How to grow Chinese cabbage
Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis) deserves attention
Chinese cabbage - this is one type of Chinese cabbage... Often in the price tags it is called so - Chinese cabbage. Peking cabbage adorns the shelves of our stores throughout the year and differs, alas, by far from a modest price. Why is she so expensive? The answer, apparently, lies in the fact that this cabbage is imported. But it is quite possible to grow it in our country.
Our agricultural enterprises grow cabbage white cabbage, redhead, recently even savoy cabbage appeared on sale. They can be found quite freely in vegetable departments and at a very affordable price. As practice has shown, it is not so difficult to grow Peking cabbage.
For more than ten years, I have planted white cabbage of different ripening periods in my beds, trying, of course, to choose varieties that are resistant to keel. During this time, I was convinced that a high yield of cabbage can only be obtained with good care. And then it is quite possible for the whole winter to provide the family with fresh cabbage, salad, pickled and even the so-called green leaf crumb.
Having decided to take a break from growing white cabbage, since it is now in abundance in the distribution network, I began to think: what can replace it in my beds? I chose Chinese cabbage. I got the seeds of this cabbage in the store, though not really understanding this, but rather according to the principle: what they sold, I took it. I grew Chinese cabbage seedlings in a greenhouse and planted them in May on a garden bed well seasoned with humus.
The cabbage was growing very vigorously and looked quite prosperous. But in June, suddenly, somehow sharply threw out the peduncles, and then bloomed yellow, like all other cruciferous crops bloom. Of course, I was completely disappointed, as I realized that I would not have Peking cabbage this season. The next year I bought another variety of Peking cabbage. The result is exactly the same. I could only use cabbage leaves for Korean fermentation. After that, the understanding came that here, too, everything should be done not from scratch, but by getting ready, buying seeds of the right varieties.
Earlier, in the 80s, it was believed that the seeds of Chinese cabbage, like seeds lettuce, you need to sow in open ground, but not in early spring, but in the first half of July. Then in horticultural publications they wrote that this is a culture of a short growing season and a shortened day.
To grow such cabbage, you should choose a sunny place protected from the wind. Peking cabbage has a weak root system, therefore it needs fertile soil rich in organic matter. This cabbage is sown in rows with a distance of 40 cm between them; 4-5 seeds are usually placed in nests located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving the strongest plants in the nest. The cultivation of this cabbage through seedlings has not been practiced before, since after planting it in open ground, the plants mainly throw out flowering shoots, which I observed in my beds for the first two years of growing this cabbage.
It was believed that Peking cabbage should be cultivated as a re-crop after other vegetable crops, except cabbage, in the first year after the application of manure. For example, it is more susceptible than white cabbage attack by pests and disease. And due to the rather short growing season, Peking cabbage needs rather intensive fertilization, as well as cauliflowercultivated for harvesting in the fall. Only top dressing does not need to be done in September, since abundant nutrition at this time can adversely affect the setting of a head of cabbage.
When growing Peking cabbage in the open field, its head is suitable for use already on the 40-50th day, but its final formation occurs approximately on the 50-60th day. Everyone who grew Peking cabbage could have noticed that its heads of cabbage are loose, elongated, up to 40 cm high, in appearance they rather resemble heads of cabbage, rather than cabbage heads. Her leaves are tender, fragile and very tasty. This cabbage contains proteins, sugars, mineral salts and vitamins, mainly vitamin C.
When I studied all this information, I did not change my intention to grow Peking cabbage, but still did not want to give up the seedling method of growing, and precisely in the early stages. Sowing cabbage after harvesting the previous crop did not suit me for one reason - I would not be able to harvest the grown crop, since I am leaving the site in September. Therefore, in seed shops, I began to ask for seeds of such varieties that are resistant to stemming and flowering. As a result, I bought a variety of Peking cabbage Bokal and hybrids Kudesnitsa F1 and Nika F1.
When I studied the instructions on the seed bags, I was convinced that breeding has made a big step forward in recent years: scientists have created varieties and hybrids of Peking cabbage that can give two harvests in one season, including when grown by seedlings. Just do not be late with planting seedlings in open ground in order to avoid flowering. This was also typical for the seeds of the Bokal variety and the Nika F1 hybrid I purchased. The Kudesnitsa F1 hybrid is recommended for growing in one run - in the first half of summer. This is exactly what I did, using the usual seedling method.
