The plant celandine (Chelidonium) belongs to the dicotyledonous genus and belongs to the Poppy family. The name of the species is large celandine (Chelidonium majus). There are various popular names for the plant. For example, puree, yellow milk, podtinnik. The name of the genus from the Latin language can be translated as "swallow grass". Celandine got this name because of popular belief. It is believed that swallows with the sap of this plant treat their young, who were born blind.
In nature, celandine can be found in Europe, America, as well as in the Mediterranean. It was introduced to America only in the 17th century as a remedy for warts. It grows very well in our climate, it can be found everywhere.
Even in ancient Greece, doctors confirmed that celandine herb has healing properties. In those days, plant sap was used to treat eye diseases. This continued until the 18th century. But celandine has other medicinal properties that people have learned about over time. Popular names are associated with the fact that the plant helped with warts and in the treatment of skin diseases.
General characteristics of celandine
Celandine has a straight stem that branches. The height ranges from 50 cm to 1 m. At the break, a thick sap is released, which, upon contact with air, turns orange with a reddish tint. The lower leaves growing at the roots are deeply pinnate-separated. They consist of several pairs of lobes that are round or ovoid. The upper lobe is three-lobed, and is large in comparison with the rest. Above, the leaves are green, and on the back, they are bluish. The upper leaves are sessile, and the lower ones are arranged on petioles. The flowers are correct, have 4 petals. Color - yellow with a golden tint. The diameter of one flower is up to 25 mm. They gather in umbrellas. The flowers do not have nectaries, but they have a lot of pollen, which attracts insects. The fruit of the plant is a pod-shaped capsule. Seeds are black, small.
Planting celandine in open ground
Celandine reproduces both by seeds and by segments of rhizomes. The best conditions for growing celandine are bright sun. But it is quite allowed to grow even in the shade or in partial shade. Since the plant is quite unpretentious, you can not pick up a certain soil before planting celandine. Its texture will not play an important role for planting. The place may even be damp and dark.
Many gardeners and gardeners prefer to plant celandine grass in places where practically nothing will grow. This can be near a barn or along a fence.
Celandine seeds that have just been harvested are recommended to be sown before winter. If you use last year's seeds, you must take into account that they will have poor germination. But celandine can be sown in the spring.
Before planting celandine, it is necessary to dig up the ground to a depth corresponding to one bayonet of a shovel. Then it is harrowed. It is recommended to plant celandine seeds in the ground by about 5 cm.If you sow the seeds closer to the end of April, then after 2 weeks shoots will appear.
In mid-July, celandine will begin to bloom, and by the end of summer, fruits will appear. But if you sow the seeds before winter, then the seedlings will appear earlier than those sown in April. If an adult plant has already overwintered, it will begin to grow in the first half of May. Flower formation will begin in the middle of the month. Closer to August, flowering stops.
Caring for celandine in the garden
Special care for celandine is not required, it is an unpretentious plant. After the emergence of seedlings, you need to wait for them to get a little stronger. The seedlings can then be planted about 30 cm apart to provide them with a place to feed. Watering celandine is necessary only if the drought lasts a long time.
From time to time, you can apply fertilizer in the form of an infusion of cow dung. Manure must be filled with water and left to infuse for several days. It needs to be stirred from time to time. Next, the infusion is filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6. Among the advantages, it can be noted that there will be no need to control weeds. Even wheatgrass does not grow near celandine.
Celandine is an excellent insecticidal agent. The grass must be collected during flowering, and then dry well, grind into powder. They pollinate the beds to get rid of such pests as cruciferous flea and onion fly.
Collection and storage of celandine
Celandine should be harvested during flowering. The bush must be pulled out of the ground by the roots, and then cleaned of earth and grass residues. The plant is washed under water, tied, in bundles of about 12 bushes each. The bunches need to be hung out to dry. The place should be shaded and dry. In addition, good air circulation must be ensured. You can dry celandine in a special dryer. But the temperature should not exceed 60 degrees. It is important to dry the plant as quickly as possible. In this case, it retains the juice. You cannot dry it for a long time, as it will become brown or mold.
