Groundcover Review: 20 Spectacular Options for Your Garden
Among the variety of plants, ground cover ones stand out. What are they good for and what varieties are there?
Why do you need ground cover plants
Gardeners use ground covers primarily in landscape design, for example, as a backdrop for large-flowered plants. Also, with their help, you can mask the unused space of the site - an unsightly place near the fence will be transformed if you plant flowers there. However, ground cover plants also have practical benefits:
- they replace weeds that quickly take up unused land;
- are "living mulch" - they protect the soil from overheating, wind erosion, washing out of nutrients;
- like other plants, they produce oxygen;
- mostly unpretentious.
Ground cover plants are often used in the design of alpine slides.
Video: ground cover plants in landscape design
Types of ground cover plants
There are many varieties of ground cover. You can choose those that best suit the conditions of the site, its design, as well as the personal needs of the gardener. All flowers in question are perennials, unless otherwise indicated in the description.
On the northern side of the site, in the shade of trees, a house or a fence, shade-tolerant or shade-loving plants will feel good:
- Saxifrage. Depending on the species, the height of the plant is from 5 to 70 cm. Star-shaped flowers are of different colors - red, white, pink, purple, yellow. Most saxifrage prefer shady places, but some species can also be planted in the sun.
- Monet loam (meadow). Loves shade and high humidity. It grows in length, not upward; the stems reach 30 cm. Single yellow flowers are located in the leaf axils. The plant develops a continuous cover over time.
- Tenaciousness (Dubrovka, Ayuga). Plant height - up to 40 cm. Flowers, depending on the species, are blue, blue, purple or yellow. In order for the tenacious to form a dense green carpet, it is advisable to cut off the resulting rosettes of flowers.
- Sugar lungwort. Reaches 30 cm in height. Good honey plant. During flowering, the flowers change color from red to purple, the leaves are decorative throughout the season. To stimulate vegetation, foliage is mowed.
- Brunner. The plant is about 50 cm tall. Loves shading and dampness. Differs in large, very decorative leaves and blue flowers that look like forget-me-nots. Interestingly, the plant can be used as a remedy for mice on the site - they eat roots that contain substances poisonous to rodents.
Photo gallery: shade-tolerant ground covers
In open, sunny places, it is best to plant plants that need direct light. These include:
- Grayish blue (gray) carnation. Reaches 25 cm in height. Flowers are fragrant, can be white, red, pink. Due to the bluish-gray leaves, it does not lose its decorative effect even after flowering.
- Arabis (rezuha). There are annual and perennial species. In height, as a rule, does not exceed 30 cm, and in length the shoots reach 50 cm.The flowers are pink, white, cream, lilac. A melliferous plant with a fragrant aroma.
- Creeping thyme (thyme). The plant is 5–10 cm tall. Other types of thyme are not suitable as ground covers. It only grows in the sun. Flowers of pink-lilac shades. Expanding, it forms dense rugs of fragrant leaves. The plant is used in cooking and folk medicine.
- Subulate bryozoan (Irish moss). Forms a dense, non-creasing carpet, thanks to which the bryozoan can be used to create a lawn that does not require a mowing. Flowers are small, white.
- Yaskolka. Most often, felt or Bieberstein chicks are used as a ground cover. The stems of the plant are creeping, 20–30 cm high. The leaves are gray or silvery, the flowers are white.
Photo gallery: sun-loving ground cover
Blooming all summer
If you want to have a flowering carpet in the garden all summer long, you need to choose certain plants, such as:
- Alissum (lobularia). It happens one-year and long-term. In height it reaches from 15 to 40 cm. Flowers - honey plants, smell sweet, have white, pink, purple, red, lilac or yellow color. To stimulate further flowering, faded inflorescences are removed.
- Lobelia. One or perennial plant with curly or straight shoots. But as a ground cover, usually one-year lobelia erinus is grown, with a height of 10 to 40 cm. Depending on the variety, the flowers are red, blue, white, purple or pink in color.
- Subulate phlox. Low - up to 15 cm - a plant with pink, lilac, blue or white flowers. During the flowering period, it actually forms a carpet of flowers.
- Sedum (sedum, rejuvenated). Varieties are more often used as a poopokrovnik: caustic (up to 15 cm tall, with yellow flowers), false (about 20 cm tall, with pink-red flowers), Kamchatka (15–20 cm tall, with yellow flowers).
- Herbal carnation. Some of its varieties bloom all summer, for example, Microchip with raspberry flowers. Varieties with a height of 20-25 cm are usually grown as ground covers.
Annuals are often actually perennials; they simply cannot survive our winter. If you do not want to grow new seedlings every year, there is a way out - dig out the bushes and plant them in pots. Flowers will be able to overwinter indoors.
Photo gallery: long-flowering ground cover
In order for the site to have an elegant look all year round, evergreen ground cover plants can be planted that do not shed their foliage for the winter:
- Apical pachisandra. A semi-shrub 15–30 cm high. Creeping shoots grow slowly, but after several years they form a green carpet. Some varieties do well in the shade of other trees.
- Periwinkle. The plant is up to 35 cm high. Evergreen varieties are small and large periwinkles, however, their young shoots can freeze in winter. Flowers are single, blue, but bred forms with white, red and variegated flowers.