I sowed cabbage seeds on May 1 in a film greenhouse in one line, and planted the grown seedlings in a bed filled with humus on May 15. In previous years, I used it to grow potatoes on the grass (about this method I told the readers of the magazine - see "Flora Price" No. 7 (138) 2011).
After that, the land, where it used to run wild, was now crumbly and free of weeds. Having planted the seedlings in moist soil according to the usual scheme, which I mentioned above, I immediately covered the plantings with a thin spunbond to protect the seedlings from invasion cruciferous flea... It should be noted that the shelter is really very effective. It reliably protected almost all of my plants from pests, but the leaves of several uncovered bushes after three days turned into a solid sieve.
Of course, it was possible to use chemical methods of dealing with flea beetles, for example, spray the seedlings immediately after planting with a 0.3% solution of karbofos or the Iskra preparation, as well as sprinkle the root collar of plants wood ash or crushed charcoal, but I wanted to grow organic vegetables. Therefore, my Chinese cabbage was under cover for almost the entire period of development until the beginning of the formation of the head of cabbage, and this happened only at the beginning of August.
Moreover, the cabbage had enough food and moisture for the whole season, however, the rain helped here too. It should be noted that the two bushes of Peking cabbage that remained in the greenhouse after transplanting all the seedlings to the beds in open ground, where they did not have enough space, were not attacked by fleas and looked very impressive, but they were in no hurry to tie a head of cabbage. As a result, only their leaves had to be used. Apparently, the delay in the formation of the head of cabbage was caused by the higher temperature in the greenhouse.
Actually, I did not wait for the formation of heads of cabbage in the Peking cabbage plants growing in the garden. And she prepared her favorite dishes simply from the rapidly growing succulent leaves, which in this hybrid turned out to be slightly prickly when fresh and completely thornless after heat treatment.
In the leaf phase, I slightly boiled Peking in salted water and used it as a side dish, or after boiling, I put the cabbage in a pan and poured it with an egg and lightly sprinkled with grated cheese. I want to say that it was very tasty, in my opinion, it is just a delicacy dish.
I enjoyed this food throughout the summer season, and in the fall I used the formed heads of Peking cabbage for salads with tomatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers and green onions (the batun onion gives a feather all season), seasoning the dish with vegetable oil, sour cream or mayonnaise. It was also very tasty. When I cooked borscht, I also used Chinese cabbage as a dressing instead of white cabbage.
It is known that Peking cabbage heads are well stored in the refrigerator in plastic bags for up to three months or more. I can confirm this, because even now I still have a part of the crop I have grown there - juicy, tender heads of cabbage, which I gradually use for food. I want to tell the readers that Peking cabbage is quite worthy and can usefully take up space in your beds. You just have to make up your mind.
Lyudmila Rybkina, gardener,
member of the Green Gift club, Shuvalovo-Ozerki
Photo by the author
How to grow Chinese cabbage?
Tell me, what is the best way to grow Peking cabbage - seedlings or seeds? They say that the seedlings are very capricious .. If you plant seeds, do they need to be soaked beforehand?
It depends on when you need the crop. If planted with seedlings, then the greens can be removed in early summer. If you are more interested in Peking cabbage swings at the end of summer, then seeds in the soil. And I do not consider it necessary to soak the seeds: they germinate so well.
I always grow Chinese cabbage only with seeds, why soak them? Just into the soil, soil, fertilize and that's it)
I always grow Chinese cabbage only with seeds, why soak them? Just into the soil, soil, fertilize and that's it)
as usual in the garden. you can buy here http://usadba-market.ru/semena/kapusta/kapusta_pekinskaya_vorozheya_0_3g/
We plant with seeds and do not soak, the only thing is if the ground is cold, and in time it is time to sow, then we water it with abundant warm water before planting in order to warm it up, then we apply fertilizer and that's it, we collect a pretty good harvest!