When the bundles are dry, each bundle must be wrapped in a piece of cloth to protect it from dust. You can use paper. But the top of the plants should be left slightly open. This is necessary in order for the plant to have access to air.
The bundles are wrapped and then hung in a ventilated dry place. If you dry the celandine correctly and follow all the conditions for its storage, then you can use the raw materials for 6 years. A dry plant can also be stored in cardboard boxes, but it will only last for 3 years.
When working with celandine, do not touch your face with your hands. This is especially true for the lips and eyes.
Types and varieties of celandine with photos
Among the plants introduced into culture, there is not only celandine, but also Asian celandine (Chelidonium asiaticum). But some experts are sure that this is not a separate species, but a subspecies of the plant. Although back in 1912, scientific analyzes were carried out, as a result of which this species was recognized as separate.
There is also spring celandine (Hylomecon vernalis = Hylomecon japonicum). Its other name is forest poppy. It is a perennial plant with large yellow flowers. Belongs to the Poppy family. Yet this plant represents a monotypic genus. In culture, it is grown as an ornamental plant.
Healing properties of celandine
It is important to remember that celandine herb is poisonous. It contains about 20 isosinoline alkaloids, including the dangerous chelidonine, which in its structure is similar to papaverine, as well as morphine. In addition, the composition contains a component such as homohelidonin. It is a convulsive poison that has a strong local effect as an anesthetic. Sanguinarine is a component that has a short-term narcotic effect on the body, which ends with convulsions, salivation, and the excitation of intestinal motility. A component such as protopin tones the uterine muscles.
Celandine contains ascorbic acid, carotene, bitterness. The plant contains flavonoids, resins and various acids. Due to its composition, celandine is a choleretic agent, has a bactericidal effect, relieves spasms and inflammation. With herpes, fresh plant sap can cauterize the blisters. They reduce warts, calluses, age spots.
Thanks to the healing effect, the use of celandine is effective in removing polyps from the intestines. Sometimes various gynecological disorders and eye diseases are treated. But the treatment is carried out exclusively under the supervision of a doctor. If there is inflammation in the nasopharynx, stomatitis or any other gum disease develops, it is recommended to rinse the mouth with a decoction of the plant.
Since celandine has a sedative effect, it is used as an additive in the composition of sedative preparations used for insomnia, neuroses, stress. With gallstone disease, colitis, gastritis, the plant's ability to relieve spasms helps.
The herb is quite effective for atherosclerosis, hypertension, and various lung diseases. This also applies to asthma. With the help of this remedy, rheumatism, food poisoning, skin diseases (eczema, acne, psoriasis) are treated.
For burns, celandine-based products help relieve pain.
Despite all the benefits of celandine in the treatment of various diseases, one must not forget that this is a poisonous plant. If celandine poisoning begins, the following symptoms appear:
- The mucous membranes are irritated and very inflamed;
- The person starts vomiting, diarrhea, he is very nauseous;
- Pressure drops;
- There may be hallucinations and loss of consciousness.
Since celandine-based products contain a large amount of alkaloids, they should never be used by pregnant women, young mothers who are breastfeeding. Cannot be taken by children. Such drugs are contraindicated for people suffering from epilepsy and various mental disorders, angina pectoris, and problems such as cardiac decompensation. With severe dysbiosis or constipation, they are also not recommended.
As a result of external use, the skin can be damaged.
We must not forget about the danger of the remedy. Even if you do not suffer from any of the listed problems and are not pregnant, it is still mandatory to consult a specialist. In addition, in no case should you deviate from the dosage recommended for a particular disease. Caution and adherence to the rules of admission will help protect yourself from severe poisoning with toxic substances.
Celandine. Growing healing brooms in the garden.
Medicinal properties of celandine and contraindications, recipes for use
Near the house in our front garden is already full of young celandine, and this is April 15! I didn’t notice before that it germinates so early, it turned out that it doesn’t germinate, but winter
under the snow in the form of basal petiole rosettes! Today we will study its medicinal properties and contraindications, but first a description.