- Cotoneaster. Some types of plants can be used to create a dense cover - for example, creeping cotoneaster (Dammera) or horizontal, about 50 cm high. Red fruits, which do not fall before winter, add even more decorative effect to the shrub. In severe frosts, the plant still needs shelter.
- Juniper. Coniferous shrub, undersized species of which do not exceed 50-100 cm in height - horizontal, recumbent, Siberian, Cossack - are used as ground cover.
- Aubrieta. Height is from 10 to 20 cm. Grows rapidly, forming a carpet of evergreen leaves. The plant blooms with blue, purple, purple or white flowers twice - in early summer and in September.
Photo gallery: evergreen ground cover
Video: ground cover plants cover the ground well
Ground cover plants will help make your garden beautiful and unique. The main thing is to choose the right one for each of its corners.
Tall perennial flowers
Of the whole variety of garden plants, the most numerous group can be distinguished, which is made up of decorative herbaceous, that is, flowers.
Perennial plants are present in the flower assortment of any garden. Unlike annuals, once they appear in a flower bed, they decorate the site from year to year. And not only decorate.
Tall perennials often serve as a screen dividing areas, a decorative element that covers unadorned places - sheds, fences, untreated corners.
Perennial plants are less whimsical than annuals, so they are planted in hard-to-reach places.
10 plants for dry areas
Lack of water in the country is not a reason to abandon the arrangement of flower beds and flower beds, but many garden plants (especially pampered species) simply will not survive without regular watering. Therefore, the owners of such sites must rely on drought-resistant species, forms that naturally grow in similar conditions, content only with what the sky sends.
An area with a lack of watering can be attractive, photo by the author
Armeria Primorskaya has adapted to live and develop normally in conditions of water shortage, photo of the author
Some of them develop a powerful root system that extracts life-giving moisture from the deep layers of the soil. Others, with the help of various morphological changes (by increasing the protective layer of the cuticle on the leaves, dressing them in dense pubescence, modifying them to thorns and scales), adapted to use water sparingly, storing it for a rainy day in parts of the body. And ephemera, ephemeroids generally shortened their life cycle, having time to complete it before the onset of the dry period.
Areas with water scarcity are especially attractive in spring, photo by the author
Gray fescue is good in arid places,photo of the author
And there are many such plants:
- decorative bows
- rosemary and others.
And again, we have selected the top ten popular leaders of herbaceous perennial plants, dwarf shrubs, including their decorative varieties.
Antennaria dioica (Antennaria dioica), or cat's paw, is a semi-evergreen creeping gray-green perennial 5 cm high and 45 cm wide.
Antennaria is dioecious. Photo from the site pflanzenbestimmung.info
The flowers are small, from white to light pink, bloom in pubescent shields in the middle of summer.
- `Nyewoods` -20 cm wide, dark pink flowers
- 'Rosea' - pink flowers.
Antennary dioecious 'Nyewoods'. Photo from the site ru.pinterest.com. Antennaria dioecious 'Rosea'. Photo from the site vestnik-cvetovoda.ru
Beautiful dense curtains of a cat's paw will look spectacular in rockeries and in a drought-resistant mixborder. It is good to occasionally loosen the soil, and after rains - to mulch. Propagated by division in spring or early summer.
In summer, rockeries in dry areas of the cottage are decorated with bright inflorescences of armeria on low peduncles.
Armeria seaside, photo of the author
Armeria maritime is a herbaceous perennial, up to 20 cm high, up to 30 cm wide, forms spectacular cushions. Globular inflorescences collected from pink, white, red flowers bloom in May-June.
- 'Bloodstone' - dark red flowers
- `Vindictive` -15 cm high, pink flowers.
Armeria seaside 'Bloodstone'. Photo from the site ru.pinterest.com. Armeria seaside 'Vindictive'. Photo site timothypinder.homestead.com
In central Russia, it may suffer in cold, snowless winters. Propagated by seeds, cuttings.
You can choose seeds and seedlings of armeria in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Select the planting material for armeria.
In nature, its flowering is so impressive that the desire to see this unusual beauty in your country house is understandable.
Yellow asphodeline blooms, photo of the author
What else to see on the site about asphodeline:
- The source of love and inspiration - Crimea
A discreet background plant: its silvery color pleases throughout the growing season, and the tart aroma intensifies on a hot summer day.
Immortelle Italian, photo of the author
Italian immortelle (Helichrysum italicum) is an evergreen subshrub up to 60 cm high and up to 1 m wide. It blooms in summer with yellow small baskets collected in shields.
Italian immortelle - flowering, photo by the author
Winter-hardy, but in the first year of planting, it is better to cover it with dry leaves, spruce branches. Propagated by cuttings in October-November.
What else to see on the website about the Italian immortelle:
- Italian in Crimea
St. John's wort
Luxurious during the flowering period, abundantly scattering the "gold" of its flowers.
St. John's wort photo of the author
St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum), or calyx - an evergreen subshrub up to 60 cm high.The only drawback is insufficient winter hardiness, so I cannot recommend it for central Russia, but the plant is so beautiful and drought-resistant that I decided to include it in this article.
On our site he finds more and more admirers.
Iberis evergreen, photo of the author
Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens) is a shrub with small leaves that remain in winter, up to 30 cm high, 40 cm wide. Small white flowers, collected in small dense apical brushes, bloom from April.
