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5 ways to keep grapes for the winter at home

5 ways to keep grapes for the winter at home


The spring period and most of the summer are spent for most gardeners in labor. Taking care of fruit crops takes a lot of time and effort, but how pleasant it is to harvest. But it's too early to relax, because you need to think about how to distribute the fruits for processing, create favorable conditions for long-term storage at home. This review will discuss how you can save grapes for the winter.

Is it possible to store grapes for a long time at home

No matter how long the wait is, there comes a time when all the grapes have to be removed from the vine. Of course, you can immediately process it into juices, wine and preservation. But an even greater desire arises to enjoy the fresh berry, filled with a multifaceted aroma. It is quite possible to keep grapes at home for several months, given the important factors:

  • crop variety medium or late ripening with loose clusters is selected;
  • the berry should have firm flesh and thick skin;
  • when growing grapes on your own, pay attention agricultural regulations, they affect the safety of fruits;
  • you need to harvest only ripe (not green or overripe), and carry out the work in dry sunny weather;
  • when removing bunches, you need to try do not damage the wax coating, it promotes long-term storage (for this it is recommended to use rubber gloves);
  • before storage should be sorted damaged or spoiled grapes;
  • wash collected brushes is strictly prohibited, such a procedure only accelerates the damage to the workpiece.

The mildest varieties can be stored at home for up to 5-6 months. These include: Kutuzovsky, Autumn black, Moldavian black, Vierup-59, December, Isabella.

What varieties are suitable for long-term storage

Before purchasing grapes for planting, it is worth deciding on further methods of storage and processing of the crop. If you want to prepare fresh bunches for the New Year's table, It is recommended to consider varieties that are suitable for long-term storage and will not create problems during overexposure.

In memory of Negrul

The variety was bred as a result of crossing Corn Negra and Datie de Saint-Valier. A plant with an average ripening period tolerates frost well, it is highly resistant to typical diseases. On the bushes, medium-sized cylindrical clusters ripen, the weight reaches 400-700 grams. Egg-shaped berries are almost black in color. Each weighs 5-9 grams. The sugar content in fruits is 16-18% with an acidity of 5-7 g / l.

Features of the variety:

  • fruit covered with a dense wax coating, which ensures long-term storage;
  • the plant has a good immunity;
  • powerful skeleton of a bush allows you to remove increased yields;
  • insects practically do not attack the vine.

Fresh berries are stored at home under a certain temperature regime for up to 130 days.

Original

This variety has several varieties, the main difference of which is the color of the berry. There are three of them: white, pink and black. All plants are frost-resistant (up to -21 °) and long-term storage of berries. This is facilitated by the dense skin of the fruit and the waxy coating.

Features of grapes Original:

  • bunch weight - 400-600 gr., Some specimens weigh up to 2 kg;
  • berry shape ovoid, the weight of one is 10-12 grams;
  • taste without pronounced notes, but at the same time harmonious;
  • high yield (with proper care, up to 100 kg of fruit can be removed from the bush).

Fresh berries are stored at home under a certain temperature regime for up to 130 days.

Anniversary of the Crane

Late ripening plant with a growing season of 150-167 days. The strength of the bush is average, but this does not interfere with the formation of large conical bunches, whose weight reaches 400-500 gr. There are specimens up to 1.4 kg. The taste is simple, but sweetness is well felt (18-19% with an acidity of 8.5-9 g / l).

Features of grapes:

  • early entry into the period fruiting young vines (in the second year after disembarkation);
  • fertility indicators and yield high;
  • frost resistance (up to -25 °);
  • strong immunity minimizes preventive measures.

Fresh berries are stored at home under a certain temperature regime for up to 130 days.

Nistru

The plant is medium-sized with a growing season of 156-167 days. The variety was obtained by crossing Nimrang and Pierrell. On the bushes, beautiful cylindrical bunches ripen, weighing 700-800 grams, but there are also real champions reaching 3 kg. The density of the brush is medium. The yellow-green berry has an oval shape, at the stage of ripeness it becomes covered with a pinkish tint. The weight of one is 7-8 grams. The sugar content is 16% with an acid of 7 g / l.

Features of the variety:

  • strong immunity (allows you to grow crops without spraying);
  • frost resistance up to minus 21 °;
  • vine does not require shelter for the winter;
  • good transportability.

Fresh berries are stored at home under a certain temperature regime for up to 140 days.

Ways to preserve grapes in winter

Choosing the right grape variety for long-term storage is only half the battle. The second part is in choosing the right method and creating comfortable conditions for the bunch, so that it looks presentable and fresh on the table. Where to store grapes and how long will it last?

