Why hazel grouses do not bloom: causes and elimination - proper care and planting site
Grouse is considered an unpretentious plant and capable of growing in any conditions. Grow - yes! But don't bloom. In order for fritillaria to bloom, you must follow certain rules for caring for it. The peculiarities of flowering are associated not so much with caring for hazel grouses, but with their correct planting. But even after planting, you should not rely only on fate, because there are several reasons why hazel grouses do not bloom, and some of them exclude each other.
Grouse does not bloom - bad bulb
Of course, the main reason that hazel grouses do not bloom is poor-quality planting material. If you decide to save money and buy too small bulbs, then you may not wait for the fritillaria bloom in the first year. After all, most likely, your bulbs are children, and they must gain strength for full flowering.
Of course, the sizes of the bulbs of the different varieties of fritillaria vary greatly. Russian hazel grouse, for example, has the smallest onion in comparison with other varieties - about 1 cm in diameter. The bulb is slightly larger in the hazel grouse - 2-3 cm in diameter. The hazel grouse Radde has large bulbs - about 6 cm. But the largest planting material in almost all varieties of imperial hazel grouse and Edward's hazel grouse - 10 cm in diameter.
Therefore, when buying bulbs, pay attention to their grade. The higher quality planting material you buy, the more chances you have of seeing fritillaria bloom.
Problems with flowering also occur in hazel grouses grown from seeds. Such specimens usually bloom for 4-5 years.
They do not bloom at all or give small flowers and too old bulbs that have not been removed from the soil for several years, therefore, for most varieties of fritillaria, it is recommended to transplant bulbs every 2-3 years. But the imperial hazel grouse needs to be dug out every year.
Of course, the location of the site for planting hazel grouses and the soil on it also play an important role. If you want hazel grouses not only to grow, but also to bloom, follow the rules of agricultural technology.
It is very important that the soil on the site is permeable, or drained. It is good if the bed for planting hazel grouses is located above the neighboring plots: this will ensure a good outflow of water.
Heavy loamy soils can be made lighter by adding river sand for digging. You can improve the composition of the soil with sheet, well-rotted humus. But the addition of too heavy nitrogenous fertilizers (including manure) is highly undesirable.
When planting, a little wood ash can be added to each hole. And so that water does not fall on the growth point of the future peduncle, the bulb is placed a little on its side when planting. It is better to sprinkle it on top with sand.
The area for fritillaria should not be in a draft. And for the winter, despite the frost resistance of these flowers, it is still better to cover the site with spruce branches or other insulating material so that the flower buds on the bulbs do not freeze in snowless frosty winters.
Proper care of hazel grouse
Most species of fritillaria expel the stem and peduncles early. In April-May, frosts are still possible, and from this the stalks of the hazel grouse can freeze slightly and bend to the ground. That is why it is so important to plant hazel grouses on a site protected from drafts, well warmed up in the daytime.
If the soil on the site warms up well during the day, then at night it will give off part of the absorbed heat, which will not allow the peduncle to freeze. If the place is damp and too shaded, then the peduncle may die even at the stage of forcing, and you will not wait for flowers.
You need to be careful with loosening and feeding. If you get too carried away with loosening the soil around the plants, you can damage their surface roots.
And top dressing with too concentrated fertilizers can cause burns on the leaves and rotting of the bulb.
However, more often the reason that hazel grouses do not bloom is not an excess, but a lack of fertilizers. For full-fledged development, flowers need good nitrogenous fertilizers - not heavy and easily digestible. It is better to buy a ready-made complex fertilizer and apply it according to the scheme in the instructions attached to the preparation.
Two weeks before flowering, spray the flowers of hazel grouse with a solution of trace elements that activate budding.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Liliaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Liliaceae on F
Ficus leaves dry up - causes, as well as ways to deal with the problem
The tree has another name - elastic (Ficus Elastica), belongs to the Mulberry family. In the 19th century, it was grown for the production of rubber. The homeland is India and the southern part of Indonesia from the islands of Sumatra and Java, where it grows into a tall tree, up to almost 30 meters, and is revered by local Buddhists as sacred, and in indoor conditions it rarely grows above 2 meters.
In its natural environment it can grow in the Mediterranean, in more northern latitudes it is grown only indoors, since it does not have resistance to low temperatures.