Decorative varieties are difficult to distinguish from each other, the visual difference lies in the compactness of the bushes:
Iberis evergreen 'Snowflake'. Photo of the site 123rf.com. Iberis evergreen 'Weisser Zwerg'. Photo from google.ru
In central Russia, it requires winter shelter.
Decorative varieties are difficult to distinguish from each other, the visual difference lies in the compactness of the bushes:
Choose varieties of Iberis with different colors of flowers in our catalog, which contains offers from large online stores of seeds and planting material. Select Iberis seeds.
How can you do without it in dry areas?
Kentrantus red, photo of the author
Kentranthus ruber, or centranthus red, is a beautiful herbaceous perennial 60-70 cm high, 1 m wide. The flowers are pink, red, white, bloom from May to September. In addition to the southern regions, you can try to grow it in protected areas of summer cottages with dry shelter. It reproduces easily by self-seeding.
Large-flowered winged borer
Large-flowered winged bush (Aethionema grandiflorum), or ethionema, is a semi-evergreen dwarf shrub 20-30 cm high and wide.
Large-flowered winged worm (with white flowers), photo by the author
The flowers are white, light pink, fragrant, collected in small inflorescences, they bloom in April or May after flowering are cut off. Prefers calcareous soils. In central Russia, it is grown as an annual. Propagated by seeds.
When you see the mesmerizing flowering of lavender in the highlands of Crimea, it becomes obvious: here it is - an ideal plant for dry areas.
Narrow-leaved lavender blooms, photo of the author
Parameters of narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): height up to 1 m, width - up to 1.2 m.
- `Hidcote` -up to 60 cm, width - 75 cm, dark purple flowers
- 'Jean Davis' - light lilac flowers
Narrow-leaved lavender 'Hidcote'. Photo courtesy of windyridgegardencentre.ie. Narrow-leaved lavender 'Jean Davis'. Photo from loghouseplants.com
- `Loddon Pink` -compact, up to 45 cm in height, width - 60 cm, light pink flowers
- `Munstead` -45 cm high, 60 cm wide, bluish-purple flowers
Narrow-leaved lavender 'Loddon Pink'. Photo from potterandrest.co.uk. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Munstead'. Photo from the site highcountrygardens.com
- 'Nana Alba' -30 cm high and 30 cm wide, white flowers
- `Twickel Purple` -60 cm high, -1 m wide, bright purple flowers.
Narrow-leaved lavender 'Nana Alba'. Photo from growsonyou.com. Lavender narrow-leaved 'Twickel Purple'. Photo site burncoose.co.uk
It is good to loosen the soil around more demanding varieties, and mulch after rains.
You can choose seeds of various varieties of lavender in our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores. Choose lavender seeds.
The most unpretentious flowers
Among flowering perennials, there are plants that can rightfully be called the most unpretentious flowers. Many of them bloom, of course, not as effectively as, for example, roses or dahlias, but they do not require, in general, any care, if only in advance to assign them a place appropriate to their nature. In a suitable location, many of these plants will bloom for decades, so it is advisable to carefully plan their planting in advance.
It is a rhizome plant native to Siberia, where it is also used for medicinal purposes, as it contains tannin. It can grow well on any soil and in any light. Badan grows well under trees. In the southern regions, it is desirable to create a light partial shade for him. The leaves are preserved in winter under the snow and in the fall acquire a beautiful pinkish color, the plant blooms in late spring - early summer.
This plant is native to the Caucasus. The bush is in the form of thickets and grows well in width. Flowers that look like forget-me-nots appear in early spring. Rhizomes scare away field mice.
Most often, mountain cornflower is grown in gardens. The bush is quite dense, up to 40 cm high. The color of the flowers of the plant can be white, pink, blue and purple. It usually blooms in June-July.
The most popular species is the water-collecting basil. This plant grows to a height of 150 cm. The leaves really resemble an aquilegia or catchment, flowers appear in May-June.
There are many varieties of geraniums, the most common is garden geranium - an unpretentious plant blooming all summer with small lilac flowers.
Herbaceous perennial belongs to the Rosaceae family. Plants reach a height of 60 cm, flowers of bright shades - yellow, red, orange. The photo shows a Chilean gravilat, terry. Blooms in late spring - early summer.
A tall plant whose rhizomes are used for medicinal purposes. May look good in the background of a flower bed or as a separate group. It blooms throughout the summer, is able to easily reproduce by self-seeding, so it must be limited in the development of space. The plant is best suited for large areas.
The real botanical name of this flower is solidago. The plant is large in size, can reach a height of up to two meters, suitable only for large areas where growth restrictions are not required, since it tends to grow strongly. Blooms in summer.
A perennial plant with a fairly strong aroma. According to the name, attractive to cats, but only when it is damaged or cut off.
Flowers bloom in the second half of June.
A very cute and completely undemanding plant for partial shade, it can grow in shady places. It blooms in May-June and is often used for bouquets and flower arrangements.
Another name for this plant is meadowsweet. For this plant, you need to pick the wettest place on the site. The rest of the meadowsweet is completely unpretentious. Differs in medicinal properties.
The succulent, fleshy leaves of this plant look very attractive. In spring, the apical leaves turn yellow, while the flowers themselves are small and inconspicuous.
