Autumn planting of daffodils: we do it right and on time
Daffodils have an enviable unpretentiousness and very early spring flowering. A riot of colors and a variety of forms allows you to create interesting flower arrangements from them. You should take care of laying flower beds for these flowers in advance - in the fall ..
Benefits of planting daffodils in autumn
Like many bulbous crops, daffodils are most often planted in the ground in the fall. The bulbs have time to grow a good root system and form flower buds, which will allow them to survive the winter safely and release strong and strong flower stalks immediately after the arrival of heat in the spring. When daffodils are planted in spring, flowering usually does not occur, since the plant devotes all its strength to rooting and, if it blooms, it is very scarce.
Most bulbous crops are planted in the fall.
Video: features of the autumn planting of daffodils
Autumn planting technology of daffodils
Daffodils are not too capricious in their care and easily forgive small flaws in agricultural technology, but for a lush and bright flowering, several simple rules must be followed.
The most favorable for the development of the underground part of daffodils is the period when the soil temperature at a depth of about 10-15 cm for 2-3 weeks is kept within +8 ... + 10 ° C. If you rush and plant the bulbs when the ground is not yet cold enough, then premature shoots may appear, which will die from frost. With a later planting, the plant will not have time to grow a sufficient number of roots and will not overwinter well.
Daffodils are planted in the soil cooled to +8 ... + 10 ° C
Daffodil bulbs can rot in the ground if planted in too warm and constantly damp soil.
If you plant the onion too early, the sprout that appears will die from the cold.
In the cold northern regions, the planting of daffodils begins in the second half of August. In the middle lane, this can be done from the first days of September. The climate of the warm southern regions allows you to postpone the planting of flower bulbs until early or even mid-October.
Video: planting bulbs in the snow
Site selection and site preparation
For arranging a garden bed with daffodils, an open and flat area in the garden is most suitable. It is preferable to choose a place protected from harsh gusty winds and well-lit by the sun's rays. These flowers feel equally comfortable in the bright sun and in a light openwork partial shade. These flowers will not grow in swampy lowlands and areas flooded with spring melt water, as well as with a close occurrence of groundwater (less than 0.6 m).
Daffodils tolerate partial shade, so they can be planted under trees
Soil acidity indicators should be in the range of 6.5–7 pH. With excessive acidity, the soil is deoxidized with fluff or chalk.
Fertile humus permeable loams are more suitable for full-fledged development of daffodils. Heavy and wet soils, which do not allow water to pass through well, are loosened by adding sand. A clay substrate is added to the sandy soil, mixed with peat in equal parts.
A bed for daffodils must be prepared in advance
Approximately 3-4 weeks before the day of planting, the bed is dug deeply (35-40 cm) and carefully leveled with the introduction of the following components per 1 m2:
- organic matter - humus or compost (8–10 kg), wood ash (100–150 g);
Humus and ash are organic fertilizers
- mineral fertilizers - superphosphate (45-50 g) and potassium sulfate (25-30 g).
During autumn digging, fertilizers of the potassium-phosphorus group are applied to the soil under daffodils
The plot is fertilized with fresh and insufficiently rotted manure 6–12 months before daffodils are planted.
Some varieties with a brightly colored center under bright rays fade quickly, so they can be planted along the edges of tree trunks or between large spreading trees. I plant varietal daffodils under apple trees, the sun is enough for them, while the foliage has not yet fully blossomed. Small, simple flowers grow along the garden paths.
Daffodils tolerate partial shade, unlike tulips
Video: where, when and how to plant daffodils
Instructions for the autumn planting of daffodils
Planting material is pre-sorted out, carefully inspected and rejected all rotten, damaged and suspicious specimens... Then the bulbs are etched for 20-30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate or any fungicide (karbofos, Maxim, etc.).
Before planting, daffodil bulbs are etched in a solution of the drug Maxim
Video: pre-planting bulbous
Planting work is carried out in the following order:
- On the prepared bed, grooves or pits are made with a depth equal to three diameters of the planted bulbs (on average, from 10 to 25 cm).
