DIY rabbit cages - basic principles and steps
Making a cage for rabbits with your own hands should start with the selection of a place for the location of the rabbitry. The main criterion is the protection of the place from wind, drafts and the scorching sun. What else do you need to know to create a comfortable home for your pets?
Choosing a building material
It is not worth using chipboards, because during operation they swell and crumble from moisture
Before you start making cages for rabbits, you need to select the material. The use of iron is not recommended. All parts of the cage that will experience loads (frame, supports) must be made of wooden blocks. Depending on the climate, as well as on the place where the rabbitry will be equipped - outdoors or indoors - boards of various thicknesses, plywood or mesh are taken for the walls. It is not worth using chipboards, because during operation they swell and crumble from moisture.
The mesh for rabbit cages, welded and at least 2 mm thick, mesh size 1.6 x 4.8 cm, is considered the most ideal option for the floor. The smaller cell becomes clogged with rabbit waste and makes it difficult to clean the cage. The requirements for the mesh on the door are much lower; any available one can be used, provided that the rabbit cannot crawl through the mesh. It can be simply braided, not necessarily welded, and its thickness does not really matter. In order to prevent injury to animals, all wooden parts of the cage must be carefully planed and free from chips and scuffs.
Rabbit cage video, step by step construction
How to build a rabbit cage
In the process of breeding rabbits at different stages, cages for various purposes are needed. Some are intended for the maintenance of females, while others are for rabbits. Separate cages should be for males. As a result, it turns out that it is necessary to build a real mini-farm.
There is no single standard for cage sizes for rabbits, because they depend on the body weight of the rabbits that will live there. Although their length should not be less than 150 cm, width 70 cm, and height 50. Even a novice rabbit breeder is not difficult to figure out how to make a rabbit cage, divided into two sections.
Some are intended for keeping females, while others are for rabbits.
Stages of building a cage:
- From wooden blocks we make a frame for a rabbit cage, the drawings of which you can make yourself. You just need to remember that the height of the front wall should be at least 20 cm higher than the height of the back.
- We sheathe the frame with boards or plywood.
- Inside, we fence off the nesting compartment, where later a mother house will be set up for the rabbit or a house will be mounted.
- In the partition between the compartments, at a height of 15 cm from the floor, cut a hole 25 cm in diameter through which the rabbits will pass.
- The door in the nesting compartment is made of solid wood, at the same time in the aft compartment it is made of a fine-mesh metal mesh.
- The floor in the feed compartment is laid from slats 3 cm wide with a gap of not more than 1.5 cm, or we grill it with a fine mesh.
- The floor in the nesting compartment is made of solid wood.
- It is recommended to fasten the roof of the cage with hinges so that it can be raised if necessary;
- Place a pan for collecting excrement under the cage.
It is recommended to fasten the roof of the cage with hinges so that it can be raised if necessary
Inside the cage made for breeding rabbits, we install feeders, drinkers and fix the manger for hay. We make drinkers and feeders in the cage retractable and hinged. It is advisable to install them outside or in such a way that rabbits do not have the opportunity to contaminate their contents. When installing the cages outdoors, they are placed on stands at a height of about 70 cm from the ground. This will keep pets and rodents away from your rabbits, and will make maintenance of the cage easier and faster.
The rabbit enclosure is an open space that is fenced around the perimeter. Its size is determined by the number of livestock that are planned to be kept in it. So, females with offspring of up to 25 cubs or 30 juveniles will be able to comfortably accommodate in an area of 20 m2. Aviaries should be built on higher elevations to avoid possible flooding. For the walls of the enclosure, you can use any material that is available: slate, metal sheets, wood. But one of the sides, in order to provide access to the sun and ventilation of the area, must be made of mesh. Since rabbits jump very high, the wall should be at least a meter high, or even better one and a half.
DIY rabbit cage video
To reduce construction costs, it is easiest to make an earthen floor in the aviary. At the same time, in order to exclude the possibility of the escape of pets, it is necessary to bury the walls 50 centimeters into the ground or you can drive iron rods of a meter length around the entire perimeter every ten centimeters. In order for the rabbits to take shelter from precipitation, part of the enclosure must be closed with a canopy. However, instead of it, one shed or several small houses raised above the ground are perfect for animals.
How to make a nutria cage
- Using the drawings, you need to cut the blanks for the cage. There will be no windows in the sleeping area, but a hole of 20 by 20 cm is needed.
- Next, a panel is prepared from the outer layers of boards with an insulation gasket. The frame will be the stiffening ribs, the inner slats - the insulation will be fixed on them.
- Three-layer panels need to be connected to each other, making a bedroom frame on three sides. The fourth side will be the net.
- The summer house is assembled from a mesh fixed to a frame made of wooden beams.
- To take care of the nutria, the roof must open, the mount is hinged.
- Doors are installed for the movement of animals. Feeders and drinkers are placed in the dining room, they are fixed on the walls.
- Arrangement: make do-it-yourself feeders for nutria. A diy drinker for nutria is made as simple as a feeder. The main thing is that the feeders and drinkers are strong and the animals cannot turn them over.
- A pull-out tray is made under the net for collecting waste.
The range should be quite large - these are active animals, they need to move a lot. The length of the walk can be up to 2.5 meters and in no way less than one meter. Its width should be made from 70 cm to one and a half meters. Since nutria climb very well, the height of the walls should be at least 80 cm. Or you need to walk with a mesh roof.
The cage is completely ready for use at any time of the year. It only remains to add a pool for the summer. It should be taken into account that nutria will also defecate in the pool, therefore it will need to be cleaned quite often. The descent into the pool must be made smooth, so the site is located with a slight slope. A metal trough in the ground is suitable as a pool.