A very unpretentious plant found everywhere in nature. For gardening, attractive forms with cherry, orange and red flowers have been specially bred. The growth of the yarrow will have to be limited, since the plant is prone to overgrowth and may soon occupy the entire area.
There are many charming varieties of this plant in nature. The photo below shows the horned violet, which, in addition to its attractive appearance, has valuable medicinal properties.
There are enough types of ground cover perennial crops so that every gardener can find a variety that suits his goals and preferences.
The most beautiful unpretentious species (alphabetical index):
- Clove herb. It has small but bright flowers. It takes root quickly, so it is suitable not only for decorating rock gardens, lawns, paths, but also for creating garden sculptures. The culture is frost-resistant, prefers dry sandy soils. It is better to plant it in sunny areas, since it may not bloom in the shade.
- Duchenei is Indian. In appearance it is very similar to strawberries, but its berries are inedible. Ducheney, like the nodular-flowered phila, grows very quickly and widely, therefore, these creeping plants are advised to be planted in hard-to-reach areas of the garden, as well as used to decorate lawns and tree trunks.
- Creeping tenacious. It has beautiful oval cherry-colored leaves, long rooting shoots, small spike-shaped blue inflorescences. Flowering occurs in June-July. Suitable for lawns, paths. You can also plant it in flowerpots or flower beds, but in this case you need to control its growth.
- Saxifrage. The overgrown clumps of saxifrage look like light green terry pillows that cover the area with a solid carpet. In spring, the plant blooms, releasing thin peduncles with white or pink small buds. The plant is used to decorate alpine slides, terraces, rock gardens. It can grow in any soil, the only condition is that there is no stagnation of water.
- It was rejuvenated. Has a second name "stone rose". Its rosettes really resemble rosebuds in shape. The plant looks great in rockeries, alpine slides, monoclumba. It is better to plant the young in groups, since individually they look less decorative. Stone roses prefer sunny areas with dry, poor soil.
- Moss. The use of moss in landscape design is a fashionable trend today. It is used to create unusual garden compositions, combining it with ferns and miniature conifers. The main conditions for growing mosses are the absence of direct sunlight and the presence of moist soil.
- Aubrietta and sedum (sedum) are caustic. They belong to the smallest varieties. Plant height no more than 3 cm. Aubrietta creates a dense rug of small leaves and buds of blue, blue, pink, crimson or white. Varieties with blue and blue flowers are often used to decorate decorative dry ponds. The sedum also blooms very profusely, completely covering the ground in early summer with yellow flowers. The rest of the time, the plant looks like a green fringe. The sedum is suitable for small compositions.
- Creeping thyme. It is a miniature shrub with small leaves and pink-purple buds. It belongs to spicy herbs, has a pleasant aroma. Most often it is placed in decorative beds and compositions with conifers.
- Phlox subulate evergreen. Perhaps the brightest ground cover flowers are evergreen subulate phlox. This plant forms continuous evergreen carpets. Flowering occurs 2 times per season - in May-June and September. During this period, the flowers almost completely cover both the soil and phlox leaves. The culture is used to create flowering lawns, as well as in the design of alpine slides.
- Woolly chisel (sheep ears). It stands out against the background of other crops with its unusual large silvery leaves. Its flowers are mauve on long peduncles. The plant looks good in combination with other low-growing crops in various types of flower beds.
- The chrysalis is silvery. Jaskolka boasts no less interesting foliage. Its downy leaves also appear silvery. White flowers are collected in small umbrellas. Chickweed should be planted in large groups, creating lawns, dry reservoirs. The only condition for the good development of a plant is the presence of sunlight.
These plants are also suitable for lazy or summer residents who do not have enough time.
Top 20 ornamental shrubs
These beautiful plants can have significant differences in the requirements for agricultural conditions, therefore, in order for them to really become a decoration of the garden plot, you must first study their botanical description and maintenance rules. Further, for your summer cottage or personal plot, you need to choose exactly those that will be combined with already planted plants or smoothly fit into the planned landscape design. In this case, one should take into account the size and characteristics of the seedlings and the garden itself, as well as the weather conditions of the region. The most popular shrubs with high decorative properties include the following plants.
Lilac (Syringa) for many years remains one of the most popular garden shrubs in summer cottages and household plots, while it is quite frost-resistant. To date, more than two thousand new hybrid varieties have been bred. Their inflorescences consist of a variety of flowers, which can be either small with a simple shape or large, densely doubled. In addition to lilac, they are white, pink, lilac, bluish, lilac, purple and violet. Lilac bushes grow from 2 to 5 m in height and are quite compact in shape.
Planting of lilacs begins in mid-August and ends at the end of September. It is not recommended to root seedlings in the spring, they take root for a long time, grow weak and painful.
Depending on the variety and region of growth, flowering shrubs can begin in May and last until the end of July.
Forsythia (Forsythia) refers to durable shrubs, in one place it can grow safely for more than seventy years.
Bright and unusually flowering sprawling bushes are highly prized, while in warm regions, inflorescences can appear as early as April and last for about a month. Plants are covered with graceful bell flowers, which have a golden yellow color. In this case, light green foliage begins to hatch only after the buds fall off. It is oval in shape with smooth or serrated edges. With the onset of autumn, it acquires a yellow, orange and purple color, which makes the bushes even more decorative. The height of the shrub ranges from 1 to 3 m, and the crown width can reach 2 m.
