Small-flowered clematis Manchurian - Far Eastern guest
Surprisingly unpretentious and winter-hardy Manchurian clematis can be grown without shelter for the winter in the northern regions of Russia, the Urals and Siberia. In summer, at the time of flowering, this wonderful plant is covered with small white flowers and looks very attractive.
Clematis Manchu - an alien from the Far East
In nature, Manchurian clematis is found in forest glades and edges of deciduous forests of the Russian Far East and the adjacent northeastern regions of China.
Manchurian Clematis - a natural species from the Far East
Description and characteristics of the Far Eastern species
Clematis Manchu is a climbing herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 1.5 to 3 meters. Its shoots grow back from the root every year in the spring, and completely die off in the fall. Only the underground part of the plant hibernates, which allows it to withstand significant frosts, reaching -40 degrees in places of its natural growth. This clematis is not afraid of the summer heat, provided that the soil is sufficiently moistened.
Small white flowers of Manchurian clematis are very fragrant
The leaves of the Manchurian clematis are pinnate in the lower part of the stems, trifoliate at the tops of the shoots. Its flowers are small, 2-3 centimeters in diameter, white with pale yellow anthers, very fragrant, consist of 4-7 petals, collected in large paniculate inflorescences of 150-500 flowers each. A flowering bush looks like a white cloud from a distance. Flowering begins in June - July and ends in August - September.
This clematis does not have officially registered varieties; its natural form is grown in gardens.... Clematis Manchurian Taiga snow, offered by the Gavrish agricultural company, does not differ in its characteristics from the parameters of the original wild-growing species. This beautiful name is just a marketing ploy to grab the attention of buyers.
Clematis Manchu is good for decorating fences and walls
Clematis Manchu can be planted in the garden near the fence, near the gazebo or the wall of the garden house. Without support, it will creep along the ground, intertwining with nearby bushes.
This unpretentious frost-resistant plant is not affected by diseases and pests, does not require special care and does not have any significant drawbacks.
Clematis Manchu grows well in full sunlight, and it tolerates light partial shade. Any soil is suitable, except waterlogged or too acidic. Plants achieve the best development on loose, permeable soil, neutral or slightly alkaline.
In the northern and central regions, this clematis is planted in April - May, in the south it can be planted in September. At the planting site, a wide hole is made with a diameter of 40-50 cm and a depth of 8-12 cm, in the center of which a small hole is dug according to the size of the root system and a seedling is planted in it... When the shoots grow, the planting hole is completely covered with soil. Thus, the growing point turns out to be underground, which ensures high winter hardiness of the planted plant.
When planting, the clematis growth point is buried 8-12 cm below the soil level in the garden
In a drought, the Manchu clematis needs weekly watering of 1-2 buckets of water per bush. The soil around young plants must be kept free of weeds. Adult specimens are quite competitive and will not die without weeding, but their shoots will be confused with weeds, which does not look the best.
Clematis Manchu formally belongs to the third group of pruning. Its herbaceous shoots completely die off for the winter, so in the fall, after the leaves turn yellow, its stems are cut off at soil level. If this clematis does not grow in the most ceremonial place of the garden, you can not cut it at all. He does not need shelter for the winter even in the northern regions.
Clematis Manchu on video
The hardy and unpretentious Manchurian clematis deserves a place on the garden plot, not only in areas of a particularly harsh climate. Its graceful small flowers will be a beautiful addition and background for varietal large-flowered clematis in the gardens of the middle lane and more southern regions.
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Clematis planting and care in the open field.
Indeed, it is quite difficult to choose your own variety from this variety of luxurious flowers. One is more beautiful than the other - huge, bright, terry, each simply seeks to outshine the beauty of the others. Each species promises to turn our cottage into a real Garden of Eden! After all, any variety looks beautiful both on its own and in combination with other flowers, especially with roses.
One of the most beautiful and sought-after varieties of clematis is Manchurian clematis. This beautiful vine is actively used to decorate the landscape of the courtyard by gardeners all over the world, but only the last few years have attracted the attention of gardeners in our country. Thanks to its snow-white beauty and ease of care.
Clematis of Manchuria (photo)
But since we plan not only to admire the flower, but to grow it, then we need to know the peculiarities of caring for it. It is best to buy seedlings in pots, and when choosing a variety, we first of all look not at the shape of the flower, but at its group. It is she who will determine how we will cut it, how to cover it for the winter and when to expect flowering from it.