Dig holes or grooves first
- On heavy clay soils, the heads are raised 2–3 cm higher, and on sandy soils they are buried lower.
The daffodil bulb is planted to a depth equal to three of its diameters.
- The rows are spaced at a distance of 20-25 cm, and the holes are made every 10-15 cm.
Grooves for planting daffodils are located at a distance of 20-25 cm
- A thin layer of sand (1–2 cm) is poured at the bottom, which will act as drainage.
A layer of sand is poured at the bottom of the groove for drainage
- Spread the onions with the bottom down and slightly press them into the ground.
The bulbs are laid with the bottom down in a hole and slightly pressed into the ground.
- Fall asleep with a fertile substrate.
The pits fall asleep and compact the soil a little
- Sprinkle with water in moderation.
With a sharp cold snap, planting daffodils is mulched with humus or peat.
All bulbous crops can be planted using a special device that adjusts the planting depth.
Video: how to properly plant daffodils in the fall
The timing and quality of spring flowering of daffodils completely depends on agrotechnical measures for planting bulbs in the fall. The bulbs, planted on time in a well-prepared soil mixture, wake up very early in the spring and bloom profusely.
Correct planting of the apple tree in the fall. Many years of experience of gardeners
Often novice gardeners hear that the apple tree is an unpretentious plant and that care for it should be minimal.
But experts in their field can quickly convince you otherwise: you need to take care of the apple tree all the timeso that the tree stays healthy and delights you with its delicious fruits.
And proper care begins with planting. If you make mistakes at this stage, the young tree may simply not take root in the future. Let's figure out together how to correctly plant apple trees in the fall.
How to plant junipers in the fall
When choosing the planting time, one should take into account the important feature of this ephedra to build up the root system not throughout the season, but only in early spring and in the middle of summer. In a hot and dry period, it is not recommended to transplant bushes into open ground, since the plant may not start and die. Therefore, experts advise planting junipers in autumn or early spring.
The seedlings should not be more than 3-4 years old. As practice shows, older specimens take root worse and take longer to take root in a new place. However, this is quite possible, and below is a video of planting a juniper in the fall with minimal damage to the tree.
When to plant junipers in autumn
Experienced gardeners believe that the most suitable time for planting is late autumn (late October - early November). At this time of the year, the air temperature during the day fluctuates within + 10-12 ° C, and at night it does not drop below +5 ° C, which is the optimal conditions for replanting junipers in the fall. The plant will calmly endure winter frosts, and with the onset of early spring it will begin to actively grow the root system.
Site selection and soil preparation
When choosing a permanent place, it must be remembered that the plant reacts poorly to its change, therefore it is important to plant the juniper correctly the first time in the fall. It is important that the site meets the following criteria:
- was spacious and open
- distance to neighboring trees - at least 1.5-2 m
- the place should be well lit throughout the day.
If you neglect these criteria, the juniper will quickly lose its decorative appearance, it will look stunted and sick.
In addition, it is important to pay attention to the composition of the soil, since each species needs a different soil:
- Siberian varieties prefer sandy
- Central Asian, as well as Cossack juniper require additional liming
- Virginia is recommended to be planted in clay soils.
And although most varieties thrive in universal soils, it is better to find out in the nursery when buying a seedling the recommended soil composition for the young plant being purchased.
A step-by-step guide on how to plant a juniper in the fall
The process of planting seedlings in the open ground in the fall is simple and even a novice gardener will be able to cope with the task with ease. However, you should strictly adhere to the instructions so that the plant is guaranteed to take root and feel good in a new place. Description of the step-by-step technology of planting juniper in the fall:
- Preparation of the landing pit. The diameter and depth of the hole should be 2-3 times the size of the root system (earthy clod) of the seedling. For a juniper 3-4 years old, a pit of 50x50 cm is usually enough.
