How to plant strawberries in spring under agrofibre?
Increasingly, gardeners use agrofibre when growing strawberries. Thanks to the use of polymer material and its unique characteristics, the labor intensity of work on the beds has significantly decreased. When choosing an early berry on the market, preference is given to pure strawberries with an even color and no signs of decay. It is this kind of crop that can be grown using agrofibre. In this article, we will find out which fiber material is better, how to plant berries under it and consider the planting scheme.
What is strawberry agrofiber and what is it for?
The material began to be used not so long ago (about 15-17 years old), but millions of gardeners have already appreciated its advantages. The fabric is made of polypropylene fibers in a non-woven way. The porous structure does not impede the penetration of moisture and oxygen. The composition does not include toxic substances, which indicates the safety of the product, both for human health and the environment.
The safety of agrotextiles is due to the polymer composition used for the production of food containers.
Agrofibre is designed for different areas of agricultural activities. The material protects the sprouts from spring frosts on the soil, creates a comfortable microclimate for plants, and prevents the soil from drying out. Weeds do not grow on beds covered with canvas due to opacity, and the thermal conductivity index allows you to insulate the walls of greenhouses that are operated year-round or since February.
Depending on the species, the shelter can be laid on the ground or fixed to the frame, covering the plants from the scorching sun or heavy rains. The textile prevents damage to plants from strong winds or hail. The use of material for greenhouses makes it possible to get an early harvest. Unlike film, textiles freely pass air and moisture, and in price it is quite affordable.
Previously, when growing strawberries, creating comfortable conditions and protection had to be done by mulching. Sand mixed with peat was poured over the soil in the beds, or straw and dry leaves were covered. Obligatory and regular were also considered: watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds. By using agrotextiles, effort and time can be kept to a minimum.
Advantages and disadvantages of using agrofibre when planting strawberries
Like any material, agrofibre has its advantages and disadvantages. You need to familiarize yourself with them so that unpleasant surprises do not arise during the process of laying or using.
The pluses of nonwoven fabric include:
- a simple and quick way of laying on the beds;
- the soil is protected from weathering and drying out;
- after watering or rain, the berries will remain clean;
- the lack of contact of strawberries with moist soil prevents the formation of rot or unripe areas;
- you will not have to process the aisles from weeds;
- it is much easier to control the growth of the mustache;
- the number of waterings is reduced;
- the risk of getting a fungal infection decreases;
- berries ripen 2-3 weeks earlier.
To the listed advantages, it should be added that the material is used repeatedly. With careful handling, it retains its qualities for 3-4 years.
The material has few downsides. The first time after the appearance of textiles on the market, its cost was inaccessible to the masses. Now this fact is irrelevant. More significant disadvantages are surface contamination after rain or watering. You can solve the problem by simply washing the canvas with soapy water. When purchasing a product, you should correctly select the density.
With an indicator of more than 30 g / m2, there is a high probability of dew formation on the inner surface, which creates favorable conditions for the spread of various diseases. And one more disadvantage is low strength; under mechanical stress, the canvas breaks through.
Types of agrofibre
Depending on the density index, the purpose of the material and its type are determined.
- Textile 17 g / m2, available in white and black, is used as a cover for the beds. It is used to protect crops or crops from frost (up to -2 °), rain, temperature extremes, and the spread of pests. Due to its light weight, the canvas is lined directly on top of the plants, without interfering with their development and growth. Light transmittance is up to 90%. It is not necessary to remove agrofibre for watering, disclosure is provided only during the flowering period for the purpose of pollination.
- Textile 23 g / m2 is designed to protect crops from frost (from -2 ° to -5 °). When laying, it does not require a frame, the canvas lies on top of the beds and is fixed with heavy objects along the entire perimeter. Also, this type is used to insulate the walls of the greenhouse.
- The 30 g / m2 textile protects from frost (down to -7 °), scorching sun rays, wind and torrential rains. The structure of the material is strong, able to withstand snow drifts. The canvases are fixed on a frame (usually curved tubes) or on the trunks of shrubs and trees. This growing technology provides an early harvest (2-3 weeks).
