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Information About Fig Trees

Information About Fig Trees


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Fig Seed Propagation: How To Plant Fig Tree Seeds

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

One of the oldest cultivated fruits is the fig. If you are curious about experiencing the fruit in your own backyard, you may question if figs can be grown from seed. Yes, but don't expect the same cultivar. For more information on growing a fig from seed, click here.

Fig Sclerotium Blight Info: Treating A Fig With Southern Blight

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Southern blight on fig trees produces fungal bodies primarily around the trunk. According to fig sclerotium blight info, there is no cure for the disease, but you can prevent it fairly easily. Click on the following article for more information.

Fig Leaf Blight Control: Learn About Leaf Blight Of Figs

By Amy Grant

Figs suffer few serious disease issues. Few does not mean none, however, and one disease that plagues the tree is called fig thread blight or leaf blight of figs. Learn how to spot the symptoms of figs with leaf blight and its control in this article.

Fig Souring Info: Learn What Causes Fig Souring And How To Treat

By Liz Baessler

Fig souring, or fig sour rot, is a nasty business that can render all the fruits on a fig tree inedible. Luckily, there are some easy and effective ways to avoid the problem. This article will help with identifying sour figs and managing fig sour rot.

What Is A Celeste Fig: Learn About Celeste Fig Tree Care

By Liz Baessler

Figs are a wonderful and unique fruit, and they don?t come cheap (or fresh, usually) in the supermarket. One very popular one is the Celeste fig. Click this article to learn more about Celeste fig tree care and tips for growing Celeste figs in the garden.

What Is A Brown Turkey Fig: Tips For Growing Brown Turkeys

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Brown Turkey figs are adaptable to temperate regions. What is a Brown Turkey fig? Brown Turkey fig trees are easy to prune to manage height, adaptable to many soils and prolific fruit producers. Learn more about them in this article.

What Is A Hardy Chicago Fig – Learn About Cold Tolerant Fig Trees

By Amy Grant

Generally, folks living in cooler climes can?t grow figs, right? Wrong. Meet the Chicago Hardy fig. This cold tolerant fig tree that can be grown in USDA zones 5-10 - perfect for cold weather regions. Click here to find out about growing hardy Chicago fig.

Fig Tree Borer Treatment: Learn How To Manage Fig Borers

By Kristi Waterworth

Figs are great landscape trees, but they're not problem-free. One of their worst pests is the fig tree borer, a long-horned beetle that can cause a lot of havoc in almost no time. Learn more about this insect and how to manage it in the garden by clicking this article.

Fig Tree Watering: What Are Water Requirements For Fig Trees

By Amy Grant

If you?re lucky enough to have one or more fig trees in your landscape, you might be wondering about irrigating fig trees; how much and how often. The following article contains information on the water requirements for fig trees and when to water fig trees.

Common Fig Tree Pests – What To Do About Pests On Fig Trees

By Amy Grant

Despite their ancient history, they are not without many of the same fig tree insect pests that plague the tree today. The key to fig tree pest control is learning how to identify common fig tree pests. The information in this article should help with that.

Blight Fig Disease – Tips For Treating Pink Blight In Figs

By Jackie Carroll

Fig trees add character to the landscape and produce a bounty of tasty fruit. Pink limb blight can ruin the shape of a tree and destroy the crop. Read this article to find out how to detect and treat this destructive disease of figs.

Cold Hardy Fig Varieties: Tips For Growing Winter Hardy Figs

By Amy Grant

Figs enjoy warmer temps and probably won?t do too well if you live in say, USDA zone 5. Fear not fig lovers living in cool regions; there are some cold hardy fig varieties. Find out what some of these are in this article. Click here now.

Fig Tree Container Planting: Tips For Growing Figs In Pots

By Amy Grant

If you live in USDA zones 8-10, there's a fig for you. What if you live north of Zone 7? No worries, consider planting fig trees in pots. Read this article to find out how to care for potted fig trees and other info on container grown figs.