The most famous species found in the homes of florists include:
- Belize. They have light pink or white patterns along the edge.
- Variegata. The sheets are thin, feathery, streaks on the sheets are light ..
- Robusta. The most common species with large leathery green leaves.
It is a tree with one trunk, without side branches, but in the process of growth, branches and aerial roots appear on it, which, under the influence of warm and humid climatic conditions, reach the soil and form new trunks.
The leaves are rather large, reaching 30 cm, leathery, elongated, dark green, alternating. Very young leaves are brown.
The flowers are unimportant, inconspicuous and pollinated by insects - pollinators, but flowers do not appear at home.
On the surface of the crown or stems, sometimes you can see light specks with milky juice. If you touch open areas of the skin to them, you may experience dermatitis, allergic reactions, therefore, when working with the plant, you need to be careful and put the pot out of the reach of children and pets.
Dracaena leaves turn yellow, what should I do?
There are many reasons for the yellowing of young greenery. It is necessary to exclude the circumstances preceding the yellowing. It should be taken into account that the plant does not immediately react to the insult. At least two weeks pass between the wrong action and the reaction. Of course, this applies to chronic cases. If the plant is frozen or dried into stone, the reaction will follow quickly.
If watered incorrectly, the roots can rot and not cope with the nutrition of the plant. If watering into cold soil during the dormant period is carried out without waiting for the clod of earth to dry out and abundantly, it is necessary to urgently inspect the root system, trim the damaged roots and transplant the plant. Overdrying the soil has a similar effect.
Excessive grooming can be one of the causes of yellowing. If dracaena is often bathed in the shower, then it is necessary to dry the leaf axils. Sometimes yellowing begins for this very reason.
The optimum temperature for a flower is 18 - 22 degrees. Prolonged storage in a cool room will impair root function and leaf nutrition.
Dracaena leaves turn yellow in case of colonization of pests - spider mites, scale insects, thrips. Pest control measures - first rinsing with soapy water and vodka. Later application of insecticides.
What to do if the leaves on the crown of the dracaena turn yellow? Remove the flower from the open window; it stands in a draft. If at the same time the remaining leaves grew dull, the direct rays of the hot sun fell on the top of the head.
The leaves begin to curl up into a tube - the plant is frozen, it can be saved by frequent spraying with warm water and transferred to a warm room.
If the yellowing of the leaves occurs in mass, the color changes slightly, the green color turns pale, remember when you changed the soil, fed the plant. He may lack nitrogen nutrition. But when overfeeding with nitrogen, the plant loses its resistance to fungal diseases. We need a measure.
Why hazel does not bear fruit - reasons and solutions
The content of the article
Hazel and hazelnuts can grow in almost any soil, at any level of lighting, suffering only from the winter cold. But in poor conditions, despite the active growth of leaves and shoots, nuts are not tied.
Sometimes the bush has been growing for more than a dozen years, and the owners still cannot taste what its fruits taste like. Why hazel does not bear fruit and is it possible to correct this situation - we will consider in the article.
Grouse - how to decorate the garden with exotic fritillaria
The hazel grouse, also known as fritillaria, belongs to the perennial bulbous crops of the Liliaceae family. There are about a hundred different plant species. The flower is native to North America and Asia. Translated from Latin, the name of the culture means "container for dice."
Many people associate the name of fritillaria with a chessboard and a miniature bird. There is no single characteristic for hazel grouse. The family includes various subspecies - dwarf representatives (up to 10 cm) and giants (above one meter). Each year, the hazel grouse flowers renew the bulb.
The color of the inflorescences can be milky, light green, orange, purple and brown. Produces fritillary buds, as a rule, at the end of April.
Plant care at home
The hazel grouse easily withstands sudden changes in temperature.
The plant does not require additional protection in winter. The culture easily withstands drops and a sharp drop in temperature (up to -30 degrees). It is advisable to cover the planting site with mulch and containment material. The layer should be at least five centimeters.
The plant prefers areas with diffused sunlight. Direct sunlight leads to a decrease in the size of the inflorescences, and in full shade, the buds may not form.
How to water a hazel grouse plant
The plant does not need regular soil moisture. During intensive vegetative development, fritillaria should be periodically watered with warm, settled water.