- Textile 42 g / m2 is a durable material that is used for greenhouses and greenhouses. Due to the properties and density of agrofibre, plants are protected from frost (up to -8 °), temperature extremes and adverse weather conditions. Covering greenhouses is done well in advance (one week before planting or sowing) to warm up the soil and air. In autumn, the trunks of shrubs and trees are wrapped in linen to protect them from freezing in winter.
- Textile 50 g / m2 does not transmit light, is used as mulch. It is laid on the ground, protecting the beds from weeds, drying out the soil. Wintering with such a shelter prevents crops from freezing.
- Textile 60 g / m2 white is the densest and most durable material used for greenhouses, greenhouses... Prevents freezing of plants at 10 degrees below zero. It transmits light and moisture well, creating favorable conditions for development and growth.
- Textile 60 g / m2 black is intended for mulch, does not transmit light, which prevents the growth of weeds. The material retains heat well, allows air to pass through, and prevents the spread of mold.
Agrofibre is produced in white and black in rolls with a range of widths from 1.5 to 4.2 m.
The higher the density of the agrofibre, the lower the light transmittance.
For mulching strawberries, a Black cloth with a density index of 50 g / m2 is suitable. In difficult climatic conditions, it is recommended to use 2 types of textiles at the same time: white 17 g / m2 for covering over the beds, black 60 g / m2 for laying on the ground surface.
When is it better to plant strawberries using agrofibre: spring or autumn
Strawberries are usually planted in both spring and fall. When using agrofibre, it is preferable to do this in the spring, since all stages of the process are typical for spring gardening work. The planted tubers develop faster and better, throw out tendrils, which can increase the yield next year. And the canvas after wintering does not need to be removed in order to clean it from debris and earth.
The disembarkation period depends solely on the climatic characteristics. In the middle lane, this is done from mid-April to early May.
How to properly plant strawberries under agrofibre?
The first stage is to equip the beds... It is necessary to choose a place for planting strawberries taking into account the good illumination of the sun's rays and the availability of watering. If the garden is embossed, then preference is given to the upper tier in order to protect the roots of the plant from excessive moisture in groundwater. Sloping beds should be leveled by making a reliable support to prevent soil loss.
After marking the beds (taking into account the width of the agrofibre), digging and loosening of the soil is performed. In this case, old roots, debris, weeds should be removed. The treated area must be fertilized. For these purposes, you can use humus, wood ash and other mineral fertilizers.
Further, the beds are lined with canvases, the joints are overlapped (at least 20 cm). Along the perimeter, the textiles must be pressed to the ground and fixed with stones or bricks so that the wind does not tear off the created shelter. Additional fasteners are studs made of wire (Ø 6 mm). For this, pieces of 70 cm are cut and bent in half. It is better to install them after planting the tubers, so it is easier to identify invisible zones (for example, between bushes).
How to plant a berry?
The next step is to plant strawberries. Some manufacturers took care in advance by making holes for seedlings on the canvas. If there are none, then disembarkation points are marked on the canvas. It is important to provide enough space between the bushes, but it should also not be large.
Ideally, there should be a distance of 20-30 cm between the holes. The marked places are cut with a sharp knife (the cut is made crosswise with a length of 10-14 cm). In the case of planting tubers with pots, it is recommended to make round holes for easy installation and removal of the plant. The depth of the holes in this case corresponds to the parameters of the pot.
Seedlings are picked up with developed roots, but not a thick base. There should be at least five leaves without signs of damage. Before planting, it is necessary to keep the tubers in a cool place for 4-5 days.
The planted tubers must be covered with the corners of the cutout and watered well. It is better to do this from a hose with an installed spray. The rain effect will create less dirt on the canvas and provide even moisture to the beds. During the period of seedling survival, it is advisable to spend 0.5-1 liters of water for each bush.
How to water strawberries under agrofibre?
Care for strawberries grown under agrofibre is carried out as usual. It is not necessary to remove the canvas for irrigation, the material passes water well. One of the advantages of textiles is moisture retention in the upper layers of the soil. This is important to take into account so as not to overfill the beds. The usual irrigation regime with covered ground is reduced by a third. The frequency depends entirely on weather conditions. In dry weather, it is recommended to moisten the beds at least once every 5-7 days by sprinkling. Approximately 10 liters of water is used per m2 of land.