Tough, Dry Figs: Why Your Ripe Figs Are Dry Inside

By Amy Grant

Fresh picked fig tree fruit that is dry inside is definitely not desirable, however. If you have what appears to be ripe figs, but they are dry inside, what's going on? Read this article to get more information.

Fig Tree Leaf Drop – Why Do Fig Trees Lose Leaves

By Kristi Waterworth

Leaf drop can be a normal part of the fig?s life cycle, but sometimes leaf drop on figs is caused by sudden environmental changes or pest problems Read this article to learn more about leaf drop in fig trees.

Fig With Small Fruit: Why Are My Figs Too Small

By Amy Grant

If you happen to be lucky enough to have a fig tree in your home garden, there is nothing more tragic than small, inedible figs on the tree. What then are some reasons for a fig with small fruit and are there any solutions? Click here to fine out.

Fig Tree Ants: How To Keep Ants Off Fig Trees

By Susan Patterson, Master Gardener

Ants on fig trees can be especially problematic because many types of figs have an opening through which they can readily enter. Learn more about controlling ants in fig trees in this article.

Espalier Of Fig Trees: Can You Espalier A Fig Tree?

By Susan Patterson, Master Gardener

If you have the space, a fig tree makes a delicious and attractive addition to any landscape. However, don't fret if your garden is small. Consider creating a fig espalier. Find out more about in this article.

Rooting Figs – How To Propagate Fig Trees

By Jackie Rhoades

If you enjoy figs, you might be wondering how to propagate fig trees as opposed to buying a replacement. Fig propagation is an economical way to continue or increase production. This article explains more.

Fig Fruit Stays Green – Reasons Figs Don’t Ripen

By Heather Rhoades

A common question that gardeners with fig trees have is a??how long does it take a fig to ripen on the tree?a?? The answer to this question is not a straight forward answer. Learn why in this article.

Why A Fig Tree Is Not Producing Fruit

By Heather Rhoades

Fig trees are an excellent fruit tree to grow in your garden. But when your fig tree does not produce figs, it can be frustrating. There are many reasons for a fig tree not fruiting. Learn what they are here.

Fig Tree Pruning – How To Trim A Fig Tree

By Heather Rhoades

When it comes to pruning, many gardeners are at a loss as to how to properly trim a fig tree. With a little knowledge, this is an easy task. Read here to learn more about how to prune fig trees.

Fig Tree Problems: Fig Tree Dropping Figs

By Heather Rhoades

When fig fruit falls off the tree, it can be frustrating. But knowing why this happens and how to correct the problem will make dealing with dropping figs easier. Learn more in this article.

Problems With Fig Trees: Common Fig Tree Diseases

By Kathee Mierzejewski

As rewarding as they are frustrating, figs are commonly troubled by several diseases. Knowing how to recognize fig tree diseases can help keep you one step ahead. Read here to learn more.


Fig tree, a summer-loving fruit tree

The fig tree is an amazing fruit tree with very unique leaves.

A summary of key fig tree facts

Height – 16 to 32 feet (5 to 10 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary

Foliage – deciduous
Fruit formation – May to September.
Harvest – July and August

Planting, care and pruning will greatly help increase the quality of the fig harvest.


Figs: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties

About figs
The common fig is a deciduous, small tree usually growing 10 to 30 feet tall, with large, lobed, deep green leaves that lend a tropical air to the plant. (There are other types of figs less commonly grown that have different pollination requirements. This information pertains to common figs.) The flowers of the common fig are all female and don't need pollinating to set fruit. The first crop of fruit in spring is called the "breba" crop, maturing from buds set the previous season. The main crop that follows in the fall matures on the new growth made that summer. In cooler parts of its range, the breba crop is often lost to spring frosts.

There are a number of fig varieties adapted to different regions of the country. Good varieties for the South include 'Celeste', 'Eastern Brown Turkey', 'Green Ischia' and 'Magnolia', 'Brown Turkey', 'Kadota', 'Ischia' and 'Mission' are among those recommended for California, while 'Desert King' and 'Lattarulla' are adapted to the cooler conditions of the Northwest.