Types of clematis by group and method of pruning:
- First group.
The flowers of the vine will appear only on last year's shoots. Therefore, if you cut off all the old shoots for winter or spring, then you will never see flowering. Flowers from this group are the most luxurious, fashionable and amazing, but they must be covered for the winter.
- Second group.
These varieties have flowers on both last year's and new shoots. But, if the variety is double, double flowers appear only on last year's shoots. On young shoots, only inflorescences of a simple form appear and with a short break after the first flowers on old shoots.
- Third group.
Flowers appear only on young shoots. No need to cover - cut it almost to the root and that's it. These species are the most unpretentious - they are ideal varieties for beginners, because liana care is simple and straightforward. And although there are almost no double species in this group, but, believe me, there is plenty to choose from for your treasure.
ERNEST MARКHAM variety. 3 group, height 2.5 m
Clematis: varieties for the garden. Care for hybrid and large-flowered clematis
Clematis have long taken root well in their summer cottages. It seems that they have always been grown. Almost every gardener grows at least 1 variety of this beautiful plant. In order to grow clematis in your garden without any problems, you should familiarize yourself with the varieties recommended for the middle lane.
Common varieties of clematis
It is not possible to list all the existing varieties of clematis clematis. Therefore, the best way out is to study their generally accepted classification. According to her, all available species can be subdivided into 2 groups according to the type of flower and the required growing conditions.
The first includes 2 varieties of clematis - large-flowered and small-flowered.
- Large-flowered species have taken root well in the middle lane. Among the groups that are often found in summer cottages are Zhakman, Vititsella, Lanuginoza, Florida and Patens. The total diameter of the flowers ranges from 10 to 20 cm, the shade depends on the specific variety. Their frost resistance is not the highest, which requires both sheltering the plants for the winter and cutting off its shoots immediately after frost.
- Small-flowered clematis are characterized by different flowering periods. This factor should be taken into account when drawing up a plan for planting a site. For the most part, all varieties of the small-flowered group belong to herbaceous plants, and therefore become an excellent "carpet" for any areas that need a dense shelter with decorative functions. Among them are Comtes de Bouchot and Rouge Cardinal. They are the most frequently chosen by gardeners and are awarded with many international certificates.
If we divide the existing varieties of clematis according to the requirements that they impose on self-care, then 2 groups deserve attention here:
- Winter-hardy clematis in the garden are probably the most frequent guests. They don't care about freezing. This means that next year the plants will please with the increased volume of the bush and new flowers. In this group, the following varieties should be especially noted: Ville de Lyon, Cecile, Carmencita, Serenade of the Crimea, Metamorphosis, Elegy and Jutta.
- Unpretentious can be called Patens, pleasing with large flowers, as well as such Manchuric Rect, Forest Opera, and the already mentioned Elegy and Serenade of Crimea.
Large-flowered varieties for the garden
The previously mentioned 5 groups belonging to the category of large-flowered clematis have many interesting varieties. They are suitable for summer cottages in the middle lane. It is worth focusing on 3 of them to help novice growers with a choice.
Varieties of the Zhakman species are distinguished by flowering, not afraid even of pruning. As a result, lush, beautiful bushes delight the eye until the very cold. The height of the liana can reach 4 m, and the flowers do not exceed 16 cm in diameter.
Their coloration is in the range of bluish-purple hues. Flowering begins in the current year from July to early October.
In the middle lane, the varieties Zhakmani, Gypsy Queen, Rouge Cardinal, Biryuzinka, Luther Burbank take root well.
Clematis of the Lanuginoza group can boast of white and blue shades, the flowering of which occurs at the beginning of summer. Here, the varieties Anna Herman, Rassvet, Ballerina and Madame le Cult are distinguished. Flowering should be expected on last year's shoots.
Violet clematis is the name of the Viticella species, which delights with its flowers all summer and part of autumn, until frost hits. The plant has excellent winter hardiness, shades range from red-purple to purple. Among the varieties of clematis for the middle lane, Hulden, Alexandrite and Ville de Lyon are recommended.
