - a popular style of landscape design
For those gardeners and summer residents who have little time to care for flower settlements, the American style of the garden is suitable. It maximizes the use of natural and exotic ornamental grasses and perennial flowers.
This style does not include lawn, formal flower beds and hedges. In fact, he does not require personal care.
Use in it the most beautiful and hardy tall perennials (aster, veronica, coreopsis, daylilies, rudbeckia, sedums, stachis) and ground cover plants that create a ground carpet. The look of the garden changes every season and looks festive all year round. Gradually, the colors, textures of leaves and plants change.
Although ornamental grasses (breeze, hare tail, miscanthus, Mexican millet, ryegrass) vaguely resemble real prairies, but they also look very beautiful in the garden.
Spread the herbs and flowers evenly over the area and group them effectively. When creating your landscaping, choose long-flowering perennials with an expressive leaf structure. They always add showiness to a garden's exterior. Dry leaves, panicles and seed pods of most ornamental grasses and perennials - sedums, astilbe, mordovnik, nigella and others look amazing in autumn and winter.
Tidy up high vibrating masses attract the eye with their splashes and bright spots. Arrange beautiful plants of different flowering periods so that the tall ones do not obstruct the low ones, then you will provide yourself with a constant view of the flowering species. Use a group of evergreen trees and shrubs in your landscape, especially weeping forms, which create an ever-changing look.
During the flowering season, winding paths are an essential part of the garden's structure. Decorate their edges with evergreen cover plants and bulbous crops (camassia, crocuses, onions, daffodils).
In autumn, many ornamental grasses and flowers are self-sowing, and their leaves change color, creating a vivid, seasonal picture. At this time of natural completion of plant development, remove the seed and dried leaves so that the garden does not take on a drooping, cold appearance.
Dry leaves, beautiful unusual panicles and seed pods emphasize the natural character of the garden, provide food for birds and create a beautiful view, giving delight to the wearer's eye during the harsh season.
In early spring, cut off dry leaves and twigs that have overwintered to create conditions for young shoots to grow. Otherwise, new tender sprouts are damaged, then they will look unsightly all summer. Along with perennial herbaceous plants and ornamental grasses, a mass of bulbous cults will appear in the garden, blooming in spring.
Now your concern is the preservation of the garden, ensuring its attractive appearance all year round. Tidy up group plantings of crocuses, daylilies, tulips and onions to create a spectacular flowering sequence throughout the spring. Short-leaved ornamental grasses and late bulbous plants take effect soon after the outbreak of spring flowers blooming. Their splash will mask the dying leaves of early spring crops and create a special picture of the garden that remains attractive for a very long time. And in August - September, grasses acquire warm, calm shades next to late flowering perennials. Especially expressive at this time is sedum - a favorite in massive plantings. It looks gold, red, or crimson for most of the year.
How to arrange this landscaping of such a garden? Plant ornamental grasses in a sunny spot. When cultivating the soil, apply organic materials and remove the roots of perennial weeds. Then implement your ideas. A place for tall grasses is in the background, where they grow freely, tall and lush. Some grow quickly, creating a lush, breezy mass that resembles a natural prairie. Such herbs are a characteristic feature of American-style gardens. The scope of ornamental grasses is especially magnificent, together with group plantings of beautiful perennials, even with seed bolls. Virgin miscanthus grass together with golden rays of ligularia (buzulnik), daylilies and rudbeckia create a noble play of flowers all summer long.
Few ornamental grasses thrive in shady places, but here tall amazing ferns, unfairly neglected, but possessing undeniable decorative merit, create a natural picture of the garden. They are undemanding to soil fertility and do not need replanting for many years, are winter-hardy without shelter and are extremely effective in creating clumps. Here, more expressive than in the sun, various hosts and shade-loving flowers flourish wonderfully.
Build a seating area instead of a lawn. The soil here can be covered with grass, or even better - with boards in the form of a deck, terrace, or lined with a brick pattern. Here, away from home, enjoy the garden, take a break from hard work. Accompany the curving path leading to this resting place with borders of ornamental grasses and long-blooming ground cover perennials on both sides. The trail provides an opportunity to explore the surroundings and provides quiet access to the plants while caring for them. In general, such a garden looks like one large flower bouquet. All plants must be adapted to your land, garden light and climate. In this case, they will thrive with very little maintenance, not needing fertilization, but only requiring moisture in drought.