It is recommended to plant forsythia on a garden plot in the autumn, no later than a month before the onset of the first frost.
Vegaila (Weigela) is a small garden shrub from 70 cm to 2 m in height. Now about 20 species of this plant are known, there are also hybrid varieties. All of them have large bell-shaped tubular flowers that grow both singly and gather in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. They can be white, cream, yellowish, pink and red in color. On the territory of our country, only a few species of this ornamental shrub are grown:
- Early Vegeila (Weigela praecox) with cream flowers, the core of which is decorated with orange specks
- Weigela middendorffiana, which has yellowish-white flowers with purple and bright yellow strokes in the throat cavity
- Pleasant Weigela (Weigela suavis), considered the most graceful of all species - its flowers are light purple on the outside and pale pink on the inside
- Vegeila hybrid (Weigela hybrida), combining many varieties obtained as a result of the work of breeders.
Vegaila is prized by gardeners for its two flowering times, the first of which begins in May, and the second at the end of August. The buds replace each other within a month.
The shrub should be planted in mid-spring. Since vegaila is a thermophilic plant, seedlings planted in autumn can freeze out in regions with cold winters.
Spiraea (Spiraea) is one of the popular frost-resistant ornamental shrubs that bloom quite unusually. It is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, abundant flowering and fast growth. Moreover, there are about 130 natural species of this plant and many hybrids. Their height ranges from 30 cm to 3 m, shoots can be both erect and drooping. The shape of the serrated foliage is lobed, depending on the type, it can be lanceolate, linear or round.
All types of plants are subdivided into early flowering and late flowering. Therefore, if you choose the right seedlings, you can get a bush planting that will bloom from mid-May to early October. It is advisable to plant young plants in the garden in mid-August.
Spring spireas will form white corymbose inflorescences. In summer varieties, small flowers are collected in pink umbrellas, and in autumn in purple brushes. It is truly an original decoration for any garden.
Chaenomeles or Japanese quince (Chaenomeles japonica) is a very showy thorny shrub with dark green glossy foliage. Its height ranges from 50 cm to 3 m. Large flowers up to 5 cm in diameter have a simple or double shape and are collected in small bunches.
Chaenomeles bloom begins in mid-spring and lasts for a month. After its completion, interesting fruits are formed on the plants, resembling small apples. Against the background of glossy foliage, they give the plant a special decorative effect.
This shrub is of Asian origin and prefers spring planting, which can be done from mid-April to late May.
Chubushnik (Philadelphus) has been known since the times of Ancient Egypt, but even now it belongs to the most common ornamental shrubs, beautiful and frost-resistant. This is due to its unpretentiousness, rapid rooting and rare damage from diseases and pests. The plant is rather sprawling, from 1 to 3 m high and up to 2 m wide. Its dark green foliage, elongated, ovoid, acquires a bright lemon hue in autumn.
The goblet flowers of numerous species can be simple or densely double in shape and white, light cream or pinkish in color. They gather in delicate brushes and spread a delicate, sweetish jasmine scent throughout the garden. Blooming of various varieties lasts from mid-June to early autumn.
You can plant a mock-orange in a garden in a permanent place both in autumn and spring.
Shrub cinquefoil (Potentilla) is not only a brightly flowering, but also a medicinal plant, which is even recognized by official medicine. It grows from 70 cm to 1.5 m in height. Its grayish-green, pubescent foliage has a pinnate shape and consists of five small leaves.
The golden yellow flowers have five petals and a diameter of about 3 cm. They gather in small racemose inflorescences that bloom in mid-June. Flowering continues until the onset of the first frost. Hybrid varieties of Potentilla shrub can have a double shape and white, pinkish or red color.
Planting young plants in a permanent place is best done in mid-spring.
Rhododendron (Rhododendron), flowering luxuriantly and profusely, is appreciated by many gardeners for its special grace and noble appearance. This ornamental shrub is the true king of a summer cottage or garden. Depending on the species, the dark green, shiny or leathery foliage of the plant has a serrate or ovoid shape, its length can reach 15 cm.The height of the plant ranges from 50 cm to 4 m, and the crown width can reach 2 m.
Large rhododendron flowers are up to 15 cm in diameter and are white, pinkish, purple, orange or bright red in color. Their shape is reminiscent of garden roses. Each inflorescence has from 10 to 25 buds and can be a separate, spectacular bouquet.
You can plant rhododendrons in open ground in mid-spring and early autumn.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea) refers to a very shade-tolerant and fairly frost-hardy garden plants. In addition, it is unpretentious and can grow even on the most acidic soils, and depending on the change in the composition of the soil, it can change the color of the inflorescences. The height of various types of hydrangea ranges from 1 to 3 m. Large bright green foliage has an ovoid, pointed shape.
Hydrangea inflorescences consist of a huge number of small flowers and are bright large balls, umbrellas or panicles that color summer cottages and garden plots. They can be white, pink, blue, blue, purple. They are often used as cut for original bouquets.
This shrub can be planted both during the spring period and in the fall, several months before the onset of frost.
The Thunberg barberry (Berberis thunbergii) is a beautiful plant with vibrant stems and foliage that blooms in yellow, pink and red hues. This plant has a huge number of species. Its peculiarity is the stems, which eventually change their color from yellow to bright red, purple-red, and as a result they become reddish-brown. Depending on the season, the shoots are covered with small green, golden or orange leaves and needles. The height of the bushes can reach 3 m.