In the cellar

The sorted grapes can be stored in the cellar or basement during the winter, if the temperature regime is observed there from + 1 ° to + 8 °. Air humidity is suitable with increased rates (70-80%), otherwise the fruits will quickly dry out. However, waterlogging should not be allowed, otherwise rot or mold will soon form on the blanks. To regulate this process, it is recommended to regularly ventilate the room or install a forced ventilation system. A bucket of quicklime or charcoal installed in the immediate vicinity of the stored crop will also help reduce moisture.

Periodically (at least once a week), you need to inspect the fruits, the spoiled berries identified are carefully removed from the brush and disposed of.

When choosing a place for grapes it is worth giving up the neighborhood with zucchini, potatoes and other vegetables, capable of releasing moisture. It is best to find a secluded nook separate from other foods.

Using containers with water

This method is appropriate to use when storing a small amount of crops. The essence of the method is to cut the bunches together with the vine, after which the long end of the branch is placed in a bottle (or other vessel) with water. At the same time, the bunch of grapes should hang freely, so the container is fixed at an angle. To prevent bacteria from developing in the water, a tablet of activated charcoal or aspirin is added to it. This will help prevent rot formation. With this storage, the bunches remain fresh for up to 2 months, sometimes until the New Year.

Periodically, you should cut (renew the cut) the vine to allow the grapes to be nourished with moisture.

On a wire

The sorted bunches are tied in pairs by the comb. Twine is used for the ligament. Further, in the cellar or basement, several rows of wire are pulled and the brushes are fixed with clothespins or with a thread. The grapes should be placed tightly, but with an interval for air circulation (at least 3-5 cm).

The blanks are periodically inspected to remove damaged berries. The more thoroughly the cleaning is done, the longer the fruits are preserved.

It is better to pull the twine or wire at different heights so that the bunches do not touch each other. On the floor under the suspensions, it is necessary to lay burlap or plastic wrap for timely harvesting of fallen berries. If this is not done, a vinegar fly will start, which will provoke a bacterial infection of the entire crop.

Application of boxes

Dry wooden boxes or tubs are used as containers. Before filling the tree with fruits, you need to treat it with an antiseptic or fumigate the container with sulfur. After complete drying, a layer of sawdust or straw (2-3 cm thick) is lined on the bottom. Dry bunches, pre-sorted, are laid out on an interlayer so that the grapes do not touch each other. Each row is sprinkled with a layer of sawdust. Sawdust is poured over the brushes, and the container is covered with a lid. It is not necessary to fill the box with fruits to the very top, it is important that there is little space between the lid and the sawdust for air circulation.

When choosing sawdust, pine and spruce should be discarded. The aroma of the needles negatively affects the taste of the grapes. Better to give preference to fruit trees, as well as poplar or linden.

Properly freezing in the freezer

Preserve the taste and aroma of berries you can also freeze them... Dark and white varieties are suitable for this method, but the former are stored longer. It is important not to re-expose grapes to low temperatures.

The sequence of how to properly freeze fruits:

  1. Thoroughly clear the bunches from damaged berries and debris. Rinse and dry naturally.
  2. Spread out brushes on a tray so that the grapes do not touch each other. Send them to the refrigerator for a couple of hours.
  3. Place the tray with the workpiece for half an hour into the chamber and freeze.
  4. After aging in the freezer, take out the fruits and pack in portions into containers.
  5. Send to freezer for storage... The storage temperature is set at -24 ° C.

It is possible to harvest both whole brushes and individual berries by freezing. The shelf life for this processing method is 7-8 months.

Before eating, the berries must be removed in advance and refrigerated for 18-20 hours for smooth defrosting. If necessary, the process is accelerated by immersing frozen berries in cool water, but this method loses its taste.

Light grape varieties are harvested with individual berries directly in sweet syrup. The sequence of processing grapes:

  • wash and dry the sorted bunches;
  • carefully detach every berry;
  • put on a tray in one layer and send to the freezer for 30 minutes;
  • boil the syrup from water and sugar, cool it;
  • remove the berries from the freezer and spoon water each;
  • send again for 30 minutes in the freezer;
  • repeat the procedure after 30 minutes, turning frozen fruits;
  • frozen berries in syrup fold into a container and store in the freezer (-20 ° to -24 °).

If you follow the recommendations of specialists and experienced gardeners, then feast on delicious berries that benefit the body, it will be possible all New Year's holidays... In addition, grapes in themselves are a worthy decoration of the festive table.