Popular names among the peoples of Russia: selidonium (kelidonium), swallow grass, purity, cleanliness, warthog, light grass, seer, glazed grass, cleanser.
Already by the names you can understand what medicinal properties it has, but first let's take a closer look at it.
Celandine is a perennial of the poppy family.
The height of the bush often reaches 70 cm, a thick, juicy stem, even in appearance, is covered with hairs. The leaves are large, rounded, deeply dissected, their upper surface is green, the lower one is bluish-green with a waxy coating. The root is quite powerful, pivotal. The flowers are bright yellow, arranged in umbrellas, and the fruits - grains, similar to poppy, are found and ripen in boll knocks.
And the stems, twigs, leaves, root contain orange juice. It appears when cracked and is thick in consistency.
Favorite flowers that have become weeds
If anyone knew how weed at me garden forget-me-not... It all started with a single bush with delicate blue flowers and a couple of bags of a mixture of seeds with pink, white and blue flowers. At first, the plants did not leave the territory assigned to them, then they timidly stepped outside of it. A few years later, forget-me-not bloomed everywhere: in flower beds, in the garden beds, under the bushes of honeysuckle, currants and in raspberries. She climbed into the greenhouse and into the pots of houseplants. Last year, I pulled out a flowering seedling from a hanging planter with an ampelous cactus. This delicate plant quickly settled down on the gravel path, turning it into a flowering belt. Naturally, neighbors also no longer have to buy the seeds of this flower.
Forget-me-nots and nocturnal Matrona
And what is doing scepter mullein! He has already begun to occupy other people's gardens and roadsides in our village. This two-meter giant fits even among rockery stones. True, there his height decreases to fifty centimeters. In the spring, many beds are completely dotted with velvety seedlings of that mullein, which until recently was considered a decoration of the site. I smile when I read that this plant does not tolerate transplanting well. Even two-year-old mulleins pulled out of the ground, flying past a humus heap during weeding, continue to live, bloom and give seeds.
The seedling of the scepter mullein is not even trampled
We have to restrain the onslaught asparagus (asparagus). It grows everywhere: in the garden, vegetable garden, on paths and even in the cracks of concreted blind areas. I am no longer surprised by the bizarre appearance of the humus heap, which at the beginning of summer is covered with the green fluff of asparagus seedlings. We are already accustomed to the fact that together with delicate dill leaves, tougher shoots of asparagus that have grown in a garden with herbs fall into our soup. Weed and plants such as liverwort, marigold, anemone and some small-bulbous. Their seeds are carried by the wind and ants. I am sure that I am not the only one who has a lot of problems with the prickly fruit ("mad cucumber"), the seeds of which scatter with a crash in all directions. Its numerous shoots appear even at a great distance from the mother plant. "Cucumber" climbs on fences and trees. Maiden feverfew, carob oxalis, cypress euphorbia, evening primrose, perennial daisy, Turkish carnation, aquilegia (catchment area), Matrona's hesperis (Matrona's nocturnal violet), rudbeckia, garden quinoa, buttercups, quite decent plants and many others ...
Also, in my first-aid kit there is always an ointment from celandine for all sorts of skin sores. If there is fresh juice, then I simply mix it with petroleum jelly in a ratio of 1: 4. In its absence, I use dry grass: I grind it into powder and mix it with petroleum jelly in the same ratio.
On a note
Celandine preparations are contraindicated even for external use during pregnancy, epilepsy, angina pectoris, as well as children under three years of age.
Collecting herbs should be done with gloves and goggles. Drops of celandine juice in the eyes cause severe burns to the mucous membrane. If this does happen, you need to immediately see an ophthalmologist.
After the celandine is cut, the plant is placed in a warm, well-ventilated, and most importantly, dry room. Drying of medicinal herbs can be done in two ways. In the first case, the grass is laid out on a flat surface. At the same time, it must be constantly checked, because in this case the probability of plant rotting is the highest. If some specimens of the collected grass turn brown, it is better to get rid of them. In the second case, cleanliness is dried in a suspended state. This method is optimal.