The flowers of this ornamental shrub gather in large, peculiar inflorescences, appearing in late May or early June and remaining on the branches for a month.
After its completion, fruits about 1 cm in diameter begin to form on the bushes, which, when ripe, acquire a bright red color and sour taste. Planting barberry Thunberg can be carried out from mid-spring to early autumn.
In our next article you will find a selection of unpretentious flowers for summer cottages and gardens: https://mydesigninfo.ru/tsvetyi-mnogoletniki-dlya-sada-neprihotlivyie-dolgotsvetushhie/.
Hawthorn (Crataegus) can be bred in the garden not only for decorative purposes, but also to collect medicinal fruits from it. This shrub is not only beautiful, but also frost-hardy, unpretentious in care and undemanding to growing conditions. Some of its species can reach 4 m in height. Its bright green foliage is diamond-shaped and has sharp, deep cavities.
Shield-shaped inflorescences consist of small white or pink flowers, in place of which bright red berries are formed in autumn.
The flowering of hawthorn lasts throughout June, and the ripening of the fruits ends in early September. You can plant this shrub in the garden both during the spring period and in the fall.
Holly (Ilex) is a frost-hardy evergreen shrub. Its glossy foliage is characterized by an elliptical shape and pointed teeth at the edges. In addition to species with a green color, there are variegated specimens, on the leaves of which there are white or yellow blotches. The shrub height ranges from 3 to 5 m.
Holly blooms from May to July, but this plant becomes most beautiful in the fall, when it is covered with large fruits of red, white, yellow or dark brown color, adding brightness to the garden. They can persist on the plant until next spring. Holly planting in the country or in a personal plot can be carried out during the entire vegetative period.
Kalina Buldonezh or snow globe (Viburnum buldenezh) is frost-resistant and has very beautiful carved foliage of bright green color. Delicate white flowers are collected in large inflorescences that reach 20 cm in diameter. From a distance, they really resemble dazzling snowballs. In autumn, large brushes with red berries with medicinal properties are formed in their place. This ornamental shrub is very famous and popular in summer cottages and household plots.
Flowering of this ornamental shrub begins in late May - early June and lasts for a month.
It is advisable to plant Bulldonezh viburnum on a garden plot in the spring, but you can do this in early autumn.
Deutzia is a beautiful shrub with a spreading crown and abundant flowering, which is of East Asian origin, therefore it is not very hardy. The plant grows to a height of 50 cm to 2 m Whole foliage can be smooth or rough, and have smooth or jagged edges.
Small bell-shaped flowers can be simple or double. They gather in numerous inflorescences-panicles of white, pink, purple or purple color.
Flowering begins in late May and ends in early July. Planting action can be carried out both in spring and autumn.
Bubbles (Physocarpus Amurensis) is a beautiful, frost-resistant and unpretentious plant that tolerates light shading well. The shrub has an interesting spherical dense crown. Its large foliage is purple or purple-burgundy in color.
Small inflorescences up to 7 cm in diameter are formed by small white or pink flowers. The bladder height can be more than 3 m, and the width is about 2 m.
This shrub begins to bloom in June and lasts for a month. The bladder can be propagated from mid-spring to early autumn.
Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) is an ornamental shrub, highly valued in horticulture for its dense crown, which is easy to form and retains its shape for a long time. In addition, he is not too picky about growing conditions. Its shoots are covered with many bright green shiny ovoid leaves, which, with the onset of autumn, acquire a reddish and then purple color. Depending on the variety, the plant can reach from 50 cm to 3 m in height.
Small white or pink cotoneaster flowers are collected in small clusters. Flowering begins in late May and lasts until early July.
In early autumn, red, bright orange or black fruits ripen on the bushes. In combination with burgundy leaves, they give the bushes a particularly attractive look. It is advisable to plant the cotoneaster in the middle of spring.
This plant can very often be found in gardens and dachas in the South of Russia, although it is suitable for more northern ones, as it is quite frost-resistant.
Euonymus can be called a rather unusual garden shrub. The green leaves of some of its species can be simultaneously decorated with white, yellow, orange, red and purple designs. Plant height ranges from 50 cm to 3.5 m. It is a frost-resistant plant that needs bright light.
Small inflorescences, consisting of small yellowish-green flowers, look inconspicuous. And the fruits that are formed from them are highly decorative. They are four- or pentahedral boxes of pink or red color. Large seeds of white, yellow, red or black color ripen in them. When ripe fruits burst, they come out.
Euonymus blooms in May and June. Young plants are planted in the fall.
Camellia (Camellia) has many varieties, but in garden plots, as a rule, Japanese camellia and Williams camellia hybrids are grown. This shrub has dense elliptical or ovoid leaves with a shiny surface and serrated edges. Their length ranges from 10 to 17 cm.
Plant height can reach 5 m.
Camellia is valued by flower growers for its large flowers, the diameter of which reaches 12 cm. They can be simple or double, have white, pink, red or variegated colors. Their core is formed by many yellow stamens. From a distance, camellia bushes resemble roses. It is not very frost-hardy, and it is grown in regions with a mild climate, where flowering begins in mid-spring and lasts for several months. Plants are planted in the garden in the spring.