Choosing a site to grow figs
Select a site with full sun and well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. The preferred soil pH is 6.0-6.5, but trees will tolerate a pH of 5.5-8.0. In areas with a shorter growing season or cooler summer temperatures, try growing trees as espaliers against a sunny, south-facing white wall where they'll receive reflected light and heat.

Planting Instructions
Set out new trees in spring. Set bare-root trees atop a small mound of soil in the center of the planting hole, and spread the roots down and away without unduly bending them. Identify original planting depth by finding color change from dark to light as you move down the trunk towards the roots. Set the trees 2-4 inches deeper than they grew in the nursery. Plant trees at least 20 feet from buildings and other trees.

For container-grown trees, remove the plant from its pot and eliminate circling roots by laying the root ball on its side and cutting through the roots with shears. Set the tree 2-4 inches deeper than it was growing in the container.

Ongoing Care
Young trees need regular watering while they are getting established, and established trees in dry climates will need deep watering at least every week or two. A layer of mulch over the root zone will help to conserve moisture. Yellowing or dropping leaves and dropping fruits may be signs of drought stress.

Fig trees don't usually need regular fertilization unless they are grown in containers. Use your tree's growth rate to assess its need for feeding if it makes less than a foot of new growth annually, apply 1/2 to 1 pound of actual nitrogen, dividing this amount into 3 or 4 feedings, beginning in late winter and ending in midsummer.

Figs generally don't need much pruning to be productive. Shape trees lightly during the dormant season and remove dead, diseased, broken or crossing branches.

To minimize bird damage to fruit, harvest ripe fruits promptly and cover trees with netting. Contact your local Cooperative Extension Service for information on fig pest and diseases in your area.

In the northern parts of its range, figs may benefit from frost protection. In late fall, tie the tree's branches up to make it more compact, fashion a cage of chicken wire around the tree and fill it with dry straw for insulation. Wrap the outside of the cage with layers of burlap and plastic. Remove the wrappings and straw in spring just before new growth begins and after the danger of hard frost. Some gardeners even manage to bring fig trees through the winter as far north as zone 6 this way.

How to harvest figs
Fruits should be completely ripe before they are picked. Ripe figs will be fully colored, starting to bend over at the neck and will be slightly soft. Pick them with the stem still attached. Some people find the milky sap of the tree irritating, so you may want to wear gloves when harvesting.

Fresh figs will keep in the refrigerator for 2 or 3 days.


Planting a Fig Tree

Tips

  • Feel free to plant a fig tree outdoors in zone 8 or lower. If you live in a zone where the winter temperatures get too cold for extended periods, the best option would be to grow a fig in a container and stored inside.
  • Plant a fig tree outdoors during the early spring or late fall time that is when the tree is inactive.
  • If you are growing your fig tree in a container, grow it in a soil-based potting mix and place in fine bark chips so you can improve the drainage. During the summer, the tree must be kept in the sun. Add in high nitrogen fertilizer every month during the spring and summer times. Moderately add water to the tree. In the winter, keep the tree inside and check to see if the soil is moist.
  • Outdoor fig trees should be planted in the spring or in early fall when the sun is out. These trees can grow properly in all types of soils as long as it has organic material and is well drained.
  • Plant a fig tree at least 20 feet away from trees and buildings.
  • Fig trees have deep roots so keep that in mind when choosing where to plant it.

Planting a Container Fig Tree in the Ground

  1. Take the plant out of its container and remove any roots that may be circling. With the help of shears, cut the roots as needed.
  2. Dig a hole in the desired place. The hole should be a few inches wider and deeper than the roots and their spread. Place the tree on a small pile of soil right in the center of the hole. The roots need to be away from the trunk without having to bend them too much.
  3. The tree should be planted 2 to 4 inches deeper than it was planted originally in its container.