Characteristics and description of the Volgograd early ripening tomato variety

Characteristics and description of the Volgograd early ripening tomato variety

There are practically no people who would not like fresh ripe tomatoes that have just been picked from the garden. A joy for a summer resident to grow tomatoes in his garden. Especially for the impatient, early ripening variety Volgogradsky 323 and late ripening 5/95 were bred... Description of the variety, features of cultivation in the article.

Tomato Volgograd early ripening pot

One of the most popular varieties of early ripening tomato varieties are non-hybrid varieties Volgogradskiy 323 and 5/95. Variety 323 was bred back in 1973, and variety 5/95 was bred 20 years earlier in 1953.

Description of the variety

Early ripening variety. The bush reaches a height of 45-80 cm, with a large number of leaves and branches, with a peduncle above each leaf or after 2, depending on the species. Surprisingly, the fruits grow the same size: smooth, round flat. Fruit color is red-orange or pink.

The Volgogradskiy variety is sweet, fleshy, well transported. The plant is unpretentious and amenable to cultivation. Any novice gardener, subject to the instructions for care and cultivation, will be able to grow a rich harvest.

The ripening period of a tomato ranges from 100 to 130 days... Fruits, depending on the type chosen, can weigh from 70 to 150 grams.

The yield reaches from 1 square meter from 4 to 7 kg. The plant is resistant to diseases and tolerates t changes. Prized for a stable harvest.

Volgogradets are versatile in use. It can be preserved, consumed fresh, used for making pasta, mashed potatoes, juices.

A brief description of

  • the variety is divided into early and late maturing;
  • It has immunity to some diseases;
  • carries over drought;
  • gives rich harvest;
  • has a long shelf life;
  • amenable to transportation;
  • fetus with juicy pulp.

What is the Difference Between Views 323 and 5/95

To this day, summer residents prefer old varieties of tomatoes, although more and more improved, hybrid varieties appear. Volgograd tomato has 2 types: 323 and 5/95... The difference between these varieties in terms of ripening, color and weight of the fruit.

Grade 5/95

Is late since after the seeds grow, 120-130 days pass... The color of tomatoes, in the period of full ripeness, acquire a deep red color, and at the base they are green-yellow. The average fruit weight is from 100 to 150 grams. Tomatoes are even, smooth, with juicy pulp. Plant height reaches 80 cm. The crop is formed at a height of 6 leaves and continues every 3 internodes. There are about 6 inflorescences in the brushes of the plant. Tomatoes 5/95 are suitable for any kind of consumption.

Grade 323

It is early maturing and can be consumed within 100-110 days. The first crop appears in 90 days, so at the end of June you can already taste delicious tomatoes straight from your garden.

The color of the tomato is red with an orange tint. Average weight 70-80 gr. Although the size of the fruit is small, up to 10 tomatoes grow on one bush. Such an abundance of fruiting occurs due to the formation of nodes under each leaf, starting from the fifth. Unlike variety 5/95, 323 has a low bush up to 45 cm.

Is it true that the varieties are suitable only for the Volgograd region

Rumor has it that the Volgograd tomato is only suitable for growing in the Volgograd region. But this is a misconception.

The tomato is recommended for cultivation in the southern regions because it has the highest yields.

Ideal for Astrakhan, Volgograd, Belgorod, Crimean region, Kuban. In the middle region of Russia, you need to cover the tomato with foil... In the northern strip, this tomato can only be grown in greenhouses, otherwise taste and yield suffer.

Growing features

Before you start growing tomatoes, you need to take care of the correct planting of seedlings, fertilization and watering.

Rules for the formation and planting of seedlings

For growing Volgogradskiy tomatoes, the seedling method is most often used. When the seedling grows up to 15 cm in height, it must be planted in well-heated soil. after the frost has passed and the air temperature reaches 10 degrees and above.