During the period of active growth, watering is carried out with warm water.
When the plant has faded, the leaves and shoots will begin to wilt. At this stage, when the leaves turn yellow and the flower stems dry out, the hazel grouse must be transplanted.
Fritillaria tubers are necessary:
- Dig up carefully. Care must be taken to maintain the integrity of the bulb.
- For a month, it is necessary to keep the planting material in a room with good air circulation.
- After the first roots or shoots appear, you need to immediately plant the hazel grouse in the ground.
Grouse trimming procedure
It is necessary to clean the culture immediately after the inflorescences wilted. To do this, dry buds and shoots should be removed. The plant should be cleaned in such a way that at least 4 cm remains at the base.
Storage of hazel grouse in winter
Some gardeners argue that it is better to dig up hazel grouse tubers for the winter period. If there is no snow in the winter and the temperature drops sharply, the bulbs may freeze or die.
For winter, hazel grouse bulbs can be dug up and stored in a cool place.
Before the first frost, you can dig out the hazel grouse and treat the tubers with a disinfectant. Then dry and store in cardboard packages with coarse sand or chips.
Varieties of fritillaria
The most popular representatives of fritillaria are the Shakhmatny hazel grouse and the Royal hazel grouse.
"Royal" hazel grouse
The plant is also called the "Imperial" hazel grouse. Fritillaria deservedly received a high title. Not a single landscape composition is complete without a flower.
The culture is distinguished by large tubers. Fritillaria can reach a height of about 1.5 meters. The plant has decorative glossy leaves along the stem. The inflorescences are placed face down. In the natural environment, there are subspecies of orange-red, scarlet, orange and yellow.
Exquisite inflorescences of hazel grouse "Imperial".
It is advisable to plant hazel grouse "Imperial" with a slight slope. The structure of the bulb can cause rotting of the upper part of the tuber from excessive precipitation.
Grouse "Imperial" requires an illuminated landing site in direct sunlight. Well-drained soil is preferred.
Features of growing "Imperial" fritillaria can be found in the video:
"Chess" hazel grouse
The most charming representative of fritillaria. Bell-shaped inflorescences are purple and white with a faint checkerboard pattern.
Plant height reaches about 50 cm. It goes well with annuals in rockeries and alpine hills. Often used to decorate lawn areas.
Planting fritillaria in open soil
Light, well-drained soil should be chosen for planting.
To plant a plant, you should:
- Find a suitable location on the site. It is advisable to choose an area with loose soil. Excessively humid and waterlogged areas should be avoided.
- If the soil is loamy, organic material must be used. Peat, compost, tree bark, leaf humus are ideal as drainage.
- "Imperial" hazel grouse has a very specific aroma. Therefore, it is advisable to plant a subspecies in remote areas.
- Dig holes and plant the bulbs at a distance of at least 10 cm.
- It should be borne in mind that the "Imperial" hazel grouse usually has a hole in the upper part of the tuber. You need to arrange the planting material evenly. The mark in the bulb should be centered at the top.
- After planting, the soil should be carefully moistened.
- During flowering, you can cut beautiful stems with buds for vibrant bouquets. It is necessary to remove short shoots. Excessive pruning - more than 2/3 of the stem will negatively affect the formation of inflorescences in the next vegetative period.
Breeding hazel grouses does not cause unnecessary trouble. To grow beautiful, flowering fritillaria, you need:
- Plant the bulbs at a distance from each other, depending on the size of the planting material.
- When planting, observe the rule - the depth of the hole should be twice the size of the tuber.
The depth of the hole should be twice the size of the hazel grouse bulb.
It is preferable to plant tubers in autumn. If the bulbs are purchased in summer, it is best not to wait several months and plant the plant right away.
Everyone has long been accustomed to the fact that the classic breeding of hazel grouse involves growing outdoors. If the conditions of the site are not conducive to the development of green spaces, you can experiment and plant fritillaria in a container.
A loose and light mixture should be prepared as the soil, preferably sandy loam soil. For better vegetative growth, you can add rotted compost and peat. Florists also recommend purchasing cactus soil and mixing with gravel.
As a top dressing, a dry complex of nutrients for indoor crops is ideal.
After wilting and before the onset of frost, fertilizers containing superphosphates and potassium should be applied.