Low almond (Amygdalus nana) is a small but very beautiful shrub about 1.5 m high. On its erect stems there are a large number of narrow lanceolate leaves with serrated edges. Many simple flowers of this frost-resistant, unlike its dessert varieties, the plants are white or bright pink in color.
Low almond blossoms begin at the end of April, when there is still no foliage on it. It lasts for a month, then the formation and maturation of small fruits in a fluffy shell begins. Planting young plants in the garden or in the country can be carried out both in spring and autumn.
Ceanothus is interesting for its late flowering. It looks like a small tree with a spreading crown. Its shoots are covered with green large, velvety leaves. Small flowers are collected in large, beautiful inflorescences that resemble lilacs. They can be white, pink, blue or purple in color.
The value of the zeanotus is that its flowering begins in August and lasts until mid-autumn. You can plant shrubs in the garden both in the spring and in the autumn. This ornamental shrub is quite frost-resistant.
In addition to those listed, there are many more ornamental shrubs that can decorate any garden with dignity. Therefore, everyone can choose plants of their choice for their summer cottage or garden and make up planned landscape compositions from them. Of course, this should take into account the characteristics of the site, the characteristics of the plants, the flowering period and planting time.
Conifers are also well suited for decorating and landscaping the site. There are a lot of them. We have made a selection of plants popular with gardeners and summer residents: https://mydesigninfo.ru/hvoynyie-rasteniya-dlya-sada-foto-i-nazvaniya/.
Even if your plot of land is small, you can always create in it a cozy atmosphere of a garden due to a well-thought-out selection of decorative shrubs, frost-resistant and long-flowering, adding greenery and bright colors, rustling foliage and a delicate aroma of flowers to your living space, and also receiving with their help in the fall, bright, tasty, healthy fruits.
Perennial Plants | Expansion of the University of Maryland
(For troubleshooting, go to Common Annuals, Bulbs, Groundcover, Perennials, and Vines Issues)
Perennial plants are plants that live year after year. This means that the tops of the plants die back to the ground every fall with the first freeze. Each spring, new plant tops emerge from the crown or roots that have survived throughout the winter. Perennials are said to be hardy because they survive the winter.
The most obvious benefit of growing perennials is that they don't need to be planted every year, although some need to be replaced or split every few years. Another benefit is that with careful planning, a perennial flower bed will change color as one type of plant ends and another begins to bloom. Pruning is not always necessary to maintain flowering, as perennial plants have a limited flowering period. However, they need pruning and grooming to remain attractive.
Their relatively short flowering period is disadvantageous for the long-term grower, but their combination and the use of annuals will give continuous benefits.
In some perennials, the removal of used flowers will produce additional flowers in the current season. When plants have old leggy foliage and lush new growth at the base, the old foliage should be removed to allow new leaves and stems to develop. Biennial or short-lived perennials can sometimes be fooled into another flowering year by removing the seed heads immediately after flowering.
Plant late summer or fall perennials in spring and spring perennials in late summer or early fall. However, it is wise to check the exact planting dates for specific perennials. Regardless of planting time, give perennials enough time to take root before they bloom or weather the cold weather.
- Choose plants with a specific purpose, such as framing plants, accents for evergreens, lots of flowers and rock garden patterns, then you can choose perennial plants based on their characteristics and deciding which plants best suit your needs.
- Observe the flowering times of perennial plants in your area. That way, you can choose plants that bloom together and plants that showcase when little else is blooming. For details on specific plants or plant groups, consult with plant societies, specialist books, nursery operators and local botanical gardens.
- Choose from a variety of plants for texture, distribution, flower shape and height, grow your own plants or buy from your local nursery. You can choose your color as the plants usually bloom when they are listed for sale. Choose compact, dark green perennials. Don't buy plants with thin, pale yellow stems and leaves. Buy the named plant varieties as their disease resistance, heat and cold resistance, growth characteristics and coloration are known.
Planting container-grown perennials with roots
Plants grown in containers are very often rooted while growing in the nursery and waiting to be sold. Take time to trim the roots before planting. This looks radical, but in the long term the plants will develop a healthier root system that spreads horizontally into the soil.
Photo 1: A perennial removed from a container preparing for planting
Photo: K. Carignan
Photo 2: The same perennial with cut roots, ready for planting
into the soil
Photo: K. Carignan
Pruning - This is the removal of fallen flowers. Flowers that sprout into seeds consume a large amount of plant energy, distracting it from vegetative growth. Plants can be pushed onto a side leaf, flower, or bud when appropriate. In the case of a single flower stem with almost no leaves, the stem should be trimmed at the base after flowering.
Disbudding - This is the removal of small young buds. Removing the top or top bud results in the plant producing more flowers but smaller. Removing the lateral or lateral buds will produce a larger flower on a longer stem. Dahlias, carnations, chrysanthemums and peonies usually do not grow.
Topping is the removal of the top few inches of soft growth with a sharp, clean pair of scissors or pinching between the thumb and forefinger.
Typically, perennials should be dead after flowering unless self seeding is desirable, seed heads are attractive, or seeds are a food source for wildlife. Many people allow foxglove, foxglove, columbina, corialis, and other desirable perennials to be used as seeds to create new plants. Seeds of Echinats, Joe Pai weeds, sunflower, lemon balm, hosta and black-eyed Susan are considered both attractive in winter and a good food source for birds. ...