The jet from the hose should not be strong, it is necessary to use nozzles that dissect the water. The roots are located at the surface of the soil. With an abundant pressure, the soil will be washed out, depriving the tubers of shelter. The recommended water temperature for irrigation is at least 18 °. Cold irrigation can kill the plant. Most often, a settled liquid is used, in which the content of chlorine and other chemical impurities is minimal.
Spot irrigation is considered no less effective. Such a system provides for the location of the hole on the hose directly at the root system of the tubers. It is easier to track the amount of water consumed and the degree of moistening of the beds with this method. The only drawback is the lack of the ability to wash off dust and dirt from the strawberry bushes.
During the flowering period, watering increases to 3 liters per bush (up to 25 liters per m2). But the decisive factor is the degree of soil moisture. If it is moist and loose, which is controlled by retracting the corners of the incision, then the amount of fluid is reduced. When the berries turn red, the need for irrigation decreases, and sometimes irrigation stops for a while. So it will be possible to grow strawberries saturated with flavor notes.
After harvesting, watering until mid-August is carried out as usual (10 liters per m2). This will enable the plant to feed and grow stronger in order to survive in the winter.
Before choosing agrofibre, it is worth considering important factors: purpose, period of use, garden parameters, climatic features. This will allow you to choose the most suitable option, providing an early harvest and easy care. Now you know how to plant and cover your berries!
How to plant strawberries in spring?
There are not so many people in the world who would be indifferent to strawberries. But there are probably many more who would like to acquire their own strawberry plantation. Today we will talk about whether it is possible to plant strawberries in spring and how to do it correctly.
Can strawberries be planted in spring?
As with most perennials, strawberries can be propagated in autumn and spring. Autumn (more precisely, late summer, as it occurs in the last decade of August) planting justifies itself in regions with a warm climate and mild winters. In more severe conditions, it is recommended to plant strawberries in the spring, so that before the autumn weather worsens, the bushes have time to take root and get stronger. But waiting for a full harvest in the year of spring planting is not worth it.
How to plant strawberries in spring?
Step 1 - finding the right place
To make the strawberry in the garden feel at ease, you need to choose the right place for planting it. It is best if the site will be located on a small elevation, oriented to the southwest. The soil must be both loose and nutritious, as well as protected from possible accumulation of melt or groundwater. In this case, you must definitely pay attention to the plants that grew in this place last season. The ideal predecessors for strawberries will be legumes, root crops or siderates, but planting strawberries after nightshades is highly discouraged.
Step 2 - preparing the garden
Strawberry is a rather "gluttonous" plant that requires an increased amount of nutrients. Therefore, in the fall, the planned site must be dug up, carefully selecting the remnants of weeds from the ground, and at the same time adding organic matter (humus or rotted manure) and mineral complexes to the soil. Particular attention should be paid to the acidity of the soil - it should be no more than 5.5-6.0 pH.
Step 3 - choose a landing method
You can plant strawberries in the spring both in the traditional (non-covering) way, and on agrofibre. For traditional planting, choose one of the following bed planning options:
- Planting in separate bushes. In this case, strawberries are planted at intervals of 50-65 cm, and then mustaches and weeds are carefully removed. This is a rather laborious method, but it pays off due to the high quality of the crop.
- Planting in rows. The strawberries are planted in rows with 20 cm intervals between bushes and 40 cm between rows. Leaving, as in the previous case, requires a lot of effort.
- Planting by nests. The strawberries are planted in a hexagonal shape, with one plant in the center and the other six at a distance of 10 cm from it. This method makes sense when there is a need to place a large amount of planting material in a small area.
- Carpet planting. With this method, the mustache is not removed and the strawberry grows wildly, forming a kind of carpet.
How to plant strawberries on agrofibre in spring?
Planting on agrofibre is performed as follows:
- Overlap agrofibre canvases and secured with special studs.
- In the places where the bushes are placed, cuts are made with a 5x5 cm cross.
- Strawberries are planted in rows or nests, digging small pits in the places of the cuts on the fiber.
- The paths are equipped by laying boards or tiles in the aisles.
How deep to plant strawberries in spring?
Placing a bush when planting at the desired depth is one of the keys to the successful survival of seedlings.The most important rule is that the "heart" of a strawberry rosette should never be below ground level. It is optimal if it will rise slightly above the garden bed, or, in extreme cases, be flush with it.