Ornamental grasses and rhizome herbaceous flowers with deep roots are able to receive any nutrition from the earth. Additional fertilization causes increased plant growth. They can grow taller than their normal natural height.
After 10-20 years, unsightly attacks appear in the mass of grasses and perennials. Eliminate these voids and restore the blooming appearance of the garden by dividing the rhizomes, removing the diseased and old parts, and plant new cuttings instead.
Photo by E. Valentinov
There are many styles in which you can decorate your garden. We will learn the distinctive features and main principles of different styles of landscape design.
Jules Renard's words "Bad style is an imprecise thought" can characterize the correct approach to the device of landscape design. It is very important to clearly understand what exactly you want to see on your site and, based on this, choose the style of garden design. Only then will the site become truly stylish, but at the same time unique and inimitable, reflecting the owner's views on beauty and comfort.
Style in landscape design is harmoniously combined elements and design techniques. Most of the styles used in modern landscape design have evolved over the centuries. Techniques for their design were perfected, new methods and opportunities appeared. But the original idea and design traditions were surely preserved. That is why each style is so recognizable.
Eclecticism is not a lack of taste, but its sophisticated manifestation
A conversation about styles should start with eclecticism - a mixture of artistic styles, trends and compositional techniques.
Indeed, very often plots are decorated in this "style". But quotes to the word "style" in relation to eclecticism in garden design can be put only if the site is designed without taking into account the features of the landscape, the nature of natural features, if there is no internal logic in its design. Tastelessly decorated landscape design does not depend on the amount of material resources that were spent on its device. The plastic furniture by the homemade wattle fence and the expensive carved oak set against the background of an oriental-style fountain with a gilded cupid "like in the Louvre" will look equally bad.
But eclecticism is a fairly popular and dynamically developing style of garden design. It allows you to mix styles and directions, to use what is at hand, which is very important for summer cottages, which usually bring everything that is no longer needed, but it is a pity to throw it away.
Sometimes the mixing in reasonable proportions of elements belonging to different eras and styles becomes stunningly harmonious and whole. It is eclecticism that provides the widest field for self-expression. But it is this style that is the most difficult to implement on its own.
In order for eclecticism in garden design to become just a style, it is worth considering the following rules:
What should never be done when decorating landscape design in any style:
4 myths about natural gardens
Today you can often find statements that a natural-style garden is low-budget and does not require maintenance, because it uses species that are found in nature, right behind our fence, and you can create an Udolphian flower garden without much cost and effort. They are called "gardens for the lazy." This is not true: any garden requires a considerable amount of time to create, financial investments and regular maintenance.
Let's try to understand the most common myths about new wave gardens using the projects of Pete Udolph himself as an example. Although he is not the only or first designer to create gardens using cereals and wild perennial herbs, he is perhaps the most famous.
- The first myth: this kind of garden design does not require special skills or knowledge.
Like any business, creating a natural garden requires skill and knowledge. Creativity - to harmoniously combine various shades and textures, knowledge of botany and agricultural technology - to create the conditions required for plants. It is not enough just to download the diagram of the Udolfian flower garden and buy plants from the list.
- The second myth: a flower garden in the Udolphian style can be of any size.
This is only partly true. As a rule, a flower garden based on cereals for decorativeness requires a large space: small-textured inflorescences of wild plants look good in bulk. It is possible to create such flower beds for small areas, but this requires even more artistic taste than large-scale projects.
- The third myth: the Udolfian garden is fast and inexpensive.
They say that the gardens of the new wave do not require financial investments - natural plants are used in them and you can not spend money on buying seeds or seedlings. Most likely, you will not be able to purchase planting material just by going for a walk in the meadow: without knowledge of botany, you can hardly distinguish a zopnik from a sesleria, and collect wild plant seeds.
The Dutch designer himself has spent several decades on the selection of plants that are optimal for his projects - not only spectacular in appearance, but also growing without problems in artificial conditions, retaining decorativeness for a long time and "getting along" well with neighbors in plantings. Seeds and seedlings of the so-called Udolfian plants are sold today next to the seeds of cultivated varieties, and given the amount of them required, this event cannot be called cheap.
For an impressive result, many specimens must be planted on each square meter: the recommended density for some species is up to several tens per meter. So, for example, in order to obtain the decorative effect required by the project, it is required to plant sage on an area of about seven square meters. This will require approximately 50 roots. This will cost about 6,000 rubles. And this is just one type of plant.