After wilting, the plant can be fed with fertilizer.
It is necessary to thoroughly water the soil after each top dressing.
On the forums it is often argued that it is advisable not to dig up the bulbs of the "Imperial" hazel grouse for 5 years. Therefore, the subspecies is not suitable for container growing. As the practice of flower growers shows, the correct selection of capacity, soil and fertilizers in a closed room guarantees a long and abundant flowering of fritillaria.
As a flowerpot, it is advisable to choose ceramic containers with the provided drainage drains.
Drainage holes should be provided in the container for hazel grouse.
Sufficiently deep containers are suitable for fritillaria. Unlike outdoor planting conditions, about 2-3 bulbs can be planted in one flowerpot.
Common problems of fritillaria
Premature fall of flower buds before the inflorescences ripen indicates an incorrect planting depth or freezing of the bulbs. In addition, the reason may be non-compliance with the proportions of soil fertilization.
Yellowing of leaves and shoots
Caused, as a rule, by the natural process of leaf death. If the lower leaves began to dry, this is a clear sign of preparation for winter dormancy.
Improper hydration leads to rotting of the bulb. The plant must be dug up and treated with rot-infected tubers with a solution of potassium permanganate. Then you need to dry the planting material at a high temperature and sprinkle the slices with crushed charcoal. After that, you can land it in the ground.
Low growth of fritillaria
Causes abundant congestion of plants. After several years of cultivation in the same soil, many young shoots appear on the bulbs. Plants lack nutrients. Therefore, after wilting of the leaves (before the onset of the dormant period), the bulbs should be carefully dug up and planted according to the recommendations.
Fritillaria is often attacked by weevils. Beetle larvae damage the stems in the soil. An adult insect infects leaves and roots.
The adult weevil beetle damages the foliage and inflorescences of the hazel grouse.
As a rule, the weevil eats the hazel grouse at night. A characteristic jagged pattern appears along the edges of the leaves. Larvae hatch from eggs laid in the ground in July and August.
At the developmental stage, pests are difficult to control. Therefore, they can easily damage the root system of the hazel grouse.
After finding damage to the foliage, the plant should be thoroughly cleaned and all parts of the crop should be treated with an insecticide. It is necessary to repeat the procedure after 5 days.
Infected leaves become straw yellow or brown in color. Leaf spot usually affects already weakened foliage. The spread of the disease can be controlled by removing all diseased leaves, followed by destruction.
To prevent contamination of other green spaces, all fallen remains of dead plants should be collected. Thus, the spread of the spore population can be avoided. Dig up and discard the soil next to infected crops.
To prevent the disease, it is necessary to use several methods:
- Mulching will help avoid contamination of neighboring flowers.
- After flowering, overgrown plants should be separated to improve air circulation.
- The looseness and drainage of the soil should be checked regularly.
Rust on foliage
Powdery spotting on fritillaria is caused by various fungi. The disease manifests itself in the form of numerous marks of an orange, yellow or white hue on various zones of the plant.
Infected leaves wilt and dry out. The plant may die. Remove damaged leaves as soon as possible.
Rust can be prevented by periodically spraying colloidal sulfur on the leaves of the plant.
For prophylaxis, massive concentrations of other representatives of the fauna near the hazel grouse should be avoided. Also, it is not recommended to spray the foliage when watering.
Fritillaria is known for its specific odor, which can not only repel pests, but can also cause allergies. People with sensitive skin may experience itching or tingling from the treatment of hazel grouse bulbs. The safest way to grow fritillaria is to wear gloves when planting tubers.
Plant propagation methods
The flower can be obtained in two ways - vegetatively and by seed.
Reproduction of fritillaria by seeds
Several species of hazel grouse reproduce by self-seeding under favorable conditions.
For growing you will need:
- Prepare freshly harvested seeds from a dried box.
- Certain species of hazel grouse reproduce by self-seeding. In this case, the planting material is on the surface of the soil. Therefore, it is important to place the seeds evenly on the soil and not bury them deep in the ground.
- The top can be covered with a layer of sand from 0.5 to 1 cm to retain moisture.
- A light composition of compost mixed with peat should be used as soil.
- Avoid open areas with large gusts of wind and drafts.