The early dates for planting strawberries are in the last days of August - the end of September, when the weather is still quite sunny. Residual heat contributes to better adaptation of seedlings in a new place, and also allows plants to gain strength for a safe wintering. In addition, during this period, young seedlings are not so attractive to pests.
The average time for planting under agrofibre begins in the second decade of September and ends in the 20th of October. The late planting period is calculated from local climatic conditions - with late planting, strawberries are moved into open ground a month before the first cold weather.
How to properly plant strawberries under the covering material
With this agricultural technique for growing strawberries, young bushes can be planted on high ridges, which are formed by a motor-cultivator or any other special equipment, or make beds on a flat surface. The latter is especially true with a small planting area. We will tell you in more detail how to plant strawberries under a black covering material.
Preparing the soil
Before you start laying agrofibre and planting strawberry bushes, you need to properly prepare the soil. The earth is dug deep, removing debris and perennial weeds. After that, it is necessary to add 1-1.5 buckets of humus, 50 grams of nitrogen and potash fertilizers, two glasses of wood ash to the square of the garden. After fertilization, the area is dug up again and leveled with a rake.
It is necessary to plan the area of the garden taking into account the optimal location of the strawberry bushes. There should be at least 20 centimeters between plantings under the film. With a denser planting, yield indicators significantly deteriorate, and it also makes it difficult to care for the plantings. You can plant the strawberry bushes themselves either in a checkerboard pattern or in rows. You need to remember how to plant strawberries under agrofibre and carry out this procedure as carefully as possible.
It is recommended to lay a small layer of straw on the prepared soil, which will prevent overheating of the soil and improve the air exchange of the root system of the seedlings.
Covering material is spread over the straw on the prepared soil, fixing the edges with flat stones or pieces of paving slabs. It is necessary to cover agrofibre in such a way that the strips overlap each other by at least 20 centimeters.
Planting strawberries under a black covering material is performed using the line method. The optimal distance between bushes is 20-25 centimeters, and between rows - 45 centimeters. With this planting scheme, the maximum yield is ensured and the care of the grown strawberries and strawberries is significantly simplified.
Planting strawberries under a black spunbond is carried out in the same way.
It is necessary to make cuts on the film with a sharp clerical knife, where the bushes are placed, carefully covering them with earth. The rosette of leaves with such a planting should be strictly at ground level. After planting, the bed must be watered abundantly, and repeated watering is carried out after a few days. It is better to use drip irrigation, which is carried out in the evening every three days.
We take care of the landings
Planting care when using a covering material does not differ from growing strawberries in the open field. If during planting fertile soil was used with fertilization, then the first few years the plantation will not require any additional feeding. Subsequently, chicken manure, mullein or other organic matter, or other nitrogen-containing dressings, should be introduced three times per season. The first spring fertilization is done before flowering begins. The second top dressing is performed during the flowering period, and the third after the full completion of fruiting.
But watering the plantings using agrofibre and film can be reduced. As a rule, one watering per week is sufficient to provide the plant with the necessary moisture. In this case, the watering itself can be carried out both by sprinkling and using a hose.
It is necessary to regularly remove the antennae with young bushes growing on them. They can weaken mother plants, reducing yields. More than any care of strawberries and strawberries, which are grown under the covering material, will not be required from the gardener.
On the Internet, you can find a thematic video that tells how to properly plant strawberries on a covering material and how to care for them.
Manufacturers offer summer residents many varieties of agrotextiles. To choose the best option, based on the task at hand and the conditions of a particular garden, fiber is divided according to two main characteristics:
Let us consider in more detail the agrospanbond, which differs in operational parameters, and recommendations for its use.
Light and moisture resistance of the material, strength, reliability, resistance to adverse weather conditions depend on this indicator. The higher the density, the less light falls on the sheltered beds, the better they are protected from weeds.
Manufacturers offer agrotextiles with a wide variety of density indicators:
- 17 g / m². The easiest. It is laid on top of plants without using a support. Protects against small (up to -2 °) frosts.
- 23 g / m². Easy. It is used for shelter in medium (up to -5 °) frosts, does not require a frame. It can be used to insulate the walls of greenhouses operating all year round.
- 30 g / m². Middle. Reliable in frosts down to -7 °, heavy rain, hail. Used as a shelter on a frame or mulch. Increases the period of cultivation of strawberries from early spring to late autumn (when growing remontant varieties).