Tomato prefers soil where onions, cabbage or legumes used to grow. Given that the seeds are small, they are buried 5 cm in the ground. After 10 days, you can see the shoots. The finished seedlings are planted one bore per area of ​​30:70 cm.

The plant does not require special care... If necessary, you can feed with fertilizers and pour with warm water. To increase fertility, you can mulch the soil.

Features of planting seeds

Planting time of seedlings: from February to April. The tall variety 5/95 should be sown in February, and the undersized variety 323 should be sown in March. If a Volgograd tomato is sown too early, then a lack of light and a long stay in a cramped pot will negatively affect the appearance of the tomatoes.

Disembarkation rules:

  1. Recommended before boarding do seed sorting and throw out the damaged and small ones. To increase germination, it is recommended to hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour (1 g per 100 ml of water).
  2. Seedling soil must be nutritious... You can buy it in the store or make it yourself by mixing peat, humus and turf soil.
  3. The earth must be sifted through a strainer and tamp in containers.
  4. Plant seeds to a depth of 3-5 cm at a distance of 3 cm from each other.
  5. Moisten the soil using a spray bottle and cover the containers with plastic wrap.
  6. Temperature should be at least +10 e more than +20 degrees.
  7. If several leaves appear on the seedlings (after 2 months), the plant is ready to be transplanted into larger containers for root development.

Variety reviews

According to gardeners, the variety is outwardly beautiful and excellent for sales, the fruits are large and juicy... Tomatoes grow well, the root system is strong and tolerates the diving process well. Volgograd tomatoes do not get sick with proper care.

What fertilizers are needed

The plant forms stepchildren. They should be removed in order to achieve the formation of a plant into one bush. From the harvested stepchildren, you can prepare an excellent fertilizer for seedlings. For this you need:

  • collect stepchildren and fill them with water, leaving for 2 weeks for fermentation;
  • after the fermentation process the fertilizer is filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10.

Such a fertilizer is considered nitrogen, it is watered with bushes during the flowering period. but the best result can be achieved by feeding the tomatoes with manure or compost... It is also recommended to treat tomatoes from late blight. The drugs can be purchased at a specialist store.

For tomatoes to receive nutrition, they need nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

Plants grow well thanks to nitrogen... Therefore, it is recommended to apply top dressing twice: when planting and when the ovaries begin to form. For fertilization you need: urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, lime.

Phosphorus is responsible for the development of the root system... Fertilizer is applied under the stem and in a perimeter of 40 cm near the bush. Fertilizer: superphosphate or phosphate rock.

Potassium helps tomatoes fight disease... Top dressing is introduced at a time when 3-4 leaves appear on the seedlings. Fertilizers: Potassium monophosphate, potassium nitrate, Kalimagnesia, ash.

Complex fertilizerscontaining all three trace elements: Ammophos, Kristallon.

Disease and pest control

The seeds of the plant are already grafted in advance against most diseases. For prophylaxis against pests and diseases, seeds are disinfected with the help of chemicalsthat are sold in specialized stores. It is also recommended to hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate.

A common disease that affects tomatoes is late blight. Stains form on tomatoes that spread to the flesh of the fruit. To combat the disease, you can use sprayers Zaslon or Barrier... To do this, take 10 liters of water and add 3 tablespoons of the solution.

Another drug to protect against disease - Oxyhom... Available in tablets. It is necessary to dilute 2 tables. in 10 liters of water. Apply the drug before flowering and at the first signs of the onset of the disease.

Top rot appears due to a lack of moisture in the soil, as well as an excess of calcium and nitrogen. To get rid of the disease, shrubs are sprayed with calcium nitrate.... Infected fruits should be burned.

Tomato Volgogradskiy is the leader among non-hybrid varieties, and all the characteristics described above have been tested by time for many decades.

Tomato Volgograd early ripening 323 characteristics and description of the variety yield reviews photo

The Volgogradets tomato variety was bred at the Volgograd Experimental Station named after V.I. N.I. Vavilov. The hybrid has been listed in the state register since 1989. It is recommended to grow it in the Central Black Earth Region, in the Volga region, in the Urals and the Far East.