Clematis hybrid: photos and features
This species is especially widespread in the garden. Since it belongs to the category of perennial plants and is able to stay in one place for a long period, without requiring constant transplants. The stems can reach 3 m in height, and the minimum value is 1.5 m. For the support, which in most cases is necessary, the shoots cling to the leaf stalks.
Hybrid clematis can be either a shrub or a herbaceous plant. The latter type is less popular, since it always requires support for itself. Otherwise, the plant will begin to creep along the ground, covering it with a flower carpet. Therefore, the use of this clematis in the garden is most often suitable for decorating slides and terraces.
The flowers of the hybrid clematis are large, can be collected in inflorescences or grow alone. Color in one color. In most cases, white, a little less often - with a bias in blue or lilac. Formative pruning is essential for plants to prevent subsequent overgrowth and subsequent good flowering.
The hybrid clematis has excellent frost resistance. There is no need to cover it most often for the winter. Of the special requirements, only constant watering, the presence of drainage to prevent stagnation of water in the soil can be distinguished. Also, these varieties should not be planted in the lowlands.
What is good about Manchurian clematis?
One of the clematis varieties most suitable for cultivation in the middle lane, which makes it a favorite of many gardeners. This species is characterized by a particularly high frost tolerance. Therefore, the Manchu clematis is a frequent guest in the garden. Nevertheless, like many other representatives of this family, he is characterized by a love of the sun, although partial shade will also not prevent him from growing and pleasing the eye.
Another valuable nuance that makes life much easier for all lovers of these flowers is to work with shoots, the length of which can reach 1.5 m.In contrast to the technique of circumcision in other varieties, Manchurian clematis needs to be deprived of shoots as soon as the first one strikes frost. Moreover, trimming is carried out not to a specific length, but completely.
Flowering in this species occurs only on the shoots of this year. The peak occurs at the end of the first summer month. A lush white cap of many small white flowers forms on the bush. Their aroma is quite clear, it spreads far.
Caring for Manchurian clematis is easier than for many other varieties. In particular, precisely because of the previously mentioned frost resistance. He needs the soil, like the rest of the family, slightly alkaline, watering thorough, but rare.
Once every 7 days is enough. In especially hot weather, the schedule changes until watering every other day. The main thing is not to let the flowers get water. Everything flows to the root.
The only thing that will have to be paid attention to is the fight against numerous pests that adore the plant.
Meet Clematis Tangut!
Another variety of clematis that is quite simple in terms of care is Tangut. It is included in the category of wild flowers and lianas and looks amazing in the summer cottage.
Moreover, you will not have to wait for the moment of flowering for a long time. Sowing is carried out in early May, after which the seedlings need about 3 weeks for the sprouts to emerge and strengthen.
Then disembarkation is made, and for this you need to choose a non-sunny day.
If there are buildings on the site that need to be decorated in some way (columns, walls and partitions, windows, etc.), then one of the best options would be to plant Tangut clematis next to them.
It will beautifully braid all these zones in 2 months, since it grows quite quickly and grows very strongly. Blooming should be expected closer to the end of August.
Small yellow "lanterns" hanging downward will open to reveal four heart-shaped petals.
Pruning is done in early autumn, although in the case of Tangut clematis, it is not a mandatory procedure. Shoots are removed to the very base. Only hemp remains.
Most gardeners carry out liquidation only in the spring, removing a couple of active buds from the bottom. If pruning is ignored, next year flowers will appear only at the very top of the bush.
The main part will remain just rich foliage and will continue to grow in breadth.
In autumn, green panicles appear on the plant, which are distinguished by their fluffiness. They contain clematis seeds, which are suitable for further sowing. For decorative purposes, these "umbrellas" are used in a variety of bouquets. The foliage of the plant, which is distinguished by a reddish tint, often appears in them.
Clematis Yulka - a luxurious large-flowered vine from Polish breeders
Bright and abundantly flowering clematis will decorate the wall of the country house, and the gazebo, and the fence, and the arch. Without support, they will cover any flower bed with a flowering carpet. These beauties are not too whimsical to care for, they grow for many years and delight gardeners throughout the warm season. They come in a wide variety of shapes and colors. Among the large-flowered clematis, the Polish variety Yulka stands out with velvety flowers of a rich purple-red hue.