Combined with large areas, the creation of an Udolphian flower garden will take a lot of hands or time to gradually create a garden. To get the result, as in the photo above, you need to go through the following stage:
- The fourth myth: the Udolphian garden does not require maintenance.
The Dutch designer himself calls his gardens low-maintenance. Few, but still nurturing. Without proper attention, for example, weeding, preliminary soil preparation and the necessary planting density to drown out weeds, the same thing can happen to them as to normal plantings. This is what one of the parks designed by Pete Udolph looked like after its creation.
And three years later, everything was overgrown with weeds.
Naturgarden style is just a fashionable trend in landscape design now, which will require as much effort and time as any other type of garden. A garden is a part of life and the embodiment of a worldview. Hanneke van Dijk, an ecologist, paraphrased a well-known expression: "Show me your garden and I will tell you who you are."
Landscaping of a plot of 5 acres: 50 photo examples
In modern suburbs, the most popular are summer cottages or small plots - only four to seven acres. They are easy to care for and have plenty of room for a good weekend getaway or summer after work. But it is sometimes difficult to properly zone the landscape design of 5 acres - this territory is not so large as to dig a full-fledged pool, break up a spacious garden and at the same time leave a place to sunbathe, fry kebabs, plant onions, potatoes, flowers.
What to consider when planning a site
At the very beginning, you should draw up a plan, develop a detailed project yourself or with the help of specialists. The bottom line is that the area of a small area should be used to the maximum. The land plot is divided into places for work and recreation areas. First, large structures are planned - a house, a garage, a bathhouse. After that, a space is selected for a vegetable garden, a garden, a flower garden, paths passing between them.
When planning, take into account the shape of the site:
- rectangular - the most convenient, the house, the recreation area here are located in the depths of the garden, in the far corner there are stand stands, next to the vegetable garden
- oval-elongated - the zoning here is clearer, decorative "hedges" are used for it, color zoning can be used when bright-flowering plants of a warm color are planted along the short sides, about the long ones - small, with flowers of a cold color
- L-shaped - in the protruding "branch", behind the house, there is a recreation area, outbuildings will be located in the far corner of the site, the garden - closer to the house.
Basic principles of planning:
- house - it is better to place it on the opposite edge relative to the entrance to the site, then everything will fit as beautifully as possible
- the main route is from the gate to the door of the house, it is done by the very first
- trees - excessively large should be discarded, a variety of conifers, apple trees and others give a lot of shade, occupying a useful area
- large buildings - they should be planned at the very minimum: if a gazebo, then a corner one, if a shed, then in the form of an extension to a house
- lighting - all significant objects are highlighted: a gazebo, an entrance to a house, a main path, a decorative fountain or a pond
- vegetable beds - placed around the perimeter of the summer cottage or all in one place, without disturbing the appearance
- decorations - small figures of gnomes, forest dwellers, heroes of fairy tales will decorate the space.
The house is placed, if possible, at the highest point of the site so that the spring waters do not flood it. It is desirable that the windows of the kitchen, bedroom, nursery face south.
The first thing a summer resident should do is draw a diagram of the available land. The local landscape is divided into five zones:
- vegetable garden
Depending on what it is mainly planned to do in the country - gardening, horticulture or just relaxing, a certain area is allocated for each zone. 55-75% of the territory is usually allocated for a garden-garden, 15-20% for a vacation spot, a house with outbuildings will take up to 10% of the site.
Complete information about the site is the basis for successful zoning. If it is planned to build an artesian well, pool, well, the level of groundwater, the degree of slope is important.
Functional recreation area
When a private area is meant for the first time
Step five. Choose a flower bed decoration option
Landscape designers distinguish several ways to lay out flower beds:
- Mixborder. This is a flower bed of different flowers blooming at different times, which are planted in small groups. The color scheme is bright and contrasting. In this case, you need to place flowers in the order of seasonal flowering. The plot is divided into three parts and plants are planted on each, blooming at a certain period of time: spring, summer and autumn.
- Border. These are flowers planted along the path. Any plants are suitable, both perennials and annuals. But densely growing and creeping plants will look best.
- Rabatka. This option involves planting plants around the perimeter of the lawn. Good for lawns and parks. Flowers in this case are planted in tiers.