My start is always successful - with seeds and seedlings, but then, when the heads of cabbage begin to set, a midge attacks the cabbage and it is impossible to save the harvest, now I buy this cabbage only in the store.
I have the same story, the germination is excellent, and the growth is the same right away, and then the pests clog the plant and, as a result, there is no harvest. Therefore, I do not grow Peking cabbage. Surprisingly, the white cabbage grows well.
Peking cabbage can and should be planted with seeds. In general, except for bell peppers and tomatoes, there is no point in planting the rest of the seedlings. Caring for such a variety of cabbage is usual, the main thing is to fight pests.
Features of growing Chinese cabbage
Peking cabbage, in addition to the advantages described above, has many other things: it is very early ripening, it takes from 45 (early varieties), 60 (mid-season varieties), to 80 (late varieties) days to harvest Peking cabbage.
Peking cabbage also has its own problems: in addition to the enemies, which we will definitely talk about below, it is a tendency to form arrows with flowers, which then give seeds. Even when sowing seeds (not seedlings), cabbage can throw out the arrow and bloom naturally, there can be no question of any exquisite taste or presentation in this case.
How to Avoid Peking Cabbage Shooting?
In order for Chinese cabbage to forget about flowering, you should plant seedlings or sow the seeds of this plant at a certain, most appropriate time. Usually Peking cabbage "leaves" in the arrow when the daylight hours are very long, therefore, it is necessary to sow seeds and plant seedlings when the daylight hours are short - this is the very middle of spring, that is, April or mid-summer, closer to the beginning of August.
It seems that the daylight hours during this period are quite long, but believe me, these are the optimal periods for cabbage, and it will not throw out arrows.
How to grow Chinese cabbage
Published by zagorod1.ru in 04/26/2016 04/26/2016
How to grow Peking cabbage (Peking). How to grow Chinese cabbage.
Peking cabbage and Chinese cabbage are vegetables of longevity, they contain lysine - an amino acid that helps to rejuvenate the body. Peking and Chinese cabbage surpasses our white cabbage in their beneficial properties. Therefore, be sure to plant Peking cabbage or Chinese cabbage in your suburban area.
Peking cabbage has very tender, whole, sessile leaves with a wrinkled swollen leaf blade, 15-35 cm high. Depending on the variety, Peking cabbage forms a rosette or head of cabbage of various shapes and densities. Chinese cabbage forms a rosette of upright leaves up to 30 cm and does not form a head of cabbage. Chinese cabbage also differs from Peking cabbage in the color of its leaves and petioles. But in cultivation, these two types of cabbage are very similar.
Cultivation of Peking and Chinese cabbage.
These crops can be grown without seedlings or through seedlings.
- Seedless growing method
The seeds of these crops are sown in open ground from the end of April to 15 June (intervals of 10-15 days between crops) and from 20 July to 10 August. The soil is sprinkled with ash until shoots appear, this will protect against cruciferous flea beetles. The first shoots appear in about 3-10 days, depending on the temperature. The crops are covered with foil, especially if it is still cool outside. Young seedlings do not like frost, unlike adult plants. As it grows up, the cabbage is thinned out, not allowing it to close together.
- Seedling method of growing
Peking cabbage and Chinese cabbage do not like transplanting and do not tolerate root damage. They cannot be grown using a pick. Seedlings must be grown in peat pots or tablets and then transplanted into the ground with them. Depending on the type of soil (protected or open), seedlings are sown from late January to early February or from late March to April. the seedling method allows you to get an earlier harvest of these crops.
Seedlings are ready for planting at the age of 25-30 days with 4-5 true leaves.
- The best predecessors for them are potatoes, cucumbers, onions, legumes, carrots.
- It is better to sow leafy varieties in spring, and head-forming varieties in summer.
- Both crops are very demanding on the soil, for seedlings it must be fertile and very loose. It is preferable to grow the plants themselves on light, well-drained, organic-rich soils with a neutral environment.
- The ripening period (from germination to maturity) of early varieties is 40-55 days, medium - 55-60, late - 60-80. The crop is early ripening and allows several harvests per season.