- Cold air stimulates the emergence of seedlings. You can place seed containers in the refrigerator. The temperature should be at least + 4 degrees.
- Seeds should be checked regularly.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, you need to move the container to a bright place to prevent etiolation (stretching of the stems) of the seedlings in the dark.
- During the entire growing season, the seedlings should be thoroughly watered.
- You need to use half the dose of the balanced fertilizer provided for in the instructions, once every two weeks.
- By the end of the first year, the bulbs will be too small. Therefore, you should wait with a transplant until next year.
- An adult flowering plant will appear only after 5-6 years.
Vegetative reproduction of hazel grouse
When the leaves and flowers are dry, you can plant the hazel grouse. This requires:
- After digging, remove dry leaves. You can cut them off with a pair of sharp scissors.
- Gently pull the small bulbs from the mother culture and remove any remaining soil from the tubers.
- Store the divided bulbs. Pack the baby tubers in a wooden box filled with moist peat and moss.
- In the fall, after a cold snap, you should prepare a landing site.
- Check tubers carefully before planting.
- Destroy all soft spotted bulbs.
- Planting material should be placed with the pointed end up, and then covered with soil.
- It is not recommended to compact the soil over the top of the bulbs.
- For protection, you can use a light organic mulch - straw or leaves.
- In the spring, when the bulbs begin to sprout, the protection must be removed.
One mother bulb can be divided into several parts. In many types of culture, the main tuber increases in size and forms children. It is these bulbs that have to be grown for several years before flowering.
Babies are easily separated from the mother plant. The bulbs should be dug up every two years. Then the separated babies will already be large enough. and the separation process will be noticeably simplified.
You can artificially divide the tuber. To do this, you need to cut the onion, which consists of two scales. Dry the separated parts. Segments have a lower resistance to drying than whole bulbs. Therefore, they should be planted much earlier.
Why does the hazel grouse not bloom
There are two main reasons for the lack of inflorescences:
- The low temperature does not allow the flower bud to ripen. The plant should be provided with a proper microclimate. Inflorescences, as a rule, are formed at temperatures above + 23 degrees. It is necessary to move the plant to another area of the site or temporarily transplant it into a container.
The absence of inflorescences indicates a damaged tuber or unfavorable growing conditions.
Acquisition of fritillaria
When choosing a hazel grouse, it must be borne in mind that the tubers must have a healthy appearance without obvious symptoms of decay, cracks, soft areas and mold. The presence of roots and last year's dried stem does not refer to signs of poor-quality planting material.
It is advisable to buy bulbs for the season.
It is advisable to acquire planting material for hazel grouse just before planting.
To do this, you should make an application in advance at the garden nursery. On average, the price of Imperial hazel grouse is about 114 rubles per 5 bulbs. Grouse "Persian" in the form of seeds can be purchased at a price of 87 rubles per pack. One package contains 10 seeds.
Leaf yellowing as a natural process
If the lower leaves begin to change color, there is no cause for concern. Thus, the calla is simply renewed.
Each leaf lives no more than 6 months, then it gradually dies off, making room for new ones.
The same applies to the yellowing of the leaves in the autumn - then the life processes of the flower freeze, and he himself begins to prepare for the dormant period, throwing off the leaves.
In this case, you should wait until all the leaves are dry (without forcibly cutting them off), and then place the plant in a cool dark room until spring.
Another useful quality
The imperial hazel grouses have another useful quality, though not yet confirmed by scientific research.
Due to the specific smell of the bulbs, hazel grouse can be used as a means of scaring away moles and bears from our site.
And although there is no scientific substantiation for these statements yet (or simply did not find it), the personal experience of summer residents shows that the mole leaves the summer cottage after several bulbs of imperial hazel grouses are planted directly into the mole exits.
At the same time, the bulbs of lilies, tulips and other flowers growing nearby are also preserved without damage.
I have imperial hazel grouses growing for the second year and if this statement is confirmed, then I will plant them throughout the summer cottage, since I have a lot of problems with moles and a bear.
Such a solution to the problem would suit me very much, firstly - the magnificently blooming hazel grouses decorating the garden plot, and secondly - the absence of pests))))
Dear readers, I am often asked why the imperial hazel grouses sometimes do not bloom. The comments have answers to these questions, but I want to invite you to watch a video on this topic.