- Drainage (broken tiles, crushed stone) with a height of 15-20 cm is laid on the bottom. On top of it is a layer of nutrient mixture, consisting of 1 hour of sand, 1 hour of turf and 1 hour of peat. Add 300 ml of nitroammophoska there. Further, the planting hole is left for 2-3 weeks, allowing the soil to settle naturally.
- Planting a seedling. After three weeks, you can start planting a young plant in the prepared hole. For this, the seedling is placed in the center of the planting pit and covered with soil. In this case, it is important that the root collar is flush with the upper edge of the hole, and if the bush is older than four years, it is 7-10 cm higher.
- Watering and mulching. Immediately after planting in the fall, the juniper must be watered abundantly (approximately 15 liters of water in each hole). After that, be sure to mulch the root circle with a layer of humus, sawdust or pine needles. This will ensure the preservation of moisture and protect the seedling from dehydration in a stressful situation for it.
Compliance with the algorithm for planting a juniper in open ground in the fall will help it overwinter with minimal damage.
How to properly plant honeysuckle in the fall
Autumn remains a difficult time to plant, even when it comes to cold-resistant plants. Therefore, it is especially important to choose the right place for honeysuckle in the fall and fully comply with the disembarkation procedure.
The landing dates differ for regions, but in general it can be carried out until frost
Where is it better to plant honeysuckle in autumn
The fruit shrub is considered quite unpretentious for growing, but certain requirements still need to be met:
- Honeysuckle needs sufficient sunlight to develop healthy. Therefore, it is necessary to plant shrubs in an open area of the garden, where good natural light is maintained at any time of the year.
- It should be borne in mind that the plant does not like drafts and strong gusts of wind. It is desirable that the honeysuckle grows close to natural cover, for example, near a high fence, a wall of a house, or near taller trees.
- Honeysuckle loves moisture, but does not tolerate an excess of it. Planting edible honeysuckle in autumn should be carried out in an area located at a distance from groundwater, they should lie no closer than 1.5 m to the surface of the earth.
Soils for shrubs are best suited to sandy loam or loamy, with good drainage and oxygen access. Honeysuckle prefers to grow on neutral or low-acid soil; soils with high acidity are not suitable for it.
You can plant a plant even in a lowland if you arrange good drainage in the soil.
Landing site preparation
It is necessary to prepare in advance for planting honeysuckle in autumn:
- Approximately 30 days before planting the plant in the ground, the soil in the selected area is carefully dug up and a hole is prepared with a depth of about 30 cm and a width of up to 50 cm.
- If the soil is too wet, sand, expanded clay or pebbles are added to the bottom of the pit, they will provide good drainage for the shrub. Too light soils can be supplemented with peat or loamy soil - up to 5 kg per meter. With increased acidity of the soil, you can also add 200-300 g of fluff lime or chalk to it.
- After creating a planting hole, the soil extracted from the ground is mixed with 2 buckets of compost or humus, and about 500 g of wood ash and 100 g of superphosphate are added. The mixture is poured into the pit and watered properly so that the nutrients are better distributed in the soil.
The rules for planting honeysuckle in the fall state that when planting several shrubs on a site at once, you need to leave a free space of 1.5-2 m between the holes.If you plant the bushes too close, then they will overlap each other with light when growing and fight for nutrients and moisture ...
In order for the bushes to start bearing fruit, several different varieties of shrubs with the same flowering time should be planted in close proximity to each other.
To improve the composition of the soil, the bush hole is prepared in advance.
As for the neighborhood with other fruit trees and bushes, honeysuckle gets along best with cherries, plums, apples and pears. But it is better not to plant a shrub next to the apricot - the roots of the apricot tree are too powerful, they will inevitably take away nutrients and moisture from the honeysuckle.