The Volgogradets variety is planted on personal plots and on an industrial scale. When grown in fields, the fruits are harvested once a season in a mechanized way.

Volgogradets tomatoes ripen in medium terms. The crop is ready for harvest on the 110th day after germination. The bush is semi-spreading, with a large number of leaves, and medium branching. The plant is undersized, no more than 1 m in height.

Volgogradets tomatoes have light green, slightly corrugated leaves of medium size. Plant of determinant type. The inflorescence is of a simple type. The first buds appear above 8 leaves, the next - every 1 or 2 leaves.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the Volgograd early ripening variety of tomatoes include the following:

  • getting an early harvest
  • simultaneous amicable ripening of fruits
  • equal sizes of medium-sized fruits, which are convenient for canning
  • high taste characteristics
  • undemanding care
  • disease and pest resistance
  • tolerates transportation, is well stored.

There are no obvious flaws in the variety. It is rare to hear complaints about poorly tolerated heat in a greenhouse, a decrease in yields. But this is a biological property of the plant - pollen becomes sterile at high temperatures.

  • The Volgograd variety has a lot of advantages, namely:
  • early maturity
  • the bush is compact, so you can place them enough in a small area
  • due to its short stature in combination with a strong trunk, there is no need to tie up the plant
  • the plant is unpretentious to the soil
  • no pinching required
  • high yield
  • good transport properties
  • excellent shelf life - fresh vegetables are stored for a month and a half
  • the fruit tastes and smells good
  • versatility - can be used for all blanks and consumed fresh
  • culture resistance to various diseases.
  • Experienced growers say that it is difficult to find flaws in the variety. They only note:
  • does not tolerate heat
  • sometimes there are few ovaries in the brush.

Considering the disadvantages, we can highlight the poor tolerance of high air temperatures. In hot weather, the yield drops, the risk of developing the disease increases. When the first signs of problems appear, it is important to use sprays and solutions based on natural ingredients. A good solution would be to use herbal infusions or wood ash.

The guarantor of good strong bushes will be strong seedlings, which can be obtained exclusively from selected material. Seed material should be dense, large, processed to kill bacteria and germs.

For sowing, choose a fertile soil in which the level of acidity can be considered low or moderate. Planting seedlings is carried out in mid-March, you can postpone the procedure to the end of the month. The grooves should be one and a half centimeters deep, and the distance between each should be a couple of centimeters.

The sown material is covered with a small layer of moistened soil. In the first stages, a stable temperature will be required before sprouting. If it does not go beyond the range of 24-29 degrees, then rapid germination can be achieved. But in case of deviations, you will have to wait for the appearance of seedlings longer.

In addition to temperatures, humidity is also an important condition. The soil must be well moistened. Watering is minimized after the containers are placed under light and the film is removed. But minimal irrigation means moderate. The soil should be moist, but in moderation. You can not bring her condition to the formation of a crust.

It is better to transplant seedlings to the beds that were used in the previous year for growing onions or cabbage. The garden bed should be cultivated in the fall. If necessary, add additional fertilizer, preferably in the form of humus. The depth of the place for seedlings should not exceed the size of the earthen coma, which holds on to the root system of a young plant.

Each place for planting, a recess can be treated with nitrogen fertilizer. The use of a calcium-based material will be effective. Wood ash, according to reviews, will allow the Volgograd early ripening tomato to develop after transplantation without the risk of rotting.

After transplanting, it is time to plan the irrigation and fertilization regime. The farmer has two weeks for this, while the tomato bushes harden and take root in a new place. As a rule, two waterings per week or even ten days is sufficient. The same rule applies here as when watering seedlings - do not overmoisten, but also do not lead to a crust on the soil surface.