Available techniques, thanks to which grapes can be preserved at home for the winter

Not only experienced landowners, but also amateur gardeners may have a question how to save grapes for the winter. Contrary to popular belief, it is quite possible to do this at home, you just need to approach the process correctly.

True, a standard apartment will not work here, for a long period you can save the product in its original form only in a room with special conditions. These include a stable temperature within +2 .. + 8 ° C, humidity not higher than 60-70%, darkness, absence of insects and mold, good ventilation or regular ventilation.


How to store dill in the refrigerator and without it

You can keep the dill fresh for a long time in a refrigerator... To save greens for no more than a week, choose a container made of food grade plastic as a container: the dishes are ideal for delicate twigs. Just put the prepared crop in a container, close the lid and place in the refrigerator on the vegetable shelf.

If you store dill in the refrigerator without placing it in a container, it will quickly wither.

To save dill a little longer - 1-2 weeks - put the branches in a jar of water... Cover the greens with a plastic bag on top before placing the container in the refrigerator. Remember to change the water in the jar at least once a day.

If you need to keep dill fresh in the refrigerator for 1-2 months, use one of the following methods:

  1. Store your herbs in a plastic bag or glass jar. Spread the unwashed dry dill into one-liter jars or bags so that there is enough free space in the container. Close the jar with a nylon lid, and in the case of a bag, inflate it to let oxygen inside, and tie it tightly. Store in the refrigerator at the lowest level. In this form, dill will retain its aroma and rich green color, as well as all the vitamins and nutrients.
  2. Save the dill in the bag with an onion. Fold the herbs in a plastic bag, add the 4-cut onion to the contents and tie it up. Pierce the bag in several places to allow air to enter and send to the refrigerator. Change the bulb to a new one every 4-5 days.

You bought a bunch of fresh dill on the market, but there was no room in the fridge? If you need to save a small amount of greenery for just a few days, use the following method. Fill a jar or glass with clean water, put a bunch there and close it tightly with a plastic bag on top. Send the prepared "bouquet" to a dark place. In this form, the greens will not lose their properties. within 3-5 days.

At room temperature, dill is stored in a glass of water for no more than 5 days.

Video

We offer you to watch a video about different ways to save salad:

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How to choose the right one

Each grower must choose the most suitable way of storing the harvested crop. However, you should be aware that there are certain conditions, the fulfillment of which will extend the shelf life of the fruit until spring.

  • late varieties are best suited for long-term storage, such berries have a thick skin, dense flesh, they have good transportability
  • picking fruits should be carried out with the utmost care, since if you wipe off the wax bloom from the berries, they will not last long
  • the collection of bunches is carried out in dry weather, preferably in the morning, just wait until the dew dries
  • if it is rainy weather or the fog cannot dissipate in the morning, it is better to postpone the harvest for another day.

When removing the brushes, do not shake them, remove them with one hand, if possible, and support them from below with the other. It is better to cut the bunches with a pruner.


In case of violation of the rules for storing grapes, naturally, the shelf life will be reduced. The more gross the mistakes, the worse it will affect the shelf life. Fruits may begin to mold, ferment, or dry out.

Tips and tricks from gardeners to increase the shelf life of grapes:

  • It is best to store the crop at 0 degrees. At positive temperatures, the water from the berries will quickly evaporate, and they will dry out faster.
  • It is not recommended to cut the brushes if there is still dew on them. Better to wait until it evaporates.
  • Bunches should be removed for storage as late as possible.
  • The varieties with a high sugar content in the pulp will be best, the optimal value is at least 15%.
  • Berries can be frozen. The main thing is that no more than 8 hours have passed between collection and freezing.
  • The varieties that are not prone to shedding differ in the duration of storage even after the brushes have reached technical maturity.

  • For cutting, you need to prepare the tool in advance. Pruning shears or scissors are sharpened so that no creases remain. This is important for both the shelf life and the health of the entire vine. You can periodically wipe the pruner with alcohol.
  • During cleaning, it is better to wear soft gloves so as not to touch the berries and not to wash off the wax film.
  • When inspecting berries, it is advisable to use thin scissors or tweezers to cut off damaged fruits.
  • The crop should be inspected regularly. Even if you create ideal conditions, there is always a risk of developing mold. And the sooner it is discovered, the more bunches can be kept good.
  • The humidity in the room where the bunches are hung should not exceed 80%. In order to lower the percentage of moisture, you need to put containers with charcoal and change it periodically.

By following these tips, you can increase the shelf life of the harvested grapes to 4-5 months.


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