Description of the variety of clematis Julka (Julka)
Clematis is a climbing perennial shrub with large, beautiful flowers. More than 300 varieties of this plant have been bred.
History of creation and photo of the variety
The clematis variety with the cute name Yulka was created by breeders of the Clematis nursery from the Polish city of Pruszkow (where its name is spelled as Julka).At the annual Dutch exhibition Plantarium, held in the city of Boskope, in 2002, Clematis Yulka received a silver medal.
Clematis Yulka received a silver medal at the annual Dutch exhibition
Description of the plant
The clematis bush Yulka grows up to 2 m in height. It is one of the earliest non-hybrid varieties. Yulka blooms from early June to late August and even in September. At the beginning of summer, large - up to 20 cm in diameter - red-violet flowers with a light center bloom on it. According to the descriptions of the originators, dark purple flowers have a dark red, almost burgundy strip in the middle of each petal.
Light green leaves with pointed tips are literally lost against the background of these flowers. The stem of the plant is curly, it can grow along artificial and natural supports: arches, fences, trees.
Purple flowers of clematis Yulka go well with vines of other shades
Growing large-flowered varieties Yulka
The agricultural technology of the variety is similar to other large-flowered clematis, but there are also nuances.
Conditions for good growth and flowering
Clematis Yulka does not like extreme heat and open, too sunny places. It is better to plant it in partial shade, in a place protected from the winds.
The soil is needed with good moisture permeability; loam is perfect. On heavy soils with high acidity, the bush will have a hard time. The soil must be loose so that the roots receive enough oxygen. Clematis Yulka does not like overheating of the soil around the roots, therefore, in regions with hot summers, the soil near the bush must be covered with a thick layer of mulch and its moisture should be monitored.
Clematis Yulka loves moderately fertile loams
Throughout the growing season, Yulka needs abundant watering (but not too abundant so that the water does not stagnate in the ground). Top dressing is required from the second year after planting:
- in spring - rotted manure (a bucket of slurry per bush) or mineral nitrogen fertilizer (15 g of ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water)
- in the summer during the budding period - complex mineral fertilizer for clematis according to the instructions (for example, Agrecol, Actiwin) or ash
Fertilizer Agrecol is suitable for clematis and other climbing plants
The Yulka variety is characterized by good frost resistance. According to the creators, it tolerates frosts from -6.7 to -34.4 ° C. The zone of its cultivation in our country is the middle zone of Russia, including the Moscow region, the North-West region (Leningrad region), the Far East (Vladivostok), Sochi.
To plant clematis Yulka, you need to choose healthy seedlings. Better to buy biennial plants - then there is a chance to quickly get a flowering bush. It can be planted in early spring, in May, or in September-October, depending on the region.
Saplings of clematis. unlike many crops, you can buy and plant already with leaves
- Dig a 60x60 cm hole.
- Dig a support for the vine into the ground.
- Prepare drainage at the bottom with a layer of up to 20 cm.
- From above, make a slide of fertile soil.
- Place the seedling with the roots straightened and soaked in the root formation stimulator on a hill, place the roots along the edges. If a seedling with a closed root system, simply place it on a slide. The root collar should be 10-15 cm below the ground level for the plant to begin to bush the next year.
When buying a clematis seedling with an open root system, you need to carefully examine the roots for damage
In the first year of life, the buds that appear must be cut off.
Video: planting clematis in the fall
The basis of care is pruning the bush
After the first frost, clematis Yulka begins to prepare for winter. All events are held in dry weather.
This variety requires pruning of the second type (weak). Varieties of this group begin to bloom in late May - early June on last year's shoots, and then continue on the shoots of this year. Only the shoots of this year that have grown above 1.5 m are subject to pruning, the rest do not need to be touched.
Depending on the ability to form flower buds, clematis is cut at different heights.
First of all, the frozen tops are removed. The cut is made perpendicular to the shoot, leaving 10-15 tillering nodes (places where new buds and shoots develop).
Video: trimming clematis of different groups, including the second
Shelter for the winter
Before sheltering, you need to treat the vine from fungal diseases. To do this, prepare a 0.2% solution of Fundazol and water the soil around the roots with it at a distance of up to 0.5 m. It is better to mulch with a mixture of sand and ash (10 parts of sand and one part of ash) or humus. Straw or cut grass must not be used, as mice can live in it.