Fertilizer is applied four times during the growing season. The first time is for transplantation, the second for the flowering period (switching to phosphate and potash fertilizers), the third for the period when the ovary is created by the bushes. The last feeding is two weeks after the previous one. Additionally, fertilizing materials are added if necessary if there is a problem with a deficiency of a specific micronutrient.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the Volgograd early ripening variety of tomatoes include the following:

  • getting an early harvest
  • simultaneous amicable ripening of fruits
  • equal sizes of medium-sized fruits, which are convenient for canning
  • high taste characteristics
  • undemanding care
  • disease and pest resistance
  • tolerates transportation, is well stored.

There are no obvious flaws in the variety. It is rare to hear complaints about poorly tolerated heat in a greenhouse, a decrease in yields. But this is a biological property of the plant - pollen becomes sterile at high temperatures.

Reference Information

To get a high yield with minimal maintenance, you need to be responsible when choosing the types of tomatoes. Newbies often chase the beautiful packaging of Dutch hybrids, giving up the extra money for the European brand. Proven domestic varieties of vegetables are in no way inferior to imported counterparts.

The Volgograd tomato is a determinant plant that pleases farmers with its unpretentious care. According to the description, the compact bush does not need to be tied up: the undersized tomato has a thick, stable trunk that resembles a small tree. Due to the high yield, up to 7 kg of fruits are removed from one square meter.

The first inflorescence is laid above the sixth or seventh leaf, then after 1-2, each cluster has 5-9 fruits.

The Volgogradsky tomato variety is an early ripening culture. After the appearance of the first shoots and before harvesting, 100-110 days pass. The plant is suitable for growing outdoors and greenhouses.It is moderately resistant to "tomato" diseases, therefore preventive treatments against rot are recommended.

According to the description, the fruits are round, smooth with an orange-red tint. The average weight of a tomato is from 80 to 120 g. They have a rich taste with a pleasant sourness. The dense pulp contains an increased amount of dry matter (5-6%) and a lot of sugar (3%). The fruits are used in cooking:

  • vegetable cuts
  • conservation
  • juices
  • sauces.

Volgograd tomato is well transported and stored for a long time. Therefore, the plant is often grown by large agricultural farms. Experienced gardeners harvest before full ripeness: brown tomatoes gradually "reach" in the sun, which does not affect the taste and quality characteristics of the variety.

Volgogradsky tomato belongs to the determinant varieties

Main characteristic

Variety Volgogradskiy Skorospely 323 - early maturing culture. Fruit ripening occurs in 100-109 days. The tomato is determinate, undersized. The height of the bush rises to 35-45 cm. When grown in the fields, the bushes are usually not tied up. On the garden plot, the seedlings are supported with pegs:

  • tomato orange-red, rounded. The pulp is juicy, sweet with sourness. Sugar level 3.06%
  • average weight 74-100 g
  • productivity is 401 c / ha
  • Volgograd tomato is not whimsical, has good resistance to infections, but plant breeders recommend preventive measures.

The first brush is formed on the 6th leaf. The next peduncles come out through the leaf or on the following leaves. Up to 10 brushes can be formed on a bush. On each, 5-8 ovaries are formed.

Variety Volgogradsky Skorospely 323, according to reviews of gardeners, has good productivity. Up to 6 kg are harvested from one bush.

Seedlings may develop a black leg. This is root rot. It is caused by a fungus that is located on the surface of the soil. It develops in a warm microclimate with high humidity. The stem begins to rot at the point of contact with the ground.

As a preventive measure, they normalize the humidity of the air and soil. Ash is added to the soil mixture for seedlings, treatment with "Fitosporin" is carried out.

The tomato is unpretentious, it can even grow in soil for technical use, but experts recommend preparing a fertile garden for plants. In the fall, humus, ash, and baking powder are added to it. For insects, the soil is sprayed with the drug "Neoron" or "Nitrofoska" is used.

In spring, mineral fertilizers are applied. So that the seedlings do not experience a deficiency of potassium and magnesium, use "Kalimagnesia", 10 g / m 2. Further harrowing is carried out. The soil should be soft and moist.