- The optimum temperature for growing Peking (or Chinese) cabbage is 15-22 ° C. With a long daylight hours and a cool temperature (below 13 ° C), cabbage begins to bloom or releases arrows, so it is necessary to sow with a short daylight or artificially shorten the daylight hours, observe the temperature regime, thin out crops.
- Peking cabbage or Chinese cabbage should be grown in a well-lit area.
- To save space on the site, leafy varieties can be grown as a sealant in a cucumber garden. In July, seeds are sown in open ground to a depth of 2-3 cm according to the scheme: 3-5 cm * 10-20 cm for collard greens and 20-25 cm * 35-50 cm for cabbage and half cabbage.
Peking and Chinese cabbage care.
Both crops are cold-resistant, light- and moisture-loving. It is necessary to water regularly, loosen not deeply and remove weeds. Sprinkling works well to freshen up the plants. But excess moisture is undesirable, as the cabbage can start to rot.
To reduce the time spent on caring for plants, use mulching.
Top dressing is carried out with a solution of urea (30 grams per 10 liters of water) or mullein (1: 8).
To protect against pests, sprinkle the bed with ash (300 gr.), Mixed with 2 tbsp. lies. ground pepper and 1 tbsp. lies. mustard powder.
Storing Chinese cabbage.
Collard greens are cut when they have formed 10-12 leaves. For storage, the vegetable is removed in cloudy cool weather. Choose dense heads of cabbage with covering leaves.
Leafy varieties are harvested along with the roots, which it is advisable to dig into wet sand. The optimum storage temperature for Peking cabbage is 0 ... -2 0 C. If you leave a growing point when cutting off Peking cabbage, the leaves will grow back.
You have learned how to grow Chinese cabbage and Chinese cabbage. Try it and you will definitely succeed. Good luck!
How to grow Chinese cabbage seedlings
Like any cabbage, Peking cabbage is a long day plant. For flowering and fruiting, it needs more than 13 hours of daylight hours. With a short daylight hours (less than 12 hours), an arrow with seeds is not formed, but leaves grow and heads of cabbage are tied.
If you grow cabbage not for the sake of seeds, you need a low temperature of +16. + 20 ° С and short daylight hours. How to grow Chinese cabbage - it is sown either in early spring for seedlings, or in the second half of summer.
Peking cabbage easily tolerates a cold snap down to –4 ° С in the stage of heading formation, but there is a high likelihood of shooting. In general, the plant gives an arrow in case of any deterioration in weather conditions - a sudden heat or a sharp cold snap.
Peking cabbage care
Peking cabbage cultivation technology includes timely watering and feeding with mineral and organic fertilizers.
Peking cabbage is poured with warm water... In dry weather - once every 3-4 days, in rainy weather - once every seven days. With heavy precipitation, the vegetable does not need additional moisture.
Required are guided by soil moisture, since more than 65% can lead to rot damage to the root of the vegetable.
Important! Peking cabbage is watered only at the root, since the water that gets on the leaves causes them to burn.
For a good harvest, the plant fed several times per season... The first time fertilization is applied 14 days after planting in a permanent place. To do this, use one of the following solutions:
- mullein infusion (1 kg per 10 l of water)
- poultry droppings (500 g per 10 l of water)
- nitroammofosk (1 tsp per 10 liters of liquid).
Organic fertilizers are applied 1 liter under each bush, mineral - 10 liters per 1 sq. m.
The second and third feeding is applied at equal time intervals.making up 14 days. The following means are used for this:
- wood ash (200 g per 10 l)
- boric acid solution (2 g per 10 l).
Early varieties planted in well-fertilized soil, do not need additional feeding.
Is it possible to dive Chinese cabbage
Seedlings of this plant do not tolerate transplanting well., therefore, the seeds are sown in separate pots or in peat tablets. Seedlings grown in a common box do not take root well during transplantation and may die.
Planting seedlings in separate containers is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- wait for 2-3 true leaves
- spill the soil thoroughly in the box and transplant containers
- using a spatula, carefully remove the seedling
- place it in a separate container, burying it in the soil to the cotyledon leaves
- compact the soil around the plant
- put on a windowsill, protected from direct sunlight.
Only healthy, strong seedlings are transplanted.