The best type of shelter for any clematis, including the Yulka variety, is air-dry. They do it this way:
- The trimmed liana is neatly folded in a circle.
Before sheltering, the trimmed clematis is carefully folded
Before wintering, you need to cover clematis with spruce branches
Advantages and disadvantages of Clematis Yulka
The variety is popular not only in Poland. In Russia, flower growers are happy to grow this luxurious vine.
- beautiful large flowers
- long flowering
Clematis Yulka blooms all summer
Objective cons and difficulties of growing:
- you have to wait a long time for abundant flowering - the first flowers will appear in the second year of life, moreover, at the bottom of the bush, and a liana completely covered with flowers can be seen only after a few years
Yulka will have to wait for the lush flowering of clematis for several years, in the first two or three years the liana blooms only at the bottom of the bush
Clematis Julka turned out to be just a treasure! Large, bright, velvety petals ... Flowers change color as they dissolve from deep red to purple with a stripe.
Julka (Julka). Group: early large-flowered. Trim type 2 (light). Should grow up to 2 m, but I'm still in my second year. One of the earliest clematis in my garden. Prince Purple Dream is only inflating buds, and on Yulka there are already 5 cm sprouts. And among others from the group of early large-flowered flowers, the first one also blooms. In the past 2016, Pepl Dream bloomed 4 days later (but this is a late prince). Flowers 12-15 cm. Very unusual. Velvet. The deep cherry blossoms bloom, and the color begins to blur purple every day. After long rains, however, the "velvet" is washed off and the flowers just turn purple. Variety rating 5.
The beautifully flowering clematis of the Julka variety will adorn any summer cottage. Subject to the correct choice of place, suitable soil and competent pruning, it will bloom with large purple-red flowers all summer.
Special features of the group
A distinctive feature of clematis is the ability to form buds both on last year's growth and on young lashes, while in most species this separation does not affect the quality of flowering, but requires a special approach to the formation of a bush. This is especially important for varieties that have two flowering periods: they are characterized by the appearance of buds first on last year's branches, and then, with a short break, on a young growth. Some hybrids do not have such a distinction in time and bloom continuously, smoothly moving from old branches to annuals, while others are distinguished by longer and more abundant flowering in the second run.
To maintain the neat appearance of the plant and the size of the flowers, light pruning should be done annually and regularly. It is done twice a season:
- in the summer, after the first wave of flowering, cut off the faded part of last year's branches or completely cut them out if the bush is too thick
- in the fall, after the second wave of flowering, the faded young lashes are shortened by ¼, leaving no more than 1.5 m.
It goes without saying that all sick, twisted and growing branches inside the bush are subject to mandatory complete removal.
Today there is a huge variety of varieties of clematis of the second group and sometimes it is very difficult to make a choice in favor of one or another species: one hybrid is striking in its size, the second "takes" with double buds, and the third - with an amazing color. We tried to collect for you the most beautiful varieties of clematis, which have earned recognition and love not only from gardeners, but also in the "professional field", and we are in a hurry to introduce them. So, let's begin.
After planting, the development of a plant largely depends on the correct care for it. Care includes timely watering, loosening the soil, mulching, pruning and fertilizing.
- Clematis does not like too wet soil, so watering should be moderate. It can be increased only on the hottest days. One plant takes from 20 to 40 liters of water. It should be poured not in the center, but around the stem.
- Just like moist soil, the plant does not like overheating. Therefore, it is important to regularly mulch, which will protect the roots from the sun's rays. Peat, sawdust or humus can act as mulch. Loosening should be done after each watering.
- In the first year, feeding can be skipped, then three to four times a season is enough. Mineral fertilizers should be alternated with organic ones. In no case should fresh manure be used. During the growing season, fertilizers are applied with nitrogen, with the formation of buds - potassium-containing agents, immediately after the flowers, phosphorus and after the end of pruning - mineral.
- Pruning is done immediately after flowering. There are shoots up to the first leaf. If you remove them as well, the shoots will become smaller, but the size of the flowers will increase.
Thanks to proper care, diseases can be avoided and the growth of clematis can be accelerated.
In order for clematis to become a real decoration of the landscape, you need to know its description, planting and care features. Only in this case will the plant delight with flowers and an unsurpassed aroma.