How to plant honeysuckle in autumn with seedlings
For the successful planting of honeysuckle in the fall, first of all, you need to choose high-quality planting material. When choosing a seedling, you need to pay attention to several criteria:
- age - in the nursery, you should take a plant no older than 2-3 years
- appearance - a good seedling should have a strong trunk and several young side shoots
- healthy buds and leaf plates - you only need to buy a plant with green, clean, fresh leaves and strong buds.
When buying a seedling, it is advisable to evaluate how strong and healthy its roots are. That is why it is recommended to purchase plants with an open root system, in this case it is easier for the gardener to understand the state of the seedling.
The algorithm itself for planting honeysuckle on the site in the fall is very simple. In the video of planting edible honeysuckle in the fall, on the chosen day, it is suggested to soak the roots of the plant in water for a couple of hours so that they can absorb moisture. Taking into account the peculiarities of autumn planting, a growth stimulator can be added to the water, this will further speed up the rooting process.
Immediately before planting the seedling in the fall, a small depression is made in the center of the prepared hole. After that, the seedling is carefully lowered into the soil, making sure that its roots lie evenly, do not break or twist. The hole is covered with the remnants of the prepared nutrient soil flush with the ground, lightly tamping the soil so that it does not fall through after the first watering. Immediately after planting, a small earthen roller is made along the edges of the hole and the seedling is abundantly watered with a bucket of water, the roller will not allow moisture to spread.
Immediately after planting, the seedling is properly watered
Then the wet soil is mulched with sawdust, straw or peat - the thickness of the layer should be about 7 cm. The mulching layer will prevent the evaporation of moisture from the soil and will also insulate the plant's root system in autumn.
Step-by-step planting instructions
In order for the plant to overwinter painlessly, you need to responsibly approach the planting process, which consists of several stages.
Well and soil preparation
To get started, carefully prepare a place for planting a honeysuckle cutting:
- Dig the planting holes in 7-10 days. Clear the area of weeds and debris.
- For each seedling, prepare a hole 40 cm deep and about half a meter wide. The distance between them should be at least 2 m, and between the rows - 2.5–3 m.
- Lay the top fertile soil layer separately, and put 10-15 cm of drainage on the bottom of the hole.
- Mix the removed upper part of the soil with humus (10 kg), superphosphate (150 g) and potassium salt (150 g). Fill the hole with the resulting mixture by 2/3 of the volume, and place a little black soil on top.
Planting guide with photo and diagram
After the preparation of the site has been carried out, and the soil has settled, you can start planting:
- Place the stalk in the hole. In this case, the following should be taken into account: on fertile and light soils, the root collar of the seedling can be deepened by 5 cm. But this cannot be done on heavy types.
- After planting the plant, spread its roots, bury and compact the soil.
- Water the plant. Keep in mind that the minimum required is a bucket of water per bush.
- Mulch with peat or sawdust.
Features of growing daffodils in a pot
The width of the container for domestic daffodils should vary from 10 to 14 cm, while the height should be about 15 cm. The best option is ceramic or clay pots. 2-4 bulbs are planted in such a container, depending on their size and varietal accessory.
Several through holes are made at the bottom of the pot. They are required so that excess moisture can flow out through them instead of stagnating in the container, causing putrefactive processes.
Planting date largely depends on the varietal characteristics of the plants. However, planting in early September allows daffodils to begin blooming by winter. If the bulbs are planted in late November - early December, then the flowering plants will be obtained by March 8th.
The bottom of the container is covered with small pebbles, pebbles and other drainage material with a layer three fingers high. The rest of the pot is filled with a special soil mixture. The bulbs are planted, slightly burying them in the ground. Their tops should stick out slightly above the edges of the pot.
Moderate watering is carried out immediately after planting. Containers for early rooting are moved to a darkened room, the temperature in which varies between + 3 ... + 8 ° C, and left there for three months, after which they are returned back. During this period, the plantings should be ventilated, but without drafts. Further grooming is typical for all daffodils.
Knowing how to grow daffodils makes it easy to get good plantings. For a long period of time, they will delight gardeners and florists with colorful flowers.