Regardless of which method was chosen, the degree of readiness of the celandine can be checked as follows: for this, the stem of the plant must be slightly bent. If the stem lends itself easily to your movement, then the plant is not yet ready. The stem of a well-dried celandine should break.
After the plant is dry, it needs to be stored properly. This will require thick cloth bags. The medicinal material is placed in them, closed and suspended. If it is not possible to hang the workpiece, then it can simply be stored in a well-ventilated, dry place.If everything is done correctly, then celandine will delight you with its unique medicinal properties for three years.
Useful properties of celandine
Celandine is interesting and useful because of its main property - the ability to cleanse the body of warts, eczema, lava and other skin diseases.
In the old days, eye diseases were also treated with celandine.
Celandine belongs to the poppy family and it is the milky juice of this herb that contains the main useful substances - sanguinarine and chelery. These alkaloids are bactericidal and attack bacteria and pathogens. In addition, celandine can stop the development of certain types of tumors on the skin.
In addition to the above substances, the plant contains about 20-30 different types of active ingredients, the effect of many of which has not yet been sufficiently studied. So in the future, the range of applications for celandine will be even wider.
It is worth noting that celandine should be used with extreme caution. You can use tinctures and lotions for the skin, but you should not do this without the advice of a doctor, and even more so apply it internally. He is very poisonous.
But at the summer cottage, it can be used as a natural insecticide. A solution of celandine can be sprayed on plants in the garden. True, here it is worth observing the safety rules. You need to work in a respirator and goggles. If the drug gets on the skin, it is not scary, but if your mucous membranes come into contact with the celandine solution, then it can be very unpleasant and painful.
What celandine helps from
The dosage forms prepared from it have a choleretic, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and antitumor effect (inhibit growth).
Alkaloids are most active. In particular, they act on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, pathogenic fungi of the genus Candida, tubercle bacillus.
In Russia, scrofulous children with skin tuberculosis were bathed in a decoction of celandine, warts and freckles were removed with scabies juice.
The seeker's juice was instilled into the eyes to cleanse them, after diluting it in half with water.
The boiled herb was used to treat wounds and bruises “with great benefit”.
Currently, celandine preparations are used in the following cases.
Outwardly: eczema, psoriasis, fungal diseases and erysipelas, skin cancer, warts, boils, freckles, cutaneous tuberculosis, scabies, thermal burns.
Inside: hepatitis, stomach diseases, hypertension, rheumatism, cholecystitis, disinfection.
Hope everyone knows. that celandine is poisonous, use it, especially inside, with great care!
Depending on the disease, they use infusions, decoctions, tincture of herbs or celandine root, ointment, as well as juice made in a special way.
- Infusion: add a glass of boiling water to one teaspoon of dry herb, close tightly, insist at room temperature for half an hour.
- Broth: simmer one tablespoon for 15 minutes in a water bath in a glass of boiling water. then insist half an hour at room temperature, filter, add to the initial volume.
- For lotions, compresses, baths: pour a handful of fresh celandine with 1.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 6 hours, drain.
- Tincture: pour 100 grams of fresh grass with 200 ml of medical alcohol. insist for three weeks in a dark place. strain.
The use of celandine for diseases
Depending on what kind of ailment, they use a specific prescription for treatment.
In chronic hepatitis, a warm infusion of 1/3 cup is regularly taken orally, three times a day, half an hour before meals. The course is two weeks.
Drink a decoction of the herb 2-3 times a day for a third of a glass 15 minutes before meals.
An infusion of dry celandine is used, half a glass 2-3 times a day for one to two weeks.
Warts are cauterized with fresh juice from any part, or it can be a tincture.
Contraindications for use
Remember that the plant is poisonous.
- Bronchial asthma
- Angina pectoris
- Contraindicated in severe dysbiosis.
- Epilepsy and severe mental disorders
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding
You may be interested in the following information:
Hemlock is also, but to a greater extent, poisonous. However, thanks to these alkaloids it contains, it has strong anticancer properties.
Bolotov's kvass on celandine, doctors' reviews