- 42 g / m². Dense. It is used to insulate greenhouses in winter, protects against most adverse weather conditions, and is used as mulch.
- 50 g / m². Increased density. Practically opaque, good mulching material, saves from weeds, moisture loss.
- 60 g / m². Extra dense, wear resistant. Able to protect greenhouses from frost down to -10 °. A shelter made of such a spanbond, left for the winter, protects the strawberries from freezing.
For agricultural applications, there are three spunbond colors available: white, black and double-sided black and white.
White agrotextile, which has the lowest density, is used mainly for covering plants from above from possible frost. As mulch, it is ineffective, therefore, it is not used for planting strawberries and strawberries on agrofibre.
Black agrofibre is an ideal mulching material. It inhibits the growth of weeds in the best way, prevents the soil from drying out, at the same time ensures normal air circulation around the roots and root collar of strawberry plants.
The black color accumulates heat well at the surface of the soil, which makes it possible to grow early varieties even in cold regions with late spring and mild summer.
Black-and-white agrotextiles are indispensable in latitudes with hot climates, where in summer the main danger is the appearance of a greenhouse effect under the coating, the death of plants from overheating. The white upper side of the material reflects the sun's rays well, the black lower one prevents excessive evaporation of moisture.
The width of agrotextile rolls is 1.6 or 3.2 meters.
I want to say that it is possible to mulch the soil with spunbond if we consider the following: 1. The material must be black 2. Light stabilizing substances must be present 3. The material must be dense 120 microns, preferably in 2 layers. 4. Bury the material only around the perimeter, and press it down in the middle with boards, bricks or bags with earth. 5. Noticing bulges on the surface of the beds (there are very harmful weeds), it is necessary to raise the material and remove the weed, or press it down with a brick. If you follow all these rules, then your material will serve you from 3 to 5 years. And all this time there will be a minimum of weeds.An2-nightwolf
We have a fairly long bed with strawberries in our country house, and since this is a small plant, it quickly overgrows with weeds. During the season, we weeded our garden four times, and by the fall there was no longer a trace of this weeding. And this year I decided to save my family from this problem. The technology for using the material is as follows: first we dug up the garden bed, then fertilized it, then covered it with a covering material, fixed the material around the edges. For the July strawberry, a hole-free material was used. After fixing the material on the bed, using a ruler and chalk, I made marks where to cut holes. The distance for strawberries between the bushes should be about 30 cm. Then I cut round holes. Our garden has three rows of staggered strawberries. The width of the bed is 90 cm. Then a strawberry mustache was planted in these holes. What to look for when buying. Do I need to buy material with holes? It didn't take long to cut the holes, and then I do it once in a few years. For a garden bed eight meters long, cutting the holes took no more than half an hour. So if you plan to plant only one or several beds with this material, then the presence of cut holes is not important. If you plan to plant a whole field, then, of course, it is better to choose material with holes. And one more nuance about the holes. The distance between the cut holes is 30 cm.This is good if you plan to plant strawberries with this material, but if you want to plant another crop with it, the distance between the plants for which should be different, then you definitely need to buy material without holes. Moreover, as I noted above, this process will not take much time. Material thickness. This is also an important selection criterion. The thicker your covering material, the longer it will last for you. So this is also worth paying attention to. But keep in mind that I am writing about my experience of using this material in the North-West of our country, how it will behave in a warmer climate - I do not know. If you live in a region with a warmer climate, I would advise you to first try it on a small section of the garden and experiment with different thicknesses, and empirically determine which is best for you. This is due to the fact that the ground under the covering material warms up more and, if your climate is hot, you need to see how the plants will react to additional heating.ElenaP55555
My husband and I decided to breed strawberries, so that the grass would not clog the strawberries, they put agrofibre of this company, it is comparatively cheaper than other firms, but the quality does not differ ... the air comes in perfectly. In general, who thinks about which company to buy agrofibre, I can say definitely Agreen.alyonavahenko
Planting on agrofibre helps gardeners to solve several problems at once: the mustache does not take root, the weeds do not pass, the soil remains moist for a long time and warms up faster in spring. But the costs of arranging the beds are increasing: the purchase of agrofibre, if necessary, the installation of drip irrigation tapes.