Tomatoes are grown from seedlings 50 days old. It is planted when the soil warms up to 17 C. When planting, follow the planting scheme. There are 4 bushes per 1 m 2. The distance between the rows is at least 50 cm, but it can be more, at the discretion of the gardener.

Seedlings are grown in greenhouses where they maintain an optimal microclimate. Seed ripening occurs at a temperature of 25-28 C. After 5-7 days, seedlings appear. For young growth, they are kept at 23-24 C, but only in the first 3 days. Further, the mode is corrected.

Reduce the night temperature to 18 C, in the daytime 20 C. A similar regime is necessary for the seedlings to form the root system normally. When 2 true leaves grow on the bush, a dive is carried out.

For this, individual cups are used. For dived seedlings, I can withstand a temperature of 23-24 C for the first 3-4 days. Then the indicator is reduced.

They follow the daylight hours. It should be at least 16 hours. If the seedlings are strongly stretched, then the daylight hours are reduced to 10-8 hours. Day and night temperatures are made the same 18-19 C. Watering is carried out both root and surface, but the soil should not be swamped.

It is recommended to add "Fitosporin" or "Alirin" to the irrigation liquid as a prophylaxis against fungal infections. The greenhouse must be ventilated.

How to care?

Volgograd tomato 323 can develop and bear fruit in almost any conditions. It tolerates heat over 30 C, dry season, precipitation, wind, but in order to get a decent harvest, the plants must be looked after. The bushes are undersized, there is no need to pinch them.

The Volgogradsky variety is also grown in Siberia, in an open garden or in greenhouse conditions. We must be prepared for the fact that the bush grows taller and more branched.

Numerous stepchildren appear in internodes. The plant must be decorated. When grown in the Lower Volga region, seedlings are not cut or torn off.

Water the tomatoes as needed. Seedlings are recommended to mulch immediately after they have adapted to the new soil. The mulch will retain moisture and prevent waterlogging. Sand, straw or sawdust mixed with ash are laid around the bushes.

2-3 days after watering, young seedlings are spud. Sprinkling the stem stimulates the development of lateral root processes. They firmly hold the plants in the ground, improve their nutrition. Remember to loosen the soil.

For the tomato of the Volgograd Early Ripe 323, it is recommended to introduce top dressing. Mineral fertilizers are used. Nutritional complexes will prevent deficiency of potassium, phosphates, nitrates, boron, magnesium and other elements:

  • during the entire development of seedlings, fertilizer "Malyshok" or "Agricola-3" is used. They are used once every 10 days.
  • after planting seedlings in the ground, the use of the complexes continues. If the seedlings quickly adapt, then other top dressing is not introduced. Otherwise, potassium sulfate is introduced, "Multiflor Aqua"
  • after 2 weeks, you can enter sodium nitrate, but only if the leaves develop poorly
  • to strengthen the ovary, top dressing is carried out with a solution of potassium permanganate or boric acid. Special complexes are also used: "Borogum-M", "MagBor"
  • to ensure normal nutrition for tomatoes, superphosphate, "Potassium Humates" are introduced, and fertilizers for seedlings are continued.

Variety Volgogradsky 323 rarely gets sick, but after rains and winds, it is recommended to treat the seedlings with Fitosporin or Baktofit. These funds will prevent fungal and viral diseases. They can be applied once every 21 days. They irrigate not only the bushes, but also the soil.

As a prevention of infections, gardeners use folk remedies. Tomato bushes are sprayed with infusion of onion husks, garlic, ash. The seedlings are treated with boric acid. It is not only a medicine for plants, but also a good feeding.

Tomato Volgograd Early Ripe 323 attracts plant breeders with early ripening, good yield, tasty fruits. Among the shortcomings, a tendency to cracking is noted if watering is not organized correctly. Tomatoes are used to prepare juice and sauces. The fruits are frozen, they are prepared for conservation.

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