Some perennials are thinned to reduce the risk of disease, increase flower size, or improve appearance. Cut through by cutting off a few stems at the base of the plant. This improves air circulation around the plant, thereby reducing the risk of disease. Phlox, asters, monarda and delphinium are best thinned out because they are prone to mold or rot.
Pinching encourages the growth of the bushes. To avoid breakage and get leaner plants with stronger stems, pinch perennials such as chrysanthemums and asters several times until mid-July.Usually, the first pinching is done as soon as several sets of leaves appear on each stem. Pinching delays flowering. The trick of pinching only some of the stems lengthens the flowering period as the pinched parts will bloom later. Perennials such as Phlox paniculata and Autumn Joy sedum can be pruned once or twice in summer until mid-July to hit plant height or flowering times. Single-leafed perennials such as lilies and leafless peduncles such as iris , should not be pinched before flowering.
Sometimes the flowers are removed because they are not considered as attractive as the leaves: for example, some hosts. In the fall, cutting plants down to the ground tidies up the garden and removes debris that may contain insects or diseases. However, it can also remove the winter weather protection that broken, curved stems provide for delicate root foliage.
Perennials and ornamental grasses not cut in the fall provide protection and seed for birds in cold weather. It also provides wintering grounds for pollinators and natural enemies that work to our advantage to control pests. It is a personal preference to keep crop residues or trim them.
If you need to transplant a perennial plant, do so on a cloudy day to reduce sun and / or heat stress. If you are careful, perennials can be transplanted even when they are in bloom, but it is best to do this when they are sleeping or just starting to grow. Early spring or fall is the best time to transplant them.
- Dig a new hole first, adding organic matter to the soil if possible.
- Add water and drain.
- Dig up the perennial carefully, keeping the root ball as large as possible.
- Place the transplant in the hole, covering it with soil.
- Water the new seedlings, mulch and, if necessary, protect with a cardboard net.
In the fall, after the foliage of perennials has faded, cut and remove dead leaves, stems, and fallen flowers two inches above the crown, which often contain insect pests and pathogens. Apply winter mulch after the soil temperature has dropped.
Autumn is a good time to plan for replanting and separating your perennials to give them more space. Increasing air movement between plants is an important disease prevention method. If you're concerned about excessive white space, plan to inflate with annuals within the first few years.
Reproduction of perennials
Seed propagation has several advantages over vegetative division; diseases are less commonly seed borne. Less common varieties are more often available as seeds. The seeds of the species will match the type, but the seeds of the cultivars will not. Plant perennials from seed either in mid to late summer when they will sprout naturally, or sow them in the spring.
Most perennials left in the same spot for more than three years are likely to be overcrowded, with dead unsightly centers, the center of the bush will grow poorly and flowers will be sparse. The lump will look like a "donut". Perennials need to be divided. In Maryland, separate the spring and summer flowers after they bloom, either in late summer or in the fall when the foliage dies off. Fall-flowering herbaceous perennials are usually separated in early spring, giving the plants their entire growing season to recover.
- Water the soil well before digging to maintain a lump of soil and keep the roots moist.
- Keep only strong side shoots on the outside of the clump. Discard the center of the lump.
- Divide the plant into groups of three to five shoots each. Be careful not to overdo it, too small a lump will not give a lot of color in the first year after transplanting.
- Divide the perennials when the plants are dormant, just before the new growing season or fall, so they can take root before the ground freezes.
- Don't repot all the units in the same space as the original plant; give some to friends, plant somewhere in your yard, or compost.
Many plants can be propagated by both apical and root cuttings. As a rule, root cuttings propagate more easily than root cuttings.
Selection of cuttings of new growths. Slice the ends three to six inches long. Treat the base of the cutting with a root stimulant. Leave all of the foliage on the cutting, except for the part below the soil line. Place one cutting in a pot of wet sand and place the top cuttings in a slightly shaded area. Cover with a sheet of clear plastic. Check regularly that the cuttings do not dry out.
When the cuttings do not pull out well from the soil, they begin to take root. Punch holes in the plastic sheet or lift the plastic cover to improve air circulation. This will strengthen the cuttings. Make root cuttings of plants such as phlox, gypsophila, oriental poppy. Dig up the plants in the spring. Select pencil-sized roots and cut them into 4-inch sections. Place each piece in a peat pot. Prepare the potting tray as you would for seeds, except that the potting mix should be two parts sand, one part soil, and one part peat moss. Water thoroughly.
Choosing perennials for flowering sequence
* local species available
Early spring (February - March)
Late spring (April-May)
- Bergenia Bergenia
- Hermit Epimedium
- Bleeding heart * Dicenter
- Creeping buttercup Ranunculus
- Candytuft Iberis Carnation
S ummer (June-August)
- Japanese anemone Anemone
- Stoke's Aster
- Astilbe Astilbe
- Baby's breath Gypsophila
- Balloon flower Platycodon
- Butterfly Weed * Asclepias
- Cardinal Flower * Lobelia
- Black color * Lobelia
- Shasta daisy Chrysanthemum
- Daylily Hemerocallis
- Coralbell * Heuchera
- Coreopsis * Coreopsis
- Gas Plant Dictamnus
- Goldenrodigular Dictamnus
- Lupine Lupine
- Garden phlox * Phlox
- Perennial sunflower * Sunflower
- Yarrow Achillea