It happens that one cell is not enough, and then you can make a double structure, where there will be a common wall. The houses are specially made with a common side wall to save space. You will also need a separate room for females with children without walking, it should be two-section, about 100 by 80 cm in size, with a front wall height of at least 70 cm.
All the basic principles for keeping nutria are the same. The main thing is that they are provided with cleanliness in their house, the right size of the room, the availability of fresh food and water for bathing in summer. In winter, farmers do not allow the nutria not only to swim, but also to drink water. It is replaced by extremely juicy food. Thus, excess dampness does not form in the room, and the amount of water in the food for the nutria is sufficient for a comfortable life.
It should also be taken into account that adult males do not get along well with each other, if kept together, this can provoke fights in animals. Their content should be in different houses. But family they live quite calmly in the same aviary, the males are kept together with several females.
All other features of the cage and its arrangement, the total size of the cage for keeping, the farmer selects himself, depending on the climatic conditions and the number of his herd.
If the cage is made in accordance with all the requirements and features, then the nutria house will fully meet the needs of these animals. Then the health, development and offspring of nutria will be ensured, and none of the animals will run away and disappear.
It happens that nutria is not bred on a farm scale, but kept as pets. These animals are quite cute and welcoming, they can become attached to the owner and recognize him. However, we must remember that they are quite whimsical in their content, and in an apartment caring for such an animal will be very difficult. In addition, it will be much more difficult to control the likelihood of the animal escaping. And the nutria, first of all, is still a wild animal and can escape if the opportunity presents itself.
The essence of the mini-farm I.N. Mikhailova
The design is designed in the form of a machine, which provides automatic care for the animals. With the right approach, the farm owner participates in the process to a minimum. At the same time, he regularly monitors the condition of the animals and the health of the mini-farm.
Igor Nikolaevich's goal was to grow rabbits-accelerators, resistant to adverse environmental factors. He placed the animals in the conditions of the street, providing them with the necessary: a place to live, food and water, cleaning the premises. Even little rabbits live with him in Spartan conditions, grow and develop beautifully. The cages are provided with natural ventilation and a system for collecting pet faeces. The new generation of accelerating rabbits has obvious advantages over other animals:
- high immunity
- thick wool
- heavy weight.
The large weight of pets is due to the natural environment in which they are kept. As in nature, they have to accumulate body fat in order to withstand bad weather and winter cold.
Little rabbits are near the mother for three months after birth. They receive its warmth and milk and are accustomed to living independently. If the mother rabbit is well fed and not disturbed once more, the offspring will quickly gain weight. Three - and four month old young growth can weigh from 4 to 6 kg. The female breeds rabbits not once a season, but all year round.
A mini-farm according to Mikhailov can be built on a large and small plot. There are rabbit breeding enterprises where this method has been successfully used for many years.
Different types of feeders
The rabbit feeder itself is a tool that saves time and effort and improves the hygiene of the cages. You should know that the animal comes to the food about thirty times during the day.
Feeding containers can be divided into subspecies according to a specific type of feed. They target:
- root crops
- grain mixtures
- combined feed.
It is better to have different types of models in the assortment in order to use them for a certain type of feed if necessary. A rabbit feeder can be:
What tools do you need?
Tools that are familiar to almost everyone will come in handy. In order to work harmoniously and calmly, without stopping to search for them, prepare your inventory in advance.
To collect a rabbit cage you may need:
- electric jigsaw (or hacksaw)
- screwdriver and self-tapping screws
- hammer and small nails
- construction stapler with staples
- side cutters or wire mesh pliers
- copper or aluminum wire
Schemes for making wood crafts
Original wood appliques are a great opportunity to spend useful time with children. After all, such activities not only unite families, but also develop the creative abilities of the future generation. And the house is filled with many beautiful things.
Crafts from hemp for a summer residence - video
Ideas for unusual rabbitries
In the process of raising rabbits, breeders have original ideas. For example, wire mesh cages are placed inside an old closet to protect rabbits from drafts and slide out for cleaning as needed.
The design of the rabbitry according to the Chinese cultivation technology assumes a four-tier placement of the cages in the greenhouse. It is convenient to transfer this structure to another place. The greenhouse can be made from polycarbonate or built from old windows.
House from old frames
Rabbits love to build burrows, so it is more advisable to grow them in a hole 1.8 m deep with a size of 2 x 2 m.At the same time, its walls must be reinforced with slate so that the animals do not run away.
To protect from precipitation and wind, a small house is installed above the moat. For this, logs are placed and the floor is laid from 40 mm boards. The walls of the house are made of window frames, they are fastened with screws to the beams. The gable roof is covered with iron.
House for rabbits from old window frames
The role of drinkers is performed by 5-liter bottles. One feeder is used for hay, the other for grain. For females, the mother plant is attached to the wall of the house and an opening is made for the entrance.
To protect against predators, the floor is covered with a chain-link with a small opening for the entrance.
Often metal or plastic barrels remain on the farm, which previously served to collect rainwater, but are leaking. They can be used to build rabbit houses.
Rabbit cages from old wooden barrels
The metal drums are securely sealed and small defects can be removed by cold welding.
- space saving
- protection from predators
- isolation from drafts.
This design is not stable enough, therefore, for it you need to build supports from metal corners. First, the first row of barrels is installed, then the second with some offset in the form of the Olympic rings.
Plank flooring is made inside the barrels. It separates the animals from the metal and forms a sump, making it easier to clean the cages. The walls are insulated with old blankets in a cold climatic zone or with cardboard in areas with a warm climate. The doors are made of fine mesh metal mesh to ensure good air exchange. They should open downwards, therefore they are hung on hinges. A feeder and a drinking bowl are attached to them.